Beechina, Western Australia
Beechina is a locality in the Shire of Mundaring in Western Australia. The word "Beechina" is the Aboriginal name for a white gum valley to the northeast of the locality, it was first recorded by surveyor P. Chauncy in 1847, when he was carrying out the survey of the first road to Northam. Beechina is in the electoral division of Pearce. Elliot, Ian. Mundaring - A History of the Shire. Mundaring: Mundaring Shire. ISBN 0-9592776-0-9. Spillman, Ken. Life was meant to be here: community and local government in the Shire of Mundaring. Mundaring: Mundaring Shire. ISBN 0-9592776-3-3. Beechina at Geoscience Australia Mundaring and Hills Historical Society Website
Darlington, Western Australia
Darlington, Western Australia, is a locality in the Shire of Mundaring on the Darling Scarp, dissected by Nyaania Creek and north of the Helena River. About one kilometre to the west of Darlington and lower on the Darling Scarp lies the locality of Boya. Between Darlington and Boya there are two abandoned quarries: C. Y. O'Connor's "Fremantle Harbour Works Quarry", now known as "Hudman Road Amphitheatre", the Mountain Quarry, called Boya quarry, they are situated on the southern slope of Greenmount Hill, defined by the Great Eastern Highway to the north, the Helena River to the south. The boundary with Glen Forrest to the east has shifted a few times. Darlington is located upon the escarpment of the Darling Fault which trends north-south across the south-west of Western Australia, defining what is known as the Perth Hills. Darlington developed as a locality from the establishment of the Darlington Winery in the late nineteenth century. Unlike Glen Forrest and Greenmount Darlington was unplanned.
Darlington Hall was the winery cellar building. Darlington was bisected by the Eastern Railway which in years of operation was known as the "Mundaring Loop"; the location of Darlington was included in "picnic" and "excursion" train itineraries in the 1930s and 1940s. Now the Railway Reserve Heritage Trail or "bridle trail", as it is known by locals, has become a popular walking and bike trail. Darlington had extensive orchards during the First World War era, it has due to its cooler "hills climate", had a number of guest houses. D. H. Lawrence stayed in one for a short time during his visit to Australia. Guest houses were used as convalescent homes during the Second World War period. In the mid twentieth century significant numbers of artists had lived in or been associated with the small community. By the late twentieth century subdivisions of land and the breakup of farms and orchards contributed to an increase in the local population. In the 2016 census, there were 3,656 people in Darlington.
65.4% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was England at 14.0%. 90.3% of people spoke only English at home. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 40.9%, Anglican 19.3% and Catholic 13.9%. Early on, because of its altitude and separation from the Swan Coastal Plain, Darlington became established as a popular picnic area, country drive destination, a place for holiday homes. Writers and others seeking to be separate from Perth's extensive suburban sand plain had sought the location for its natural surroundings; the artists gained the most publicity for their residence, while the writers and others tended to keep their privacy. Some of the community groups are over 40 years old. For example, the Darlington Residents and Ratepayers Association evolved from the earlier Darlington Progress Association, the Darlington Arts Festival as well; the tennis and other sports clubs have similar heritage. A newer arrival, the Darlington Club, is less than two years old and as a social club, is involved in sustaining community involvement and use of the Darlington Hall.
It is one of the few hills communities to be served by multiple primary schools—the Darlington Primary School, Tree-Tops Montessori School, Helena College. The Darlington Arts Festival, an annual event, has been going for more than 40 years, it includes other events on the Darlington oval. The 2006 "Trek the Trail" event was organised on the Railway Reserve Heritage Trail and went from Mundaring to Darlington, included events on the oval; the Darlington Review is a monthly publication of some 50 years standing, featuring stories, news and other material of local interest. It is one of the few of its kind to serve any hills community for such a long time and is delivered to each address in the locality; the Mundaring shire council has publicised the locality by placing "Locality of Darlington" signs on its entrance roads at the administrative boundary. Guy Grey-Smith Robert Juniper D. H. Lawrence - short term A. O. Neville Mollie Skinner George Temple-Poole Richard Woldendorp Darlington Hall Darlington review, Feb.1993, p 7.
