Bannerman Park is a Victorian-style urban park located in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador; the park was opened in 1891. Sir Alexander Bannerman, Governor of the Colony of Newfoundland from 1857 to 1864, donated the land to create the park. Today, the park is surrounded by Victorian bed and breakfasts, it contains playground, a baseball diamond and many large open grassy areas. A revitalization plan for the park was launched in 2010 and completed in 2015. Upgrades included an outdoor skating loop, a new playground, upgrades to the pool area and a new entrance. Bannerman Park plays host to many festivals and sporting events, most notably the Newfoundland and Labrador Folk Festival, it is the finishing location for the Tely 10
Bowring Brothers Ltd. was a Canadian operator of retail stores focused on gifts and home decor, throughout Canada. Bowring was formed in 1811 as a private company by Benjamin Bowring and his family, who had just moved to St. John's, Newfoundland. Benjamin Bowring, an English clockmaker, set up shop in that business, while his wife Charlotte established a dry goods store which evolved into a large department store on Water Street. Bowring Brothers was engaged as a shipowner and general merchant, steamship agent. From 1811 to date Bowring Brothers has been continuously engaged in Newfoundland's commerce, at its peak the company had various operations on a global scale. After World War II, the company focused on its retail business, including the department store in St. John's and a chain of over 100 gift shops in shopping malls across Canada and the US; the Bowring family sold the chain to new owners in the late 1980s or early 1990s, following which the St. John's store closed, leaving Bowring without any retail presence in the province for over a decade.
In the early 2000s, Bowring began to shift its energy towards a series of "home stores" in power centres across Canada numbering 34 - including one in St. John's - but continues to operate 31 mall stores in larger centres. Fred Benitah and Chief executive officer of the owned home-goods retailer Benix & Company, Inc. purchased the insolvent Bowring Brothers chain in October 2005. Fred Benitah and his brother Isaac Benitah together controlled a number of retailers including Fairweather, International Clothiers and Benix & Co. After U. S. retailer Bombay Company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection on September 20, 2007, the U. S. business operations and inventory were acquired by a joint venture of Gordon Brothers Retail Partners, LLC and Hilco Merchant Resources, LLC. on October 12, 2007 while Bombay's Canadian operations were acquired by Bowring and Benix & Company. On November 6 2018, Fluid Brands Inc and is owned by retail mogul, Fred Benitah, claimed insolvency, they obtained protection from creditors under the Insolvency Act.
According to documents, Fluid Brands Inc is 50 million in debt. As of November 2018, both Bowring and The Bombay Company have shut down all supplier websites and are in liquidation process; as of January 2019 all Bowring and Bombay stores are closed. Bowring Park, a park built on land donated by the company Bowring Downtown Centre, an office complex redeveloped from the former Bowring department store in St. John's dead link
Grand Concourse (St. John's)
The Grand Concourse is an integrated walkway and green space network connecting 10 municipalities in the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It has over 200 kilometers of walkways linking every major park, river and green space in the Northeast Avalon region; the Grand Concourse is managed by the Grand Concourse Authority, a non-profit organization with a Board of Directors made up of representatives from a variety of community-based and government groups. The Grand Concourse was first developed through the generosity of the Johnson Family Foundation with Paul Johnson as its president and founder. A series of studies commissioned between 1989 and 1992 by the Foundation established the feasibility of connecting walks and parks via the publicly owned shorelines of aquatic networks throughout the St. John's Urban Region. Trails had been built by St. John's, the Province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Parks Canada, the Quidi Vidi/Rennie's River Development Foundation, providing a start for the Grand Concourse.
Four demonstration Walkways were built by the Johnson Family Foundation: Lake-to-Lookout Cuckold Cove Rennie's River to Memorial University Riverdale to Memorial UniversityAn overall plan was developed to extend the Walkway Network from Signal Hill in the east, to Octagon Pond in the west. This plan was completed in 2004 but efforts continue by involved members to maintain and further develop the Grand Concourse. In 1994, the Grand Concourse Authority was established under a Provincial Charter with a mandate to design and construct the Grand Concourse, it is a charitable, non-profit organization comprising 15 member groups who contribute funds for operations. Members have included Crown Corporations, Community Organizations, all levels of Government. Together the Members of the GCA have completed over 350 community-development projects since 1994; as of 2006, the cost to construct the Walkway Network was well over $27 million. Today, the GCA runs an extensive maintenance program in the City of St. John's, while continuing walkway expansion throughout the Northeast Avalon Region of Newfoundland.
