click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Breukelen

Breukelen is a town and former municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. It is situated to the north west of Utrecht, along the river Vecht and close to the lakes of the Loosdrechtse Plassen, an area of natural and tourist interest, it is located in an area called the Vechtstreek. The borough of Brooklyn in New York City is named after Breukelen. During the 17th century, many wealthy Amsterdam merchant families built their mansions along the river near Breukelen. On January 1, 2011, Breukelen merged with Maarssen to form Stichtse Vecht. There is a large Van der Valk hotel, the façade of, in the Chinese style. Universiteit Nyenrode is located in Breukelen. In addition, the New York City borough of Brooklyn is named after Breukelen. Breukelen railway station Bus services 120, 130, 143, 524 and 526 The former municipality of Breukelen consisted of the following villages: Breukelen and Nieuwer Ter Aa. Film actor Rutger Hauer, born in Breukelen. Statistics are taken from the SDU Staatscourant A map of Breukelen

Yuchanyan

Yuchanyan is an early Neolithic cave site in Dao County, China. The site yielded sherds of ceramic vessels and other artifacts which were dated by analysis of charcoal and bone collagen, giving a date range of 17,500 to 18,300 years old for the pottery; the pottery specimens may be the oldest known examples of pottery. The cave yielded fragmentary remains of 2 or more ceramic vessels, in addition to large amounts of ash, a rich animal bone assemblage and flake artifacts, bone tools, shell tools; the artifacts indicate. Here we report on the radiocarbon ages of the sediments based on analyses of charcoal and bone collagen; the best-preserved charcoal and bone samples were identified by prescreening in the field and laboratory. The dates range from around 21,000 to 13,800 cal BP; the age of the ancient pottery ranges between 18,300 and 15,430 cal BP. Charcoal and bone collagen samples located above and below one of the fragments produced dates of around 18,000; these ceramic potsherds therefore provide some of the earliest evidence for pottery making in China

Ninian Winzet

Ninian Winȝet or Winzet was a Scottish Catholic priest and polemical writer. Winzet was born in Renfrew and was educated at the university of Glasgow, he was ordained priest in 1540, in 1552 was appointed master of the grammar school of Linlithgow, from which town he was "expellit and schott out" by the partisans of Dean Patrick Kinlochy, "preacher" there. He had enjoyed the office of Provost of the Collegiate Church of St Michael in that town, he retired to Edinburgh, where the return of Mary, Queen of Scots, from France had given heart to the Catholics. There he took part in the pamphlet war which raged, entered into conflict with John Knox and other leading reformers, he appears to have acted for a time as confessor to the queen. In July 1562, when engaged in the printing of his Last Blast, he narrowly escaped the vengeance of his opponents, who had by that time gained the upper hand in the capital, he fled, on 3 September, with the nuncio Gouda to Leuven, he became a member of the "German Nation" of the university.

At Queen Mary's request he joined Bishop Leslie on his embassy to Queen Elizabeth I in 1571, remained with the bishop after his removal by Elizabeth's orders to ward at Fenny Staunton, Huntingdonshire. When further suspicion fell on Leslie and he was committed to the Tower, Winzet was permitted to return to Paris. There he continued his studies, in 1574 left for Douai, where in the following year he became a licentiate, he was in residence at Rome from 1575 to 1577, was appointed by Pope Gregory XIII abbot of the Benedictine monastery of St James, Regensburg. There he died on 21 September 1592. Winzet's works are entirely controversial, he justified his literary activity on the side of Catholicism on the double plea of conscience and the inability of the bishops and theologians to supply the necessary arguments. "We may nawayis langer contene vs," he writes, "hot expresse on al sydis as we think, referring Jur iugement to the haly Catholik Kirk." In his first work, Certaine Tractates, printed in 1562, he rates his fellow clergy for negligence and sin, invites replies from Knox regarding his authority as minister and his share in the new ecclesiastical constitution, protests against the interference with Catholic burgesses by the magistrates of Edinburgh.

The Last Blast, interrupted in publication, is an onslaught on heretics and a falsely ordained clergy. In his Bake of Four Scoir Thee Questions, addressed to the "Calviniane Precheouris," in which he treats of church doctrine, priesthood, obedience to rulers, free-will and other matters, he is dogmatic rather than polemical, he translated the Commonitorium of Vincentius Lirinensis, wrote, in Latin, a Flagellum sectarionum and a Velitatio in Georgium Buchananum. Winzet's vernacular writings have been edited by J. Hewison for the Scottish Text Society; the Tractates were printed, by the Maitland Club. Zeigelbauer, Historia rei literariae O. S. B. Iii Mackenzie, Lives and the Introduction to STS, edit. US; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Winzet, Ninian". Encyclopædia Britannica. 28. Cambridge University Press. Blair, David Oswald Hunter. "Ninian Winzet". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. 15. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Hewison, James King.

