Purcellville is a town in Loudoun County, United States. The population was 9,232 according to the United States Census 2015 Population Estimate. Purcellville is the major population center for the Loudoun Valley. Today, many of the older structures remaining in Purcellville reflect the Victorian architecture popular during the early 20th century. Patrick Henry College is located in the town. Although the first land grant in the area was issued by Lord Fairfax in 1740, it was not until 1764 that Purcellville's first known settler, James Dillon from Bucks County, arrived; the early ox cart track which wound westward from Leesburg towards the Blue Ridge, known as the "Great Road," served as the town's nucleus, although farms existed in the area, Ketoctin Baptist Church had been founded nearby by 1752. The first recorded business, an ordinary, was established by Abraham Vickers in 1799; this was followed by a second ordinary, established by Stacey Taylor in 1804, by "Purcel's Store" and Post Office, established by Valentine Vernon Purcell.
A blacksmith's shop, established around 1848, was among Purcellville's earliest businesses. On July 9, 1853 the village adopted the name Purcellville The Great Road became an authorized turnpike in 1785 and extended the turnpike system westward from Alexandria to Snickers Gap, beyond to Berryville and Winchester. With the construction of this Turnpike in 1832, travel through Purcellville began to increase and the first stagecoach arrived in 1841. A railroad link on the Alexandria and Hampshire line connecting the town to Leesburg and points east was built prior to the Civil War, travel to points further west were continued by stagecoach through Purcellville. Although both Union and Confederate armies passed through Purcellville during the Civil War, the town witnessed limited fighting with the most notable action occurring at the skirmish of Heaton's Crossroads; the town and surrounding area were contained within the area known as Mosby's Confederacy, the main area of operations for Confederate partisan John S. Mosby, the town was pillaged as part of The Burning Raid of 1864 in retribution for the area's support of Mosby's command.
When the railroad was extended to Purcellville in 1874, the town took Leesburg's place as the beginning of the stage route until the railroad was extended to Round Hill in 1875. The Southern Railway constructed the still-existing Purcellville Train Station in 1891; the railroad ceased operation in 1968. Its right-of-way serves as the Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Regional Park, which has its western terminus at the station; the first public school was built in 1883. On March 14, 1908 the town was incorporated by an act of Virginia's General Assembly. In the 20th century, a series of disastrous fires, the first in 1900 and two more in 1914 wiped out the business district, depriving the town of what remained of its earliest architectural heritage; the town's prominent location in the center of the Loudoun Valley and presence of the railroad helped the town to become the major agricultural center of Western Loudoun and led to redevelopment and expansion of the business district in the early and mid 20th century.
In the latter 20th century, widening of Virginia State Route 7 has led to increased suburban development in and around the town and Purcellville's traditional dependence upon agriculture as its primary source of income has since diminished as more and more residents are employed outside of the community. In addition to the Purcellville Train Station, Locust Grove, the Purcellville Historic District, Rich Bottom Farm, The Tabernacle-Fireman's Field are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Purcellville is located at 39°8′4″N 77°42′40″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.1 square miles, all of it land. Purcellville lies in western Loudoun County, Virginia, in the heart of the Loudoun Valley 9 miles west of the County Seat of Leesburg, Virginia. Just to the west are the Blue Ridge Mountains and the town Round Hill, 4 miles away. Philomont is 5 miles south, Middleburg, Virginia is 12 miles to the southeast. Lovettsville is 11 miles to the north.
Purcellville is governed by a town council with a mayor. Three of the seats, the mayor's seat, go before the voters every two years; as of 2018, the Purcellville Town Council is composed of Mayor Kwasi Fraser, Vice Mayor Ryan Cool, Council members Chris Bledsoe, Nedim Ogelman, Ted Greenly, Tip Stinnette, Joel Grewe. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,584 people, 1,253 households, 956 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,512.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,292 housing units at an average density of 545.1 per square mile The racial makeup of the town was 88.92% White, 7.45% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.78% from other races, 1.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.29% of the population. There were 1,253 households out of which 45.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.7% were non-families.
