All Saints' Day
All Saints' Day known as All Hallows' Day, the Feast of All Saints, or Solemnity of All Saints, is a Christian festival celebrated in honour of all the saints and unknown. In Western Christianity, it is celebrated on 1 November by the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, the Methodist Church, the Lutheran Church, the Reformed Church, other Protestant churches; the Eastern Orthodox Church and associated Eastern Catholic Churches and Byzantine Lutheran Churches celebrate it on the first Sunday after Pentecost. Oriental Orthodox churches of Chaldea and associated Eastern Catholic churches celebrate All Saints' Day on the first Friday after Easter. In the Western Christian practice, the liturgical celebration begins at Vespers on the evening of 31 October, All Hallows' Eve, ends at the close of 1 November, it is thus the day before All Souls' Day. In many traditions, All Saints' Day is part of the season of Allhallowtide, which includes the three days from 31 October to 2 November inclusive and in some denominations, such as Anglicanism, extends to Remembrance Sunday.
On All Saints Day, it is common for families to attend church, as well as visit cemeteries in order to lay flowers and candles on the graves of their deceased loved ones. In Austria and Germany, godparents gift their godchildren Allerheiligenstriezel on All Saint's Day, while the practice of souling remains popular in Portugal, it is a national holiday in many Christian countries. The Christian celebration of All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day stems from a belief that there is a powerful spiritual bond between those in heaven, the living. In Catholic theology, the day commemorates all those who have attained the beatific vision in Heaven. In Methodist theology, All Saints Day revolves around "giving God solemn thanks for the lives and deaths of his saints", including those who are "famous or obscure"; as such, individuals throughout the Church Universal are honoured, such as Paul the Apostle, Augustine of Hippo and John Wesley, in addition to individuals who have led one to faith in Jesus, such as one's grandmother or friend.
In the British Isles, it is known that churches were celebrating All Saints on 1 November at the beginning of the 8th century to coincide with or replace the Celtic festival of Samhain. James Frazer suggests that 1 November was chosen because it was the date of the Celtic festival of the dead. However, Ronald Hutton points out that, according to Óengus of Tallaght, the 7th/8th century church in Ireland celebrated All Saints on 20 April, he suggests. The Eastern Orthodox Church, following the Byzantine tradition, commemorates all saints collectively on the first Sunday after Pentecost, All Saints' Sunday; the feast of All Saints achieved great prominence in the 9th century, in the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Leo VI "the Wise". His wife, Empress Theophano – commemorated on 16 December – lived a devout life. After her death in 893, her husband built a church; when he was forbidden to do so, he decided to dedicate it to "All Saints", so that if his wife were in fact one of the righteous, she would be honoured whenever the feast was celebrated.
According to tradition, it was Leo who expanded the feast from a commemoration of All Martyrs to a general commemoration of All Saints, whether martyrs or not. This Sunday marks the close of the Paschal season. To the normal Sunday services are added special scriptural readings and hymns to all the saints from the Pentecostarion. In the late spring, the Sunday following Pentecost Saturday is set aside as a commemoration of all locally venerated saints, such as "All Saints of America", "All Saints of Mount Athos", etc; the third Sunday after Pentecost may be observed for more localised saints, such as "All Saints of St. Petersburg", or for saints of a particular type, such as "New Martyrs of the Turkish Yoke". In addition to the Mondays mentioned above, Saturdays throughout the year are days for general commemoration of all saints, special hymns to all saints are chanted from the Octoechos; the celebration of 1 November in Lebanon as a holiday is the influence of Western Catholic orders present in Lebanon and is not Maronite in origin.
