Florida is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Straits of Florida. Florida is the 22nd-most extensive, the 3rd-most populous, the 8th-most densely populated of the U. S. states. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States; the Miami metropolitan area is Florida's most populous urban area. Tallahassee is the state's capital. Florida's $1.0 trillion economy is the fourth largest in the United States. If it were a country, Florida would be the 16th largest economy in the world, the 58th most populous as of 2018. In 2017, Florida's per capita personal income was ranking 26th in the nation; the unemployment rate in September 2018 was 3.5% and ranked as the 18th in the United States. Florida exports nearly $55 billion in goods made in the 8th highest among all states.
The Miami Metropolitan Area is by far the largest urban economy in Florida and the 12th largest in the United States with a GDP of $344.9 billion as of 2017. This is more than twice the number of the next metro area, the Tampa Bay Area, which has a GDP of $145.3 billion. Florida is home to 51 of the world's billionaires with most of them residing in South Florida; the first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, who called it la Florida upon landing there in the Easter season, known in Spanish as Pascua Florida. Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845, it was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Native Americans, racial segregation after the American Civil War. Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues; the state's economy relies on tourism and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century.
Florida is renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, winter vegetables, the Kennedy Space Center, as a popular destination for retirees. Florida is the flattest state in the United States. Lake Okeechobee is the largest freshwater lake in the U. S. state of Florida. Florida's close proximity to the ocean influences many aspects of daily life. Florida is a reflection of multiple inheritance. Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Ernest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, continues to attract celebrities and athletes, it is internationally known for golf, auto racing, water sports. Several beaches in Florida have emerald-colored coastal waters. About two-thirds of Florida occupies a peninsula between the Gulf of the Atlantic Ocean. Florida has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States 1,350 miles, not including the contribution of the many barrier islands. Florida has a total of 4,510 islands; this is the second-highest number of islands of any state of the United States.
It is the only state that borders both the Gulf of the Atlantic Ocean. Much of the state is characterized by sedimentary soil. Florida has the lowest high point of any U. S. state. The climate varies from subtropical in the north to tropical in the south; the American alligator, American crocodile, American flamingo, Roseate spoonbill, Florida panther, bottlenose dolphin, manatee can be found in Everglades National Park in the southern part of the state. Along with Hawaii, Florida is one of only two states that has a tropical climate, is the only continental state with either a tropical climate or a coral reef; the Florida Reef is the only living coral barrier reef in the continental United States, the third-largest coral barrier reef system in the world. By the 16th century, the earliest time for which there is a historical record, major Native American groups included the Apalachee of the Florida Panhandle, the Timucua of northern and central Florida, the Ais of the central Atlantic coast, the Tocobaga of the Tampa Bay area, the Calusa of southwest Florida and the Tequesta of the southeastern coast.
Florida was the first region of the continental United States to be visited and settled by Europeans. The earliest known European explorers came with the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León. Ponce de León spotted and landed on the peninsula on April 2, 1513, he named the region Florida. The story that he was searching for the Fountain of Youth is mythical and only appeared long after his death. In May 1539, Conquistador Hernando de Soto skirted the coast of Florida, searching for a deep harbor to land, he described seeing a thick wall of red mangroves spread mile after mile, some reaching as high as 70 feet, with intertwined and elevated roots making landing difficult. The Spanish introduced Christianity, horses, the Castilian language, more to Florida. Spain established several settlements with varying degrees of success. In 1559, Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano established a settlement at present-day Pensacola, making it the first attempted settlement in Florida, but it was abandoned by 1561.
In 1565, the settlement of St. Augustine was established under the leadership of admiral and
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Nassau County, Florida
Nassau County is a county of the U. S. state of Florida. According to the United States Census, the county's population was 82,721 in 2017; the county seat and the largest incorporated city is Fernandina Beach. Nassau County is part of the Jacksonville metropolitan area, home to 1,478,212 people in 2017; the county is situated in Northeast Florida with a land area of 726 square miles. Population growth in the county has increased by over 25,000 residents since the year 2000 as a result of Nassau's proximity to downtown Jacksonville, new housing developments, agricultural production, tourism locations, a diversifying tax base with new industrial and commercial companies moving to the county. Nassau County is a popular choice of residence for military personnel stationed on bases in nearby Duval County and Camden County. Nassau County was created in 1824 from Duval County, it was named for the Duchy of Nassau in Germany. The main environmental and agricultural body is the Nassau County Soil and Water Conservation District, which works with other area agencies.
