Indianapolis Motor Speedway
The Indianapolis Motor Speedway is an automobile racing circuit located in Speedway, Indiana, in the United States. It is the home of the Indianapolis 500 and the Brickyard 400 and it is located on the corner of 16th Street and Georgetown Road, approximately six miles west of Downtown Indianapolis. Constructed in 1909, it is the original speedway, the first racing facility so named and it has a permanent seating capacity estimated at 235,000 with infield seating raising capacity to an approximate 400,000. It is the highest-capacity sports venue in the world, considered relatively flat by American standards, the track is a 2. 5-mile-long rectangular oval with dimensions that have remained essentially unchanged since its construction. A modern infield road course was completed in 2000, incorporating part of the oval, including the mainstretch, in 2008, and again in 2014, the road course layout was modified to accommodate motorcycle racing, as well as to improve competition. Altogether, the current grounds have expanded from an original 320 acres on which the speedway was first built to cover an area of over 559 acres. Placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975 and designated a National Historic Landmark in 1987, in addition to the Indianapolis 500, the speedway also hosts NASCARs Brickyard 400 and Lilly Diabetes 250. From 2000 to 2007, the hosted the Formula One United States Grand Prix. On the grounds of the speedway is the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Museum, which opened in 1956, the museum moved into its current building located in the infield in 1976. Also on the grounds is the Brickyard Crossing Golf Resort, which opened as the Speedway Golf Course in 1929. The golf course has 14 holes outside of the track, along the backstretch, the speedway also served as the venue for the opening ceremonies for the 1987 Pan American Games. Fisher began thinking of a means of testing cars before delivering them to consumers. At the time, racing was just getting started on horse tracks, Fisher noticed how dangerous and ill-suited the makeshift courses were for racing and testing. He also argued that spectators did not get their moneys worth, Fisher proposed building a circular track 3 to 5 miles long with smooth 100–150-foot-wide surfaces. Such a track would give manufacturers a chance to test cars at sustained speeds, Fisher predicted speeds could reach up to 120 mph on a 5-mile course. He visited the Brooklands circuit outside London in 1907, and after viewing the banked layout, in December 1908, he convinced James A. Allison, Arthur Newby, and Frank W. Wheeler to join him in purchasing the property for $72,000. Construction of the started in March 1909. Fisher had to downsize his planned 3-mile oval with a 2-mile road course to a 2. 5-mile oval to leave room for the grandstands
The Indianapolis 500 is an automobile race held annually at Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana, an enclave suburb of Indianapolis, Indiana. The event is held over Memorial Day weekend, which is typically the last weekend in May and it is contested as part of the Verizon IndyCar Series, the top level of American Championship Car racing, an open-wheel formula colloquially known as Indy Car Racing. The name of the race is often shortened to Indy 500, the event, billed as The Greatest Spectacle in Racing, is considered part of the Triple Crown of Motorsport, which comprises three of the most prestigious motorsports events in the world. The official attendance is not disclosed by Speedway management, but the permanent seating capacity is upwards of 250,000, the inaugural running was won by Ray Harroun in 1911. The race celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2011, and the 100th running was held in 2016, alexander Rossi is the defending champion. The most successful drivers are A. J. Foyt, Al Unser, the active driver with the most victories is Hélio Castroneves, with three. Rick Mears holds the record for most career pole positions with six, the most successful car owner is Roger Penske, owner of Team Penske, which has 16 total wins and 17 poles. For a list of races and winners, see List of Indianapolis 500 winners, the Indianapolis 500 is held annually at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, a 2.5 mile oval circuit. Drivers race 200 laps, counterclockwise around the circuit, for a distance of 500 miles, since its inception in 1911, the race has always been scheduled on or around Memorial Day. Since 1974, the race