The Celestials are a group of fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Immensely powerful and of huge humanoid shape, the Celestials are some of the oldest entities in the Marvel Comics universe, they debuted in the Bronze Age of Comic Books and have appeared in Marvel publications for four decades. They try to harness the power of the infinity stones; the Celestials were created by writer-artist Jack Kirby. They reappeared as regular guest stars in three subsequent limited series sequels: Eternals vol. 2, #1–12, Eternals vol. 3, #1–7, Eternals vol. 4, #1–9. The characters have been featured in other titles, including the "Celestial Saga" storyline in Thor Annual #7, Thor #283 – 300, Thor #387–389, Quasar #24, Fantastic Four #400, X-Factor #43–46 and #48–50; the first detailed account of the Celestials' origin was presented in Ultimates 2 #6. The origin of the Celestials has long been unknown, with many species across the mainstream Marvel universe having only legends about their beginning, none of which have been validated.
There have been major revelations about the origin and nature of the Celestials by the mysterious cosmic entity called the Queen of Nevers. At the beginning of creation itself, countless billions of years ago, before the current Cosmic Order, creation was composed of a single and sentient universe, whose omnipotent intelligence was referred to as the First Firmament. For countless ages, the First Firmament was the sole being in creation, until its loneliness became unbearable, it decided to create the first life in Creation to give it companions as well as servants—an act that it would come to regret. These servants were cosmic beings of a lesser order of power and were of two kinds: black and multicolored humanoid servants; the black servants dutifully worshiped their creator. They created their own servants and sought to preserve the simple order their creator had made complete and unchanging for all time; the First Firmament named these loyal beings Aspirants and was pleased by their goals and desire to maintain the status quo of its reign.
However, the multicolored ones had different values and desires from the Aspirants. Considered "rebels" by the First Firmament, they wanted a dynamic and continually evolving Reality where beings lived, reproduced and died in order to improve themselves through evolution; the rebels wanted this with the ultimate long term goal of producing superior cosmic beings with the power to create universes of their own and for the universe to evolve with them as they advanced towards that state. These were the beings whom one day would be called by lesser life forms, "The Celestials"; the two opposing factions of the First Firmament's children could not peacefully co-exist and the ensuing war nearly destroyed the first universe. At some point during the war, the Aspirants created a now-lost hyper weapon called the Godkiller, a space-borne 25,000 foot tall humanoid robot that dwarfed the Celestials themselves, it was powered by a cosmic artifact called the Heart of The Voldi and operated by genetically engineered pilots.
During the war, the Godkiller destroyed countless billions of Celestials and brought them to the brink of extinction. At this point, for unknown reasons, a civil war broke out among the Aspirants that led to the Godkiller being stripped of critical parts for weapons; this division within the Aspirants gave the Celestials a chance to recover and make their last stand. In the final battle against the Aspirants, the Celestials detonated their ultimate weapons that tore the First Firmament apart and nearly killed it. In a desperate act of self-preservation, the core essence of the First Firmament took the surviving Aspirants and fled outside Reality. In the wake of its near destruction, the major fragments of the First Universe that were torn off coalesced into a new cosmic being, one with multiple realities comprising it: Eternity; this was the birth of the First Multiverse. After the birth of the first Eternity, the "rebels" settled inside him and began their vast plan to create and nurture transitory but evolving life on the newborn worlds within, a general outline of the basic plan the Celestials follow for shaping the evolution of life on a chosen planet after it develops primitive sentient life.
This initial visit is called a First Host of Celestials, after the chosen planet has been judged to possess the needed properties for an effective "seeding". The Celestials return for follow-up visits or "Hosts", during which they monitor the subject planet's progress and make whatever modifications or interventions they deem appropriate; these Hosts have been documented on Earth, have been found on many other planets throughout the universe. Other major examples include the Skrull homeworld, hundreds of millions of years ago, numerous Sh'iar worlds, such as Gladiator's homeworld. Collecting a number of natives during the Stone Age, they begin genetic experimentation that determines the future development of that species, they create three subspecies from the natives: Eternals, a majority "normal" strain that may or may not be modified in some manner that enhances its long term development. For example, the Celestials first visited Earth nearly a million years ago and implanted a special genetic code into the early hominids.
