The International Basketball Federation, more known as FIBA, from its French name Fédération internationale de basket-ball, is an association of national organizations which governs the sport of basketball worldwide. Known as the Fédération internationale de basket-ball amateur, in 1989 it dropped the word amateur from its name but retained the acronym. FIBA defines the rules of basketball, specifies the equipment and facilities required, organises international competitions, regulates the transfer of athletes across countries, controls the appointment of international referees. A total of 213 national federations are now members, organized since 1989 into five zones: Africa, Asia and Oceania; the FIBA Basketball World Cup is a world tournament for men's national teams held every four years. Teams compete for the Naismith Trophy, named in honor of basketball's Canadian creator James Naismith; the tournament structure is similar but not identical to that of the FIFA World Cup in football. A parallel event for women's teams, the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, is held quadrennially.
The women's tournament will continue to be held in the same year as the FIFA World Cup. In 2009 FIBA announced three new tournaments: two 12-team U-17 World Championships to be played in July 2010, an eight-team FIBA World Club Championship to be launched in October 2010. However, the FIBA World Club Championship did not materialize. In its place, FIBA instead relaunched its original world club championship for men, the FIBA Intercontinental Cup, in 2013; the newest global FIBA tournaments for national teams are in the three-player half-court variation, 3x3. The FIBA 3x3 U-18 World Championships were inaugurated in 2011, the FIBA 3x3 World Championships for senior teams followed a year later. All events included separate tournaments for men's, women's, mixed teams, but mixed championships are no longer contested; the U-18 championships, held annually, feature 32 teams in each individual tournament. The senior championships have 24 teams in each individual tournament, are held in even-numbered years.
The association was founded in Geneva in 1932, two years after the sport was recognized by the IOC. Its original name was Fédération internationale de basket-ball amateur. Eight nations were founding members: Argentina, Greece, Latvia, Portugal and Switzerland. During the 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin, the Federation named James Naismith, the founder of basketball, as its Honorary President. FIBA has organized a World Championship, now known as World Cup, for men since 1950 and a Women's World Championship, now known as the Women's World Cup, since 1953. From 1986 through 2014, both events were held every four years; as noted above, the men's World Cup will be moved to a new four-year cycle, with tournaments in the year before the Summer Olympics, after 2014. The Federation headquarters moved to Munich in 1956 returned to Geneva in 2002. In 1991, it founded the FIBA Hall of Fame. During its 81st anniversary in 2013, FIBA moved into its new headquarters, "The House of Basketball", at Mies.
Andreas Zagklis is the current Secretary General of FIBA. The Youth Olympic Games are an U-19 event, played in FIBA 3x3 format. FIBA Oceania no longer conducts senior-level championships for either sex. Since 2017, that region's members have competed for FIBA Asia senior championships. FIBA Oceania continues to hold age-grade championships. #1 men's team: United States #1 women's team: United States #1 boys' team: United States #1 girls' team: United States #1 combined ranking: United States Beijing Enterprises Group Company Limited Molten Tencent Wanda Group Nike, Inc. TCL Corporation Tissot Official website History of amateur and professional basketball in Canada at Frozen Hoops InterBasket – International Basketball News and Forum, covering FIBA, Euroleague, NBA FIBA at the Wayback Machine
FIBA Africa is a zone within the FIBA basketball association which contains all 54 national African FIBA federations. It was founded in 1961. FIBA Africa maintains offices in Abidjan. AfroBasket AfroBasket Women FIBA Africa Nations League Youth championships FIBA Africa Under-18 Championship FIBA Africa Under-18 Championship for Women FIBA Africa Under-16 Championship FIBA Africa Under-16 Championship for Women Africa Basketball League FIBA Africa Women's Clubs Champions Cup Former competitons African Basketball Cup Winners' Cup Sport in Africa Basketball in Africa Official Web Site FIBA Africa Africabasket Listings of FIBA member federations at International Basketball
Brazil national basketball team
The Brazil national basketball team is governed by the Brazilian Basketball Confederation, abbreviated as CBB. They have been a member of the International Federation of Basketball, since 1935. Brazil's national basketball team remains among the most successful in the Americas, it is the only team besides the United States, that has appeared at every FIBA Basketball World Cup, since it was first held in 1950. Throughout its history, the Brazilian national team has won two FIBA World Cup gold medals, three Summer Olympic Games bronze medals, four FIBA AmeriCup gold medals, six Pan American Games gold medals. Basketball was introduced to Brazil by Professor Augusto Shaw in 1896. In 1912, he began organizing the first state tournament and in 1922 the first national team made its debut at games against Argentina and Uruguay; as in the case of football, South America was ahead of the rest of the world and in 1930 held the first edition of the FIBA South American Championship. In that decade, Brazilian basketball was supported by professional football clubs, to include it as a new sports section, although amateur in nature.
