HarperCollins Publishers L. L. C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Penguin Random House, Simon & Schuster. The company is a subsidiary of News Corp.. The name is a combination of several publishing firm names: Harper & Row, an American publishing company acquired in 1987, together with UK publishing company William Collins, acquired in 1990; the worldwide CEO of HarperCollins is Brian Murray. HarperCollins has publishing groups in the United States, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and China; the company publishes many different imprints, both former independent publishing houses and new imprints. In 1989, Collins was bought by Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation, the publisher was combined with Harper & Row, which NewsCorp had acquired two years earlier. In addition to the simplified and merged name, the logo for HarperCollins was derived from the torch logo for Harper and Row, the fountain logo for Collins, which were combined into a stylized set of flames atop waves.
In 1999, News Corporation purchased the Hearst Book Group, consisting of William Morrow & Company and Avon Books. These imprints are now published under the rubric of HarperCollins. HarperCollins bought educational publisher Letts and Lonsdale in March 2010. In 2011, HarperCollins announced; the purchase was completed on July 11, 2012, with an announcement that Thomas Nelson would operate independently given the position it has in Christian book publishing. Both Thomas Nelson and Zondervan were organized as imprints, or "keystone publishing programs," under a new division, HarperCollins Christian Publishing. Key roles in the reorganization were awarded to former Thomas Nelson executives. In 2012, HarperCollins acquired part of the trade operations of John Son in Canada. In 2014, HarperCollins acquired Canadian romance publisher Harlequin Enterprises for C$455 million. Brian Murray, the current CEO of HarperCollins, succeeded Jane Friedman, CEO from 1997 to 2008. Notable management figures include Lisa Sharkey, current senior vice president and director of creative development and Barry Winkleman from 1989 to 1994.
In April 2012, the United States Department of Justice filed United States v. Apple Inc. naming Apple, HarperCollins, four other major publishers as defendants. The suit alleged that they conspired to fix prices for e-books, weaken Amazon.com's position in the market, in violation of antitrust law. In December 2013, a federal judge approved a settlement of the antitrust claims, in which HarperCollins and the other publishers paid into a fund that provided credits to customers who had overpaid for books due to the price-fixing, it was announced to employees and later in the day on November 5, 2012, that HarperCollins was closing its remaining two U. S. warehouses, in order to merge shipping and warehousing operations with R. R. Donnelley in Indiana; the Scranton, PA warehouse closed in September 2013 and a Nashville, TN warehouse, under the name Thomas Nelson, in the winter of 2013. Several office positions and departments continued to work for HarperCollins in Scranton, but in a new location.
The Scranton warehouse closing eliminated 200 jobs, the Nashville warehouse closing eliminated up to 500 jobs. HarperCollins closed 2 U. S. warehouses, one in Williamsport, PA in 2011 and another in Grand Rapids, MI in 2012. “We have taken a long-term, global view of our print distribution and are committed to offering the broadest possible reach for our authors," said HarperCollins Chief Executive Brian Murray, according to Publishers Weekly."We are retooling the traditional distribution model to ensure we can competitively offer the entire HarperCollins catalog to customers regardless of location.” Company officials attribute the closings and mergers to the growing demand for e-book formats and the decline in print purchasing. HarperCollins maintains the backlist of many of the books published by their many merged imprints, in addition to having picked up new authors since the merger. Authors published by Harper include Mark Twain, the Brontë sisters and William Makepeace Thackeray. Authors published by Collins include H. G. Wells and Agatha Christie.
