Charles Brooking was an English painter of marine scenes. It is highly probable that Brooking’s father was a Charles Brooking who was recorded as employed by Greenwich Hospital between 1729 and 1736 as a painter and decorator, Charles Brooking senior had earlier been active in Plymouth and Ireland. On 27 November 1732 Master Charles Brooking was recorded as an apprentice and this painting is a huge sea piece intended to match another painting, whereabouts unknown, said to be of a “Fleet in the Downs”, by Peter Monamy. It is claimed that Dominic Serres received some instruction for a time from Brooking. Brooking is said to have died of consumption on 25 March 1759, brookings earliest known works are two pictures, one depicting a moonlit harbour scene and the other a burning ship, which he signed and inscribed with his age,17, and thus datable to 1740. Since he was described as a painter of sea-pieces in 1752. The mention by Ellis occurs in his Natural History of the Corallines, Ellis employed Brooking as a botanical draughtsman.
This painting is now in the Greenwich Maritime Museum and his first two pictures show some influence of Peter Monamy, but he was already displaying strong signs of a distinctive personal manner. There is a group of paintings and prints, signed or inscribed Monamy and datable to the years circa 1745-1750, some of the identical prints occur with attributions by different print dealers to both painters in separate issues. Contemporary accounts suggest that he had been “much at sea” and he owned a small yacht. In his early years he was employed in some maritime capacity. Some of his works plainly show the influence of Willem van de Velde the Younger. The National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, London holds 23 of his oil paintings, a set of 28 engravings after his works. A plaque to Brooking was unveiled by the Lord Mayor of the City of London at Tokenhouse Yard in October,2008, a Natural History of the Corallines. The Treasures of the Foundling Hospital, Charles Brooking and the 18th Century Marine Painters.
The Call of the Sea, Peter Monamy, Charles Brooking, ISBN 978-0-9559729-1-1 Charles Brooking online The call of the sea Brooking at the National Maritime Museum Brooking at the Tate A Royal Yacht Firing a Salute Shipping in a Calm
Woman with a Parasol - Madame Monet and Her Son
Woman with a Parasol - Madame Monet and Her Son, sometimes known as The Stroll is an oil-on-canvas painting by Claude Monet from 1875. Monets light and spontaneous brushwork create splashes of colour, mrs Monets veil is blown by the wind, as is her billowing white dress, the waving grass of the meadow is echoed by the green underside of her parasol. She is seen as if from below, with a strong upwards perspective, a boy, their seven-year-old son, is placed further away, concealed behind a rise in the ground, only visible from the waist up, creating a sense of depth. The work is a painting of an everyday family scene. The work was painted outdoors, en plein air, and quickly, probably in a period of a few hours. It measures 100 ×81 centimetres, his largest work in the 1870s, the painting was one of 18 works by Monet exhibited at the second Impressionist exhibition in April 1876, at the gallery of Paul Durand-Ruel. John Singer Sargent saw the painting at the exhibition in 1876 and was inspired to create a similar painting, Two Girls with Parasols at Fladbury.
Monet sold the painting to Dr. Georges de Bellio in November 1876 and it was inherited by de Bellios daughter and her husband Ernest Donop de Monchy, acquired by Georges Menier in Paris, and sold in 1965 to Paul Mellon. He donated the painting to the National Gallery of Art in Washington DC in 1983. Woman with a Parasol - Madame Monet and Her Son, National Gallery of Art The Stroll, Camille Monet and Her Son Jean, artchive. com Monet Woman with a Parasol – Madame Monet and Her Son, C
Snow at Argenteuil
Snow at Argenteuil is an oil-on-canvas landscape painting from the Impressionist artist Claude Monet. It is the largest of no fewer than eighteen works Monet painted of his home commune of Argenteuil while it was under a blanket of snow during the winter of 1874–1875 and this painting—number 352 in Wildenstein’s catalogue of the works of Monet—is the largest of the eighteen. The attention to detail evident in the paintings is less evident in this larger picture. Instead, Monet has rendered large areas of the canvas in closely like tones and colours of blue, paint at the depicted road surface is thicker than elsewhere in the painting, and impasto is suggestive of the feel of disturbed snow. Most of Monet’s Snow at Argenteuil pictures from the winter of 1874–1875 were painted from locations close to the house on the boulevard Saint-Denis into which Monet, in December 1879 the painting was acquired from Monet by Théodore Duret. Recalling a conversation with the artist Édouard Manet, Duret years reported that, I had in my possession just such a piece from Monet.
