The Brewster Hospital is a historic U. S. hospital in Jacksonville, Florida. It is located at 915 West Monroe Street. On May 13, 1976, it was added to the U. S. National Register of Historic Places. Brewster Hospital was the first African American hospital in the U. S, it served African Americans in Jacksonville from 1901 to 1966. It was founded in 1901 as the George A. Brewster Hospital and School of Nurse Training, because there was no place for Negroes to go to for treatment after the disastrous Great Fire of 1901, its sponsor was the Women's Division of the Methodist Board of Missions. It closed in 1966 because, like Florida A&M Hospital, the forced integration of white hospitals meant it lost its funding; the building was gutted and rebuilt as Methodist Hospital, opening in 1967. The original building is no longer in use, was moved and is being preserved; the building that replaced it became Methodist Medical Center in 1993, in 1999 merged with University Medical Center to become the Shands Jacksonville Medical Center, an affiliate of the University of Florida and Shands HealthCare.
Duval County listings at National Register of Historic Places Duval County listings at Florida's Office of Cultural and Historical Programs The Brewster hospital at Duval County Public Schools
Brewster Body Shield
The Brewster Body Shield or Brewster Body Armor was the first effective body armor developed for the United States Army in World War I, designed by Dr. Guy Otis Brewster from Dover, New Jersey. During World War I, the United States developed several types of body armor, including the chrome nickel steel Brewster Body Shield, which consisted of a breastplate and a headpiece and could withstand.303 British bullets at 2,700 ft/s, but was clumsy and heavy at 40 lb. A scaled waistcoat of overlapping steel scales fixed to a leather lining was designed. An example of this armor appears in a scene of the 1970 Italian movie Many Wars Ago. Bashford Dean, Metropolitan Museum of Art and body armor in modern warfare, Lightning Source Inc, 2008, ISBN 9781443775243 Brewster Body Armor at Globalsecurity.org Brewster Body Armor at Uncertain Times Brewster Body Armor at 2pep
Brewster's Millions (1985 film)
Brewster's Millions is a 1985 American comedy film directed by Walter Hill. The film stars John Candy; the screenplay by Herschel Weingrod and Timothy Harris was based on the 1902 novel of the same name by George Barr McCutcheon. It is the seventh film based on the story. Monty Brewster is a Minor League Baseball pitcher with the Hackensack Bulls, he and his best friend Spike Nolan, the Bulls' catcher, are arrested after a post-game bar fight and cannot afford bail. A man offers bail. At the Manhattan law office of Granville & Baxter, Brewster is told that his deceased great-uncle Rupert Horn, whom he has never met, has left him his entire $300 million fortune, but only if he can complete a challenge with several conditions. Brewster is offered to either take $1 million upfront, or spend $30 million within 30 days to inherit the whole estate. In the former case, the law firm becomes the executor of the estate, collecting a fee for performing this service and dividing the remainder among several charities.
In the latter case, Brewster may not own any assets that are not his at the end of the 30 days, he must get value for the services of anyone he hires, he may donate 5% to charity and lose 5% by gambling, he may not waste the money by purchasing and destroying valuable objects. He is not allowed to tell anyone Spike. If he fails to spend the entire $30 million, he forfeits any remaining balance and inherits nothing. Brewster decides to take the $30 million challenge, Angela Drake, a paralegal from the law firm, is assigned to accompany him and keep track of his spending. Brewster, who has never earned more than $11,000 a year, rents an expensive hotel suite at the Plaza Hotel, hires personal staff on exorbitant salaries, places bad gambling bets. However, Spike makes good investments. Realizing that he is making no headway, Brewster decides to run for Mayor of New York City and throws most of his money at a protest campaign urging a vote for "None of the Above." The two major candidates threaten to sue Brewster for his confrontational rhetoric, but they settle out of court for several million dollars.
Brewster hires the New York Yankees for a three-inning exhibition against the Bulls, with himself as the pitcher. He is forced to end his protest campaign when he learns that he is leading in the polls as a write-in candidate. Blowing his last $38,000 on a party after the game, Brewster becomes fed up with money and is heartbroken that Spike and others around him do not understand his actions. On the final day, he finds. Shunned by everyone he knows, Brewster makes his way to the law office. Having withdrawn from the election, he learns that the city voted "None of the Above," forcing another election in which none of the previous candidates are running. Warren Cox, a junior lawyer from the law firm and Angela's fiancée, has been bribed by the firm to ensure that Brewster fails to spend the entire $30 million. Moments before time expires, Warren hands Brewster some money thought to have been spent and informs him he is not broke. Brewster punches Warren. Brewster offers him the money in compensation, but Warren won't fall for it and insists on waiting until Brewster has nothing before taking him for everything.
