Daniel Boone was an American pioneer, explorer and frontiersman, whose frontier exploits made him one of the first folk heroes of the United States. Boone is most famous for his exploration and settlement of what is now Kentucky, as a young adult, Boone supplemented his farm income by hunting and trapping game, and selling their pelts in the fur market. Through this occupational interest, Boone first learned the easy routes to the area, there, he founded the village of Boonesborough, one of the first American settlements west of the Appalachians. Before the end of the 18th century, more than 200,000 Americans migrated to Kentucky/Virginia by following the route marked by Boone, Boone was a militia officer during the Revolutionary War, which, in Kentucky, was fought primarily between the American settlers and the British-aided Indians. Boone was captured by Shawnee warriors in 1778 and he escaped and alerted Boonesborough that the Shawnees were planning an attack. Although heavily outnumbered, Americans repelled the Shawnee warriors in the Siege of Boonesborough, Boone was elected to the first of his three terms in the Virginia General Assembly, during the Revolutionary War, and fought in the Battle of Blue Licks in 1782.
Blue Licks, a Shawnee victory over the Patriots, was one of the last battles of the Revolutionary War, following the war, Boone worked as a surveyor and merchant, but fell deeply into debt through failed Kentucky land speculation. Frustrated with the problems resulting from his land claims, in 1799, Boone emigrated to eastern Missouri. Boone remains a figure in American history. He was a legend in his own lifetime, especially after an account of his adventures was published in 1784 by John Filson, an American edition made him equally famous across the United States. After his death, he was frequently the subject of heroic tall tales and his adventures—real and legendary—were influential in creating the archetypal Western hero of American folklore. In American popular culture, he is remembered as one of the foremost early frontiersmen, the epic Daniel Boone mythology often overshadows the historical details of his life. Daniel Boone was of English and Welsh ancestry, because the Gregorian calendar was adopted during his lifetime, Boones birth date is sometimes given as November 2,1734, although Boone used the October date.
The Boone family belonged to the Religious Society of Friends, called Quakers, daniels father, Squire Boone emigrated from the small town of Bradninch, Devon to Pennsylvania in 1713, to join William Penns colony of dissenters. Squire Boones parents, George Boone III and Mary Maugridge, followed their son to Pennsylvania in 1717, in 1720, Squire Boone, who worked primarily as a weaver and a blacksmith, married Sarah Morgan. Sarahs family were Quakers from Wales, and had settled in 1708 in the area which became Towamencin Township of Montgomery County, in 1731, the Boones moved to the Oley Valley, near the modern city of Reading. There they built a log cabin, partially preserved today as the Daniel Boone Homestead, Daniel Boone was born there, the sixth of eleven children. Daniel Boone spent his years on what was the edge of the frontier
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park is located at the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers in and around Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. The park includes land in Jefferson County, West Virginia, Washington County and Loudoun County, the park is managed by the National Park Service, an agency of the U. S. Department of the Interior. Originally designated as a National Monument in 1944, the park was declared a National Historical Park by the U. S. Congress in 1963. The park includes the town of Harpers Ferry, notable as a center of 19th century industry. Due to a mixture of events and ample recreational opportunities, all within 50 miles of Washington. The Parks Superintendent is presently Tyrone Brandyburg, native American history in the region dates back to at least 8,000 years ago. One of these European immigrants, Robert Harper, obtained a patent for the land from the Virginia legislature in 1751, note that prior to 1863, West Virginia was still a part of Virginia. The town was known as Shenandoah Falls at Mr.
Harpers Ferry due to the ferry business Robert Harper managed and operated. Today, the house built by Robert Harper is the oldest remaining structure in the lower part of the park. Though it is believed that George Washington visited the area earlier, his trip to the confluence in 1785. Later, Washington began the construction of the federal Harpers Ferry Armory on the site, meriwether Lewis, under government contract, procured most of the weaponry and associated hardware that would be needed for the Lewis and Clark Expedition at the armory in Harpers Ferry. Blacksmiths built an iron boat frame for the expedition. Between the years 1820 to 1840, John H. Hall worked to perfect the manufacturing of parts at the armory. Subsequently, the development of the bullet to replace the round lead slug was achieved by James H. Burton. Employing at times up to 400 workers, the armory produced over half a million muskets, abolitionist John Brown led an armed group in the capture of the armory in 1859. Brown had hoped he would be able to arm the slaves and lead them against U. S. forces in a rebellion to overthrow slavery.