Nassau County is governed by the five-member Nassau County Board of County Commissioners, who are elected to four-year terms by the voters. The terms are staggered so that either three or two commissioners are up for election every two years; the Nassau County Commissioners consists of the five members below: The Ocean Highway & Port Authority is the independent government agency in Nassau County, that owns and operates the seaport system at the Port of Fernandina. OHPA was founded in 1941 by the Florida Legislature; the Port of Fernandina is used for terminal service for pulp and paper as well as steel exports, auto parts, beverages, building materials and food products. Container lines from the port serve routes to Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Curaçao, Bermuda. OHPA Commissioners Chairman: Adam Salzburg Vice-Chairman: Carrol Franklin Robert Sturgess Danny Fullwood Lissa Braddock Nassau County Sheriff's Office provides services for the citizens of Nassau County; the Office of the Sheriff has a duty to enforce both the Florida Constitution and Florida state laws and statutes, to provide for the security and well being of its citizens.
This is accomplished through the delivery of law enforcement services, the operation of the Nassau County Jail and Detention Center, the provision of court security. The Nassau County Sheriff's Office Headquarters is in Yulee; the Sheriff is Bill Leeper. The Nassau County Courthouse in Fernandina Beach is a historic two-story red brick courthouse built in 1891; the Robert M. Foster Justice Center is in Yulee, it was opened in 2004 to augment the historic Nassau County Courthouse location. This facility cost over $20 million to build. Like much of the south Atlantic region of the United States, Nassau County has a humid subtropical climate, with mild weather during winters and hot and humid weather during summers. Seasonal rainfall is concentrated in the warmest months from May through September, while the driest months are from November through April. Due to Yulee's low latitude and proximity to the coast it allows for little cold weather, winters are mild and sunny. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 726 square miles, of which 649 square miles is land and 77 square miles is water.
The city of Fernandina Beach is on the county's one inhabited island. Fernandina Beach municipality extends across the Intracoastal Waterway along A1A to Yulee. There are 12 distinct topographical zones in Nassau County. Most of these zones run in narrow bands stretching from north to south, although this is less true as one approaches the Atlantic coast. Directly against the western border with Baker County, the topography ranges from flat to elevated. Drainage is poor and the soil is sandy. Moving east, there are some areas of higher ground with much better drainage. East of these areas are some lower places in the south, that are level and have poor drainage. Eastward again, there is a stretch that ranges from a few miles in the extreme northern areas to about 6-8 miles wide in the southern area, including Hilliard and much of County Road 108 and State Road 301; this area again has poor drainage, low-lying land, sandy soil. East of this are scattered areas of sandy land with spotty or poor drainage.
East of this, there is an area including Callahan with sandy soil on top, clay underneath. This section of the county is permeated by small creeks and rivers, which bring with them low, poorly drained soils; this zone extends across the entire county from north to south at a consistent width of about 3-4 miles, except in the north, where it widens to nearly 6 miles across. East of this area is a large band of land with a consistent width of about 8 miles; the land is low and level with poor drainage, it is permeated by small creeks and rivers. In the northern section, this is where some tributaries join the St. Marys River, while in the south a number of tributaries drain into the Nassau River, which flows into the Nassau Sound and the Atlantic Ocean. East of this area is a section of land about 3 miles in width that has sandy soils with bad drainage all around. Further eastward is a large area, including Yulee and O'Neil, about 4 miles in width, with poor drainage and sandy soil at higher elevations, pockmarked by large areas of l
1910 United States Census
The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation; the 1910 census collected the following information: Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. The column titles in the census form are as follows: LOCATION. Street, road, etc. House number. 1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation. 2. Number of family in order of visitation. 3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family. Enter surname first the given name and middle initial, if any. Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910. RELATION. 4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.
