Alcazar Garden is a garden in San Diego's Balboa Park, in the United States. Media related to Alcazar Garden at Wikimedia Commons Alcazar Garden in Balboa Park San Diego, California USA on YouTube, The Travel Channel
George W. Marston House
The George W. Marston House, or George Marston House and Gardens referred to as the George and Anna Marston House or the Marston House, is a museum and historic landmark located in San Diego and maintained by Save Our Heritage Organisation; the George W. Marston House is located in San Diego, California; the home is surrounded by five acres of lawns and gardens. Completed in 1905, the house is considered a prime example of architecture from the Arts and Crafts Movement. Home to George White Marston and his wife, Anna Gunn Marston, the three-story house and gardens were a lively family home, where two of the five Marston children were married and the eldest lived out her life; the house was built by renowned architects William Sterling Hebbard and Irving Gill. Inside the house, the rooms are furnished with a variety of different pieces designed by renowned Gustav Stickley, L. & J. G. Stickley, Charles Limbert. Other notable furnishings are the Gill, Mead & Requa furniture and the plein air art exhibit featuring paintings by artists Alfred Mitchell, Maurice Braun and Charles Fries.
Many of the family's original items are still on display at the museum. According to the Marston House general release, "the family lived on two floors plus an attic. On the first floor, redwood-paneled rooms unfold off a wide hallway, which narrows to include a bench built into the staircase; the living room and adjoining oak-paneled dining room open onto the south terrace and overlook the lawn and canyon. Including the second floor’s north wing, the house has six bedrooms, a sleeping porch and four baths." The Marston House was converted into a museum in 1987 after the Marston family gave the house to the City of San Diego. It is maintained by Save Our Heritage Organisation, which runs the museum and the shop located in the carriage house on the property; the Marston house gardens were designed in 1905 by landscape gardener George Cooke. The house and gardens were upgraded during the late 1920s. Hale Walker, from the landscape architectural firm of John Nolen Cambridge, redesigned the grounds and in particular the rear formal garden which coincided with the Marstons’ 50th wedding anniversary.
The garden spans over 5 acres with lush exotic and native trees, shrubs and flowers. The Marston's acquired plants and landscaping ideas from their friend noted pioneer horticulturist Kate O. Sessions, as well as local San Diego nurserymen; some of the plants found in the garden at its prime and still extant today are: Pinus canariensis Canary Island Pines and Quercus agrifolia California Oaks, Ceanothus leucodermis, wild lilacs, Solandra guttata Mexican Cup of Gold vines and Queen Elizabeth roses, daughter Mary Marston's favorite. Many of the original plants survive and Save Our Heritage Organisation is restoring other features of the garden as well; the geranium, a flower considered to represent the legacy of George Marson and the Marston House makes an appearance in the garden. George Marston was a prominent civic leader in San Diego, he was a founder of the San Diego Historical Society. He may be best known for preserving the site of the San Diego Presidio, the first European settlement in present-day California, which had fallen into ruins.
He bought the site in 1907, built a private historical park in 1925, donated it to the city in 1929. Presidio Park is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places, he owned the Marston department store, created after he split the store business with his partner Hamilton. The Marston Company became the only major department store in San Diego, was located downtown, its success was due to exclusive business arrangements Marston made with several suppliers. He was a generous philanthropist in the city, he opened a store in Mission Valley called "Marcie's" named after his daughter. The Marston department store, at 5th Avenue and C Street, was owned by the family until they sold it in 1961 to The Broadway Stores, it has since closed. George Marston Save Our Heritage Organisation George P. Marston House, owned by his father
George White Marston was an American politician, department store owner, philanthropist. Marston was involved with establishing Balboa Park, the San Diego Public Library System, San Diego Presidio Park, his contributions to San Diego earned him the affectionate title of "San Diego's First Citizen." Marston was born in Wisconsin. As a boy, Marston learned to ice skate, his father had a chronic respiratory ailment and wanted to live in a better climate for his health, so the family moved to San Diego in 1870. Marston was a clerk in the Horton House Hotel entered the mercantile business as a bookkeeper with the firm of Aaron Pauly & Sons general merchandise store and warehouse merchants. Pauly was the founder of the San Diego Chamber of Commerce. Marston was its secretary and its president. In 1872, Marston clerked for storekeeper Joseph Nash, he and partner Charles Hamilton ran the store. After Marston's marriage, he split the store business with his partner Hamilton, with Hamilton taking the grocery side and Marston taking the dry goods.
