Demographics of Texas
Texas is the second most populous U. S. state, with an estimated 2017 population of 28.449 million. In recent decades, it has experienced strong population growth. Texas has metropolitan areas, along with many towns and rural areas. Much of the population is in the major cities of Houston, San Antonio, Fort Worth, El Paso; the 2010 US Census recorded Texas as having a population of 25.1 million—an increase of 4.3 million since the year 2000, involving an increase in population in all three subcategories of population growth: natural increase, net immigration, net migration. The state passed New York in the 1990s to become the second-largest U. S. state after California. Texas' population growth between 2000 and 2010 represents the highest population increase, by number of people, for any U. S. state during this time period. The large population increase can somewhat be attributed to Texas' relative insulation from the US housing bubble; the state has a bigger population than that of Australia. As of 2012, the state has an estimated 4.1 million foreign-born residents, constituting 15% of the state population An estimated 1.7 million people are undocumented immigrants.
U. S. Census data from 2010 indicate that 7.7% of Texas' population is under 5 years old, 27.3% is under 18, 10.3% is aged 65 and older. Females make up 50.4% of the population. The center of population of Texas is located at 30.905244°N 97.365594°W / 30.905244. As of the 2010 US Census, the racial distribution in Texas was as follows: 70.4% of the population of Texas was White American. Hispanics were 37.6% of the population of the state, while Non-Hispanic Whites composed 45.3%. English Americans predominate in eastern and northern Texas. African Americans, who made up one-third of the state population, are concentrated in parts of northern and east central Texas as well as in the Dallas-Fort Worth and San Antonio metropolitan areas; as in other Southern states settled in the 19th century, the vast majority have European ancestry: Irish and German. Texas includes a diverse set of European ancestries, due both to historical patterns of settlement from the Southeastern United States, as well as contemporary dynamics.
Frontier Texas saw settlements of Germans in Fredericksburg and New Braunfels. Many Romanians, Germans from Switzerland and Austria, Russians, Norwegians, Slovaks and French immigrated at least in part because of the European revolutions of 1848; this immigration continued until the 1920s. The influence of these diverse European immigrants survives in the town names, architectural styles and cuisine in Texas. Lavaca County, for example, is over one-quarter Czech American, Seguin has a large Slovak American community, Nederland has many Dutch Americans whose ancestors immigrated from the Netherlands. In the 1980 United States Census the largest ancestry group reported in Texas was English, forming 3,083,323 or 27% of the population, their ancestry goes back to the original thirteen colonies and for this reason many of them today claim American ancestry. As of 2010, 37% of Texas residents had Hispanic ancestry. Tejanos are the largest ancestry group in southern Duval County and amongst the largest in and around Bexar County, including San Antonio, where over one million Hispanics live.
The state has the second largest Hispanic population behind California. Hispanics dominate southern, south-central, western Texas and form a significant portion of the residents in the cities of Dallas and Austin; the Hispanic population contributes to Texas having a younger population than the American average, because Hispanic births have outnumbered non-Hispanic white births since the early 1990s. In 2007, for the first time since the early nineteenth century, Hispanics accounted for more than half of all births, while non-Hispanic whites accounted for just 34%. In 2016 the state had 59,115 persons of Cuban origin. 6,157 of them lived in Travis County. Texas has one of the largest African-American populations in the country. African Americans are concentrated in northern and east central Texas as well as the Dallas and San Antonio metropolitan areas. African Americans form 24 percent of both the cities of Dallas and Houston, 19% of Fort Worth, 8.1 percent of Austin, 7.5 percent of San Antonio.
They form a majority in sections of eastern San Antonio, southern Dallas, eastern Fort Worth, southern Houston. A strong labor market between 1995 and 2000 contributed to Texas being one of three states in the South receiving the highest numbers of black college graduates in a New Great Migration. In recent years, the Asian American population in Texas has grown in west Houston, Fort Bend County southwest of Houston, the western and northern suburbs of Dallas, Arlington near Fort Worth. Vietnamese Americans, South Asian Americans, Chinese Americans, Filipino Americans, Korean Americans, Japanese Americans make up the largest Asian American groups in Texas; the Gulf Coast has large numbers of Asian Americans, because the shrimp fishing industry attracted tens of thousands of Vietnamese and Chinese f
Robertson County, Texas
Robertson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 16,622, its county seat is Franklin. The county was created in 1837 and organized the following year, it is named for Sterling C. Robertson, an early settler who signed the Texas Declaration of Independence. Robertson County is part of TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 865 square miles, of which 856 square miles is land and 9.7 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 79 U. S. Highway 190 State Highway 6 State Highway 7 State Highway 14Additionally, State Highway OSR forms Robertson County's southeastern border, but doesn't enter the county. Limestone County Leon County Brazos County Burleson County Milam County Falls County As of the census of 2000, there were 16,000 people, 6,179 households, 4,356 families residing in the county; the population density was 19 people per square mile. There were 7,874 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the county was 66.20% White, 24.19% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 7.17% from other races, 1.79% from two or more races. 14.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 6,179 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.50% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.09. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.20% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, 17.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,886, the median income for a family was $35,590.
