Van Nuys Airport
For the United States Air Force use of the airport, see Van Nuys Air National Guard BaseVan Nuys Airport is a public airport in Van Nuys in the San Fernando Valley section of the City of Los Angeles, California. No major airlines fly into this airport, owned and operated by Los Angeles World Airports. Van Nuys Airport is one of the busiest general aviation airports in the world. With two parallel runways, Van Nuys Airport averages over 230,000 landings annually; the airport is home to the Van Nuys FlyAway Bus service, which runs nonstop buses to Los Angeles International Airport for travelers who park their cars at Van Nuys. Many news, medical transport, tour helicopters from the Los Angeles area are based at Van Nuys Airport; the Los Angeles City Fire Department operates its Air Operations Unit at Van Nuys Airport. The City of Los Angeles has its maintenance hub at the airport, used for staging and maintaining LAPD and LADWP helicopters. Van Nuys Airport covers 725 acres and has two runways: 16R/34L: 8,001 ft × 150 ft Asphalt 16L/34R: 4,013 ft × 75 ft Asphalt In 2001 a KTTV news helicopter "Sky Fox 2", a secondary helicopter, owned by KTLA, crashed at Van Nuys airport after experiencing problems while covering the Academy Awards.
A Cessna 525 Citation CJ1 twin-engine jet departing for Long Beach Airport crashed 0.5 miles north of the airport on January 12, 2007, killing two people on board. One was reported to be the owner of the company. On November 25, 2008, a Cessna 310 carrying 2 people experienced landing gear problems. After burning off fuel, it was able to land on the runway without incident, although its front gear collapsed upon landing. On January 9, 2015, a Lancair aircraft crashed after takeoff just south of the airport at the intersection of Vanowen Street and Hayvenhurst Avenue; the pilot, an experienced flight instructor and Jet Propulsion Laboratory robotics engineer, was killed. FBOs: Signature Flight Support Clay Lacy Aviation Castle and Cooke Aviation Jet Aviation Airport businesses Mather Aviation Thorton Aircraft Company HeliNet Van Nuys Airport has been the location of many film and music video shoots. Parts of the climatic scene of the 1942 film Casablanca were filmed at Van Nuys Airport, at the time known as Metropolitan Airport.
The dramatic ending of the 1950 film noir Armored Car Robbery takes place at what was Los Angeles Metropolitan Airport. Antagonist William Talman and his burlesque queen girlfriend Adele Jergens are attempting to escape by chartered airplane, are cornered by Detective Charles McGraw. Talman runs, is killed on the runway by a landing airplane. In 2005, One Six Right, a film documenting the history of Van Nuys Airport was released, it was named after the most favored runway at the airport. Many television shows have filmed at the airport, including an episode of the TV show Alias, several episodes of Season 5 of 24. A major part of the science fiction classic Silent Running was filmed at the Van Nuys Airport in March 1971; the Domes from the spacecraft that contained the last surviving forests were filmed there. The forest environments were intended to be filmed in the Mitchell Park Domes in Milwaukee, but the production budget forced the sequences to be shot in a newly completed aircraft hangar in Van Nuys.
The 1980s action-espionage series Airwolf used the Van Nuys Airport hangars as the site of "Santini Air", the charter air service company owned and operated by Ernest Borgnine's character in the series. In the last episode of Season 1 of the HBO series Entourage, the final scene takes place at Van Nuys Airport, where Vincent Chase and company take off for New York City, it was used in the fourth season when Kanye West offers the group a plane ride on a Marquis Jet to Cannes. In Season 5 episode 7, Chase and Ari Gold run into each other in a hangar as each are about to depart on separate flights to Geneva and Hawaii, respectively; the last episode of season 6, episode 12, is used as a location where Chase and his crew run into Matt Damon on the way to Italy for a film shoot. Britney Spears's music video for "Stronger" Metallica's music video for "The Memory Remains" Blink-182's music video for "All The Small Things" Kiss's music video for "God Gave Rock and Roll To You 2" This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.