"Winzet, Ninian". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 62. London: Smith, Elder & Co. Dilworth, Mark. "Winzet, Ninian". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29784

Jim Golliday

Jim Golliday was a sprinter, considered the best at 100 yards/meters in the world in 1951 and 1955. In 1951 he was the United States 100 yards champion. In 1955 he equalled the world record for the 100 yards. A champion school football player at Wendell Phillips High School in Chicago, Golliday did not take track and field until his senior year in 1949, winning the Illinois school's 100 yard title; as a student at Northwestern University, Golliday was USA champion in the 100 yard sprint in 1951. He was considered the favourite for the 100 metres title at the 1952 Helsinki Olympics but injury denied him a chance to compete. An impressive win in the 1952 NCAA 100 yards event showed. However, the recurrence of a muscle injury suffered in a semi-final of the 1952 AAU meet meant that he hobbled out of his heat at the 1952 US Olympic Trials. Lindy Remigino, the winner of 100 metres title at the 1952 Olympics, magnanimously stated that "of course, Jimmy Golliday was the favourite in the trials. I think he was the fastest of us all".

In 1952 he entered the United States Army, competed on service teams in Europe, before returning to the United States and Northwestern University in 1954. In 1955, he equalled the world record for the 100 yards at 9.3 seconds. In 1956, he set an indoors world record for the 60 yards dash, but injury again denied him a chance to compete at the 1956 Melbourne Olympics. He trailed in last in his semi-final of the 100 metres due to a muscle injury - another occurrence of the type of injury that plagued him throughout his career. After retirement, he is reported to have lived in California selling insurance, before returning to Chicago because of ill health, he died in 1971, aged only 39. The cause of death was listed as pneumonia, a condition he suffered as a complication following surgery for ulcers at Downey Veterans Hospital in Illinois. Golliday was voted by the experts at Track and Field News to be ranked among the best in the US and the world in the 100 yards/meters sprint event in the period from 1951 to 1955.

Duncanson, Neil, "The Fastest Men on Earth", Andre Deutsch, 2011. R L Quercetani & G Pallicca, "A World History of Sprint Racing 1850-2005", SEP Editrice Srl, 2006

Da Vinci Community College

Da Vinci Community College is a co-educational foundation secondary school, located in Derby, Derbyshire. The school opened in 1988 as High View Community Education Centre, it became known as High View School and Technology Centre and High View Technology Centre. The school was formally closed and replaced by da Vinci Community College in September 2004 and moved into new buildings in 2006. In January 2012, the school became a co-operative - "owned" by the school's pupils, parents and the community; as a foundation school, da Vinci Community College was administered by Derby City Council until 2016 where LEAD became administrators of the school and sponsored by a charitable trust. From May 2017 da Vinci Community School is now called Da Vinci Academy; the trust includes the University of Derby, Derby College, the Workers' Educational Association and the Midlands Co-operative Society. Da Vinci Community College official website

Ultrabright electron

Ultrabright electrons are an advanced atomic imaging tool that can allow scientists to view atoms and molecules in motion. They were developed at the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter in Hamburg, Germany and at the University of Toronto with the teams led by Professor R. J. D. Miller; the brightness of an electron beam is defined for any given point as the current per unit area normal to the given direction, per unit solid angle. Mathematically this is defined using limits as the area and solid angle tend to 0; the general formula is, B = lim δ A → 0 lim δ Ω → 0 δ I δ A δ Ω An ultrabright electron beam has been defined as having >10 A/cm^2 with spatial coherence of >1 nm. This level of energy in that small of a coherence is a large technical problem, not only in the production of such a beam, but how to use the beam without destroying the sample in the process of characterization; the singular problem of sample destruction was taken care of by studying reactions that are photo-active and prepared in such a way that reduced potential barriers.

In non-relativistic electrons the problems of achieving ultrabrightness was overcome by utilizing the natural chirp that occurs in electron shot bunches. To capitalize on this chirp the developed gun was made as compact as possible with a magnetic lens around the electron pulse radio-frequency gap. By continuing to use spatial compression in conjunction with the electron bunch chirp allowed the gun to be able to resolve in a 200-fs time frame, with up to 10^9 electrons/cm^2, with enough coherence to study unit cells of up to 6 nm, it is believed that this technique will be able to be advanced by at least two orders of magnitude in the near future. This method was used to observe the charge delocalization in the organic salt 2PF6 as it undergoes a photo-induced insulator-to-metal phase transition; the motion observed revealed the reduction in dimensionality that takes place at transitional moments in chemical reactions, a major theoretical breakthrough in understanding how there can be repeated patterns in chemistry among molecules of vastly different dimensions.

Relativistic ultrabright electron spectroscopy has developed through the work of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter in Hamburg, Germany in building the Relativistic Electron Gun for Atomic Exploration. This tool has allowed the problem of electron scattering to be much reduced through the use of an RF gap in an more effective manner than with non-relativistic elections, which has allowed the REGAE to be able to probe into samples in the 10-fs time frame with a spatial coherence of >20 nm, meaning that it can be used to study protein movements. Using the REGAE the ring closing dynamics of diarylethene were observed in real time, they too revealed an intense reduction in dimensionallity as the nuclei went through the tipping point of the reaction