These clubs became professional and supported the national team with world-class players. In the following years, Brazil became a regular at major international competitions, its basketball squad participated in the first official basketball tournament at the Summer Olympics 1936 in Berlin. In 1939, the first continental championship was held in Rio de Janeiro. In the 40s, basketball left the elitist stigma; the sport received the ultimate accolade at the 1948 Olympic Games in London. There, against all odds, the team directed by Moacyr Daiuto managed to achieve the bronze medal; the team recorded six straight wins. In the bronze medal match, Brazil beat Mexico, they managed to feature ten amateur players. The pre-Olympic Brazil concentration was poor in resources. After its time-consuming journey to London, the team was astonishment when they saw how the U. S. team practiced: each player with a ball. Brazil only had two for the whole team. One of the fundamental pillars of Brazilian basketball was the boldness of its coaches.
The "father" of them all is Togo Renan Soares, "Kanela". Working in the shadow of the giant football, Kanela understood that basketball would add more followers if it could only offer new emotions, he aimed to get the influential media involved, so the game was conceived as a spectacle based on its dynamism and aesthetics. The formula worked. Besides the national team, he coached Flamengo which chained ten titles Rio de Janeiro State Championships in a row. Born in Joao Pessoa, he coached football and water polo. In his youth, he studied at a military college, his lengthy workouts alternated with authoritative teaching tone. The unstoppable rise of basketball was confirmed at the second World Championship in Rio; the Brazilian team, coached by Kanela, reached the final undefeated and proclaimed runner-up after losing to the global hegemonic basketball power from the U. S; that Brazilian team was equipped with experienced players who won the bronze medal at the 1948 London Summer Olmpic Games, supported through the arrival of two young men.
These young men were Amaury Pasos and Wlamir Marques, 18 and 17 years old, respectively. The bet of the visionary Kanela would give tremendous returns in years; the Brazilian player leap happened when the team was made up of willing and enthusiastic amateurs. These athletes, who were initiated into the game self-taught by imitation of American basketball players who had toured the country; the hard work of Kanela consisted of giving these players basic fundamentals and lecture them on team concepts. Amaury and Wlamir were his most successful students, their jump shots dazzled at the 54 FIBA World Cup. "Their scoring was smart and technically perfect." Said the Brazilian journalist Fábio Balassiano. Before playing basketball, who measured 1.91 m tall, had practiced swimming and volleyball, which provided him with much athletic ability. Amaury began his career playing as a typical center and power forward, but he learned to play away from the basket, to play as a play maker, his partner, was another former track runner.
Standing 1.85 m tall, Wlamir was a great shooter, had great ball handling skills, enormous agility and jumping ability, which helped him to become an excellent rebounder. Amaury and Wlamir fit well into Kanela's system: fast pace, quick transition, full confidence in the outside shooters. After three months of intense preparation at a Marine base, Brazil was presented at the 1959 FIBA World Championship in Chile, as a candidate for the podium. In addition to the U. S. a tough opponent emerged, absent in the previous tournament: the Soviet Union, the 1957 EuroBasket champions and 1956 Summer Olympics silver medalists. Kanela had the following starting lineup: Amaury Pasos as play maker, Wlamir Marques and the 33-year old veteran, Algodão, as wings. To complete his 7-player rotation, Kanela played his bench players, small forward Jatyr Schall and point guard Pecente Fonseca. There were some minutes for the young forward Rosa Branca, a great ball handler, who received an offer to join the Harlem Globetrotters.
