Borderline personality disorder

Borderline personality disorder known as unstable personality disorder, is a mental illness characterized by a long-term pattern of unstable relationships, a distorted sense of self, strong emotional reactions. There is self-harm and other dangerous behavior; those affected may struggle with a feeling of emptiness, fear of abandonment, detachment from reality. Symptoms may be triggered by events considered normal to others; the behavior begins by early adulthood and occurs across a variety of situations. Substance abuse and eating disorders are associated with BPD. 10% of people affected die by suicide. BPD's causes are unclear but seem to involve genetic, neurological and social factors, it occurs about five times more in a person who has an affected close relative. Adverse life events appear to play a role; the underlying mechanism appears to involve the frontolimbic network of neurons. BPD is recognized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as a personality disorder, along with nine other such disorders.

Diagnosis is based on the symptoms, while a medical examination may be done to rule out other problems. The condition must be differentiated from an identity problem or substance use disorders, among other possibilities. BPD is treated with therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy. Another type, dialectical behavior therapy, may reduce the risk of suicide. Therapy may occur one-on-one or in a group. While medications do not cure BPD, they may be used to help with the associated symptoms; some people require hospital care. About 1.6% of people have BPD in a given year, with some estimates as high as 6%. Women are diagnosed about three times as as men, it appears to become less common among older people. Up to half of people improve over a ten-year period. People affected use a high amount of healthcare resources. There is an ongoing debate about the naming of the disorder the suitability of the word borderline; the disorder is stigmatized in both the media and the psychiatric field. BPD is characterized by the following signs and symptoms: Markedly disturbed sense of identity Frantic efforts to avoid real or imagined abandonment, extreme reactions to such.

Splitting Impulsive or reckless behaviors Intense or uncontrollable emotional reactions that seem disproportionate to the event or situation Unstable and chaotic interpersonal relationships Self-damaging behavior Distorted self-image Dissociation Frequently accompanied by depression, anger, substance abuse, or rageOverall, the most distinguishing symptoms of BPD are marked sensitivity to minor rejection or criticism, alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation toward other people, varying moods and difficulty regulating strong emotional reactions. Dangerous and impulsive behavior are correlated with the disorder. Other symptoms may include feeling unsure of one's personal identity and values. People with BPD may feel emotions for a longer time than others do. A core characteristic of BPD is affective instability, which manifests as unusually intense emotional responses to environmental triggers, with a slower return to a baseline emotional state. According to Marsha Linehan, the sensitivity and duration with which people with BPD feel emotions have both positive and negative effects.

People with BPD are exceptionally enthusiastic, idealistic and loving, but may feel overwhelmed by negative emotions, experiencing intense grief instead of sadness and humiliation instead of mild embarrassment, rage instead of annoyance, panic instead of nervousness. People with BPD are especially sensitive to feelings of rejection, criticism and perceived failure. Before learning other coping mechanisms, their efforts to manage or escape from their negative emotions may lead to emotional isolation, self-injury or suicidal behavior, they are aware of the intensity of their negative emotional reactions and, since they cannot regulate them, shut them down since awareness would only cause further distress. This can be harmful since negative emotions alert people to the presence of a problematic situation and move them to address it. While people with BPD feel euphoria, they are prone to dysphoria, and/or feelings of mental and emotional distress. Zanarini et al. recognized four categories of dysphoria typical of this condition: extreme emotions, destructiveness or self-destructiveness, feeling fragmented or lacking identity, feelings of victimization.

Within these categories, a BPD diagnosis is associated with a combination of three specific states: feeling betrayed, feeling out of control, "feeling like hurting myself". Since there is great variety in the types of dysphoria people with BPD experience, the amplitude of the distress is a helpful indicator. In addition to intense emotions, people with BPD experience emotional "lability". Although that term suggests rapid changes between depression and elation, mood swings in people with BPD more involve anxiety, with fluctuations between anger and anxiety and between depression and anxiety. People with BPD can be sensitive to

St. Luke's Church, Munich

St. Luke's Church is the largest Protestant church in Munich, southern Germany, it was built in 1893–96, designed by Albert Schmidt. It is the only preserved Lutheran parish church in the historical area of Munich. St. Luke's is located on the banks between the Steinsdorfstraße and Mariannenplatz. Although the ground belongs to Mariannenplatz, the main entrance is found at the Steinsdorfstraße; the two east towers and the 64-meter high dome are prominent features. Although St. Luke's is nicknamed Dom der Münchner Protestanten, the church is not a seat of a bishop; the history of the Protestant church in Munich is rather short. The first Protestant groups early in the 16th century were suppressed. Bavaria was a predominantly Catholic kingdom under the reigning Wittelsbach family from the time of the Reformation, but in 1799 the Wittelsbach head, Prince-elector Max IV Joseph married Friederike Karoline Wilhelmine. 19th century Munich became a city with a growing number of immigrants from other regions of Germany, many of them Lutherans.

