Electoral district of Gippsland South
The electoral district of Gippsland South is a Lower House electoral district of the Victorian Parliament. It is located within the Eastern Victoria Region of the Legislative Council. Gippsland South extends along the state's coast from Venus Bay to Loch Sport and includes the country Victorian towns of Foster, Leongatha, Mirboo North, Port Albert, Port Welshpool, Rosedale and Yarram; the electorate includes the southern parts of Wellington Shire. Industries include timber production and tourism. Dairying is the biggest agricultural contributor to the local economy. Natural features include Wilsons Promontory National Park, Corner Inlet, a number of lakes and islands along the coast and border, its area was defined by the 1858 Electoral Act as: "Commencing at the mouth of Merryman's Creek on the Ninety Mile Beach. It has never been won by the Labor Party, has been in the hands of the National Party for all but two terms since 1929. Sir Herbert Hyland held the seat for thirty years from 1929 until he died in office in 1970.
He held many portfolios in government including Transport, Chief Secretary, State Development, Labour and Transport and Prices. Hyland was knighted in 1952, elected leader of the parliamentary Country Party in 1955; the district is held by Nationals MP Danny O'Brien, who won the seat in a by-election in 2015 following the resignation of former Nationals leader Peter Ryan. A = now known as Merriman Creek Electorate profile: Gippsland South District, Victorian Electoral Commission
Australia the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area; the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north. The population of 25 million is urbanised and concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, its largest city is Sydney; the country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, it is documented. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day; the population grew in subsequent decades, by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Being the oldest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. Australia is a developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy.
It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks in quality of life, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism; the name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. When Europeans first began visiting and mapping Australia in the 17th century, the name Terra Australis was applied to the new territories.
Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 and subsequently anglicised. Terra Australis still saw occasional usage, such as in scientific texts; the name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who said it was "more agreeable to the ear, an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth". The first time that Australia appears to have been used was in April 1817, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie acknowledged the receipt of Flinders' charts of Australia from Lord Bathurst. In December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known by that name; the first official published use of the new name came with the publication in 1830 of The Australia Directory by the Hydrographic Office. Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under". Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", "the Wide Brown Land".
The latter two both derive from Dorothea Mackellar's 1908 poem "My Country". Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia; these first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal Australian culture is one of the oldest continual civilisations on earth. At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies. Recent archaeological finds suggest. Indigenous Australians have an oral culture with spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; the Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited s
Leongatha is a town in the foothills of the Strzelecki Ranges, South Gippsland Shire, Australia, located 135 kilometres south-east of Melbourne. The town is the civic, industrial, religious and sporting centre of the region. At the 2016 census, Leongatha had a population of 5,119; the Murray Goulburn Co-operative Co. Limited, is a farmers' co-operative which trades in Australia under the Devondale label, has a dairy processing plant just north of the town producing milk-based products for Australian and overseas markets. First settlement of the area by Europeans occurred in 1845; the Post Office opened as Koorooman on 1 October 1887 and renamed Leongatha in 1891 when a township was established on the arrival of the railway. The railway line from Melbourne reached the town in 1891, stimulated further settlement. Regular V/Line passenger operations on the line to the local railway station ceased in 1993; the town is located on the South Gippsland Highway. Leongatha was situated along the South Gippsland railway corridor that operated to its terminus at Yarram in the early 1980s and Leongatha in the mid 1990s.
A V/Line road coach service replaced the rail service on July 24, 1993, running between Melbourne and Yarram. However, since the closure of the South Gippsland rail line with the exception of the locally run tourist railway between Nyora and Leongatha by the Kennett Victorian government on December 14, 1994; the South and West Gippsland Transport Group represented by the local council are campaigning for the passenger and freight rail services to be reinstated beyond the current terminus at Cranbourne by the 2020s. The line beyond Leongatha is being used as a rail trail for public use and the former Wonthaggi line; the Dandenong to Cranbourne is being used by the Melbourne Suburban train company, while the section beyond Cranbourne - Nyora is in an unusable state for trains to operate. A second service runs from Traralgon to Wonthaggi. There is a third bus service running from Venus Bay, through Tarwin Lower and Koonwarra connecting with the V/Line services that depart from Leongatha; this is a trial service and will run for one year before a decision is made on whether or not to run the service permanently.