Realizing he will need a lawyer, he pays the money to Angela as a retainer. With the transaction completed and all of the money now gone, Brewster fulfills the terms of the will and inherits the entire $300 million; the movie was the first film greenlit by Frank Price after he became head of production at Universal. The director was Walter Hill who had intended to make a film of Dick Tracy but left that project and was available, he had never made a comedy before, but had made the successful 48 Hrs. which featured comic scenes and a comic lead, Eddie Murphy. The script was written by the writers of Murphy's Trading Places."I'm always making westerns," Hill said. "Whether it's a movie that takes place in the future... or an action- adventure like 48 Hrs. What I'm doing is making cowboy movies.... I like westerns because everything is clear in them.'I like movies in which the story line is simple and straightforward and the characters are confronted with issues of life and death. But Hollywood has decided that people don't like westerns anymore, so I have to make these other movies and pretend they're not westerns....
My idea of a good movie is to take clearly defined characters and put them in the highest possible jeopardy and see what happens," Hill said. Hill said Richard Pryor “didn't believe that he was funny unless he took drugs, he believed that if he took drugs he would die, he had money problems, of course, so he had to work and take jobs and make lots of money. So it was difficult, but I liked Richard much.”The Hackensack Bulls' baseball park was a set from the TV series Bay City Blues located at the LADWP Valley Generating Station in Sun Valley, California. Princess Anne visited the set during filming as part of her US tour. Walter Hill says he purposefully made the film "to improve his bank account and success quotient"; the movie received mixed reviews. The staff review in Variety said bluntly: "It's hard to believe a comedy starring Richard Pryor and John Candy is no funnier than this". Janet Maslin, in her review for The New York Times, called the film "a screwball comedy minus the screws" which "does nothing to accommodate Mr. Pryor's singular comic talents".
Director Walter Hill, she said, did not understand "the advantages of screwball timing," and the film's slow pace and
The Muppet Show
The Muppet Show is a comedy television series created by Jim Henson and featuring the Muppets. After two pilot episodes produced in 1974 and 1975 failed to get the attention of network executives in the United States, Lew Grade approached Henson to produce the show in the United Kingdom for ATV. Five seasons, totalling 120 episodes, were broadcast on ATV and other ITV franchises in the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1981; the show was filmed at England. The Muppet Show is presented as a variety show, featuring recurring sketches and musical numbers intertwined with plotlines taking place behind the show. Kermit the Frog is portrayed as a showrunner who tries to maintain control of the overwhelming antics of the other Muppet characters, as well as appease the rotating slate of guest stars. In addition to its guest stars, The Muppet Show is known for its uniquely designed characters, vaudevillian wit, physical slapstick, sometimes absurdist humor, parodies; as the series' popularity rose, many celebrities were eager to perform with the Muppets on television and in film.
The cast of performers over the course of the series consisted of Henson, Frank Oz, Jerry Nelson, Richard Hunt, Dave Goelz, Steve Whitmire, Fran Brill, Eren Ozker, Louise Gold, Kathryn Mullen, Karen Prell, Brian Muehl, Bob Payne, John Lovelady. Many of the performers worked on Sesame Street, whose characters made sporadic appearances on The Muppet Show. Jerry Juhl and Jack Burns were two of the head writers; the music was performed by his orchestra. Since 1969, Sesame Street had given Jim Henson's Muppet creations exposure, he sought to create a programme that could be enjoyed by old. Two specials were aired on ABC that are considered pilots for The Muppet Show. Neither led to the sale of a prime-time network series. However, the prime-time access rule had just been enacted, which took the 7:30 to 8 pm ET slot from the networks and turned it over to their affiliates. CBS suggested it would be interested in Henson's proposal as a syndicated series it could purchase for its owned-and-operated stations, to run one night a week in that time slot.
