Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa. It covers an area of around 274,200 square kilometres and is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; the July 2018 population estimate by the United Nations was 19,751,651. Burkina Faso is a francophone country, with French as the official language of government and business. 40% of the population speaks the Mossi language. Called the Republic of Upper Volta, the country was renamed "Burkina Faso" on 4 August 1984 by then-President Thomas Sankara, its citizens are known as Burkinabé. Its capital is Ouagadougou; the Republic of Upper Volta was established on 11 December 1958 as a self-governing colony within the French Community, on 5 August 1960 it gained full independence, with Maurice Yaméogo as President. After protests by students and labour unions, Yaméogo was deposed in the 1966 coup d'état, led by Sangoulé Lamizana, who became President, his rule coincided with the Sahel drought and famine, facing problems from the country's traditionally powerful trade unions he was deposed in the 1980 coup d'état, led by Saye Zerbo.
Encountering resistance from trade unions again, Zerbo's government was overthrown in the 1982 coup d'état, led by Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo. The leader of the leftist faction of Ouédraogo's government, Thomas Sankara, became Prime Minister but was imprisoned. Efforts to free him led to the popularly-supported 1983 coup d'état. Sankara renamed the country Burkina Faso and launched an ambitious socioeconomic programme which included a nationwide literacy campaign, land redistribution to peasants and road construction and the outlawing of female genital mutilation, forced marriages and polygamy. Sankara was overthrown and killed in the 1987 coup d'état led by Blaise Compaoré – deteriorating relations with former coloniser France and its ally the Ivory Coast were the reason given for the coup. In 1987, Blaise Compaoré became President and, after an alleged 1989 coup attempt, was elected in 1991 and 1998, elections which were boycotted by the opposition and received a low turnout, as well as in 2005.
He remained head of state until he was ousted from power by the popular youth upheaval of 31 October 2014, after which he was exiled to the Ivory Coast. Michel Kafando subsequently became the transitional President of the country. On 16 September 2015, a military coup d'état against the Kafando government was carried out by the Regiment of Presidential Security, the former presidential guard of Compaoré. On 24 September 2015, after pressure from the African Union, ECOWAS and the armed forces, the military junta agreed to step down, Michel Kafando was reinstated as Acting President. In the general election held on 29 November 2015, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré won in the first round with 53.5% of the vote and was sworn in as President on 29 December 2015. The 2018 CIA World Factbook provides this summary of the issues facing Burkina Faso. "The country experienced terrorist attacks in its capital in 2016, 2017 and 2018, continues to mobilize resources to counter terrorist threats". In 2018, several governments were warning their citizens not to travel into the northern part of the country and into several provinces in the East Region.
The CIA report states that "Burkina Faso's high population growth, recurring drought and perennial food insecurity, limited natural resources result in poor economic prospects for the majority of its citizens". The report is optimistic in some aspects concerning activities being done with assistance by the International Monetary Fund. "A new three-year IMF program, approved in 2018, will allow the government to reduce the budget deficit and preserve critical spending on social services and priority public investments". Called the Republic of Upper Volta, the country was renamed "Burkina Faso" on 4 August 1984 by then-President Thomas Sankara; the words "Burkina" and "Faso" both stem from different languages spoken in the country: "Burkina" comes from Mossi and means "upright", showing how the people are proud of their integrity, while "Faso" comes from the Dyula language and means "fatherland". The "bè" suffix added onto "Burkina" to form the demonym "Burkinabè" comes from the Fula language and means "men or women".
The CIA summarizes the etymology as "name translates as "Land of the Honest Men". The French colony of Upper Volta was named for its location on the upper courses of the Volta River; the northwestern part of present-day Burkina Faso was populated by hunter-gatherers from 14000 BC to 5000 BC. Their tools, including scrapers and arrowheads, were discovered in 1973 through archaeological excavations. Agricultural settlements were established between 3600 and 2600 BC; the Bura culture was an Iron-Age civilization centred in the southwest portion of modern-day Niger and in the southeast part of contemporary Burkina Faso. Iron industry, in smelting and forging for tools and weapons, had developed in Sub-Saharan Africa by 1200 BC. From the 3rd to the 13th centuries AD, the Iron Age Bura culture existed in the territory of present-day southeastern Burkina Faso and southwestern Niger. Various ethnic groups of present-day Burkina Faso, such as the Mossi and Dyula, arrived in successive waves between the 8th and 15th centuries.
