Cassis is a commune situated east of Marseille in the department of Bouches-du-Rhône in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, whose coastline is known in English as the French Riviera, in Southern France. It is a popular tourist destination, famous for its cliffs and the sheltered inlets called calanques; the wines of Cassis are white and rosé, not to be confused with crème de cassis, a specialty of Burgundy which takes its name from blackcurrants, not the commune. The town is situated on the Mediterranean coast, about 20 kilometres east of Marseille. Cap Canaille 394 metres, between Cassis and La Ciotat is one of the highest maritime bluffs in Europe, a sailor's landmark for millennia, it is east in the department of Bouches-du-Rhône. One of its main beach, called "Bestouan" is made cooler by a karstic source; the site where Cassis now sits was first occupied between 500 and 600 BC by the Ligures, who constructed a fortified habitation at the top of the Baou Redon. These people lived by fishing, by farming.
The current site of Cassis could have been inhabited by the Greeks, though no proof has yet been found. During the Roman times, Cassis was part of the maritime route made by the Emperor Antoninus Pius, it was a small village, established around the Arena and Corton beaches. The principal livelihood was maritime trade with North Africa and the Middle East. Several archaeological discoveries attest to this. From the 5th to the 10th century, invasions by foreign tribes led the population to seek refuge in the castrum, a fortified city that, in 1223, became the property of the Seigneurie des Les Baux-de-Provence. In the fifteenth century, Cassis was ceded to the Counts of Provence René of Anjou gave the town to the Bishops of Marseille, who ruled the town until the Revolution of 1789. In the eighteenth century, Cassis started to develop outside the ramparts of the fortified city and around the port. After the Bourbon Restoration, new industries developed here, including the drying of cod, the manufacture of olive oil and clothing, coral work, wine-making and the exploitation of local stone.
Stone of Cassis, quarried here since antiquity made the town famous. It has been used for the quays of the large Mediterranean ports (Alexandria, Piraeus and Port Said. A claim that it was used for the base of the Statue of Liberty in New York City gained wide circulation but has been proved apocryphal. Today, the stone is used more for domestic purposes such as the construction of sinks and fireplaces. In the twentieth century, as these industries began to disappear, the workforce turned to tourism and wine making. Cassis was one of the first three vineyards to profit from the appellation d'origine contrôlée introduced in 1936. Cassis is twinned with: Burnham-on-Sea, United Kingdom Portofino, Italy Jean-Jacques Barthélemy and numismatist, was born in Cassis. Henri Crémieux and film actor, died at his house in Cassis; the Allée Henri Crémieux is named in his honour. Jerome Hill, American filmmaker and philanthropist. René Leriche, distinguished surgeon, died in Cassis; the Avenue du Professeur René Leriche is named in his honour.
Rudy Ricciotti, architect whose works include the Musée des Civilisations de l'Europe et de la Méditerranée and the Jean Cocteau Museum, was resident in Cassis as of 2012. Jean-Pierre Teisseire and retired professor of political science at the University of Aix en Provence was the mayor of Cassis from 1995 to 2008. Michel Platini, football player and administrator. Pamela Anderson, world famous Canadian-American actress and prominent activist for the animal rights movement. Adil Rami, Moroccan-French professional footballer who plays as a central defender for French club Olympique de Marseille. Communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône department INSEE Tourism Office of Cassis Tourism Office of Cassis Town Website Town website Bird migration at Cassis Some pictures of Cassis harbor taken from a kite hanging 130 meter above the harbor
Belcodène is a commune situated east of Marseille in the department of Bouches-du-Rhône in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southern France. There is a beautiful cohabitation between the humans. A peaceful and quiet agreement between the two parts can be observed, its inhabitants are called Belcodénois. Communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône department INSEE Official town website
Aubagne is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aubagnaises; the commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Aubagne is located in the Huveaune valley and surrounded by the mountain ranges of Garlaban with Sainte-Baume to the north and 17 km east of Marseille. Aubagne was the main city of the former Agglomeration community of Pays d'Aubagne et de l'Etoile, is part of the Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis since 2016, it is the sixth largest city of the department of Bouches-du-Rhône by population. It is the main producer of Santon figurines and hosts many cultural events each year; the French Foreign Legion has its headquarters in Aubagne. Public transport has been free at the point of use since the year 2000. Access to the commune is by the A50 autoroute from Marseille; the A501 and A52 autoroutes branch off the A50 in the commune and merge to go north to Aix-en-Provence.