The Authority participates in various environmental initiatives, open space and park development projects, as well as promotion and public education The following municipalities, crown corporations, organizations make up the Board of the Grand Concourse Authority: City of St. John's City of Mount Pearl Town of Paradise Town of Conception Bay South Town of Portugal Cove-St. Philip's Town of Torbay Town of Logy Bay-Middle Cove-Outer Cove Town of Flatrock Town of Pouch Cove Town of Bay Bulls Bowring Park Foundation Johnson Family Foundation Manuels River Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador C. A. Pippy Park Commission St. John's Port Authority Suncor Energy Fluvarium The following walkways and trails are considered part of the Grand Concourse network: Canadian Parks and Recreation Association, 2001 - Award for Excellence in Innovation. Newfoundland T'Railway Council, 2001 - Trailblazer of the Year Award. St. John's Clean and Beautiful, Community Organization Award 2003 - Harbourside Park.
Historic Sites Association of Newfoundland and Labrador, Manning Heritage Award 2003 - Bishop Spencer School Memorial. Canadian Society of Landscape Architects, National Honour Award 2003. CSLA Regional Honour Award 2004 - Bowring Park Duck Pond Rehabilitation Project. CSLA Regional Citation Award 2005 - Walkway Maintenance Manual. American Society of Landscape Architects 2005 - National Honor Award. Canadian Institute of Planners, 2011 - Vision in Planning Award. Official Site
SS Florizel, a passenger liner, was the flagship of the Bowring Brothers' Red Cross Line of steamships and one of the first ships in the world designed to navigate icy waters. During her last voyage, from St. John's to Halifax and on to New York City, she sank after striking a reef at Horn Head Point, near Cappahayden, with the loss of 94 including Betty Munn, a three-year-old girl, in whose memory a statue of Peter Pan was erected at Bowring Park in St. John's. Bowring Brothers were the operators for the New York and Halifax Steamship Company, Limited; the Bowring fleet of ships of that era were given names from Shakespearean plays: Florizel was named after young Prince Florizel in The Winter's Tale. Florizel was a passenger liner, built for the Bowring Brothers to replace an earlier ship, the SS Silvia, lost at sea. At the time of Florizel's construction she was considered a luxury liner, she was one of the first ships in the world to be designed to navigate the icy waters around Newfoundland and Labrador.
The vessel was modified each spring to participate in the annual seal hunt, an additional source of income. She was built of steel and had a rounded bow and a flat bottom, to enable her to slide up on an ice floe and break through. Captained by Captain Abram Kean, she participated in the rescue of sealers during the Great 1914 Newfoundland Sealing Disaster and she broke many records on her numerous voyages to the seal hunt. Florizel was used as a transport vessel during World War I. Before its conversion into a troopship, the sealing steamer only accommodated 50 crew and 250 passengers. In October 1914 she carried the first 540 volunteers of the Blue Puttees, she joined a fleet of 33 Atlantic liners and six Royal Navy warships, to form the largest contingent of troops to cross the Atlantic for Europe. Florizel departed St. John's on Saturday, 23 February 1918, for Halifax and on to New York, with 78 passengers and 60 crew. Among the passengers were many prominent St. John's businessmen. Shortly after the vessel passed through the St. John's Narrows at 8:30 PM the weather turned nasty.
The vessel's log was not deployed due to the ice conditions. After sighting the Bay Bulls Lighthouse and losing sight of land at 10:20 PM, none of the three lighthouses south of Bay Bulls were sighted. After eight hours of steaming southward, Captain Martin reckoned that he had rounded Cape Race, maintained his order for full speed, ordered the final course change at 4:35 AM to West by South. At this point, without the benefit of either the log or lighthouse sightings, the Captain had only soundings and engine RPMs to verify DR position, however neither were utilized. Florizel, had traveled just 45 miles and was well short of the Cape; the sea crashing against the rocks at Horn Head Point was white with froth and Captain Martin mistook it for ice and crashed full speed into the rocks at 4:50 AM. Most of the passengers and crew that survived the initial crash found shelter in the Marconi Shack, the least damaged portion of the ship. An SOS was received by the Admiralty wireless station located at Mount Pearl.
