Les Cours Mont-Royal
Les Cours Mont-Royal is an upscale shopping centre in Downtown Montreal, Canada, converted from the former Mount Royal Hotel. Designed by Ross and Macdonald, a prolific architectural firm in Montreal and across Canada, completed in 1922, the Mount Royal Hotel was the largest of its kind in the British Empire, with 1,100 rooms. Erected on the former site of the High School of Montreal at 1455 Peel Street, the construction of this building in the Beaux-Arts architectural style was part of a larger trend in the then-largest city of Canada to attract high-class tourists with luxurious edifices. Other famous buildings by Ross and Macdonald in Montreal include Holt Renfrew, the Montreal Neurological Institute, the downtown Eaton's building, the Dominion Square Building and Trinity Memorial Church in Westmount; the interior was gutted and the exterior was cleaned and repaired in the late 1980s. The only internal remnant of the hotel is the ceiling of the big entrance lobby; this lobby has a huge chandelier taken from the Monte Carlo casino.
The shopping area is organized around four large courts, hence the French name "Les Cours". Under the main skylight there are six bird-human sculptures by the Inuit artist David Ruben Piqtoukun; the top of the building has several floors of luxury condos. They have separate elevators and entrances, set apart from those of the shopping centre's street doors and subway tunnels. In between the top condo levels and the mall at the base there are several floors of office space. Les Cours Mont-Royal Shopping Centre is composed of fashion retailers, with a few additional features and services including Montreal's largest spa, a medical clinic and a catwalk for fashion shows and other events; the current list of boutiques in Les Cours Mont-Royal includes: Metro Level Carre Confiseries Coup Coeur Cordonnerie Delilah Epilab Fixtasse Forever Flawless CE2ND Karim Kashmir Kooka Liquid Nutrition Marva Mat&Max Mercurl Mia Mix Mobilite GSM Mona Regalo Rubis sur l’ongle Shako Uniglobe Vape Shop Yoko Zoe 5 AVENUE2nd FLOOR Aritmetik Au Pain Doré Green Café Barbie Expo Boutique Monroe Dalcci Stones Desigual Inwear lllMNKYS LACE Matinique Sarah Pacini3rd FLOOR DKNY Ethan Allen Harry Rosen Maison 14554th FLOOR Pure Salon Spadiva Takara Les cours Mont-Royal It is connected via the underground city to Peel metro station.
Ulysses Travel Guides Collective. Montreal. Montreal: Ulysses Travel Guides. ISBN 978-2-89464-797-4. P. 99. Official website Official Medical Clinic Website Official Spa Website Photograph:Mount Royal Hotel, 1923 - McCord Museum
Jean Coutu Group
The Jean Coutu Group Inc. is a Canadian drugstore chain headquartered in Varennes, Quebec. Since 2017, the main distribution warehouse is located in Varennes, though there is a large distribution warehouse in Hawkesbury, Ontario since 2005, it has more than 400 franchised locations in New Brunswick and Quebec under the PJC Jean Coutu, PJC Clinique, PJC Santé banners. The company was once the third largest distributor and retailer of pharmaceuticals and related products in North America, with nearly 2,200 drug stores, its American stores have been sold to Rite Aid. The company is known for its private line "Personnelle", which produces a wide variety of products such as cosmetics and pharmaceutical products; the company was co-founded in 1969 by Jean Coutu and Louis Michaud, as a pharmacy in the east end of Montreal. The company became incorporated in 1973 under the name Services Farmico, enticed by the five branches set up in Montreal; the name was changed 13 years to its current name, the Jean Coutu Group Inc. and was put on the stock exchange.