The Leongatha Airport serves general aviation. Leongatha is a major educational hub for South Gippsland, with Leongatha Secondary College, Leongatha Primary School, South Gippsland Specialist School and GippsTafe as well as St Lawrence's Catholic Primary School, Mary MacKillop Catholic Regional College and Chairo Christian School for Prep level to year 12; the Daffodil Festival is held annually in September. Competitions are held and many daffodil varieties are on display. A garden competition is held; the South Gippsland Railway runs historical diesel locomotives and railcars between Nyora and Leongatha, passing through Korumburra. As of 2016, the South Gippsland Railway has ceased operations; the railway line from Leongatha to Foster has been converted into the Great Southern Rail Trail, for the shared use of horse riding and cycling. The Great Southern Rail Trail is in the process of procuring finance to extend the trail as far as Yarram. At the present time the Wellington Shire have financed the first portion of the trail from Yarram to Alberton with the present Committee of Management intending to manage that portion in the foreseeable future.
The Rail Trail commences at the end of Parr Street with a car park planned for the future to assist with access to the trail. Walkers can access the trail from the children's park next to the old rail bridge in Leongatha at the end of Bair Street. Leongatha has a community theatre company, the "Lyric Theatre Company" that stages theatrical productions; the town has a medieval society, the "Leongatha Medieval Society", which re-enacts 14th-century weapons and fighting styles. The Medieval Society can be seen each month at Museum at Korumburra. For a rural Australian town, Leongatha has an unusually wide range of sports including: athletics, badminton, croquet, equestrian, golf, hockey, lawn bowls, martial arts, shooting, softball, swimming, table tennis and volleyball; the town's Australian Rules football club, the Leongatha Football Club, competes in the Gippsland Football League. Golfers play at the course of the Leongatha Golf Club on Inverloch-Koonwarra Road, Leongatha South, or at the course of the Woorayl Golf Club at the Recreation Reserve.
Community services include CFA, SES, ambulance. Other community organisations include Scouts, Girl Guides, Salvation Army Youth Corps; the town boasts a large YMCA complex plus a four theatre complex. Jarryd Roughead, Australian rules footballer with the Hawthorn Football Club and part owner of McCartins Hotel. Dyson Heppell, Australian rules footballer with the Essendon Football Club. Leongatha railway station Leongatha Community Website
Yinnar is a rural township located in the Latrobe Valley, in central Gippsland, Australia. At the 2006 census, Yinnar had a population of 585; the origin of the name Yinnar is believed to have been derived from the Aboriginal term yinnar, meaning "woman". Yinnar began its life as a part of Scrubby Forest Station at Middle Creek, which as its name implies, was pretty wooded, its southern section was quite mountainous, so its area of practical use was estimated as ten square miles. The first holders were Billy Hillier, they divided the station into two with Middle Creek being the line of division, Brown taking the western half and Hillier the eastern half. Billy's Creek was named after Billy Hillier, they held their leases from 1848 to 1868. George Firmin arrived at Middle Creek in 1874 and took over Scrubby Forest West, which he divided into what was known as the Scrubby Forest Run. Due to this the Firmin family are said to be the first settlers of Yinnar. Other early selectors on Scrubby Forest Run were Henry Wicks and John Quigley.
In 1885 George Firmin handed the license back to the Government so the farming areas were made available to selectors. The town was surveyed in May 1885 and two months one hundred allotments were auctioned to selectors at the offices of Mr Wicks' agents; the area called Middle Creek and Scrubby Forest became known as Yinnar in 1879. George Firmin's wife Maria and their eleven children came to live with him in the bark hut at the Scrubby Forest Run in 1898, they were the first family to live in Yinnar. Many of the first buildings in Yinnar were established in the 1880s by Mr. John Quigley and Mr. Henry Wicks, two of the early settlers in Yinnar; the buildings by Mr Quigley included Quigley's house, a store, a butcher's shop, a boarding house and a wine saloon. Mr Wicks was the builder of the first hotel. Despite many fires over the years some of the earlier buildings of Yinnar are still around today. On 2 December 1927 the State Electricity Commission of Victoria announced that a supply of electricity had been made available to the town of Yinnar.
