J. Proctor Knott
James Proctor Knott was a U. S. Representative from Kentucky and served as the 29th Governor of Kentucky from 1883 to 1887, born in Kentucky, he moved to Missouri in 1850 and began his political career there. He served as Missouri Attorney General from 1859 to 1861, when he resigned rather than swear an oath of allegiance to the government just prior to the outbreak of the Civil War. Knott was disbarred and briefly imprisoned for his refusal to take the oath of allegiance and he returned to Kentucky in 1863 and was elected to the U. S. House of Representatives. In 1871, he made a notable speech ridiculing a bill to subsidize westward expansion of railroads, in the speech, he lampooned the remote town of Duluth, Minnesota. The Duluth speech was eventually reprinted in publications and brought Knott national acclaim. He did not stand for re-election in 1870, instead making a run for the office of governor. In 1875, he returned to the House and served as chair of the judiciary committee, in 1883, Knott left Congress and made a successful run for governor.
He secured major reforms in education, but was stymied in his pursuit of tax reform, after his term as governor, he was a delegate to the states constitutional convention in 1891. In 1892, he became a professor at Centre College in Danville, Kentucky and he served as dean of the law school until an illness forced him to retire in 1902. He died at his home in Lebanon, Kentucky on June 18,1911, J. Proctor Knott was born in Raywick, Marion County, Kentucky on August 29,1830. He was the son of Joseph Percy and Maria Irvine Knott and he was tutored by his father from an early age, and attended public school in Marion and Shelby counties. In 1846, he began to study law, in May 1850, he relocated to Memphis, where he was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in 1851. He served in the offices of the court and county clerks. Knott married Mary E. Forman on November 17,1852, Forman died during the birth of the couples first child in August 1853. On January 14,1858, Knott married his cousin, Sarah R.
McElroy, Knotts political career began in 1857 when he was elected to represent Scotland County in the Missouri House of Representatives. He served as chair of the committee and conducted the impeachment hearings against Judge Albert Jackson. Knott resigned his seat in the legislature in August 1858 to accept Governor Robert M. Stewarts appointment to fill the term of Missouris attorney general
Duluth /dəˈluːθ/ is a major port city in the U. S. state of Minnesota and the county seat of Saint Louis County. Duluth has a population of 86,110 and is the second-largest city on Lake Superiors shores, after Thunder Bay, Ontario, in Canada, the Duluth MSA had a population of 279,771 in 2010, the second-largest in Minnesota. Duluth forms an area with neighboring Superior, called the Twin Ports. The cities share the Duluth–Superior harbor and together are the Great Lakes largest port, transporting coal, iron ore, the city is the starting point for vehicle trips along Minnesotas North Shore. The city is named for Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut, the Anishinaabe, known as the Ojibwe or Chippewa, have inhabited the Lake Superior region for more than 500 years. They were preceded by the Dakota, Menominee, Nipigon and Gros Ventre peoples, after the arrival of Europeans, the Anishinaabe found a niche as the middlemen between the French fur traders and other Native peoples. They soon became the dominant Indian nation in the region, forcing out the Dakota Sioux and Fox, by the mid-18th century, the Ojibwe occupied all of Lake Superiors shores.
For both the Ojibwe and the Dakota, interaction with Europeans during the period revolved around the fur trade. The Ojibwe are historically known for their crafting of birch bark canoes, use of arrow points. In 1745, they adopted guns from the British for use against the Dakota nation of the Sioux, the Ojibwe Nation was the first to set the agenda with European-Canadian leaders for signing more detailed treaties before many European settlers were allowed too far west. Duluths name in Ojibwe is Onigamiinsing, a reference to the small, the Stopping Places were the places the Native Americans occupied during their westward migration as the Europeans overran their territory. Several factors brought fur traders to the Great Lakes in the early 17th century, the fashion for beaver hats in Europe generated demand for pelts. Étienne Brûlé is credited with the European discovery of Lake Superior before 1620, pierre-Esprit Radisson and Médard des Groseilliers explored the Duluth area, Fond du Lac in 1654 and again in 1660.