has been scheduled for the Sunday of Memorial Day weekend, practice and time trials are held in the two weeks leading up to the race. Traditionally, the field consists of 33 starters, aligned in a grid of eleven rows of three cars apiece. The event is contested by Indy cars, a formula of professional-level, single-seat, open cockpit, open-wheel, as of 2015, all entrants utilize 2.2 L V6, twin-turbocharged engines, tuned to produce a range of 550–700 horsepower. Chevrolet and Honda are the current engine manufacturers involved in the sport, firestone, which has a deep history in the sport, dating back to the first 500, is the exclusive tire provider. The race is the most prestigious event of the IndyCar calendar and it has been avouched to be the largest single-day sporting event in the entire world. Likewise, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway itself is regarded as the worlds largest sporting facility in terms of capacity, the total purse exceeded $13 million in 2011, with over $2.5 million awarded to the winner, making it one of the richest cash prize funds in sports. Due to safety issues, the race is not held in wet conditions, in the event of a rain delay, the race will be postponed until rain showers cease, and the track is sufficiently dried. If rain falls during the race, officials can end the race, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway complex was built in 1909 as a gravel-and-tar track and hosted a smattering of small events, including ones for motorcycles. The first long distance event, in conditions, was the 100-lap Prest-O-Lite Trophy in 1909
1992 Indianapolis 500
The 76th Indianapolis 500 was held at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, Indiana, on Sunday, May 24,1992. The race is famous for the battle in the closing laps, as race winner Al Unser, Jr. held off second place Scott Goodyear for the victory by 0.043 seconds. Unser, Jr. became the first second-generation driver to win the Indy 500, following in the footsteps of his father Al Unser and he also became the third member of the famous Unser family to win the race. Cold temperatures and high winds turned the race into a crash-filled, the tone for the race was set early when pole position winner Roberto Guerrero spun out and crashed on the pace lap. The race was dominated by Michael Andretti in the debut of the Ford Cosworth XB engine, Andretti led 160 laps and was 30 seconds in front when his fuel pump suddenly failed with eleven laps to go. Thirteen cars were eliminated in crashes during the race, and several other serious wrecks occurred during practice, Former Formula One World Champion Nelson Piquet suffered serious leg injuries in a crash on May 7. Pancho Carter and Hiro Matsushita suffered broken bones in separate crashes, defending champion Rick Mears crashed during practice and during the race, while Jeff Andretti experienced the worst crash during the race itself, suffering serious injuries to his legs and feet. Following the race, sweeping changes came about at the track, largely in the interest of safety. In addition, a changing of the guard followed, as the 1992 race signaled the final race for several Indy legends, including A. J. Foyt, Rick Mears, Tom Sneva. A race-record ten former winners started in the field, the race was sanctioned by USAC, and was included as part of the 1992 PPG Indy Car World Series. It was also a victory for Unser, Jr. who was making his tenth Indy attempt. Unser, the 1990 CART champion, had recently confided with Paul Page that he was afraid he may never win the 500, a busy offseason began at the conclusion of the 1991 PPG Indy Car World Series. The biggest announcement was the return of Ford to the IndyCar ranks, the Ford Cosworth XB was developing quickly into an engine of choice, and for 1992, was the powerplant for Newman/Haas Racing and Chip Ganassi Racing. For 1992, Ilmor introduced a motor, badged the Chevy-B. The rest of the Chevrolet teams utilized the existing Ilmor, which was referred to as the Chevy-A. Galles-Kraco Racing unveiled their new Galmer chassis for 1992 and it met with instant success as Al Unser, Jr. won the pole position for the season opener at Surfers Paradise and finished 4th. Teammate Danny Sullivan won a few weeks later at Long Beach, with Unser, the chassis was expected to excel on street and road courses, but there were some doubts about its oval ability. Unser, Jr. managed a 4th place at Phoenix, truesports fielded their own in-house All American chassis for the second year in a row
Al Unser Jr.