FAA Airport Master Record for VNY Official website openNav: VNY / KVNY charts FAA Airport Diagram, effective March 28, 2019 Resources for this airport: AirNav airport information for KVNY ASN accident history for VNY FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS latest weather observations SkyVector aeronautical chart for KVNY FAA current VNY delay information Facebook: Van Nuys Airport Twitter: @VanNuysAirport
Long Beach Airport
Long Beach Airport is three miles northeast of downtown Long Beach, in Los Angeles County, California. It was called Daugherty Field; the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a primary commercial service airport. Federal Aviation Administration records say the airport had 1,413,251 passenger boardings in calendar year 2008, 1,401,903 in 2009 and 1,451,404 in 2010. Located near the Los Angeles County and Orange County borders, Long Beach Airport serves the Los Angeles MSA. Due to its close proximity to the busier and larger Los Angeles International Airport twenty miles away, the airport sees more domestic commercial passenger, cargo and general aviation activity; the airport's placement near many residential areas has made the airport have one of the country's strictest ordinances limiting airport noise. It is the 10th busiest airport in California based at 1.4 million. As of May 2018 JetBlue operates the most airline flights out of Long Beach. Air cargo carriers, including FedEx and UPS use LGB. 57,000 tons of goods are carried each year.
The Boeing Company maintains maintenance facilities for Boeing and McDonnell Douglas/Douglas aircraft at Long Beach, produced the C-17 through 2015. Gulfstream Aerospace operates a completion/service center. Airline flights are restricted, but there are many charters, private aviation, flight schools, law enforcement flights, advertising blimps, planes towing advertising banners, etc. Long Beach airport is one of the busiest general aviation airports in the world, with 398,433 aircraft movements in 2007; the Long Beach Airport has an aggressive noise abatement program, with three full-time noise specialists. Under Long Beach municipal law, the city can criminally prosecute the aircraft's owner and the pilots for breaking the noise ordinance; as the airport continues to grow and air traffic increases, so do the complaints about loud and low flying aircraft. The airport produces a monthly complaint report. Long Beach Airport has one terminal in Streamline Moderne style, a historical landmark and was renovated in early 2013.
Long Beach Transit Routes 102, 104, 111, 176 serve the airport. Wardlow Road runs from the airport to the Los Angeles County/Orange County border, where it becomes Ball Road and crosses the north edge of the Disneyland Resort; the first transcontinental flight, a biplane flown by Calbraith Perry Rodgers, landed in 1911 on Long Beach's sandy beach. From 1911 until the airport was created, planes used the beach as a runway. Barnstormer Earl S. Daugherty had leased the area that became the airport for air shows, stunt flying, wing walking and passenger rides, he started the world's first flight school in 1919 at the same location. In 1923 Daugherty convinced the city council to use the site to create the first municipal airport. Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan used to fly out of Daugherty Field. Before his infamous flight from Brooklyn, New York, to Ireland in 1938, he had flown from Long Beach to New York. After authorities refused his request to continue on to Ireland, he was supposed to return to Daugherty Field, but a claimed navigational error routed him to Ireland.
He never publicly acknowledged having flown there intentionally. In the 1940s and 1950s the only airline nonstops from Long Beach Airport were to Los Angeles, San Diego, sometimes Catalina Island. Jet schedules began in 1968. In 1980 the only jets were Pacific Southwest Airlines flights to SFO. In 1981 a new airline based in Long Beach, Jet America, began nonstop MD-80s to Chicago and, in 1982, to Dallas-Fort Worth; that year Alaska Airlines began nonstop Boeing 727s to Seattle. In 1983 American Airlines introduced nonstops to Chicago O'Hare and Dallas-Fort Worth, United Airlines began nonstops to Denver. In 1984 United scheduled two Boeing 767-200s a day nonstop to Denver, the largest passenger airliners to serve LGB. Between 1990 and 1992 Continental, Delta, TWA, USAir ended service to LGB, American Airlines left in early 2006. Alaska Airlines ended mainline service, ended codeshare service in 2015. Delta Connection and American Eagle regional jet flights continue at LGB. In February 2016 Southwest Airlines announced plans to begin service to the airport with an initial 4 available slots.