From the 11th century, the Mossi people established several separate kingdoms. In the 1890s, during the European Scramble for Africa, the territory of Burkina Faso was invaded by France, colonial control was established following a wa
Centre-Nord is one of thirteen administrative regions of Burkina Faso, a landlocked country in Africa. The population of Centre-Nord in 2006 was 1,203,073; the region's capital is Kaya. Three provinces—Bam and Sanmatenga, make up the region; as of 2010, the population of the region was 1,334,860 with 52.97 per cent females. The population in the region was 8.49 per cent of the total population of the country. The child mortality rate was 55, infant mortality rate was 64 and the mortality of children under five was 116; as of 2007, the literacy rate in the region was 16.6 per cent, compared to a national average of 28.3 per cent. The coverage of cereal need compared to the total production of the region was 70.00 per cent. Most of Burkina Faso is a wide plateau is called falaise de Banfora. There are three major rivers, the Red Volta, Black Volta and White Volta, which cuts through different valleys; the climate is hot, with unreliable rains across different seasons. Gold and quartz are common minerals found across the country, while manganese deposits are common.
The dry season is from October to May and rains are common during the wet season from June to September. The soil texture is porous and hence the yield is poor; the average elevation is around 200 m to 300 m above mean sea level. Among West African countries, Burkino Faso has the largest elephant population and the country is replete with game reserves; the northern regions are arid and have scrub land and semi-deserts. The principal river is the Red Volta, that drains into Ghana; the areas near the rivers have flies like tsetse and similium, which are carriers of sleep sickness and river blindness. The average rainfall in the region is around 25 cm compared to southern regions that receive only 100 cm rainfall; as of 2010, the population of the region was 1,334,860 with 52.97 per cent females. The population in the region was 8.49 per cent of the total population of the country. The child mortality rate was 55, infant mortality rate was 64 and the mortality of children under five was 116; as of 2007, among the working population, there were 70.00 per cent employees, 22.00 per cent under employed, 7.20 per cent inactive people, 7.90 per cent not working and 0.70 unemployed people in the region.
As of 2007, the literacy rate in the region was 16.6 per cent, compared to a national average of 28.3 per cent. The gross primary enrolment was 64.8 per cent, pos-primary was 18 per cent and gross secondary school enrolment was 4.4. There were 118 boys and 112 girls enroled in the primary and post-secondary level. There were 17 teachers in primary & post-secondary level, while there were 500 teachers in post-primary and post-secondary level; as of 2007, there were 476.3 km of highways, 301.4 km of regional roads and 383 km of county roads. The first set of car traffic was 20, first set of two-wheeler traffic was 3,605 and the total classified road network was 1,161; the total corn produced during 2015 was 10,053 tonnes, cotton was 041 tonnes, cowpea was 63,787 tonnes, ground nut was 15,474 tonnes, millet was 69,722 tonnes, rice was 9,746 tonnes and sorghum was 142,311 tonnes. The coverage of cereal need compared to the total production of the region was 70.00 per cent. Burkina Faso gained independence from France in 1960.