This implanted DNA structure has been revealed to be not only the sou
Brethren of the Croatian Dragon
The Brethren of the Croatian Dragon is a Croatian historical and cultural society established in 1905. In 1907, the Brethren claimed to have found the remains of Petar Zrinski and Fran Krsto Frankopan, by 1919 those were moved to the Zagreb Cathedral. During the Independent State of Croatia, the Brethren was made into a Knight's Order in 1941; the Brethren was restored in 1945 before being banned in Communist Yugoslavia in 1946. It was reestablished in 1990. Emilij Laszowski Milutin Mayer Mladen Deželić Antun Bauer Đuro Deželić Juraj Kolarić Matija Salaj Dragutin Feletar Nevio Šetić Guillovic Bonifacewski Zvonimir Šeparović Milan Bandić Official website
Brethren of the Coast
The Brethren or Brethren of the Coast were a loose coalition of pirates and privateers known as buccaneers and active in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries in the Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. They were a syndicate of captains with letters of marque and reprisal who regulated their privateering enterprises within the community of privateers and with their outside benefactors, they were private individual merchant mariners of Protestant background of English and French origin. During their heyday, when the Thirty Years War was devastating the Protestant communities of France and the Netherlands while England was engaged in various conflicts, the privateers of these nationalities were issued letters of marque to raid Catholic French and Spanish shipping and territories. Based on the island of Tortuga off the coast of Haiti and in the city of Port Royal on the island of Jamaica, the original Brethren were French Huguenot and British Protestants, but their ranks were joined by other adventurers of various nationalities including Spaniards, African sailors, as well as escaped slaves and outlaws of various sovereigns.
In keeping with their Protestant and Common Law heritage, the Brethren were governed by codes of conduct that favored legislative decision-making, hierarchical command authority, individual rights, equitable division of revenues. Henry Morgan was the most famous member of the Brethren and the one credited with codifying its organization. However, following the demographic changes which featured the rise of slave labor in the Caribbean islands, most maritime families moved to the mainland colonies of the future United States or to their home countries. A few, unable to compete with slave labor, enamored of easy riches, or out of angst, continued to maintain the Brethren of the Coasts as a purely criminal organization which preyed upon all civilian maritime shipping; this second era of the Brethren began the age of piracy and brigandage which affected the Caribbean until socioeconomic and military changes of the late 18th and early 19th century broke its back. Many pirates made their journeys there.
A fictionalized, romanticized version of the Brethren was featured in the Pirates of the Caribbean films. Piracy in the Caribbean Pirate Republic Victual Brothers Kemp, Peter Christopher Lloyd. Brethren of the Coast: The British and French Buccaneers of the South Sea. New York: St. Martin, 1960, 1961. Marx, Jennifer. Pirates and Privateers of the Caribbean. Melbourne, Florida: Krieger, 1992
Fortune de France
Fortune de France is a sequence of 13 historical novels by French author Robert Merle, published between 1977 and 2003. The series is about 16th and 17th century France through the eyes of a fictitious Huguenot doctor-turned-spy Pierre de Siorac, it made Merle a household name in France, with the author called the Alexandre Dumas of the 20th century. As of 2014, Fortune de France had sold over five million copies in France; the series spans the years 1547 to 1661, shadowing the European wars of religion of the 16th and 17th centuries. In the first novel, veteran soldiers Jean de Siorac and Jean de Sauveterre settle into Château Mespech in Périgord, a beautiful but dangerous region of France far from the influence of the king. Staunch royalists but devoted Huguenots, the men assemble a loyal community around them, but are challenged as religious unrest and famine threaten their way of life and push the country into chaos. Siorac's son Pierre narrates the first six novels, Pierre's own son Pierre-Emmanuel narrates the remaining seven volumes.
The men meet many notable people and witness various historical events, including the marriage of Henry, King of Navarre to Margaret of France, the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre, the assassination of Henry III of France; the first novel, Fortune de France, was published by Plon in 1977 when Merle was nearly 70, the last was released in 2003 when he was 95. Merle wrote the first installment as a one-off, but continued the series as "readers clamoured for more"; the author died in 2004. The series was never translated into English until Pushkin Press published the first volume as The Brethren on 11 September 2014, with a US edition released on 3 March 2015. Both English versions of the second novel were published by Pushkin as City of Wisdom and Blood in September 2015; the third novel was published as Heretic Dawn on 4 February 2016, the fourth novel was published on 5 July 2018 as League of Spies. Kline, a fan of the series, submitted his translation on spec to Pushkin, where editor Daniel Seton was surprised to find that such an "undiscovered gem" had been thus far overlooked in the UK.
Merle wrote the 500-page novels of his Fortune de France series "using many of the idioms and speech rhythms of that period, some of them taken from the region of Périgord". James Kirkup noted in The Independent: Merle was a genuine scholar of language, believed that the atmosphere of an era could not be expressed without many interventions of regional dialects and quaint usages of the times, he admired William Makepeace Thackeray's The History of Henry Esmond, set in the 18th century, whose language he had mastered to perfection. Merle himself said, "The readers accepted their apprenticeship and were delighted to learn so many good expressions and terms from the Old French of the 16th century."In 1982's Le Prince que voilà, Merle challenged the typical "caricatured" portrayal of Henry III by presenting the king as "a brilliant intellectual courageous in his refusal to punish the Protestants". Pushkin Press editor Daniel Seton suggests that Merle's own experiences in World War II influenced Fortune de France novels, saying "There is quite a clear antiwar stance.