PERSONAL DESCRIPTION. 5. Sex. 6. Color or race. 7. Age at last birthday. 8. Whether single, widowed, or divorced. 9. Number of years of present marriage. 10. Mother of how many children: Number born. 11. Mother of how many children: Number now living. NATIVITY. Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country. 12. Place of birth of this Person. 13. Place of birth of Father of this person. 14. Place of birth of Mother of this person. CITIZENSHIP. 15. Year of immigration to the United States. 16. Whether naturalized or alien. 17. Whether able to speak English. OCCUPATION. 18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, laborer, etc. 19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, etc. 20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account. If an employee— 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.
22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909. EDUCATION. 23. Whether able to read. 24. Whether able to write. 25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909. OWNERSHIP OF HOME. 26. Owned or rented. 27. Owned free or mortgaged. 28. Farm or house. 29. Number of farm schedule. 30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy. 31. Whether blind. 32. Whether deaf and dumb. Special Notation In 1912 and 1959, New Mexico, Arizona and Hawaii would become the 47th, 48th, 49th and 50th states admitted to the Union; the 1910 population count for each of these areas was 327,301, 204,354, 64,356 and 191,909 respectively. On this basis, the ranking list above would be modified as follows: First 42 ranked states - positions unchanged New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii, Wyoming and Alaska; the original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s. The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, along which digital indices.
Microdata from the 1910 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1911 U. S Census Report Contains 1910 Census results Historic US Census data census.gov/population/www/censusdata/PopulationofStatesandCountiesoftheUnitedStates1790-1990.pdf
Clay County, Florida
Clay County is a county located in the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 190,895, its county seat is Green Cove Springs. Clay County is included in FL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Clay County was created on December 1858, from a section of Duval County, its name is in honor of Henry Clay, a famous American statesman, member of the United States Senate from Kentucky, United States Secretary of State in the 19th century. Clay County was once a popular destination for tourists visiting from the northern states; the therapeutic, warm springs and mild climate were major draws for visitors. Steamboats brought them to various hotels in Green Cove Springs - the St. Elmo and the Oakland. President Grover Cleveland was the most prominent of such tourists. Clay County's popularity among tourists peaked during the last three decades of the 19th century, it was eclipsed by Henry Flagler's extension of the Florida East Coast Railway to points south such as Palm Beach and Miami.
The military has played an important role in Clay County history. In 1939, Camp Blanding opened on Kingsley Lake in southwest Clay County; the Florida National Guard developed this 28,000 acres complex. During World War II, it trained over 90,000 troops and became the fourth largest "city" in the state. In Green Cove Springs, Lee Field was a flight training center. After World War II, Lee Field became a base for the mothball fleet. Although Lee Field closed in the early 1960s, Camp Blanding continues to operate today as a base for military training. Clay County is a popular choice of residence for military personnel stationed on bases in nearby Duval County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 644 square miles, of which 604 square miles is land and 39 square miles is water. Alachua County, Florida - southwest Duval County, Florida - north St. Johns County, Florida - east Putnam County, Florida - south Bradford County, Florida - west Baker County, Florida - northwest Keystone Heights Airport US 17 US 301 SR 16 SR 21 SR 23 SR 100 As of the census of 2010, there were 190,865 people, 65,356 households, 39,390 families residing in the county.
The majority of Clay County's population is located in the northeastern part where large suburban communities have been built. Orange Park and the surrounding area share the majority of the population. Green Cove Springs area has the lower population spread west and south, along with the small city of Keystone Heights, which lies at the southwestern end of the county. Although the population of Clay County is high, the majority of the county is still rural and consists of many farms and county roads less maintained; the population density was 234 people per square mile. There were 73,208 housing units at an average density of 89 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 81.8% White, 9.9% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 2.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, 2.9% from two or more races. 7.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino, with Puerto Ricans being the majority of the Hispanic population. There were 50,243 households, out of which 39.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.60% were non-families.
