Quantico is a town in Prince William County, United States. The population was 480 at the 2010 census. Quantico is located just south of the Quantico Creek; the word Quantico is a derivation of the name of a Doeg village recorded by English colonists as Pamacocack. Quantico is surrounded on three sides by one of the largest U. S. Marine Corps bases, Marine Corps Base Quantico; the base is the site of the Marine Corps Combat Development Command and HMX-1, Officer Candidate School, The Basic School. The United States Drug Enforcement Administration's training academy, the FBI Academy, the FBI Laboratory, the Naval Criminal Investigative Service, the United States Army Criminal Investigation Command, the Air Force Office of Special Investigations headquarters are on the base. A replica of the USMC War Memorial stands at the entrance to the base; as of 2013, the mayor is Kevin P. Brown. Quantico is at 38 ° 77 ° 17' 23" West. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.1 square miles, of which, 0.1 square miles of it is land and none of the area is covered with water.
Quantico has a humid subtropical climate. As of the census of 2000, there were 561 people, 295 households, 107 families living in the town; the population density was 7,811.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 359 housing units at an average density of 4,998.6 per square mile. The racial makeup was 61.32% White, 20.32% African American, 10.16% Asian, 0.36% Native American, 2.32% from other races, 5.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.53% of the population. There were 295 households out of which 19.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 21.4% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 63.4% were non-families. 53.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.90 and the average family size was 3.02. In the town the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 39.8% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 122.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 130.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $26,250, the median income for a family was $27,596. Males had a median income of $29,615 versus $23,125 for females; the per capita income for the town was $19,087. About 22.4% of families and 21.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.4% of those under the age of 18 and none of those ages 65 or older. There are no significant highways passing through Quantico. All road vehicles must pass through MCB Quantico. Therefore, all vehicle drivers must present a valid driver’s license to the military security officer stationed at the gate, may be required to state their destination and reason for visiting. More thorough searches and checks may be undertaken, according to the discretion and authority of base security. Amtrak and Virginia Railway Express trains stop at the Quantico station. Railway passengers are not subject to the same treatment as those using road vehicles.
Robert L. Crawford, Jr. actor on Laramie Geof Isherwood, artist Shelby Lynne, singer, producer, owner of Everso Records, actress Langley, Virginia Behavioral Analysis Unit Hostage Rescue Team Marine Corps Base Quantico Quantico station Quantico National Cemetery Town of Quantico Prince William County Government Dumfries Magisterial District Supervisor FBI
Dumfries the Town of Dumfries, is a town in Prince William County, Virginia. The population was 4,961 at the 2010 United States Census. Dumfries is located at 38°34′4″N 77°19′29″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.6 square miles, all of it land. The town is situated 78 miles north of Richmond, it is 25 miles/40 km south of central Washington, D. C; the history of Dumfries began as early as 1690 when Richard Gibson erected a gristmill on Quantico Creek. A customhouse and warehouse followed in 1731, many others cropped up along the estuary by 1732; the Town of Dumfries was formally established on 60 acres of land at the head of the harbor of Quantico Creek, provided by John Graham. He named the town after his birthplace, Scotland. After much political maneuvering, the General Assembly established Dumfries as the first of seven townships in the county. Dumfries received its charter on May 11, 1749, making it the oldest continuously chartered town in Virginia.
The Ceremonial Seal of the Town of Dumfries embodies elements of its heritage, from the period of 1651, when the first patents were issued to colonists, who following the Potomac recognized the value of a snug harbor in Quantico Creek. Thus the foundations for the establishment of a town, which in 1749 received its charter from the Colonial government in Williamsburg, Virginia; the elements of the seal are contained within the pattern formed by the outer frame of a hawser rope or cable, the inner frame of an anchor chain, of a type employed in ships of the Colonial era. Within these frames are found items which are consistent with a town of maritime background, they are overlaid on a chart of the Chesapeake Bay and the Potomac River, with Dumfries indicated at the head of Quantico Creek. The navigational aids of the sextant and compass rose complete the maritime motif; the two water fowl relate to the wetlands of Quantico Creek. The dock with fishnet, ships block and line further the theme of a mercantile port of call.