After seeing it, he said “It is perfect, acquavella Galleries of New York acquired the painting in the early 1970s, and it was purchased by Simon Sainsbury in or around 1973. It was bequeathed by him to the National Gallery, London, in 2006 and it has remained there since
Philip Jonathan Clifford Mould OBE is an English art dealer and broadcaster. Mould is the author of two books on art discovery and is consulted by the media on the subject. He is well known for his role co-presenting the BBC television programme Fake or Fortune, the most watched arts programme on television. Mould was educated at Kingsmead School, Worth School, moulds father owned a factory in Liverpool and his family was based in the Wirral. He developed an interest in antiques at an age, thanks to his mother. She suffered polio as a child, and was in a wheelchair so would send Philip, aged six, into antiques shops to bring things out to her for inspection. Mould made friend with the owner of an antiques shop, who taught him to read hallmarks on silver when he was just 11 or 12 years old. Mould began art dealing in his teens and has since established a leading art dealership specialising in British art. He has sold works to institutions such as The Metropolitan Museum of Art, National Portrait Gallery, Museum of Fine Arts Boston, The Huntington.
Mould has worked as a valuer for the Heritage Lottery Fund, between 1988–2010 he acted as honorary art adviser to the House of Commons and the House of Lords. Mould is a supporter of CleanupUK, and Pond Conservation and he was elected as a fellow of the Linnean Society in 2012. Mould is a broadcaster and writer for the national press. His television work includes writing and presenting the Channel 4 series Changing Faces, in 2011, he began co-hosting the television programme Fake or Fortune. Now ranks as televisions most popular arts show - regularly drawing an audience of 5 million - and has an international following, in recognition of his art world expertise and contribution to portrait heritage he was created OBE in the 2005 New Year Honours list. In August 2014, Mould was one of 200 public figures who were signatories to a letter to The Guardian opposing Scottish independence in the run-up to Septembers referendum on that issue. He discussed the work of one of his artists, Cedric Morris.
Mould is a collector of Morriss work, and champions modern British artists in general. Sleepers, In Search of Lost Old Masters, the Trail of Lot 163, In Search of Lost Art Treasures
Beach in Pourville
Beach in Pourville is a painting by French artist Claude Monet. It was painted in 1882, one of a series of works made by Monet that year in the small seaside resort of Pourville-sur-Mer. Monet is considered one of the most important members of the group of painters identified as the Impressionists, the painting was bought by the National Museum, Poznań, Poland in 1906 and exhibited in the display of their collection. The painting was stolen from the Poznań National Museum in September 2000 and it was cut out of its frame and replaced with a copy, which had been painted on cardboard. At the time, the painting was valued at more than $1 million, the theft was discovered on 19 September 2000, and police searched for a man who had been seen making sketches of paintings in the museum two days earlier. The painting was recovered on 12 January 2010, police arrested a 41-year-old man in the southern Polish city of Olkusz, whom they believe to be the painter of the copy used in the robbery. The suspect was traced through fingerprints and other evidence left at the site of the theft
Sothebys /ˈsʌðəbiz/ is a British multinational corporation headquartered in New York City. One of the worlds largest brokers of fine and decorative art, real estate, the company’s services range from corporate art services to private sales. Sothebys is the fourth oldest auction house in continuous operation. As of December 2011, the company had 1,446 employees worldwide and it is the worlds largest art business with global sales in 2011 totalling $5.8 billion. Sothebys was established on 11 March 1744 in London, the American holding company was initially incorporated in August 1983 in Michigan. In June 2006, Sothebys Holdings, Inc. reincorporated in the State of Delaware and was renamed Sothebys, in July 2016, Chinese insurance giant Taikang Life became Sothebys largest shareholder. Three Swedish auction houses are older and Sothebys great rival in London and New York. The current business dates back to 1804, when two of the partners of the business left to set up their own book dealership. After Baker’s death in 1778, his estate was divided between Leigh and John Sotheby, George Leigh died unmarried in 1816, but not before endeavouring to secure his succession by recruiting Samuel E Leigh into the business.
Under the Sotheby family, the house extended its activities to auctioning prints, medals. John Wilkinson, Sothebys Senior Accountant, became the company’s new CEO, the business did not seek to auction fine arts in general until much later, their first major success in this field being the sale of a Frans Hals painting for nine thousand guineas as late as 1913. In 1917, Sothebys relocated from 13 Wellington Street to 34-35 New Bond Street and they soon came to rival Christies as leaders of the London auction market, which had become the most important for art. In 1955, Sothebys opened an office at Bowling Green, New York City, in 1964, Sothebys purchased Parke-Bernet, the largest auctioneer of fine art in the United States. In the following year, Sothebys moved to 980 Madison Avenue, Sothebys became a U. K. public company in 1977. The auction house closed its Madison Avenue galleries at East 76th Street, the Los Angeles galleries were sold and auctions of West Coast material moved to New York.
In the following year, a group of investors purchased and privatized Sothebys, Sothebys was initially incorporated as Sothebys Holdings, Inc. in Michigan in August 1983. Taubman took Sothebys public in 1988, listing the shares on the New York Stock Exchange. In June 2006, Sothebys Holdings, Inc. reincorporated in the State of Delaware and was renamed Sothebys shortly after, with private transactions constituting an essential and increasingly profitable business segment, through the years Sothebys has bought art galleries and helped dealers finance purchases
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art is a modern art museum located in San Francisco, California. A nonprofit organization, SFMOMA holds an internationally recognized collection of modern and contemporary art, the museum’s current collection includes over 33,000 works of painting, photography, architecture and media arts. They are displayed in 170,000 square feet of space, making the museum one of the largest in the United States overall. SFMOMA reopened on May 14,2016, following a major expansion project. SFMOMA was founded in 1935 under director Grace L. McCann Morley as the San Francisco Museum of Art, for its first sixty years, the museum occupied the fourth floor of the War Memorial Veterans Building on Van Ness Avenue in the Civic Center. A gift of 36 artworks from Albert M. Bender, including The Flower Carrier by Diego Rivera, Bender donated more than 1,100 objects to SFMOMA during his lifetime and endowed the museums first purchase fund. The museum began its second year with an exhibition of works by Henri Matisse, in this same year the museum established its photography collection, becoming one of the first museums to recognize photography as a fine art.
SFMOMA held its first architecture exhibition, entitled Telesis, Space for Living, SFMOMA was obliged to move to a temporary facility on Post Street in March 1945 to make way for the United Nations Conference on International Organization. The museum returned to its original Van Ness location in July, that year SFMOMA hosted Jackson Pollocks first solo museum exhibition. Founding director Grace Morley held film screenings at the beginning in 1937. In 1946 Morley brought in filmmaker Frank Stauffacher to found SFMOMA’s influential Art in Cinema film series, SFMOMA continued its expansion into new media with the 1951 launch of a biweekly television program entitled Art in Your Life. The series, renamed Discovery, ran for three years, Morley ended her 23-year tenure as museum director in 1958 and was succeeded by George D. Culler and Gerald Nordland. The museum rose to prominence under director Henry T. Hopkins. Since 1967, SFMOMA has honored San Francisco Bay Area artists with its biennial SECA Art Award, the positions of director of education and director of photography were elevated to full curatorial roles.
At this time SFMOMA took on a special exhibitions program. Including major presentations of the work of Jeff Koons, Sigmar Polke, in January 1995 the museum opened its current location at 151 Third Street, adjacent to Yerba Buena Gardens in the SOMA district. Mario Botta, a Swiss architect from Canton Ticino, designed the new US$60 million facility, Art patron Phyllis Wattis helped the museum acquire key works by Magritte, Andy Warhol, Eva Hesse and Wayne Thiebaud. SFMOMA made a number of important acquisitions under the direction of David A and those and acquisitions of works by Jasper Johns, Mark Rothko, Francis Bacon, Alexander Calder, Chuck Close and Frank Stella put the institution in the top ranks of American museums of modern art
It extends from the nominal red edge of the visible spectrum at 700 nanometers, to 1000000 nm. Most of the radiation emitted by objects near room temperature is infrared. Like all EMR, IR carries radiant energy, and behaves both like a wave and like its quantum particle, the photon, slightly more than half of the total energy from the Sun was eventually found to arrive on Earth in the form of infrared. The balance between absorbed and emitted infrared radiation has an effect on Earths climate. Infrared radiation is emitted or absorbed by molecules when they change their rotational-vibrational movements and it excites vibrational modes in a molecule through a change in the dipole moment, making it a useful frequency range for study of these energy states for molecules of the proper symmetry. Infrared spectroscopy examines absorption and transmission of photons in the infrared range, Infrared radiation is used in industrial and medical applications. Night-vision devices using active near-infrared illumination allow people or animals to be observed without the observer being detected, Infrared thermal-imaging cameras are used to detect heat loss in insulated systems, to observe changing blood flow in the skin, and to detect overheating of electrical apparatuses.
Thermal-infrared imaging is used extensively for military and civilian purposes, military applications include target acquisition, night vision and tracking. Humans at normal body temperature radiate chiefly at wavelengths around 10 μm, Infrared radiation extends from the nominal red edge of the visible spectrum at 700 nanometers to 1 mm. This range of wavelengths corresponds to a range of approximately 430 THz down to 300 GHz. Below infrared is the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Sunlight, at a temperature of 5,780 kelvins, is composed of near thermal-spectrum radiation that is slightly more than half infrared. At zenith, sunlight provides an irradiance of just over 1 kilowatt per square meter at sea level, of this energy,527 watts is infrared radiation,445 watts is visible light, and 32 watts is ultraviolet radiation. Nearly all the radiation in sunlight is near infrared, shorter than 4 micrometers. On the surface of Earth, at far lower temperatures than the surface of the Sun, almost all thermal radiation consists of infrared in mid-infrared region, much longer than in sunlight.
Of these natural thermal radiation processes only lightning and natural fires are hot enough to produce much visible energy, thermal infrared radiation has a maximum emission wavelength, which is inversely proportional to the absolute temperature of object, in accordance with Wiens displacement law. Therefore, the band is often subdivided into smaller sections. Due to the nature of the blackbody radiation curves, typical hot objects, such as exhaust pipes, the three regions are used for observation of different temperature ranges, and hence different environments in space
Christies is a historic British auction house. It was founded in 1766 by James Christie and its main premises are in King Street, St. Jamess, in London, and on Rockefeller Plaza in New York City in the United States. The company is owned by Groupe Artémis, the company of François-Henri Pinault. Sales in 2015 totalled £4.8 billion, other sources note that James Christie rented auction rooms from 1762, and newspaper advertisements of Christies sales dating from 1759 have been traced. Christies soon established a reputation as an auction house. From 1859, the company was called Christie, Manson & Woods, in 1958, it established its first overseas office, by placing a representative in Rome. The first overseas salesroom opened in Geneva, where Christies holds jewellery auctions, Christies was a public company, listed on the London Stock Exchange from 1973 to 1999. In 1974, Jo Floyd was appointed chairman of Christies and he served as chairman of Christies International plc. from 1976 to 1988, until handing over to Lord Carrington, and was a non-executive member of the board of directors until 1992.
The auction houses subsidiary Christies International Inc. held its first sale in the United States in 1977,13 years than Sothebys, Christies growth was slow but steady since 1989, when it had 42 percent of the auction market. In 1990, the company reversed a policy and guaranteed a minimum price for a collection of artworks in its May auctions. In 1996, the auction houses sales eclipsed Sothebys for the first time since 1954. In 1993, Christies paid $10.9 million for the London gallery Spink & Sons, which specialised in Oriental art and British paintings, the company bought Leger Gallery for $3.3 million in 1996, and merged it with Spink to become Spink-Leger. The company has not been reporting profits, though it gives sale totals twice a year. Its policy, in line with U. K. accounting standards, is to convert non-U. K, results using an average exchange rate weighted daily by sales throughout the year. In 2002, Christies France held its first auction in Paris, like Sothebys, Christies became increasingly involved in high-profile private transactions.
Under the original deal, the gallery was meant to be the channel for all of Christies private-client business as well as the focus of its primary trade. Also, the house originally announced that Haunch employees could not bid at auction because of conflicts of interest or issues of market manipulation. Today, the continues to operate as an independent company in London and New York
Le Figaro is a French daily morning newspaper founded in 1826 and published in Paris. The oldest national daily in France, Le Figaro is one of the two French newspapers of record, along with Le Monde, and is one of the most widely respected newspapers in the world. In 2012, the paper had a circulation of 330,952 copies per issue. The paper is published in the format, switching from a broadsheet in 2009. The newspaper is owned by Le Figaro Group, whose publications include TV Magazine and Evene, the companys chairman is Serge Dassault, whose Dassault Group has controlled the paper since 2004. Le Figaro was founded as a weekly in 1826, taking its name and motto from Le Mariage de Figaro. Its motto, from Figaros monologue in the final act, is Sans la liberté de blâmer. In 1833, editor Nestor Roqueplan fought a duel with a Colonel Gallois, who was offended by an article in Le Figaro, albert Wolff, Émile Zola, Alphonse Karr and Jules Claretie were among the papers early contributors. It was published irregularly until 1854, when it was taken over by Hippolyte de Villemessant.
In 1866 Le Figaro became a daily newspaper and its first daily edition, that of 16 November 1866, sold 56,000 copies, having highest circulation of any newspaper in France. In 1922, Le Figaro was purchased by perfume millionaire François Coty, abel Faivre did cartoons for the paper. By the start of World War II, Le Figaro had become Frances leading newspaper, after the war it became the voice of the upper middle class, and continues to maintain a conservative position. In 1975, Le Figaro was bought by Robert Hersants Socpresse, in 1999, the Carlyle Group obtained a 40% stake in the paper, which it sold in March 2002. Dassault owns 80% of the paper, in 2006, Le Figaro was banned in Egypt and Tunisia for publishing articles allegedly insulting Islam. Le Figaro switched to Berliner format in 2009, the paper has published The New York Times International Weekly on Friday since 2009, an 8-page supplement featuring a selection of articles from The New York Times translated into French. In 2010, Lefigaro.
fr created a section called Le Figaro in English, Le Figaro has traditionally held a conservative editorial stance, becoming the voice of the French upper and middle classes. His son Olivier Dassault is a member of the French National Assembly, Dassault has remarked in an interview in 2004 on the public radio station France Inter that newspapers must promulgate healthy ideas and that left-wing ideas are not healthy ideas. They requested more pluralism and honesty and accused the paper of one-sided political reporting, mougeotte had previously said that Le Figaro would do nothing to embarrass the government and the right
Daniel Leopold Wildenstein was an art dealer and owner-breeder of thoroughbred race horses. He was the member of the family to preside over Wildenstein & Co. one of the most successful. He was once described as probably the richest and most powerful art dealer on earth, Wildenstein was born in Verrières-le-Buisson, just outside Paris. He was educated at Cours Hattemer and at the University of Paris, graduating in 1938, Wildensteins grandfather, Nathan Wildenstein, established an art dealership on the Rue La Boétie in Paris after fleeing his native Alsace during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71. He first specialised in 18th-century French painting and sculpture, expanding to Italian, Dutch, P. Morgan, Henry Clay Frick, and to the Kress and Mellon families. He opened a New York gallery in 1903 and one in London in 1925, the Wildensteins gained a reputation as shrewd businessmen, stockpiling works to maximise their profits when released onto the market. The secrecy attached to these holdings led to a deal of interest.
In 1940 Daniel Wildenstein went to New York to work for the family firm and he had already acted as Group Secretary of the French Pavilion at the Worlds Fair in 1937 and as exhibitions director at the Jacquemart-Andre Museum. He took over the running of Wildenstein & Co. s Paris and New York branches in 1959 and those in London and Buenos Aires in 1963, a gallery in Tokyo was added in the early 1970s. As an art dealer Wildenstein was phenomenally successful, a 1998 profile of the family in Vanity Fair magazine asserted that his wealth was estimated at more than $5 billion. His fortune, the stated, was the only one of that magnitude ever made in the art market. Like his father, Daniel Wildenstein established a reputation as a scholar and his five-volume catalogue raisonné of the work of Claude Monet was published between 1976 and 1992. His two-volumes on Édouard Manet appeared in 1976 and 1977, those on Gustave Courbet in 1977 and 1977, and he acted as editor-in-chief of the Gazette des Beaux-Arts from 1963 and in 1971 was elected a member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts.
Although he officially retired in 1990, Wildenstein is reported to have maintained a close control over the running of the business. The number of Wildenstein galleries around the world shrank in his years until it contained two, Wildenstein & Co. and PaceWildenstein, both in New York. PaceWildenstein was established in 1993 as a joint venture with the Pace Gallery to deal in contemporary art, the collaboration came to an end in 2010. In 1999 Wildenstein published a series of his interviews entitled Marchand d’Art, the case never went to court and Daniel Wildenstein subsequently accused Malraux of being motivated by malice. Daniel Wildensteins sons sued for defamation but lost the case, in 1997 the Wildenstein family was sued in New York by the heirs of Alphonse Kann, a prominent Jewish art collector