In 1982 it entered the New Brunswick market and the Ontario market in 1983. Beginning in 1987, the company began a series of acquisitions. Over the past 20 years, the Jean Coutu Group has acquired Cadieux drugstores, twelve Cloutier Pharmacy outlets, sixteen Douglas Drug Inc. outlets, 221 outlets of the Brooks Drug Store, Rite Aid drugstores, retail properties, eight Mayrand drugstores, 19 Cumberland stores, many more in the United States. The Jean Coutu Group was the first in Canada to set up an online service that allows customers to refill their prescriptions a year expanded this concept by having the same system but that could be done over the telephone; some of the titles this corporation has earned include "Canada’s Most Respected Corporations", "The Most Admired Company in Quebec", which it has won seven times. With the majority of its franchises in Quebec, it is the province from which it receives most of its revenue, although it has gotten a great deal of profit from the United States.
The main competition are Loblaws and Shoppers Drug Mart, Wal-Mart, Familiprix and Uniprix. Since the end of the 1980s, the corporation has acquired much of its competition, it has become one of the leading companies in Quebec and has been growing throughout the other provinces and into the United States because of its successful integration of acquisitions. There are many different trademarks and they are continuously increasing due to these mergers. Jean Coutu is a public company and is listed under PJC. A. TO. On the Toronto Stock Exchange. In May 2013, Jean Coutu announced that it would move its head office from Longueuil to Varennes, because the present head office is too small. At a cost of $190 million, the new building will be near Autoroute 30 and it will be ready for 2016. In September 2017, Jean Coutu announced it was in talks to be acquired by Metro Inc, a Canadian supermarket chain, for C$4.50bn. The deal closed in May 2018. Coutu's U. S. subsidiary, Rhode Island-based Jean Coutu Group USA Inc. operated along the east coast, under the Brooks Pharmacy banner in New England and Eckerd Pharmacy from Upstate New York and Pennsylvania south to Georgia.
The U. S. operations were sold off in a deal with Rite Aid. Coutu had purchased Brooks in 1994 from the now-defunct Revco drug chain. In mid-2004, Coutu acquired more than half of the Eckerd store network from department store retailer J. C. Penney, it continued to operate those stores under the Eckerd name. From 1999 to 2004 the chain was the second fastest-growing retailer in the world. On August 24, 2006, Rite Aid announced that it would acquire 1,858 Jean Coutu's Eckerd and Brooks U. S. operations for $1.45bn in cash and issuing stock, giving Jean Coutu a 32% equity stake in Rite Aid. Rite Aid announced the acquisition completed on June 4, 2007. In July 2013, Coutu proceeded to the sale of its last shares of Rite Aid. Jean Coutu no longer holds any shares of Rite Aid. Shoppers Drug Mart Familiprix Uniprix Proxim Brunet Official Jean Coutu Group website
A shopping mall is a modern, chiefly North American, term for a form of shopping precinct or shopping center, in which one or more buildings form a complex of shops representing merchandisers with interconnecting walkways that enable customers to walk from unit to unit. A shopping arcade is a specific type of shopping precinct, distinguished in English for mall shopping by the fact that connecting walkways are not owned by a single proprietor and are in open air. Shopping malls in 2017 accounted for 8% of retailing space in the United States. Many early shopping arcades such as the Burlington Arcade in London, the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II in Milan, numerous arcades in Paris are famous and still trading. However, many smaller arcades have been demolished, replaced with large centers or "malls" accessible by vehicle. Technical innovations such as electric lighting and escalators were introduced from the late 19th century. From the late 20th century, entertainment venues such as movie theaters and restaurants began to be added.
As a single built structure, early shopping centers were architecturally significant constructions, enabling wealthier patrons to buy goods in spaces protected from the weather. In places around the world, the term shopping centre is used in Europe and South America. Mall is a term used predominantly in North America. Outside of North America, "shopping precinct" and "shopping arcade" are used. In North America, Persian Gulf countries, India, the term shopping mall is applied to enclosed retail structures, while shopping centre refers to open-air retail complexes. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, "malls" are referred to as shopping centres. Mall refers to either a shopping mall – a place where a collection of shops all adjoin a pedestrian area – or an pedestrianized street that allows shoppers to walk without interference from vehicle traffic. In North America, mall is used to refer to a large shopping area composed of a single building which contains multiple shops "anchored" by one or more department stores surrounded by a parking lot, while the term "arcade" is more used in the United Kingdom, to refer to a narrow pedestrian-only street covered or between spaced buildings.