Numerous departmental roads go through the commune including: the D96 which goes north to Roquevaire, the D2 which goes east to Gémenos, the D8N which comes from Marseilles and goes south-east to Cuges-les-Pins, the D41E which goes south to Cassis, many other connecting roads within the commune. There are several smaller towns and villages in the commune apart from the main town: Les Arnauds, Les Grands Mellets, Pinchon, La Martelle, L'Agrie, La Coueste, La Thuiliere, Font de Mai. A large proportion of the commune is urban with mountainous terrain to north and southThe main railway from Marseille passes through the commune splitting into two lines - one going north-west and one going south with a station in the town; the Huveaune river flows through the commune from the east flowing west into the Mediterranean sea at Prado beach in the 8th Arrondissement in Marseilles. Aubagne was the first commune in France to be surrounded by autoroutes: the A50 autoroute Marseille-Toulon, the A52 autoroute to Aubagne-Aix-en-Provence, the connecting motorway A501.
Regional TER trains operated call at the Gare d'Aubagne railway station, liking the city with Marseille and Toulon. Local public transport in the city, operated under the Lignes de l'agglo brand, is provided by a network of buses and, since 2014, a single 2.8-kilometre tram line with seven stops between the railway station and Le Charrel. This project has been criticized. Construction started in 2012 and the first phase opened on 1 September 2014, with service provided by eight Alstom Citadis Compact trams. An eastern extension of this line to Les Paluds, as well as a second line to La Penne-sur-Huveaune in the west, has been planned, with a long-term project to link the network to the Marseille tramway. In 2009, Aubagne made bus travel zero-fare, a scheme, subsequent expanded to the tramway since its opening; this makes the Aubagne tramway the first in the world to be free for all users. The death of Queen Joanna I of Naples began a conflict of succession as to who would become the head of the County of Provence.
The Union of Aix, a confederation of cities in the region of Provence, supported Charles, Duke of Durazzo, rather than Louis I, Duke of Anjou. By the spring of 1382 the Lord of Aubagne, François des Baux, supported the Duke of Anjou; this support was conditional upon the Duke helping to restore the queen to her throne. On 4 April 1402 in Brantes, at the foot of Mont Ventoux, in the presence of his wife Alix des Baux, Odon de Villars bestowed upon his nephew Philippe de Lévis the fiefs of Brantes and their dependencies: the Lordships of Saint-Marcel, Roquefort, le Castellet and Port-Miou which were dependencies of the barony of Aubagne, as well as La Fare-les-Oliviers, Éguilles. In return, Philippe de Lévis would be surety for Viscount Raymond of Turenne for the agreement between Odon de Villars, his wife Alix, himself. If Odon and Alix failed to respect the terms of the agreement, they would have to pay 50,000 florins to the viscount. Between 1965 and 2014, Aubagne has elected three Communist mayors: the municipal council is composed of communist and other left-leaning members.
Still, a significant portion of the population supports centre, right-of-centre, or far-right political positions. In the second round of elections in 1988, both a representative of the French Communist Party, Jean Tardito, a representative of the far-right National Front party, Joëlle Melin, were elected. Edmond Garcin, of the Community party, was elected mayor from 1965 to 1987. In 2001, the resignation of Jean Tardito brought Daniel Fontaine to the position of mayor. In 2008 there were 4 candidates in the first round of municipal elections: Daniel Fontaine for The United Left and a civil society, Sylvia Barthelemy for the UMP and the New Centre, Jean-Marie Orihuel for the Democratic Movement, Joëlle Melin for the National Front. In the second round the United Left, the Civil Society, the Democratic Movement joined together to form the Left Union list, renamed the "rainbow". In 2014, the mayorship shifted as Gérard Gazay was elected to the position of mayor after an alliance with Sylvia Barthelemy during the second round.