While there is plenty of action and swordplay, the protagonist is horrified by the descent of his country into civil war and the cruelty shown by both sides and Catholics, during the conflict. His main aim is to try to protect himself and those close to him, regardless of religion, from the violence." Kirkup called the Fortune de France series "spectacular" and dubbed it Merle's "major achievement". Douglas Johnson of The Guardian described the author as "a master of the historical novel"; the series made Merle a household name in France, he has been called the Alexandre Dumas of the 20th century. Le Monde dubbed Merle "France's greatest popular novelist", Le Figaro observed, "Robert Merle is one of the few French writers who have attained both popular success and the admiration of critics."Writing for The Wall Street Journal, Allan Massie praised Merle's "thorough research, depth of understanding and popular touch", noting that "one of the strengths of Merle’s novels in his ability to evoke the feeling and texture of everyday life as well as high politics".
Massie compared the first novel in Merle's series to Maurice Druon's The Accursed Kings, another famed French historical novel series, writing "There is a philosophical depth to the novel absent from Druon, for the Brethren are attracted to the Reformed Protestant faith... Though not as gripping as The Accursed Kings, The Brethren never strays, as Druon sometimes does, into the grotesque, it has a credibly human solidity." Toby Clements of The Telegraph wrote, "There are set-piece discussions on the dilemmas of faith that are informative if not the stuff of high drama, passages on the history of France that can only be made sense of with the aid of a map and a memory for names. But elsewhere there is much colour, overall, The Brethren gives a salty and plausible idea of just how different and parlous life might have been."As of 2014, Fortune de France had sold over five million copies in France. Peed, Mike. "Book Review: The Brethren by Robert Merle". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
"The Brethren by Robert Merle". Kirkus Reviews. 8 January 2015. Retrieved 5 August 2015. Kent, Christobel. "The Brethren by Robert Merle review: Swashbuckling historical fiction". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 August 2015
Beverly Marie Lewis is a Christian fiction novelist and adult and children's author of over 100 books. Lewis is musician, she started playing the piano at age four, began writing short stories and poetry when she was nine years old. Much of her writing focuses on the Old Order Amish, her maternal grandmother, Ada Ranck Buchwalter, was born into an Old Order Mennonite Church, which interested Lewis in her own "plain heritage." Her father was a pastor in Lancaster, where she was born and grew up. She continues to be part of the Assemblies of God community, she went to Evangel University, received the Distinguished Alumnus Award in 2003. She is a member of the National League of American Pen Women. Lewis is married to David Lewis, they have three grown children and three grandchildren, they live in Colorado. Lewis is a New York Times bestselling novelist. She's been on the best sellers list for USA Today and the CBA; these are some of the recent awards she has won: Rated 8 among the Top 10 Christian Authors for 2009 by the ECPA.
Lewis, Beverly. The Judgment, The Rose Trilogy #2. Baker Publishing Group. ECPA 2011's BestSeller ListsBest of 2011. Lewis, Beverly; the Mercy, Rose Trilogy Series #3. Baker Publishing Group. ECPA 2011's BestSeller ListsBest of 2011; the Brethren: won the Christy Award in 2007 for Contemporary Series. The Preacher's Daughter: won the Library Journal's Best Genre Fiction in 2005; the Prodigal: Crossings Book of the Year in 2004. The Betrayal: Inspirational Readers Choice - first place for Long Historical in 2004; the full collection of listed books have been published by Bethany House publishers. Series reprinted in 2002; the Shunning, 1997 The Confession, 1997 The Reckoning, 1998 Series reprinted in 2007. The Postcard, 1999 The Crossroad, 1999 Sanctuary, June 2001 The Covenant, September 2002 The Betrayal, September 2003 The Sacrifice, May 2004 The Prodigal, October 2004 The Revelation, June 2005 The Preacher's daughter, November 2005 The Englisher, May 2006 The Brethren, October 2006 The Parting, 2007 The Forbidden, May 2008 The Longing, October 2008 The Secret, April 2009 The Missing, September 2009 The Telling, April 6, 2010 The Thorn, September 2010 The Judgment, April 2011 The Mercy, September 2011 The Fiddler, April 2012 The Bridesmaid, September 2012 The Guardian, March 2013 The Secret Keeper, September 2013 The Last Bride, April 2014 The Sunroom, May 1998 The Redemption of Sarah Cain, July 2000 October Song, October 2001 The Beverly Lewis Amish Heritage Cookbook, 2004 "The Atonenent", 2016 The Double Dabble Surprise, March 1995 The Chicken Pox Panic, March 1995 The Crazy Christmas Angel Mystery, March 1995 No Grown-ups Allowed, August 1995 Frog Power, August 1995 The Mystery of Case D. Luc, August 1995 The Stinky Sneakers Mystery, May 1996 Pickle Pizza,May 1996 Mailbox Mania, May 1996 The Mudhole Mystery, March 1997 Fiddlesticks, March 1997 The Crabby Cat Caper, March 1997 Tarantula Toes, August 1997 Green Gravy, August 1997 Backyard Bandit Mystery, August 1997 Tree House Trouble, February 1998 The Creepy Sleep-Over, February 1998 The Great TV Turn-Off, February 1998 Piggy Party, February 1999 The Granny Game, February 1999 Mystery Mutt, February 2000 Big Bad Beans, February 2000 The Upside-Down Day, January 2001 The Midnight Mystery, January 2001 These books were republished by Bethany House into two volumes in 2008.