The majority of British shopping centres are located in city centres found in old and historic shopping districts and surrounded by subsidiary open air shopping streets. Large examples include West Quay in Southampton. In addition to the inner city shopping centres, large UK conurbations will have large out-of-town "regional malls" such as the Metrocentre in Gateshead; these centres were built in the 1980s and 1990s, but planning regulations prohibit the construction of any more. Out-of-town shopping developments in the UK are now focused on retail parks, which consist of groups of warehouse style shops with individual entrances from outdoors. Planning policy prioritizes the development of existing town centres. Westfield Stratford City, in Stratford, is the largest shopping centre in Europe with over 330 shops, 50 restaurants and an 11 screen cinema and Westfield London is the largest inner-city shopping center in Europe. Bullring, Birmingham is the busiest shopping centre in the UK welcoming over 36.5 million shoppers in its opening year.
There are a reported 222 malls in Europe. In 2014, these malls had combined sales of $12.47 billion. This represented a 10% bump in revenues from the prior year. One of the earliest examples of public shopping areas comes from ancient Rome, in forums where shopping markets were located. One of the earliest public shopping centers is Trajan's Market in Rome located in Trajan's Forum. Trajan's Market was built around 100-110 CE by Apollodorus of Damascus, it is thought to be the world's oldest shopping center – a forerunner of today's shopping mall; the Grand Bazaar of Istanbul was built in the 15th century and is still one of the largest covered shopping centers in the world, with more than 58 streets and 4,000 shops. Numerous other covered shopping arcades, such as the 19th-century Al-Hamidiyah Souq in Damascus, might be considered as precursors to the present-day shopping mall. Isfahan's Grand Bazaar, covered, dates from the 10th century; the 10-kilometer-long, covered Tehran's Grand Bazaar has a lengthy history.
The oldest continuously occupied shopping mall in the world is to be the Chester Rows. Dating back at least to the 13th century, these covered walkways housed shops, with storage and accommodation for traders on various levels. Different rows specialized in different goods, such as'Bakers Row' or'Fleshmongers Row'. Gostiny Dvor in St. Petersburg, which opened in 1785, may be regarded as one of the first purposely-built mall-type shopping complexes, as it consisted of more than 100 shops covering an area of over 53,000 m2; the Marché des Enfants Rouges in Paris still runs today. The Oxford Covered Market in Oxford, England still runs today; the Passage du Caire was opened in Paris in 1798. The Burlington Arcade in London was opened in 1819; the Arcade
Le Devoir is a French-language newspaper published in Montreal and distributed in Quebec and throughout Canada. It was founded by journalist and nationalist Henri Bourassa in 1910. Le Devoir is one of few independent large-circulation newspapers in Quebec in a market dominated by the media conglomerate Quebecor. Le Devoir was considered Canada's francophone newspaper of record, although in the 21st century it has been challenged for that title by the increased status of competitor La Presse. Henri Bourassa, a young and promising Liberal Party MP from Montreal, rose to national prominence in 1899 when he resigned his seat in Parliament in protest at the Liberal government's decision to send troops to support the British in the South African War of 1899–1902. Bourassa was opposed to all Canadian participation in British wars and would go on to become a key figure in fighting for an independent Canadian foreign policy, he is considered both a forebear of French Canadian nationalists as well as a Canadian nationalist more generally.
He was an early promoter of the bicultural Anglo-French conception of Canada, an impassioned advocate for the political and cultural equality of all French Canadians within Confederation, wherever they may reside. In 1910 he founded Le Devoir as an outlet for his anti-imperialist Ligue nationaliste and to fight for the rights of French Canadians within Confederation. In its maiden edition, published January 10, 1910, Bourassa explained the name and mission of the newspaper thus: "To ensure the triumph of ideas over appetites, of the public good over partisan interests, there is but one means: awake in the people, above all in the ruling classes, a sense of public duty in all its forms: religious duty, national duty, civic duty."Bourassa headed the newspaper until August 3, 1932, when he was replaced by Georges Pelletier. After the death of Pelletier in early 1947, the role of editor-in-chief would pass to Gérard Filion, ex-editor of La Terre de chez nous, under whose reign the paper would publish controversial critiques of Maurice Duplessis's government in Quebec by journalists and figures such as André Laurendeau.