The Evening Telegram newspaper reported, "... first news of the disaster was picked up by the Admiralty wireless station at Mount Pearl in a radio from the stranded ship:'SOS Florizel ashore near Cape Race fast going to pieces.'"By the evening of 24 February, the first rescue ships had arrived to no sign of life. The weather had abated somewhat when light was spotted and a rescue attempt was carried out after the storm had calmed. Of the 138 passengers and crew, 44 had survived the initial crash and 27 hours after the ship had struck ground, the last of the passengers and crew were rescued. Medals of bravery were awarded to several crew members of HMS Briton and HMS Prospero who had responded to the wreck. Captain Martin, who had survived the tragedy, was held responsible for the disaster, because of the lack of soundings taken during the course of the voyage, his certificate was suspended for twenty-one months. It was not until that Captain Martin was found not to have been at fault; the Chief Engineer, J.
V. Reader, had reduced the speed of the vessel as soon as she left port, bypassing the captain's orders to proceed at full speed; this action had caused the ship to make less distance. The reason cited for Reader's action was to prolong the trip to Halifax such that the vessel would have to dock overnight and allow Reader time to visit his family while there. Patrick Laracy, owner of the Crescent theater in St. John's. John Shannon Munn, managing director of Bowring Brothers, with his three-year-old daughter, Elizabeth Shannon "Betty" Munn. James H. Baggs, Bay Of Island First class Second class J. P. Kiely, owner/manager of the Nickel Theatre in St. John's. Francisco Fornas, Spain. Edward Greening, Bonavista. Charles Howell, Trinity. Gordon Ivany, St. John's. Clarence E. Moulton, St. John's. Leonard Nicholl, St. John's. Captain E. C. Perry Chief Engineer Robert Pierson Seaman Joseph Budden Captain Martin Dalton, R. N. R. Seaman Daniel Ralph, R. N. R. Seaman Michael Whelan, R. N. R; these men, along with H. Clouter, C. W. Penny, R.
N. R. Adolphus "Dolf" Morey, R. N. R. G. Westcott, R. Pierson, J. Budden received the Board of Trade Medal for Gallantry in Saving Life at Sea. CNS Archives Lost at Sea Brown, Cassie A Winter's Tale—The Wreck of the Florizel. Doubleday. ISBN 0-9698767-4-2
Sir Richard Anderson Squires KCMG was the Prime Minister of Newfoundland from 1919 to 1923 and from 1928 to 1932. Squires was born in Harbour Grace, Newfoundland in 1880, he started out practising law in St. John's, he served as a member in the government of Edward Patrick Morris from 1913 to 1918. In 1919, Squires started a campaign for the vacant leadership of the Liberal Party, he won the leadership over William Warren. Squires won the election of 1919 over Sir Michael Cashin of the Newfoundland People's Party, he did this by forming an alliance with the Fisherman's Protective Union of William Coaker under the name of the Liberal Reform Party. During his first administration, Squires started the development of the Humber River, he attempted many reforms suggested by Coaker. These reforms would have regulated the fishery but failed because of a collapse in fish prices, blamed on Coaker's reforms. Squires's government attempted to diversify the economy and, to this end, financially assisted the failing transinsular railway operated by the Reid Newfoundland Company nationalizing the railway in 1923.
Squires's government was accused of using bribes to win the 1923 General Election. A cabinet minister Dr. Alex A. Campbell was in the centre of the scandal. Several other cabinet members demanded Campbell be forced to resign; when Squires refused they said. The Attorney General William Warren issued an arrest warrant for Squires. Squires was arrested and released on bond, he resigned as Prime Minister. Squires remained as an independent member. In the next year, Newfoundland saw four governments fall, it was. Squires remained in the background working on a possible return to power. In 1928 Walter Monroe resigned as Prime Minister and was replaced by his cousin Frederick C. Alderdice. In the election of 1928, Squires defeated the Conservatives, his next administration started out well, seeing the election of his wife Helena Squires as the first woman to sit in the House of Assembly. However, Newfoundland was struck hard by the Great Depression. In 1932 Canada refused his request to join the Canadian Confederation.
Widespread unemployment caused by the Great Depression and allegations of corruption against Squires and his government along with the government's inability to deal with the economic crisis created widespread discontent and political instability. In 1932, Squires's finance minister, Peter John Cashin, resigned from the executive council accusing his fellow cabinet ministers of widespread corruption and Squires himself of having falsified council minutes to hide the fact that he had been receiving secret payments out of public funds. Cashin's charge inflamed a public, seized by discontent due to the deteriorating economic situation in the country. On April 5, 1932, a large parade was organized by the opposition, they marched to the Colonial Building, the seat of the House of Assembly. There were over 10,000 people at the protest and things got out of control, leading to the 1932 Colonial Building riot; the crowd got angry. After a short while, several people managed to break into the building.