The Marston Company became the only major department store in San Diego, was located downtown. Its success was due to exclusive business arrangements Marston made with several suppliers, he was a generous philanthropist in the city. The Marston department store, at 548 C Street, San Diego, was owned by the family until they sold it in 1961 to Broadway, it has since closed. His business trips took him to major cities such as San Francisco and New York City, where he saw great urban parks; this developed a desire to see San Diego's Balboa Park become as great. As a result of his efforts in park development and planning, Marston helped make Balboa Park a local landmark. Marston hired architect John Nolen to develop the first plan for the park in 1908 and a more-detailed plan in 1926. Marston served as chairman of the Buildings and Grounds Committee for the 1915 Panama–California Exposition in Balboa Park; the Exposition established an infrastructure of museums and attractions for the park that still exists today.
A statue by Ruth Hayward of Marston with other significant founders of San Diego stands in Balboa Park. In 1907, Marston bought Presidio Hill with the intent of preserving the old Presidio of San Diego, the first European settlement in present-day California, which had fallen into ruins, he couldn't get anyone interested in the project, so he built Presidio Park in 1925 with his own funds, hiring Nolen to plan the park. He commissioned the building of the Serra Museum, designed by architect William Templeton Johnson, in Presidio Park, he donated the park to the city in 1929. Presidio Park, still a city-owned historic park, is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Marston served on the first board of trustees for the San Diego Public Library in 1882 and founded the San Diego YMCA, serving as its president for 22 years, he was on the city council from 1887–1889. In 1928 he served as its first president. Marston raised funds and donated his own money to buy land for present-day Torrey Pines State Reserve and Anza-Borrego Desert State Park.
Marston served as a founding trustee for Pomona College and funded a number of the campus's early buildings. George Marston's Residence at 3525 Seventh Avenue was designed by Irving Gill and William S. Hebbard architects in 1904/1905; the residence was planned to be built in English Tudor style, but was completed in the Arts and Crafts style, becoming in vogue. The property, dubbed the George W. Marston House and Gardens, was donated to the City of San Diego by Marston's daughter Mary in 1987 and is now a museum at the northwest corner of Balboa Park. Save Our Heritage Organisation took over operation of the property in July 2009 and is in the process of restoring the gardens and furnishing the home in appropriate period style. Marston was active politically and called himself an "independent", he was raised a Republican, but swung back and forth between Democrat and Republican, supporting the party or person most to push for reform. He supported California's reform-oriented Progressive Party in the early 1920s.
Marston ran for mayor unsuccessfully in 1913 and again in 1917. The 1917 race in particular was a classic growth-vs.-beautification debate. Marston argued for better city planning with more open space and grand boulevards. Wilde called painting Marston as unfriendly to business. Wilde's campaign slogan was "More Smokestacks", during the campaign he drew a great smokestack belching smoke on a truck through the city streets; the phrase "smokestacks vs. geraniums" is still used in San Diego to characterize this type of debate. Local horticulturalist Jim Zemcik has produced a "Geranium George" series of geranium varieties in Marston's honor, including one variety named for his wife Anna Gunn Marston, an avid gardener. In 1878, he married a teacher, they had five children. Her brother Douglas Gunn was the owner and editor of San Diego Union and served as Mayor of San Diego from 1889 to 1891. George Marston died at age 95 at his home in San Diego, he is interred in Mount Hope Cemetery. For the eulogy at his funeral, James A. Blaisdell spoke of Marston's impact on Balboa Park, "Just around the corner lies the central Balboa Park of the city — walks that he laid out — flowers that he planted — trees that he loved — vistas that he foresaw — beautiful buildings that he
Ford Building (San Diego)
The Ford Building, a Streamline Moderne structure in Balboa Park, San Diego, serves as the home of the San Diego Air & Space Museum. The building was built by the Ford Motor Company for the California Pacific International Exposition, held in 1935 and 1936. In the middle of the museum the Ford's Hall is used for weddings, balls and other occasions; the architect was noted American industrial designer Walter Dorwin Teague. The building was styled to resemble a V8 engine; the building overall consists of two different sized circles in the shape of an "8," and in the courtyard of the larger circle there is a large fountain shaped like the Ford V8 logo. The lights in the courtyard are shaped like valves. Along the interior wall of the outer ring is a mural depicting the history of transportation from the times of hunter-gatherers through 1935; the last panel of the mural was left open for the artist to depict his vision of the future of transportation after 1935, still visible today. Ford wanted the building to be a 200-foot tower, but with the building near the flight path of arriving planes at San Diego International Airport, it was lowered to 90 feet.