To attract the United States Navy, the City of Long Beach built a hangar and an administrative building and offered to lease it to the Navy for $1 a year for the establishment of the Naval Reserve Air Base. On May 10, 1928, the U. S. Navy commissioned the field as a Naval Reserve Air Base. Two years the city built a hangar and administrative building for the United States Army Air Corps as well. Significant developments to the little city airport began only after the city built hangars and administrative facilities for the Army and Navy in 1928-30; as a Naval Reserve Air Base the mission was to instruct and drill Naval Reserve personnel. A ground school was offered three nights a week at the base and two nights a week at the University of California in Los Angeles until 1930, when ground school was continuously offered at the base. On April 9, 1939, training in night flight began, shortly thereafter its facilities began to be used by fleet aircraft as well. Wit
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U. S. the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento; the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, the country's second most populous, after New York City. California has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; the City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. California's $3.0 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state, larger than those of Texas and Florida combined, the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world, the 36th most populous as of 2017.
The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 among large PSAs, is home to three of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics, it is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, fast food, the Internet, the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as global centers of the technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.
S. state. California is bordered by Oregon to the north and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; the state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time and wildfires have become more pervasive features. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries; the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom; the word California referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. The name derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo; this work was the fifth in a popular Spanish chivalric romance series that began with Amadis de Gaula. Queen Calafia's kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armor and lived like Amazons, as well as griffins and other strange beasts. In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, inhabited by black women without a single man among them, they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with great virtue; the island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000; the Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their political organization with bands, villages, on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash and Salinan.
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United States Air Force Plant 42
United States Air Force Plant 42 is a classified United States Government aircraft manufacturing plant, used by the United States Air Force. It is used by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Plant 42 and Palmdale Regional Airport are separate facilities that share a common runway at the site; the facility is located in the Antelope Valley 60 miles from downtown Los Angeles. Plant 42 is a United States Air Force facility, it is the Antelope Valley's second-largest employer, is owned by Wright-Patterson AFB but operated as a component of Edwards Air Force Base, 23 miles northeast of the airport. Most of the facilities are operated by private contractors and serve as a manufacturing plant for aircraft used by the United States and their allies' militaries. Plant 42 has a replacement value of $1.1 billion. Some of the plant's work involves production of spare parts for military aircraft, with other projects including maintenance and modification of aircraft such as the B-2 Spirit bomber and production of the Global Hawk and other unmanned craft.
Aerospace contractors at Air Force Plant 42 share a common runway complex, either lease building space from the Air Force or own their own buildings outright. There are eight production sites specially suited for advanced technology and/or "black" programs; the most well-known contractors at Plant 42 are Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman. The facilities were operated by IT&T. Plant 42 remains a GOCO, but now includes AF operations. Contractually operated for the Air Force since 1954, the Air Force under the Obama administration chose to in-source the contracted operations of the plant; the airfield is now operated by DoD, with 412 TW/Operating Location, Air Force Test Center in command. Plant 42 controls over 5,800 acres of Mojave Desert land north of Avenue P and south of Columbia Way; the western border is Sierra Highway, the plant extends east to around 40th Street East, south of Avenue N to Avenue P, 50th Street East north of Avenue N to Columbia Way. Northrop Grumman's B-2 final assembly and modification facility is at Palmdale.
The Department of Defense, in February 1995, announced its plan for providing depot support for the B-2. The plan includes a mix of commercial and organic sources for providing various functions and/or maintaining various components. For example, the engines are to be maintained by the Air Force, software support is to be provided by commercial sources, airframe maintenance is to be provided by Northrop Grumman at Palmdale, California. Rockwell's Palmdale assembly facility is where all the individual parts and systems of the Space Shuttle came together and were assembled and tested. Upon completion, the spacecraft was turned over to NASA for transport overland from Palmdale to Edwards Air Force Base, California. NASA's Dryden Flight Research Facility at Edwards Air Force Base was the site of the mate-demate facility for mating or demating the spacecraft and the shuttle carrier aircraft. 250 major subcontractors supplied various systems and components to Rockwell's Palmdale assembly facility.
The structures of the orbiter were manufactured at various companies under contract to Rockwell International's Space Transportation Systems Division, Calif. The upper and lower forward fuselage, crew compartment, forward reaction control system and aft fuselage were manufactured at Rockwell's Space Transportation Systems Division facility in Downey and were transported overland from Downey to Rockwell's Palmdale, Calif. assembly facility. The midfuselage was manufactured by General Dynamics, San Diego, Calif. and transported overland to Rockwell's Palmdale assembly facility. The wings were manufactured by Grumman, Long Island, N. Y. and transported by ship from New York via the Panama Canal to Long Beach, Calif. and transported overland to Rockwell's Palmdale assembly facility. The vertical tail were manufactured by Fairchild Republic, Long Island, N. Y. and transported overland to Rockwell's Palmdale assembly facility. The payload bay doors were manufactured at Rockwell International's Tulsa, Okla. facility and transported overland to Rockwell's Palmdale assembly facility.
