1986 NBA draft
The 1986 NBA draft was held on June 17, 1986. This draft holds the record for the most players who debuted in the NBA, with 66. There were various drug-related problems. Most notable was the death of touted Len Bias. Bias died less than two days after being selected second overall by the defending champion Boston Celtics, his death was ruled an overdose. Other problems involving drugs hampered the careers of Chris Washburn, Roy Tarpley, William Bedford. While a number of first-round selections were unable to make an impact in the league, this draft did feature a number of talented second-round selections. Dennis Rodman, who became one of the leading defenders and rebounders in NBA history, was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in August 2011. Mark Price, Kevin Duckworth, Jeff Hornacek went on to have successful careers, each made the NBA All-Star Game. Three others – Johnny Newman, Nate McMillan, David Wingate – had long, productive careers as role players; this draft contained two exceptional international players, both of whom had shortened careers for unusual reasons.
Third-round selection Dražen Petrović was coming off an All-Star caliber fourth season when he was killed in an automobile accident in 1993. He has since been elected to both the FIBA Hall of Fame; the other, Arvydas Sabonis, was not permitted to play in the United States because of the dangerous political climate in the Soviet Union. He won two Olympic medals before his arrival in the NBA—a gold in 1988 with the USSR, a bronze in 1992 with Lithuania. After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Sabonis had a successful career in Europe before joining the Portland Trail Blazers in 1995. Sabonis had lost much of his mobility by the time he joined the team because of a string of knee and Achilles tendon injuries, he finished second in both Rookie of the Year voting. He played seven seasons with Portland before returning to his homeland of Lithuania where he finished his career. Sabonis entered the FIBA Hall in 2010 and the Naismith Hall in 2011; this draft is known for the number of players who made important contributions to the sport of basketball outside of the court.
For example, Nate McMillan had a successful run with the Seattle SuperSonics as a player and as head coach, spent seven seasons as head coach of the Portland Trail Blazers. Scott Skiles was the former coach of the Milwaukee Bucks and the first coach to lead the Chicago Bulls to the playoffs in the post-Jordan era. Larry Krystkowiak, a former Bucks head coach, was hired in April 2011 as the new head coach at the University of Utah. John Salley won four championship rings with three different NBA teams before becoming one of the hosts of The Best Damn Sports Show Period on Fox Sports Network. Mark Price served as an assistant coach at Georgia Tech, a shooting consultant with Memphis and Atlanta, a shooting coach for Golden State, in December 2011 was named Player Development Coach for the Orlando Magic. Jeff Hornacek would be a full-time assistant head coach for the Utah Jazz for two seasons before accepting a job as the head coach for the Phoenix Suns in the 2013–14 NBA season. In 2016, Jeff Hornacek became the head coach for the New York Knicks, is still coaching them as of 2018.
Pete Myers, selected in the sixth round as the 120th overall pick, was an assistant coach for the Chicago Bulls from 2001 to 2010 and Golden State Warriors since 2011. Jim Les, the 70th overall pick, was an assistant coach for the WNBA's Sacramento Monarchs from 1999 to 2001 was head coach at Bradley University from 2002 to 2011 and UC Davis since 2011. Jay Bilas, selected in the fifth round as the 108th overall pick but never played in the NBA, is an ESPN college basketball analyst; these players selected after the second round have played at least one game in the NBA. * compensation for draft choices traded away by Ted Stepien These players who declared or were automatically eligible for the 1986 draft were not selected but played in the NBA. SI.com's twenty-year retrospective on the 1986 NBA Draft
Caryn Elaine Johnson, known professionally as Whoopi Goldberg, is an American actress, comedian and television personality. She has been nominated for 13 Emmy Awards and is one of the few entertainers to have won an Emmy Award, a Grammy Award, an Academy Award, a Tony Award, she is the second black woman to win an Academy Award for acting. Goldberg's breakthrough role was Celie, a mistreated woman in the Deep South, in the period drama film The Color Purple, for which she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress and won her first Golden Globe Award. For her role in the romantic fantasy film Ghost as Oda Mae Brown, an eccentric psychic, Goldberg won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress and a second Golden Globe, her first for Best Supporting Actress. In 1992, Goldberg starred in the comedy Sister Act, earning a third Golden Globe nomination, her first for Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical, she reprised the role in Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit, making her the highest-paid actress at the time.