The thistle indicates the Scottish founders of the town, with the name of Dumfries, taken by John Graham, the founder, in honor of his home in Scotland. The supporters of the shield are, on the left, a Piscataway brave, of the Powhatan Confederacy, the predominant tribe along the Potomac, in this area. On the right, a Colonial militiaman of 1775, when Colonel Henry Lee was company Commander; the shield in its upper quadrant, displays a sailing vessel of the period, below the tobacco leaf, the first commodity, overlaid with shafts of wheat, the commodity that supported the town. When Dumfries became the second leading port in Colonial America receiving tobacco from the upland, it rivaled New York and Boston. Dumfries peaked in size and importance in 1763. For about 15 years Dumfries was a thriving port when several factors brought about its demise: the Revolutionary War and siltation, the shift in the main shipping commodity; the Dumfries Cemetery contains burials of some of the Dumfries pioneers.
Alexander Henderson built a house known as the Henderson House which still stands on a hill in Dumfries, as well as owning various land in Prince William Forest Park. Alexander was a merchant. Alexander is famous for United States Marine Corps commandant Archibald Henderson; the Leesylvania Archeological Site, Old Hotel, Weems-Botts Museum are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Dumfries was combined with the community of Triangle, Virginia to form Dumfries-Triangle in the 1950 United States Census. However, the two communities were separated again by the time of the 1960 census; as of the census of 2000, there were 4,937 people, 1,573 households, 1,198 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,085.6 people per square mile. There were 1,699 housing units at an average density of 1,061.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 48.91% White, 35.26% Black, 0.63% Native American, 1.07% Asian, 3.73% from other races, 8.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.06% of the population.
There were 1,573 households out of which 46.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 19.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.8% were non-families. Of all households 16.5% were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.13 and the average family size was 3.51. In the town, the population was spread out with 35.0% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 33.6% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, 4.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males. The median income for a household in the town was $43,672, the median income for a family was $46,927. Males had a median income of $35,247 versus $24,451 for females; the per capita income for the town was $17,652. About 10.4% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.
Dumfries is part of Virginia's 31st House of Delegates district. Primary road transportation to Dumfries is provided by U. S. Route 1. Virginia State Route 234 and Interstate 95 are directly adjacent to Dumfries. George Graham, acting U. S. Secretary of War was born in Dumfries. Alexander Henderson, merchant Kendall Marshall, professional basketball player Ali Krieger, professional soccer player M
Virginia the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains. Virginia is nicknamed the "Old Dominion" due to its status as the first English colonial possession established in mainland North America and "Mother of Presidents" because eight U. S. presidents were born there, more than any other state. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna; the capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond. The Commonwealth's estimated population as of 2018 is over 8.5 million. The area's history begins with several indigenous groups, including the Powhatan. In 1607 the London Company established the Colony of Virginia as the first permanent New World English colony. Slave labor and the land acquired from displaced Native American tribes each played a significant role in the colony's early politics and plantation economy.
Virginia was one of the 13 Colonies in the American Revolution. In the American Civil War, Virginia's Secession Convention resolved to join the Confederacy, Virginia's First Wheeling Convention resolved to remain in the Union. Although the Commonwealth was under one-party rule for nearly a century following Reconstruction, both major national parties are competitive in modern Virginia; the Virginia General Assembly is the oldest continuous law-making body in the New World. The state government was ranked most effective by the Pew Center on the States in both 2005 and 2008, it is unique in how it treats cities and counties manages local roads, prohibits its governors from serving consecutive terms. Virginia's economy has many sectors: agriculture in the Shenandoah Valley. S. Department of Defense and Central Intelligence Agency. Virginia has a total area of 42,774.2 square miles, including 3,180.13 square miles of water, making it the 35th-largest state by area. Virginia is bordered by Maryland and Washington, D.
C. to the north and east. Virginia's boundary with Maryland and Washington, D. C. extends to the low-water mark of the south shore of the Potomac River. The southern border is defined as the 36° 30′ parallel north, though surveyor error led to deviations of as much as three arcminutes; the border with Tennessee was not settled until 1893, when their dispute was brought to the U. S. Supreme Court; the Chesapeake Bay separates the contiguous portion of the Commonwealth from the two-county peninsula of Virginia's Eastern Shore. The bay was formed from the drowned river valleys of the James River. Many of Virginia's rivers flow into the Chesapeake Bay, including the Potomac, Rappahannock and James, which create three peninsulas in the bay; the Tidewater is a coastal plain between the fall line. It includes major estuaries of Chesapeake Bay; the Piedmont is a series of sedimentary and igneous rock-based foothills east of the mountains which were formed in the Mesozoic era. The region, known for its heavy clay soil, includes the Southwest Mountains around Charlottesville.
The Blue Ridge Mountains are a physiographic province of the Appalachian Mountains with the highest points in the state, the tallest being Mount Rogers at 5,729 feet. The Ridge and Valley region includes the Great Appalachian Valley; the region includes Massanutten Mountain. The Cumberland Plateau and the Cumberland Mountains are in the southwest corner of Virginia, south of the Allegheny Plateau. In this region, rivers flow northwest, into the Ohio River basin; the Virginia Seismic Zone has not had a history of regular earthquake activity. Earthquakes are above 4.5 in magnitude, because Virginia is located away from the edges of the North American Plate. The largest earthquake, at an estimated 5.9 magnitude, was in 1897 near Blacksburg. A 5.8 magnitude earthquake struck central Virginia on August 2011, near Mineral. The earthquake was felt as far away as Toronto and Florida. 35 million years ago, a bolide impacted. The resulting Chesapeake Bay impact crater may explain what earthquakes and subsidence the region does experience.
Coal mining takes place in the three mountainous regions at 45 distinct coal beds near Mesozoic basins. Over 64 million tons of other non-fuel resources, such as slate, sand, or gravel, were mined in Virginia in 2018; the state's carbonate rock is filled with more than 4,000 caves, ten of which are open for tourism, including the popular Luray Caverns and Skyline Caverns. The climate of Virginia is humid subtropical and becomes warmer and more humid farther south and east. Seasonal extremes vary from average lows of 26 °F in January to average highs of 86 °F in July; the Atlantic Ocean has a strong effect on southeastern coastal areas of the state. Influenced by the Gulf Stream, coastal weather is subject to hurricanes, most pronouncedly near the mouth of Chesapeake Bay. In spite of its position adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean the coastal areas have a significant continental influence with quite large temperature differences between summ
National Park Service
The National Park Service is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. It was created on August 25, 1916, by Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act and is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior; the NPS is charged with a dual role of preserving the ecological and historical integrity of the places entrusted to its management, while making them available and accessible for public use and enjoyment. As of 2018, the NPS employs 27,000 employees who oversee 419 units, of which 61 are designated national parks. National parks and national monuments in the United States were individually managed under the auspices of the Department of the Interior; the movement for an independent agency to oversee these federal lands was spearheaded by business magnate and conservationist Stephen Mather, as well as J. Horace McFarland. With the help of journalist Robert Sterling Yard, Mather ran a publicity campaign for the Department of the Interior.
They wrote numerous articles that praised the scenic and historic qualities of the parks and their possibilities for educational and recreational benefits. This campaign resulted in the creation of a National Park Service. On August 25, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson signed a bill that mandated the agency "to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and wildlife therein, to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations." Mather became the first director of the newly formed NPS. On March 3, 1933, President Herbert Hoover signed the Reorganization Act of 1933; the act would allow the President to reorganize the executive branch of the United States government. It wasn't until that summer when the new President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, made use of this power. Deputy Director Horace M. Albright had suggested to President Roosevelt that the historic sites from the American Civil War should be managed by the National Park Service, rather than the War Department.
President Roosevelt issued two Executive orders to make it happen. These two executive orders not only transferred to the National Park Service all the War Department historic sites, but the national monuments managed by the Department of Agriculture and the parks in and around the capital, run by an independent office. In 1951, Conrad Wirth became director of the National Park Service and went to work on bringing park facilities up to the standards that the public expected; the demand for parks after the end of the World War II had left the parks overburdened with demands that could not be met. In 1952, with the support of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, he began Mission 66, a ten-year effort to upgrade and expand park facilities for the 50th anniversary of the Park Service. New parks were added to preserve unique resources and existing park facilities were upgraded and expanded. In 1966, as the Park Service turned 50 years old, emphasis began to turn from just saving great and wonderful scenery and unique natural features to making parks accessible to the public.
Director George Hartzog began the process with the creation of the National Lakeshores and National Recreation Areas. Since its inception in 1916, the National Park Service has managed each of the United States' national parks, which have grown in number over the years to 60. Yellowstone National Park was the first national park in the United States. In 1872, there was no state government to manage it, so the federal government assumed direct control. Yosemite National Park began as a state park. Yosemite was returned to federal ownership. At first, each national park was managed independently, with varying degrees of success. In Yellowstone, the civilian staff was replaced by the U. S. Army in 1886. Due to the irregularities in managing these national treasures, Stephen Mather petitioned the federal government to improve the situation. In response, Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane challenged him to lobby for creating a new agency, the National Park Service, to manage all national parks and some national monuments.
Mather was successful with the ratification of the National Park Service Organic Act in 1916. The agency was given authority over other protected areas, many with varying designations as Congress created them; the National Park System includes. The title or designation of a unit need not include the term park; the System as a whole is considered to be a national treasure of the United States, some of the more famous national parks and monuments are sometimes referred to metaphorically as "crown jewels". The system encompasses 84.4 million acres, of which more than 4.3 million acres remain in private ownership. The largest unit is Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska. At 13,200,000 acres, it is over 16 percent of the entire system; the smallest unit in the system is Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial, Pennsylvania, at 0.02 acre. In addition to administering its units and other properties, the National Park Service provides technical and financial assistance to several "affiliated areas" authorized by Congress.
The largest affiliated area is New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve at 1,164,025 acres. The smallest is Benjamin Franklin National Memorial at less than 0.01 acres. Although all units of the Nat
Stafford County, Virginia
Stafford County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It is a suburb outside of Washington D. C, it is 40 miles south of D. C; as of the 2010 census, the population was 128,961. Its county seat is Stafford. Located across the Rappahannock River from the City of Fredericksburg, Stafford County is part of the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 2006, again in 2009, Stafford was ranked by Forbes magazine as the 11th highest-income county in the United States. For thousands of years, various cultures of indigenous peoples succeeded each other in their territories along the Potomac River and its tributaries. By the time of English colonization, there were 32 Algonquian-speaking American Indian tribes in the present-day coastal Tidewater Virginia area, including those of the Patawomeck and numerous tribes that were part of the Powhatan Confederacy; the former small tribe, still centered in Stafford County, was recognized by the state of Virginia in 2010.
The Native Americans' first recorded encounter with Europeans in this area was in 1608, with John Smith of the Jamestown Settlement. During a time of recurring tension between the early English colonists and local Native Americans, the colonists led by Samuel Argall captured Chief Powhatan's daughter, while she was living with her husband, Kocoum; the colonists took her from the eastern part of this county, to a secondary English settlement, known as Henricus. Alexander Whitaker converted Pocahontas to Christianity during her captivity, he renamed her as "Rebecca" at her baptism. Rebecca/Pocahontas married English colonist John Rolfe on April 1614 in Jamestown, their mixed-race descendants were among the First Families of Virginia. The English colonial government of Virginia imposed its own order on peoples. In 1664 it established Stafford County from territory part of Westmoreland County, it was named after England. As delineated, Stafford County included a much larger area than its current borders.
As population grew, the following counties and jurisdictions were created: Arlington and Prince William counties, the City of Alexandria. It is part of the area now considered Northern Virginia. George Washington spent much of his childhood in the lower part of the county at his family's home Ferry Farm, along the Rappahannock River across from Fredericksburg. Colonial Forge High School was built on a tract of land owned in colonial times by his father Augustine Washington. George Mason, another Founding Father lived in Stafford during his formative years,Aquia Church, built in 1757, is unusual among local structures for having been designed on the plan of a Greek cross rather than the more standard Roman Cross design. In addition, Aquia Church has a rare three-tiered pulpit; the Episcopal church continues to be active today. Stafford County industry and resources were important to early nation. During the Revolutionary War, the Stafford ironworks furnished arms for the colonial rebel soldiers.
Aquia Creek sandstone, quarried from Government Island, was used to build the White House and the U. S. Capitol. During the American Civil War, the county was part of the battlegrounds, occupied by more than 100,000 troops for several years. In 1862, before and after the Battle of Fredericksburg, some 10,000 African-American slaves left area plantations and city households to cross the Rappahannock River, reaching the Union lines and gaining freedom; this exodus and Trail of Freedom is commemorated by historical markers on both sides of the river, in Fredericksburg and in Stafford County. The Battle of Aquia Creek took place in the Aquia Harbour area. Both the Union Army and Confederate Army struggled to control the strategic Potomac Creek Bridge at various times during the war. Falmouth, a town bordering Fredericksburg, was the home of late-19th century American Impressionist artist Gari Melchers, his house, still stands and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Stafford County has developed as part of the Washington, D.
C. metropolitan area, the seat of government and numerous major defense installations. Marine Corps Base Quantico in neighboring Prince William County, occupies northern areas of this county. Many residents commute north to work there and in other defense and federal facilities, as well as private companies, in Washington, DC and its environs on Interstate Highway 95, U. S. Route 1, by Virginia Railway Express. In the early morning hours of May 9, 2008, a tornado touched down in the southern part of the county damaging about 140 suburban homes; the county was affected by "Snowmageddon," the massive blizzards of December 2009 and February 2010. Stafford received some of the heaviest snow in the D. C. metropolitan area, with about 25 inches of snow in December, 19 inches in February. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 280 square miles, of which 269 square miles is land and 11 square miles is water; the Potomac River flows along part of the eastern border of the county, while the Rappahannock River runs along the extent of the county's southern border.
The independent city of Fredericksburg developed at the fall line of the river, supporting mills run by water power. To the northwest of there is the Piedmont area. Aquia Creek empties into the tidal segment of the Potomac River at Brent Point in Stafford County. Rappahannock River Potomac River Aquia Creek The county is divided into seven magisterial districts: George Washington, Falmouth, Griff
White House (Brentsville, Virginia)
The White House in Brentsville, Virginia was built in 1822. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1989, it is significant as "the finest example of Federal, residential architecture in Brentsville, Virginia" and is the oldest surviving house in the village. It was first the home of a prominent widow, said to have been the first post-mistress in either Prince William County, or the State of Virginia, is believed to have been a social gathering place. Lived in from 1941 through the 1990s by Agnes Webster and her family The house is a two-story Federal style gabled brick building, with double chimneys at each end; the brickwork is 5 course American bond in the rear. Brentsville.com Historical Markers database White House, State Route 619, Manassas, VA: 1 photo at Historic American Buildings Survey
Gainesville is a census-designated place in western Prince William County, United States. The population was 11,481 in the 2010 census. Gainesville was once a changing point for stagecoach horses on the Alexandria Turnpike. In 1752, Thomas Jefferson reached the stop became Gainesville, it was a shipping point for grain and cattle and remained a major cattle shipping point into the early 1960s. During the American Civil War, nearby Thoroughfare Gap in the Bull Run Mountains served as a path for soldiers to reach the First and Second battles of Bull Run. In 1994, the groundbreaking for Gainesville's first townhome community began; this marked the beginning of mass-development for Gainesville. In 2006, the VDOT began working on the Gainesville Interchange improvement project, with construction starting in July 2011, in order to ease the traffic in the growing Gainesville-Haymarket area, it was completed on July 9, 2015. Gainesville is located at 38°47′41″N 77°37′14″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 10.3 square miles, of which 9.7 square miles is land and 0.6 square mile is water.
Gainesville has a humid subtropical climate, with mild winters with brief cold snaps, hot and humid summers with frequent thunderstorms. Spring and autumn are pleasantly warm. January is the coldest month with highs around 45 °F and lows around 25 °F. July is the warmest month, with highs around 90 °F and lows around 65 °F. Gainesville is the third-largest CDP in Prince William County. At the 2010 census, there were 11,481 people, 3,959 households and 3,100 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 1,150.2 per square mile. There were 10,300 housing units at an average density of 189.6/sq mi. At the 2000 census, there were 4,382 people, 1,719 households, 1,304 families residing in the CDPhe racial makeup of the CDP was 88.77% White, 6.80% African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.37% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.53% from other races, 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.77% of the population. There were 10,300 households of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.1% were non-families.
18.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.91. 24.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 36.7% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males. The median household income was $76,300 and the median family income was $82,627. Males had a median income of $46,934 and females $40,385; the per capita income was $35,196. About 1.9% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 0.6% of those age 65 or over. Danica Roem represents Gainesville in the Virginia House of Delegates. Major commercial and residential development has taken place since 2000, resulting in Gainesville having six large shopping centers; the intersection of I-66 and Lee Highway has the largest shopping center with big box stores, such as Target Supercenter, Lowe's, Best Buy, DSW, many other stores and restaurants.
Somerset Crossing has a Bank Of America, Wells Fargo, other shops. Close to US-15 are a Staples, Wegmans Food Markets, Michael's, Harris Teeter; the Promenade at Virginia Gateway was developed by The Peterson Companies, including BJ's Warehouse, which opened in January 2012, Regal Theaters which opened in late 2013. A proposed Haymarket / Gainesville railway station extension for the VRE was scheduled to open in 2022, connecting the region via commuter rail to Fairfax County and Washington, D. C; however the project was voted down by the VRE Operations Board, in favor of expanding services to the existing station in Broad Run. Official Website of Prince William County Gainesville Community Website