After his capture in the armory by a group of Marines, Brown was hanged, predicting in his last words that civil war was looming on the horizon, a prediction that came true less than two years later. The most important building remaining from John Browns raid is the firehouse, the American Civil War found Harpers Ferry right on the boundary between the Union and Confederate forces
A cottage is, typically, a small house. It may carry the connotation of being an old or old-fashioned building, in modern usage, a cottage is usually a modest, often cosy dwelling, typically in a rural or semi-rural location. The word comes from the architecture of England, where it referred to a house with ground floor living space. In British English the term now denotes a small dwelling of traditional build, Cottages may be detached houses, or terraced, such as those built to house workers in mining villages. The tied accommodation provided to workers was usually a cottage. Peasant farmers were known as cotters. The holiday cottage exists in many cultures under different names, in American English, cottage is one term for such holiday homes, although they may be called a cabin, chalet, or even camp. In certain countries the term cottage has local synonyms, In Finnish mökki, in Estonian suvila, in Swedish stage, in Norwegian hytte, in Slovak chalupa, in Russian дача. There are cottage-style dwellings in American cities that were primarily for the purpose of housing slaves In places such as Canada.
Originally in the Middle Ages, cottages housed agricultural workers and their friends, the term cottage denoted the dwelling of a cotter. Thus, cottages were smaller peasant units, in that early period, a documentary reference to a cottage would most often mean, not a small stand-alone dwelling as today, but a complete farmhouse and yard. Thus, in the Middle Ages, the word cottage denoted not just a dwelling, but included at least a dwelling and a barn, as well as, usually, a fenced yard or piece of land enclosed by a gate. The word is probably a blend of Old English cot, cote hut and Old French cot hut, from Old Norse kot hut, examples of this may be found in 15th century manor court rolls. The house of the cottage bore the Latin name, domus, on, cottage might have denoted a smallholding comprising houses and supporting farmland or woods. A cottage, in sense, would typically include just a few acres of tilled land. Examples of this included the Welsh Tŷ unnos or house in a night. Much later, from around the 18th century onwards, the development of industry led to the development of weavers cottages, in England and Wales the legal definition of a cottage is a small house or habitation without land.
However, originally under an Elizabethan statute, the cottage had to be built with at least 4 acres of land, traditionally the owner of the cottage and small holding would be known as a cottager
United States National Cemetery System
United States national cemetery is a designation for 147 nationally important cemeteries in the United States. A national cemetery is generally a military cemetery containing the graves of U. S. military personnel and their spouses, there are state veteran cemeteries. The best known national cemetery is Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington County, outside Washington, some national cemeteries, especially Arlington, contain the graves of important civilian leaders and other important national figures. Some national cemeteries contain sections for Confederate soldiers, the Department of the Army maintains two national cemeteries, Arlington National Cemetery and United States Soldiers and Airmens Home National Cemetery. The National Park Service maintains 14 cemeteries associated with historic sites, the American Battle Monuments Commission, an independent agency, maintains 24 American military cemeteries and other memorials outside of the United States. The first national cemeteries were set up after the United States Civil War by Edmund Burke Whitman, congress passed a law to establish and protect national cemeteries in 1867
Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial
It overlooks the Potomac River and the National Mall in Washington, D. C. During the American Civil War, the grounds of the mansion were selected as the site of Arlington National Cemetery, the United States has since designated the mansion as a National Memorial to Lee. Arlington Woods, located behind Arlington House, contains the oldest and largest tract of eastern hardwood forest that still exists in Arlington County. The mansion was built on the orders of George Washington Parke Custis, Custis became a prominent resident of an area that was known as Alexandria County, at the time a part of the District of Columbia. Arlington House was built at a point on an 5,100 ft acre estate that Custis father, John Parke Custis, had purchased in 1778. The younger Custis decided to build his home on the property in 1802 following the death of Martha Washington, after acquiring the property, Custis renamed it Arlington after the Custis familys homestead on the Eastern Shore of Virginia. Almost immediately, Custis began constructing Arlington House on his land, hiring George Hadfield as architect, he constructed a mansion exhibiting the first example of Greek Revival architecture in America.