Her other film roles include Made in America, Corrina, The Lion King, The Little Rascals, Boys on the Side, Ghosts of Mississippi, How Stella Got Her Groove Back, Interrupted, For Colored Girls, Toy Story 3, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Nobody's Fool and Furlough. In television, Goldberg is known for her role as Guinan on Star Trek: The Next Generation, she has been the moderator of the talk show The View since 2007. Caryn Elaine Johnson was born in New York City's Manhattan borough on November 13, 1955, the daughter of Robert James Johnson Jr. a Baptist clergyman, Emma Johnson, a nurse and teacher. She was raised in the Chelsea-Elliot Houses. Goldberg has described her mother as a "stern and wise woman" who raised her as a single mother with her brother Clyde, who died of a brain aneurysm, she attended a local Catholic school, St Columba's. Her more recent forebears migrated north from Georgia, she dropped out of Washington Irving High School. She has stated. So if you get a little gassy, you've got to let it go.
So people used to say to me,'You're like a whoopee cushion.' And that's where the name came from." She said in 2011, "My mother did not name me Whoopi, but Goldberg is my name, it's part of my family, part of my heritage. Just like being black." Henry Louis Gates Jr. in his book In Search of Our Roots: How 19 Extraordinary African Americans Reclaimed Their Past, found that all of Goldberg's traceable ancestors were African Americans, that she has no known German or Jewish ancestry, that none of her ancestors were named Goldberg. Results of a DNA test, revealed in the 2006 PBS documentary African American Lives, traced part of her ancestry to the Papel and Bayote people of modern-day Guinea-Bissau, her admixture test indicates that she is of 92 percent sub-Saharan African origin and of 8 percent European origin. According to an anecdote told by Nichelle Nichols in Trekkies, a young Goldberg was watching Star Trek, upon seeing Nichols's character Uhura, exclaimed, "Momma! There's a black lady on television and she ain't no maid!"
This spawned lifelong fandom of Star Trek for Goldberg, who would ask for and receive a recurring guest-starring role on Star Trek: The Next Generation. In the 1970s, Goldberg relocated to Southern California before settling in Berkeley, where she worked various odd jobs, including as a bank teller, a waitress at vegetarian restaurant, a mortuary cosmetologist, a bricklayer. There, she joined the avant-garde theater troupe, the Blake Street Hawkeyes, taught comedy and acting classes which were attended by Courtney Love. Between 1979 and 1981, she lived in East Germany. Goldberg trained under acting teacher Uta Hagen at the HB Studio in New York City, she first appeared onscreen in Citizen: I'm Not Losing My Mind, I'm Giving It Away, an avant-garde ensemble feature by San Francisco filmmaker William Farley. Goldberg created The Spook Show, a one-woman show composed of different character monologues in 1983. Director Mike Nichols offered to take the show to Broadway; the show was retitled Whoopi Goldberg for its Broadway incarnation, ran from October 24, 1984, to March 10, 1985, for a total of 156 performances.