The body flap was manufactured at Rockwell International's Columbus, Ohio and transported overland to Rockwell's Palmdale assembly facility. The aft orbital maneuvering system/reaction control system pods were manufactured by McDonnell Douglas, St. Louis, Mo. and transported by aircraft to Rockwell's Palmdale assembly facility. They were transported by aircraft from Rockwell's Palmdale assembly facility to the Kennedy Space Center; the National Aeronautics and Space Administration had been paying the Air Force for use of Plant 42 facilities for the shuttle work. NASA decided in February 2002 to shift space shuttle overhaul and modification work from Palmdale to Florida. Current projects include design, pre-production, modification, flight testing and repair mission related activities to the following: B-2 Spirit F-22 Raptor F-35 Lightning II U-2 Boeing B-52 Stratofortress RQ-4 Global Hawk MQ-4C Triton SOFIA - NASA 747SP RQ-170 X-47B Northrop Grumman B-21 Raider The Blackbird Airpark Museum part of Air Force Flight Test Museum and the ad
According to the International Civil Aviation Organization, a runway is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft". Runways may be a natural surface. In January 1919, aviation pioneer Orville Wright underlined the need for "distinctly marked and prepared landing places, the preparing of the surface of reasonably flat ground an expensive undertaking there would be a continuous expense for the upkeep." Runways are named by a number between 01 and 36, the magnetic azimuth of the runway's heading in decadegrees. This heading differs from true north by the local magnetic declination. A runway numbered 09 points east, runway 18 is south, runway 27 points west and runway 36 points to the north; when taking off from or landing on runway 09, a plane is heading around 90°. A runway can be used in both directions, is named for each direction separately: e.g. "runway 15" in one direction is "runway 33" when used in the other. The two numbers differ by 18.
For clarity in radio communications, each digit in the runway name is pronounced individually: runway one-five, runway three-three, etc.. A leading zero, for example in "runway zero-six" or "runway zero-one-left", is included for all ICAO and some U. S. military airports. However, most U. S. civil aviation airports drop the leading zero. This includes some military airfields such as Cairns Army Airfield; this American anomaly may lead to inconsistencies in conversations between American pilots and controllers in other countries. It is common in a country such as Canada for a controller to clear an incoming American aircraft to, for example, runway 04, the pilot read back the clearance as runway 4. In flight simulation programs those of American origin might apply U. S. usage to airports around the world. For example, runway 05 at Halifax will appear on the program as the single digit 5 rather than 05. If there is more than one runway pointing in the same direction, each runway is identified by appending left and right to the number to identify its position — for example, runways one-five-left, one-five-center, one-five-right.
Runway zero-three-left becomes runway two-one-right. In some countries, regulations mandate that where parallel runways are too close to each other, only one may be used at a time under certain conditions. At large airports with four or more parallel runways some runway identifiers are shifted by 1 to avoid the ambiguity that would result with more than three parallel runways. For example, in Los Angeles, this system results in runways 6L, 6R, 7L, 7R though all four runways are parallel at 69°. At Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, there are five parallel runways, named 17L, 17C, 17R, 18L, 18R, all oriented at a heading of 175.4°. An airport with only three parallel runways may use different runway identifiers, such as when a third parallel runway was opened at Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport in 2000 to the south of existing 8R/26L — rather than confusingly becoming the "new" 8R/26L it was instead designated 7R/25L, with the former 8R/26L becoming 7L/25R and 8L/26R becoming 8/26.
Runway designations may change over time because Earth's magnetic lines drift on the surface and the magnetic direction changes. Depending on the airport location and how much drift occurs, it may be necessary to change the runway designation; as runways are designated with headings rounded to the nearest 10°, this affects some runways sooner than others. For example, if the magnetic heading of a runway is 233°, it is designated Runway 23. If the magnetic heading changes downwards by 5 degrees to 228°, the runway remains Runway 23. If on the other hand the original magnetic heading was 226°, the heading decreased by only 2 degrees to 224°, the runway becomes Runway 22; because magnetic drift itself is slow, runway designation changes are uncommon, not welcomed, as they require an accompanying change in aeronautical charts and descriptive documents. When runway designations do change at major airports, it is changed at night as taxiway signs need to be changed and the huge numbers at each end of the runway need to be repainted to the new runway designators.
