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Boone, North Carolina

Boone is a town in and the county seat of Watauga County, North Carolina, United States. Located in the Blue Ridge Mountains of western North Carolina, Boone is the home of Appalachian State University; the population was 17,122 at the 2010 census. The town is named for famous American pioneer and explorer Daniel Boone, every summer since 1952 has hosted an outdoor amphitheatre drama, Horn in the West, portraying the British settlement of the area during the American Revolutionary War and featuring the contributions of its namesake, it is the largest community and the economic hub of the seven-county region of Western North Carolina known as the High Country. Boone took its name from the famous pioneer and explorer Daniel Boone, who on several occasions camped at a site agreed to be within the present city limits. Daniel's nephews and Jonathan, were members of the town's first church, Three Forks Baptist, still in existence today. Boone was served by the narrow gauge East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad until the flood of 1940.

The flood washed away much of the tracks and it was decided not to replace them. Boone is the home of Appalachian State University, a constituent member of the University of North Carolina. Appalachian State is the sixth largest university in the seventeen-campus system. Caldwell Community College & Technical Institute operates a satellite campus in Boone. "Horn in the West" is a dramatization of the life and times of the early settlers of the mountain area. It features Daniel Boone as one of its characters, has been performed in an outdoor amphitheater near the town every summer since 1952; the original actor in the role of "Daniel Boone" was Ned Austin. His "Hollywood Star" stands on a pedestal on King Street in downtown Boone, he was followed in the role by Glenn Causey, who portrayed the rugged frontiersman for 41 years, whose image is still seen in many of the depictions of Boone featured in the area today. Boone is notable for being home to the Junaluska community. Located in the hills just north of Downtown Boone, a free black community has existed in the area since before the Civil War.

Although integration in the mid-20th century led to many of the businesses in the neighborhood closing in favor of their downtown counterparts, descendants of the original inhabitants still live in the neighborhood. Junaluska is home to one of the few majority-African American Mennonite Brethren congregations. Boone is a center for Appalachian storytellers. Notable artists associated with Boone include the late, Grammy Award-winning bluegrass guitar player Doc Watson and the late guitarist Michael Houser, founding member of and lead guitarist for the band Widespread Panic, both Boone natives, as well as Old Crow Medicine Show, The Blue Rags, Eric Church; the Blair Farm, Daniel Boone Hotel, Jones House, John Smith Miller House, US Post Office-Boone are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Boone has an elevation of 3,333 feet above sea level. An earlier survey gave the elevation as 3,332 ft and since it has been published as having an elevation of 3,333 ft. Boone has the highest elevation of any town of its size east of the Mississippi River.

As such, Boone features, depending on the isotherm used, a humid continental climate, a rarity for the Southeastern United States, bordering on a subtropical highland climate and straddles the boundary between USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 6B and 7A. Compared to the lower elevations of the Carolinas, winters are long and cold, with frequent sleet and snowfall; the daily average temperature in January is 31.2 °F, which gives Boone a winter climate more similar to coastal southern New England rather than the Southeast, where a humid subtropical climate predominates. Blizzard-like conditions are not unusual during many winters. Summers are warm, but far cooler and less humid than lower regions to the south and east, with a July daily average temperature of 68.5 °F. Boone receives on average nearly 35 inches of snowfall annually, far higher than the lowland areas in the rest of North Carolina. On January 18, 1966, the temperature fell to −18 °F; as of the census of 2000, there were 13,472 people, 4,374 households, 1,237 families residing in the town.

The population density was 2,307.0 people per square mile. There were 4,748 housing units at an average density of 813.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 93.98% White, 3.42% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, 0.60% from two or more races. 1.64 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 4,374 households out of which 9.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 21.0% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 71.7% were non-families. 38.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.63. In the town, the population was spread out with 5.8% under 18, 65.9% from 18 to 24, 12.1% from 25 to 44, 9.1% from 45 to 64, 7.1% who were 65 or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females, there are 95.6 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males. The median income for a household in the town was $20,541, the median income for a family was $49,762; the per capita income was $12,25