The traditional Maronite feast equivalent to the honor of all saints in their liturgical calendar is one of three Sundays in preparation for Lent called the Sunday of the Righteous and the Just. The following Sunday is the Sunday of the Faithful Departed. In East Syriac tradition the All Saints Day celebration falls on the first Friday after resurrection Sunday; this is because all departed faithful are saved by the blood of Jesus and they resurrected with the Christ. In east Syriac liturgy the departed souls are remembered on Friday. Church celebrates All souls day on Friday before the beginning of Great Fast; the Christian holiday of All Saints' Day falls on 1 November, followed by All Souls' Day on 2 November, is a Solemnity in the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church, a Festival in the Lutheran Churches, as well as a Principal Feast of the Anglican Communion. In the early days the Christians were accustomed to solemnise the anniversary of a martyr's death for Christ at the place of martyrdom.
In the 4th century, neighbouring dioceses began to interchange feasts, to transfer relics, to divide them, to join in a common feast.
2014 Toronto International Film Festival
The 39th annual Toronto International Film Festival was held in Canada from 4–14 September 2014. David Dobkin's film The Judge, starring Robert Downey Jr. and Robert Duvall was the opening night film. A Little Chaos, a British period drama directed by Alan Rickman and starring Kate Winslet closed the festival. More films for each section were announced on 12 August, with the line-up completed on 19 August. A total of 393 films were shown, including 143 world premieres; the first Friday was dubbed "Bill Murray Day", as festival organisers dedicated a day to the actor by screening a select number of his films for free. Black and White by Mike Binder Boychoir by François Girard The Connection by Cedric Jimenez The Equalizer by Antoine Fuqua Escobar: Paradise Lost by Andrea Di Stefano The Forger by Philip Martin Foxcatcher by Bennett Miller Haemoo by Shim Sung-bo Infinitely Polar Bear by Maya Forbes The Judge by David Dobkin Laggies by Lynn Shelton A Little Chaos by Alan Rickman Maps to the Stars by David Cronenberg The New Girlfriend by François Ozon Pawn Sacrifice by Ed Zwick The Riot Club by Lone Scherfig Ruth & Alex by Richard Loncraine Samba by Olivier Nakache and Eric Toledano This is Where I Leave You by Shawn Levy Wild by Jean-Marc Vallée 99 Homes by Ramin Bahrani American Heist by Sarik Andreasyan Before We Go by Chris Evans Beyond the Lights by Gina Prince-Bythewood Breakup Buddies by Ning Hao Cake by Daniel Barnz Clouds of Sils Maria by Olivier Assayas The Cobbler by Tom McCarthy Coming Home by Zhang Yimou The Dead Lands by Toa Fraser Dearest by Peter Ho-Sun Chan Don't Go Breaking My Heart 2 by Johnnie To The Drop by Michaël R. Roskam Eden by Mia Hansen-Løve Elephant Song by Charles Binamé An Eye for Beauty by Denys Arcand Far from Men by David Oelhoffen Force Majeure by Ruben Östlund The Gate by Régis Wargnier Gemma Bovery by Anne Fontaine Gentlemen by Mikael Marcimain Gomorrah by Stefano Sollima Good Kill by Andrew Niccol The Good Lie by Philippe Falardeau Hector and the Search for Happiness by Peter Chelsom Human Highway by Bernard Shakey and Dean Stockwell The Humbling by Barry Levinson Hungry Hearts by Saverio Costanzo The Imitation Game by Morten Tyldum Kahlil Gibran's The Prophet by Roger Allers, Gaëtan Brizzi, Paul Brizzi, Joan C.