Alfred Al Unser Jr. nicknamed Little Al, Al Junior, or simply Junior, is a retired American race car driver and two-time Indianapolis 500 winner. Unser was born into a family in Albuquerque, New Mexico. He is the son of Al Unser and the nephew of Bobby Unser, by the age of 11, Al Junior was racing sprint cars. After high school, he was already in the World of Outlaws series of sprint car racing and he soon moved into road racing, winning the Super Vee title in 1981 and the Can-Am title in 1982. In 1982, Unser made his debut on the CART circuit and he suffered personal tragedy when his sister Debbie was killed in a dune buggy accident, but this did not deter Unser, and a year later, he competed in his first Indianapolis 500, finishing 9th. The penalty dropped him from an original finish of 9th, to 10th, despite being lauded for his performance as a rookie, Unser Jr. narrowly lost the rookie of the year award to Teo Fabi. Unser continued racing on the CART circuit, becoming one of the rising stars. He finished second in the CART championship point standings in 1985 and he began competing in the IROC championship in 1986, winning that championship with two victories in four races. At the age of 24, Unser was the youngest IROC champion ever, Unser won the 1988 and 1986 IROC championships. Unser won the 24 Hours of Daytona, also at age 24 for the first time in 1986 and again in 1987. Unser continued to improve on the CART circuit, finishing fourth in the standings in 1986, third in 1987, second in 1988. This race is remembered for a show of sportsmanship, as Little Al climbed out of his wrecked racecar. Unser would have his day at Indy in 1992, however, defeating Scott Goodyear by 0.043 of a second, during the off-season he drove in the 1993 Daytona 500 for Hendrick Motorsports finishing 36th in what would be his only NASCAR start. He ran well in the race, running with the pack all day, until a late race crash with Kyle Petty and Bobby Hillin. During an interview with Mike Joy after the accident, Joy asked him if he would be back, Unser said that he wanted to come back, but it would never happen. Unser also tested a Williams F1 car but never competed in the series, in 1994, Unser again won at Indy, this time with Penske Racing. His teammates were Emerson Fittipaldi, the man whom he battled with five years before, Little Als decline in performance coincided with the Penske teams struggles with the Penske chassis and his teammates suffered similar results during this time. Team Penske began abandoning the maligned in-house Penske chassis for customer Lola chassis during the 1999 season, Unser would eventually leave CART to join the budding Indy Racing League for the 2000 campaign
Kenny Bernstein is an American drag racer and former NASCAR and IndyCar team owner. He is nicknamed the Bud King for his success in the Budweiser King funny car and he has also been nicknamed The King of Speed, because he was the first driver to break 300 miles per hour in the standing-start quarter mile. Bernstein owned King Racing, which he drove for in the NHRA and fielded cars in other racing series such as IndyCar. Bernstein attended Monterey High School in Lubbock, Texas, he played on the schools football team. Bernstein was attending the Arlington State College in 1966 for business administration when he decided to quit to become a drag racer and he did not have enough money, so he became a traveling salesman for Whistle Stop. He drove throughout Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Bernstein first became a full-time professional Funny Car driver in 1979, although he had participated in a few events in preceding years. The following year, he acquired a deal from Anheuser-Busch. Bernstein won his first Funny Car championship in 1985, and successfully defended his title over the three seasons. Bernstein and tuner Dale Armstrong would turn to land speed racers the Arivett brothers to design Bernsteins Bud King Buick LeSabre in 1989 and this car would be dubbed the “Batmobile”. It would profoundly change Funny Car aerodynamics, in 1990, following a change in NHRA rules, Bernstein began to drive in the Top Fuel Dragster class. Bernstein reclaimed the title in 2001, and is the driver to have achieved multiple championships in both nitro categories. Bernstein retired in 2002, handing driving duties of the Budweiser King to his son Brandon, however, he was pressed back into action as a substitute driver after Brandon Bernstein broke his back in June. Although he only raced in 15 events, Bernstein picked up right where he had left off, winning four straight Top Fuel events to close out the season, placing him sixth in season points. He returned to running his team after the season, but rumors began to persist that a comeback was in the works. In September 2006, Bernstein announced that he would return to racing in the Funny Car division the following season, following those events, Bernstein fired his crew chief Ray Alley and replaced him with Jimmy Walsh, former crew chief for Top Fuel driver J. R. Todd. Bernsteins results gradually improved over the season, but he did not make the inaugural Countdown to the Championship and he returned to retirement following the season and hired Tommy Johnson, Jr. to drive the Monster Energy Charger for 2008. Bernstein discontinued the following that season. Bernstein is the current president of the Professional Racers Organisation, a group of NHRA drivers, mechanics, and team owners, in light of the crash that took the life of Eric Medlen, Bernstein has been influential in adjusting safety standards on NHRA race cars and safety restraints