Yinnar's arts community includes two art galleries in its main street. Arc Yinnar is an art resource collective which includes a large gallery featuring local and national artists, it includes large studio spaces for use by local artists. In a restored building over one hundred years old is the "Matchbox Gallery"; this gallery features numerous local artists and has been converted to include a Bed and breakfast. The Centenary Gardens located in Main Street, Yinnar were opened by William C. Welsh ESQ. J. P. on 10 March 1974 to commemorate the centenary of the arrival of the first settlers in the Yinnar district. The Centenary Garden includes the Railway Goods Shed, play equipment, picnic tables, barbecue area and public toilets; the CWA Park located in Main Street, Yinnar was named to commemorate the Country Women's Association golden jubilee. The Charles Bond Park is located in Wicks Street and contains a large grassed area and children's playground equipment. Located only fifteen minutes from the centre of town is the Morwell National Park in Yinnar South.
The walking tracks in the National Park have been improved by local volunteers and the Latrobe City Council. Located only five minutes from the centre of town is Hazelwood Pondage. A popular artificial lake with water the pondage is no longer heated with the power station closing down; the lake allows public access for sailing and other recreational water sports. The lake has a caravan park on its shores, a popular holiday spot during the warmer months. Yinnar is a popular tourist stop on the Strzelecki Trail known as tourism'Route 94'.'Route 94' marks the scenic drive through central Gippsland from the Latrobe Valley into the Strzelecki Ranges through villages such as Yinnar and Mirboo North, lakes and national parks such as Tarra Bulga National Park and Morwell National Park. The first store to be built in Yinnar was conducted as drapery, it was first owned by Mr John Quigley during the 1880s. Early on the store's sign read as "W. T. Sheffield, General Store Keeper and Draper" however it was known informally as Quigley's Store.
The general store was run by Mr John More and operated as a newsagency, during this time the store's sign read as "John More's General Store". The store was destroyed by fire on 26 March 1912; the fire broke out at 9:00pm in the rear of the store and spread to Robinson's Bakery and Mr Robinson's dwelling, next door. More's stock was insured in the Commercial Union Company for £1,000; the building, owned by the trustees of the estate of the late Mr T Walsh, was insured for £300. The current Yinnar General Store building, located at 44 main street, is one of only three brick buildings built in the town; the others being the Butchers Shop. The building was named the Universal Emporium. Mr John Hall had conducted D. C. Mills and Co. Pty. Ltd in Morwell which he purchased in 1894. An avenue of trees in Hazelwood Road, Morwell were planted as a monument to his memory. Universal Emporium was renamed the Vinning Bros.. General Store known as Federal Emporium. In September 1959, Geoff and Joan Mosley purchased the General Store with Ian and Winifred Jones, who went on to open the Churchill Newsagency.
The store was renamed the Yinnar General Store in 1959. The Yinnar General Store was purchased in late 1976 by Herb and Janette Smith who ran the store until c. 1984 when it was purchased by Wayne and Marg Bassee. In c. 1986 the sto
Yallourn, Victoria was a company town in Victoria, Australia built between the 1920s and 1950s to house employees of the State Electricity Commission of Victoria, who operated the nearby Yallourn Power Station complex. However, expansion of the adjacent open-cut brown coal mine led to the closure and removal of the town in the 1980s. Whilst the township no longer exists, at the 2006 census, the adjacent region classified as Yallourn had a population of 251. Mistakenly thought to have been designed by Walter Burley Griffin, who planned Canberra, Australia's capital city, the town was planned by A. R. La Gerche, the State Electricity Commission's Architect; the design of Yallourn incorporated lessons learnt from the early UK garden cities of Welwyn Garden City and Letchworth Garden City inspired by Ebenezer Howard. The design of Yallourn established a formal central square adjacent to the shopping area and a formal "Broadway" bounded by parks between the shopping area and railway station; the whole town area was surrounded by a green belt varying between native vegetation, open parkland and sporting and recreational complexes.
The majority of the land and buildings, with the exception of the churches and several minor properties, were owned by the S. E. C. V. Residents were charged below market rentals and the S. E. C. V. Adopted the role of paternalistic landlord in addition to its role as employer to the majority of the town's income earners; the conflicts this created caused continuing concern throughout the life of the town. For the majority of the town's life, citizen involvement was limited, residents being represented in their dealings with the S. E. C. V. by a Town Advisory Council, established in 1947. Houses within the town were constructed to a limited number of designs but these were varied by differing external detailing and surface finishes. A brick and tile manufacturing plant was built near the town and produced a characteristic terracotta roofing tile, used to clad most homes; the pitch of the roof structure and overhanging eaves remained similar throughout the town, providing a common theme without the sameness characteristic of English garden city developments.