HarperCollins acquired the publishing rights to J. R. R. Tolkien's work in 1990 when Unwin Hymen was bought; this is a list of some of the more noted books, series, published by HarperCollins and their various imprints and merged publishing houses. The Hobbit, J. R. R. Tolkien The Lord of the Rings, J. R. R. Tolkien The Art of Loving, Erich Fromm Master and Commander, Patrick O'Brian the Leaphorn and Chee books, Tony Hillerman The Silmarillion, J. R. R. Tolkien Collins English Dictionary, a major dictionary Sharpe series, Bernard Cornwell Frida: A Biography of Frida Kahlo, Hayden Herrera, adapted into the 2002 film Frida The History of Middle-earth series, J. R. R. Tolkien Weaveworld, Clive Barker the Paladin Poetry Series Of Gravity & Angels, Jane Hirshfield The
The Georgia Straight
The Georgia Straight is a free Canadian weekly news and entertainment newspaper published in Vancouver, British Columbia, by the Vancouver Free Press Publishing Corp. As surveyed by VAC its per-issue circulation average as of January 25, 2011, is 119,971 copies, its average weekly readership is 804,000 as of 2009, its website traffic ranked 47,339 globally and 1,458 within Canada, according to February 27, 2012 figures from Alexa. The paper was founded as an underground newspaper in May 1967 by Pierre Coupey, Milton Acorn, Dan McLeod, Stan Persky, others, it operated as a collective. In April 1967: "The proposed paper was christened the Georgia Straight over beer at the Cecil Hotel; the name aims to play on the fact that the weather forecasts will offer free publicity: they're always issuing gale warnings for the Georgia Strait." On May 5, 1967 the first issue was cost ten cents. It was a biweekly newspaper. On May 12, Dan McLeod was taken away in a paddy wagon and jailed for three hours for "investigation of vagrancy."
College Printers refused to print the second issue. The paper was raided and fined by the Vancouver Police for publishing obscenities, was banned from distribution for its criticism of the local police and politicians. Vancouver mayor Tom Campbell described the paper as "filth" and, objecting of its sale to "school children," urged the city's licensing inspector to suspend the paper for "gross misconduct" contrary to city bylaws; the British Columbia Civil Liberties Association attempted to assist the paper by challenging the suspension in court by arguing that only federal laws could restrict freedom-of-the-press. The initial challenge was unsuccessful, with Justice Thomas Dohm praising the mayor for his actions. On appeal, the appellate court agreed to lift the suspension on the grounds that a hearing should have been provided to explain why the paper was suspended, but did not rule on the BCCLA's freedom-of-the-press argument; the BCCLA provided further legal assistance to Dan McLeod and the paper when both were criminally charged with three counts of obscenity for publishing a photograph, an advertisement described as being titled "Young man wants to meet women to 30 years old for Muffdiving, etc," and an article titled "Penis de Milo Created by Cynthia Plaster-Caster."
McLeod and the paper were acquitted on all three charges due to the Crown having failed to prove its case beyond a reasonable doubt, with the judge noting that no evidence was provided as to the meaning of the word "muffdiving" and that he could not take judicial notice of a word that he had not heard. Those controversies ended in the 1970s, as the paper moved to become a more conventional news and entertainment weekly, albeit with a progressive editorial slant. Known as The Straight, this large "tabloid" format unconventional publication is delivered to newsboxes, post-secondary schools, public libraries and a large variety of other locations around Metro Vancouver every Thursday. In October 2003, the provincial government sent The Straight a bill totalling more than $1 million for outstanding provincial sales tax. In British Columbia, print publications must have at least 25 per cent editorial content to be considered a newspaper, to qualify for exemption from PST on printing bills; the extensive "Time Out" listing of the paper, detailing the what and where of every public event in the city, was judged to be advertising - pushing the paper below the required thresholds for a newspaper.
As reported by the CBC, publisher Dan McLeod said this re-interpretation of the rules was a politically motivated attempt to silence a persistent critic. "We're the only paper, critical of the government in our editorials week after week, we're the only paper that's being fined a million dollars," he said. "So I put two and two together." However, not everyone agreed with McLeod's interpretation of events and pointed out that The Straight had a lower editorial-to-advertising ratio than many other alternative and university papers. This public battle garnered considerable attention, the BC government issued a statement reversing their decision, stating "clearly the Georgia Straight is a newspaper..."As noted by McLeod, the paper is known as a vocal critic of government, notably the former Liberal government of Gordon Campbell. In the mid-1990s a second Straight newspaper in Calgary, called the Calgary Straight was produced, its existence was brief. Bob Geldof worked as a music journalist for the Georgia Straight in the 1970s before he returned to Ireland and joined the Boomtown Rats.
2006 The Straight moves into its own renovated four-storey building at 1701 West Broadway. Architect J. Kerrigan Sproule upgrades a commercial building constructed in 1948 by adding one more level of underground parking and a fourth-floor amenity space with spectacular views of the city; the fourth-floor addition includes a kitchen, lunch room, exercise room, large patio area, a shower for employees. Extensive landscaping, including 11 trees and various shrubs, transforms the Pine Street side of the site and the back alley; the emblematic Mr. Wuxtry appears on a flag hanging on the Broadway side of the building; the Straight's move comes as this section of the Broadway corridor experiences significant growth with the addition of several new restaurants and retail outlets. A readership survey conducted on behalf of The Georgia Straight in 2007 found that: In its core market of the City of Vancouver, 61 percent of all adults 18+ reported reading a copy of the Georgia Straight within the past six issues.