Squires and government members had to escape around the back. Squires was nearly caught trying to get into a cab. Squires had little choice but to dissolve his government and call an election, the result of, the defeat of the Liberal government and the loss of Squires's own seat; the Liberals won only two seats out of 28. Alderdice, still leader of the opposition, came to power and went about putting into place a Commission of Government. Squires always remained active in his opposition to the Commission of Government, he died at the age of 60, in 1940. At the time of his death he was Worshipful Grand Master of the Grand Orange Lodge of British America, one of the few democratic institutions operating during the Commission of Government period. General elections in Newfoundland Carew, S. J. "Right Hon. Sir Richard Anderson Squires, P. C. K. C. M. C." Celebrate Memorial History. Memorial University. Retrieved 2009-11-13. Cadigan, Sean T. Newfoundland and Labrador: A History pp 192–207 Hiller, J. K. "Squires, Sir Richard Anderson".
The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2009-11-13. "Newfoundland: Squires & Lady Unseated". Time. June 27, 1932. Retrieved 2009-11-13. Newfoundland in the 1920s
Kensington Gardens, once the private gardens of Kensington Palace, are among the Royal Parks of London. The gardens are shared by the City of Westminster and the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea and sit to the west of Hyde Park, in western central London; the gardens cover an area of 270 acres. The open spaces of Kensington Gardens, Hyde Park, Green Park, St. James's Park together form an continuous "green lung" in the heart of London. Kensington Gardens are Grade I listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens. Kensington Gardens are regarded as being the western extent of the neighbouring Hyde Park from which they were taken, with West Carriage Drive and the Serpentine Bridge forming the boundary between them; the Gardens are more formal than Hyde Park. Kensington Gardens are open only during the hours of daylight, whereas Hyde Park is open from 5 am until midnight all year round. Kensington Gardens has been long regarded as "smart" because of its more private character around Kensington Palace.
However, in the late 1800s, Hyde Park was considered more "fashionable," because of its location nearer to Park Lane and Knightsbridge. Kensington Gardens was the western section of Hyde Park, created by Henry VIII in 1536 to use as a hunting ground, it was separated from the remainder of Hyde Park in 1728 at the request of Queen Caroline and designed by Henry Wise and Charles Bridgeman in order to form a landscape garden, with fashionable features including the Round Pond, formal avenues and a sunken Dutch garden. Bridgeman created the Serpentine between 1726 and 1731 by damming the eastern outflow of the River Westbourne from Hyde Park; the part of the Serpentine that lies within Kensington Gardens is known as "The Long Water". At its north-western end in an area known as "The Italian Garden", there are four fountains and a number of classical sculptures. At the foot of the Italian Gardens is a parish boundary marker, delineating the boundary between Paddington and St George Hanover Square parishes, on the exact centre of the Westbourne river.
The land surrounding Kensington Gardens was predominantly rural and remained undeveloped until the Great Exhibition in 1851. Many of the original features survive along with the Palace, now there are other public buildings such as the Albert Memorial, the Serpentine Gallery, Speke's monument; the park contains the Elfin Oak, an elaborately carved 900-year-old tree stump. The park is the setting of J. M. Barrie's book Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens, a prelude to the character's famous adventures in Neverland; the fairies of the gardens are first described in Thomas Tickell's 1722 poem Kensington Gardens. Both the book and the character are honoured with the Peter Pan statue by George Frampton located in the park. Rodrigo Fresán's novel Kensington Gardens concerns in part the life of J. M. Barrie and of his creation Peter Pan, their relationship with the park, as well as the narrator's own; the Infocom interactive fiction game Trinity begins in the Kensington Gardens. The player can walk around many sections of the gardens.
List of public art in Kensington Gardens Citations Bibliography Official website The Garden a poem by Ezra Pound set in Kensington Gardens
Otterlo is a small village in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands, in or near the Nationaal Park De Hoge Veluwe. The Kröller-Müller Museum, named after Helene Kröller-Müller, is situated nearby and has a considerable collection of Vincent van Gogh paintings. Otterlo was a separate municipality until 1818. Media related to Otterlo at Wikimedia Commons J. Kuyper, Gemeente Atlas van Nederland, 1865-1870, "Otterlo". Map of the former municipality, around 1868. CBC Archives - CBC Radio reporting from Otterlo April 17, 1945