Gratz, Mohammed Saeed Harib, Tomm Moore, Nina Paley, Bill Plympton, Joann Sfar and Michal Socha The Keeping Room by Daniel Barber The Last Five Years by Richard LaGravenese Learning to Drive by Isabel Coixet Love and Mercy by Bill Pohlad Madame Bovary by Sophie Bates Manglehorn by David Gordon Green Mary Kom by Omung Kumar Men and Children by Jason Reitman Miss Julie by Liv Ullmann Mommy by Xavier Dolan Mr. Turner by Mike Leigh My Old Lady by Israel Horovitz Ned Rifle by Hal Hartley Nightcrawler by Dan Gilroy October Gale by Ruba Nadda Pasolini by Abel Ferrara Phoenix by Christian Petzold Preggoland by Jacob Tierney Pride by Matthew Warchus The Reach by Jean-Baptiste Leonetti Red Amnesia by Wang Xiaoshuai Return to Ithaca by Laurent Cantet Revenge of the Green Dragons by Andrew Lau and Andrew Loo Roger Waters: The Wall by Sean Evans and Roger Waters Rosewater by Jon Stewart The Search by Michel Hazanavicius A Second Chance by Susanne Bier Shelter by Paul Bettany The Sound and the Fury by James Franco St. Vincent by Theodore Melfi Still Alice by Richard Glatzer, Wash Westmoreland The Theory of Everything by James Marsh Three Hearts by Benoît Jacquot Time Out of Mind by Oren Moverman Top Five by Chris Rock Two Days, One Night by Luc Dardenne and Jean-Pierre Dardenne Welcome to Me by Shira Piven While We're Young by Noah Baumbach Whiplash by Damien Chazelle Wild Tales by Damián Szifron Beats of the Antonov by Hajooj Kuka I Am Here by Lixin Fan Iraqi Odyssey by Samir Merchants of Doubt by Robert Kenner National Diploma by Dieudo Hamadi National Gallery by Frederick Wiseman Natural Resistance by Jonathan Nossiter The Price We Pay by Harold Crooks Red Army by Gabe Polsky Seymour: An Introduction by Ethan Hawke Silvered Water, Syria Self-Portrait by Ossama Mohammed and Wiam Simav Bedirxan Sunshine Superman by Marah Strauch Tales of the Grim Sleeper by Nick Broomfield The Look of Silence by Joshua Oppenheimer This Is My Land by Tamara Erde The Yes Men Are Revolting by Laura Nix and The Yes Men Roger & Me by Michael Moore The Wanted 18 by Amer Shomali and Paul Cowan 1001 Grams by Bent Hamer A Pigeon Sat on a Branch Reflecting on Existence by Roy Andersson The Face of an Angel by Michael Winterbottom Foreign Body by Krzysztof Zanussi The Golden Era by Ann Hui Goodbye to Language by Jean-Luc Godard Hill of Freedom by Hong Sang-soo Leviathan by Andrey Zvyagintsev Murder in Pacot by Raoul Peck Revivre by Im Kwon-taek The Tale of Princess Kaguya by Isao Takahata Timbuktu by Abderrahmane Sissako Trick or Treaty? by Alanis Obomsawin Winter Sleep by Nuri Bilge Ceylan 4 Apocalypse by Jaume Balagueró Big Game by Jalmari Heleander Cub by Jonas Govaerts The Editor by Adam Brooks and Matthew Kennedy Electric Boogaloo: The Wild, Untold Story of Cannon Films by Mark Hartley It Follows by David Robert Mitchell The Guest by Adam Wingard Tokyo Tribe by Sion Sono Tusk by Kevin Smith What We Do in the Shadows by Taika Waititi and Jemaine Clement Alleluia by Fabrice Du Welz The Duke of Burgundy by Peter Strickland Goodnight Mommy by Veronika Franz and Severin Fiala Hyena by Gerard Johnson Luna by Dave McKean Over Your Dead Body by Takashi Miike Shrew's Nest by Juanfer Andrés and Esteban Roel Spring by Justin Benson and Aaron Moorhead They Have Escaped by JP Valkeapää The Voices by Marjane Satrapi Waste Land by Pieter Van Hees The World of Kanako by Tetsuya Nakashima Aire libre by Anahí Berneri Amour Fou by Jessica Hausner Behavior by Ernesto Daranas Bird People by Pascale Ferran Black Souls by Francesco Munzi Breathe by Mélanie Laurent Charlie's Country by Rolf de Heer Cut Bank by Matt Shakman Cut Snake by Tony Ayres The Dark Horse by James Na
40th César Awards
The 40th César Awards ceremony, presented by the Académie des Arts et Techniques du Cinéma, honoured the best films of 2014 in France and took place on 20 February 2015 at the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris. The ceremony was chaired by actor-director Dany Boon, with actor Édouard Baer acting as master of ceremonies for the second time; the nominations were announced on 28 January 2015 by Édouard Baer and Academy President Alain Terzian. Saint Laurent received the most nominations with ten, followed by Love at First Fight with nine nominations. In related events, the Médaille d'Or was awarded for the first time at a ceremony held at Monnaie de Paris on 19 January 2015. Luc Besson was honoured by the Academy for his outstanding artistic and entrepreneurial contribution to the French cinema for the past 3 decades. On 16 February 2015, in a ceremony at the Four Seasons Hotel George V, Sylvie Pialat, who produced Timbuktu via Les Films du Worso, was awarded the Prix Daniel Toscan du Plantier for producer of the year for the second consecutive year.
