click links in text for more info

Brabant Island

Brabant Island is the second largest island of the Palmer Archipelago within the British Antarctic Territory, lying between Anvers Island and Liège Island. Brabant Island is 59 km long north-south, 30 km wide, rises to 2,520 m in Mount Parry; the interior of the island is occupied by two mountain ranges, Solvay Mountains in its southern part and Stribog Mountains in its central and northern parts. It was named by the Belgian Antarctic Expedition under Adrien de Gerlache, who named it after the Belgian Province of Brabant, in recognition of the support given to the expedition by its citizens. A paper summarizing the Joint Services expedition of 1984–1985 describes the island as "notoriously inhospitable" and states that there is evidence for only six visits between the discovery in 1898 and 1984. Members of the expedition overwintered there in 1984–1985, made the first ascent of Mount Parry; the Brabant Island Tectonic Block includes up to 2000 m of basaltic-andesitic lavas and volcaniclastics corresponding to the Lower Cretaceous Antarctic Peninsula Volcanic Group of the Danco Coast.

This group is intruded by Early Eocene hypabyssal dykes. Late Tertiary to Pleistocene basaltic lavas uncomformably overlay this complex. Antarctic Digital Database. Scale 1:250000 topographic map of Antarctica. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. Since 1993 upgraded and updated. British Antarctic Territory. Scale 1:200000 topographic map. DOS 610 Series, Sheet W 64 62. Directorate of Overseas Surveys, Tolworth, UK, 1980. Brabant Island to Argentine Islands. Scale 1:250000 topographic map. British Antarctic Survey, 2008. Gerlache Strait Geology Composite Antarctic Gazetteer List of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands List of Antarctic islands south of 60° S SCAR Territorial claims in Antarctica Map of the area U. S. Geological Survey, Atlas of Antarctic Research Brazilian Antarctic Program Brabant Island on AADC website Brabant Island on NASA website current weather on Brabant Island long term updated weather for Brabant Island weather statistics for Brabant Island views of Brabant Island on YouTube

William Llewellyn

Sir Samuel Henry William Llewellyn was a Welsh painter of the late 19th and early 20th centuries who served as President of the Royal Academy from 1928 to 1938. He was awarded the Albert Medal by the Royal Society of Arts in 1933. Llewellyn was born in Cirencester, Gloucestershire, in 1858, he was the son of English-born Welsh parents: Samuel Llewellyn, an engineer, Alice Jennings. He married daughter of T. M. Meates, he has 67 paintings in British national collections, including a portrait of industrialist and philanthropist Sir Alexander Grant held by the University of Edinburgh. In 1918, Llewellyn was invested as a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order and advanced to Knight Grand Cross in 1931, he was a trustee of the National Gallery, a member of the Royal West of England Academy, an honorary member of the Royal Cambrian and Hibernian Academies, corresponding member of the National Academy of Design, New York. His foreign honours included that of Grand Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau in the Netherlands.

Llewellyn died in 1941. His funeral was held at Westminster Abbey. A memorial by Sir Edwin Lutyens, who succeeded him as president of the Royal Academy, was erected in his honour in the crypt of St Paul's Cathedral in 1942. William Llewellyn at Find a Grave

David Cohen Nassy

David Cohen Nassy was a professional colonizer who started Jewish colonies in the Caribbean. He had several nicknames: José Nunes da Fonseca, he fled to Amsterdam because of the Inquisition in Portugal. He married Ribca Drago and they had 12 children. David was authorized in 1662 by Abraham Cohen to go to Cayenne. In 1664 he went to Cayenne with a great number of Jews, but was refused to set up volksplantingen in Cayenne. David and his Jews travelled to Surinam and they settled at Jodensavanne on the Surinam river. David de Ishak Cohen Nassy, born in Suriname in 1747, had a wife called Esther. David Nassy, a man of letters, a physician and Jewish leader in the Dutch colony of Suriname in the late 18th century... He moved between the ferment of colonial thought. Nassy is the supposed author of the book ‘History of the Colony of Suriname. Compiled by a company of learned Jewish men there.’ From this in 1791 published document a wealth of information has been saved.... was the owner of Plantation De Tulpenburg, between Torarica and The Guinee Friendship.

