1998 Queensland state election
Elections were held in the Australian state of Queensland on 13 June 1998 to elect the 89 members of the state's Legislative Assembly. The result of the election was a second consecutive hung parliament, with the Labor Party forming minority government after receiving the support of independent Peter Wellington; this election was the first in which One Nation supporters were elected to state Parliament, with the controversial party winning 11 seats. With nearly 23% of the vote, One Nation gained a higher percentage of the vote than any other third party at the state or territory level since Federation; this was the only election at which a third party gained more votes than both the Liberal Party and the National Party considered separately. Unlike in previous elections, no attempt was made to calculate the statewide two-party preferred vote, because the One Nation vote was so high that any 2PP result would have been meaningless. A few months after the election, the One Nation member for Mulgrave, Charles Rappolt resigned.
Labor won the ensuing by-election. The fact that the Coalition Government came to office as a direct result of the 1996 Mundingburra by-election instead of the general election the previous year, as well as its failure to win in its own right at the 1998 election, meant that the 1998 election was the fourth consecutive election victory for the Queensland Branch of the ALP, which had won every election since 1989; the previous state election had resulted in one of the narrowest margins of any Australian election. The Coalition won a slim majority of the two-party vote. However, the Coalition's majority was wasted on massive landslides in its rural heartland, while Labor won 31 seats in Brisbane. Labor Premier Wayne Goss' government thus clung to life by a single seat; this was brought undone when the Court of Disputed Returns ordered a new election in the disputed seat of Mundingburra, which the Liberals won on a modest swing. The balance of power rested with newly elected Independent MLA Liz Cunningham, who announced her support for the Coalition.
Goss resigned, Nationals leader Rob Borbidge was appointed as Premier. The Borbidge government's popularity suffered in the part of its term due to the federal Howard government's GST plans. Seeking to create a more definite majority, Borbidge called a new election on 19 May 1998. Although early polling showed the government to be competitive with Labor, led by Peter Beattie polls saw Labor gain a substantial lead. However, the debate between the two parties was sidelined by One Nation's emerging support. Formed in 1997 by federal Independent MP for Oxley Pauline Hanson, One Nation gained significant support on a platform of economic nationalism, anti-immigration sentiments and opposition to native title, its platform was well received in the Nationals' heartland of rural Queensland. One Nation stood candidates in 79 seats, all political novices; the issue of preference allocations to One Nation, under Queensland's optional preferential voting system, became a major campaign issue, with eventual poor results for the Liberals attributed to opposition from many of their traditional voters over their decision not to put One Nation last on preferences.
Borbidge had been well aware of the threat from One Nation. He tried to have One Nation preferenced last on Coalition how-to-vote cards. However, the national Liberal and National organisations pressured their Queensland counterparts to preference One Nation ahead of Labor, they thought that One Nation's populism would peel off enough Labor voters to allow the Coalition to win another term. One Nation finished second in 23 seats. Seven of One Nation's seats would have gone to Labor had it not been for leakage of Coalition preferences. ¶ Results for Mundingburra based on 1996 by-election. Members in italics did not recontest their seats. Although the Coalition Government enjoyed strong levels of support subsequent to assuming office in 1996, support was lost. From 1997, Labor opened a consistent, albeit narrow, lead in the polls and by 1998 Labor was enjoying a commanding lead; the Coalition was disadvantaged by what was deemed to be poor government performance and the rapid rise of One Nation support, which under the state's optional preferential voting, fractured the Conservative vote.
The Coalition vote plummeted, whilst Labor withstood the swing to One Nation. Candidates of the Queensland state election, 1998 Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 1995–1998 Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 1998–2001 Borbidge Ministry Beattie Ministry
Governor of Queensland
The Governor of Queensland is the representative in the state of Queensland of the Queen of Australia. In an analogous way to the Governor-General of Australia at the national level, the Governor performs constitutional and ceremonial functions at the state level. In particular the governor has the power to appoint and dismiss the Premier of Queensland and all other ministers in the cabinet, issue writs for the election of the state parliament; the current Governor, Paul de Jersey, was sworn in on 29 July 2014. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Queensland Catherine Holmes, acts in the position of Governor in the governor’s absence; as from June 2014, the Queen, upon the recommendation of then-Premier Campbell Newman, accorded all current and living former governors the title'The Honourable' in perpetuity. The Governor of Queensland has resided at Government House, Brisbane since 1910; the mansion, set in 14 hectares of gardens and bushland in the Brisbane suburb of Bardon, is known as "Fernberg".