Elliott, I. Mundaring, A History of the Shire, Mundaring, 1983 ISBN 0-9592776-0-9 Wiltshire, T. A Place in the Hills, Darlington's First Fifty Years, Darlington, 1997 ISBN 0-646-34251-7 Snell, Ted Darlington and the Hills - in State Reference Library Spillman, K. Life was meant to be here, Mundaring, 2003. ISBN 0-9592776-3-3 Darlington Village website Mundaring and Hills Historical Society Website Darlington on Geoscience Australia Darlington History Group
Eastern Railway (Western Australia)
The Eastern Railway is the main railway route between Fremantle and Northam in Western Australia. It opened in stages between 1881 and 1893; the line is continued east to Kalgoorlie as the Eastern Goldfields Railway. The first sod of the Fremantle-Guildford Railway was turned by Governor Ord at Guildford on 3 June 1879; the event coincided with the celebration of the 50th anniversary of settlement of Western Australia. The alignment of the first section of the railway, from Fremantle to Guildford, has remained unchanged since it opened on 1 March 1881; the centenary of the railway was celebrated on 1 March 1981. Source: West Australian Government Gazette of 1885, 5 January The First Route was opened on 11 March 1884; the principle contractor of the works was J. W. Wright & Co; the route ascended the escarpment around Greenmount Hill passing through Boya, Glen Forrest and Sawyers Valley before turning north to Mount Helena known as White's Mill as Lion Mill. A significant delay in construction was experienced at a site that became popularly known as Devil's Terror - a location between Darlington and Glen Forrest.
Clay was struck. The resulting flooding turned the clay into a bottomless bog; the rail alignment had to be moved 100 metres south along the bed of Nyaania Creek, diverted into a specially constructed channel. Source: West Australian Government Gazette of 1885, 5 January It soon became apparent that this route was too steep for the heavier trains and engines required for the route; as a result, another route was devised in the 1890s. After the completion of the Second Route, this line became known in Western Australian Government Railways records as the Smith's Mill Branch the Mundaring Branch, as the Mundaring Loop. Passenger traffic ceased between Boya and Mount Helena on 24 January 1954 and the route was closed from Koongamia to Mount Helena on 12 March 1965; the current condition of the stations on this route today are as follows: The Eastern Railway was later extended beyond Northam to the Kalgoorlie goldfields. The line was known as the Eastern Goldfields Railway. Known as the Parkerville deviation, the Second Route via Swan View, John Forrest National Park, Hovea and Stoneville, through to Mount Helena opened on 1 July 1896, within a decade after the First Route.
Its grades were less strenuous and the line did not suffer from the more serious problems of the first route. The line was only a single track and featured Western Australia's first railway tunnel; as traffic increased the newer route was duplicated, with the second track bypassing the tunnel, resulting in a longer journey for trains heading across the Darling Scarp. The Second Route closed on 13 February 1966. In the 1940s, it became clear to the Western Australian Government Railways that the original Eastern Railway alignments were not suitable for future traffic and the loadings that were to be carried between the coast and the areas east of the Darling Scarp; as part of the Federal Government's program to build a standard gauge line across Australia, the passing of the Railways Construction Act 1961 work commenced on gauge converting the line to dual gauge with a new alignment further north through the Avon Valley built with easier grades. The Third Route was built with timber sleepers and 94 lb rail.
It was upgraded using heavy continuously welded rail laid on new concrete sleepers during the late 1970s through into the early 1980s. It is a dual gauge double line throughout its entirety including a few crossing loop sections, where there are three tracks; these loops are located at Jumperkine and Toodyay West. Numerous cuttings were constructed, including the deep Windmill Hill Cutting east of Toodyay. A major marshalling yard is located five kilometres west of Northam; this new route opened on 14 February 1966 and coincided with the closure of the earlier two routes of the Eastern Railway. The original Eastern Railway alignments still survive today, in the form of a shared path used for cycling, horse riding and walking, see below re the built up are in the Mundaring area as the'Rail Reserves Heritage Trail'. Further east and beyond that trail, is the Kep Trail, from Mundaring through to Northam; the original section from Fremantle to Midland is still in use as part of Transperth's suburban network.