Claude Ryan, a federalist, took the helm in 1964, followed by Jean-Louis Roy in 1980 and Benoit Lauzière in 1986. In 1990 the paper got its first woman editor-in-chief when Lise Bissonnette succeeded Lauzière establishing the paper's sovereigntist orientation following the federalist years of Ryan and his successors, she would continue on in her post until 1998, with the current editor-in-chief, Bernard Descôteaux, taking over the following year. While the paper has in recent times becomes associated with the Quebec nationalist movement, it is important to note that Bourassa himself was in fact opposed to the notion of a separate territorial entity for the majority French-speaking province, believing instead in an Anglo-French conception of Canada in which French-speaking Canadians would see their culture recognized as equal and protected and encouraged from coast to coast. Instances of this view can be found in both his campaign for Franco-Ontarian rights as well as his ardent opposition to controversial priest and historian Lionel Groulx in the 1920s following Groulx's musing on the possibility and desirability of a separate Quebec state.
This said, the history of Le Devoir would become characterized by varying phases of French Canadian and Québécois nationalism, opening its pages in the troubled 1930s to Groulx and his followers, yet seeing a federalist at its helm in 1964 in the form of Claude Ryan, who in 1978 would go on to become leader of the federalist Quebec Liberal Party. Ideologically, Le Devoir has been a chief voice against military intervention and in favour of pacifism and social democracy, opposing conscription in World War II and endorsing, under federalist Ryan's tenure, the election of René Lévesque's new socialist-inspired Parti Québécois in the 1976 election, despite its platform centred on Québécois nationalism. Once considered a reformist paper, it has been associated less with ideas that challenge the status quo of Quebec's economic and cultural issues. Le Devoir began as several other businesses besides the newspaper; these ventures included a general printer and publishing house, a bookstore, a travel agency.
Trips were organized to coincide with Catholic congresses around the world, as well as for "pilgrimages", allowing Quebecois to visit the French diaspora across North America. Such trips included Acadia and Louisiana; the purpose of the travel venture was, said Napoleon Lafortune, to "extend the'work' of the newspaper to defend the French language and the Catholic faith, but by other means." The unusual service lasted from 1924 to 1947, though it ended at the start of World War II when international civilian travel became difficult. Le Devoir has a low circulation of about 34,000 on weekdays and 58,000 on Saturdays, its financial situation has been precarious, recent years are no exception: in 2002, it had revenues of $14,376,530, with a meager profit of $13,524, while the previous year it had made a small loss. The newspaper's slogan is "Fais ce que dois". "Le Devoir" means "the duty" in French. In 1993, following a redesign by Lucie Lacava, a Montreal-based design consultant, the Society for News Design awarded Le Devoir Best of Show award for "Overall Design Excellence" and in 1994 the same group awarded it its Gold award in the Feature Design category.
In September 2011, the National Film Board of Canada and Le Devoir announced that they will be jointly hosting three interactiv
Alexis Nihon Complex
Alexis Nihon is a 223,000 m2 complex in Downtown Montreal, Canada, consisting of a shopping centre, two office towers, a residential building. The shopping mall is directly connected to the Atwater metro station, which joins the building by a short tunnel with the adjacent Dawson College, by a longer one adjoins nearby Westmount Square. On October 26, 1986, a major fire damaged its 16-story office building and is still considered the city's biggest fire in a skyscraper. At least six stories were destroyed in the blaze. In 2002, the service de sécurité incendie de Montréal was blamed for negligence and incompetence according to the Cour d'Appel du Québec. Several tenants including the federal government sued the then-owner of the building for several million dollars. During the Dawson shooting incident on September 13, 2006, the building was evacuated and some workers thought there were gunshots fired in the complex. Shots did reach the building during the shooting. On April 5, 2017, a minor fire broke out near the roof of the food court.