20.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.28. In the town, the populat
Virginia State Route 267
State Route 267 is a primary state highway in the US state of Virginia. It consists of two end-to-end toll roads – the Dulles Toll Road and Dulles Greenway – as well as the Dulles Access Road, which lies in the median of Dulles Toll Road and extends east to Falls Church; the combined roadway provides a toll road for commuting and a free road for access to Washington Dulles International Airport. The three sections are operated and maintained by separate agencies: Dulles Toll Road and Dulles Access Road are maintained by the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority; the Dulles Access Road's median hosts the Silver Line of the Washington Metro for much of the length between Reston and Falls Church. The Dulles Access Road is a four-lane, 13.65-mile highway that runs "inside" the Dulles Toll Road along its median. There are no general-access exits from the westbound lanes, no general-access entrances to the eastbound lanes, with the exception of gated slip ramps to and from the toll road that buses and emergency vehicles can use.
The Access Road was built from the Beltway as part of the construction of Dulles Airport, opened with the airport in 1962. It was extended to I-66 in 1985; until 2006, the Dulles Access Road was operated by the Virginia Department of Transportation under contract with the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority, the owner of the land under both the Access Road and the Dulles Toll Road, has the unsigned designation of State Route 90004. The Dulles Airport Access Road can be used only for travel to and from Dulles Airport and other businesses on the airport grounds. Although it is illegal to use the Access Road without conducting such "airport business", some commuters evade the toll and the traffic on the Toll Road by taking the Access Road to the airport "backtracking" to their exit. For a couple of years prior to the opening of the Dulles Toll Road, VDOT issued special stickers allowing commuters to backtrack along the access highway, but these were discontinued when the toll road opened.
Since the opening of the Dulles Toll Road, the only major modification to the Access Road has been the construction of the Silver Line inside the median, the construction of a flyover exit ramp from the eastbound Access Road to State Route 7. This ramp bypasses congestion associated with the main toll plaza, where traffic from Dulles Airport attempts to exit at Route 7; the Dulles Toll Road is an eight-lane, 16.15-mile toll road that runs "outside" the Dulles Access Road. In response to the development along the Dulles Access Road and the number of motorists who "backtracked" through the airport to commute to outer suburbs, the Virginia Department of Transportation determined a need for a limited access highway to serve points along the Access Road without subjecting airport traffic to congestion, it was built in 1984 by the Virginia Department of Transportation as a toll highway, because conventional funding was not available. The toll road begins just inside the Capital Beltway near West Falls Church at a connector to Interstate 66 to Washington, D.
C. travels westward through Fairfax County past Dulles, terminates at the entrance to the Dulles Greenway, a owned toll road. The road is named the Omer L. Hirst – Adelard L. Brault Expressway, in honor of two Virginia state legislators. However, the road is referred to by that name; the speed limit is 55 miles per hour, the original construction had two lanes in each direction. A third lane was built to serve HOV traffic in 1992. For a short period between the end of construction and the start of HOV limits, drivers of single passenger vehicles used the lane and contacted government officials opposing the HOV policy. In response, Congress passed special legislation prohibiting the imposition of HOV restrictions on the route; as a compromise to resolve the situation, Virginia decided to lift the HOV restriction and to construct a fourth lane in each direction to serve HOV traffic. However, unlike the third lane, officials did not allow non-HOV use at the end of construction in 1998, avoided a repeat of the controversy.