The size of the building was decreased to 60,000 square feet from the proposed 113,000 square feet. The site for the building was going to be near the Spreckels Organ Pavilion, but was decided to be built in the Palisades area of the park, it took 11 months to complete construction. The main exhibit hall was a cement plaster structure framed by steel. Ford was the exposition's principal exhibitor and invested $2 million in the 45,000-square-foot, 296-foot diameter building to showcase its vehicles and other forms of transportation. Throughout the Exposition, Ford was assembling autos along the outer rings and used the courtyard area to display the latest model automobiles; the newly assembled vehicles were rolled out the large doors on the west side. There was a test track set up down the hill behind the building where visitors could take one of the model autos for a test drive. By the end of the exhibition, 2.5 million people had toured its exhibits. Ford donated the building to the city of San Diego at the exhibition's completion in November 1935.
The city decided to extend the exhibition into 1936 and renamed the building "The Palace of Transportation" to showcase exhibits related to transportation. When the 1936 exhibition concluded, the building was closed and was not available to the public until 1980 when the San Diego Air & Space Museum opened. With the building empty, the National Guard temporarily stored anti-aircraft artillery and searchlights. During World War II, Balboa Park was renamed to Camp Kidd, to be used for U. S. Navy training and hospital wards; the Ford Building was used for training mechanics in aircraft repair and welding from 1941 to 1946. Convair considered using the building for construction of B-24 Liberators until they realized the building was too small to fit the plane's extensive wingspan. From the late 1940s to the 1960s, the building was used for storage for both the Starlight Civic Opera and San Diego's Park and Recreation department. By this point the building was in poor shape and was recommended by a 1960 commission to demolish the building.
In the late 1960s, the building was used a temporary studio space for the Chicano artist group Los Toltecas en Azatlán. In 1973 several San Diego groups instead worked to get the building listed on the National Register of Historic Places, saving it from being destroyed. In 1968, the San Diego Parks and Recreation Department gave Chicano artist Salvador Roberto Torres permission to use the abandoned Ford building as a studio for 6 months. Torres invited other Chicano artists to the building and they formed Los Toltecas en Azatlán. In 1970, Los Toltecas en Azatlán created a proposal to create El Centro Cultural de la Raza in an effort to keep the building as a space for cultural production; the proposal was denied by the San Diego City Government, but the Los Toltecas en Azatlán decide to remain and occupy the building until 1971, when the city agreed on another space for the proposed Chicano cultural center within Balboa Park. During the process of adding the building to the National Register, the San Diego City Council recommended it be used for a new home to the Air and Space Museum.
After its earlier location in the former Electric Building was burned down in an arson fire in 1978, the Ford Building was remodeled to house the museum at a cost of $8 million and opened on June 28, 1980. Ford Building Citations BibliographyChristman, Florence; the Romance of Balboa Park. San Diego: San Diego Historical Society. ISBN 0-918740-03-7. Pescador, Katrina. Wheels to Wings: San Diego's Ford Building. San Diego: San Diego Air & Space Museum. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list Welcome to the San Diego Air & Space Museum—SDAM
Bea Evenson Fountain
Bea Evenson Fountain is an outdoor fountain in San Diego's Balboa Park, in the U. S. state of California. Designed by noted modernist architect Homer Delawie, the fountain honors Bea Evenson, the founding president of the park's Committee of 100, organized in the late 1960s to save or reconstruct the buildings of the Panama–California Exposition of 1915. Built in 1972 on the Plaza de Balboa, the fountain was dedicated to Evenson in May 1981. Media related to Bea Evenson Fountain at Wikimedia Commons
Balboa Stadium is a football and soccer stadium on the West Coast of the United States, located in San Diego, California. Just east of San Diego High School, the original stadium was built 105 years ago in 1914 as part of the 1915 Panama–California Exposition in Balboa Park, with a capacity of 15,000. A horseshoe design that opened to the south, it was designed by the Quayle Brothers architectural firm and called City Stadium; the capacity was raised to 34,000 in 1961 with an upper deck for the San Diego Chargers of the American Football League. Due to seismic safety concerns, the stadium was demolished in the 1970s and a smaller venue with a 3,000-seat capacity was built, opening in 1978. Owned by the City of San Diego, it is leased to the San Diego Unified School District, responsible for its maintenance, it is used for professional soccer and high school events. The stadium has lights; the original stadium was built in 1914 as part of the 1915 Panama–California Exposition in Balboa Park, with a capacity of 15,000.