Custis intended the mansion to serve as a memorial to George Washington. Construction began eleven years after LEnfants Plan for the future Federal City had designated an area directly across the Potomac River to be the site of the Presidents House and the Congress House. Custis located the building on a prominent hill overlooking the Georgetown-Alexandria Turnpike, the Potomac River, using slave labor and materials on site, and interrupted by the War of 1812, Custis finally completed the mansions exterior in 1818. The north and south wings were completed in 1804, the large center section and the portico, presenting an imposing front 140 ft long, were finished 13 years later. The house has two kitchens, a summer and a winter, the most prominent features of the house are the 8 massive columns of the portico, each 5 feet in diameter. Guests at the house included such people as Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette. At Arlington, Custis experimented with new methods of animal husbandry and their only child to survive to adulthood was Mary Anna Randolph Custis.
Robert E. Lee, whose mother was a cousin of Mrs. Custis, frequently visited Arlington, two years after graduating from West Point, Lieutenant Lee married Mary Anna Custis at Arlington on June 30,1831. For 30 years Arlington House was home to the Lees and they spent much of their married life traveling between United States Army duty stations and Arlington, where six of their seven children were born. They shared this home with Marys parents, after their deaths, Marys parents were buried not far from the house on land that is now part of Arlington National Cemetery. The Custises extensively developed the Arlington estate, much of the steep slope to the east of the house became a cultivated English landscape park, while a large flower garden with an arbor was constructed and planted south of the house
Elkhorn City, Kentucky
Elkhorn City is a home rule-class city in Pike County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 1,060 at the 2000 census, the city is located in proximity to the Breaks Interstate Park. Elkhorn City was first settled by William Ramey of North Carolina c. 1810, however, in 1767–1768, Daniel Boone took his first steps in what is now Kentucky near present-day Elkhorn City on a hunting expedition. On October 16,1882, the post office was renamed Praise for Camp Praise-the-Lord, in 1907, the C&O Railroad established a station in Praise that was named Elkhorn City. Although Elkhorn City was incorporated as a city on November 4,1912, the neighboring settlement of Cedarville merged with Elkhorn City in 2009. Elkhorn City is located at 37°18′11″N 82°20′52″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles, all land. Elkhorn City is nestled in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains of Eastern Kentucky, the city has many geographic wonders that make it one of the major tourism destinations in Kentucky.
First and foremost of these natural wonders is the Russell Fork of the Big Sandy River which flows through the center of the city and it is well known for as a whitewater rafting destination, featuring Class II-VI rapids. Elkhorn City is located at the northernmost point of the Pine Mountain along with the northern terminus of Pine Mountain Trail. Once completed, the trail will extend from the Breaks Interstate Park to Cumberland Gap National Historical Park along the ridge of Pine Mountain, the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Elkhorn City has a subtropical climate. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 982 people residing in the city, the racial makeup of the city was 99. 0% White,0. 3% Black,0. 2% from some other race and 0. 3% from two or more races. 0. 2% were Hispanic or Latino of any race, as of the census of 2000, there were 1,060 people,437 households, and 295 families residing in the city.