Timbuktu won seven awards including Best Director for Abderrahmane Sissako. Other winners included Love at First Fight with three awards, Yves Saint Laurent, Clouds of Sils Maria, La Famille Bélier, Saint Laurent and the Beast, The Salt of the Earth, Minuscule: Valley of the Lost Ants, Les Petits Cailloux, La Femme de Rio and Mommy with one; the following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards at the ceremony. The show was followed by 2.3 millions of viewers. This corresponds to 13.6% of the audience. 20th Lumières Awards 5th Magritte Awards 27th European Film Awards 87th Academy Awards 68th British Academy Film Awards César Awards official website 40th César Awards on IMDb 40th César Awards at AlloCiné
Louise Grinberg, is a French actress. She made her film debut in 2008 in the French drama The Class; the film won a Golden Palm at Cannes. After participating in this film, she decided to become an actress, she played the lead role in the 2011 film 17 Girls. The following year she played the daughter of Denis Ménochet in the romantic comedy Je me suis fait tout petit. In 2014, she appeared with Thomas Solivéres and Samy Seghir, she is the niece of actress Anouk Grinberg. Louise Grinberg on IMDb
Mélanie Laurent is a French actress, pianist and director. Born in Paris to a Jewish family, she was introduced to acting at the age of sixteen by Gérard Depardieu, who cast her in a minor role in the romantic drama The Bridge; the recipient of two César Awards, an Étoiles d'or du cinéma français, a Lumières Award, Laurent has established herself as an accomplished actress in the French film industry. Laurent gained recognition for her supporting work in several French films, most notably the 2006 comedy Dikkenek, for which she won Étoiles d'Or for Best Female Newcomer, her breakthrough role came in the 2006 drama film Don't Worry, I'm Fine, for which she won the César Award for Most Promising Actress and the Prix Romy Schneider. Laurent made her Hollywood debut in 2009 with the starring role as Shosanna Dreyfus in Quentin Tarantino's blockbuster war film Inglourious Basterds, she garnered critical acclaim for her performance and won the Online Film Critics Society and the Austin Film Critics Association Best Actress Awards.
While she has worked in independent films, including Paris and Enemy, Laurent appeared in commercially successful Hollywood films, including the comedy drama Beginners, the caper film Now You See Me, the former earning her a nomination at the San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actress. Laurent's other notable works include the art-house drama The Round Up, the comedy drama Et soudain, tout le monde me manque, the mystery thriller Night Train to Lisbon, she is known for voicing Mary Katherine and Disgust in the French dubs of Epic and Inside Out respectively. Additionally, Laurent starred in Chris Weitz's 2018 drama Operation Finale with Oscar Isaac and Ben Kingsley, telling the story of the capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann. In addition to her film career, Laurent has appeared in stage productions in France, she made her theater debut in 2010 in Nicolas Bedos's Promenade de santé. The short film De moins en moins marked her debut as a filmmaker, her feature film directorial debut is The Adopted.