Goldberg's Broadway performance caught the eye of director Steven Spielberg, who cast her in the lead role of The Color Purple, based on the novel by Alice Walker. The Color Purple was a critical and commercial success, it was nominated including a nomination for Goldberg as Best Actress. Goldberg starred in Penny Marshall's directorial debut Jumpin' Jack Flash and began a relationship with David Claessen, a director of photography on the set; the film was a modest success, during the next two years, three additional motion pictures featured Goldberg: Burglar, Fatal Beauty and The Telephone. Though these were not as successful as her prior motion pictures, Goldberg still garnered awards from the NAACP Image Awards. Goldberg and Claessen divorced after the poor box office performance of The Telephone, which Goldberg was under contract to star in, she tried unsuccessfully to sue the producers of the film
Ronald Harper is an American retired professional basketball player and five-time National Basketball Association champion. He played for four teams in the NBA between 1986 and 2001. Ron Harper grew up in Dayton, Ohio. Ron and his twin brother were the youngest of six children raised in a single-parent household by their mother, Gloretha Harper, she worked at several jobs to support the family, including as a school teacher and on an assembly line at a General Motors plant. In high school, he first attended Belmont High School in Dayton, but was cut from the freshman team and didn't play as a sophomore, he transferred to Kiser High School in Dayton and as a senior averaged 20.5 points, 13.4 rebounds, five assists, five steals and six blocked shots and was named first-team All-Ohio. He graduated from Kiser in 1982; the Kiser High School facility is now an elementary school. In 2006, Harper attended a ceremony. Harper starred at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio for four seasons from 1982–83 through 1985–86.
As a freshman, Harper scored 12.8 points per game and led Miami in rebounding with 7.0 per game as the team went 13-15. As a sophomore, he led the Redskins in scoring with 16.3 points per game and in rebounding with 7.6 per game as the Redskins went 24-6 and won the Mid-American Conference championship, the MAC tournament championship, earned a berth in the NCAA tournament. In his junior season, he set personal bests and again led the team with 24.9 and 10.7 rebounds per game and led in steals with 2.6 per game. He was named MAC Player of the Year as the Redskins went 20-11, finished second in the MAC and earned a berth in the NCAA tournament. In his senior season, on March 8, 1985, he set both a Miami and a MAC tournament single-game scoring record of 45 points in one game, his scoring average of 24.9 per game is second all-time at Miami behind Fred Foster's 26.8 in 1967–68. He again steals, he became the first MAC player in history to record a triple-double with 38 points, 19 rebounds and 12 assists against Ball State University.
He was again named MAC Player of the Year and named second-team All-American by both the Associated Press and United Press International. The Redskins went 24-7 to earn a berth in the NCAA tournament. Harper is Miami's all-time leading scorer with 2,377 points, leads both in rebounding with 1,119, he was the first men's player in MAC history to score 2,000 points and grab 1,000 rebounds in a career. He holds the Redskins/RedHawks' all-time records for career scoring average, games started, minutes played, field goals, blocked shots, he had a career field goal percentage of.534. At his final home game in 1986, he became the first basketball player in Miami history to have his number retired. Harper was selected in the first round in the 1986 NBA draft by the Cleveland Cavaliers. Harper made his NBA debut on November 1, 1986, he broke 30 points in just his sixth game, with 34 against the Sacramento Kings on November 11, 1986. He scored a season-high 40 points against the Boston Celtics on February 4, 1987 and had one of his finest all-around games on February 10, 1987 against the New York Knicks with 25 points, 16 rebounds, four assists and five steals.
Harper started all 82 games and averaged 22.9 points per game and 4.8 rebounds per game along with 4.8 assists and 2.5 steals. He placed second in Rookie of the Year balloting behind Chuck Person of the Indiana Pacers. In his second season, he was limited to 57 games due to a sprained ankle suffered in the second game of the season that kept him out until late December. For the season, he averaged 15.4 ppg. The Cavaliers were eliminated by the Chicago Bulls, three games to two; the following season, 1988–89, he again started all 82 games, averaging 18.6 ppg, 5.0 rpg, 5.3 assists and 2.3 steals as the Cavaliers advanced to the playoffs, where they were eliminated in the first round, again by the Chicago Bulls three games to two, this time with a one-point loss in game 5 in Chicago. In his fourth season, 1989–90, after seven games with the Cavaliers, on November 16, 1989 he was traded to the Los Angeles Clippers. Harper started all 28 games he played for the Clippers, but his season was cut short by a serious right knee injury suffered in a game in January 1990.