"That’s a half day travel by boat to go to the synagogue, with one of those elegant tent boats you’ll see in the engravings. When you know one wasn’t allowed to work after Friday sunset, they were busy all Friday getting to Jodensavanne in time for the Sabbath.... His plantation went bankrupt, he worked as a self-educated pharmacist, he lost his dearly loved wife Esther in a smallpox epidemic. A love poem on her final resting-place says all of his feelings: "...your memory grows dearer without pain…" the inscription on Nassy’s grave is difficult to read.... David de Ishak Cohen Nassy David de Isaac Cohen. Observations on the cause and treatment of the epidemic disorder, prevalent in Philadelphia

Duncan Sisters

The Duncan Sisters were an American vaudeville duo who became popular in the 1920s with their act Topsy and Eva. Rosetta and Vivian Duncan were born in Los Angeles, the daughters of a violinist turned salesman, they began their stage careers in 1911 as part of the cast of Gus Edwards' Kiddies' Revue. During the next few years they perfected their act with Rosetta as a foghorn-voiced comedian and Vivian as the pretty-but-dumb blonde type. Within a few years they "matured into first-rate vaudeville troupers who wrote much of their music in dialogue." They subsequently played not only in vaudeville, but in night clubs and on stage in both New York and London. They made their first important Broadway appearance in 1917 at the Winter Garden Theatre in a show with Ed Wynn and Frank Tinney entitled Doing Our Bit. In 1923 the Duncans created their signature roles in Topsy and Eva, a musical comedy derived from the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe. For this production they wrote and introduced the songs "I Never Had a Mammy" and "Rememb'ring".

A huge hit in its day and Eva was subsequently adapted into a 1927 silent movie, directed by Del Lord with some additional scenes by D. W. Griffith. In 1929 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer released their early sound musical The Broadway Melody, starring Bessie Love and Anita Page as the fictional Mahoney sisters; the film proved to be successful so MGM decided to follow it up with a similar film, this time starring the real-life Duncan Sisters in the leads. The result was It's a Great Life, directed by Sam Wood and featuring three sequences filmed in Technicolor. In the film the Duncan Sisters performed two of their most popular songs, "I'm Following You" and "Hoosier Hop." Photoplay magazine stated in their review: Vivian and Rosetta Duncan have made a snappy, hilarious comedy of the life of a vaudeville sister team in this elaborate picture. It is crammed to the gunwales with Duncan comedy, they do a lot of the vocalizing that made them famous. Listen for "Following You" – you'll care for it; the film "faltered at the box office and helped to cut short the Duncans' movie career."

The movie seen for decades in part due to the color footage being missing, resurfaced in 2010 in a restored print released by Warner Bros. Archive. MGM did cast the Duncans in their all-star 1930 extravaganza The March of Time, but that film was never completed. In 1935 the Duncans returned to the screen in the short musical Surprise! which featured footage of them reprising their Topsy and Eva characters. In 1930 Vivian married actor Nils Asther, who had co-starred with her and Rosetta in the film version of Topsy and Eva. Rosetta attempted a solo career for a few years, but was rejoined with Vivian in 1932 after Vivian's divorce from Asther. Although by now past their prime, the Duncan Sisters continued as a popular night club entertainers act for several more decades, they appeared in several soundies and on television's You Asked For It. In the late 1940s the Duncans wrote and recorded four Christmas selections for the Hollywood Recording Guild Inc.: "Dear Santy", "The Angel on the Top of the X-mas Tree", "Twimmin' de Cwis'mas Twee" and "Jolly Ole Fella".

