Brazil–Mozambique relations

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Brazil-Mozambique relations
Map indicating locations of Brazil and Mozambique

Brazil

Mozambique

Brazil–Mozambique relations refers to the diplomatic relations between Brazil and Mozambique. Both nations are members of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.

History[edit]

Both Brazil and Mozambique were united for three hundred years as part of the Portuguese Empire. As part of the Portuguese Empire, Brazil received thousands of Mozambicans who arrived to the country as slaves.[1][2] From 1815-1822, Mozambique was administered by Brazil during the Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil.

From September 1964 - September 1974, Mozambique was at war with Portugal during its war of independence. In December 1973, Brazil voted in favor of the United Nations Resolution 3117 on the elimination of colonialism in Southern Africa.[3][2] On 25 June 1975, Mozambique obtained its independence. On 15 November 1975, Brazil recognized and established diplomatic relations with Mozambique.[4][5]

In March 1976, Brazil opened an embassy in the Mozambican capital of Maputo and in January 1998, Mozambique reciprocated the gesture by opening an embassy in Brasília.[5] In 2000, Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso paid an official visit to Mozambique and attended the 3rd summit of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries being held in the Mozambican capital.[4] In 2001, Mozambican President Joaquim Chissano paid an official visit to Brazil. Since then, there have been several high level visits between leaders of both nations.

State visits[edit]

Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva meeting with Mozambican President Joaquim Chissano in Brasília, 2004

Presidential visits from Brazil to Mozambique[4][5]

Presidential and Prime Ministerial visits from Mozambique to Brazil[4][5]

Bilateral relations[edit]

Brazil and Mozambique have signed several bilateral agreements such as agreements on cooperation in health, education, social policies and public security (2001).[5] In 2004, Brazil agreed to forgive 95% of Mozambique's debt to Brazil totaling $280 million USD.[4] In 2010, both nations signed agreements on air service cooperation and for mutual recognition of driver's license.[5] In 2015, both nations signed an agreement on cooperation and investment facilitation.[6] Mozambique is the largest recipient of Brazilian aid from the national aid agency Agência Brasileira de Cooperação.[7][8]

Trade and Investment[edit]

In 2014, trade between Brazil and Mozambique totaled $74 million USD.[8] In 2010, Brazil opened an anti-retroviral medicine plant in Mozambique.[9] In 2016, Brazilian investments in Mozambique reached $10 billion USD, mainly in the mining, construction and agriculture industries.[10] Brazilian multinational companies such as Andrade Gutierrez, Odebrecht, Petrobras and Vale operate in Mozambique.[11]

Resident diplomatic missions[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]