Northern Thailand is geographically characterised by several mountain ranges, which continue from the Shan Hills in bordering Myanmar to Laos, the river valleys which cut through them. Though like most of Thailand, it has a tropical savanna climate, its high elevation and latitude contribute to more pronounced seasonal temperature variation, with cooler winters than the other regions, it is related to the Lanna Kingdom and its culture. North Thailand is bound by the Mekong in the east; the basins of rivers Ping, Wang and Nan, all tributaries of the Chao Phraya River, in the central part run from north to south and are very wide. The basins cut across the mountains of two great ranges, the Thanon Range in the western part and the Phi Pan Nam in the eastern, their elevations are moderate, a little above 2,000 metres for the highest summits. Although forested, many of these mountains are now denuded. Parallel mountain ranges extend from the Daen Lao Range, in the southern region of the Shan Hills, in a north-south direction, the Dawna Range forming the western border of Thailand between Mae Hong Son and the Salween River.
To the east the Thanon Thong Chai Range, the Khun Tan Range, the Phi Pan Nam Range, as well as the western part of the Luang Prabang Range, form the natural region of the Thai highlands together with the former. These high mountains are incised by steep river valleys and upland areas that border the central plain. A series of rivers, including the Nan, Wang and Nan, flow southwards through mountain valleys and join to form the Chao Phraya in Nakhon Sawan Province in the central region. Sirikit Dam is on the Nan River in Uttaradit Province; the northeastern part is drained by rivers flowing into the Mekong basin, like the Ing. The four-region system includes the northern parts of the central plain as well as some mountainous areas bordering the western and the northeastern limits; the northern region, as defined by the National Geographical Committee in 1978, consists of nine provinces. Geographically the division, in conformance with the six-region system, includes most of the mountainous natural region of the Thai highlands.
In the four-region classification system, northern Thailand gains the eight upper-central-region provinces: Kamphaeng Phet, Nakhon Sawan, Phichit, Sukhothai, Uthai Thani and Tak, bringing the total to 17 provinces. According to the six-region classification system established by the National Research Council of Thailand, the northern region includes the following provinces: Note: Populations as of 31 December 2011. Regional classification of Northern Thailand North travel guide from Wikivoyage
The Thomas Saf-T-Liner is the name of the transit-style school bus product line produced by Thomas Built Buses. Introduced in 1978, the Saf-T-Liner marked the transition to in-house chassis production by Thomas. In addition to school bus applications, variations of the Saf-T-Liner have been produced as activity buses, specialty vehicles, commercial/transit buses, it can be used to describe the Saf-T-Liner C2 or Saf-T-Liner FS-65, but they are not considered part of the Saf-T-Liner family. All versions of the Saf-T-Liner model line are produced in High Point, North Carolina. Prior to its reorganization as Thomas Built Buses in 1972, Thomas Car Works produced both front and rear-engined transit-style school buses to compete with other manufacturers; as was the common practice during the era, production of the chassis was outsourced to another manufacturer. Thomas offered its transit-style buses on a wide variety of chassis in comparison to other manufacturers. In contrast, Blue Bird the largest school bus manufacturer in the United States, manufactured its own chassis.
In 1978, coinciding with an updated body design necessitated by federal school bus safety regulations, Thomas became a chassis manufacturer with the launch of the Saf-T-Liner EF and ER. For the first time, the Saf-T-Liner was produced on a Thomas-designed chassis. In 2001, Thomas introduced its current generation of rear-engine bus with the debut of the Thomas Saf-T-Liner HD. Serving as the replacement for the Saf-T-Liner ER and WestCoastER, the HD/HDX would use much of the same body, with the exception of the drivers' compartment forward. On the outside, the front roofcap was redesigned, fairing in the front warning lights. In a move to increase visibility, the windshield was enlarged and reconfigured to a 2-piece curved configuration. A distinguishing feature of the redesign would be the design of the sideview mirrors. To improve forward sightlines, all three sets of sideview mirrors were integrated into single roof-mounted units, eliminating a number of brackets. Several parts of the redesign reflected the acquisition of Thomas by Freightliner.