Transwa's AvonLink, MerredinLink and Prospector services from Perth to Northam and Kalgoorlie use the line as does Great Southern Rail's Indian Pacific to Sydney. Other named trains to traverse the line were The Westland, The Kalgoorlie and the Trans-Australian. Intrastate and interstate freight services are operated by Aurizon, Mineral Resources, Pacific National and SCT Logistics. CBH Group operate grain trains; the Railway Reserves Heritage Trail is the result of the Mundaring Shire Council being allocated funds from a number of external authorities to maintain and improve the old railway alignment as a walking trail. Between 2004–2006, the trail has had considerable signage and track maintenance conducted along the trail, it is used for the annual Trek the Trail event conducted in conjunction between Mundaring and Hills Historical Society, the Mundaring Shire Council and the Mundaring Visitor Centre. The event was conducted between Wooroloo and Chidlow in 2004,and Mount Helena and Parkerville in 2005, in 2006 event was between Mundaring and Darlington.
Australian Railways Historical Society, W. A. Division The Kalgoorlie 1897-1971. Elliot, Ian Mundaring a History of the Shire ISB
The West Australian
The West Australian known as The West is the only locally edited daily newspaper published in Perth, Western Australia, is owned by Seven West Media, as is the state's other major newspaper, The Sunday Times. The West is the second-oldest continuously produced newspaper in Australia, having been published since 1833; the West tends to have conservative leanings, has supported the Liberal–National Party Coalition. The West is Australia's fourth largest newspaper by circulation, is the only newspaper in the top 20 not owned by either News Limited or Nine Publishing; the tabloid newspaper publishes international and local news. As of 23 February 2015, newsgathering was integrated with the TV news and current-affairs operations of Seven News, which moved its news staff to the paper's Osborne Park premises. A "breaking news" and video news website are staffed in the same area, together with sales and other departments. In the 1990s, the newspaper introduced a weekly "Earth 2000" segment on environmental matters and an "Asia Desk" feature covering events in South East Asia.
Opinion columnists now include Zoltan Kovacs, Paul Murray and a variety of writers syndicated from Nine Publishing including Gerard Henderson, Danny Katz and Brian Toohey. The paper publishes a supplement titled WestWeekend Magazine, included as an insert in The Weekend West; the Saturday edition was rebranded as The Weekend West in October 2010. There is an enlarged classified-advertising section for motor vehicles each Wednesday. A digital archive subscription enables past editions to be accessed for $220 per month or $2,200 per year; the West has conservative leanings, has supported the Liberal–National Party Coalition throughout the political group's existence. At the state election held in March 2017, the newspaper's editorial endorsed the Australian Labor Party opposition, led by Mark McGowan, over the Coalition government led by Colin Barnett; as of January 2015, refraining from reporting reduced print circulation, the paper claimed "readership across print and online platforms" of 1.8 million per month.
Online readership is limited by requirement of paid subscription According to Roy Morgan Research, total cross-platform readership is less than 50,000 daily, having declined 4.5% in the year to September 2014. The West Australian was owned by the publicly listed company West Australian Newspapers Ltd from the 1920s. In 1969, the Melbourne-based The Herald and Weekly Times Ltd bought WAN and published the paper until 1987 when it was sold to Robert Holmes à Court's Bell Group in 1987 when the remainder of H&WT was bought by Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation; the following year Alan Bond, through Bond Corporation, gained control of Bell Group and hence the paper. This ownership structure only survived for a few years until the collapse of Bond Corporation. A newly formed company, West Australian Newspapers Holdings purchased the paper from the receivers before being floated in an oversubscribed $185 million public offering. Chairman Trevor Eastwood announced in the annual report that the company was listed on the Australian Securities Exchange on 9 January 1992.
A management fee of $217,000 and underwriting/brokers handling fee of $1,981,136 were paid to companies associated with former short-term directors John Poynton and J. H. Nickson. After having acquired Seven Media Group in February 2011, West Australian Newspapers Holdings Limited became Seven West Media, Australia's largest diversified media business; the West Australian traces its origins to The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal, the first edition of which appeared on 5 January 1833. Owned and edited by Perth postmaster Charles Macfaull, it was a four-page weekly, it was, at first, published on Saturdays, but changed to Fridays in 1864. From 7 October 1864 it was known as The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Times and was published by Arthur Shenton, until 24 March 1871, after which the publisher was Joseph Mitchell, until 29 September 1871; the new publisher, M. Shenton, remained in place until 26 June 1874; when it was bought by a syndicate who renamed it The Western Australian Times and who in September 1874 increased production to two editions a week.