The population density was 525.5 people per square mile, there were 506 housing units at an average density of 250.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 99. 34% White,0. 09% African American,0. 28% Native American,0. 09% Pacific Islander,0. 19% from other races, Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 75% of the population. 31. 4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16. 0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.75. In the city, the population was out with 18. 6% under the age of 18,7. 8% from 18 to 24,24. 2% from 25 to 44,24. 6% from 45 to 64. The median age was 45 years, for every 100 females there were 81.2 males
A visitor center or centre, visitor information center, tourist information center, is a physical location that provides tourist information to the visitors who tour the place or area locally. Often a film or other media display is used, if the site has permit requirements or guided tours, the visitor center is often the place where these are coordinated. A tourist information center, providing visitors to a location with information on the attractions, maps. Often, these centers are operated at the airport or other port of entry, often a visitor center is called simply an information center. A corporate visitor center, provides visitors with an easily accessible window into the corporation, Visitor centers used to provide fairly basic information about the place, corporation or event they are celebrating, acting more as the entry way to a place. The role of the center has been rapidly evolving over the past 10 years to become more of an experience. Many have become destinations and experiences in their own right, other TICs are run by local authorities or through private organisations such as local shops in association with BTA.
In England, VisitEngland promotes domestic tourism, in Wales, the Welsh Government supports TICs through Visit Wales. In Scotland, the Scottish Government supports VisitScotland, the official tourist organisation of Scotland, in Poland there are special offices and tables giving free information about tourist attractions. These information centers are operated by the state they are located in, the first example opened on 4 May 1935, next to US12 in New Buffalo, near the Indiana state line. In Ontario, there are 11 Ontario Travel Information Centres located along 400-series highways and it provides assistance on various procedures or where tourists have problems of various kinds. Iperú receives complaints and suggestions for destinations and tourism companies operating in Peru, iperú, Tourist Information and Assistance has a nationwide network represented online by the Peru. The official tourist organization or national tourist board of Peru is PromPerú, in Australia, most visitor centres are local or state government-run, or in some cases as an association of tourism operators on behalf of the government, usually managed by a board or executive.
Those that comply with an accreditation programme use the italic i as pictured above. Heritage center Heritage interpretation Interpretation center Nature center United States Capitol Visitor Center Communicating effectively with visitors -16 tips for visitor centers
George Washington and Jefferson National Forests
The George Washington and Jefferson National Forests are U. S. National Forests that combine to form one of the largest areas of public land in the Eastern United States. They cover 1.8 million acres of land in the Appalachian Mountains of Virginia, West Virginia, approximately 1 million acres of the forest are remote and undeveloped and 139,461 acres have been designated as wilderness areas, which eliminates future development. George Washington National Forest was established on May 16,1918 as the Shenandoah National Forest, the forest was renamed after the first President on June 28,1932. Natural Bridge National Forest was added on July 22,1933, Jefferson National Forest was formed on April 21,1936 by combining portions of the Unaka and George Washington National Forests with other land. In 1995, the George Washington and Jefferson National Forests were administratively combined, the border between the two forests roughly follows the James River. The combined forest is administered from its headquarters in Roanoke, the northern portion of the Blue Ridge Parkway, which is separately administered by the National Park Service, runs through the Forest.
Over 2,000 miles of hiking trails, including segments of the Appalachian Trail, virginias highest point, Mount Rogers, is located in the Mount Rogers National Recreation Area that is part of the forest. Other notable mountains include Elliott Knob, which has one of the last remaining fire towers in the eastern U. S. Approximately 230,000 acres of old-growth forests, the deepest gorge east of the Mississippi River, Breaks Interstate Park, is located in the forest. Roaring Run Furnace is the site on the National Register of Historic Places owned by the Jefferson National Forest. The Forests vast and mountainous terrain harbors a variety of plant life—over 50 species of trees and over 2,000 species of shrubs. The Forests contain some 230,000 acres of old growth forests, the Ramseys Draft and Kimberling Creek Wildernesses in particular are mostly old-growth. The black bear is relatively common, enough so there is a short hunting season to prevent overpopulation. White-tailed deer, bald eagles, otter, the forests are popular hiking, mountain biking, and hunting destinations.