While the chassis remained a Thomas-produced unit, parts of the body were sourced from Freightliner, including the headlights and instrument panel. In a further move to improve visibility, the instrument panel was centrally-mounted. Other changes were intended for the HD/HDX to accommodate a wide variety of bus drivers; the HD/HDX includes a adjustable driver's seat, a tilt/telescoping steering column, an optional adjustable pedal cluster. In the fall of 2011, the Thomas Saf-T-Liner EF was given its most extensive redesign since 1991; as part of the redesign, it was re-branded the EFX, bringing its naming in line with the rear-engine HDX model. The EFX and the HDX share the same roof cap design. Aside from the front grille, the EFX is distinguished by its use of separate crossview mirrors instead of the integrated units seen on the HDX. Inside, the interior is sourced from the 2010 update of the EF. Introduced in 1978, this model underwent minor redesigns during the 1980s that reduced its chrome trim.
In 1984, it received rectangular headlights. However, as lower-cost front-engine transits came onto the market in the late 1980s and early 1990s, this model was replaced by the All Star EF and the Saf-T-Liner MVP EF. Today, the Saf-T-Liner EF name lives on as the MVP-series EF lost its prefix in 2007. Standing for Maneuverability and Protection, the MVP series of the Saf-T-Liner represented their first substantial update. Introduced as new series for 1991, the MVP represented Thomas's entry into lower-cost Type D school buses, a segment created by the Blue Bird TC/2000 and Wayne Lifestar. From the outside, the MVP EF and ER had much larger windshields, updated drivers compartments. To distinguish them from the Saf-T-Liner ER, the MVP series had dual headlights instead of quad headlights. In 2004, the MVP ER was discontinued as Thomas replaced it and the Saf-T-Liner HD with the HDX; the MVP EF, with minor updates in 2007 and 2010, was produced until it was replaced by the EFX in 2011. Introduced in 1978, the ER was produced through the 1980s with few detail changes.
In 1984, the headlights and front turn signals were switched from round to rectangular units. In 1991, the driver's compartment was redesigned, with a much larger windshield. During the late 1990s, this model was distinguished from MVP-series ERs by its optional black plastic headlight trim. Shortly after the introduction of the Saf-T-Liner ER, this variant was introduced by Thomas for West Coast markets. To better compete with the Crown Supercoaches and Gillig Transit Coaches that had long dominated West Coast school bus sales, Thomas upgraded the Saf-T-Liner ER with heavier-duty components. Additionally, on 90-passenger models, a second rear axle was an option; as it was a regionally focused model, the WestCoastER did not sell in large numbers. However, as Crown Coach and Gillig both exited the school bus industry in the early 1990s, Thomas gained significant ground on the West Coast. Both current models of the Saf-T-Liner are available with diesel engines (or optional natural gas en
Garissa is the capital of Garissa County, Kenya. It is situated in the former North Eastern Province. Garissa is located at 0°27′25″S 39°39′30″E; the Tana River, which rises in Mount Kenya East of Nyeri, flows through the Garissa. The Bour-Algi Giraffe Sanctuary, situated 5 km south of Garissa, is home to endangered wildlife including the Rothschild giraffe and other herbivores including Kirk's dik-dik, lesser kudu and waterbuck. According to the 2009 census, the town has a total population of 119,696. Most of Garissa's inhabitants are ethnic Somali; these are further sub-divided into clans, with the Ogaden sub-clan of the Somali Darod well represented. There are a small number of other minority ethnic groups referred to as corner tribes. Garissa is the commercial hub of the Garissa County; the town has a university, Garissa University College and a number of colleges including Medical College. Banks with a presence in Garissa include the Gulf African Bank situated in the Al-Wayf Quran House, the Postbank in the Garissa Shopping Centre, the First Community Bank in the Bajwed Building.
