Bradford (UK Parliament constituency)

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Bradford
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County West Riding of Yorkshire
Major settlements Bradford
18321885
Number of members Two
Replaced by Bradford Central
Bradford East
Bradford West
Created from Yorkshire

Bradford was a parliamentary constituency in Bradford, in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 until it was abolished for the 1885 general election.

It was then split into three new constituencies: Bradford Central, Bradford East, and Bradford West.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency was based upon the town of Bradford, in the West Riding of Yorkshire. It was enfranchised as a two-member parliamentary borough from 1832. Before 1832 the area was only represented as part of the county constituency of Yorkshire. After 1832 the non-resident Forty Shilling Freeholders of the area continued to qualify for a county vote (initially in the West Riding of Yorkshire seat, and from 1865 in a division of the West Riding).

Bradford, as a new parliamentary borough, had no voters enfranchised under the ancient rights preserved by the Reform Act 1832. All voters qualified under the new uniform, borough householder franchise.

The area was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1847, covering the parishes of Bradford, Horton and Manningham. Bradford was expanded in 1882 to include Allerton, Bolton, Bowling, Heaton, Thornbury and Tyersall. However the parliamentary boundaries were not affected until the redistribution of 1885.

After the expanded borough was divided into three single member seats in 1885, Bradford became a county borough with the passing of the Local Government Act 1888. The county borough was granted city status by Letters Patent in 1897.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Two MPs were elected at each general election. The table below shows the election years in which one or both of the MPs changed.[1][2]

Election First member First party Second member Second party
1832 Ellis Cunliffe Lister Liberal 1 John Hardy Liberal 1
1835 Conservative
1837 William Busfield Liberal 1
1841 John Hardy Conservative William Cunliffe Lister Liberal 1
1841 by-election William Busfield Liberal 1
1847 Thomas Perronet Thompson Liberal 1
1851 by-election Robert Milligan Liberal 1 [1]
1852 Henry Wickham Wickham Conservative
1857 Thomas Perronet Thompson Liberal 1 [2]
1859 Liberal 1 Titus Salt Liberal 1
1861 by-election William Edward Forster Liberal
1867 by-election Matthew William Thompson Liberal
1868 Henry Ripley Liberal
1869 by-election Edward Miall Liberal
1874 Henry Ripley Conservative
1880 Alfred Illingworth Liberal
1885 constituency divided: see Bradford Central, Bradford East, and Bradford West

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

By-election, 8 May 1880: Bradford[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Edward Forster Unopposed
Liberal hold
1880 General Election: Bradford[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Edward Forster 14,245 39.4 +8.5
Liberal Alfred Illingworth 12,922 35.7 +14.0
Conservative Henry Ripley 9,018 24.9 −1.5
Majority 3,904 10.8 +6.3
Turnout 23,263 (est) 86.0 (est) +6.5
Registered electors 27,049
Liberal hold Swing +4.6
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +7.4

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

1874 General Election: Bradford[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Edward Forster 11,945 30.9 −3.8
Conservative Henry Ripley 10,223 26.4 −7.3
Liberal John Venimore Godwin 8,398 21.7 −9.9
Lib-Lab James Hardaker 8,115 21.0 N/A
Turnout 19,341 (est) 79.5 (est) +15.0
Registered electors 24,331
Majority 1,722 4.5 +2.4
Liberal hold Swing −0.1
Majority 1,825 4.7 N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +3.1

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

By-election, 12 Mar 1869: Bradford[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Miall 9,243 54.2 +22.6
Liberal Matthew William Thompson 7,806 45.8 N/A
Majority 1,437 8.4 +6.3
Turnout 17,049 79.2 +14.7
Registered electors 21,518
Liberal hold Swing N/A
  • Caused by Ripley's election at the 1868 general election being declared void.
By-election, 21 Dec 1868: Bradford[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Edward Forster Unopposed
Liberal hold
1868 General Election: Bradford[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Edward Forster 9,646 34.7 N/A
Liberal Henry Ripley 9,347 33.7 N/A
Liberal Edward Miall 8,768 31.6 N/A
Majority 579 2.1 N/A
Turnout 13,881 (est) 64.5 (est) N/A
Registered electors 21,518
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A
By-election, 16 Oct 1867: Bradford[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Matthew William Thompson 2,210 55.0 N/A
Liberal Edward Miall 1,807 45.0 N/A
Majority 403 10.0 N/A
Turnout 4,017 77.4 N/A
Registered electors 5,189
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A
  • Caused by Wickham's death.
1865 General Election: Bradford[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Edward Forster Unopposed
Conservative Henry Wickham Wickham Unopposed
Registered electors 5,189
Liberal hold
Conservative gain from Liberal
By-election, 11 Feb 1861: Bradford[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Edward Forster Unopposed
Liberal hold
  • Caused by Salt's resignation.

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

1859 General Election: Bradford[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Wickham Wickham 2,076
Liberal Titus Salt 1,727
Conservative Alfred Harris 1,229
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing
At the 1857 General Election, Thomas Perronet Thompson and Henry Wickham Wickham were elected unopposed.[1]
1852 General Election: Bradford[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Milligan 1,266
Conservative Henry Wickham Wickham 1,159
Liberal Thomas Perronet Thompson 1,153
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
At the Bradford by-election, 1851 following the death of William Busfeild, Robert Milligan was elected unopposed.[1]

Elections in the 1840s[edit]

1847 General Election: Bradford[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Busfeild 937
Liberal Thomas Perronet Thompson 926
Conservative Henry Wickham Wickham 860
Conservative Gathorne Hardy 812
Majority
Turnout
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
Liberal hold Swing
Bradford by-election, 1841[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Busfeild 526
Conservative William Wilberforce 522
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
1841 General Election: Bradford[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hardy 612
Liberal William Cunliffe Lister 540
Liberal William Busfeild 503
Majority
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1830s[edit]

1837 General Election: Bradford[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ellis Cunliffe Lister 635
Liberal William Busfield 621
Conservative John Hardy 443
Conservative William Ferrand 383
Turnout
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
Liberal hold Swing
1835 General Election: Bradford[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hardy 611
Liberal Ellis Cunliffe Lister 589
Liberal George Hadfield 392
Turnout
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
Liberal hold Swing
1832 General Election: Bradford[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Ellis Cunliffe Lister 650
Liberal John Hardy 471
Liberal George Banks 402
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Liberal hold Swing

Note

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Craig, F. W. S. (1989). British electoral facts, 1832-1987. Dartmouth. ISBN 0-900178-30-2. 
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 4)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 57–58. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3. 
  4. ^ "Bradford Election". Bradford Observer. 5 February 1874. p. 8. Retrieved 28 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).