As a practical matter, the right of way could not fit any additional lanes other than the current six in each direction. However, Rep. Frank Wolf again threatened to pass federal legislation prohibiting the fourth lane to be limited to HOV traffic. In 2005, five companies submitted proposals to VDOT to privatize the toll road which included payments to Virginia that could be used for transportation. In response MWAA made its own proposal to take over operation of the toll road from VDOT, assuming associated debts, commit to building a rapid transit line in the median. VDOT agreed and, on March 27, 2006, MWAA took over from Virginia the operation of the Dulles Toll Road, including the outstanding debt and the obligation to construct the Silver Line in the median strip of the toll road. From the Beltway, motorists exiting onto SR 267 toward Dulles Airport must choose between lanes marked Airport Traffic Only and To All Local Exits. Eastbound traffic is routed differently. Access Road traffic to State Route 7 gets a separate exit ramp from t
Loudoun Valley Estates, Virginia
Loudoun Valley Estates is a census-designated place in Loudoun County, Virginia. The population as of the 2010 United States Census was 3,656, it is a Toll Brothers community located near the planned Ashburn metro station complex and Moorefield Station town center in Ashburn, VA
Sterling, Virginia is a census-designated place in Loudoun County, Virginia. The population as of the 2010 United States Census was 27,822, it is located northwest of Herndon, east of Ashburn, west of Great Falls, includes part of Washington Dulles International Airport and the former AOL corporate headquarters. Sterling is home to the National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office LWX, as well as the Sterling Field Support Center, the National Weather Service test and evaluation center for weather instruments. In the beginning of 1962, large farms made up the 1,762 acres of. Route 7 known as Leesburg Pike, bordered what used to be Jesse Hughes's dairy farm. Hughes arrived in Loudoun County in the early 20th century and was a longtime head of the county's Democrats. Fred Franklin Tavenner, somewhat related to Benjamin Franklin, operated vast stretches of Sterling Farm at the southwest fringes of Sterling Park. Tavenner had purchased land from Albert Shaw, Jr. who had inherited it from his father Albert B.
Shaw and publisher of the American Review of Reviews. One of Shaw's spreads, totaling 1,640 acres, was called "The Experimental Farm" because it was one of the first area farms to receive a U. S. grant for applying "scientific methods". According to Tavenner, refugees from the Soviet Union ran the farm while Shaw remained in New York City. Dulles International Airport and the extension of water and sewer lines to the airport began to change the landscape when construction started in 1959. Land prices rose from an average $125 per acre to $500 per acre. During the same year, Marvin T. Broyhill, Jr. and his father made plans to develop land in the airport area under the company M. T. Broyhill & Sons Corporation. In late 1961, they decided to buy and incorporated Sterling Park Development Corporation with his son Marvin T. Broyhill, a cousin, Thomas J. Broyhill, as vice president. Between April 28, December 29, 1961 of that year, they purchased 1,762 acres in 14 parcels for $2,115,784. For the 226-acre Hughes farm along Route 7, they paid $1,700 per acre.
M. T. Broyhill & Sons Corporation learned where the right-of-way for Route 28 would be, hoped to develop Sterling Park on both sides of it, so they would not have to build a road through Sterling Park. However, Powell B. Harrison, instrumental in planning Route 28, insisted that road be kept free of development, for easy access to the airport. Therefore, the Broyhills developed Sterling Park east of Route 28, had to build their own through road, today's Sterling Boulevard. Marvin Broyhill, Jr.'s marketing thoughts were to "put together a prefabricated home marketed by U. S. Steel and sell it for about $17,000 3,000 less than a comparable Fairfax County home... All homes to have air‑conditioning. Homeowners to have access without membership fees to golf and tennis courts and pools." Air conditioning was uncommon in homes of that price range at the time. Broyhill's ideas, except for free golf, are realities today; as selling points, Loudoun's taxes were less than half of Fairfax's taxes. The railroad tracks were the southern boundary of the present Sterling Park.
Sterling Park residents had to be of the "Caucasian race." No board member or speaker before the board raised an objection to the clause, a common one in the United States before the 1960s, when discriminatory housing was outlawed by the Fair Housing Act, enacted as a follow-up to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. No African American family moved into Sterling Park until August 1966, when the illegality of the clause became apparent. By the population of "The Park", as it had come to be known, reached 5,000; the Broad Run Bridge and Tollhouse, Vestal's Gap Road and Lanesville Historic District, Arcola Elementary School are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the USGS, Sterling has an average elevation of 289 feet above sea level; the USGS has assigned Sterling the geographical coordinates:. Sterling borders the Potomac River. Broad Run Farms is a residential area north of Virginia State Route 7 and 28, founded in 1952, it shares the ZIP code of 20165 and calls itself, Sterling, or Potomac Falls.