It was called Upper Volta. There have been military coups until 1983 when Captain Thomas Sankara took control and implemented radical left wing policies, he was outsed by Blaise Compaore, who continued for 27 years until 2014, when a popular uprising ended his rule. As per Law No.40/98/AN in 1998, Burkina Faso adhered to decentralization to provide administrative and financial autonomy to local communities. There are each governed by a Governor; the regions are subdivided into 45 provinces. The communes are interchangeable. There are other administrative entities like village. An urban commune has 10,000 people under it. If any commune is not able to get 75 per cent of its planned budget in revenues for 3 years, the autonomy is taken off; the communes are administered by elected Mayors. The communes are stipulated to develop economic and cultural values of its citizens. A commune has financial autonomy and can interact with other communes, government agencies or international entities
Provinces of Burkina Faso
The regions of Burkina Faso are divided into 45 administrative provinces. These 45 provinces are sub-divided into 351 departments or communes. Here is a list of the provinces, with their capitals in parentheses: Balé Banwa Kossi Mouhoun Nayala Sourou Comoé Léraba Kadiogo Boulgou Koulpélogo Kouritenga Bam Namentenga Sanmatenga Boulkiemdé Sanguié Sissili Ziro Bazèga Nahouri Zoundwéogo Gnagna Gourma Komondjari Kompienga Tapoa Houet Kénédougou Tuy Loroum Passoré Yatenga Zondoma Ganzourgou Kourwéogo Oubritenga Oudalan Séno Soum Yagha Bougouriba Ioba Noumbiel Poni Geography of Burkina Faso Regions of Burkina Faso Communes of Burkina Faso ISO 3166-2:BF Provinces of Burkina Faso at Statoids.com
The Mossi are a people in central Burkina Faso, living in the villages of the Nazinon and Nakanbe River Basin. The Mossi are the largest ethnic group in Burkina Faso, constituting more than 40% of the population, or about 6.2 million people. The other 60% of Burkina Faso's population is composed of more than 60 ethnic groups the Gurunsi, Lobi and Fulani; the Mossi speak the Mòoré language. The Mossi people originated in Burkina Faso, although significant numbers of Mossi live in neighboring countries, including Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana and Togo. In 1996, the estimated population of Burkina Faso was 10,623,323. Five to six million are Mossi. According to tradition, the Mossi comes from the marriage of a Mamprusi Mandé hunter. Yennenga was daughter of a Mamprusi king in upper east Ghana. While exploring her kingdom on horseback, she lost her way and was rescued by Rialé, a solitary Mandé hunter, they got married and gave birth to the first authentic Mossi, recognised as the father of Mossi people.
The Mossi are directly descended from the Mamprusi people and live in upper east Ghana with a capital of Bawku/Nalerigu. These legendary origins apply only to the ruling class; the Tengabisi and other Mossi peoples do not share these origin myths. As the Mossi people's history has been kept by oral tradition, it is impossible to assign precise dates for the period before colonization. Historians assign the beginning of their existence as a state to the 15th century; the Mossi were able to conquer a vast amounts of territory thanks to their mastering of the horse, created a prosperous empire, kept peace in the region until the beginning of colonialism. The expansion of the Mossi empire was stopped in the 19th century with the initiation of intensive colonisation by the French. French rule weakened the power of the Mossi emperor, the Mogho Naaba. Despite colonization, the Mogho Naaba was given some authority over the Mossi during the French colonial period, he is consulted today for crucial decisions those affecting the destiny of society.
Two great events have affected the status of the Mogho Naaba during colonization: During the initial phase of the French invasion, he retired to the Dagomba kingdom with which the Mossi have always kept brotherly relations. In 1896, the Mogho accepted the French protectorate. Though it has not been recognized, the Mossi played a key role in France's military during World War II, they constituted the greater part of the corps in the military troops of French West Africa, known in French as the Tirailleurs Sénégalais. The Mossi people have organised their society in an original hierarchic process in which family and state are the key elements; the Mossi peoples are heterogeneous. When horsemen invaded from the south they created a political or ruling class, called Nakomse, a spiritual class called Tengabisi. All chiefs come from the ruling class; the Tengabisi include Saya, Nyonyose, Yarse and merchants, others. The origins of the Nyonyose are diverse: In the north their ancestors were Dogon and Kurumba, in the southwest their ancestors were Lela, Nuna and others, in the far east they were Gurmantche.
These people were united into a new ethnicity called Mossi in about 1500. It is a mistake to describe a "Nyonyosé tribe" or the "art of the Nyonyosé" because the Nyonyose do not exist outside Mossi society. All Nyonyosé are Mossi. At the same time, it is a mistake to assume that all segments of Mossi society are culturally identical, for the differences between the Nakomsé and the Tengabisi are striking; the Nakomse are the political class, the Tengabisi are the spiritual class. The highest position in Mossi society is that of the Emperor, given executive power; the Emperor's role is to protect the kingdom. Today, he lives in the historical and present capital of Burkina Faso. Though the political dynamic of the country has changed, the Mogho Naaba is recognised by his people and has substantial authority. Second to the Emperor come the nobles: Nakomse; the Nakomse are all from the family of the Emperor, whether they be brothers, cousins, or otherwise. All dignitaries come from the Emperor's family.