The French soon established fur posts near Duluth and in the far north where Grand Portage became a trading center. The French explorer Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut, whose name is anglicized as DuLuth. The first post was where Superior, developed, known as Fort Saint Louis, the post became the headquarters for North Wests new Fond du Lac Department. It had stockaded walls, two houses of 40 feet each, a shed of 60 feet, a warehouse. Over time, Indian peoples and European Americans settled nearby, in 1808, the American Fur Company was organized by German-born John Jacob Astor
Canada is a country in the northern half of North America. Canadas border with the United States is the worlds longest binational land border, the majority of the country has a cold or severely cold winter climate, but southerly areas are warm in summer. Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its territory being dominated by forest and tundra. It is highly urbanized with 82 per cent of the 35.15 million people concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, One third of the population lives in the three largest cities, Toronto and Vancouver. Its capital is Ottawa, and other urban areas include Calgary, Quebec City, Winnipeg. Various aboriginal peoples had inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Pursuant to the British North America Act, on July 1,1867, the colonies of Canada, New Brunswick and this began an accretion of provinces and territories to the mostly self-governing Dominion to the present ten provinces and three territories forming modern Canada.
With the Constitution Act 1982, Canada took over authority, removing the last remaining ties of legal dependence on the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II being the head of state. The country is officially bilingual at the federal level and it is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Its advanced economy is the eleventh largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources, Canadas long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. Canada is a country and has the tenth highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the ninth highest ranking in the Human Development Index. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, Canada is an influential nation in the world, primarily due to its inclusive values, years of prosperity and stability, stable economy, and efficient military.
While a variety of theories have been postulated for the origins of Canada. In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona, from the 16th to the early 18th century Canada referred to the part of New France that lay along the St. Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named The Canadas, until their union as the British Province of Canada in 1841. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the name for the new country at the London Conference. The transition away from the use of Dominion was formally reflected in 1982 with the passage of the Canada Act, that year, the name of national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day
In politics and economics, a Potemkin village is any construction built solely to deceive others into thinking that a situation is better than it really is. The term comes from stories of a fake portable village, built only to impress Empress Catherine II during her journey to Crimea in 1787, Grigory Potemkin was a favorite lover of the Russian Empress Catherine II. After the Russian annexation of Crimea from the Ottoman Empire and liquidation of the Zaporozhian Sich, the region had been devastated by the war, Potemkins major tasks were to rebuild it and bring in Russian settlers. In 1787, as a new war was about to break out between Russia and the Ottoman Empire, Catherine II with her court and several ambassadors made an unprecedented trip to New Russia. The purpose of this trip was to impress Russias allies prior to the war, to help accomplish this, Potemkin set up mobile villages on the banks of the Dnieper River. As soon as the carrying the Empress and ambassadors arrived, Potemkins men, dressed as peasants.
Once the barge left, the village was disassembled, rebuilt downstream overnight, modern historians are divided on the degree of truth behind the Potemkin village story, and some writers argue that the story is an exaggeration. Some historians dismiss it as rumors spread by Potemkins opponents. These historians argue that Potemkin did mount efforts to develop the Crimea, aleksandr Panchenko, an established specialist on 19th-century Russia, used original correspondence and memoirs to conclude that the Potemkin villages are a myth. He writes, Based on the above said we must conclude that the myth of Potemkin villages is exactly a myth and he writes that Potyomkin indeed decorated cities and villages, but made no secret that this was a decoration. The close relationship between Potemkin and the empress would make it difficult for him to deceive her, the deception would have been mainly directed towards the foreign ambassadors accompanying the imperial party. Regardless, Potemkin had supervised the building of fortresses, ships of the line, and thriving settlements, according to these historians, the claims of deception were part of a defamation campaign against Potemkin.