By comparison, 48% of respondents indicated reading the Vancouver Sun within
The Guardian (Charlottetown)
The Guardian is a daily newspaper published six days a week in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada. The paper was launched in the 1870s as The Presbyterian and Evangelical Protestant Union, owned by Presbyterian minister Stephen G. Lawson, it adopted its current name in 1887. After a succession of local owners, the newspaper was bought by Thomson Corporation in the 1950s. Southam Newspapers acquired the paper from Thomson in 1996, before being itself acquired by Canwest Global Communications in 2000. Canwest sold the paper to Transcontinental in 2002, before being sold to SaltWire Network, a newly formed parent company of The Chronicle Herald, in April 2017; the Guardian had a sister publication, The Evening Patriot, discontinued in 1995 amid efficiency changes by the publishers. While the slogan of The Guardian for many years has been'Covers the Island like the dew', it remains principally a Charlottetown publication, with the Journal Pioneer in Summerside to the west and The Eastern Graphic in Montague to the east.
In 2010 the daily weekday circulation was 18,000. The Guardian is printed in Borden-Carleton. List of newspapers in Canada Official website
Writers' Trust of Canada
The Writers' Trust of Canada, or La Société d'encouragement aux écrivains du Canada, is a charitable organization which provides financial support to Canadian writers. Founded by Margaret Atwood, Pierre Berton, Graeme Gibson, Margaret Laurence, David Young, registered as a charitable organization on March 3, 1976, the Writers' Trust celebrates and rewards the talents and achievements of Canada's novelists, short story writers, poets and other fiction and nonfiction writers; the organization funds and administers a number of Canadian literary awards including the Rogers Writers' Trust Fiction Prize and the Hilary Weston Writers' Trust Prize for Nonfiction, the richest award for nonfiction in Canada. As well, the organization funds scholarships for the Humber College School for Writers Correspondence Program. Annual fundraisers include the Pen in Ottawa. Money raised to finance the charitable activities of the Writers' Trust is drawn exclusively from the private sector. To advance and celebrate Canadian writers and writing.
To champion excellence in Canadian writing, to improve the status of writers in this country, to create connections between writers and readers. Support Canadian writers as a nonpartisan, not-for-profit organization; the Writers' Trust of Canada is run by a board of directors composed of volunteers from the arts and business communities, counseled by an authors' advisory group of writers from across the country. Five staff members see to the day-to-day operations out of a downtown Toronto office shared with the Writers' Union of Canada. Juries are composed of writers based on recommendations by the authors' advisory group. Prize winners are announced at the annual Writers' Trust Awards with the following exceptions: The Shaughnessy Cohen Prize for Political Writing is handed out at Politics and the Pen in Ottawa; the RBC Bronwen Wallace Award for Emerging Writers winner is announced separately in the spring. The Dayne Ogilvie Prize is presented during Toronto's Pride Week. All awards are open to permanent residents of Canada.
Winners are decided by an independent jury consisting of three prominent writers. The Shaughnessy Cohen Prize for Political Writing was established in honour of Shaughnessy Cohen, an outspoken and popular Member of Parliament from Windsor, Ontario. A prize of C$25,000 is given annually to a book of literary nonfiction that captures a political subject of relevance to Canadian readers and has the potential to shape or influence thinking on contemporary Canadian political life; the winning work combines compelling new insights with depth of research and significant literary merit. All finalist works will demonstrate a distinctive voice, as well as a persuasive and compelling command of tone, narrative and analysis; the prize values books which provide the general reader with an informed, unique perspective on the practice of Canadian politics, its players, or its principles. The jurors will shortlist between five titles. Prizes of C$2,500 will be awarded to each of the finalists. Past winners include Jane Jacobs for Dark Age Ahead and James Orbinski for An Imperfect Offering: Humanitarian Action in the Twenty-first Century.