Unlike Fernberg, the original Government House was purpose-built and was used from 1862 to 1910. The office of Governor is established by the Constitution of Queensland. Section 29 of the Constitution as passed in 2001 provides that the office of Governor must exist and be appointed by the Sovereign, but parts of the earlier Constitution Act of 1867 relating to the Governor are still in force owing to the double entrenchment of them within the constitution by the government of Joh Bjelke-Petersen, who feared that the office and powers of State Governor might be abolished following the controversies of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis at a federal level. In accordance with the conventions of the Westminster system of parliamentary government, the Governor nearly always acts on the advice of the head of the elected government, the Premier of Queensland; the Governor retains the reserve powers of the Crown, has the right to appoint and dismiss Ministers, issue pardons, dissolve Parliament.
The Queensland constitution expressly provides that the Governor is not subject to direction by any person and is not limited as to the Governor's sources of advice on the appointment or dismissal of Ministers, another provision inserted by the Bjelke-Petersen government in the wake of the 1975 federal dismissal. This provision worked against Bjelke-Petersen when, in the dying days of his government in November 1987, he tried and failed to convince Governor Sir Walter Campbell to remove several ministers to shore up his own support within Parliament; when the parliamentary wing of the National Party deposed Bjelke-Petersen and elected one of the dissident ministers, Mike Ahern, as new Leader of the National Party, Sir Joh refused to resign as Premier and Sir Walter resisted calls to dismiss him. Sir Joh elected to resign on 1 December 1987; the Governor is head of the Executive Council, a Queensland equivalent to the Federal Executive Council. The Council is composed of ministers from the government of the day.
The Chief Justice of Queensland and other judges in the Queensland judicial system are appointed by the Governor acting on the advice of the Executive Council. The first Australian- born Governor of Queensland was Lieutenant-General Sir John Lavarack, his successor, Sir Henry Abel Smith was British. All subsequent governors have been Australian-born, except for Leneen Forde, born in Canada but who emigrated to Australia at an early age. Four former governors of Queensland are alive; the most recent death of a former governor was that of Sir Walter Campbell, on 4 September 2004. Administrators and Lieutenant-Governors are deputy roles appointed to carry out the duties of the Governor when the Governor is unavailable, due to travel or illness. If one is not appointed the duties are carried out by the Chief Justice of Queensland; the following are the Administrators and Lieutenant-Governors of Queensland: Official Website of the Governor of Queensland
The Beattie Ministry was a Ministry of the Government of Queensland, led by Labor Premier Peter Beattie. It commenced on 26 June 1998, thirteen days after the Borbidge Ministry, led by Premier Rob Borbidge of the National Party, was defeated at the 1998 election, it was followed by the Bligh Ministry upon Beattie's retirement as Premier on 13 September 2007. The election produced an unusual result—Labor did not gain any net seats in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland, maintaining 44 of 89, or one short of a governing majority, but the National-Liberal coalition which had governed with the support of Independent Liz Cunningham was reduced from 44 to 32 due to the rise of Pauline Hanson's One Nation Party in their rural heartland. After negotiations between the Labor Party, Cunningham and a new independent, Peter Wellington, the latter announced on 25 June 1998 that he would support a minority Labor government on votes of confidence in return for specific commitments on accountability; the following day, Labor leader Peter Beattie and his deputy, Jim Elder, were sworn in by the Governor of Queensland as a two-man cabinet.
Three days on 29 June 1998, they resigned so that a full ministry chosen by Caucus could be sworn in. On 29 June 1998, a full ministry of 18 cabinet ministers and 4 parliamentary secretaries was sworn in, it served until the reconstitution of the Ministry on 22 February 2001 following the 2001 election. The list below is ordered by decreasing seniority within the Cabinet, as indicated by the Government Gazette and the Hansard index. Notes: 1 On 1 August 1999, David Hamill was required to stand aside as Treasurer while investigations by the Auditor-General and the Criminal Justice Commission into the awarding of an Internet gaming licence was in process. Premier Peter Beattie brought down a budget on 14 September. On 30 September, both inquiries cleared Hamill of he was reinstated. 2 On 14 December 1999, Bob Gibbs resigned from Parliament to accept a role as trade commissioner to Los Angeles. Terry Mackenroth assumed his Sport portfolio, with Tourism and Racing going to junior minister Merri Rose.