It was meant to prove that the area was not under Japanese domination, whether the farce succeeded is moot, Japan withdrew from the League the following year. It ultimately served as a way-station to Auschwitz-Birkenau, henry A. Wallace visited a Soviet slave labor camp in Magadan in 1944 and believed that the prisoners were volunteers. In 1998, the energy services company Enron built and maintained a trading floor on the 6th story of its downtown Houston headquarters. The trading floor was used to impress Wall Street analysts attending Enrons annual shareholders meeting and even included rehearsals conducted by Enron executives Kenneth Lay and Jeffrey Skilling. In 2010,22 vacant houses in a part of Cleveland, USA, were disguised with fake doors and windows painted on the plywood panels used to close them up. A similar program has been undertaken in Chicago and in Detroit during the World Series festivities in 1984, in 2013 before Vladimir Putins visit to Suzdal some old and half-ruined houses in the city center were covered with large posters with doors and windows printed on them
Main Street (novel)
Main Street is a satirical novel written by Sinclair Lewis, and published in 1920. Carol Milford is a liberal, free-spirited young woman, reared in Saint Paul and she marries Will Kennicott, a doctor, who is a small-town boy at heart. When they marry, Will convinces her to live in his home-town of Gopher Prairie, Minnesota, a town modeled on Sauk Centre, Carol is appalled at the backwardness of Gopher Prairie. But her disdain for the towns physical ugliness and smug conservatism compels her to reform it and she speaks with its members about progressive changes, joins womens clubs, distributes literature, and holds parties to liven up Gopher Prairies inhabitants. Despite her friendly but ineffective efforts, she is derided by the leading cliques. She finds comfort and companionship outside her social class, but these companions are taken from her one by one, in her unhappiness, Carol leaves her husband and moves for a time to Washington, D. C. but she eventually returns. Nevertheless, Carol does not feel defeated, I do not admit that Main Street is as beautiful as it should be, I do not admit that Gopher Prairie is greater or more generous than Europe. I do not admit that dish-washing is enough to all women. I may not have fought the fight, but I have kept the faith.
Some of Lewiss contemporaries said the novel was too bleak, even humorless, in its conveyance of ignorant small-town life, Main Street is generally considered to be Lewiss most significant and enduring work, along with its 1922 successor Babbitt. Some small-town residents resented their portrayal and the book was banned by the library of Alexandria. Because of the popularity acquired by Lewis and his book, high-school teams from his hometown of Sauk Centre and this name was essentially given to the town by the nearby towns at school events. The Sauk Centre High School still goes by the name in a tribute to Lewis, the story is set in Gopher Prairie, Minnesota, a fictionalized version of Sauk Centre, Lewiss hometown. The novel takes place in the 1910s, with references to the start of World War I, the United States entry into the war, and the years following the end of the war, including the start of Prohibition. Main Street was initially awarded the 1921 Pulitzer Prize for literature, but was rejected by the Board of Trustees, the prize went, instead, to Edith Wharton for The Age of Innocence.
In 1926 Lewis refused the Pulitzer when he was awarded it for Arrowsmith, in 1930, Lewis was the first American ever awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. In the Nobel committees presentation speech, both Main Street and Arrowsmith were cited, the prize was awarded. for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humour, new types of characters. In 1998, the Modern Library ranked Main Street #68 on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century, Main Street — the iconic street in small town America Main Street at Project Gutenberg Main Street public domain audiobook at LibriVox
A novel is any relatively long piece of written narrative fiction, normally in prose, and typically published as a book. The genre has described as possessing, a continuous. This view sees the novels origins in Classical Greece and Rome, early modern romance, the latter, an Italian word used to describe short stories, supplied the present generic English term in the 18th century. The romance is a closely related long prose narrative, Romance, as defined here, should not be confused with the genre fiction love romance or romance novel. Other European languages do not distinguish between romance and novel, a novel is le roman, der Roman, il romanzo, a novel is a long, fictional narrative which describes intimate human experiences. Most European languages use the word romance for extended narratives, fictionality is most commonly cited as distinguishing novels from historiography. However this can be a problematic criterion, historians would invent and compose speeches for didactic purposes. Novels can, on the hand, depict the social and personal realities of a place and period with clarity.
Even in the 19th century, fictional narratives in verse, such as Lord Byrons Don Juan, Alexander Pushkins Yevgeniy Onegin, vikram Seths The Golden Gate, composed of 590 Onegin stanzas, is a more recent example of the verse novel. Both in 12th-century Japan and 15th-century Europe, prose fiction created intimate reading situations, on the other hand, verse epics, including the Odyssey and Aeneid, had been recited to a select audiences, though this was a more intimate experience than the performance of plays in theaters. A new world of Individualistic fashion, personal views, intimate feelings, secret anxieties and gallantry spread with novels, the novel is today the longest genre of narrative prose fiction, followed by the novella, short story, and flash fiction. However, in the 17th century critics saw the romance as of epic length, the length of a novel can still be important because most literary awards use length as a criterion in the ranking system. Urbanization and the spread of printed books in Song Dynasty China led to the evolution of oral storytelling into consciously fictional novels by the Ming dynasty, parallel European developments did not occur for centuries, and awaited the time when the availability of paper allowed for similar opportunities.