Males had a median income of $30,795 versus $21,529 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,714. About 17.30% of families and 20.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.70% of those under age 18 and 21.60% of those age 65 or over. Bremond Calvert Franklin Hearne Blackjack Owensville National Register of Historic Places listings in Robertson County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Robertson County Robertson County government's website Robertson County from the Handbook of Texas Online Sketch of Sterling Robertson from A pictorial history of Texas, from the earliest visits of European adventurers, to A. D. 1879, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
Big Bend (Texas)
The Big Bend is a colloquial name of a geographic region in the western part of the state of Texas in the United States along the border with Mexico defined as the counties north of the prominent northward bend in the Rio Grande as it passes through the gap between the Chisos Mountains in Texas and the Sierra Madre Oriental in Mexico. It is sometimes loosely defined as the part of Texas south of U. S. Highway 90 and west of the Pecos River; the region includes three counties in Texas: Jeff Davis and Presidio. The region is sparsely populated and rugged, containing the Chisos and the Davis Mountain ranges; the region has more than one million acres of public lands, including Big Bend National Park and Big Bend Ranch State Park along the north side of the Rio Grande. It is the home of the McDonald Observatory; the largest towns in the region are Alpine, Marfa, Sanderson and Marathon. List of geographical regions in Texas Balmorhea State Park Trans-Pecos Little Big Bend: Common and Rare Plants of Big Bend National Park Texas Tech University Press The Big Bend of Texas.
1920, hosted by the Portal to Texas History West Texas Weekly- a local weekly newspaper. Visit Big Bend- an extensive website on the Big Bend region and attractions
Burleson County, Texas
Burleson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,187, its county seat is Caldwell. The county is named for a general and statesman of the Texas Revolution. Burleson County is part of TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. From 1975 to 1995, the Burleson county judge, who presides over the commissioner's court, were the son and father team of Mark Steglich Caperton, a Caldwell attorney, Woods Allen Caperton. Mark Caperton was the judge from 1975 to 1983 and was succeeded by his father, a former agent of the United States Soil Conservation Service. Woods Caperton served seventeen years as a member of the Caldwell Independent School District and was a member too of the Burleson County Hospital District. During his time on each board, a new high school and hospital were begun. Woods Caperton was chairman of the Brazos Valley Development Council and the Brazos Valley Mental Health Mental Retardation Center, he founded the Caldwell Cub Scouts and was instrumental in the development of the Caldwell Little League.
Another son, Kent Caperton, served from 1981 to 1991 as the District 5 state senator. Kent Caperton of Bryan, is a lobbyist and lawyer in Austin. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 677 square miles, of which 659 square miles is land and 18 square miles is water. State Highway 21 State Highway 36 Robertson County Brazos County Washington County Lee County Milam County As of the census of 2000, there were 16,470 people, 6,363 households, 4,574 families residing in the county; the population density was 25 people per square mile. There were 8,197 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 74.07% White, 15.06% Black or African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 8.25% from other races, 1.92% from two or more races. 14.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.8% were of German, 11.3% American, 10.7% Czech and 6.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. There were 6,363 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.10% were non-families.
24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $33,026, the median income for a family was $39,385. Males had a median income of $28,795 versus $20,146 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,616. About 13.20% of families and 17.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.90% of those under age 18 and 14.30% of those age 65 or over. Caldwell Snook Somerville National Register of Historic Places listings in Burleson County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Burleson County Burleson County official website Burleson County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas.