In 2012, Brazil
Albert Schweitzer Tournament
The Albert Schweitzer Tournament is an international basketball competition, played between national basketball teams of the Under-18 men age category. It takes place every 2 years in Mannheim, is contested between teams from 12 different countries. Since FIBA does not organize an Under-18 world championship, the Albert Schweitzer Tournament is internationally recognized and considered an unofficial world championship for the Under-18 age group; the tournament was an Under-19 age event. The organizers of the tournament are the city of Mannheim; the tournament is named after Albert Schweitzer. The first Albert Schweitzer Tournament took place in December 1958, it was contested between eight teams, won by Belgium. Hans-Joachim Babies, the German basketball pioneer, Hermann Niebuhr, asked the theologian and physician, Albert Schweitzer, if they could use his namesake for the name of the tournament. After the second tournament in 1960, there was a break in play until 1966. From that point onwards, a two-year tournament cycle was established.
From 1958 to 1971, the USA used players. Starting with the 1973 tournament, the USA began to use players that were selected from throughout the entire USA school system; the 1991 tournament was canceled, due to the Gulf War. Since 1994, the tournament has been held during even-numbered years; the USA has won the most titles. The USA is followed by Italy with four titles; the record attendance was 28,763 spectators. The tournament is an important event for professional basketball scouts from around the world. Over the years, many players that have played at the tournament have gone on to become well-known pro players, both in the NBA, the EuroLeague; some of the NBA players that have played at the AST, include: In addition to that, some of the players that have played in various international senior men's professional top-tier national domestic leagues, that have played at the AST, include: The Burkhard Wildermuth Prize, or Burkhard Wildermuth Award, was first awarded in 2006, is given to the player in each tournament, deemed to be the "Most Talented Player".
The award is named after Dr. Burkhard Wildermuth, the long-time co-organizer of the Albert Schweitzer Tournament. TBF Under-16 World Cup FIBA Under-17 World Cup FIBA Under-19 World Cup Official Website and Official Archive Website Albert Schweitzer Tournament History Albert Schweitzer Tournament Stars Albert Schweitzer Tournament Results 1958–2008 Albert Schweitzer Tournament Results 2010 and Albert Schweitzer Tournament Results 2012 Albert Schweitzer Tournament Results 2014
Brazil the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, its most populated city is São Paulo; the federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers, it borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats; this unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.
Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system; the ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country ranks thirteenth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Brazil is considered an advanced emerging economy. It has the ninth largest GDP in the world by nominal, eight and PPP measures, it is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. It is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country, with the largest share of global wealth in Latin America. Brazil is a regional power and sometimes considered a great or a middle power in international affairs. On account of its international recognition and influence, the country is subsequently classified as an emerging power and a potential superpower by several analysts. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Union of South American Nations, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, it is that the word "Brazil" comes from the Portuguese word for brazilwood, a tree that once grew plentifully along the Brazilian coast.
In Portuguese, brazilwood is called pau-brasil, with the word brasil given the etymology "red like an ember", formed from brasa and the suffix -il. As brazilwood produces a deep red dye, it was valued by the European textile industry and was the earliest commercially exploited product from Brazil. Throughout the 16th century, massive amounts of brazilwood were harvested by indigenous peoples along the Brazilian coast, who sold the timber to European traders in return for assorted European consumer goods; the official Portuguese name of the land, in original Portuguese records, was the "Land of the Holy Cross", but European sailors and merchants called it the "Land of Brazil" because of the brazilwood trade. The popular appellation eclipsed and supplanted the official Portuguese name; some early sailors called it the "Land of Parrots". In the Guarani language, an official language of Paraguay, Brazil is called "Pindorama"; this was the name the indigenous population gave to the region, meaning "land of the palm trees".