These appeared on 7" extended play 78rpm kiddie records. In 1956 both Rosetta and Vivian appeared on Liberace's television show, they did their Topsy and Eva routine. Their act ended in 1959 when Rosetta died from injuries sustained in an automobile accident in Cicero, Illinois. Vivian subsequently continued performing as a single act on the club circuit, she died of Alzheimer's disease in 1986. In 1946, Twentieth Century-Fox considered making a musical biography about the sisters' life after the success of a film of another sister act, The Dolly Sisters; the project never got beyond the idea stage. In 1952, Paramount Pictures announced plans for a biopic on the Duncans to star Betty Hutton and Ginger Rogers. Ms. Hutton demanded a rewrite after reading the first script draft and soon afterward walked out of her contract with the studio. Production plans for the film were abandoned and never resumed. Blanche Merrill Rosetta Duncan on IMDb Rosetta Duncan at the Internet Broadway Database Vivian Duncan on IMDb Vivian Duncan at the Internet Broadway Database An article on Topsy and Eva Rosetta Duncan at Find a Grave Vivian Duncan at Find a Grave Duncan Sisters on Discography of American Historical Recordings

Olivia Cajero Bedford

Olivia Cajero Bedford is an American politician and a former Democratic member of the Arizona Senate representing District 3 from 2013 to 2019. Cajero Bedford served consecutively in the Arizona State Legislature from January 2003 until January 10, 2011 in the Arizona House of Representatives District 27 seat in the Arizona Senate in the District 27 seat from January 10, 2011 until January 14, 2013. Cajero Bedford attended the University of Arizona. 2000 To challenge incumbent Democratic Representatives Carmine Cardamone and Debora Norris, Cajero Bedford ran in the five-way September 12, 2000 Democratic Primary, but Representative Norris placed first and Representative Cardamone placed second. 2002 Redistricted to District 27, with incumbent Democratic Representative Meg Burton Cahill and Republican Representative Laura Knaperek redistricted to District 17, Cajero Bedford ran in the six-way September 10, 2002 Democratic Primary, placing first with 4,436 votes. 2004 Cajero Bedford and Representative Lopes were unopposed for both the September 7, 2004 Democratic Primary, where Cajero Bedford placed first with 5,968 votes, the November 2, 2004 General election, where Cajero Bedford took the first seat with 35,507 votes and Representative Lopes took the second seat.

2006 Cajero Bedford and Representative Lopes were unopposed for the September 12, 2006 Democratic Primary, where Cajero Bedford placed first with 7,639 votes, won the three-way November 7, 2006 General election, where Cajero Bedford took the first seat with 24,756 votes and Representative Nichols took the second seat ahead of Republican nominee Gene Chewning. 2008 Cajero Bedford and Representative Lopes were challenged for the three-way September 2, 2008 Democratic Primary, where Cajero Bedford placed first with 7,357 votes and Representative Lopes placed second, won the five-way November 2, 2010 General election, where Cajero Bedford took the first seat with 35,010 votes and Representative Lopes took the second seat ahead of Republican nominee J. D. Schechter, Libertarian candidate Mark Phelps, Green candidate Kent Solberg. Nichols left after the term, having served alongside Yarbrough from 2003 until 2011. 2010 When Democratic Senator Jorge Luis Garcia ran for Arizona Corporation Commission and left the Senate District 27 seat open, Cajero Bedford was unopposed for the August 24, 2010 Democratic Primary, winning with 12,538 votes, won the November 2, 2010 General election with 33,456 votes against two write-in candidates.

Senator Garcia died between the primary and general elections, his widow Maria Garcia was appointed to the vacancy. 2012 Redistricted to District 3, Cajero Bedford was challenged for the August 28, 2012 Democratic Primary by Jorge Luis Garcia's widow Maria Garcia, but Cajero Bedford placed first with 9,718 votes, was unopposed for the November 6, 2012 General election, winning with 43,084 votes. Official page at the Arizona State Legislature Profile at Vote Smart

Gerald Evan Williams

Gerald Evan Williams was an American officer in the Ninth Air Force during World War II. Gerald Evan Williams was born in Bridgewater, Maine to Myron Luther Williams and Lottie Belle "Belle" Williams, his father's family had lived in Bradford, Maine since before the Civil War, but in his teens Myron moved to the rural potato-growing area of Bridgewater, where he lived with his sister's family, before his marriage. Belle Williams was born in the daughter of a Canadian-born farmer. Myron Williams worked as a potato buyer. Myron and Belle moved their young family to Presque Isle in 1917, establishing a laundry business in an older section of town. Gerald Williams graduated from Presque Isle High School in 1925 and studied for a year at Hebron Academy, where he helped the academy win the state championship in football. Congressman Ira G. Hersey of Houlton nominated Williams for appointment to the United States Military Academy. Gerald Evan Williams entered U. S. Military Academy at West Point in 1926 and graduated with a B.

S. degree with the class of 1931. He completed the academic work, while playing football four years, lacrosse two years, wrestling two years. Shortly before graduation, he was described in the USMA Annual as " cynic, bon vivant, who would rather be wrong than gregarious, rather be right than acquiescent." Following his graduation from West Point, Williams enlisted as a 2nd Lt. in the U. S. Army Air Corps, he was assigned to the Flying Service at Randolph, San Antonio, Texas on September 11, 1931 and trained in attack and pursuit groups. He completed Air Corps Primary Flying School, Air Corps Advanced Flying School, Bombardment Course in 1932, with his advanced flight trainings undertaken at Kelly Field, he would soon demonstrate his skill with multi-engined aircraft. Williams was stationed at Luke Field, Hawaii, where he married Marjorie Parker in April 1933. Williams was rated command pilot, combat observer, navigator and unlimited pilot. Williams was next assigned to VA with the 20th Bombardment Squadron.

In February 1937 he served as navigator for a flight from Langley Field to Panama, participating in the then-longest non-stop army flight. He experimented and he learned. On a flight in the North American BT-9B from Virginia to San Antonio, Texas, it was reported in the Air Corps News Letter, "On two legs of the flight he encountered icing conditions, while the plane picked up considerable ice the flying characteristics did not appear to be affected; the carburetor heat control, was inadequate, time and again with the carburetor heat full on, the carburetor iced up sufficiently to lose flying power. The opening of the mixture control, caused the engine to backfire, clearing the ice out of the carburetor." In 1938 Williams was honored as a 1st Lieutenant, to be chosen one of the pilots of a pioneering flight of six early YB-17A "Flying Fortress" four-engined heavy bombers. Part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's prescient Hemispheric Defense Initiative, the history-making flight commanded by Col. Robert Olds traveled 6,000 miles from Langley Field, Virginia, to Lima and Buenos Aires, where Roberto M. Ortiz was being inaugurated as president.

The feat was publicized, an Air Corps newsletter provided lengthy descriptions. "On a bitingly cold Tuesday morning, at 9 o'clock, February 15, to be exact, the last of the six Boeings lifted gracefully into the air headed south for Miami. This departure was an example of all of the other take-offs of the flight, they were two minutes apart, the flight commander being the first to push the nose of his flying fortress into the cold ozone. With him he carried the greetings of Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt to the President-elect of the Argentine, Roberto Ortiz." "As the planes flew toward the appointed rendezvous at Point Salinas, just north of Lima, thousands of Peruvian officials and aviation fans at the Loma Tambo airport were eagerly awaiting the visitors from the Big neighbor of the North. Where frightened civilians in other countries during the past quarter century scanned the skies with dread, these friendly people were eagerly awaiting these Ambassadors of Good Will, who were bringing not bombs but messages of Friendship.

Landing at 4:25 PM, the six planes made the record non-stop flight of 2695 miles in 15 hours and 32 minutes." Williams' accomplishments and skill were becoming legendary. Two years in a landing at Presque Isle, Maine by Lieut. Williams and Capt. Neil B. Harding, a newspaper article proclaimed, "Famed Aviator Visits His Home Town." "The purpose of the extended navigation trip is to determine the suitability of the new type drift meter and periodic compass. The trip up was by day to try it out for daytime use." By 1940, Williams was a captain and served with the Ninth Bomb Group in 1940-1941 in Panama and the Caribbean. In 1941, the United States Army Signal Corps released a photograph of Army planes arriving at Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana. Williams, by a major, was shown on guard duty with the plane. During the Second World War, Williams became a renowned officer in the U. S. Army Air Forces' Ninth Air Force as commander of the B-26'Marauder' twin engined medium bombers of the 391st Bombardment Group of the Ninth Bomb Group.

From 1943 to 1945. He led more than 75 missions placing himself as lead pilot in his B-26 Lady Belle on low-level bombing runs against defended Axis targets in Occupied France; the Lady Belle, was named after his mother, Belle Williams. Williams' Marauders were known as the "Black Death" group; as a California newspaper reported, "In less than eight months of operation the Black Deat