Lewis County, West Virginia
Lewis County is a county in the U. S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,372, its county seat is Weston. The county was formed in 1816 from Harrison County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 390 square miles, of which 385 square miles is land and 4.8 square miles is water. Interstate 79 U. S. Highway 19 U. S. Highway 48 U. S. Highway 33/U. S. Highway 119 West Virginia Route 4 Harrison County Upshur County Webster County Braxton County Gilmer County Doddridge County As of the census of 2000, there were 16,919 people, 6,946 households, 4,806 families residing in the county; the population density was 44 people per square mile. There were 7,944 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.59% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.08% from other races, 0.70% from two or more races. 0.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 6,946 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 10.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.80% were non-families.
26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.88. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.10% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 25.90% from 45 to 64, 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,066, the median income for a family was $32,431. Males had a median income of $27,906 versus $18,733 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,933. 19.90% of the population and 16.30% of families were below the poverty line. 27.00% of those under the age of 18 and 11.20% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,372 people, 6,863 households, 4,570 families residing in the county.
The population density was 42.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,958 housing units at an average density of 20.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.9% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% from other races, 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.5% were American, 15.0% were German, 9.9% were Irish, 7.2% were English. Of the 6,863 households, 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.4% were non-families, 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 43.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $33,293 and the median income for a family was $42,281. Males had a median income of $31,950 versus $25,945 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,240.
About 13.6% of families and 19.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.3% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over. Weston Jane Lew National Register of Historic Places listings in Lewis County, West Virginia Stonewall Jackson Lake Stonewall Resort State Park Lewis County Schools
Interstate 79 is an Interstate Highway in the eastern United States, designated from Interstate 77 in Charleston, West Virginia to Pennsylvania Route 5 and Pennsylvania Route 290 in Erie, Pennsylvania. It is a primary thoroughfare through western Pennsylvania and West Virginia, makes up part of an important corridor to Buffalo, New York, the border with Canada. Major metropolitan areas connected by I-79 include Charleston and Morgantown in West Virginia, Pittsburgh, Erie in Pennsylvania. In West Virginia, Interstate 79 is known as the Jennings Randolph Expressway, named for Jennings Randolph. In the three most northern counties it is signed as part of the High Tech Corridor. For most of its Pennsylvania stretch, it is known as the Raymond P. Shafer Highway, named for Raymond P. Shafer. Except at its northern end, I-79 is located on the Allegheny Plateau. Despite the somewhat rugged terrain, the road is flat. Most of the highway is at an elevation of about 1,000 to 1,200 feet above sea level, with some lower areas near both ends and higher areas near Sutton, West Virginia.
In the hillier areas, this flatness is achieved by curving around hills, along ridges, in or partway up river valleys. From Sutton, West Virginia north, Interstate 79 parallels the path of U. S. Route 19. I-79 begins at a three-way directional Y interchange with Interstate 77 along the northwest bank of the Elk River just northeast of Charleston. For its first 67 miles, to a point just south of Flatwoods, I-79 is located in the watershed of the Elk River, which drains into the Kanawha River, it crosses the Elk River twice — at Frametown and Sutton - and never strays more than about 15 to 20 miles from it. I-79 enters Pennsylvania after leaving West Virginia University in Morgantown, WV. South of Washington, PA, I-79 traverses the rural Greene County area. Between mile markers 34 and 38, I-79 is multiplexed with I-70 in the Washington, PA area before heading north towards Pittsburgh; the freeway into Pittsburgh requires drivers to use I-376 while I-79 bypasses the city. Beyond the Pittsburgh area, I-79 traverses more rural areas in Butler, Mercer and Erie counties before arriving at its termination point in Erie.
In Erie, I-90 provides an important connection from I-79 to Buffalo, New York and the border with Canada. Around the 100 mile marker on the northbound side are two ghost ramps that were built for the Boy Scouts of America in order to have access to Moraine State Park without having to get on U. S. Route 422 for the 1977 National Scout Jamborees, which were held at Moraine; the ramps were permanently closed after the 1977 event, but remain in place as of 2017. I-79 was re-built in the Pittsburgh area in the early 1990s; the Pennsylvania General Assembly authorized the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission to build two extensions in the 1950s. The Northwestern Extension, authorized in 1953, was to stretch from the main Pennsylvania Turnpike north to Erie, would have included a lateral connection between Ohio and New York; the Southwestern Extension, authorized in 1955, was to run south from the main line near Pittsburgh to West Virginia, connecting there with an extension of the West Virginia Turnpike.