Other banks with branches in the city include Barclays Bank, Equity Bank, Kenya Commercial Bank, National Bank of Kenya, Chase Bank and Cooperative Bank of Kenya. Livestock production is a significant part of the town's economy. Between 2005 and 2007, Garissa cattle producers earned over 1.8 billion shillings in sales in domestic and overseas markets. Construction on a new abattoir began in October 2007. In terms of livestock imports, most of Garissa's cattle comes from cross-border trade between Somali livestock merchants. On 2 April 2015, gunmen stormed the Garissa University College killing 147 people, injuring 79 or more; the militant group and Al-Qaeda offshoot, Al-Shabaab, which the gunmen claimed to be from, took responsibility for the attack. The gunmen took over 700 students hostage, freeing Muslims and killing those who identified as Christians; the siege ended the same day. Five men were arrested in connection with the attack, a bounty was placed for the arrest of a suspected organizer, Mohamed Mahmoud known as Dulyadeyn.
Dulyadeyn was killed by U. S. - trained Somali commandos from the Somali National Army on the night of May 31, 2016 in Bulo Gadud, a town loyal to Al-Shabaab, about 30 kilometers north of the port of Kismayo in Somalia. The Garissa University attack was the second deadliest terrorist attack in Kenyan history since independence; as the capital of Garissa County, Garissa is the seat of the County Government of Garissa as well as the County Assembly. The Governor of the county is Ali Bunow Korane; the city is represented by Aden Bare Duale, a Somali Member of Parliament for the Garissa Township Constituency in the National Assembly of Kenya. He was elected to the position in the Kenya National Assembly through the United Republican Party, an affiliate party of the Jubilee Alliance, he serves as the Majority Leader in the Parliament. Several establishments in the city offer accommodation. Among these hotels and guest houses are the Almond Hotel, Xiddig Hotel and Nomad Palace Hotel. Garissa has a hot semi-arid climate.
Garissa's landscape is arid, desert terrain. The city lies along the Tana River, has a warm/hot climate due to the low elevation and distance from cooler coastal areas; the daytime temperature rises above 33 °C every day, but cools down every night. Garissa Airport Roman Catholic Diocese of Garissa Garissa University College Garissa University College attack
Thailand the Kingdom of Thailand and known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces. At 513,120 km2 and over 68 million people, Thailand is the world's 50th largest country by total area and the 21st-most-populous country; the capital and largest city is a special administrative area. Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar, its maritime boundaries include Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. Although nominally a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, the most recent coup in 2014 established a de facto military dictatorship. Tai peoples migrated from southwestern China to mainland Southeast Asia from the 11th century. Various Indianised kingdoms such as the Mon, the Khmer Empire and Malay states ruled the region, competing with Thai states such as Ngoenyang, the Sukhothai Kingdom, Lan Na and the Ayutthaya Kingdom, which rivaled each other.
European contact began in 1511 with a Portuguese diplomatic mission to Ayutthaya, one of the great powers in the region. Ayutthaya reached its peak during cosmopolitan Narai's reign declining thereafter until being destroyed in 1767 in a war with Burma. Taksin reunified the fragmented territory and established the short-lived Thonburi Kingdom, he was succeeded in 1782 by Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, the first monarch of the Chakri dynasty and founder of the Rattanakosin Kingdom, which lasted into the early 20th century. Through the 18th and 19th centuries, Siam faced pressure from France and the United Kingdom, including forced concessions of territory, but it remained the only Southeast Asian country to avoid direct Western rule. Following a bloodless revolution in 1932, Siam became a constitutional monarchy and changed its official name to "Thailand". While it joined the Allies in World War I, Thailand was an Axis satellite in World War II. In the late 1950s, a military coup revived the monarchy's influential role in politics.
Thailand became a major ally of the United States and played a key anti-communist role in the region. Apart from a brief period of parliamentary democracy in the mid-1970s, Thailand has periodically alternated between democracy and military rule. In the 21st century, Thailand endured a political crisis that culminated in two coups and the establishment of its current and 20th constitution by the military junta. Thailand is a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy under a military junta. Thailand is a founding member of Association of Southeast Asian Nations and remains a major ally of the US. Despite its comparatively sporadic changes in leadership, it is considered a regional power in Southeast Asia and a middle power in global affairs. With a high level of human development, the second largest economy in Southeast Asia, the 20th largest by PPP, Thailand is classified as a newly industrialized economy. Thailand the Kingdom of Thailand known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia.