Dreams on Ice, August 1998 Only the Best, September 1998 A Perfect Match, May 1999 Reach for the Stars, September 1999 Follow the Dream, July 2000 Better Than Best, October 2000 Photo Perfect, May 2001 Star Status, May 2002 These books were republished by Bethany House into 3 volumes in September 2008. Best Friend, Worst Enemy, November 2001 Secret Summer Dreams, November 2001 Sealed With a Kiss, January 2002 The Trouble With Weddings, January 2002 California Crazy, July 2002 Second-Best Friend, July 2002 Good-Bye, Dressel Hills, November 2002 Straight-A Teacher, November 2002 No Guys Pact, January 2003 Little White Lies, January 2003 Freshman Frenzy, May 2003 Mystery Letters, May 2003 Eight is Enough, November 2003 It's a Girl Thing, November 2003 These books were republished by Bethany House into 2 volumes in 2007. Whispers Down the Lane, May 1995 Secret in the Willows, May 1995 Catch a Falling Star, November 1995 Night of the Fireflies, November 1995 A Cry in the Dark, June 1996 House of Secrets, November 1996 Echoes in the Wind, June 1997 Hide Behind the Moon, April 1998 Windows on the Hill, March 1999 Shadows Beyond the Gate, April 2000 Cows in the House, October 1998 Just Like Mama, October 2002 Annika's Secret Wish with CD, October 2004 What is Heaven Like?, October 2006 In Jesse's Shoes, Fall 2007 What is God Like?, September 2008 Saving Sarah Cain is based on the 2000 standalone novel, The Redemption of Sarah Cain.
The movie was first shown on Lifetime in 2007. The DVD was released on January 15, 2008; the Shunning, based on the first novel in Lewis' Heritage of Lancaster County series, was announced as a movie in 2011. It premiered on the Hallmark channel on April 16, 2011 in the U. S; the Confession, based on the second novel in Lewis' Heritage of Lancaster County series, was announced as a movie in 2012. It premiered on the Hallmark channel on May 11, 2013 in the U. S. Official website Bethany House: Beverly Lewis FaithfulReader.com: interview Fantastic Fiction: Beverly Lewis
The Brethren (book)
The Brethren: Inside the Supreme Court is a 1979 book by Bob Woodward and Scott Armstrong. It gives a "behind-the-scenes" account of the United States Supreme Court during Warren Burger's early years as Chief Justice of the United States. Using Woodward's trademark writing technique involving "off-the-record" sources, the book provides an account of the deliberations leading to some of the court's more controversial decisions from the 1970s. Among the cases with substantial treatment in the book was the decision in United States v. Nixon, where the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that President Richard Nixon was obligated to turn over the Watergate tapes. In 1985, upon the death of Associate Justice Potter Stewart, Woodward disclosed that Stewart had been the primary source for The Brethren; the book's sources are critical of Burger as Chief Justice in comparison to his predecessor, Earl Warren. Burger is described by other Justices as pompous and intellectually inferior; the book is critical at various points of William O. Douglas, portrayed as having gone from one of America's greatest jurists to a "nasty, prodigal child", overly political, is occasionally critical of another liberal stalwart, Thurgood Marshall, for his intellectual laziness and apathy.
The book does lend out praise to other Justices though. Stewart, one of the primary sources for the book, is portrayed in a positive light, as is William J. Brennan, the acknowledged leader of the liberal bloc of justices, both for his intelligence as well as his amiable, friendly personality; the book issued some particular praise for Justices Harlan and Powell