The Appalachian Trail extends for 330 miles from the end of Shenandoah National Park through the forest. The forest is within a two-hour drive for over ten people and thus receives large numbers of visitors. The George Washington National Forest is a destination for trail runners. It is the location for several Ultramarathons, including the Massanutten Mountain Trails 100 miler, the Old Dominion 100 miler, George Washington Forest is the venue for Nature Camp, a natural science education-oriented summer camp for youth
Virginia State Route 80
State Route 80 is a primary state highway in the southwest part of the U. S. state of Virginia. It runs from the Kentucky state line at Breaks Interstate Park east to U. S. Route 11 near Meadowview, Kentucky Route 80 and Missouris Route 80 continue the number west to Matthews, Missouri. The entire length of SR80 is part of U. S, buchanan County Kentucky Route 80 runs alongside the Russell Fork from Millard to just shy of the Virginia state line. Route 80 soon crosses into Virginia, and continues to parallel Grassy Creek until the split with Hunts Creek, about halfway to the community of Breaks, SR80 crosses the creek and county line. Dickenson County SR80 passes the community of Breaks, leaving Hunts Creek there and it runs south through Camp Branch Gap, and continues in a general southerly direction alongside small creeks and over two summits to State Route 83 east of Haysi. SR80 and SR83 overlap west alongside Russell Prater Creek into Haysi, the two routes turn south, but SR83 soon splits to the west to follow the McClure River.
Buchanan County SR80 and the Russell Fork continue past Davenport, the fork ends as the road approaches Sandy Ridge and the Tennessee Valley Divide, which it climbs Big A Mountain via a series of hairpin curves. S. There it turns southwest with US19, alongside Elk Garden Creek, to Smithfield, SR80 again runs cross-country past Rockdell, where it begins to climb Clinch Mountain, which it crosses at Hayters Gap. Washington County SR80 descends from Hayters Gap to the East Fork Wolf Creek and it crosses the river and follows Logan Creek uphill to Lindell, where the land levels out. It continues to follow Logan Creek past Yellow Springs and Giesley Mill, SR80 crosses Interstate 81 at a Diamond interchange southeast of Meadowview, providing access on I-81, and ends at U. S. Route 11 at Cedarville. State Route 803, formerly part of SR80, continues southeast from Cedarville to Lodi, the road from Lodi to Cedarville, now State Route 803, was planned as part of State Route 12, the predecessor to U. S.
Route 58, in 1923. The next year it was extended southeast the rest of the way to SR12 at Lodi, the gap was closed in 1930 and 1931
Petersburg National Battlefield
Petersburg National Battlefield is a National Park Service unit preserving sites related to the American Civil War Siege of Petersburg. The Battlefield is centered on the city of Petersburg and includes outlying components in Hopewell, Prince George County, over 140,000 people visit the park annually. Petersburg National Battlefield is composed of three units and an additional managed component. Located off Virginia Route 36 east of Petersburg, the Eastern Front Visitor Center is the visitor contact station for the Battlefield. Here, visitors can view exhibits and movies about the Siege of Petersburg as well as view Battery #5, the park entrance fee is collected on the Eastern Front Visitor Center access road. After leaving the Visitor Center, one can begin their park tour, a motor tour route runs from Virginia Route 36 to US Route 301. Along the way, visitors can view such as Fort Stedman. Sometimes called the Waterloo of the Confederacy, Five Forks helped set in motion a series of events led to Robert E.
Lees subsequent surrender at Appomattox Court House. Sited next to the James River in Hopewell, City Point served as a major command and it is located in the City Point Historic District. The 8. 72-acre Poplar Grove National Cemetery is administered by Petersburg National Battlefield, established as Petersburg National Military Park on 1926-07-03. Transferred from the War Department on 1933-08-10, redesignated as Petersburg National Battlefield on 1962-08-24. Added to the National Register of Historic Places on 1966-10-15, richmond National Battlefield Park, administering areas related to the Siege of Petersburg which are north of the James River and Appomattox River. Washington, U. S. Department of the Interior, official NPS website, Petersburg National Battlefield
A water slide is a type of slide designed for warm-weather or indoor recreational use at water parks. Water slides differ in their method and therefore size. Some slides require riders to sit directly on the slide, or on a raft or tube designed to be used with the slide, a typical water slide uses a pump system to pump water to the top which is allowed to freely flow down its surface. The water reduces friction so sliders travel down the slide very quickly, Water slides run into a swimming pool or a long run-out chute. A lifeguard is usually stationed at the top and the bottom of the slide, as the name suggests, body slides feature no mat and require the person to sit directly on the surface of the slide. There are a variety of types of body slides including simple flumes, speed slides, some slides are designed to be ridden with a tube which typically seats either 2 or 3 riders inline. Similar to a body slide, these slides include many twists and turns and come in a variety of types including bowls, funnels.