LGBT rights in Mississippi

Lesbian, gay and transgender persons in the U. S. state of Mississippi face legal challenges and discrimination not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Same-sex sexual activity is legal in Mississippi, same-sex marriage is legal in accordance with the Supreme Court's decision in Obergefell v. Hodges. However, discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity is not banned statewide. Jackson, Mississippi's state capital, enacted such protections in June 2016. Mississippi is known for being a conservative state. A 2017 opinion poll showed that Mississippi is one of the only two states in the country where opposition to same-sex marriage outnumbers support. Additionally, the state has passed various religious freedom laws designed to protect religious beliefs, though these laws have been criticized for "giving religious people a license to discriminate" against LGBT people and have provoked both domestic and international backlash. Mississippi was the last state to allow same-sex couples to adopt relenting in May 2016 after a federal judge ruled the adoption ban unconstitutional.

Despite this reputation, opinion polls have reported a trend in support for LGBT rights and same-sex marriage, with a majority of Mississippi residents now favoring an anti-discrimination law covering sexual orientation and gender identity. Mississippi enacted its first criminal provision dealing with sodomy in 1839, defined via the common law; the law provided punishment of up to ten years' imprisonment for anal sex. It applied to private consensual activity. In 1937, in the first sodomy court case in the state, the Supreme Court of Mississippi held, in State v. Hill, that cunnilingus was not a "crime against nature" and thus not criminal. In 1942, the Mississippi Legislature authorized a recodification of state law with that power given to the Attorney General; the Attorney General changed the heading over the sodomy law from "crime against nature" to "unnatural intercourse". Due to this change, the Mississippi Supreme Court ruled in 1955 in State v. Davis that cases of fellatio could be prosecuted.

The sodomy law was upheld twice as constitutional by the Mississippi Supreme Court, first in State v. Mays in 1976 and in 1994 in Miller v. State. In 1995, the state passed a "sex offender registration law" requiring those convicted under the sodomy law to register their address with the sheriff and notify any change in address. Additionally, under a 1987 law, employers were permitted to ask the State Attorney General if a potential employee had committed a sex offense, including consensual sodomy. Same-sex sexual activity has been legal in Mississippi since 2003, when the United States Supreme Court struck down all state sodomy laws in the case of Lawrence v. Texas. On August 24, 1996, Governor Kirk Fordice issued an executive order banning same-sex marriage in the state. A statute banning same-sex marriage took effect on February 12, 1997. On November 4, 2004, voters approved a constitutional amendment that defined marriage as the union of one man and one woman. On November 25, 2014, Carlton W. Reeves, district judge of the U.

S. District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi, ruled Mississippi's ban on same-sex marriage unconstitutional, but stayed enforcement of his ruling until December 9. On December 4, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals issued a stay pending appeal. On June 29, 2015, following the ruling by the U. S. Supreme Court on June 26 in Obergefell v. Hodges that held bans on same-sex marriage unconstitutional, Attorney General Jim Hood informed the state's circuit clerks that they could issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples and that refusal to do so might invite lawsuits on the part of those denied licenses. Mississippi has been required to recognize adoption rights for same-sex couples since a federal court ruling in March 2016, which struck down a statutory ban on same-sex couples adopting children jointly; the following details the history of this process. Mississippi has always permitted adoption by an unmarried adult without regard to sexual orientation. Couples of the same gender were not able to adopt jointly as a result of the state adopting a law banning adoption and fostering by same-sex couples in 2000.

By 2015, Mississippi was the only state. In February 2013, Ronnie Musgrove, who as governor in 2000 had signed the ban, described how his views had changed and that the law "made it harder for an untold number of children to grow up in happy, healthy homes in Mississippi–and that breaks my heart". On August 12, 2015, the Campaign for Southern Equality, the Family Equality Council, four Mississippi same-sex couples filed a lawsuit challenging that ban in federal court, their complaint noted that as of 2014, 29% of Mississippi households headed by a same-sex-couple included children under the age of 18, the highest percentage in any U. S. state. On March 31, 2016, U. S. District Judge Daniel Jordan issued a preliminary injunction striking down Mississippi's ban on adoption rights for same-sex couples, declaring it unconstitutional. A spokeswoman for the state's Attorney General responded to the ruling by stating. Any appeal was considered unlikely to succeed; the ruling made Mississippi the 50th and final state in the United States to allow same-sex couples to have adoption rights.