By contrast, Ibn Tufails Hayy ibn Yaqdhan and Ibn al-Nafis Theologus Autodidactus are works of didactic philosophy, in this sense, Hayy ibn Yaqdhan would be considered an early example of a philosophical novel, while Theologus Autodidactus would be considered an early theological novel. Epic poetry exhibits some similarities with the novel, and the Western tradition of the novel back into the field of verse epics. Then at the beginning of the 18th century, French prose translations brought Homers works to a wider public, longus is the author of the famous Greek novel and Chloe. Romance or chivalric romance is a type of narrative in prose or verse popular in the circles of High Medieval. In romances, particularly those of French origin, there is a tendency to emphasize themes of courtly love
A town is a human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city. The size definition for what constitutes a town varies considerably in different parts of the world, the word town shares an origin with the German word Zaun, the Dutch word tuin, and the Old Norse tun. The German word Zaun comes closest to the meaning of the word. An early borrowing from Celtic *dunom, in English and Dutch, the meaning of the word took on the sense of the space which these fences enclosed. In England, a town was a community that could not afford or was not allowed to build walls or other larger fortifications. In the Netherlands, this space was a garden, more specifically those of the wealthy, in Old Norse tun means a place between farmhouses, and is still used in a similar meaning in modern Norwegian. If there was any distinction between toun and burgh as claimed by some, it did not last in practice as burghs, for example, Edina Burgh or Edinburgh was built around a fort and eventually came to have a defensive wall.
In some cases, town is a name for city or village. Sometimes, the town is short for township. A places population size is not a determinant of urban character. In many areas of the world, as in India at least until recent times, in the United Kingdom, there are historical cities that are far smaller than the larger towns. Some forms of settlement, such as temporary mining locations, may be clearly non-rural. Towns often exist as governmental units, with legally defined borders. In the United States these are referred to as incorporated towns, in other cases the town lacks its own governance and is said to be unincorporated. Note that the existence of a town may be legally set forth through other means. In the case of planned communities, the town exists legally in the form of covenants on the properties within the town. Australian geographer Thomas Griffith Taylor proposed a classification of towns based on their age, although there is no official use of the term for any settlement. In Albanian qytezë means small city or new city, while in ancient times small residential center within the walls of a castle
Also, the business of real estate, the profession of buying, selling, or renting land, buildings or housing. It is a term used in jurisdictions whose legal system is derived from English common law, such as India, the United Kingdom, United States, Pakistan, Australia. Residential real estate may contain either a family or multifamily structure. Residences can be classified by, if, and how they are connected to neighbouring residences, different types of housing tenure can be used for the same physical type. For example, connected residents might be owned by an entity and leased out. Major categories in North America and Europe Attached / multi-unit dwellings Apartment or Flat – An individual unit in a multi-unit building, the boundaries of the apartment are generally defined by a perimeter of locked or lockable doors. Often seen in apartment buildings. Multi-family house – Often seen in multi-story detached buildings, where each floor is an apartment or unit. Terraced house – A number of single or multi-unit buildings in a row with shared walls.
Condominium – Building or complex, similar to apartments, owned by individuals, common grounds and common areas within the complex are owned and shared jointly. There are townhouse or rowhouse style condominiums as well, semi-detached dwellings Duplex – Two units with one shared wall. Single-family detached house Portable dwellings Mobile homes – Potentially a full-time residence which can be movable on wheels, houseboats – A floating home Tents – Usually very temporary, with roof and walls consisting only of fabric-like material. The size of an apartment or house can be described in square feet or meters, in the United States, this includes the area of living space, excluding the garage and other non-living spaces. It can be described roughly by the number of rooms. A studio apartment has a bedroom with no living room. A one-bedroom apartment has a living or dining room separate from the bedroom, Two bedroom, three bedroom, and larger units are common. Major categories in India and the Asian Subcontinent Co-operative Housing Societies Condominiums Chawls Villas Havelis The size is measured in Gaz, Marla and acre.