List of Successive Mayors Agenda 21 sets the terms and conditions for sustainable development in Aubagne which includes providing free public transit, offering a
Carry-le-Rouet is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France. Carry-le-Rouet is a seaside resort located 30 kilometres west of Marseille by highway A55 route D5, set at the foot of pine-covered hills; every year, from December to February, the famous "oursinades", a tasting of sea urchins and various shellfish which are ultra fresh and delicious, is held. Many connoisseurs take part in this festival. Comic actor Fernandel, who built his family's house above the beach in the 1930s; the singer Nina Simone, who lived out the last years of her life in Carry-le-Rouet and died at her home in 2003. Dietmannsried, Germany Busseto, Emilia-Romagna, Italy Communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône department INSEE Carry-le-Rouet town council website
La Ciotat is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southern France. It is part of the Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis. La Ciotat is located at about 25 km to the east of Marseille, at an equal distance from Marseille and Toulon, its inhabitants are called "Ciotadens" or "Ciotadennes". La Ciotat is called "La Ciutat" or "La Ciéutat" or Cióutat" in Occitan/Provençal/Catalan, meaning "the city", it became prominent in the 15th century. La Ciotat was the setting of one of the first projected motion pictures, L'Arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat filmed by the Lumière brothers in 1895. After several private showings, the fifty-second long film was given a public screening on December 28, 1895, in Paris, the first recorded commercial public showing of a motion picture. According to the Institut Lumière, before its Paris premiere, the film was shown to invited audiences in several French cities, including La Ciotat, it was screened at the Eden Theater in September 1896, making that theater one of the first motion picture theaters.
Another three of the earliest Lumière films, Partie de cartes, l'Arroseur arrosé, Repas de bébé, were filmed in La Ciotat in 1895, at the Villa du Clos des Plages, the summer residence of the Lumière Brothers. In 1904 the Lumiere Brothers developed the world's first colour photographs in La Ciotat In 1907 Jules Le Noir invented the game of pétanque in La Ciotat, the first tournament was held there in 1910; the history of the game is documented in the Musée Ciotaden. La Ciotat has a large number of offices uptown; these include some big names such as Ball Packaging. These offices are a major source of employment and income for the local people through the transport and other services they require. Business travelers to La Ciotat drive the local hotel business, which otherwise depends on the tourism season; the primary mode of transport into La Ciotat is the train station, a ten minutes drive from the city centre. The SNCF train service between Marseille and Toulon stops at La Ciotat every hour during the day except for the mid-day one-hour break.
Most parts of La Ciotat are covered by its public transport bus service. Although buses are not frequent, given the small population of the city they serve their purpose; the train station is serviced by route no. 10, 21 and 40 which all go to the La Ciotat downtown station by different routes. Peak time of bus operations are from 8am to 5pm when people are working in the uptown offices of La Ciotat. After 8pm, buses cease their operation. Same is the case on weekends when buses are rare at the train station. Although taxis are available in La Ciotat, it is rare to hail one from the street and they have to be called in. Taxis are hard to hire before 7am and after 8pm. Most call taxis are operated by individuals and are not registered with a central call service number; the dynamics of public transport change during the summer when La Ciotat is visited by scores of tourists. At that time, more taxis service the area and buses operate more frequently; the centre has shopping malls along with branches of McDonald's.