Parliamentary secretary to the Deputy Premier, Stephen Robertson, was appointed as a minister and took on Rose's former role of Emergency Services. 3 On 22 November 1999, Deputy Premier Jim Elder, Acting Premier at the time due to the Premier being overseas, resigned following allegations that he was under suspicion for having illegally signed electoral forms for family members in his own seat. His portfolios were assumed for four days by Paul Braddy for another four by Premier Peter Beattie, before a minor reshuffle on 30 November 2000 which saw, among other things, Terry Mackenroth's promotion to Deputy Premier and Nita Cunningham's appointment to the Ministry. On 22 February 2001, following the 2001 election, a ministry of 19 cabinet ministers and 5 parliamentary secretaries was sworn in, it served until the reconstitution of the Ministry on 12 February 2004 following the 2004 election. On 12 February 2004, following the 2004 election, a ministry of 19 cabinet ministers and 6 parliamentary secretaries was sworn in.
It served until the reconstitution of the Ministry on 28 July 2005 following the resignation of Deputy Premier Terry Mackenroth. On 3 March 2005, Liddy Clark resigned after an investigation to the Crime and Misconduct Commission into airfares given to Aboriginal activists to Palm Island following a riot there, her position in the ministry was not filled, with her portfolio going to John Mickel. On 28 July 2005, following the resignation of Deputy Premier Terry Mackenroth from the ministry and from Parliament, a ministry of 19 cabinet ministers and 6 parliamentary secretaries was sworn in, it served until the reconstitution of the Ministry on 23 September 2006 following the 2006 election. Following a Crime and Misconduct Commission report on 7 December 2005, Gordon Nuttall resigned as a minister. Tim Mulherin was appointed in his place on 12 December. On 13 September 2006, following the 2006 election, a ministry of 19 cabinet ministers and 11 parliamentary secretaries was sworn in, it served until the end of the Ministry on 13 September 2007 following Anna Bligh's ascension to the post of Premier, was followed by the Bligh Ministry.
Linda Lavarch, the Attorney-General, resigned from the Ministry on 18 October 2006 citing depression. Kerry Shine and Margaret Keech assumed her portfolios on 1 November 2006. Craig Wallace was appointed to the available place within the Ministry. All information about ministries was sourced from Ministries from December 1989, extracted from the Queensland Parliamentary Handbook. All information about events was sourced from the "Australian Political Chronicle" in various instalments of the Australian Journal of Politics and History
Queensland is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland; the state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres. As of 15 May 2018, Queensland has a population of 5,000,000, concentrated along the coast and in the state's South East; the capital and largest city in the state is Australia's third-largest city. Referred to as the "Sunshine State", Queensland is home to 10 of Australia's 30 largest cities and is the nation's third-largest economy. Tourism in the state, fuelled by its warm tropical climate, is a major industry. Queensland was first inhabited by Torres Strait Islanders.
The first European to land in Queensland was Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606, who explored the west coast of the Cape York Peninsula near present-day Weipa. In 1770, Lieutenant James Cook claimed the east coast of Australia for the Kingdom of Great Britain; the colony of New South Wales was founded in 1788 by Governor Arthur Phillip at Sydney. Queensland was explored in subsequent decades until the establishment of a penal colony at Brisbane in 1824 by John Oxley. Penal transportation ceased in 1839 and free settlement was allowed from 1842; the state was named in honour of Queen Victoria, who on 6 June 1859 signed Letters Patent separating the colony from New South Wales. Queensland Day is celebrated annually statewide on 6 June. Queensland was one of the six colonies which became the founding states of Australia with federation on 1 January 1901; the history of Queensland spans thousands of years, encompassing both a lengthy indigenous presence, as well as the eventful times of post-European settlement.
The north-eastern Australian region was explored by Dutch and French navigators before being encountered by Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. The state has witnessed frontier warfare between European settlers and Indigenous inhabitants, as well as the exploitation of cheap Kanaka labour sourced from the South Pacific through a form of forced recruitment known at the time as "blackbirding"; the Australian Labor Party has its origin as a formal organisation in Queensland and the town of Barcaldine is the symbolic birthplace of the party. June 2009 marked the 150th anniversary of its creation as a separate colony from New South Wales. A rare record of early settler life in north Queensland can be seen in a set of ten photographic glass plates taken in the 1860s by Richard Daintree, in the collection of the National Museum of Australia; the Aboriginal occupation of Queensland is thought to predate 50,000 BC via boat or land bridge across Torres Strait, became divided into over 90 different language groups.