It was designed by the Quayle Brothers architectural firm and called City Stadium. On May 31, 1915, the stadium was dedicated and around 20,000 people came to watch track and field events. Auto racing took place on a quarter-mile dirt track in Balboa Stadium from about 1937 through July 4, 1961, when the racing stopped so the facility could be used for pro football. Balboa Stadium was one of the hotbeds of midget racing starting in about 1937 until the early 1950s; when interest in midget racing started waning, jalopies became popular. The San Diego Racing Association was started sanctioning the racing. By 1958 the San Diego Racing Assn had transformed from a jalopy association to more sleek modified sportsman. Jalopy champions of the SDRA at Balboa included Glen Hoagland, Jim Wood, Jack Krogh, Harris Mills, Don Ray, Mondo Iavelli. Don Thomas was the inaugural modified champion with Art Pratt being a three time titlest. Rip Erikson took the honors in the 1961 season, split between Balboa Stadium and Cajon Speedway.
Holding events at Balboa Stadium during the 1950s were occasional visits by the URA midgets and the NASCAR Pacific Coast Late Models. During the 1950s it was not unusual for more than 10,000 fans to attend a weekly show at Balboa; the stadium hosted local amateur and professional baseball contests in the period prior to the establishment of the Pacific Coast League Padres in 1936. Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Ty Cobb, Satchel Paige played in Balboa Stadium. College football's Harbor Bowl was held there from 1947 to 1949; the San Diego East-West Christmas Classic was held there in 1921 and 1922. From 1952 through 1955, the stadium hosted the Poinsettia Bowl, contested between armed services football teams; the stadium has been the site of famous races in field. In 1965, high-schooler Jim Ryun from Kansas beat world-record holder and reigning 1500 m Olympic champion Peter Snell of New Zealand in a mile race in 3:55.3 on June 27, an American high school record that stood for 42 years. A year Tim Danielson from San Diego area Chula Vista High School ran 3:59.4 in the same stadium to become only the second high school runner to run a sub-4:00 mile.
Only three high school runners have managed to break that barrier since. Fifty years after Ryun first broke the 4 minute mile, the stadium hosted a "Festival of Miles" featuring a return of Ryun; the first two major meets of the developing age division of Masters athletics were held in Balboa Stadium, July 19–20, 1968, July 3–6, 1969. During the mid to late 1950s a huge musical production, The California Story, was put on in Balboa Stadium as part of the Fiesta del Pacifico celebration; the extravaganza featured a cast of 1,300 people, including a symphony orchestra and a 150-voice choir. Performances were directed by Meredith Willson, who contributed music and lyrics; the production followed the history of California from the arrival of Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo in 1540 through the early 20th century. It was billed as "the biggest non-movie spectacle produced anywhere." To accommodate the American Football League's Chargers, which moved from Los Angeles, the seating capacity was increased from 23,000 to 34,000 by adding an upper deck in May 1961.
It was their home for six years, through the 1966 season. Balboa Stadium witnessed the Chargers' glory years in the American Football League, which featured such players as John Hadl, Lance Alworth, Jack Kemp, Ernie Ladd, hosted the 1961, 1963, 1965 AFL championship games, as well as the 1961, 1962, 1963 AFL All-Star games. In their six seasons here, head coach Sid Gillman's club had a home record of 28–12–2, winning four Western Division titles and one league crown. In 1967, the Chargers left Balboa for the new San Diego Stadium in Mission Valley, where the club's glory slowed and the titles stopped until they won the AFC championship in 1994; the stadium was used for popular music concerts and other public gatherings through the 1960s and 1970s. On August 28, 1965, The Beatles performed at the stadium. Other notable groups performing there included Crosby, Stills and Young, The Doobie Brothers, Led Zeppelin, Peter Frampton, Jethro Tull, Robin Trower, Jimi Hendrix, Pink Floyd, Steely Dan, Jefferson Airplane and Santana.
On September 19, 1919, President
Casa de Balboa
Casa de Balboa is a building in San Diego's Balboa Park, in the U. S. state of California. The building was known as the Commerce and Industries Building, called the Canadian Building, the Palace of Better Housing, the Electric Building. Media related to Casa de Balboa at Wikimedia Commons