The ban was declared dead on May 2, 2016 after a deadline passed at midnight for Mississippi officials to appeal the federal ruling. One of the plaintiffs, Susan Hrostowski along with her wife, Kathryn Garner, said: "I've been waiting 16 years to be able to adopt my son, so I'm overjoy

Christopher Kovacevich

Christopher Kovacevich was metropolitan bishop of Libertyville and Chicago in the Serbian Orthodox Church making him Primate of Serbian Orthodox Christians in America. He was the first American-born bishop to serve a diocese of the Serbian Church in North America. Metropolitan Christopher was born in Galveston, Texas into a family of Serbian immigrants from Montenegro, his baptismal and secular name was Velimir Kovacevich. After graduation from high school he attended Nashotah House, an Anglo-Catholic seminary of the Episcopal Church located in Nashotah and subsequently studied and graduated from St. Sava Serbian Orthodox Seminary in Libertyville, Illinois where he learned Serbian, he earned a B. A. and a Master of Letters at the University of Pittsburgh and a Master of Divinity from Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology, Massachusetts. He completed courses and examinations for a doctorate at the Chicago Theological Seminary. In life Metropolitan Christopher was awarded a Doctor of Divinity degree by Nashotah House.

After graduating from St. Sava Serbian Orthodox Seminary he married the late Milka Kovacevich and afterward was ordained to the diaconate and priesthood in 1951. During his parochial ministry he served Serbian Orthodox parishes in Johnstown and Chicago. While ministering to parishes in the Pennsylvania and Chicago areas, he served as chaplain at four local universities. Becoming a widower in 1970, he was elevated to the episcopate by the Bishops' Council of the Serbian Orthodox Church in Belgrade in 1978 and tonsured with the monastic name of Christopher, becoming the first American-born bishop to serve a diocese of the Serbian Church in North America. Upon the 70th anniversary of the Midwestern Diocese of the Serbian Orthodox Church in the United States in 1991, he was elevated to the rank of Metropolitan, making him the first metropolitan of the newly formed Metropolitanate of Midwestern America, thereby becoming the Primate of the Serbian Orthodox in America. In 2009, during the restructuring of the dioceses in the United States and Canada, the Metropolitanate of Midwestern America became the Metropolitanate of Libertyville-Chicago.

In May 2010 he served as secretary of the North American Episcopal Assembly of the Orthodox Church. Metropolitan Christopher frequently returned to the city of his birth to preside at weddings and baptisms at Saints Constantine and Helen Serbian Orthodox Church. Metropolitan Christopher died on August 18, 2010 in Libertyville, Illinois due to complications from bone and stomach cancer, he is interred in the Saint Sava Serbian Orthodox Monastery cemetery. Metropolitan Christopher of Libertyville-Chicago fell asleep in the Lord Memory Eternal! + Metropolitan Christopher

List of ecclesiastical restorations and alterations by J. L. Pearson

John Loughborough Pearson was an English architect whose works were ecclesiastical. He was born in Brussels and spent his childhood in Durham. Pearson started his architectural training under Ignatius Bonomi in Durham, becoming his principal assistant. In 1841 he left Bonomi, worked for George Pickering for a short time moved to London, where he lived for the rest of his life, he worked for five months with Anthony Salvin became principal assistant to Philip Hardwick assisting him in the design of buildings at Lincoln's Inn. Pearson's first individual design was for a small, simple church at Ellerker in the East Riding of Yorkshire; this led to other commissions in that part of the country, which allowed him to leave Hardwick and establish his own independent practice. Pearson designed many new churches during his career, ranging from small country churches to major churches in cities. Among the latter, St Augustine's Church in Kilburn, London, "may claim to be his masterpiece". Towards the end of his career he designed two new cathedrals, at Truro in Cornwall, Brisbane in Australia.

Pearson carried out work in existing churches, making additions and alterations, or undertaking restorations. Again, these works were from country churches to cathedrals. Pearson designed secular buildings, which ranged from schools and small houses, to large country houses, for example, Quarwood in Stow-on-the-Wold, Gloucestershire, he designed Two Temple Place in London, as an estate office for William Waldorf Astor. Pearson designed university buildings for Sidney Sussex College and Emmanuel College in Cambridge. Most of Pearson's buildings are in England, but he carried out work elsewhere, for example Treberfydd, a country house in Wales, Holy Trinity Church in Ayr, Scotland. Further afield, in addition to Brisbane Cathedral, he designed a cemetery chapel in Malta, his plans were always in Gothic Revival style, but in some buildings he used other styles, for example Tudor Revival at Two Temple Place, Jacobean at Lechlade Manor in Gloucestershire. In the cemetery chapel in Malta, he combined Romanesque Gothic Revival features.

