A film director is a person who directs the making of a film. A film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the screenplay while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfilment of that vision; the director has a key role in choosing the cast members, production design, the creative aspects of filmmaking. Under European Union law, the director is viewed as the author of the film; the film director gives direction to the cast and crew and creates an overall vision through which a film becomes realized, or noticed. Directors need to be able to mediate differences in creative visions and stay within the boundaries of the film's budget. There are many pathways to becoming a film director; some film directors started as screenwriters, producers, film editors or actors. Other film directors have attended a film school. Directors use different approaches; some outline a general plotline and let the actors improvise dialogue, while others control every aspect, demand that the actors and crew follow instructions precisely.
Some directors write their own screenplays or collaborate on screenplays with long-standing writing partners. Some directors appear in their films, or compose the music score for their films. A film director's task is to envisage a way to translate a screenplay into a formed film, to realize this vision. To do this, they oversee the technical elements of film production; this entails organizing the film crew in such a way to achieve their vision of the film. This requires skills of group leadership, as well as the ability to maintain a singular focus in the stressful, fast-paced environment of a film set. Moreover, it is necessary to have an artistic eye to frame shots and to give precise feedback to cast and crew, excellent communication skills are a must. Since the film director depends on the successful cooperation of many different creative individuals with strongly contradicting artistic ideals and visions, he or she needs to possess conflict resolution skills in order to mediate whenever necessary.
Thus the director ensures that all individuals involved in the film production are working towards an identical vision for the completed film. The set of varying challenges he or she has to tackle has been described as "a multi-dimensional jigsaw puzzle with egos and weather thrown in for good measure", it adds to the pressure that the success of a film can influence when and how they will work again, if at all. The sole superiors of the director are the producer and the studio, financing the film, although sometimes the director can be a producer of the same film; the role of a director differs from producers in that producers manage the logistics and business operations of the production, whereas the director is tasked with making creative decisions. The director must work within the restrictions of the film's budget and the demands of the producer and studio. Directors play an important role in post-production. While the film is still in production, the director sends "dailies" to the film editor and explains his or her overall vision for the film, allowing the editor to assemble an editor's cut.
In post-production, the director works with the editor to edit the material into the director's cut. Well-established directors have the "final cut privilege", meaning that they have the final say on which edit of the film is released. For other directors, the studio can order further edits without the director's permission; the director is one of the few positions that requires intimate involvement during every stage of film production. Thus, the position of film director is considered to be a stressful and demanding one, it has been said that "20-hour days are not unusual". Some directors take on additional roles, such as producing, writing or editing. Under European Union law, the film director is considered the "author" or one of the authors of a film as a result of the influence of auteur theory. Auteur theory is a film criticism concept that holds that a film director's film reflects the director's personal creative vision, as if they were the primary "auteur". In spite of—and sometimes because of—the production of the film as part of an industrial process, the auteur's creative voice is distinct enough to shine through studio interference and the collective process.
Some film directors started as screenwriters, film producers or actors. Several American cinematographers have become directors, including Barry Sonnenfeld the Coen brothers' DP. Other film directors have attended a film school to get a bachelors degree studying cinema. Film students study the basic skills used in making a film; this includes, for example, shot lists and storyboards, protocols of dealing with professional actors, reading scripts. Some film schools are equipped with post-production facilities. Besides basic technical and logistical skills, students receive education on the nature of professional relationships that occur during film production. A full degree course can be designed for up to five years of studying. Future directors complete short films during their enrollment; the National Film School of Denmark has the student's final projects presented on national TV. Some film schools retain the rights for their students' works. Many directors prepared for making feature films by working in television.