The RBC Bronwen Wallace Award for Emerging Writers was established by author Carolyn Smart and honours the memory of Bronwen Wallace, a Canadian poet and short story writer who died of cancer at the age of 44. The C$5,000 award alternates each year between short poetry; as Ms. Wallace's first book was not published until she was 35, the annual award is given to a writer below the age of 35, published in literary journals but has yet to be published in book form. Two finalists each receive C$1,000. Past winners include Jeramy Dodds and Alison Pick; the Royal Bank of Canada Foundation sponsors the award as part of their RBC Emerging Artists Project, which works to support talented young adults in their development of professional careers in the arts. In 2008, the prize presentation was moved from the fall to the spring, creating the absence of 2007's award. Consisting of a C$60,000 grand prize and C$5,000 for each finalist, the Hilary Weston Writers' Trust Prize for Nonfiction is the most lucrative for Canadian nonfiction literature.
The prize is awarded for literary excellence in the category of nonfiction, which includes, among other forms: personal or journalistic essays, commentary, both social and political criticism and biography. Finalist works demonstrate, in the opinion of the jury, a distinctive voice, as well as a persuasive and compelling command of tone, narrative and technique; the jury is free to interpret the definition of literary nonfiction as they see fit and finalist works are not required to encapsulate every aspect of the definition. First established in 1997, the award's original corporate sponsor was Viacom. Pearson Ca
Lawrence Hill is a Canadian novelist and memoirist. He is best known for his 2013 Massey Lectures Blood: The Stuff of Life, his 2007 novel The Book of Negroes and his 2001 memoir Black Berry, Sweet Juice: On Being Black and White in Canada. Hill was born in Newmarket, Ontario, to American immigrants – a black father and white mother – who moved to Toronto from Washington, D. C. in 1953. Hill served as chair of the jury for the 2016 Scotiabank Giller Prize. Hill was born in 1957 in Ontario. On his father's side, Hill's grandfather and great grandfather were university-educated, ordained ministers of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. Hill's father, Daniel G. Hill, became the first director and the chairperson of the Ontario Human Rights Commission. Daniel Hill served as the Ombudsman of Ontario and published a still seminal work about Black history in Canada: The Freedom Seekers: Blacks in Early Canada. Hill's mother, Donna Mae Hill, came from a Republican family in Oak Park, graduated from Oberlin College and went on to work for a Democratic Senator and become a civil rights activist in Washington, D.
C. Donna Hill worked as a human rights activist for the Toronto Labor Committee for Human Rights in the early 1950s and worked to persuade the Ontario government to enact anti-discrimination legislation. Writing on Black history: A Black Man's Toronto, 1914-1980: The Reminiscences of Harry Gaiery, Donna Hill's book was published in 1980 by the Multicultural History Society of Ontario. Daniel and Donna Hill co-founded The Ontario Black History Society with Wilson O. Brooks and other friends, their second son, Lawrence Hill grew up in the predominantly white suburb of Don Mills, Ontario in the sixties with his brother, singer-songwriter and writer Dan Hill and sister, the late Karen Hill, who wrote a novel, short stories, poems and an essay which remain to be published. After attending the University of Toronto Schools, Hill earned a B. A in economics from Laval University in Quebec City and also earned an M. A. in writing from Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. Hill has been awarded honorary doctorates from The University of Toronto, Wilfrid Laurier University, The University of Waterloo, Dalhousie University and The University of Western Ontario and is a Senior Fellow at Massey College at the University of Toronto.
Hill taught undergraduate fiction writing while completing his M. A. at Johns Hopkins, since graduating has taught creative writing or mentored creative writers in numerous adult education programs, forming a rich part of his engagement with the world of Canadian letters. Some of the many places he has taught or mentored include: The Booming Ground program at the University of British Columbia, the Humber School for Writers, Sage Hill Writing Experience and The Banff Centre. Hill has served numerous times on juries granting literary awards or writing grants, has spoken many times at academic and social conferences, literary festivals, libraries and high schools across Canada, the United States, Europe, South America, South Africa, the Caribbean and Australia. Having lived and worked in Baltimore and France, Lawrence Hill presently lives with his second wife, the writer Miranda Hill, in Hamilton, in Woody Point, Newfoundland, he has a son. As of September 2016, Lawrence Hill is affiliated with the University of Guelph.