See List of house types for a listing of housing types and layouts, real estate trends for shifts in the market
Babbitt, by Sinclair Lewis, is a satirical novel about American culture and society that critiques the vacuity of middle-class life and the social pressure toward conformity. The controversy provoked by Babbitt was influential in the decision to award the Nobel Prize in literature to Lewis in 1930, the word Babbitt entered the English language as a person and especially a business or professional man who conforms unthinkingly to prevailing middle-class standards. After the social instability and sharp economic depression that emerged in the wake of World War I, many Americans in the 1920s saw business and city growth as foundations for stability. At the same time, growing Midwestern cities, usually associated with mass production, George F. Babbitt, the novels main character, is described by the 1930 Nobel Prize committee as the ideal of an American popular hero of the middle-class. Lewis has been compared to many authors, writing before and after the publication of Babbitt, written decades later, in 1950, David Riesmans The Lonely Crowd has been compared to Lewiss writings.
Zenith is a typical midsize Midwestern city, Lewis was very critical of the similarities between most American cities, especially when compared to the diverse—and by his lights, culturally richer—cities of Europe. Frowning on the qualities of American cities, he wrote, it would not be possible to write a novel which would in every line be equally true to Munich. This is not true of Zenith, Babbitts literary home, Zenith is a fictitious city in the equally fictitious Midwestern state of Winnemac, adjacent to Ohio, Indiana and Michigan. When Babbitt was published, newspapers in Cincinnati, Kansas City, Cincinnati had perhaps the strongest claim, as Lewis had lived there while researching the book. Lewiss own correspondence suggests, that Zenith is meant to be any Midwestern city with a population between about 200,000 and 300,000, while conducting research for Babbitt, Lewis kept detailed journals, in which he drafted long biographies for each of his characters. For his title character this biography even included a detailed genealogy, zeniths major names and families are well-documented in these journals, and many of them emerge again in Lewiss writings.
Zeniths layout is imagined in careful detail, Lewis drew a series of 18 maps of Zenith and outlying areas, including Babbitts house, with all its furnishings. As much as Babbitt is about the American businessman, it is about American cities, zeniths chief virtue is conformity, and its religion is boosterism. As a realtor, George Babbitt knows well the virtues of his home city, Zenith is thus presented as more than simply prosperous, it is safe and wholesome. Lewis has been criticized and congratulated for his unorthodox writing style in Babbitt. One reviewer said There is no plot whatever, Babbitt simply grows two years older as the tale unfolds. Lewis presents a series of scenes in the life of his title character. Each item Babbitt encounters is explained, from the alarm clock, which Babbitt sees as a marker of social status, to the rough camp blanket
In law, puffery is a promotional statement or claim that expresses subjective rather than objective views, which no reasonable person would take literally. Puffery serves to puff up an image of what is being described and is especially featured in testimonials. The manufacturers had paid for advertising stating that £100 would be paid in such circumstances failed to follow this promise, part of their defence was that such a statement was mere puff and not meant to be taken seriously. The FTC stated in 1984 that puffery does not warrant enforcement action by the Commission, the Finest Fried Chicken in the World. Puff piece is an idiom for a form of puffery. The financial relationship between the company or entertainment firm and the reviewer is not always as obvious as a cash payment. In some cases, a group of reviewers may be given an exclusive invitation to test-drive a new sports car or see a new film before it is released. A particular use for puff pieces may be in health journalism, recruiting health journalists to write puff pieces may be a lucrative way to build the reputation of a product that has no effect
Advertising is an audio or visual form of marketing communication that employs an openly sponsored, nonpersonal message to promote or sell a product, service or idea. Sponsors of advertising are often businesses who wish to promote their products or services, Advertising is differentiated from public relations in that an advertiser usually pays for and has control over the message. It is differentiated from personal selling in that the message is nonpersonal, the actual presentation of the message in a medium is referred to as an advertisement or ad. Commercial ads often seek to generate increased consumption of their products or services through branding, on the other hand, ads that intend to elicit an immediate sale are known as direct response advertising. Non-commercial advertisers who spend money to advertise items other than a product or service include political parties, interest groups, religious organizations. Non-profit organizations may use free modes of persuasion, such as a service announcement.