Diagnosed with both a torn anterior cruciate ligament and torn cartilage, he underwent surgery. For the 1989–90 season overall, he averaged 22.8 ppg, 5.9 rpg, 5.2 assists, 2.3 steals and a career-high 1.2 blocks per game. His season was highlighted by back-to-back 39-point games against Denver and Indiana in December 1989, both of which the Clippers won. In his next season, 1990–91, he was limited to 39 games, but still posted averages of 19.6 ppg and 4.8 rpg along with 5.4 assists and 1.7 stealsBy 1991–92, his sixth NBA season, he bounced back to start all 82 games, averaging 18.2 ppg, 5.5 rpg, 5.1 assists and 1.9 steals. as the Clippers advanced to the playoffs, where they were eliminated three games to two by the Utah Jazz. In 1992 -- 93, in 80 games, Harper averaged 5.3 rpg, 4.5 assists and 2.2 steals. The Clippers again made the playoffs, but yet again Harper's team was eliminated in the first round, this time three games to two by the Houston Rockets. In 1993–94, his fourth full season with the Clippers and eighth in the NBA, he played and started in 75 games, averaging 20.1 ppg, 6.1 rpg, 4.6 assists and 1.9 steals.
On March 11, 1994, he tallied a triple-double with 26 points, 10 rebounds and 10 assists along with six steals in a win over the Dallas Mavericks. Two ni
William Mark Price is an American former basketball player and coach. He was most the head coach of the UNC Charlotte 49ers; as a player, he played for 12 seasons in the National Basketball Association, from 1986 to 1998. Spending the majority of his career with the Cleveland Cavaliers, his last three years consisted of one season each with the Washington Bullets, Golden State Warriors, Orlando Magic. Standing at 6 feet tall, Price played college basketball at Georgia Tech. During his time playing on the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets men's basketball team, he was a two-time All American and four-time All ACC basketball player who helped lead the Yellow Jackets to an ACC Championship his junior year by defeating North Carolina in the ACC Tournament championship game, he was named the ACC Player of the Year for the 1984–85 season and his jersey was retired. He was inducted into the school's Hall of Fame in 1991 and into the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame in 2005. Price graduated in four years with a degree in Industrial Management.
All-time Georgia Tech leader in 3-point field goal percentage All-time Georgia Tech leader in steals All-time Georgia Tech leader in consecutive games started All-time Georgia Tech leader in minutes played A point guard, he mystified critics who said he was too slow, too small and too deliberate for a high-level game. Selected first in the second round by the Dallas Mavericks in the 1986 NBA draft, he was acquired by the Cleveland Cavaliers in a draft day trade that helped turn the team into an Eastern Conference power. Price was known as one of the league's most consistent shooters, he finished his career with a 90.4% free throw shooting percentage and a 40% three-point field goal shooting percentage. During the 1988–89 season, Price became the second player, after Larry Bird, to join the NBA's 50–40–90 club for those who shot at least 40% from three-point range, at least 50% from the field and at least 90% from the free throw line in a single season, is still one of only seven players to have done this while achieving the NBA league minimum number of makes in each category.
Price ranked among the assist leaders, twice won the Three Point Contest, was a four-time All-Star. Price was named to the All-NBA First Team after the 1992–93 season. Price was second in franchise steals with 734, a Cavaliers record that stood until December 9, 2008 when LeBron James surpassed him. Another one of Price's distinguishing traits on the court was his pioneering of the splitting of the double team; as former teammate Steve Kerr explains, "Mark revolutionized the way that people attack the screen and roll. To me, he was the first guy in the NBA who split the screen and roll. A lot of teams started blitzing the pick and roll and jumping two guys at it to take the ball out of the hands of the point guard. He'd shoot that little runner in the lane. Nobody was doing that at that time. You watch an NBA game now and everybody does that. Mark was a pioneer in that regard." Price was plagued by injuries late in his career, a factor in his trade to the Washington Bullets prior to the 1995–96 season.