History of Texas, together with a biographical history of Milam, Bastrop, Travis and Burleson counties, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
Climate of Texas
Texas' weather varies from arid in the west to humid in the east. The huge expanse of Texas encompasses several regions with distinctly different climates: Northern Plains, Trans-Pecos Region, Texas Hill Country, Piney Woods, South Texas. Speaking, the part of Texas that lies to the east of Interstate 35 is subtropical, while the portion that lies to the west of Interstate 35 is arid desert. Texas ranks first in tornado occurrence with an average of 139 per year. Tropical cyclones can affect the state, either from the Gulf of Mexico or from an overland trajectory originating in the eastern Pacific Ocean; those originating from the Gulf of Mexico are more to strike the upper Texas coast than elsewhere. Significant floods have occurred across the state throughout history, both from tropical cyclones and from stalled weather fronts; the Northern Plains' climate is semi-arid and is prone to drought, annually receiving between 16 and 32 inches of precipitation, average annual snowfall ranging between 15 and 30 inches, with the greatest snowfall amounts occurring in the Texas panhandle and areas near the border with New Mexico.
During the summer, this area of state sees the most clear days. Winter nights see temperatures fall below the freezing mark, or 32 °F; the wettest months of the year are May. Tornadoes, caused by the convergence of westerly and southerly prevailing winds during the late spring, are common, making the region part of Tornado Alley. Poor land management and high wind speeds can cause large dust storms, minimized in modern times by improved land-management practices, but most troublesome in the 1930s during the Dust Bowl period; the panhandle region, farthest from the Gulf of Mexico, experiences colder winters than the other regions of Texas, where occasional wintertime Arctic blasts can cause temperatures to plunge to well below freezing and bring snowy conditions. International areas with comparable climate: Southern China; the Trans-Pecos region known as Big Bend Country, is in the west-central and western parts of the state, consisting of the Chihuahuan Desert and isolated mountain ranges. During fall and spring, it experiences the most clear days statewide.
It is the driest receiving an average annual rainfall of only 16 inches or less. Snowfall is rare at lower elevations, although the highest mountain peaks are prone to heavy snowfalls during winter; the arid climate is the main reason for desertification of the land, but overgrazing is widening the land area of that desert. In the mountain areas one can see coniferous forests in more temperate environment; the wettest months in this region occur during the summer. Winds are strengthened as they are forced to push through valleys. In the flatter areas these winds are harvested into usable electricity. International areas with comparable climate: Iraq; the climate is semi-arid west of Brady through Junction to Rocksprings, but it is sub-humid east and south of that area. Humidity is high during the warm season, though afternoons further northwest can see a wind shift and drier air before Gulf air returns after sunset; the vegetation is both deciduous in the river valleys, coniferous where there is greater elevation.
Dry savannas, open woodlands, shorter grasses dominate the northwest, while closed woodlands and moist savannas mix with taller grasses in the east and south. In a single year the region can receive up to 48 inches of precipitation, flooding is common near rivers and in low-lying areas, while drier years might receive only 12 inches of precipitation; the wettest months of the year are May. International areas with comparable climate: Much of East Africa, it receives the most rainfall. This is due to the gulf currents that carry humid air to the region, where it condenses and precipitates out in the vicinity of sea breeze fronts as well as when extratropical cyclones move by. While coastal sections see the most cloudy days statewide and year-round, northern sections see the most clear days during the summer; the wettest months of the year are May. The area is prone to severe thunderstorms and tornadoes when the proper conditions exist in the springtime. Hurricanes strike the region, the most disastrous of, the Galveston Hurricane of 1900.
More Hurricane Rita pummeled the Golden Triangle of southeast Texas. The higher humidity of the region amplifies the feeling of heat during the summer. During winter and spring along the immediate coast, temperatures are kept cool by cool gulf waters. Dense advection fog can form when warm air moves over the cool shelf waters during February and March, stopping ship traffic for days. International areas with comparable climate: Taiwan. Considered to be the southernmost tip of the American Great Plains region, the inland region has rainfall, similar to that of the Northern Plains; the coastal areas are nearly warm most of the year due to currents of the Gulf of Mexico, but can get cold in winter if a strong front comes in, s
Austin is the capital of the U. S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties. It is the 4th-most populous city in Texas, it is the fastest growing large city in the United States, the second most populous state capital after Phoenix and the southernmost state capital in the contiguous United States. As of the U. S. Census Bureau's July 1, 2017 estimate, Austin had a population of 950,715 up from 790,491 at the 2010 census; the city is the cultural and economic center of the Austin–Round Rock metropolitan statistical area, which had an estimated population of 2,115,827 as of July 1, 2017. Located in Central Texas within the greater Texas Hill Country, it is home to numerous lakes and waterways, including Lady Bird Lake and Lake Travis on the Colorado River, Barton Springs, McKinney Falls, Lake Walter E. Long. In the 1830s, pioneers began to settle the area in central Austin along the Colorado River. In 1839, the site was chosen to replace Houston as the capital of the Republic of Texas and was incorporated under the name "Waterloo."