In July 2009 for example, London Stansted Airport in the United Kingdom changed its runway designations from 05/23 to 04/22 during the night. For fixed-wing aircraft it is advantageous to perform takeoffs and landings into the wind to reduce takeoff or landing roll and reduce the ground speed needed to attain flying speed. Larger airports have several runways in different directions, so that one can be selected, most nearly aligned with the wind. Airports with one runway are constructed to be aligned with the prevailing wind. Compiling a wind rose is in fact one of the preliminary steps taken in constructing airport runways. Note that wind direction is given as the direction the wind is coming from: a plane taking off from runway 09 faces east, into an "east wind" blowing from 090°. Runway dimensions vary from as small as 245 m long and 8 m wide in s
La Verne, California
La Verne is a small city in Los Angeles County, United States. The population was 31,063 at the 2010 census, down from 31,638 at the 2000 census; the history of the area dates back to the 1830s when Ygnacio Palomares received the 15,000-acre Rancho San Jose land grant from Governor Juan Bautista Alvarado in 1837. The land included the present day cities Pomona, San Dimas, La Verne; the adobe which Palomares built in 1837 is still preserved in Pomona as La Casa Primera de Rancho San Jose. Palomares soon constructed the Ygnacio Palomares Adobe, he ensured that Jose Dolores Palomares, secured a tract of land a mile west. In the mid-1880s, entrepreneur Isaac W. Lord purchased a tract of Jose Palomares' land and convinced the Santa Fe Railroad company to run its line across towards Los Angeles. Lord had the land surveyed for building lots and in 1887 had a large land sale, naming the new town'Lordsburg' after himself, he had a large Lordsburg Hotel constructed, but the land boom was over by the time it was completed.
It sat empty for several years, until sold to four members of the German Baptist Brethren Church, who persuaded others of that denomination that it would be an excellent site for a new institution of higher learning. Lordsburg College was founded in 1891. In 1906 the town was incorporated as "La Verne." Residents grew field crops began planting citrus trees, which flourished. Lordsburg became known as the "Heart of the Orange Empire." The city of La Verne flourished as a center of the citrus industry until after World War II, when the citrus industry faded away. Today the last two orange groves are on the grounds of the La Verne Heritage Park. La Verne is a suburb 30 miles east of Los Angeles, located in the San Gabriel Valley below the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.562 square miles. It is to the west of Claremont; the city of Pomona lies to the south. California State Route 210 bisects La Verne in an east–west direction, U.
S. Route 66 passes through the city. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, La Verne has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps; the 2010 United States Census reported that La Verne had a population of 31,063. The population density was 3,628.0 people per square mile. The racial makeup of La Verne was 23,057 White, 1,065 African American, 265 Native American, 2,381 Asian, 61 Pacific Islander, 2,822 from other races, 1,412 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9,635 persons; the Census reported that 30,387 people lived in households, 501 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 175 were institutionalized. There were 11,261 households, out of which 3,582 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 6,286 were married couples living together, 1,438 had a female householder with no husband present, 489 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 420 unmarried couples living together, 74 homosexual partners living together.
2,517 households were made up of individuals and 1,429 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70. There were 8,213 families; the population was spread out with 6,605 people under the age of 18, 3,106 people aged 18 to 24, 6,678 people aged 25 to 44, 9,417 people aged 45 to 64, 5,257 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males. There were 11,686 housing units at an average density of 1,364.9 per square mile, of which 8,388 were owner-occupied, 2,873 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.7%. 22,995 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 7,392 people lived in rental housing units. During 2009–2013, La Verne had a median household income of $77,040, with 7.9% of the population living below the federal poverty line. As of the census of 2000, there were 31,638 people, 11,070 households, 8,346 families residing in the city.
The population density was 3,805.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 11,286 housing units at an average density of 1,357.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 77.06% White, 3.21% African American, 0.64% Native American, 7.20% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 7.42% from other races, 4.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.12% of the population. There were 11,070 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.6% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.23. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years.
For every 100 females, there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.0 males. As of 2007, the median income for a household in the city was $75,4