He played one season for Washington before moving on to the Golden State Warriors with whom he spent the 1996–97 season. On October 28, 1997, Price was traded to the Orlando Magic for David Vaughn Brian Shaw, he spent two seasons with the Magic before being waived on June 30, 1998 ending his career. During his career Price represented the United States national team, he played for them in the 1983 Pan American Games where the team won gold medals, represented the national team in the 1994 FIBA World Championship, where they were known as Dream Team II, won gold medals. Not long after retirement, Price's number, 25, was retired by the Cleveland Cavaliers, he is a member of the Georgia and Oklahoma Sports Halls of Fame. The city of Enid, renamed the basketball arena Mark Price Arena, as a tribute to the NBA player's accomplishments, since he was one of the best basketball athletes in Enid High School history, his brother Brent Price played ten seasons in the NBA. His daughter Caroline had a short stint in professional tennis after playing for the North Carolina Tar Heels.
Mark Price began his coaching career during the 1998–99 basketball season as a community coach under head coach and friend Joe Marelle at Duluth High School for the varsity boys team. After Marelle discovered he had non-Hodgkins lymphoma, Price became a primary factor in the team's return trip to the final four of the class 5A GHSA state tournament, it was the first time. Price went on to be an assistant coach to Bobby Cremins at Georgia Tech during the 1999–2000 season. After Cremins retired from coaching at Georgia Tech, Price went on the following year to be the head coach at Whitefield Academy in Atlanta for the 2000–01 season leading the team to a 27-5 record and the final eight teams of the state Class A tournament, a 20 win improvement over the prior season and 27 win improvement two seasons before Price arrived. NBA player Josh Smith played at Whitefield Academy the same season Price was coach. In 2002, Price won the John Wooden Keys to Life Award. In 2003, Price was a consultant for the NBA's Denver Nuggets.
He became an NBA television analyst and color commentator for both the Cleveland Cavaliers and the Atlanta Hawks. In March 2006, Price was named the inaugural head coach of the Australian NBL's South Dragons, a new franchise for the 2006–07 season. Price was th
North Carolina Museum of History
An affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution,the North Carolina Museum of History is located in downtown Raleigh, North Carolina. Admission is free. Special programs include educational programs for children and families as well as craft demonstrations, music concerts, other events for visitors and members; the Museum Shop features an assortment of North Carolina -- made products. The museum is a part of the Division of State History Museums, Office of Archives and History, an agency of the North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources. Frederick Augustus Olds, known as the "father" of the North Carolina Museum of History, began collecting items from across North Carolina in the late 19th century, he traversed all 100 counties, at least once, acquired not only pieces of the past but the stories associated with them—starting a philosophy that exists to this day at the museum: using stories to relate the past of North Carolina. On December 5, 1902, Olds merged his large private collection with the collection owned and displayed in a room of the State Museum.
The assortment of historical artifacts became known as the "Hall of History" and was opened to the public. The hall's 37 cases contained items as various as a studded shoe buckle owned by James Iredell to the death mask of Confederate General Robert Hoke; the North Carolina Historical Commission took over the Hall of History in 1914 and moved the collection to the Ruffin Building on the southwest corner of Union Square. The hall was moved, in 1939, to the Education Building, across from the northwest corner of Union Square, where an area was designed to accommodate both artifacts and exhibits. On July 1, 1965, with continued growth of the collection, need for expanded exhibit space, an increase in staff, the Hall of History was renamed the North Carolina Museum of History and was identified to become a part of the new Archives and History/State Library Building; that move took place in 1968. On June 16, 1988, the State of North Carolina broke ground at 5 East Edenton Street to begin construction of a new, dedicated building for the museum.