Route 10 passes through the city centre on its way to downtown from the train station. La Ciotat has an artificial sand beach because of its rocky location; the beach is located downtown and is at walking distance from local market, the ship yards and the main bus station. The beach faces the Alps mountain regions on one side and the uphill commercial area on the other side. Most hotels and bars in La Ciotat are located on the same street. La Ciotat has ES La Ciotat, which plays at the Stade Jean Bouissou; the game pétanque was invented in La Ciotat in 1907. The municipal park of La Ciotat, the Parc du Mugel, located on the Anse deu Petit Mugel, is classified as one of the Notable Gardens of France by the French Ministry of Culture. Sheltered by the massive rock called "Le Bec D'Aigle", 155 meters high, it contains both a botanical garden of tropical plants and a nature preserve of native Provençal plants, covering the hillside below the rock; the town has an annual film festival in early June called the'Cinestival', revolves around a specific topic.
It has two other annual film related festivals, with a scriptwriter festival in April and an associated film conference'Berceau du cinema' around two weeks after Cinestival. La Ciotat is twinned with: Bridgwater, England – since 1957 Kranj, Slovenia – since 1958 Singen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany – since 1958 Torre Annunziata, Italy – since 2006 Battle of La Ciotat Calanque Corniche des Crêtes Communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône department List of works by Louis Botinelly INSEE La Ciotat Town Hall website La Ciotat Tourist Information Office website, Musée Ciotaden, La Ciotat International Nautical Exhibition
Aurons is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Auronaises; the commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Aurons is located in the heart of the Massif des Costes mountains some 6 km north-east of Salon-de-Provence. Access to the commune is by the D16 road from Salon-de-Provence which passes through the centre of the commune north of the village and continues north-east to Alleins. Access to the village is by the D68 road from Pélissanne in the south which passes through the village and joins the D16 just to the north of the village. Route No. 8 of the Libébus network serves the commune. Large forests cover much with some farming activity in the north and south. Tributaries of the Vabre rise in the north of the flow west to join the Vabre. Other streams rise in the east of the commune and flows south.
Following the decree of 14 May 1991 defining the seismic zoning of France, Bouches-du-Rhône was divided as follows: Zone II with "average seismicity" for the cantons of: Lambesc, Peyrolles-en-Provence, Salon-de-Provence. Climate data below is for the weather station at Salon-de-Provence, 6 km to the south-west, for the period 1981-2010. From the 12th to the 15th century the priory of Saint-Pierre de Canon belonged to the Abbey of Saint-André Villeneuve-lès-Avignon. Arimondus of Auronis, was Lord of Aurons, he was descended from an old family of knights that participated in the Pélissanne campaign in the 12th and 13th centuries. He must be differentiated from Squire Raymond d'Aurons, co-lord of Rognonas, a member of the family of Rostaing de Auronis, a squire attested in 1345, the noble Pierre de Auronis, co-lord of Aurons, who ceded his manorial rights to Arimondus in court in 1322, he was the son of Hugues de Auronis, the co-lord of Aurons, had property in Pélissanne where he owned Montmajour Abbey.
Aimondus had a son, Pierre de Auronis, alias "Luperiis".". The death of Queen Joanna I of Naples created a crisis of succession for the County of Provence with the cities of the Union of Aix supporting Charles de Duras against Louis I of Anjou; the Lord of Aurons, rallied to the Angevins in 1385 after the death of Louis I. A Revolutionary Surveillance Committee was established in Aurons in 1793, it could not recruit the twelve members required by the decree of the National Convention and has several simple peasants and illiterates as members. This institution was a mark of the height of democracy of the Revolution. Illiterate members took part in turn occupied the post of president; the committee, who were in charge of monitoring the implementation of laws and making lists of suspects, said there were no suspects in the town, only populated by farmers. List of Successive Mayors The commune has many buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments: The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments: A Presbytery The Monastery Saint-Pierre The Chapel Saint-Martin The Parish Church A Monumental Cross at La Grand Fond A Monumental Cross at l'Arénier Communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône department Aurons official website Massif des Costes website Aurons on the old IGN website Aurons on Lion1906 Aurons on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Aurons on the 1750 Cassini Map Aurons on the INSEE website INSEE