The country has always been called Mueang Thai by its citizens. By outsiders prior to 1949, it was known by the exonym Siam; the word Siam may have originated from Pali or Sanskrit श्याम or Mon ရာမည. The names Shan and A-hom seem to be variants of the same word; the word Śyâma is not its origin, but a learned and artificial distortion. Another theory is the name derives from Chinese: "Ayutthaya emerged as a dominant centre in the late fourteenth century; the Chinese called this region Xian, which the Portuguese converted into Siam." A further possibility is that Mon-speaking peoples migrating south called themselves'syem' as do the autochthonous Mon-Khmer-speaking inhabitants of the Malay Peninsula. The signature of King Mongkut reads SPPM Mongkut Rex Siamensium, giving the name "Siam" official status until 24 June 1939 when it was changed to Thailand. Thailand was renamed to Siam from 1946 to 1948. According to George Cœdès, the word Thai means "free man" in the Thai language, "differentiating the Thai from the natives encompassed in Thai society as serfs".
A famous Thai scholar argued that Thai means "people" or "human being", since his investigation shows that in some rural areas the word "Thai" was used instead of the usual Thai word "khon" for people. According to Michel Ferlus, the ethnonyms Thai/Tai would have evolved from the etymon *kri:'human being' through the following chain: *kəri: > *kəli: > *kədi:/*kədaj > *di:/*daj > *dajA > tʰajA2 or > tajA2. Michel Ferlus' work is based on some simple rules of phonetic change observable in the Sinosphere and studied for t
Harper is an American publishing house the flagship imprint of global publisher HarperCollins. James Harper and his brother John, printers by training, started their book publishing business J. & J. Harper in 1817, their two brothers, Joseph Wesley Harper and Fletcher Harper, joined them in the mid-1820s. The company changed its name to "Harper & Brothers" in 1833; the headquarters of the publishing house were located at 331 Pearl Street, facing Franklin Square in Lower Manhattan. Harper & Brothers began publishing Harper's New Monthly Magazine in 1850; the brothers published Harper's Weekly, Harper's Bazar, Harper's Young People. George B. M. Harvey became president of Harper's on Nov. 16, 1899. Harper's New Monthly Magazine became Harper's Magazine, now published by the Harper's Magazine Foundation. Harper's Weekly was absorbed by The Independent in 1916, which in turn merged with The Outlook in 1928. Harper's Bazar was sold to William Randolph Hearst in 1913, became Harper's Bazaar, is now Bazaar, published by the Hearst Corporation.
In 1924, Cass Canfield joined Harper & Brothers and held a variety of executive positions until his death in 1986. In 1925, Eugene F. Saxton joined the company as an editor, he was responsible for publishing many well-known authors, including Edna St. Vincent Millay and Thornton Wilder. In 1935, Edward Aswell moved to Harper & Brothers as an assistant editor of general books and became editor-in-chief. Aswell persuaded Thomas Wolfe to leave Scribner's, after Wolfe's death, edited the posthumous novels The Web and the Rock, You Can't Go Home Again, The Hills Beyond. In 1962 Harper & Brothers merged with Row, Peterson & Company to become Harper & Row. Harper's religion publishing moved to San Francisco and became Harper San Francisco in 1977. Harper & Row acquired Thomas Y. Crowell Co. and J. B. Lippincott & Co. in the 1970s. Marshall Pickering was bought by Harper & Row in 1988. In 1988, Harper & Row purchased the religious publisher Zondervan. Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation acquired Harper & Row in 1987, William Collins, Sons in 1990.