Located in part of the block between the State Capitol and the Legislative Building, the museum's permanent home was completed in 1994 for more than $29 million. The new building features a research library, classrooms, a 315-seat auditorium, a design shop, conservation labs, artifact storage space, the Museum Shop, 55,000 square feet of exhibit space on four floors. One of the North Carolina Museum of History's best known outreach programs is the Tar Heel Junior Historian Association. THJHA inspires and empowers North Carolina students to discover local and state history—in an active, hands-on way; the association encourages junior historians to share what they learn through projects that are planned and completed by students. Many projects are shared during the THJHA Annual Convention in Raleigh. Award-winning projects become a part of the association's gallery, History in Every Direction. Authorized by the North Carolina General Assembly in 1953, THJHA is a network of free clubs across the state, with members in grades 4–12 and at least one adult adviser.
Clubs may be sponsored by public, private, or home schools, or by other organizations such as museums and historical societies, 4-H and FFA groups, or scouting programs. Clubs can be any size, from one student and one adviser to hundreds of students and several advisers. THJHA staff at the museum provide support and resources that include a semiannual student magazine Tar Heel Junior Historian; the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame is housed in a 4,000 square feet permanent exhibit gallery on the third floor of the North Carolina Museum of History. The hall of fame was established in February 1963, with support from the Charlotte Chamber of Commerce, "celebrates excellence and extraordinary achievement in athletics commemorates and memorializes exceptional accomplishments in or connected with the world of sports who have brought recognition and esteem to themselves and to the State of North Carolina." The hall inducted its first class of five members in December of that year and, as of 2010, numbered 274 members.
Since the beginning, who are elected annually, have donated mementos of their sports careers to the hall of fame. In 1969 officials at the Charlotte Coliseum agreed to display these objects in the corridor of the building, hoping to expand the building to include a room dedicated to the hall; the expansion never occurred, in 1981 the objects were moved to the North Carolina Museum of History, where a dedicated gallery was a part of the new museum's plans. Mementos on display in the gallery include Richard Petty's race car, Dale Earnhardt's fire suit, North Carolina State University basketball coach Jim Valvano's warm-up suit, Arnold Palmer's Ryder Cup golf bag, Meadowlark Lemon's Harlem Globetrotters basketball uniform, North Carolina State University coach Kay Yow's Olympic team basketball, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill football star Charlie "Choo Choo" Justice's jersey. Basketball great and Wilmington, North Carolina, native Michael Jordan was conspicuously missing from the hall for many years because though he had been selected for induction, he had been "unable" to attend the required induction banquet.
In 2010, it was announced that Jordan wo
Asheville, North Carolina
Asheville is a city and the county seat of Buncombe County, North Carolina, United States. It is the largest city in Western North Carolina, the 12th-most populous city in the U. S. state of North Carolina. The city's population was 89,121 according to 2016 estimates, it is the principal city in the four-county Asheville metropolitan area, with a population of 424,858 in 2010. Before the arrival of the Europeans, the land where Asheville now exists lay within the boundaries of the Cherokee Nation. In 1540, Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto came to the area known as Guaxule, bringing the first European visitors along with European diseases, which depleted the native population; the area was used as an open hunting ground until the middle of the 19th century. The history of Asheville, as a town, began in 1784. In that year, Colonel Samuel Davidson and his family settled in the Swannanoa Valley, redeeming a soldier's land grant from the state of North Carolina. Soon after building a log cabin at the bank of Christian Creek, Davidson was lured into the woods by a band of Cherokee hunters and killed.
Davidson's wife and female slave fled on foot overnight to Davidson's Fort 16 miles away. In response to the killing, Davidson's twin brother Major William Davidson and brother-in-law Colonel Daniel Smith formed an expedition to retrieve Samuel Davidson's body and avenge his murder. Months after the expedition, Major Davidson and other members of his extended family returned to the area and settled at the mouth of Bee Tree Creek; the United States Census of 1790 counted 1,000 residents of the area, excluding the Cherokee Native Americans. Buncombe County was formed in 1792; the county seat, named "Morristown" in 1793, was established on a plateau where two old Indian trails crossed. In 1797, Morristown was incorporated and renamed "Asheville" after North Carolina Governor Samuel Ashe. Asheville, with a population of 2,500 by 1861, remained untouched by the Civil War, but contributed a number of companies to the Confederate States Army, as well as a number for the United States Army. For a time, an Enfield rifle manufacturing facility was located in the town.