On 18 November 1879, it was relaunched as The West Australian. In October 1883, production was increased to three editions per week; the proprietors of the West Australian at that time inaugurated the Western Mail, in 1885. Delivery of the paper beyond settled areas was problematic, but the growth and development of the rural railway system in the early 1900s facilitated wider circulation. Newspaper House, the former office and publishing plant of The West on St Georges Terrace, across the road from the Palace Hotel, was a prominent landmark in the life of the city and state for over 50 years, it was vacated in the mid-1980s for the ill-fated "Westralia Square" redevelopment, completed in 2012 under the name Brookfield Place. The editorial staff was temporarily relocated in a nearby office building. Recognised as part of an important heritage precinct, Newspaper House was scheduled for preservation and refurbishment. In 1988, larger and more modern accommodation for the paper's printing presses was commissioned in Osborne Park.
Ten years the editorial operations moved to the Osborne Park complex. In September 2015 the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission approved the acquisition of The Sunday Times, which would give Seven West Media a monopoly over major newspapers in the state. Finalisation of the deal, which includes the website PerthNow, was announced by The West on 8 November
Western Mail (Western Australia)
The Western Mail, or Western Mail, was the name of two weekly newspapers published in Perth, Western Australia. The first Western Mail was published between 19 December 1885 and 23 October 1896 as a joint venture by Charles Harper and John Winthrop Hackett, the co-owners of The West Australian, the state's major daily paper, it was printed by James Gibbney at the paper's office in St Georges Terrace. Considerable numbers of regional and local newspapers in Western Australia in the late 19th and early 20th centuries included the word "Mail" in their names. In 1901, in the publication Twentieth century impressions of Western Australia, a history of the early days of the West Australian and the Western Mail was published. In the 1920s The West Australian employed its first permanent photographer Fred Flood, many of whose photographs were featured in the Western Mail. In 1933 it celebrated its first use of photographs in 1897 in a West Australian article; the Western Mail featured early work from a large number of prominent West Australian authors and artists, including.
The Western Mail Annual editions carried significant collections of Western Australia art and writing. The Western Mail was created to provide farmers with up to date information. However, for many women in the most isolated areas of the State it represented their only social connections beyond their families; the women's and children's sections became popular and attracted the most revenue for the paper. West Australian Newspapers management experimented with a variety of formats in the late 1940s and early 1950s, including the Weekend Mail for five years; the newspaper was renamed to The Countryman on 27 January 1955. However, the name Western Mail was recycled for a last Christmas Annual in 1956. In 1980 the name was resurrected for a new weekly, published by Western Mail Limited; the push for a new paper was made by Robert Holmes à Court and Bell Group following his failed takeover attempt of The Times. The venture was wound up in 1988; the Western Mail. Perth, W. A: West Australian Newspapers Vol. 1, no. 1 – Vol. 70, no. 3403 Days of issuesWeekly on Thursday 3 July 1919 – 20 January 1955 Weekly on Friday 27 September 1912 – 27 June 1919 Weekly on Saturday 16 September 1899 – 21 September 1912 Weekly on Friday 21 June 1895 – 8 September 1899 Weekly on Saturday 19 December.