The Nakomse are assigned territories in the kingdom as governorships and rule in the name of the Mogho Naaba. As in the past, the Emperor needs the support of his Nyon-nyonse subjects to exercise his power; the Nyon-nyonse are the peoples. Mossi society is divided vertically into two major segments: the descendants of the horsemen who conquered the peoples on the Mossi plateau are called the Nakomse, all Mossi chiefs come from the Nakomse class; these people use figures as political art to validate their rule over the peoples. The descendants of the ancient farming peoples who had occupied the land from the beginning of time and who, by right of first occupation and are the owners of the land are called the Tengabisi; these Tengabisi can be further divided into groups of smiths, groups of traders and, most important, groups of farmers. The smiths and the traders do not use masks, but the Nyonyose, the “ancient ones” are the principal makers and users of masks in Mossi society, they are all subjects of the emperor.
Gurma is an ethnic group living in Burkina Faso, around Fada N'Gourma, in northern areas of Togo and Benin, as well as southwestern Niger. They number 1,750,000, they might include the Bassaries who live in northern Togo and the Northern Volta of Kingdom of Dagbon, Ghana. Gurma is the name of a language spoken by the Gurma people, part of the Gur language family. See Gurmanchema language and Oti-Volta languages for related languages spoken by the Gurma. In 1985, Dr. Richard Alan Swanson wrote a book about these people, Gourmantché Ethnoanthropology: A Theory of Human Being; the book presents Gourmantché perception of'human being' from the perspective of the people themselves, using their own language texts to illustrate concepts. Concepts of God, the body, life and all known terms for human body parts are discussed. In 2006, in Burkina Faso, Salif Titamba Lankoande published a book on the History and Ethnography of the Gourmantché. In 2012, the Portuguese Dr. João Pedro Galhano Alves, published in Paris a book on the Gourmantché people and culture, on the Ethnobiology of the coexistence among humans and biodiversity in the region of the W of Niger, in Niger.
Since 2005, he published other books and several articles about this subject and about Gourmantché people. This publications are the result of research fieldwork made by the author in the W of Niger, between 2002 and 2010. In 2010 and 2011, the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, from the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas presented a public exhibition based on the research works of this Anthropologist and Ethnobiologist, showing his main data and concepts, a selection of his photographic archive and his collection of ethnographic and ethnobiological objects collected in several research fields. João Pedro Galhano Alves, "Humans and biodiversity in the W of Niger; the Gourmantché culture”, “Bajo el Árbol de la Palabra: Resistencias y Transformaciones entre lo Local y lo Global”, Libro del Congreso, 8º Congreso Ibérico de Estudios Africanos, Grupo de Estudios Africanos, Facultad de Derecho, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 14-16 Junio 2012, Madrid, 2012, pp. 269–270. João Pedro Galhano Alves, "Gourmantché philosophy.
Speaking with the “spiritual beings” of nature’. A study in Niger W region”, “Bajo el Árbol de la Palabra: Resistencias y Transformaciones entre lo Local y lo Global”, Libro del Congreso, 8º Congreso Ibérico de Estudios Africanos, Grupo de Estudios Africanos, Facultad de Derecho, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 14-16 Junio 2012, Madrid, 2012, pp. 270–271. João Pedro Galhano Alves, "Anthropologie et écosystèmes au Niger. Humains, lions et esprits de la forêt dans la culture gourmantché ", Editions l’Harmattan, Paris, 2012, 448 p. João Pedro Galhano Alves, "Antropología y ecosistemas. Vivir en biodiversidad total con leones, tigres o lobos. India – Niger - Portugal", Gobierno de España, Ministerio de Ciencia y Innovación de España, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Rural y Marino de España, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales de España, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas de España, Fondo Europeo Agrícola de Desarrollo Rural, Unión Europea, Madrid, 2011, 168 p. João Pedro Galhano Alves, Soumaïla Mordia Wali, "Coexistence among humans and biodiversity in the W of Niger”, “People makes places.
Ways of feeling the world”, The 10th congress of the International Society of Ethnology and Folklore, Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Panel 315, “Conflicts and perceptions of environment in Natural Protected Areas”, 17–21 April 2011, Lisboa, 2011, p. 248. João Pedro Galhano Alves, "Viver com leões. A coexistência entre humanos e biodiversidade no W do Níger. Os Gourmantché”, Trabalhos de Antropologia e Etnologia, Sociedade Portuguesa de Antropologia e de Etnologia, Vol. 49, Porto, 2009, pp. 57–77. João Pedro Galhano Alves, "The artificial simulacrum world; the geopolitical elimination of communitary land use and its effects on our present global condition”, Eloquent Books, New York, 2009, 71 p. João Pedro Galhano Alves, "From land to a simulacrum world. A coexistência entre humanos e biodiversidade no W do Níger. Os Gourmantché”, Livro do IV Congresso da Associação Portuguesa de Antropologia, Classificar o Mundo, 9-11 Setembro 2009, Associação Portuguesa de Antropologia, Lisboa, 2009, p. 251.