The war came to Asheville as an afterthought, when the "Battle of Asheville" was fought in early April 1865 at the present-day site of the University of North Carolina at Asheville, with Union forces withdrawing to Tennessee after encountering resistance from a small group of Confederate senior and junior reserves and recuperating Confederate soldiers in prepared trench lines across the Buncombe Turnpike. An engagement was fought that month at Swannanoa Gap as part of the larger Stoneman's Raid, with Union forces retreating in the face of resistance from Brig. Gen. Martin, commander of Confederate troops in western North Carolina, but returning to the area via Howard's Gap and Henderson County. In late April 1865, North Carolina Union troops from the 3rd North Carolina Mounted Infantry, under the overall command of Union Gen. Stoneman, captured Asheville. After a negotiated departure, the troops subsequently returned and plundered and burned a number of Confederate supporters' homes in Asheville.
On October 2, 1880, the Western North Carolina Railroad completed its line from Salisbury to Asheville, the first rail line to reach the city. It was sold and resold to the Richmond and Danville Railroad Company, becoming part of the Southern Railway in 1894. With the completion of the first railway, Asheville experienced a slow but steady growth as industrial plants increased in number and size, new residents built homes. Textile mills were established and plants were set up for the manufacture of wood and mica products and other commodities; the 21-mile distance between Hendersonville and Asheville of the former Asheville and Spartanburg Railroad was completed in 1886. By that point, the line was operated as part of the Richmond and Danville Railroad until 1894 and controlled by the Southern Railway afterward. Asheville had the first electric street railway lines in the state of North Carolina, the first of which opened in 1889; these would be replaced by buses in 1934. In 1900, Asheville was the third largest city in the state, behind Charlotte.
Asheville prospered in the decades of the 1920s. During these years, Rutherford P. Hayes, son of President Rutherford B. Hayes, bought land, worked with Edward W. Pearson, Sr. to create the African-American Burton Street Community, worked to establish a sanitary district in West Asheville, which became an incorporated town in 1913, merging with Asheville in 1917. The Great Depression, the period of Asheville's history made world-famous by the novel Look Homeward, hit Asheville quite hard. On November 20, 1930, eight local banks failed. Only Wachovia remained open with infusions of cash from Winston-Salem; because of the explosive growth of the previous decades, the per capita debt owed by the city was the highest in the nation. By 1929, both the city and Buncombe County had incurred over $56 million in bonded debt to pay for a wide range of municipal and infrastructure improvements, including City Hall, the water system, Beaucatcher Tunnel, Asheville High School. Rather than default, the city paid those debts over a period of fifty years.
From the start of the depression through the 1980s, economic growth in Asheville was slow. During this time of financial stagnation, most of the buildings in the downtown district remained un
Richard Lee Petty, nicknamed The King, is a former NASCAR driver who raced from 1958 to 1992 in the former NASCAR Grand National and Winston Cup Series. He was the first driver to win the NASCAR Cup Championship a record, seven times, winning a record 200 races during his career, winning the Daytona 500 a record seven times, winning a record 27 races in the 1967 season alone. Statistically, he is the most accomplished driver in the history of the sport and is one of the most respected figures in motorsports as a whole, he collected a record number of poles and over 700 Top 10 finishes in his record 1,184 starts, including 513 consecutive starts from 1971–1989. Petty was the only driver to win in his 500th race start, until Matt Kenseth joined him in 2013, he was inducted into the inaugural class of the NASCAR Hall of Fame in 2010. Petty still is active day to day, as a NASCAR team owner in the Cup Series and owner of Petty's Garage in Level Cross, NC. Petty is a second generation driver, his father, Lee Petty, won the first Daytona 500 in 1959 and was a three-time NASCAR champion.