Except for the section between Washington and the Pittsburgh area, included as part of Interstate 70, the first portion of I-79 to be added to the plans was north from Pittsburgh to Erie, along the U. S. Route 19 corridor. In September 1955, two short urban portions were designated: I-179: A spur from I-90 north to Erie absorbed into I-79 I-279: A western bypass of Pittsburgh, connecting I-70 with I-80S; this extension paralleled US 19 to near Sutton, where it turned westerly to reach Charleston. On December 21, 1967, the first section of I-79 in West Virginia, between Exits 125 and 132, opened to traffic; this five-mile section bypassed part of WV 73 between Fairmont. Another five miles opened in July 1968, extending the highway on a bypass of downtown Fairmont to Exit 137, it was further extended 9.5 miles towards Morgantown on October 15, 1970, bypassing more of WV 73 to Exit 146 south of that city. On June 29, 1970 the swap of I-79 and I-279 was approved. At the same time, I-76 was extended west from downtown Pittsburgh over former I-79 to the new location of I-79 west of Pittsburgh, so I-279 only ran north from downtown Pittsburgh.
On December 3, 1971, I-76 was rerouted to bypass Pittsburgh, I-279 was extended to I-79 utilizing the former section of I-76. The changes took effect on October 2, 1972. On June 29, 1973, I-79 was extended from West Virginia Exit 146 to Exit 148, where at one point, traffic was forced onto the newly opened west end of Corridor E to Exit 1. A further extension of six miles, including the Uffington Bridge over the Monongahela River southwest of Morgantown, was opened on August 30, 1973, leading north to Exit 155; this completed I-79 from north of Bridgeport to north of Morgantown. To the south of Bridgeport, the first two sections were both opened on December 22, 1971. One of these ran ten miles from Exit 51 to Exit 62, the other from Exit 105 to Exit 115. On September 19, 1973, another 7.5-mile stretch was
Clay County, West Virginia
Clay County is a county in the U. S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,386, its county seat is Clay. The county was founded in 1858 and named in honor of Henry Clay, famous American statesman, member of the United States Senate from Kentucky and United States Secretary of State in the 19th century. Clay County is part of WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 344 square miles, of which 342 square miles is land and 1.9 square miles is water. Interstate 79 West Virginia Route 4 West Virginia Route 16 West Virginia Route 36 Calhoun County Braxton County Nicholas County Kanawha County Roane County As of the census of 2000, there were 10,330 people, 4,020 households, 2,942 families residing in the county; the population density was 30 people per square mile. There were 4,836 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.22% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.02% Asian, 0.09% from other races, 0.89% from two or more races.
0.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,020 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.80% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $22,120, the median income for a family was $27,137. Males had a median income of $30,161 versus $16,642 for females; the per capita income for the county was $12,021.
About 24.40% of families and 27.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.00% of those under age 18 and 15.00% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,386 people, 3,728 households, 2,566 families residing in the county; the population density was 27.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,572 housing units at an average density of 13.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.8% white, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% from other races, 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.6% were Irish, 14.7% were English, 13.2% were German, 11.0% were American, 5.0% were Dutch. Of the 3,728 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.2% were non-families, 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age was 41.5 years. The median income for a household in the county was $30,789 and the median income for a family was $40,634. Males had a median income of $42,269 versus $24,402 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,205. About 22.4% of families and 23.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.3% of those under age 18 and 21.1% of those age 65 or over. Clay County was reliably Democratic, but it has shifted Republican in recent years. In the motion picture The Silence of the Lambs, the victim was found in the Elk River in Clay County. Clay County is the birthplace of the Golden Delicious Apple; the original tree was found on the Mullins' family farm in Clay County, West Virginia, United States and was locally known as Mullin's Yellow Seedling and Annit apple. National Register of Historic Places listings in Clay County, West Virginia Clay County Schools WVGenWeb Clay County
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
West Virginia Route 15
West Virginia Route 15 is an east–west state highway in the central portion of the U. S. state of West Virginia. The western terminus of the route is at West Virginia Route 4 northeast of Braxton County; the eastern terminus is at U. S. Route 219 and West Virginia Route 55 in Valley Head, Randolph County
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c