As an area much older than the surrounding recent growth, it has features unique to the region, including large lots wooded old-growth trees, a wide variety of housing and a voluntary civic association. The Potomac River forms its northern border, Broad Run its southern. A U. S. Senate lawyer bought the Miskel farm in 1950 and subdivided it, founding Broad Run Farms; the community banded together in 1995 with state and county help to finance and install its own sewer service in part through an added property tax. The lien was paid off several years early, the tax has been retired. Cascades is a 2,500-acre planned community within the 20165 ZIP code; the area is located in the northeastern-most part of Loudoun County, between the Fairfax County line to the east, the Potomac River to the North, Algonkian Parkway to the south. Located just north of Route 7, along the Algonkian Parkway 6500 homes comprise the community. CountrySide is a housing development in Sterling, bounded by the Potomac River to the north and by Route 7 (
Hillsboro, Loudoun County, Virginia
Hillsboro is a rural town in Loudoun County, United States. The population was 96 at the 2000 census. Hillsboro is located at 39°11′54″N 77°43′28″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.1 square miles, all of it land. Virginia State Route 9 is the only primary highway passing through Hillsboro. SR 9 extends northwest to Charles Town and Martinsburg connecting with Interstate 81. To the southeast, SR 9 connects with Virginia State Route 7, which continues southeastward to Leesburg and Alexandria. Between Leesburg and Alexandria, SR 7 interchanges with Interstate 495, Interstate 66, Interstate 395; as of the census of 2000, there were 96 people, 39 households, 28 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,017.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 41 housing units at an average density of 434.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 96.88% White, 3.12% African American. There were 39 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.1% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.2% were non-families.
20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.75. In the town, the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 30.2% from 45 to 64, 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males. The median income for a household in the town was $54,375, the median income for a family was $71,875. Males had a median income of $60,833 versus $27,250 for females; the per capita income for the town was $44,455. There were 11.1% of families and 10.0% of the population living below the poverty line, including 25.0% of under eighteens and none of those over 64. Hillsboro spelled Hillsborough, lies in the Hillsboro Gap of the Short Hill Mountain, part of the Blue Ridge Mountains in northwestern Virginia.
The town is about 55 miles northwest of downtown Washington, D. C. and 10 miles southeast of West Virginia. Early settlement in this area was stimulated by the growth of population in Pennsylvania of Germans and Quakers seeking religious freedom. Looking south for new, fertile lands to farm, many Quaker families migrated to the Loudoun area and had a significant impact on its development; the first record of settlement in the Hillsboro area, when referred to as the Gap, is dated 1746. Records of twice monthly meetings of the Gap Quakers, held in one of the houses, date to 1755."Although there were mills and houses in the Gap in the late 1700s, the town of Hillsboro was not formally established until December 31, 1802 by an act passed by the Virginia General Assembly. The trustees of Hillsboro named in the act were Mahlon Hough, Samuel Purcell, Jr. Thomas Leslie, Josiah White, Jr. Edward Cunard, Mahlon Roach, Thomas D. Stevens. By June 20, 1811, when Henry Griffin bought lot No. 12 on the town plat at auction for $88.50 paid to the trustees, he was required to build "a House thereon Twelve feet Square or equal thereto with a Stone or Brick Chimney to the same and a Shingle Roof on it within Four years of the Day of the Sale of the said lott."
Due to its favorable location on the Vestal's Gap Road, the town grew and in the early 1800s was one of the leading trade centers of western Loudoun, along with Snickerville and Woodgrove, which has since disappeared. Much of Hillsboro's activity was due to its mills, with as many as five operating at one time, all on Catoctin Creek or its nearby branches." During this period there were three or four doctors in town, five or six general stores, a large tanyard and cooper shop, two shoemakers and three taverns. Two blacksmiths, two saddle and harness makers, two wagon makers and a livery stable tended to the needs found in the horsepowered era. Seamstresses and tailors made clothes from the yarn goods produced by the Gaver woolen mill; however the newly constructed railroads and turnpikes bypassed Hillsboro, drawing trade and commerce away from the town. The Civil War events, including the Burning Raid of 1864, devastated the area. During the post-Civil War period, Hillsboro began its transformation from a busy commercial center to a residential community.