Respire, her second production as a director, was screened at the International Critics' Week section at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival. She made her singing debut with a studio album En t'attendant in May 2011. Mélanie Laurent was born in Paris, France the daughter of Annick, a ballerina, Pierre Laurent, a voiceover actor, she is Jewish, of both Sephardic ancestry. Her grandfather was deported from Poland during the Nazi occupation, her maternal grandparents were film poster editors. She grew up in the 9th arrondissement of Paris. Laurent visited the set of Asterix and Obelix with the latter's father, her acting career began when actor Gérard Depardieu, seeing Laurent there, asked her if she wanted to be in films. Laurent replied, "Why not?". He advised her not to take acting classes because he believed she had the necessary skills; when Laurent was 16, Depardieu gave her a part in The Bridge, a drama he starred in and co-directed with Fréderic Auburtin. Laurent played the role of Lisbeth Daboval, the daughter of one of the protagonists of the film, Claire Daboval.
Laurent played minor roles in a number of films early in her career. She appeared in Michel Blanc's drama Summer Things, Jackie Chan's comedy-drama Rice Rhapsody, Jacques Audiard's drama The Beat That My Heart Skipped and the war film Days of Glory about the Free French Forces. Laurent's breakthrough role came in 2006, when she played a sullen 19-year-old who longed for her lost twin brother, in Philippe Lioret's Don't Worry, I'm Fine, she won a César Award for Most Promising Actress for her performance. In a review for Variety, Ronnie Scheib praised Laurent and wrote that she, "makes her vibrant character’s downward spiral believable without indulging in moody sullenness"; that same year and Belgian actor Jérémie Renier were awarded France's Romy Schneider and Jean Gabin Prizes for most promising actor and actress. Laurent starred in the Franco-Belgian Dikkenek, a comedy directed by Olivier Van Hoofstadt that has attained a cult film over the years owing to its Belgian-style humour, in which she co-starred alongside Marion Cotillard, Jérémie Renier, Jean-Luc Couchard and Dominique Pinon.
For her performance in the film, Laurent won the Étoiles d'Or for Best Female Newcomer. In 2007, Laurent appeared in films including Hidden Love, she was nominated for the Lumières Award for Best Actress for her performance in La Chambre des morts. Laurent next appeared in Cédric Klapisch's 2008 comedy drama Paris, a French film concerning a diverse group of people; the film has an ensemble cast including Laurent, Juliette Binoche, Romain Duris, Fabrice Luchini, François Cluzet. The film was well received by the critics with praise directed majorly towards Laurent and the rest of its cast. Laurent was scheduled to direct her first play, Mi-cuit cœur pistache in January 2009 at the Théâtre Marigny in Paris, she had to abandon the project when she was cast as Shosanna Dreyfus, a Parisian who seeks revenge on Nazis in the Quentin Tarantino film Inglourious Basterds alongside Brad Pitt, Diane Kruger and Christoph Waltz. It was a French-language role; the film was a huge commercial and critical success, grossing over $321 million in theaters worldwide.
Laurent's performance was praised by several cr
Anne Marivin is a French actress. She has appeared in more than fifty film and television productions since 1994. Marivin was noticed in television appearances such as Tel père, tel flic and Père et Maire, progressed from roles in television to cinema, she has appeared in films such as Ah! si j'étais riche, Mon Idole, Podium, Narco, A Ticket to Space, Bienvenue chez les Ch'tis. She was born in Oise, she is the partner of the designer Joachim Roncin. Anne Marivin on IMDb Anne Marivin at AlloCiné Anne Marivin Biography at Premiere.fr
The Adopted is a 2011 French drama film directed and co-written by Mélanie Laurent. It stars Marie Denarnaud, Denis Ménochet, Laurent and Clémentine Célarié. Denis Ménochet won a Lumières Award for Most Promising Actor for his performance in the film. Marie Denarnaud as Marine Denis Ménochet as Alex Clémentine Célarié as Millie Mélanie Laurent as Lisa Audrey Lamy as Clémence Théodore Maquet-Foucher as Léo Morgan Perez as Philippe The Adopted on IMDb