The German Film and Television Academy Berlin cooperate
Soul Plane is a 2004 American comedy film directed by Jessy Terrero, written by Bo Zenga and starring Tom Arnold, Kevin Hart, Method Man and Snoop Dogg. Supporting actors include Mo'Nique, Loni Love, K. D. Aubert, D. L. Hughley and Sofia Vergara. Nashawn Wade claims that he has loved planes since he was a baby, but he has a horrible experience with a typical airline: his dog Dre was classified as a checked baggage instead of a carry-on, he eats a horrible airline meal, his buttocks gets stuck in the toilet while he has explosive diarrhea during turbulence, Dre is sucked through a jet engine. Nashawn is taken away after an emergency landing with an ice cube on his buttocks to cool it off from turbulence. In response to the torture he has, he is awarded $100,000,000 by the jury, he decides to use the money to start his own airline, called N. W. A. Whose acronym and logo are a pop culture reference to rap group N. W. A; the airline caters to African Americans and hip hop culture. The terminal at the airport is called the Malcolm X terminal, the plane is a modified Boeing 747SP, customized with low-rider hydraulics, blended winglets to compensate for the drag from the decorations, a dance club.
The safety video is a spoof of the Destiny's Child song "Survivor". After taking off from Los Angeles International Airport, Nashawn must deal with a multitude of problems, starting with his acrophobic captain, Captain Mack. At a cruising altitude of Flight Level 330, it is revealed that he has never left the ground because he learned to fly on computer simulators in prison. Meanwhile, his cousin Muggsey sets up a miniature casino and strip joint in one of the areas of the plane, Nashawn's ex-girlfriend is on board and less than happy to see him. Meanwhile, the Hunkee family, the only caucasian passengers on board, must deal with their own problems. Captain Mack dies after eating mushrooms that the co-pilot, First Officer Gaemon, uses to soothe his genital crabs. Nashawn attempts to contact Gaemon, incapacitated after slipping near a hot tub, forcing Nashawn to attempt to land the plane himself. Nashawn lands the plane safely, using the airplane stewardess' flight knowledge which she learned while having sex in the cockpit with the pilot on another plane.
The plane lands in the middle of Central Park instead of John F. Kennedy International Airport, the spinners are stolen from the plane. Nashawn reconciles with his ex-girlfriend after earlier revealing to her that he only broke up with her so she would not give up her college opportunities for him; the movie ends with Nashawn telling the audience the fate of his crew. He claims that he and his ex-girlfriend are back together taking their relationship slow this time around, his cousin Muggsey has started a strip club and gambling casino located in another airplane similar to the club in Nashawn's plane, Elvis Hunkee has begun a sexual relationship with one of the abrasive airline security guards, Elvis Hunkee's son has become a major music video director but has disappeared shortly after filming a Michael Jackson video. Captain Mack wakes up with both his chain and clothing stolen. Soul Plane opened on May 2004 in 1,566 theaters. In its opening weekend, the film made $5,648,486 in the domestic box office, ranking number five behind Shrek 2, The Day After Tomorrow and Raising Helen.
At the end of its run, the film grossed $14,190,750 domestically and $631,596 overseas for a worldwide total of $14,822,346. In an interview on the podcast WTF with Marc Maron, Hart said that part of the reason for the poor box office turnout was due to bootlegging, which had begun three months before the film was released in theaters, he explained, "on the street, made 40 million dollars". Hart told Marc Maron that during a premiere, fans were coming up to him asking him to sign copies of the bootleg. Hart does, credit Soul Plane for making him popular enough to start touring around the country; the film received negative reviews from critics. Review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes gave it an 18% approval rating and a weighted average from a total of 101 reviews, with a consensus calling it a "raunchy sendup of Airplane! that never takes off." On Metacritic, the film has a 33/100 rating based on 26 reviews, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews". Stephen Holden of The New York Times says in his review: "This hectic farce, which pushes every envelope, is so broad and relentlessly raunchy that it makes a spoof like Airplane seem as demure as a vintage drawing-room comedy."In late 2014, the film appeared on Empire magazine's users-voted list of "The 50 Worst Movies Ever", ranking number 47.