According to the original pitch reel, Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In co-creator George Schlatter was going to be involved. Lew Grade, head of the British commercial station ATV and accustomed to the idea of puppet television, offered a deal to Henson that would see his show produced at the ATV studios in Elstree, England. ATV, as part of the ITV network, would broadcast the show to other ITV stations in the United Kingdom, its distribution arm, ITC Entertainment, would sell the show in the United States and around the world. Henson accepted. "The Muppet Show Theme" is the show's theme song. It is the opening and closing theme for every episode of The Muppet Show and was performed by The Muppets in a scene of The Muppets. At the end of the song, Gonzo the Great appeared onstage to play the final note, with various comical results. For the first series, he struck the O in the show's logo as a gong; each episode ended with an extended instrumental performance of "The Muppet Show Theme" by the Muppet orchestra before Statler and Waldorf gave the last laugh of the night.
Some last laugh sequences featured other Muppets on the balcony. For example, in one episode, the Muppets of Sesame Street appeared behind the duo who told them: "How should we know how to get to Sesame Street? We don't know how to get out of this stupid theater box!" Every series, the TV version of the song was presented with re-worked lyrics. While the opening sequence evolved visually over the course of the show's five series, the musical composition remained the same. Throughout the years, the song has become a staple of the franchise; the Muppet Theater is the setting for The Muppet Show, a grand old vaudeville house that has seen better days. In episode 106, Kermit identifies the name of the theatre as The Benny Vandergast Memorial Theater, although other episodes identify it as "the Muppet Theater." It's identified as Muppet Theater in It's a Very Merry Muppet Christmas Movie. It is that the theatre becomes registered as a historical landmark, it cannot be shut down. According to The Phantom of the Muppet Theater, the theatre was built by a stage actor named John Stone in 1802.
At some point, a production of Hamlet ran with Stone playing the title role. An alternate exterior is shown in the book. Locations seen in the Muppet Theatre include backstage right, the dressing rooms, the attic, the canteen, the prop room, the stage and Waldorf's box, the auditorium, the recording studio, the stage door lobby, the back alley; some of these sets were re-used as the Happiness Hotel in The Great Muppet Caper. A replica of the theatre serves as the setting for the Muppet*Vision 3D attraction at Disney's Hollywood Studios and Disney California Adventure. Scooter's uncle J. P. Grosse owns the theatre, rents it to the Muppets, as Scooter is only too happy to remind Kermit. In a deleted scene from It's a Very Merry Muppet Christmas Movie, Kermit reveals that J. P. has left the theatre to the Muppets in his will. This would have taken place some time after 1996, as J. P. can be seen in episode 107 of Muppe
Brewster's angle is an angle of incidence at which light with a particular polarization is transmitted through a transparent dielectric surface, with no reflection. When unpolarized light is incident at this angle, the light, reflected from the surface is therefore polarized; this special angle of incidence is named after the Scottish physicist Sir David Brewster. When light encounters a boundary between two media with different refractive indices, some of it is reflected as shown in the figure above; the fraction, reflected is described by the Fresnel equations, is dependent upon the incoming light's polarization and angle of incidence. The Fresnel equations predict that light with the p polarization will not be reflected if the angle of incidence is θ B = arctan, where n1 is the refractive index of the initial medium through which the light propagates, n2 is the index of the other medium; this equation is known as Brewster's law, the angle defined by it is Brewster's angle. The physical mechanism for this can be qualitatively understood from the manner in which electric dipoles in the media respond to p-polarized light.
One can imagine that light incident on the surface is absorbed, re-radiated by oscillating electric dipoles at the interface between the two media. The polarization of propagating light is always perpendicular to the direction in which the light is travelling; the dipoles that produce the transmitted light oscillate in the polarization direction of that light. These same oscillating dipoles generate the reflected light. However, dipoles do not radiate any energy in the direction of the dipole moment. If the refracted light is p-polarized and propagates perpendicular to the direction in which the light is predicted to be specularly reflected, the dipoles point along the specular reflection direction and therefore no light can be reflected. With simple geometry this condition can be expressed as θ 1 + θ 2 = 90 ∘, where θ1 is the angle of reflection and θ2 is the angle of refraction. Using Snell's law, n 1 sin θ 1 = n 2 sin θ 2, one can calculate the incident angle θ1 = θB at which no light is reflected: n 1 sin θ B = n 2 sin = n 2 cos θ B.