Pearson was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1880. He had one son, Frank Loughborough Pearson, who worked with him as an assistant, completed some of his works after his father's death, continued in his own independent practice. Pearson was buried in Westminster Abbey, his estate amounted to over £53,000. This list contains Pearson's major works on existing ecclesiastical works, including all those in the National Heritage List for England. List of new ecclesiastical buildings by J. L. Pearson List of non-ecclesiastical works by J. L. Pearson Citations Sources


Sepiolinae is a subfamily of bobtail squid encompassing 5 genera and more than 30 species. Subfamily Sepiolinae Genus Euprymna Euprymna albatrossae Euprymna berryi, Double-ear Bobtail Euprymna brenneri Euprymna hoylei Euprymna hyllebergi Euprymna morsei, Mimika Bobtail Euprymna penares * Euprymna phenax Euprymna scolopes, Hawaiian Bobtail Squid Euprymna stenodactyla Euprymna tasmanica, Southern Dumpling Squid Genus Inioteuthis Inioteuthis capensis Inioteuthis japonica Inioteuthis maculosa Genus Rondeletiola Rondeletiola minor, Lentil Bobtail Genus Sepietta Sepietta neglecta, Elegant Bobtail Sepietta obscura Sepietta oweniana, Common Bobtail Sepietta petersi, Mysterious Bobtail Genus Sepiola Sepiola affinis, Anagolous Bobtail Sepiola atlantica, Atlantic Bobtail Sepiola aurantiaca, Golden Bobtail Sepiola birostrata, Butterfly Bobtail Sepiola intermedia, Intermediate Bobtail Sepiola knudseni Sepiola ligulata, Tongue Bobtail Sepiola parva Sepiola pfefferi * Sepiola robusta, Robust Bobtail Sepiola rondeleti, Dwarf Bobtail Sepiola rossiaeformis * Sepiola steenstrupiana, Steenstrup's Bobtail Sepiola trirostrata Sepiola sp.

Southern Bobtail Squid CephBase: Sepiolinae

Corfield v. Coryell

Corfield v. Coryell is a landmark 1823 federal circuit court case decided by Justice Bushrod Washington, sitting by designation as a judge for the U. S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. In it, he upheld a New Jersey regulation forbidding non-residents from gathering oysters and clams against a challenge that New Jersey's law violated the Article IV Privileges and Immunities Clause and that the New Jersey law regulated interstate commerce in violation of the Commerce Clause; the most-cited aspect of Corfield v. Coryell is Justice Washington's listing of the "privileges and immunities" enjoyed by citizens of the United States: The inquiry is, what are the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states? We feel no hesitation in confining these expressions to those privileges and immunities which are, in their nature, fundamental. What these fundamental principles are, it would be more tedious than difficult to enumerate, they may, however, be all comprehended under the following general heads: Protection by the government.

The right of a citizen of one state to pass through, or to reside in any other state, for purposes of trade, professional pursuits, or otherwise. These, many others which might be mentioned, are speaking and immunities, the enjoyment of them by the citizens of each state, in every other state, was manifestly calculated "the better to secure and perpetuate mutual friendship and intercourse among the people of the different states of the Union." The well-known passage from Corfield was quoted in reference to the first section of the Fourteenth Amendment, during congressional debates on the Amendment, for an indication of what the judiciary had interpreted the phrase "privileges and immunities" to mean as it stood in the original Constitution, but there is substantial evidence to the effect that some congressmen, at the time the Fourteenth Amendment was passed, did not accept Justice Washington's reading of the term. Justice Washington's assessment is cited by those who advocate a broader reading of the Fourteenth Amendment Privileges or Immunities Clause than the Supreme Court gave in the Slaughter-House Cases.

Sohappy v. Smith Link to Case from Gerard. "Not King Tut’s Tomb, But...", Concurring Opinions, discussing Justice Bushrod Washington's notes on Corfield v. Coryell at the Chicago History Museum