The homes were placed on large plots of 1000 m2, the design brief from General Sir John Monash, the initial S. E. C. V. Chairman requiring that each plot should have sufficient land to permit the tenant to keep a horse and a garden; the town boasted outstanding public facilities many years in advance of similar rural or suburban communities of similar size, the majority funded by the S. E. C. V. A close community spirit developed within the town, in part through enthusiastic usage of the excellent facilities; the Yallourn railway line was opened to the town in January 1922 as a branch junctioning at Hernes Oak on the main Gippsland railway. The local railway station closed to passengers in the 1960s, with the line being used to haul briquettes from the Yallourn briquette factory; when the factory closed, the line was used to haul briquettes from the Morwell factory to Yallourn, as briquettes were used as the initial fuel when lighting the furnaces in the power station until enough steam was generated to dry the brown coal used as the main fuel.
Closure of the line occurred in 1986. Yallourn Post Office closed in 1980 when the town was removed. An earlier Yallourn Post Office opened in 1921 and was renamed Eastern Camp in 1923. Another Western Camp Post Office opened in 1924 and closed in 1968. At its peak the town's population reached 5000. However, in 1968 the S. E. C. decided to demolish the town to make way for further mining and by 1983 demolition was complete, the underlying brown coal reserves being used to feed the Yallourn W Power Station. Many of the people who were relocated from Yallourn built homes in Moe, Newborough, Yallourn North and other surrounding towns in the Latrobe Valley. Many of the houses from the town were removed, either to these nearby towns, or on occasions moved further afield; the timber framed buildings were reclad, although most retained their characteristic Yallourn tiled roof. The S. E. C. V. Developed some properties in small developments in nearby Newborough where Yallourn houses were removed and samples of the conversions that were possible were showcased.
These transplanted Yallourn homes remain popular with former Yallourn residents. Golfers play at the course of the Yallourn Golf Club on Golf Links Road in neighbouring Yallourn Heights. In 1951 Yallourn was the champion soccer club in the state of Victoria. In June 1952, during the 1952 VFL season, a senior Victorian Football League game was played at Yallourn Oval; the match was organised as part of an effort by the Australian National Football Council to promote the sport, the other matches in the round were played in Albury, Euroa and Sydney. The match in Yallourn still drew a crowd estimated at 3,500 people. Author, Gaele Sobott, was born in Yallourn. In 1974 the SEC made a living history documentary about Yallourn, Born to Die. In June 2008, the ABC Radio program Hindsight presented a two-hour radio documentary about the history of Yallourn, The Model Town and the Machine: A History of Yallourn; the Weddings, Anything song Industrial town is about Yallourn. The band's frontman Mick Thomas was born in Yallourn and lived there as a child, where his father worked for the SEC.
Edwards, Cecil. Brown Power. A jubilee history of the SECV. State Electricity Commission of Victoria. Gill, Herman (19
Grand Ridge Rail Trail
The Grand Ridge Rail Trail or Mirboo North to Boolarra Rail Trail is a 13 kilometre rail trail in the Strzelecki Ranges of west central Gippsland, connecting the towns of Mirboo North and Boolarra. The route follows the line of the former Mirboo North railway line for the entire distance. In February 2009, the trail was closed due to bushfires burning out two bridges. Since the bridges have been replaced and the trail has been re-opened with the official ceremony held in Feb 2012. Www.grandridgerailtrail.com.au Geographic data related to Grand Ridge Rail Trail at OpenStreetMap
Traralgon is a city located in the east of the Latrobe Valley in the Gippsland region of Victoria, Australia. The urban population of Traralgon at the 2016 census was 25,485, it is the largest and fastest growing city in the greater Latrobe Valley area, which has a population of 74,170 at June 2016 and is administered by the City of Latrobe. The origin of the name Traralgon is uncertain, it is popularly believed to be derived from words from the Gunai language: tarra meaning "river" and algon meaning "little fish". However, these words are not reflected in modern linguists' knowledge of the Gunai language, for example, the word for river is wun wun or wurn wurn; the Gippsland region was inhabited by the indigenous Gunai people for a period in excess of 2,000 years. The area around Traralgon was first settled by Europeans in the 1840s soon after being explored by Count Paweł Strzelecki on his return from the Snowy Mountains where he named Australia's highest peak, Mount Kosciuszko. Due to the Latrobe Valley having high rainfall, the land is fertile, farming was established.