During the last ice age Queensland's landscape became more arid and desolate, making food and other supplies scarce. This led to the world's first seed-grinding technology. Warming again made the land hospitable, which brought high rainfall along the eastern coast, stimulating the growth of the state's tropical rainforests. In February 1606, Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon landed near the site of what is now Weipa, on the western shore of Cape York; this was the first recorded landing of a European in Australia, it marked the first reported contact between European and Aboriginal Australian people. The region was explored by French and Spanish explorers prior to the arrival of Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. Cook claimed the east coast under instruction from King George III of the United Kingdom on 22 August 1770 at Possession Island, naming Eastern Australia, including Queensland,'New South Wales'; the Aboriginal population declined after a smallpox epidemic during the late 18th century. In 1823, John Oxley, a British explorer, sailed north from what is now Sydney to scout possible penal colony sites in Gladstone and Moreton Bay.
At Moreton Bay, he found the Brisbane River. He established a settlement at what is now Redcliffe; the settlement known as Edenglassie, was transferred to the current location of the Brisbane city centre. Edmund Lockyer discovered outcrops of coal along the banks of the upper Brisbane River in 1825. In 1839 transportation of convicts was ceased, culminating in the closure of the Brisbane penal settlement. In 1842 free settlement was permitted. In 1847, the Port of Maryborough was opened as a wool port; the first free immigrant ship to arrive in Moreton Bay was the Artemisia, in 1848. In 1857, Queensland's first lighthouse was built at Cape Moreton. A war, sometimes called a "war of extermination", erupted between Aborigines and settlers in colonial Queensland; the Frontier War was notable for being the most bloody in Australia due to Queensland's larger pre-contact indigenous population when compared to the other Australian colonies. About 1,500 European settlers and their alli
Mark Daniel Stoneman is an English cricketer who plays for Surrey and England. He made his Test cricket debut for the England cricket team in August 2017, he bats left handed and plays as an opening batsman. He attended Marley Hill County Primary School, followed by Whickham School, he joined Durham in 2005 and played two seasons in the second eleven, before making his first team debut in 2007. He scored fifty in his second match, against Hampshire and what was his highest score, 101, in a victory over Sussex in September 2007, he has so far been restricted to first-class matches, as it is Durham's practice to pick Phil Mustard, the wicket keeper, as an opening batsman in one-day matches. He played in one List A match in 2008. On 26 July 2016, Stoneman signed for Surrey ahead of the 2017 season. In July 2018, Stoneman reached the milestone of 10,000 first-class runs. Stoneman played for England in the 2006 U-19 Cricket World Cup in Sri Lanka. In August 2017, he was named in England's Test squad for their series against the West Indies, to replace Keaton Jennings as opening partner to Alastair Cook.
He made his Test debut in the first match of the series on 17 August 2017. He is the first cricketer to make his debut in a Day-Night Test match, he kept his place in the team for the 2017-18 Ashes Series and made his Ashes debut in the opening Test match in Brisbane on 23 November 2017, partnering Cook. Mark Stoneman at ESPNcricinfo Mark Stoneman at CricketArchive
Denver Edward Beanland is a politician in Queensland, Australia. He was leader of the Queensland Liberal Party. Denver Edward Beanland was born on 26 January 1945 at St Margaret's Private Hospital, Queensland, the only son of Norman Edward Beanland and his wife Gwendoline; the family lived a dairy farm called Avondale located at Mary Smokes Creek, between Kilcoy and Woodford. Beanland attended the Kalangara State School four miles from his home, he continued his secondary education at Caboolture State High School. Beanland was elected as an Alderman of the Brisbane City Council in 1976 and served on that Council, including a period as Deputy Lord Mayor of Brisbane until 1986. In 1986, Beanland was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Queensland, in 1986, as the member for Toowong, he represented Toowong until 1992. Beanland was leader of the Liberal Party in the Queensland Parliament from May 1990 until November 1991, when he was ousted by Joan Sheldon. Although he did not return to the Liberal leadership, he became deputy leader in 1995.