Shortly afterward, the name was changed to Austin in honor of Stephen F. Austin, the "Father of Texas" and the republic's first secretary of state; the city grew throughout the 19th century and became a center for government and education with the construction of the Texas State Capitol and the University of Texas at Austin. After a severe lull in economic growth from the Great Depression, Austin resumed its steady development, by the 1990s it emerged as a center for technology and business. A number of Fortune 500 companies have headquarters or regional offices in Austin including, 3M, Amazon.com, Apple Inc. Cisco, eBay, General Motors, Google, IBM, Oracle Corporation, PayPal, Texas Instruments, Whole Foods Market. Dell's worldwide headquarters is located in Round Rock. Residents of Austin are known as Austinites, they include a diverse mix of government employees, college students, high-tech workers, blue-collar workers, a vibrant LGBT community. The city's official slogan promotes Austin as "The Live Music Capital of the World," a reference to the city's many musicians and live music venues, as well as the long-running PBS TV concert series Austin City Limits.
The city adopted "Silicon Hills" as a nickname in the 1990s due to a rapid influx of technology and development companies. In recent years, some Austinites have adopted the unofficial slogan "Keep Austin Weird," which refers to the desire to protect small and local businesses from being overrun by large corporations. In the late 19th century, Austin was known as the "City of the Violet Crown," because of the colorful glow of light across the hills just after sunset. Today, many Austin businesses use the term "Violet Crown" in their name. Austin is known as a "clean-air city" for its stringent no-smoking ordinances that apply to all public places and buildings, including restaurants and bars. U. S. News & World Report named Austin the #1 place to live in the U. S. for 2017 and 2018. In 2016, Forbes ranked Austin #1 on its "Cities of the Future" list in 2017 placed the city at that same position on its list for the "Next Biggest Boom Town in the U. S." In 2017, Forbes awarded the South River City neighborhood of Austin its #2 ranking for "Best Cities and Neighborhoods for Millennials."
WalletHub named Austin the #6 best place in the country to live for 2017. The FBI ranked Austin as the #2 safest major city in the U. S. for 2012. Austin, Travis County and Williamson County have been the site of human habitation since at least 9200 BC; the area's earliest known inhabitants lived during the late Pleistocene and are linked to the Clovis culture around 9200 BC, based on evidence found throughout the area and documented at the much-studied Gault Site, midway between Georgetown and Fort Hood. When settlers arrived from Europe, the Tonkawa tribe inhabited the area; the Comanches and Lipan Apaches were known to travel through the area. Spanish colonists, including the Espinosa-Olivares-Aguirre expedition, traveled through the area for centuries, though few permanent settlements were created for some time. In 1730, three missions from East Texas were combined and reestablished as one mission on the south side of the Colorado River, in what is now Zilker Park, in Austin; the mission was in this area for only about seven months, was moved to San Antonio de Béxar and split into three missions.
Early in the 19th century, Spanish forts were established in what are now San Marcos. Following Mexico's independence, new settlements were established in Central Texas, but growth in the region was stagnant because of conflicts with the regional Native Americans. In 1835 -- 1836, Texans won independence from Mexico. Texas thus became an independent country with its own president and monetary system. After Vice President Mirabeau B. Lamar visited the area during a buffalo-hunting expedition between 1837 and 1838, he proposed that the republic's capital in Houston, be relocated to the area situated on the north bank of the Colorado River. In 1839, the Texas Congress formed a commission to seek a site for a new capital to be named for Stephen F. Austin. Mirabeau B. Lamar, second president of the newly formed Republic of Texas, advised the commissioners to investigate the area named Waterloo, noting the area's hills and pleasant surroundings. Waterloo was selected, "Austin" was chosen as the town's new name.
The location was seen as a convenient crossroads for trade routes between Santa Fe and Galveston Bay, as well as routes between northern Mexico and the Red River. Edwin Wall
National Register of Historic Places listings in Texas
These historic properties and districts in the state of Texas are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Properties and/or districts are listed in most of Texas's 254 counties; the tables linked below are intended to provide a complete list of properties and districts listed in each county. The locations of National Register properties and districts with latitude and longitude data may be seen in an online map by clicking on "Map of all coordinates"; the names on the lists are. This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019; the following are approximate tallies of current listings by county. List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in Texas List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmark