SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Borrani

Ruote Borrani S.p. A. is an Italian manufacturer of wheels, famous for supplying Rudge-Whitworth design single-nut lockable wire wheels to many Italian racing cars and luxury cars until the 1960s. The company was named Rudge-Whitworth Milano, as the splined hub locking mechanism was licensed from the Coventry-based Rudge-Whitworth, which had developed the patents since 1908, it was run by Carlo Borrani at Via Ugo Bassi 9, became supplier for Alfa Romeo, Bianchi and other racing cars, used by such drivers as Enzo Ferrari when winning the first Coppa Acerbo in Pescara. Leadership transferred to Cesare Borrani in 1937, it changed its name to Ruote Borrani S.p. A. in the 1930s, when it began manufacturing aluminum wheels to replace steel wheels. These bimetal cast-aluminum wheels were standard on Maserati 3500. Between 1946 and 1966, all Ferrari cars were equipped with Borrani wheels as original equipment; the two businesses thus share an important part of Italian automotive history, both on the road and on the race tracks.

Afterwards, Borrani wheels remained a major option for Ferrari owners until as late as 1984. Borrani wheels were original equipment on famous makes like Lamborghini, Alfa Romeo, Facel Vega and Aston Martin. On relocating, it changed name to Costruzioni Meccaniche Rho S.p. A. at a time when 1/10 of the annual volume of about 1,500 wheels were for Ferrari racing cars. Prototype cars such as the 1953 Buick Skylark are other examples. In 2004, the Borrani wire wheel production was sold to RuoteMilano srl. member of the international automotive Zeta Europe BV group. The activities were moved to Rozzano on the southern edge of Milan. At these new facilities, the traditional production machines were rebuilt and refurbished to meet modern requirements, to safeguard the quality and production capacity for Borrani wire wheels. Since the total product range has become available again and a number of models have been re-entered in production. List of Italian companies Official website

VFA-82

VFA-82, Strike Fighter Squadron 82, known as the Marauders was a U. S. Navy strike fighter squadron based at MCAS Beaufort, South Carolina, established in 1967 and deactivated in 2005, its radio callsign was Streetcar. Attack Squadron 82 was established on 1 May 1967 as a light attack squadron flying the Vought A-7A Corsair II; the Marauders made their first deployment aboard USS America during her maiden cruise to the waters off North Vietnam in April 1968. They returned to Southeast Asia in September 1969 aboard USS Coral Sea; the Marauders transitioned to the A-7E in August 1970, but in late spring of 1972, VA-82 was forced to revert to the A-7C due to unexpected problems with the A-7E's TF-41 engines. The Marauders deployed from June 1972 to March 1973 aboard USS America for a ten-month combat cruise. On that deployment, VA-82 played a role in the attack that destroyed the Thanh Hoa Bridge, a vital link in the North Vietnamese Army supply lines and a target that seemed indestructible during the Vietnam War.

Four A-7Cs from VA-82 delivered 16,000 lb of high explosives with two planes carrying two 2,000 lb Walleyes, while two other carried two, 2,000 lb Mk 84 bombs. In a simultaneous attack, the centre piling on the bridge was hit, the span broke in half. After this, the Thanh Hoa bridge was considered permanently destroyed and removed from the target list; the squadron made several deployments to the Mediterranean during the 1970s, while doing so received many of the Navy's most prestigious awards including the ADM McClusky award and Battle "E" in 1976. In 1975 the Marauders deployed aboard USS Nimitz on her maiden cruise; the squadron completed its last cruise with the A-7E Corsair II in June 1987. On July 13, 1987, VA-82 was redesignated Strike Fighter Squadron 82. With the delivery of the first aircraft in November 1987, VFA-82 became the first F/A-18C squadron. In 1990, VFA-82 escorted USS Constellation around the horn of South America on its way to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for modernization.

December 1990 found VFA-82 once again aboard USS America, participating in Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm. The Marauders flew 597 combat sorties, 1308.9 combat hours and delivered over 1.2 million pounds of ordnance over Iraq. In December 1993, the Marauders returned to USS America for a six-month deployment during which VFA-82 participated in Operation Southern Watch in Iraq, Operation Deny Flight and Operation Sharp Guard in Bosnia and Operation Restore Hope in Somalia. From August 1995 to February 1996, the Marauders joined USS America for her last cruise. From October 1997 through April 1998, the squadron deployed on board USS George Washington to the Mediterranean Sea and Persian Gulf in support of Operation Southern Watch. During 1998 the Marauders operated from the decks of three U. S. aircraft visited seven countries. In August 1999, the Marauders bid farewell to NAS Cecil Field and relocated to NAS Jacksonville for the two months prior to deployment. In September 1999, the Marauders deployed on board USS John F. Kennedy in support of Operation Southern Watch.

Upon completion of the six-month deployment on board "Big John," the Marauders relocated to their new home, MCAS Beaufort, South Carolina in March 2000. Following the September 11, 2001 attacks, the Marauders deployed on September 18, steaming for the Arabian Sea and Afghanistan. During four months of combat operations, VFA-82 delivered over 440,000 lb of ordnance and totaled over 3000 hours in support of Operation Enduring Freedom; the Marauders returned to Beaufort on March 28, 2002. The squadron had logged an unprecedented 159 days continuously deployed, the majority of which were combat operations. During the latter half of 2002, the squadron trained against F-16 Falcons in Burlington, at one point were detached to Roosevelt Roads Naval Station, Puerto Rico. During the NAS Key West detachment, Marauders pilots had the opportunity to fly against German Air Force MiG-29s. VFA-82 was disestablished effective September 30, 2005 in accordance with a directive issued on July 5, 2005. History of the United States Navy List of inactive United States Navy aircraft squadrons List of United States Navy aircraft squadrons http://dodssp.daps.mil/Directives/notices/3111_135.pdf - directive disestablishing VFA-82 http://mashable.com/2016/02/05/another-vietnam-photography/ - picture of a VA-82 plane downed in Vietnam

Sergey Stanev

Sergey Stanev is a Bulgarian footballer of Ukrainian descent, who plays for Kaliakra Kavarna as a forward. His career started in 1995 at Chernomorets Football Club, where he had been till 2000. Over the course of the next 3 years he played for Spartak Varna. During season 2002/03 14-year old Sergey scored 71 goals for the junior team of Spartak. At the age of 15, because of his good displays, he relocated to Germany, in junior school of FC Sachsen Leipzig. Stanev returned from 2003 till 2006 played for Naftex Burgas. In 2007, he moved to Lokomotiv Plovdiv. In October 2007 Sergey was loaned out to Brestnik 1948. In this period, for three months Stanev earned 9 appearances playing in the Bulgarian V AFG, scored seven goals and provided five assists. In 2008 Stanev played for Sportist Svoge in the Bulgarian second division. On 23 February 2009, Spartak Varna signed Stanev to a three-year deal, he was given the number 17 shirt. Sergey made his team debut one day in a 3-0 friendly win against amateur FC Aksakovo.

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