Some of the earliest human remains found in the Americas, Luzia Woman, were found in the area of Pedro Leopoldo, Minas Gerais and provide evidence of human habitation going back at least 11,000 years. The earliest pottery found in the Western Hemisphere was excavated in the Amazon basin of Brazil and radiocarbon dated to 8,000 years ago; the pottery was found near Santarém and provides evidence that the tropical forest region supported a complex prehistoric culture. The Marajoara culture flourished on Marajó in the Amazon delta from 800 CE to 1400 CE, developing sophisticated pottery, social stratification, large populations, mound building, complex social formations such as chiefdoms. Around the time of the Portuguese arrival, the territory of current day Brazil had an estimated indigenous population of 7 million people semi-nomadic who subsisted on hunting, fishing and migrant agriculture; the indigenous population of Brazil comprised several large indigenous ethnic groups. The Tupí people were subdivided into the Tupiniquins and Tupinambás, there were many subdivisions of the other gro
FIBA Europe is a zone within the International Basketball Federation which includes all 50 national European basketball federations. FIBA Europe is one of five Regions of FIBA and is responsible for controlling and developing the sport of basketball in Europe. Among many tasks, this includes promoting and directing international competition at the club and national team levels, as well as governing and appointing European international referees. FIBA Europe is an international federation whose membership consists of the national basketball federations of Europe, of which there are 50 members; the highest decision making body is the Board of FIBA Europe which consists of 25 persons elected by the National Federations. The Board of FIBA Europe meets twice a year and is the executive body which represents all 50 Federations that make up the membership of FIBA Europe. All 50 federations meet once a year at the General Assembly of FIBA Europe; the current Board members are: Until January 1, 2015, the position was titled as a Secretary General.
FIBA EuroBasket, the continental championship played every four years and biennially. Men's Women's FIBA European Championship for Small Countries FIBA Europe Under-20 Championship, the continental championship for players aged fewer than 20 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-18 Championship, the continental championship for players aged fewer than 18 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-16 Championship, the continental championship for players aged fewer than 16 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-20 Championship for Women, the continental championship for women aged fewer than 20 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-18 Championship for Women, the continental championship for women aged fewer than 18 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-16 Championship for Women, the continental championship for women aged fewer than 16 years played annually FIBA Europe 3x3 Championships, the continental championship for men and women in 3x3 FIBA Europe Under-18 3x3 Championships, the continental championship for men and women aged fewer than 18 years in 3x3 Men's Basketball Champions League FIBA Europe CupWomen's EuroLeague Women, first-tier women's professional league EuroCup Women, second-tier women's professional league FIBA Europe SuperCup Women, contested between the winners of the two aforementioned women's leaguesNote: The men's EuroLeague and EuroCup are not operated by FIBA Europe, but rather by Euroleague Basketball.
Both competitions play under FIBA rules. EuroChallenge EuroCup Challenge Korać Cup Ronchetti Cup Saporta Cup SuproLeague This section shows the position of the men's national team of the FIBA Europe members, as of 26 February 2019. Monaco is the only member, not ranked as they did not play any FIBA competition in the last eight years. FIBA Europe Men's Player of the Year Award FIBA Europe Young Men's Player of the Year Award FIBA Europe Women's Player of the Year Award FIBA Europe Young Women's Player of the Year Award European national basketball league rankings FIBA Europe official website
The AfroBasket is the men's basketball continental championship of Africa, played biennially under the auspices of FIBA, basketball's international governing body, the FIBA African zone thereof. The tournament serves to qualify teams for participation in the quadrennial FIBA World Cup and the Summer Olympic Games. Qualification is via the different FIBA Africa subzones from Zone 1 to Zone 7. Six subzones receive two berths each, only Zone 1 get one; the host and the champion from the preceding AfroBasket get a berth each and three teams are selected as wild cards. Each subzone conducts a qualification tournament up to a year before the championship to determine the qualifying teams. FIBA Basketball World Cup Basketball at the Olympic Games Basketball at the African Games FIBA Africa Clubs Champions Cup FIBA Africa Under-18 Championship FIBA Africa Under-16 Championship Official FIBA Africa website FIBA Archive Men's Basketball Africa Championship Men's Basketball Africa Championship