Minor damage occurred as a result. The shopping mall portion is anchored by Canadian Tire, IGA, Sports Experts, Shoppers Drug Mart and Target. Alexis Nihon, at the corner of Atwater Avenue and Ste-Catherine Street West, is accessible: By Metro: Green line, Atwater Station; this station directly connects to Alexis Nihon Plaza. By Bus: Bus lines 24, 63, 90, 104, 138, 144, 356, 360. By Car: A-720/Ville-Marie Expressway, Exit 2 - Atwater Avenue. By Bicycle: Bicycle stations levels P3 of the parking. By BIXI: BIXI Station De Maisonneuve Boulevard West at the corner of Atwater. By Taxi: Waiting area Atwater Avenue at the corner of de Maisonneuve Boulevard West; the complex is directly connected to the Atwater Metro station and offers numerous services, a variety of shops and superstores, a food court with over 25 restaurants. In the past, it housed Montreal's only downtown IKEA Store, Miracle Mart (later becoming an M-Store, a three-screen cinema operated by Cineplex Odeon and Steinberg's supermarket.
Alexis Nihon Centre Laval List of shopping malls in Montreal Official website Alexis Nihon Group Location of Place Alexis Nihon
Steinberg's was a large family-owned Canadian grocery store chain that operated in the province of Quebec and Ontario. In addition to its flagship supermarket chain, the company operated several subsidiaries across the country; the company went bankrupt in 1992, three years after being sold to private interests, after 75 years in business. Steinberg's began as a grocery store founded in 1917 in Montreal by Jewish-Hungarian immigrant, Ida Steinberg, her five sons, led by Sam Steinberg, grew the company from a tiny storefront on St. Lawrence Boulevard into the most popular and largest supermarket chain in Quebec, it was the first to create the "supermarket" concept in Quebec, in 1934, with expansions into Ontario and parts of New Brunswick. Steinberg's opened more stores in Quebec over the years. Steinberg's entered the real estate market in 1952 under the name Ivanhoe Investments and owned several shopping centres. During the expansion years, the plan was to landbank properties in Quebec for future development into shopping centres and stores.
Ivanhoe turned out to be one of Steinberg's most profitable ventures and continues today under the name Ivanhoe Cambridge. Steinberg's had holdings in food production and distribution. In keeping with increasing French language pressures in Quebec, Steinberg's dropped the possessive "'s" from its name to become "Steinberg" in 1961; this was accompanied with the introduction of a new logo. Despite the change, the chain continued to be referred to as "Steinberg's" among the English-speaking public and media throughout its history and beyond. For several decades, until the late 1980s, Steinberg's was the largest supermarket chain in the province of Quebec. Store outlets could be spotted in nearly every district of the island of Montreal and was a major competitor for chains like Provigo and Metro. Sam Steinberg was one of the first employers to implement mandatory bilingualism for all his personnel and as a result, the company became so entrenched in Quebec culture that among French speakers, "Je fais mon Steinberg" became a synonym for going grocery shopping, regardless of supermarket chain.
In 1959, Steinberg's made its expansion west of Ottawa into Ontario by acquiring 38 Ontario stores that Grand Union had put up for sale. This formed the basis of Steinberg's Ontario division; until Loblaws expanded into Quebec through acquisition, there had been an unspoken agreement between Steinberg's and Loblaws that one would not enter the other's market. What Steinberg's found was that the locations of many of the Grand Union stores they acquired were in less-than-ideal locations compared to their established competitors, over time most were closed or relocated to new stores; the Ontario stores lost money because of competition, poor locations, the imposition of a Quebec style of management and retailing that did not suit the Ontario market. The branding of Steinberg's Ontario's supermarkets was changed in the late 1960s to Miracle Food Marts outside of eastern Ontario, some operating next to a Miracle Mart department store. A new food and drug store chain, Miracle Ultra-Mart stores, was introduced in the mid-1980s.