Denver Beanland served as Attorney-General in the Borbidge government from February 1996 to 20 June 1998. He served as Opposition Spokesperson, prior to 1996, for a number of portfolios including Justice and Land Management. In 1997 a vote of no-confidence was passed against him as Attorney-General over his role in the Carruthers and Connolly-Ryan Inquiries. In an unprecedented decision he refused to resign in the wake of the no-confidence vote, citing his lack of personal responsibility for the scandal, he lost his seat of Indooroopilly at the 2001 state election. After leaving politics, Beanland studied at the University of Queensland, completing a Bachelor of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy in history in 2007; the topic of his PhD thesis was former Queensland Premier Thomas McIlwraith. From 2007 to 2009 Beanland was the President of the Royal Historical Society of Queensland. In 2015 Beanland was appointed by the Abbott Government to chair the National Archives Advisory Council. —. The Family of Thomas and Lydia Emma Kinton Beanland.
Boolarong. ISBN 978-0-86439-155-1. —. "PhD thesis". Queensland Caesar: Sir Thomas McIlwraith. School of History, Philosophy and Classics, University of Queensland. —. A Court Apart: The District Court of Queensland. Supreme Court of Queensland Library. ISBN 978-0-9803220-4-0. —. The Queensland Caesar, Sir Thomas McIlwraith. Brisbane Boolarong Press. ISBN 978-1-922109-55-2
Santo Santoro is a former Australian politician and a former deputy leader of the Liberal Party in Queensland. He was a member of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland from 1989 to 2001, he resigned from John Howard's ministry and from the Senate in the wake of a number of breaches of the Ministerial Code of Conduct and of the Register of Senators' Interests. He now works as a lobbyist and provides paid "Introductory services". Born in Sicily, Italy in 1956, Santoro emigrated to Australia with his family at the age of 5, he was educated at Marist College Rosalie in Brisbane before attending the University of Queensland, where he was awarded the degrees of Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Economics with honours. Santoro was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Queensland as Liberal member for Merthyr in Brisbane from 13 May 1989 until 19 September 1992, he was elected as member for Clayfield from 19 September 1992 until he was defeated on 17 February 2001 by Liddy Clark. From 26 February 1996 to 26 June 1998, he was the State Minister for Training and Industrial Relations.
He was the deputy leader of the State Liberal Party from 1992 to 1995. On 29 October 2002, Santoro was selected by the Queensland Parliament to replace Liberal Party of Australia Senator John Herron, who had resigned from the Senate to become Australia's Ambassador to Ireland; as a senator, Santoro was a strident critic of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, using parliamentary privilege in 2003 to accuse the national broadcaster of "sloppy and shoddy" journalism, disloyalty to Australian soldiers serving in Iraq, after an internal memo to ABC news staff instructed them to refrain from referring to soldiers as "our troops". Santoro was sworn in as Federal Minister for Ageing in John Howard's government on 27 January 2006. On 14 March 2007, Senator Santoro disclosed that he had breached the government's ministerial code of conduct by holding shares in CBio, a biotechnology company related to his portfolio. Santoro claimed he had received the shares in January 2006, had failed to declare or divest them when he became Minister for Ageing, until he sold them in January 2007 after realising three months earlier that there might be a conflict of interest.
Prime Minister John Howard and other government ministers defended the breach on the grounds that it was inadvertent. However, further controversy arose over the fate of the profits derived from the sale of the shares in question. Santoro claimed he had donated the proceeds of the sale to a "charity", the Family Council of Queensland. Although this organization is registered as a non-profit entity, it is not registered as a charity, it was subsequently found during an audit of his finances that Santoro had failed to declare 72 other share trades, he resigned from the ministry on 16 March 2007 and was replaced as Minister for Ageing by Christopher Pyne. The failures to declare his share trading were in breach of Australian Senate's requirement that Senators' interests be registered, viz: "Any alteration to a senator’s registrable interests, or those of the senator’s spouse or partner, or dependent children, must be notified to the registrar within 35 days of the change occurring."On 20 March, Santoro announced he would resign from the Senate, federal politics altogether.
This meant that he had served as a Commonwealth Minister without facing election. He was replaced in the Senate by Sue Boyce. Santo Santoro was federal Liberal Party vice-president until resigning in 2014 when he was forced to choose between that and being a paid lobbyist, he owns Santo Santoro Consulting and is registered as a lobbyist on both the Queensland and federal registers. Santoro has provided "Introductory services" for access to politicians, he has boasted having a direct line to the immigration minister Peter Dutton who can help expedite immigration applications. Santoro charged at least $20,000 for this service. In 2016, suspected Chinese agent and billionaire businessman, Huang Xiangmo put Santoro on a retainer during which time he arranged a lunch with Dutton to discuss his application for Australian citizenship. Senator The Honourable Santo Santoro's Parliamentary Webpage Senator Santoro's website