The names of these two national publishing houses were combined to create HarperCollins, which has since expanded its international reach with further acquisitions of independent publishers. The Harper imprint began being used in place of HarperCollins in 2007. After the purchase of Harper & Row by News Corporation, HarperCollins launched a new mass market paperback line to complement its existing trade paperback Perennial imprint, it was known as Harper Paperbacks from 1990 to 2000, HarperTorch from 2000 to 2006, Harper from 2007 to the present. Harper & Row v. Nation Enterprises The Long Short Cut Brooks Thomas Books in the United States Jacob Abbott, The Harper Establishment, New York: Harper & Brothers, OCLC 6798043 Barnes, James J. "Edward Lytton Bulwer and the Publishing Firm of Harper & Brothers." American Literature: 35-48. In JSTOR D'Amato, Martina. "'The Harper Establishment'. Exman, Eugene; the brothers Harper: a unique publishing partnership and its impact upon the cultural life of America from 1817 to 1853 Eugene Exman, The House of Harper, NY: Harper & Row, OCLC 586430 J. Henry Harper, The House of Harper: a century of publishing in Franklin Square, New York: Harper Mellman, John A.
"The Harper Torchbooks Series: A History and Personal Assessment", publishinghistory.com. Harper & Brothers' List of Publications, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1859 Official website Official website The Harper Brothers Founders of Harper Brothers Publishing
Ottawa Public Library
The Ottawa Public Library is the library system of Ottawa, Canada. The library was founded in 1906 with a donation from the Carnegie Foundation. Information and reference services Access to full text databases Community information Reader's advisory services Programs for children and adults Delivery to homebound individuals Interlibrary loan The library provided Windows 95 computers to use with some preloaded applications such as Office 2000 and WordPerfect. In January 2005, it upgraded three branches to Windows XP; the rest received that operating system by April of that year. In March 2014, Windows 7 was rolled out and the software was upgraded to Office 2007, but WordPerfect is now absent. Children accounts are filtered, while adults have the option of choosing unfiltered or filtered Internet access, they added Wi-Fi hotspots at their branches. It is possible to obtain free downloadable e-books, Zinio magazines, audiobooks and MP3 music from the library. Prior to the twentieth century, Ottawa had a few reading rooms in hotel lobbies, some small fee-based libraries for working men such as the Bytown Mechanics' Institute, but no free place in which anyone could read.
The city's active Local Council of Women took up the cause of a free library for all. They announced, just before the election of 1896, that the mansion of George Perley, a local lumber baron, was donated in his will as a home for the library. However, the city voted down the motion to build a library, as well as another motion to build a firehall. Only in 1901, when letters were mailed to Andrew Carnegie. Carnegie replied that he would offer $100,000 to the city to build the library if they provided a site and a pledge of $7,500 a year to maintain it, they agreed in January 1903, within a few years the library was built and open to the public. The day after its official opening, in 1906, the original Carnegie library opened several hours than expected, because the mass of people who had come to the opening day left the entire library in complete disarray, had walked off with many items; the Main Library is located in Downtown Ottawa at the corner of Metcalfe Street and Laurier Avenue West, at the same spot as the original Carnegie library, although nothing remains of the original building but a stained glass window.
Several of the Corinthian columns from the old Carnegie library survive in the Rockeries in Rockcliffe Park, a rock garden maintained by the National Capital Commission. The library now has thirty-three branches spread throughout rural Ottawa. Before the City of Ottawa's amalgamation in 2001, which resulted in the merging of eleven separate municipal library systems, the Ottawa Public Library itself only had eight libraries, including Sunnyside and Rosemount. Today, the library is divided into district branches Nepean Centrepointe and Greenboro, community branches such as Sunnyside, Ruth E. Dickinson and Carlingwood and several rural branches. Patrons throughout the new city have benefited from the 2001 merger as they can now order items from another branch, return books to any branch in the city. Ordering items via the library website for pickup at a local branch has been popular, with over 5 million visitors to the website in 2007; the new system is centralized, which has meant a loss of decision-making power in many ways, including the choice of books for purchase and the old, local ways of running the smaller libraries.