Hill's first passion was running, but despite years of intense training and competing his dreams of becoming an elite athlete and winning an Olympic gold medal in the 5,000 meters were not realized. He threw himself into writing in his teenage years and completed his first story at the early age of 14. After receiving his B. A. in economics at Laval University, Hill worked for four years as a full-time newspaper reporter for The Globe and Mail, for The Winnipeg Free Press. He went on to be the parliamentary bureau chief for the newspaper in Ottawa, covering Parliament, the Supreme Court of Canada and a wide range of cultural and social issues. Resigning from his position as parliamentary bureau chief in 1986, Hill moved to Spain to begin writing fiction full-time; the work of his parents in the human rights movement and Black history influenced Hill's work in identity and belonging as a writer. Hill curated and wrote the exhibit on his father for the Ontario Archives, called The Freedom Seeker: The Life and Times of Daniel G. Hill.
Now the author of ten books, Hill's nonfiction books include Trials and Triumphs: The Story of African-Canadians, Women of Vision: The Story of the Canadian Negro Women's Association, Black Berry, Sweet Juice: On Being Black and White in Canada, The Deserter's Tale: The Story of An Ordinary Soldier Who Walked Away from the War in Iraq, Dear Sir, I Intend to Burn Your Book: An Anatomy of a Book Burning and Blood: The Stuff of Life. Hill's fictional works include Some Great Thing, Any Known Blood,The Book of Negroes, The Illegal, which brought his work to broad public attention and won numerous awards. Published in at least ten countries The Book of Negroes won several awards including the Rogers Writers' Trust Fiction Prize, both CBC Radio's Canada Reads and Radio-Canada's Le Combat des livres, the Commonwealth Writers' Prize for Best Book; the novel has been chosen by community or academic reading programs encouraging all citizens or incoming first-year students to read and discuss at Dalhousie University, Trent University, the Calgary Public Library, The City of Rothesay, the Hamilton Public Library and the One Book One Community program linking Kitchener and Cambridge, Ontario.
The Book of Negroes was adapted into a six-part television mi
Zoe Whittall is a Canadian poet, novelist and TV writer. She has published four three poetry collections to date. Whittall was born in 1976 in the Eastern Townships of Quebec and spent her childhood on a farm on the outskirts of South Durham, she graduated from Dawson College in Montreal in 1995, attended Concordia University from 1995 to 1997, completed an MFA in Creative Writing from the University of Guelph in 2009. She works as a TV writer and worked as an arts reporter and in small press publishing, she lives in Toronto. Her first novel, Bottle Rocket Hearts, was named a Globe and Mail Best Book of the Year and one of the top ten essential Canadian novels of the decade by CBC's Canada Reads, she won the Writers' Trust of Canada's Dayne Ogilvie Grant for best gay emerging writer in 2008. She subsequently served on the award's 2011 jury. Holding Still for as Long as Possible, Whittall's second novel, was published in 2009 in Canada and 2010 in the United States, it has been optioned for film, was shortlisted for the 2010 ReLit Award.
It was an honour book for the American Library Association's Stonewall Book Award in 2011, as well as winning a Lambda Literary Award. In 2010 she published a short novella for Orca Books' Rapid Reads series called The Middle Ground, a book for adults with low literacy skills, her poetry books include The Best Ten Minutes of Your Life, The Emily Valentine Poems and Precordial Thump. She edited the short fiction anthology Geeks, Misfits & Outlaws in 2003. In 2016, her novel The Best Kind of People was published in Canada by House of Anansi and shortlisted for the Scotiabank Giller Prize. In 2017, it was published in hardcover in the U. K. by Hodder & Stoughton, in the United States by Ballantine Books, an imprint of Penguin Random House. The novel is being adapted for feature film by director Sarah Polley; the Best Kind of People was named Indigo's #1 Book of 2016, a best book of the year by Walrus Magazine, The Globe & Mail, Toronto Life, The National Post. Her forthcoming novel is called The Spectacular, will be published by HarperCollins Canada and Penguin Random House U.