16.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.11. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, 9.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $48,854, the median income for a family was $53,814. Males had a median income of $36,683 versus $25,488 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,868. About 5.10% of families and 6.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.90% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over. According to the Florida Times-Union, in October 2004, there were 106,114 registered voters in Clay County. According to the Secretary of State's office, Republicans account for a majority of registered voters in Clay County.
Clay County is one of the most reliably Republican counties in the state during presidential elections outside of the Panhandle, although it does support conservative Democrats for local and state offices. Clay County Historical and Railroad Museum, Green Cove Springs. Middleburg Historical Museum, Middleburg. Black Heritage Museum, Middleburg. Camp Blanding Museum, Camp Blanding; the Clay County School District operates 42 public schools. There are 28 elementary schools, six junior high schools and eight high schools; the Clay County Public Library System consists of five branches: Green Cove Springs Library Headquarters Library Keystone Heights Library Middleburg-Clay Hill Library Orange Park LibraryThe first public library in Clay County was made up of a small collection established by the Village Improvement Association within the county. Other small libraries were established by other organizations within Clay County. In 1961, representatives from different women’s organizations in the county started a movement to establish a library system within the county, resulted in the Clay County Board of County Commissioners
Union County, Florida
Union County is a county in the U. S. state of Florida, the smallest in the state. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,535; the county seat is Lake Butler. With a personal per capita income of $20,396, it is the fourth-poorest county in the United States. Union County was created in 1921 from part of Bradford County, it was named to honor the concept of unity. Union County is the location of the Reception and Medical Center. Union CI is home to part of Florida's Death Row; the death chamber is located at nearby Florida State Prison. Florida State Prison houses some death-row inmates. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 250 square miles, of which 244 square miles is land and 6.2 square miles is water. It is the smallest county by area in Florida. Bradford County, Florida – southeast Alachua County, Florida – south Columbia County, Florida – west Baker County, Florida – north At the 2000 census, there were 13,442 people, 3,367 households and 2,606 families residing in the county.
The population density was 56 per square mile. There were 3,736 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 73.62% White, 22.84% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, 1.50% from two or more races. 3.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 3,367 households, 41.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 15.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.60% were non-families. 19.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.13. The age distribution was 21.80% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 39.80% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, 7.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 183.00 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 215.20 males. This skewed gender distribution is the result of the county's male prison population; the median household income was $34,563, the median family income was $37,516. Males had a median income of $28,571 versus $22,083 for females; the county's per capita income was $12,333. About 10.50% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.60% of those under age 18 and 16.20% of those age 65 or over. The county suffers a death rate of about 1600 per the highest in the nation; the Florida Department of Corrections operates Region II Correctional Facility Office in an unincorporated area in Union County. FDOC maintains the Union Correctional Institution in an unincorporated area in the county. Union Correctional Institution houses one of two death rows for men in Florida. About a third of the county's population is imprisoned, compared to a statewide figure of one-half percent; the Union Juvenile Residential Facility of the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice is in an unincorporated area in Union County.
Union County School District serves the county. The Union County Public Library serves the county; the branch is at 250 SE 5th Avenue, Lake Butler, Florida 32054. Its director is Mary C. Brown; the branch is open Monday, Wednesday–Friday 9 am–6 pm, Tuesday 9 am–8 pm, Saturday 9 am–3 pm. Lake Butler Raiford Worthington Springs National Register of Historic Places listings in Union County, Florida Union County Times newspaper that serves Union County, Florida available in full-text with images in Florida Digital Newspaper Library Union County Public Library - Website for Union County's library with links to government services and the tri-county area's library catalog. Lake Butler Community Page a non-official'Community Page' created by a local resident to help share information about events and more occurring in the Union County/Lake Butler area. Union County Board of County Commissioners Union County Supervisor of Elections Union County Property Appraiser Union County Sheriff's Office Union County Tax Collector Union County School Board Suwannee River Water Management District Union County Clerk of Courts Office of the State Attorney, 8th Judicial Circuit of Florida serving Alachua, Bradford, Gilchrist and Union Counties Circuit and County Court for the 8th Judicial Circuit of Florida