Patrons can however suggest items for the library to purchase. The current CEO of OPL is Danielle McDonald; the OPL is governed by a board of nine part-time members appointed by the City of Ottawa, five city councillors and four members of the public. The Library is funded by the city through local tax revenues; some revenue comes from the province, traditional library sources of fees and fundraising. The library system has 91.7 % percent of which are books. The library has a large audio-visual collection including DVDs, CDs, downloadable books and music. Since Ottawa has a significant francophone population, a large portion of the collection is in French, with some branches such as Vanier working exclusively in French. Smaller collections offer a wide array of other languages, notably Chinese and Arabic. According to the latest Ontario library statistics, only the Toronto Public Library has larger holdings; the library hosts a full range of programming for both adults and children, with children's programming being popular.
There are 359 public internet stations and 79 electronic databases. The Library's two bookmobiles, which operated out of the Sunnyside branch for 50 years, stop at scheduled places throughout the city in an effort to reach areas without library branches. Many of these neighborhoods are poorer, more remote, or too far from a branch. During a funding crisis in 2004, the older bookmobile was nearly decommissioned, but it was kept in service with a second, new bookmobile added in 2005; the Bookmobile headquarters was moved to the new Greenboro District Library in June 2006. The large new Greenboro District Library, built in the city's growing South end, opened on June 7, 2006, replacing the Blossom Park Branch established by the former City of Gloucester. In recent years, numerous cities such as Vancouver and Salt Lake City, have had great success in constructing new central libraries as part of downtown revitalization efforts; these urban landmarks have created new civic spaces that both create community and are key component of an information society.
Accordingly, there is pressure for Ot
Washington County, Maryland
Washington County is located in the western part of the U. S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 147,430, its county seat is Hagerstown. Washington County was the first county in the United States to be named for the Revolutionary War general George Washington. Washington County is one of three Maryland counties recognized by the Appalachian Regional Commission as being part of Appalachia; the county borders southern Pennsylvania to the north, Northern Virginia to the south, the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia to the south and west. Washington County is included in the Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area; the western portions of the Province of Maryland were incorporated into Prince George's County in 1696. This original county included six current counties; the first to be created was Frederick, separated from Prince George's County in 1748. Following independence, the sovereign State of Maryland formed Washington County on September 6, 1776, by the division of Frederick County.
At the same time, a portion of Frederick County became part of the newly created Montgomery County along with portions from Prince George's County and Charles' County, was named for General Richard Montgomery. Washington County as created included land to become Allegany County and Garrett County. Washington County thus included the entire western part of the state. A number of properties in the county are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 467 square miles, of which 458 square miles is land and 9.6 square miles is water. Washington County is located in the Appalachian Mountains, stretching from the Ridge-and-Valley Country in the west to South Mountain in the east, an extension of the Blue Ridge. Much of the county lies in the broad Hagerstown Valley between these two zones; the county is bordered to the north by the Mason–Dixon line with Pennsylvania, to the south by the Potomac River and the states of Virginia and West Virginia, to the west by Sideling Hill Creek and Allegany County, to the east by Frederick County and South Mountain.
Fulton County, Pennsylvania Allegany County Morgan County, West Virginia Berkeley County, West Virginia Jefferson County, West Virginia Loudoun County, Virginia Frederick County Franklin County, Pennsylvania As of the census of 2010, there were 147,430 people, 49,726 households, 34,112 families residing in the county. The population density was 315 people per square mile. There were 52,972 housing units at an average density of 116 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.71% White or Caucasian, 7.77% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, 1.04% from two or more races. 1.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In the Census 2000, 32.1% identified as being of German ancestry, 21.4% American, 8.8% Irish, 8.4% English ancestry. There were 49,726 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.00% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.40% were non-families.
26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.96. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 31.30% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.00 males. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 147,430 people, 55,687 households, 37,506 families residing in the county; the population density was 322.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 60,814 housing units at an average density of 132.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 85.1% white, 9.6% black or African American, 1.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.1% from other races, 2.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.5% of the population.
In terms of ancestry, 31.7% were German, 14.1% were Irish, 9.8% were English, 8.5% were American, 5.1% were Italian. Of the 55,687 households, 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.6% were non-families, 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 39.7 years. The median income for a household in the county was $52,994 and the median income for a family was $65,811. Males had a median income of $47,622 versus $34,225 for females; the per capita income for the county was $26,588. About 7.7% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over. Hagerstown The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county: The county is located within Maryl