S. in 2019. In 2018, Whittall won a Canadian Screen Award for Best Writing in a Variety or Sketch Comedy Series for Baroness Von Sketch Show, alongside Aurora Browne, Meredith MacNeill, Carolyn Taylor, Jennifer Whalen, Jennifer Goodhue, Monica Heisey and Mae Martin. Bottle Rocket Hearts, 2007 Holding Still For as Long as Possible, 2009 The Middle Ground, 2010 The Best Kind of People, 2016 The Best Ten Minutes of Your Life, 2001 The Emily Valentine Poems, 2006 Precordial Thump, 2008 Zoe Whittall
The Globe and Mail
The Globe and Mail is a Canadian newspaper printed in five cities in western and central Canada. With a weekly readership of 2,018,923 in 2015, it is Canada's most read newspaper on weekdays and Saturdays, although it falls behind the Toronto Star in overall weekly circulation because the Star publishes a Sunday edition while the Globe does not; the Globe and Mail is regarded by some as Canada's "newspaper of record". The newspaper is owned based in Toronto; the predecessor to The Globe and Mail was called The Globe. Brown's liberal politics led him to court the support of the Clear Grits, precursor to the modern Liberal Party of Canada; the Globe began in Toronto as a weekly party organ for Brown's Reform Party, but seeing the economic gains that he could make in the newspaper business, Brown soon targeted a wide audience of liberal minded freeholders. He selected as the motto for the editorial page a quotation from Junius, "The subject, loyal to the Chief Magistrate will neither advise nor submit to arbitrary measures."
The quotation is carried on the editorial page to this day. By the 1850s, The Globe had become an well-regarded daily newspaper, it began distribution by railway to other cities in Ontario shortly after Confederation. At the dawn of the twentieth century, The Globe added photography, a women's section, the slogan "Canada's National Newspaper", which remains on its front-page banner, it began opening bureaus and offering subscriptions across Canada. On 23 November 1936, The Globe merged with The Mail and Empire, itself formed through the 1895 merger of two conservative newspapers, The Toronto Mail and Toronto Empire. Press reports at the time stated, "the minnow swallowed the whale" because The Globe's circulation was smaller than The Mail and Empire's; the merger was arranged by George McCullagh, who fronted for mining magnate William Henry Wright and became the first publisher of The Globe and Mail. McCullagh committed suicide in 1952, the newspaper was sold to the Webster family of Montreal.
As the paper lost ground to The Toronto Star in the local Toronto market, it began to expand its national circulation. The newspaper was unionised under the banner of the American Newspaper Guild. From 1937 until 1974, the newspaper was produced at the William H. Wright Building, located at 140 King Street West on the northeast corner of King Street and York Street, close to the homes of the Toronto Daily Star at Old Toronto Star Building at 80 King West and the Old Toronto Telegram Building at Bay and Melinda; the building at 130 King Street West was demolished in 1974 to make way for First Canadian Place, the newspaper moved to 444 Front Street West, the headquarters of the Toronto Telegram newspaper, built in 1963. In 1965, the paper was bought by Winnipeg-based FP Publications, controlled by Bryan Maheswary, which owned a chain of local Canadian newspapers. FP put a strong emphasis on the Report on Business section, launched in 1962, thereby building the paper's reputation as the voice of Toronto's business community.
FP Publications and The Globe and Mail were sold in 1980 to The Thomson Corporation, a company run by the family of Kenneth Thomson. After the acquisition there were few changes made in news policy. However, there was more attention paid to national and international news on the editorial, op-ed, front pages in contrast to its previous policy of stressing Toronto and Ontario material; the Globe and Mail has always been a morning newspaper. Since the 1980s, it has been printed in separate editions in six Canadian cities: Montreal, Winnipeg and Vancouver. Southern Ontario Newspaper Guild employees took their first strike vote at The Globe in 1982 marking a new era in relations with the company; those negotiations ended without a strike, the Globe unit of SONG still has a strike-free record. SONG members voted in 1994 to sever ties with the American-focused Newspaper Guild. Shortly afterwards, SONG affiliated with the Communications and Paperworkers Union of Canada. Under the editorship of William Thorsell in the 1980s and 1990s, the paper endorsed the free trade policies of Progressive Conservative Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.
The paper became an outspoken proponent of the Meech Lake Accord and the Charlottetown Accord, with their editorial the day of the 1995 Quebec Referendum quoting a Mulroney speech in favour of the Accord. During this period, the paper continued to favour such liberal policies as decriminalizing drugs and expanding gay rights. In 1995, the paper launched globeandmail.com. Since the launch of the National Post as another English-language national paper in 1998, some industry analysts had proclaimed a "national newspaper war" between The Globe and Mail and the National Post; as a response to this threat, in 2001, The Globe and Mail was combined with broadcast assets held by Bell Canada to form the joint venture Bell Globemedia. In 2004, access to some features of globeandmail.com became restricted to paid subscribers only. The subscription service was reduced a few years to include an electronic edition of the newspaper, access to its archives, membership to a premium investment site