João Pedro Galhano Alves, "Viver com leões. A coexistência entre humanos e biodiversidade no W do Níger. Os Gourmantché”, Programa do IV Congresso da Associação Portuguesa de Antropologia, Classificar o Mundo, 9-11 Setembro 2009, Associação Portuguesa de Antropologia, Lisboa, 2009, p. 45. João Pedro Galhano Alves, “Li
The Fula people or Fulani or Fulɓe, numbering between 38 and 40 million people in total, are one of the largest ethnic groups in the Sahel and West Africa dispersed across the region. Inhabiting many countries, they live in West Africa and northern parts of Central Africa but in, South Sudan and regions near the Red Sea coast. A significant proportion of the Fula – a third, or an estimated 12 to 13 million – are pastoralists, making them the ethnic group with the largest nomadic pastoral community in the world; the majority of the Fula ethnic group consisted of semi-sedentary people as well as sedentary settled farmers, artisans and nobility. As an ethnic group, they are bound together by their history and their culture. More than 90% of the Fula are Muslims; the Fulas are leaders in many West African countries. These include the president of Muhammadu Buhari, they are leaders in International Institutions such as the Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, Amina J. Mohammed. There are many names used in other languages to refer to the Fulɓe.
Fulani in English is borrowed from the Hausa term. Fula, from Manding languages, is used in English, sometimes spelled Fulah or Fullah. Fula and Fulani are used in English, including within Africa; the French borrowed the Wolof term Pël, variously spelled: Peul and Peuhl. More the Fulfulde / Pulaar term Fulɓe, a plural noun has been Anglicised as Fulbe, gaining popularity in use. In Portuguese, the terms Fula or Futafula are used; the terms Fallata Fallatah or Fellata are of Kanuri origins, are the ethnonyms by which Fulani people are identified by in parts of Chad and in Sudan. The Fula people are distributed, across the Sahel from the Atlantic coast to the Red Sea in West Africa; the countries where they are present include Mauritania, Senegal, the Gambia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso, Guinea Bissau, Ivory Coast, Chad, South Sudan the Central African Republic, as far east as the Red Sea in Sudan and Egypt. With the exception of Guinea, where the Fula make up the largest ethnic group, Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger, Fulas are either a significant or a minority ethnic group in nearly all other countries they live in.
Alongside, many speak other languages of the countries they inhabit, making many Fulani bilingual or trilingual in nature. Such languages include French, Bambara and Arabic. Major concentrations of Fulani people exist in the Fouta Djallon highlands of central Guinea and south into the northernmost reaches of Sierra Leone; this is the area known as the Fombina meaning "The South" in Adamawa Fulfulde, because it represented the most southern and eastern reaches of Fulɓe hegemonic dominance in West Africa. In this area, Fulfulde is the local lingua franca, language of cross cultural communication. Further east of this area, Fulani communities become predominantly nomadic, exist at less organized social systems; these are the areas of the Chari-Baguirmi Region and its river systems, in Chad and the Central African Republic, the Ouaddaï highlands of Eastern Chad, the areas around Kordofan and the Blue Nile, Kassala regions of Sudan, as well as the Red Sea coastal city of Port Sudan. The Fulani on their way to or back from the pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, settled in many parts of eastern Sudan, today representing a distinct community of over 2 million people referred to as the Fellata.
While their early settlements in West Africa were in the vicinity of the tri-border point of present-day Mali and Mauritania, they are now, after centuries of gradual migrations and conquests, spread throughout a wide band of West and Central Africa. The Fulani People occupy a vast geographical expanse located in a longitudinal East-West band south of the Sahara, just north of the coastal rain forest and swamps. There are an estimated 20-25 million Fulani people. There are three different types of Fulani based on settlement patterns, viz: the Nomadic/Pastoral or Mbororo, The Semi-Nomadic and the Settled or "Town Fulani"; the pastoral Fulani move around with their cattle throughout the year. They do not stay around, for long stretches; the semi-nomadic Fulani can either be Fulɓe families who happen to settle down temporarily at particular times of the year, or Fulɓe families who do not "browse" around past their immediate surroundings, though they possess livestock, they do not wander away from a fixed or settled homestead not too far away, they are "In-betweeners".