In 1826, there were 6,000 Lutheran parishioners in the city. The first Protestant church, St. Matthew, was inaugurated in 1833, it was rebuilt after the World War II in another location. The second Protestant church, St Mark's, was inaugurated in 1877. By the last decades of the 19th century, Munich's Lutherans were in need of a third, larger church, but the Bavarian royal family was concerned to protect the Catholic character of the city, therefore the Lutherans were given land on the banks of the river Isar to build St. Luke's; the first stone was laid on 29 June 1893 and the church was consecrated on the first Advent, 1896. The architect Albert Schmidt has used pre-Reformation styles in order to please the Roman Catholic city rulers: The exterior architecture is built in Romanesque forms, while the interior is reminiscent of the early Rhenish Gothic based on the geometric shape of a Greek cross. In the east there is a three-sided apse, the western facade has square towers. St. Luke's had some artistically outstanding stained glass windows from 1896–99, created by the München Mayer'sche Hofkunstanstalt after drafts of the Englishman Charles Dixon, one of the best-renowned glass painter of his time.

Those windows were destroyed irretrievably during the great air raid of 6/7 September 1943. The lost windows of the chancel were replaced by new ones by Hermann Kaspar in 1946; the altar painting is a work of the artist Gustav Adolf Goldberg, dedicated to the Entombment of Christ. The organ was built in 1932 by the G. F. Steinmeyer & Co.. As of this edit, this article uses content from "St. Lukas", licensed in a way that permits reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, but not under the GFDL. All relevant terms must be followed. Media related to St. Lukas at Wikimedia Commons Official website


WCWF, virtual channel 14, is a CW-affiliated television station serving Green Bay, United States, licensed to Suring. The station is owned by Sinclair Broadcast Group, as part of a duopoly with Green Bay-licensed Fox affiliate WLUK-TV; the two stations share studios on Lombardi Avenue on the line between Green Bay and Ashwaubenon, next to the Resch Center. On cable, the station is available in standard definition on channel 10 on most cable systems in the market, channel 14 on AT&T U-verse, in high definition on Spectrum channel 1010 and AT&T U-verse channel 1014; the station launched on February 22, 1984 as religious independent station WSCO-TV, under the ownership of Northeastern Wisconsin Christian Television Incorporated. The station's former analog transmitter was located outside of the unincorporated Oconto County community of Krakow, 4 miles north of Pulaski on WIS 32. Financial problems would force the station off the air by 1987. On April 30, 1997, Paxson Communications purchased the station and converted it to a paid programming format under Paxson's inTV service.

On August 31, 1998, WSCO became a charter owned-and-operated station of Pax TV under the new call sign WPXG. On June 2, 1999, Paxson sold WPXG to ACME Communications. Before it joined the network, WB programming in Northeastern Wisconsin was seen either through cable providers that carried Chicago-based superstation WGN and/or Milwaukee's WVTV or during off hours on UPN affiliate WACY-TV. WIWB continued to air Pax programming in the mornings and weekends for a few years after ACME's purchase was finalized. Pax TV's successor, Ion Television, would not return to the market over-the-air until November 2015, when WBAY-TV launched it on their DT3 subchannel. On January 24, 2006, the Warner Bros. unit of Time Warner and CBS Corporation announced that the two companies would shut down The WB and UPN and combine the networks' respective programming to create a new "fifth" network called The CW. Due to ACME's ownership by former WB executive Jamie Kellner, WIWB's pursuit of the CW affiliation was assumed to be a formality.

Indeed, on March 9, 2006, ACME Communications affiliated most of their stations with The CW, including WIWB. The station joined the network upon its September 18, 2006 launch. Prior to that date, it temporarily carried not only WB programs, but shows from UPN after WACY-TV dropped UPN before that network's closure to join MyNetworkTV. At the time, ACME decided not to change the callsigns of any of their WB-to-CW affiliates to avert any further confusion from the launch of the two new networks. On June 4, 2010, LIN TV Corporation, owner of Green Bay's Fox affiliate WLUK-TV, as part of an agreement with ACME Communications in three markets where both companies owned stations, announced that it would begin to operate WIWB through separate shared services and joint sales agreements; as part of its agreements with ACME, LIN TV had the option to purchase WIWB, an option it exercised in September 2010, purchasing not only WIWB but another CW station in a similar arrangement, Ohio's WBDT. LIN TV included in its license transfer request to the Federal Communications Commission a "failing station waiver," an indication that the station was in an economically non-viable position and that FCC should relax ownership limits that apply to the Green Bay market so that Channel 14 could stay on the air.

In April 2011, the FCC approved the ownership transfer of WCWF from ACME to LIN TV applying the requested failing station waiver. Additionally, the FCC denied a petition from Time Warner Cable, the dominant cable provider in Northeast Wisconsin; the sale of WCWF to LIN was consummated on May 20, 2011. After taking control of WIWB, LIN TV would make changes at the station, starting with relocating its operations from the Parkview Plaza strip mall in suburban Ashwaubenon to WLUK's studios on Lombardi Avenue. During August and September 2010, the station would undergo changes in both on-air branding and call sign. In the fall of 2010, WCWF would upgrade syndicated programming to high-definition, while both WCWF and WLU