The worlds longest water slide was an installation in Waimauku, New Zealand. Constructed with a length of 650 metres, of which 550 metres functioned properly and its creators claimed the previous record holder had a length of ~350 metres. The longest multi-person water-coaster is the 1,763 foot long Mammoth at Holiday World in Santa Claus, the first known existence of a looping water slide was at Action Park in Vernon, New Jersey in the mid-1980s. Their water slide featured a loop but was repeatedly closed due to safety concerns. In the late 2000s, Austrian manufacturer Aquarena developed the worlds first safe looping water slide and their engineering featured an inclined loop rather than a standard vertical one. The slide is currently licensed and distributed by Canadian water slide manufacturer WhiteWater West, there are nearly 20 AquaLoop installations around the world. The first installation was in Slovenia in 2008, the largest collection is located at WetnWild Water World in Australia which houses 4 AquaLoops that opened in 2010.
WetnWild Water World was the first to install more than one AquaLoop at a single location, the AquaLoop uses a trap-door to release riders down a 17-metre near-vertical descent at a speed of up to 60 kilometres per hour. Riders experience 2.5 Gs in less than 2 seconds, the whole ride is over within 7 seconds. A bowl is a type of water slide where riders descend a steep drop into a round bowl and they circle the outer area of the bowl before exiting down through the middle. This style of water comes in various styles and is manufactured by ProSlide, WhiteWater West
The Grand Canyon is a steep-sided canyon carved by the Colorado River in the U. S. state of Arizona in North America. President Theodore Roosevelt was a proponent of preservation of the Grand Canyon area. The Grand Canyon is 277 miles long, up to 18 miles wide, since that time, the Colorado River has driven the down-cutting of the tributaries and retreat of the cliffs, simultaneously deepening and widening the canyon. For thousands of years, the area has been inhabited by Native Americans. The Pueblo people considered the Grand Canyon a holy site, the first European known to have viewed the Grand Canyon was García López de Cárdenas from Spain, who arrived in 1540. It is not the deepest canyon in the world, the Grand Canyon is known for its visually overwhelming size and its intricate and colorful landscape. Geologically, it is significant because of the sequence of ancient rocks that are well preserved and exposed in the walls of the canyon. These rock layers record much of the geologic history of the North American continent.
Uplift associated with mountain formation moved these sediments thousands of feet upward, the higher elevation has resulted in greater precipitation in the Colorado River drainage area, but not enough to change the Grand Canyon area from being semi-arid. The uplift of the Colorado Plateau is uneven, and the Kaibab Plateau that Grand Canyon bisects is over a one thousand feet higher at the North Rim than at the South Rim. Almost all runoff from the North Rim flows toward the Grand Canyon, the result is deeper and longer tributary washes and canyons on the north side and shorter and steeper side canyons on the south side. Temperatures on the North Rim are generally lower than those on the South Rim because of the greater elevation, heavy rains are common on both rims during the summer months. Access to the North Rim via the route leading to the canyon is limited during the winter season due to road closures. The Grand Canyon is part of the Colorado River basin which has developed over the past 40 million years, a recent study places the origins of the canyon beginning about 17 million years ago.
Previous estimates had placed the age of the canyon at 5–6 million years, the study, which was published in the journal Science in 2008, used uranium-lead dating to analyze calcite deposits found on the walls of nine caves throughout the canyon. There is an amount of controversy because this research suggests such a substantial departure from prior widely supported scientific consensus. In December 2012, a study published in the journal Science claimed new tests had suggested the Grand Canyon could be as old as 70 million years, the canyon is the result of erosion which exposes one of the most complete geologic columns on the planet. The major geologic exposures in the Grand Canyon range in age from the 2-billion-year-old Vishnu Schist at the bottom of the Inner Gorge to the 230-million-year-old Kaibab Limestone on the Rim