Pama Reserve is a partial reserve in Burkina Faso. Established in 1955 it is located in Kompienga Province and covers an area of 2237 km², its eastern border is the Singou river, separating it from two other reserves and Arli. The western border is the national road N18 from Fada N'Gourma to Porga. In the South the reserve reaches the Pendjari river; the reserve is home to elephants, hippopotamuses and leopards and 450 species of flowering plants
Mare aux Hippopotames
The Mare aux Hippopotames is a lake and national park in Burkina Faso, created in 1937 and designated in 1977 as the only UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in the nation. The park was created around a freshwater lake and includes surrounding pools and marches in the flood plain of the Black Volta River, surrounding forests; the park is home to about 100 hippos. It is located about 60 kilometers north of Bobo-Dioulasso, is itself about 163 square kilometres in size. Mare aux Hippopotames is among the wetlands of international importance as defined by the Ramsar Convention. Mare aux Hippopotames at Birdlife.org Mare aux Hippopotames at UNESCO Media related to Mare aux Hippopotames at Wikimedia Commons
International Union for Conservation of Nature
The International Union for Conservation of Nature is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. It is involved in data gathering and analysis, field projects and education. IUCN's mission is to "influence and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable". Over the past decades, IUCN has widened its focus beyond conservation ecology and now incorporates issues related to sustainable development in its projects. Unlike many other international environmental organisations, IUCN does not itself aim to mobilize the public in support of nature conservation, it tries to influence the actions of governments and other stakeholders by providing information and advice, through building partnerships. The organization is best known to the wider public for compiling and publishing the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, which assesses the conservation status of species worldwide.
IUCN has a membership of over 1400 non-governmental organizations. Some 16,000 scientists and experts participate in the work of IUCN commissions on a voluntary basis, it employs 1000 full-time staff in more than 50 countries. Its headquarters are in Switzerland. IUCN has observer and consultative status at the United Nations, plays a role in the implementation of several international conventions on nature conservation and biodiversity, it was involved in establishing the World Wide Fund for Nature and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. In the past, IUCN has been criticized for placing the interests of nature over those of indigenous peoples. In recent years, its closer relations with the business sector have caused controversy. IUCN was established in 1948, it was called the International Union for the Protection of Nature and the World Conservation Union. Establishment IUCN was established on 5 October 1948, in Fontainebleau, when representatives of governments and conservation organizations signed a formal act constituting the International Union for the Protection of Nature.
The initiative to set up the new organisation came from UNESCO and from its first Director General, the British biologist Julian Huxley. The objectives of the new Union were to encourage international cooperation in the protection of nature, to promote national and international action and to compile and distribute information. At the time of its founding IUPN was the only international organisation focusing on the entire spectrum of nature conservation Early years: 1948–1956 IUPN started out with 65 members, its secretariat was located in Brussels. Its first work program focused on saving species and habitats and applying knowledge, advancing education, promoting international agreements and promoting conservation. Providing a solid scientific base for conservation action was the heart of all activities. IUPN and UNESCO were associated, they jointly organized the 1949 Conference on Protection of Nature. In preparation for this conference a list of gravely endangered species was drawn up for the first time, a precursor of the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
In the early years of its existence IUCN depended entirely on UNESCO funding and was forced to temporarily scale down activities when this ended unexpectedly in 1954. IUPN was successful in engaging prominent scientists and identifying important issues such as the harmful effects of pesticides on wildlife but not many of the ideas it developed were turned into action; this was caused by unwillingness to act on the part of governments, uncertainty about the IUPN mandate and lack of resources. In 1956, IUPN changed its name to International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Increased profile and recognition: 1956–1965 In the 1950s and 1960s Europe entered a period of economic growth and formal colonies became independent. Both developments had impact on the work of IUCN. Through the voluntary involvement of experts in its Commissions IUCN was able to get a lot of work done while still operating on a low budget, it established links with the Council of Europe. In 1961, at the request of United Nations Economic and Social Council, the United Nations Economic and Social Council, IUCN published the first global list of national parks and protected areas which it has updated since.
IUCN's best known publication, the Red Data Book on the conservation status of species, was first published in 1964. IUCN began to play a part in the development of international treaties and conventions, starting with the African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Environmental law and policy making became a new area of expertise. Africa was the focus of many of the early IUCN conservation field projects. IUCN supported the ‘Yellowstone model’ of protected area management, which restricted human presence and activity in order to protect nature. IUCN and other conservation organisations were criticized for protecting nature against people rather than with people; this model was also applied in Africa and played a role in the decision to remove the Maasai people from Serengeti National Park and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. To establish a stable financial basis for its work, IUCN participated in setting up the World Wildlife Fund
Sylvo-Pastoral and Partial Faunal Reserve of the Sahel
The Sylvo-Pastoral and Partial Faunal Reserve of the Sahel is the largest protected area of Burkina Faso, comprising an area of 16,000 km2. Within the area of the nature reserve are temporary lakes being important for migratory birds
W National Park
The W National Park or W Regional Park is a major national park in West Africa around a meander in the River Niger shaped like the letter W. The park includes areas of the three countries Niger and Burkina Faso, is governed by the three governments; until 2008, the implementation of a regional management was supported by the EU-funded project ECOPAS. The three national parks operate under the name W Transborder Park; the W National Park of Niger was created by decree on 4 August 1954, since 1996 has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Within Niger, the Park is listed as a National Park, IUCN Type II, is part of a larger complex of Reserves and protected areas; these include the adjacent Dallol Bosso (Wetlands of International Importance on the eastern bank of the Niger River and the partial overlap of the smaller "Parc national du W" (Wetlands of International Importance. The three parks are BirdLife International Important Bird Areas of types A1 and A3. In the three nations, the Regional park covers some 10,000 km2 uninhabited by humans, having been until the 1970s a Malarial zone of wetlands formed by the delta of the Mekrou River with the Niger, broken by rocky hills.