1885 – 15 June 1895Special issues and supplementsAnnual Christmas edition – 1897–1956 State Centenary Number of the Western Mail, 4 July 1929 Centenary of the West Australian 1933 Countryman's Magazine (Vol. 1, no. 1 – Vol. 2, No. 8 Women's Magazine Weekend Mail. Perth West Australian Newspapers LtdKnown as Weekend Mail – TV from 5 September 1959 to 1960 Vol. 1, No. 1 - Vol. 6, No. 290 Weekly on Saturday. Annual supplement: Weekend Mail Annual The Western Mail, Perth, W. A: Western Mail Ltd. 1980–1988. Vol. 1, No. 1 – No. 374. Weekly on Saturday. 1944: Malcolm Uren Most dates are derived from the entries in the State Library's reference catalogue: Western Mail 1980 Western Mail 1885 Western Mail at Trove
Geoscience Australia is an agency of the Australian Government. It carries out geoscientific research; the agency is the government's technical adviser on all aspects of geoscience, custodian of the geographic and geological data and knowledge of the nation. On a user pays basis it produces geospatial products such as satellite imagery, it is a major contributor to the Australian Government's free, open data collections such as data.gov.au. The agency has six strategic priority areas: building Australia's resource wealth in order to maximise benefits from Australia's minerals and energy resources and into the future. Geoscience Australia came into being in 2001 when the Australian Surveying and Land Information Group merged with the Australian Geological Survey Organisation, its history dates back to Federation in 1901 when it was decided to set aside land for the national capital. This decision led to the establishment of the Australian Survey Office in 1910, when surveying began for the Australian Capital Territory.
AUSLIG's main function was to provide national geographic information. It was formed in 1987, when the Australian Survey Office joined with the Division of National Mapping, formed in 1947. Another important component of AUSLIG was the provision of satellite imagery to industry and government, started by the Australian Landsat Station in 1979, renamed the Australian Centre for Remote Sensing in 1986. AGSO's predecessor organisation the Bureau of Mineral Resources and Geophysics was established in 1946; the BMR was a geological survey with the main objective was the systematic geological and geophysical mapping of the continent as the basis for informed mineral exploration. Geoscience Australia's activities have expanded and today it has responsibility for meeting the Australian Government's geoscience requirements; this role takes the Agency well beyond its historic focus on resource development and topographic mapping to topics as diverse as natural hazards such as tsunami and earthquakes, environmental issues, including the impacts of climate change, groundwater research and coastal research, carbon capture and storage and vegetation monitoring as well as Earth observations from space.
Geoscience Australia's remit extends beyond the Australian landmass to Australia's vast marine jurisdiction. It has a free place name search and its earthquake monitoring services can be accessed; the Library is the premier geoscience library in Australia providing services to geoscience organisations, research centres, the mining and petroleum industries and the public. Geological Survey of South Australia Geological Survey of Western Australia List of national mapping agencies Geoscience Australia home page. Geoscience Australia in Google Cultural Institute As the cocky flies distance calculator International Map of the World XNATMAP's home page preserving NATMAP's history and maintaining contact with the people who were part of that history
Division of Hasluck
The Division of Hasluck is an electoral division of the Australian House of Representatives, located in Western Australia. The division was proclaimed at a redistribution of Western Australia's electoral divisions on 20 November 2000, first contested at the 2001 federal election; the eponyms of the division are Sir Paul Hasluck, the member for the Division of Curtin in the House of Representatives from 1949 to 1969 and subsequently the Governor-General of Australia from 1969 to 1974, his wife, Dame Alexandra Hasluck, an author. Hasluck is a marginal seat and changed hands between the Labor Party and Liberal Party at the first four elections it was contested. At the 2013 federal election there was a swing towards the incumbent Liberal member Ken Wyatt, breaking this pattern. Wyatt is the first Indigenous Australian member of the House of Representatives. From its creation at the 2001 election to the 2013 election, the Division of Hasluck was a north-south arc across Perth's eastern suburbs from Southern River/Gosnells in the south to Caversham/Midland in the north.
It incorporated the more urbanised western parts of what was the Shire of Kalamunda, such as Forrestfield and Kalamunda, the Shire of Mundaring. In the redistribution prior to the 2016 election, the Division of Hasluck ceded its portion of the City of Gosnells south of the Canning River to the newly created Division of Burt and the suburb of High Wycombe to the Division of Swan, among other changes. In turn, it gained most of the less urbanised areas of what was the Shire of Kalamunda, the remainder of the Shire of Mundaring and further territory in the City of Swan from the Division of Pearce; as a result of adding in more rural and semi-rural areas, the area of the Division of Hasluck increased from 245 km2 to 1,192 km2. On its current boundaries, the Division of Hasluck includes the following suburbs: * Split between Hasluck and Pearce.** Split between Hasluck and Canning.*** Split between Hasluck and Swan. Division of Hasluck - Australian Electoral Commission Hasluck - ABC Australia Votes 2013 Hasluck - Election Blog