As with much of central and western Gippsland, this was dairy farming. The township was established in the early 1860s, the first Post Office opening on 1 January 1861. In 1877 the railway line from Melbourne was completed with a railway station at Traralgon giving the town a major economic boost. Traralgon was part of the area administered by the Rosedale Roads Board, before the Shire of Traralgon was established in 1879. In the latter part of the 19th century the Shire grew strongly, it was not until the 1930s. In 1936 Australian Paper Manufacturers established a paper mill at Maryvale, around 8 kilometres from Traralgon. Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visited on 3 March 1954; the president of the Shire of Traralgon, Cr Clem Little met and welcomed the Queen, flown by the Royal Australian Air Force from Sale. She returned to Melbourne by train. In 1960 Traralgon's most famous son Sir Macfarlane Burnet jointly won the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine. In 1961 Traralgon formed its own borough, the Borough of Traralgon following a decade of lobbying to separate the urban areas of Traralgon from the Shire.
Traralgon was proclaimed a city in 1964. The old town hall and mechanics institute was demolished in 1973. Further development resulted from the expansion of the power generation industry following World War II through the now defunct State Electricity Commission of Victoria; this included large expansions at Yallourn and Hazelwood Power Stations and the construction of the massive Loy Yang Power Station in the 1970s and 1980s. The first Loy Yang power station was completed in 1985. An Australian Securities and Investments Commission information processing centre was established in the early 1990s, at the time employing around 400 people; the City of Traralgon and Shire of Traralgon continued a separate existence until they were amalgamated into the Shire of Latrobe in 1994. Completion of the Loy Yang power stations, extensive voluntary departures from the electricity industry and privatisation of the Victorian electricity industry in the early 1990s had devastating effects on the economy of the Latrobe Valley.
Traralgon, with a more diversified economy, suffered to a lesser extent than the neighbouring towns of Morwell and Moe both of which relied exclusively on the power stations for their livelihood. Traralgon grew in the mid 2000s, with a figure of 2.7% making it the largest and fastest growing city in the Latrobe Valley. Traralgon contains a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 161-165 Franklin Street: Traralgon Post Office and Court House Queens Parade: Traralgon Engine Shed and Turntable Victory Park, Mill Street: Azarole Hawthorn Tree Traralgon is situated on expansive flat land in the Traralgon Creek valley catchment between the Great Dividing Range in the north and the Strzelecki Ranges in the south; the Traralgon Creek runs through the city's centre and its green belt separates its eastern and western suburban areas. The urban area is hemmed to the south east by the Loy Yang Open Cut. Traralgon is part of the Latrobe Valley tri-city urban area, a small area of industry and agricultural land separates it from neighbouring Morwell.
Traralgon together with adjacent Morwell forms an urban area with an estimated population of 41,333 as at June 2016. In the decade ending 2016, the urban area has experienced a modest growth in population of 9.4%. Greater Traralgon includes localities such as Traralgon, the suburb of Traralgon East and the sparsely populated satellite localities of Hazelwood and Traralgon South to the south, Tyers and Glengarry to the north; the Traralgon central business district is centred around Seymour and Franklin Streets and includes an indoor shopping mall – Stockland Traralgon, however commercial and light industry sprawl along most of the eastern stretch of the Princes Highway. Notable heritage buildings include the Post Office and Courthouse erected in 1886 and Ryans Hotel erected in 1914, both in Franklin Street; the economy is driven by primary industry, natural resources and secondary industry including coal mining and fossil-fuel power generation for the National Electricity Market. Along with electricity production, Traralgon benefits from the mining for oil and natural gas in the nearby Bass Strait fields.
A significant forestry industry operates including logging of both plantation and natural forest timber, The largest paper mill in Australia is located nearby in Maryvale and provides local employment for over 2000 people. The local agriculture industry is involved in the production of wool and dairy products, a