The area has been at one time a major area of human habitation, judged by the important archaeological sites found in the area. In the national park, A total of 454 species of plants were recorded, including two orchids found only in Niger; the park constitute the southern limit of tiger bush plateaus distribution in Niger. The park is known for its large mammals, including aardvark, African buffalo, cheetah, African bush elephant, African leopard, West African lion and warthog; the park provides a home for some of West Africa's last wild African elephant. However, the rare West African giraffe, today restricted to small parts of the Niger, is absent from the park; the W Park is known for historic occurrence of packs of the endangered West African wild dog, although this canid may now be extirpated from the area. The National Park is one of the last strongholds for the Northwest African cheetah. A small population of 25 individuals is estimated to be resident across the W–Arli–Pendjari protected area complex.
The W National Park is known for its bird populations transitory migrating species, with over 350 species identified in the park. The park has been identified by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area. Pendjari National Park Convers Arnaud, Chaibou Issa, Binot Aurélie, Dulieu Dominique La gestion de la transhumance dans la zone d’influence du parc régional du w par le programme ecopas: une « approche projet » pour l’aménagement de la périphérie du parc. Vertigo Hors Série 4. URL: http://vertigo.revues.org/761. Tome 1: Contribution à l’étude du milieu naturel et des ressources végétales du canton de Tamou et du Parc du "W". ORSTOM, Niger, 41 p. Doussa S Les impacts de la culture cotonnière sur la gestion des ressources naturelles du Parc W. Maitrise, Université de Ouagadougou. Grégoire JM, Fournier A, Eva H & Sawadogo L Caractérisation de la dynamique des feux et de l’évolution du couvert dans le Parc du W: Burkina Faso, Bénin et Niger. 64 S. Hogan C. Michael Painted Hunting Dog: Lycaon pictus, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg Koster S & Grettenberger J A preliminary survey of birds in Park W Niger.
Malimbus, 5: 62-72 Nacoulma, B. M. I.: Dynamique et stratégies de conservation de la végétation et de la phytodiversité du complexe écologique du Parc National du W du Burkina Faso. PhD thesis, Université de Ouagadougou. Poche R A checklist of Niger. Africa Mig. Field. 41: 113- 115. Poche R Niger's threatened park'W'. Oryx 12: 216-222. Rabeil T Distribution potentielles des grands mammifères dans le Parc du W au Niger. Doctoral Thesis, Univ. Paris VII. 463 S. Price et al; the “W” Regional Park of Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger - Building on a Process of Regional Integration to Address both Local Interests and Transboundary Challenges. World Parks Congress 2003, Durban, RSA. In: Pansky, Diane. 2005. Governance Stream of the Vth World Parks Congress. Ottawa, Canada: Parks Canada and IUCN/WCPA. ISBN R62-375/2003E-MRC 0-662-40433-5. W National Park of Niger. 2009. Zwarg A, Schmidt M, Janßen T, Hahn K, Zizka G Plant diversity, functional traits and soil conditions of grass savannas on lateritic crusts in south eastern Burkina Faso.
Flora et Vegetatio Sudano-Sambesica 15: 15-24. W National Park travel guide from Wikivoyage Detailed Nigerien government tourist map. WCMC World Heritage Site Data Sheet UNESCO Page on W National Park BirdLife IBA Factsheet'W' National Park. Le Parc du W du Niger: Aires protégées Burkina Faso - Niger - Bénin. Centre IRD d'Orléans Research Summary, University of Orleans
Arli National Park
Arli National Park called Arly, is a national park located in Tapoa Province, southeastern Burkina Faso. It adjoins the Singou Reserve in the west; the park is set in 760 km2 with a wide variety of habitats, ranging from the gallery forests of the Arli and Pendjari rivers to savanna woodland and sandstone hills of the Gobnangou chain. It is home to around 200 200 hippos and 100 lions. There are buffaloes, baboons and green monkeys and various antelopes, such as the western hartebeest and roan antelope. There are bushbucks and waterbuck; the park can be accessed via the N19 highway via Diapaga. Arli National Park has several pools, such as Tounga where there is a waterhole and there are two pools which are visited by up to twenty hippos; the park was earlier a habitat for the West African wild dog, although this canid is extirpated from the local area due to an expanding human population, a lack of national protection. Arly-Singou W National Park Africa Tour Operators
Kourtiagou Reserve is a partial reserve in Burkina Faso. Established in 1957 it is located in Tapoa Province and covers an area of 510 km², its name stems from the river Kourtiagou, the western border of the reserve. In the East it is divided from the W National Park by the road R7 from Tansarga to Banikoara; the southern border is the national border to Benin