Homes housing taverns and stores became residences. With the turn of the 20th century all of the existing structures within the town had been built and little has been altered in the majority of the structures since then; until 2000 there were no street addresses for the buildings in town. A central feature of the town is its affectionately named "Old Stone School." Named Locust Grove Academy, the oldest part of the building, the east wing, was built in 1874. The Academy's first principal was Mrs. J. B. White; the Old Stone School, as it is referred to now, is situated astride the eastern entrance to the town on Route 9. The stone structure was completed in 1917 with the addition of more rooms on the west side. A junior high school was established there in 1918, operated for 17 years, until 1935; the brick auditorium was added in 1929. Classes for Grades One through Seven were taught there until the spring of 1966, when Hillsboro Elementary opened; the school was the hub of the community in the early 190
CountrySide is a census-designated place in Loudoun County, United States. The population as of the 2010 census was 10,072. CountrySide is located about 30 miles northwest of Washington and is bounded by the Potomac River to the north, by Route 7 to the south. Located in eastern Loudoun County, it is about 9 miles from Washington Dulles International Airport; the CountrySide subdivision was conceived in the middle 1970s when a tract of 1,000 acres of open farmland was subdivided in preparation for a planned housing development. Construction on homes began in 1981 and continued through 1991. Today, CountrySide covers about 3.75 square miles and consists of 2,539 homes, which includes 1,269 single-family homes, 1,168 town homes, 102 Condominium units. Its population in 1990 was 8,349 residents, the average household income is $118,500. Homes in CountrySide have a 20165 ZIP code; the majority of the homes in CountrySide were built by the homebuilder Pulte Homes, are of the colonial architectural style.
Most of the single-family homes have a basement. CountrySide is governed by the community's homeowners association; the community contains an extensive network of paved paths that wind through the wooded neighborhoods. It contains three swimming pools. A network of smaller hiking trails branch off the main trail and are used for hiking, mountain biking, nature-watching and jogging; some of the trails were developed by Eagle Scouts, others by hikers. Planned integration with the Potomac Heritage Trail is in dispute despite the PHT's federally granted easement. CountrySide students attend CountrySide Elementary School, Algonkian Elementary School, River Bend Middle School, Potomac Falls High School. CountrySide Elementary School Algonkian Elementary School River Bend Middle School Potomac Falls High School CountrySide Proprietary web site The History of CountrySide
Cascades is a census-designated place in Loudoun County, Virginia. The population as of the 2010 United States Census was 11,912. Along with nearby Countryside and Lowes Island, it is considered one of the three main components of the Potomac Falls community within Sterling, Virginia. Cascades is a planned community of 2,500 acres with 6,500 homes; the corresponding homeowners association was incorporated on 8 November 1990. Like nearby Sterling Park, prior to the establishment of the Cascades community in 1990 the area was made up of a few large farms; the homeowners association maintains five community centers, five swimming pools, 15 tennis courts, other amenities including extensive paved walking trails. The Lowes Island at Cascades community is an advertised portion of the legal subdivision of Cascades, but is not a legal subdivision itself; the Lowes Island community is centered on Trump National Golf Club Lowes Island Country Club. Cascades is bordered on the north by Algonkian Regional Park.
The commercial core of Cascades is Cascades Marketplace, a 318,000 square foot retail center adjacent to the Cascades Public Library and near the Loudoun campus of Northern Virginia Community College. Great Falls Plaza is a second, smaller retail center located just outside Lowes Island. Area public schools include Potomac Falls High School, River Bend Middle School, Potowmack Elementary School, Horizon Elementary School, Lowes Island Elementary School; the Cascades area encompasses the gated campus of the Falcons Landing retirement community for retired U. S. military officers. Cascades is served by Loudoun County Sheriff's Office, the Sterling Volunteer Fire Department, the Potomac Falls post office; as noted above, the northern border of Cascades is bounded by Potomack Lakes Sportsplex and Algonkian Regional Park. The neighboring communities are: To the east, Sugarland Run and Great Falls To the west, Countryside To the south, across Route 7, Dulles Town Center and the remainder of Sterling including Sterling Park