His son Kyle was a NASCAR driver. His grandson, was killed in a practice crash at New Hampshire Motor Speedway on May 12, 2000, five weeks after Lee's death. Adam's brother Austin works on day-to-day operations of the Victory Junction Gang Camp, a Hole in the Wall Gang Camp established by the Pettys after Adam's death. Petty married Lynda Owens in 1958, she died on March 25, 2014 at her home in Level Cross, North Carolina at age 72, after a long battle with cancer. They had four children—Kyle Petty, Sharon Petty-Farlow, Lisa Petty-Luck, Rebecca Petty-Moffit; the family resides in Petty's home town of Level Cross, North Carolina and operates Richard Petty Motorsports. The Richard Petty Museum was in nearby Randleman, North Carolina but moved back to its original location in March 2014. Petty was born in Level Cross, North Carolina, the son of Elizabeth and Lee Arnold Petty a NASCAR driver, the older brother of NASCAR personality Maurice Petty, he began his NASCAR career on July 1958, 16 days after his 21st birthday.
His first race was held at CNE Stadium in Toronto, Canada. In 1959, he was named NASCAR Rookie of the Year, after he produced 9 top 10 finishes, including six Top 5 finishes. In Lakewood, Georgia in 1959, Petty won his first race, but his father Lee protested, complaining of a scoring error on the officials' part. Hours Lee was awarded the win. In 1960, he finished 2nd in the NASCAR Grand National Points Race, got his first career win at the Charlotte Fairgrounds Speedway. 1963 was his breakout year, winning at tracks like Bridgehampton. In 1964, driving a potent Plymouth with a new Hemi engine, Petty led 184 of the 200 laps to capture his first Daytona 500, en route to 9 victories, earning over $114,000 and his first Grand National championship. Joining in the Chrysler boycott of NASCAR due to the organizing body's ban of the Hemi engine, Petty spent much of 1965 competing as a drag racer. Petty Enterprises installed the Hemi in the new compact Barracuda and lettered "OUTLAWED" on the door, he crashed this car at Southeastern Dragway, in Dallas, Georgia, on February 28, 1965, killing a six-year-old boy and injuring seven others.
Petty, his father Lee, Chrysler Corporation faced lawsuits totaling more than $1 million, though Petty and his team came to settlements with the lawsuits within 1 month of the suits being filed. Afterwards, a second Hemi Barracuda was built, this time with an altered wheelbase and with Hilborn fuel injection; this car was lettered with a large "43 JR" on the door. The car was successful, winning its class at the Bristol Spring Nationals and competing in many match races against well known racers such as Ronnie Sox, Don Nicholson, Phil Bonner, Huston Platt, Hubert Platt and Dave Strickler. After returning to NASCAR once the Hemi was reinstated, Richard continued drag racing the 43 JR until early 1966. On February 27, 1966, Richard Petty overcame a 2-lap deficit to win his second Daytona 500 when the race was stopped on lap 198 of 200 because of a thunderstorm; this made him the first driver to win the event twice. 1967 was a milestone year. In that year, Petty won 27 of the 48 races, including a record 10 wins in a row.
He won his second Grand National Championship. One of the 27 victories was the Southern 500 at Darlington, which would be his only Southern 500 victory, his dominance in this season earned him the nickname "King Richard". He had been known as "the Randleman Rocket". In 1969, Petty switched brands to Ford, due to his belief the Plymouth was not competitive on super-speedways, he would finish second in points. Won back in 1970 by the sleek new Plymouth Superbird with shark nose and towel rack wing, Petty returned to Plymouth for the 1970 season; this is the car in which Petty is cast in the Pixar film Cars, in which Richard and Lynda Petty had voice roles. On February 14, 1971, Petty won his third Daytona 500, driving a brand-new Plymouth Road Runner and beating Buddy Baker, by little more than a car length en route to another historic year, making him the first driver to win the race 3 times, he won 20 more races and claimed