The main warehousing and administrative offices were in Rexdale. The Ottawa and Brockville stores were part of the Quebec division rather than the Ontario division. At one point a hypermarket was introduced called Steinberg Beaucoup, which consisted of a Steinberg's grocery, a Miracle Mart department store and Le Quick and Pik-Nik restaurants, all under the same roof. In Ontario, they were opened as "Miracle Beaucoup" stores with Miracle Food Mart as the grocery store; the first two Beaucoup stores were opened in Laval and Bramalea, Ontario Steinberg's owned and operated several well-known businesses aside from their own name-brand supermarket chain: Miracle Mart, established in 1961. A discount department store chain, carried clothing, household appliances and goods; the "M" department stores, poor performers since they were opened as Miracle Marts, ceased operations shortly after Steinberg's went bankrupt. Miracle Food Mart, a supermarket chain operating in the Ontario regions where there were no stores of the grocery chain Steinberg's.
Ontario operations had been poor in early years, but by the time they were sold to A&P Canada they were one of the more valuable assets remaining in the company. Valdi, a limited assortment grocery chain in Ontario and the western provinces, Valdi was founded in 1979. Pik-Nik, launched as drive-in restaurants, popular snack-bars operating in shopping malls, established in 1966. Le Quick, a restaurant chain often located in malls with a Steinberg store. Cardinal Distributors, a mail-order gift catalogue, that merged in 1980 with Consumers Distributing Smitty's Super Value Inc. a small Arizona-based supermarket chain, acquired 1981. Xtra, a briefly-operated discount supermarket chain introduced around 1990. Ivanhoe Inc, their real estate and development arm. With its vast real estate portfolio, it was the most valuable asset in the company by the time it was sold off. Steinberg Foods Limited, the company's own Montreal bakery and food production facilities, established in 1966. Trillium Meats, Steinberg's own meat wholesaling company Cartier Refined Sugars Limited, established in 1963.
Steinberg's acquired a large stake in 1966 and acquired the company. In addition, Steinbergs had partial ownership of: Price Club, a popular American wholesale club store. Steinberg was the exclusiv
Norgate shopping centre
Norgate shopping centre is a strip mall built in 1949, in the then-suburb of Saint-Laurent, now the Saint-Laurent borough of Montreal, Canada. Norgate was the first shopping mall in Canada; the first covered mall, the Park Royal Shopping Centre, was built a year in 1950 in West Vancouver. Norgate was built by the developer Maxwell Cummings, it is believed that the mall was owned by the Lupovich family of Montreal. The late Moe and Sam Lupovich were successful owners of the Ideal Dress Company in Montreal, they were leaders in Canada's garment industry. The mall continues to be owned by the family to this day. On 10 March 2008, the anchor tenant, Provigo supermarket, suffered a partial roof collapse due to the weight of snow from the intense snowfall occurring from 8 March through 10 March; the shopping centre is L-shaped, fronting the street at the bottom of the L and its related short-side. The back and front of the L open onto parking lots; the mall was designed by architect Max Kalman. Norgate is located between Décarie Boulevard and Saint-Germain Street as well as between rue Rochon and Côte-Vertu Boulevard fr:Boulevard de la Côte-Vertu.
The bottom of the L coincides with rue Rochon, the short side of the bottom and the long leg of the L correspond with Décarie. The long part of the L sits in the middle of the parking lot, with loading docks along the back, parking spaces all around, running parallel to Decarie. De la Côte-Vertu Boulevard Across Décarie Boulevard from Norgate lies the Côte-Vertu Metro station and the Terminus Côte-Vertu Nord. List of malls in Montreal List of shopping malls in Canada Montreal Gazette: Architect of everyday life celebrates 100th birthday, PEGGY CURRAN, May 31, 2006 Saint-Laurent, Ville de Montréal: Norgate Shopping Centre Ville de Saint-Laurent Archives, p289, Norgate NewMallUnique: Strip Malls Cote Vertu station https://web.archive.org/web/20121014054350/http://www.canada.com/montrealgazette/news/montreal/story.html?id=525181f4-2b35-4b84-a136-e5e0f4435fda