Settled Fulani live in villages and cities permanently and have given u
Plan International is an independent development and humanitarian organisation which works in 71 countries across the world, in Africa, the Americas, Asia to advance children’s rights and equality for girls. Plan International is one of the world's largest organisations working for children's rights and gender equality. In 2016, Plan International reached 17.1 million girls and 15.5 million boys through its programming. Plan International focuses on: Child protection, child participation, economic security, health and reproductive health and rights, water and sanitation. Plan International provides training in disaster preparedness and recovery, has worked on relief efforts in countries including Haiti and Japan. Plan International sponsors the Because I Am a Girl campaign, envisioned as a global movement to ensure girls everywhere can learn, lead and thrive. Plan International was founded in 1937 during the Spanish Civil War by British journalist John Langdon-Davies and aid worker Eric Muggeridge.
The organization was founded with the mission of promoting the rights of children. The organisation was set up by British journalist John Langdon-Davies and refugee worker Eric Muggeridge in 1937, with the original aim to provide food and education to children whose lives had been disrupted by the Spanish Civil War. 1930s – Plan International was founded as"Foster Parents Plan for Children in Spain." 1940s – During World War II, the organization became known as "Foster Parents Plan for War Children" and worked in England, helping displaced children from all over Europe. After the war, Plan International extended aid to children in France, Italy, the Netherlands, Greece and in Poland and China. 1950s – As Europe recovered, Plan International moved out of these countries and opened new programs in less developed countries. It became "Foster Parents Plan Inc." to reflect the goal of bringing lasting change to the lives of children in need, whatever their circumstances. 1960s – Foster Parents Plan expanded its work to countries in South America and Asia.
In 1962, U. S. First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy was honorary chairwoman during Plan's Silver Jubilee. 1970s – In 1974, the global name became Plan International as programs now spanned South America and Africa. 1980s – Belgium, Germany and the UK joined Canada, the US, Australia and the Netherlands as donor countries. Plan International was recognised by the United Nations Social Council. 1990s – Plan International offices opened in France, Finland, Denmark and the Republic of Korea. 2000s – The name Plan International evolved and a unified global identity was created to help make the organization more recognized around the world, the logo was updated. 2017 – Plan International launched a new "International Global Strategy 2017–2022", which places an added emphasis on working with girls. The traditional blue logo was updated. 2018 – Plan International confirmed six cases of sexual abuse and child exploitation by staff or associates. Plan International's income comes from supporters who sponsor children and the remainder is raised through donations and grants.
An average of 77% of this money goes directly to supporting Plan International’s development and humanitarian work. The remainder is spent on fundraising initiatives and maintaining an international network of support staff. Plan International publishes annual reports detailing its spending activity; the organization receives funding to implement grants from a range of multilateral institutions, such as the UK's Department for International Development, Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, United States Agency for International Development, other multilateral agencies. Plan International adheres to several international standards and quality assurance mechanisms including the International Non-Governmental Organisations Commitment to Accountability Charter and the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief. Anil Kapoor, who starred in Danny Boyle’s film Slumdog Millionaire, is an ambassador for Plan India.
He donated his entire fee for the movie to the NGO’s Universal Birth Registration campaign. Slumdog Millionaire’s stars, Dev Patel and Freida Pinto, were among cast members who attended a screening of the film at Somerset House in London, where over £2,000 was raised for Plan’s work in Mumbai, the setting of the film. In the U. S. some notable celebrity endorsers associated with Plan International include Jacqueline Kennedy, David Elliot, Beau Bridges, Dina Eastwood, Scott Bakula, Nicholas D. Kristof a child sponsor. In 2015 Mo'ne Davis teamed up with the brand M4D3 to design a line of sneakers for girls, with some of the proceeds going toward the Plan International’s Because I Am a Girl campaign; the organization was featured in the 2002 film About Schmidt. Because I Am a Girl Convention on the Rights of the Child International Day of the Girl Child Odisha State Child Protection Society National branches: Plan UK Plan Canada Plan USA Media related to Plan International at Wikimedia Commons Official website