Solving for θB gives θ B = arctan. For a glass medium in air, Brewster's angle for visible light is 56°, while for an air-water interface, it is 53°. Since the refractive index for a given medium changes depending on the wavelength of light, Brewster's angle will vary with wavelength; the phenomenon of light being polarized by reflection from a surface at a particular angle was first observed by Étienne-Louis Malus in 1808. He attempted to relate the polarizing angle to the refractive index of the material, but was frustrated by the inconsistent quality of glasses available at that time. In 1815, Brewster experimented with higher-quality materials and showed that this angle was a function of the refractive index, defining Brewster's law. Brewster's angle is referred to as the "polarizing angle", because light that reflects from a surface at this angle is polarized perpendicular to the plane of incidence. A glass plate or a stack of plates placed at Brewster's angle in a light beam can, thus, be used as a polarizer.
The concept of a polarizing angle can be extended to the concept of a Brewster wavenumber to cover planar interfaces between two linear bianisotropic materials. In the case of reflection at Brewster's angle, the reflected and refracted rays are mutually perpendicular. For magnetic materials, Brewster's angle can exist for only one of the incident wave polarizations, as determined by the relative strengths of the dielectric permittivity and magnetic permeability; this has implications for the existence of generalized Brewster angles for dielectric metasurfaces. Polarized sunglasses use the principle of Brewster's angle to reduce glare from the sun reflecting off horizontal surfaces such as water or road. In a large range of angles around Brewster's angle, the reflection of p-polarized light is lower than s-polarized light. Thus, if the sun is low in the sky, reflected light is s-polarized. Polarizing sunglasses use a polarizing material such as Polaroid sheets to block horizontally-polarized light, preferentially blocking reflections from horizontal surfaces.
The effect is stro
Brewster is a city in Nobles County, United States. The population was 473 at the 2010 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.36 square miles, all of it land. It is located one-half mile on section 25 of Hersey Township; the population was 502 at the 2000 census. Main highways include: Minnesota State Highway 60 Nobles County Road 1 Nobles County Road 14 Founding of Brewster: The town of Brewster was in established in the spring of 1872, but was known for many years as Hersey, it was the first town established in Nobles County by the St. Paul and Sioux City Railroad, was named after General Samuel F. Hersey, a lumber baron from Maine, one of the railroad's directors; the first resident was W. R. Bennett. T. J. Smith put up the first store, run by A. J. Timlin for many years. Mr. A. O. Conde established a lumber yard and a grain business, Martin Heiser opened a second store, a hotel was opened by a Mr. Humphrey, John Iverson established a blacksmith shop.
All of this occurred in 1872, the same year. Source of name: In 1880, the St. Paul and Sioux City Railroad was purchased by the Chicago, St. Paul and Omaha Railway, or the Omaha Road, there was a station named Hersey on the latter road's track in Wisconsin. In order to avoid confusion, the name of Hersey was changed to Nobles County Station. Soon thereafter, the name Brewster was settled upon. There is some confusion regarding the choice of name. E. F. Drake, president of the St. Paul and Sioux City Railroad once stated that the name "was changed to Brewster after a director of the Omaha Road." But a brochure put out by the Chicago and North Western Railway Company stated that "the present name was given in honor of Brewster, a town in Barnstable County, named in honor of Elder William Brewster, one of the first settlers of Plymouth Colony."Incorporation: By the fall of 1898, it was found that 180 people lived in the community of Brewster. Thus it was decided. An election was held on December 14, 1898, out of the 28 ballots cast, only one was opposed to idea of municipal government.
On January 9, 1899, Leon Morris assumed duties as the first president of Brewster Village. As of the census of 2010, there were 473 people, 207 households, 130 families residing in the city; the population density was 347.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 218 housing units at an average density of 160.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.3% White, 0.2% African American, 1.3% Native American, 2.7% from other races, 0.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.3% of the population. There were 207 households of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 37.2% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age in the city was 39.5 years.
27.3% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 49.9% male and 50.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 502 people, 204 households, 138 families residing in the city; the population density was 417.9 people per square mile. There were 218 housing units at an average density of 181.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.01% White, 0.40% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 1.99% from other races, 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.19% of the population. There were 204 households out of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.9% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.01. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $38,125, the median income for a family was $44,625. Males had a median income of $28,229 versus $22,019 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,263. About 6.5% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 27.1% of those age 65 or over. Brewster is located in Minnesota's 1st congressional district, represented by Mankato educator Tim Walz, a Democrat. At the state level, Brewster is located in Senate District 22, represented by Republican Doug Magnus, in House District 22A, represented by Republican Joe Schomacker; the mayor of Brewster is Randy Schmitz. City council members are Ed Busch, John Garmer and Andy Bedbury. Brewster is located in Hersey Township and is represented by Nobles County Commissioner Marvin Zylstra. City of Brewster