Advertising may be used to reassure employees or shareholders that a company is viable or successful, in 2015, the world spent an estimate of US$592.43 billion on advertising. Its projected distribution for 2017 is 40. 4% on TV,33. 3% on digital, the largest advertising conglomerates are Interpublic, Publicis, and WPP. In Latin, ad vertere means to turn toward, egyptians used papyrus to make sales messages and wall posters. Commercial messages and political campaign displays have been found in the ruins of Pompeii and found advertising on papyrus was common in ancient Greece and ancient Rome. Wall or rock painting for commercial advertising is another manifestation of an ancient advertising form, which is present to this day in many parts of Asia, the tradition of wall painting can be traced back to Indian rock art paintings that date back to 4000 BC. In ancient China, the earliest advertising known was oral, as recorded in the Classic of Poetry of bamboo flutes played to sell candy, advertisement usually takes in the form of calligraphic signboards and inked papers.
Fruits and vegetables were sold in the city square from the backs of carts and wagons, the first compilation of such advertisements was gathered in Les Crieries de Paris, a thirteenth-century poem by Guillaume de la Villeneuve. In the 18th century advertisements started to appear in newspapers in England. However, false advertising and so-called quack advertisements became a problem, thomas J. Barratt from London has been called the father of modern advertising. Working for the Pears Soap company, Barratt created an advertising campaign for the company products. One of his slogans, Good morning, have you used Pears soap. was famous in its day and into the 20th century. Barratt introduced many of the ideas that lie behind successful advertising
Pierre Francis de Marigny Berton, CC OOnt was a noted Canadian author of non-fiction, especially Canadiana and Canadian history, and was a well-known television personality and journalist. An accomplished storyteller, Berton was one of Canadas most prolific and he wrote on popular culture, Canadian history, critiques of mainstream religion, childrens books and historical works for youth. He was a founder of the Writers Trust of Canada, Bertons 50 books became popular because his light and fast-paced style was not weighted down by footnotes or deep probes into primary sources. Stacey in 1980, said Berton demonstrated his skill as an anecdotalist, or storyteller and his two-volume documentation on the War of 1812, running 928 pages, was republished in 2011 as Pierre Bertons War of 1812. He was born on July 12,1920, in Whitehorse and his family moved to Dawson City, Yukon in 1921. His mother, Laura Beatrice Berton was a teacher in Toronto until she was offered a job as a teacher in Dawson City at the age of 29 in 1907.
She met Frank Berton in the mining town of Granville shortly after settling in Dawson. Bertons family moved to Victoria, British Columbia in 1932, at age 12 he joined the Scout Movement and wrote that The Scout Movement was the making of me. He credited Scouting with keeping him from becoming a juvenile delinquent and he started his journalism career in scouting and wrote that the ﬁrst newspaper I was ever associated with was a weekly typewritten publication issued by the Seagull Patrol of St. Mary’s Troop. He remained in scouting for seven years and wrote about his experiences in an article titled My Love Affair with the Scout Movement. Like his father, Pierre Berton worked in Klondike mining camps during his years as a major at the University of British Columbia. He spent his early career in Vancouver, where at 21 he was the youngest city editor on any Canadian daily. He elected to go Active and his aptitude was such that he was appointed Lance Corporal and attended NCO school, due to a background in university COTC and inspired by other citizen-soldiers who had been commissioned, he sought training as an officer.
Berton spent the several years attending a variety of military courses, becoming, in his words. He was warned for overseas duty many times, and was granted embarkation leave many times, in the UK, he was told that he would have to requalify as an IO because the syllabus in the UK was different from that in the intelligence school in Canada. By the time Berton had requalified, the war in Europe had ended and he volunteered for the Canadian Army Pacific Force, granted a final embarkation leave, and found himself no closer to combat employment by the time the Japanese surrendered in September 1945. In 1947 he went on an expedition to the Nahanni River with pilot Russ Baker, Bertons account for the Vancouver Sun was picked up by International News Service, making him a noted adventure-travel writer. Berton moved to Toronto in 1947, at the age of 31 he was named managing editor of Macleans