Its given reason for being listed states: "This was billed as an "urban" take on Airplane! That's a bad idea to begin with: like Scary Movie, parodies of a parody are on to a loser from the start, but with the addition of crude racial stereotyping and a fatal lack of funny, this goes from bad to worst. If more voters had seen it, this would be in the top ten." Soul Plane on IMDb Soul Plane at Box Office Mojo Soul Plane at Rotten Tomatoes Soul Plane at Metacritic
Moesha is an American sitcom series that aired on the UPN from January 23, 1996, to May 14, 2001. The series stars R&B singer Brandy Norwood as Moesha Denise Mitchell, a high school student living with her family in the Leimert Park neighborhood of Los Angeles, it was ordered as a pilot for CBS's 1995–1996 television season but was rejected by the network. It was picked up by UPN, which aired it as a mid-season replacement, it went on to become the biggest success for the nascent network and one of the greatest hits over the course of the network's entire run. The series was a joint production of Regan Jon Productions, Saradipity Productions, Jump at the Sun Productions in association with Big Ticket Television for UPN; the show focuses on the life of an upper-middle class African-American family through the eyes of a typical girl named Moesha. Her father Frank, a widower and Saturn car salesman, has married Dee, the vice principal at Moesha's high school, much to Moesha's disagreement; the series was created by Ralph Farquhar, along with the writing team of Sara V.
Finney and Vida Spears. The settings for the show include the Mitchell household, the teen hangout, The Den, in some cases, Crenshaw High School, Kim and Hakeem's high school; the sitcom was set in the Leimert Park neighborhood of California. The show dealt with real teen social issues such as teen pregnancy, drug use, race relations, premarital sex, the death of a parent, day-to-day issues teenagers faced at home and school. In one of the most controversial episodes, "Secrets and Lies", the Mitchell family learned from Aunt Hattie that Frank is the biological father of Dorian, whom the Mitchells and Dorian himself believed to be Frank's nephew; the shocking news of Frank's infidelity during his first marriage turned the family upside-down and resulted in Dorian's rebellion and Moesha's relocation from her home. Moesha Denise Mitchell – Like many teens, Moesha is trying to find her place in life. At every turn, along with her friends and family, experiences new challenges and hilarious situations associated with the pressures and demands of growing up in an confusing world.
Moesha is headstrong, at times stubborn, but stands up for what she believes is right. From Season 1-5, Moesha would open the show speaking in her thoughts into her "diary". Moesha is 15-16 in Season 1, 16 in Season 2, 16-17 in Season 3, 17-18 in Season 4, 18-19 in Season 5, 19-20 in Season 6. Franklin "Frank" Mitchell – A Saturn dealer and father to Moesha and Myles. Believed to be Dorian's uncle, he is revealed to be the young man's father. Frank is a member of Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity. Deirdre "Dee" Mitchell – A high-school principal attempting to balance her primary career with two additional ones as wife to Frank and stepmother to Moesha and Myles, she would speak in a thick Jamaican accent when talking about her childhood. It is inferred that Dee is a member of Delta Sigma Theta sorority due to a quote in the episode "Niece" in which Moesha says that she wouldn't be persuaded by Dee with Delta picnics Kimberly "Kim" Parker – Moesha's boy-crazy best friend who has a crush on Hakeem, but dated Michael.
She left the show after the fourth season to star in her own spin-off series The Parkers. Myles Mitchell — Moesha's pesky younger brother. During the beginning of the series, he was known for playing practical jokes on his sister and her friends. Hakeem Campbell — A frequent visitor to the Mitchell household, he is Moesha’s lifelong friend and neighbor, her boyfriend. In the spinoff The Parkers, it was revealed, he dated Kim's best friend Stevie Van Lowe. Andell Wilkerson — Moesha's older friend and owner of the neighborhood hangout The Den. Andell is bar. Denise "Niecy" Jackson — Moesha's best friend and her roommate. Quinton "Q" Brooks — Moesha's longest-running love interest, he is from New York City and had an on-off relationship with Moesha until departing in Season 3 to manage a rap group. In Season 6, Q proposes to Moesha which she accepts, but the engagement is called off when Q wants to sell Moesha's engagement ring to help support his rap group on Thanksgiving Dorian Long — Moesha's and Myles' brother thought to be their cousin.
Dorian is from Oakland but runs away from his mother's home to live with the Mitchell's. He was known to be a troublemaker back in Oakland. Dorian is an aspiring rapper going by the nickname, "D-Money". Bernie Mac as Bernie Mitchell, Moesha's uncle and Frank's brother. W." Willis, a mechanic working for Frank.
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC
An actor is a person who portrays a character in a performance. The actor performs "in the flesh" in the traditional medium of the theatre or in modern media such as film and television; the analogous Greek term is ὑποκριτής "one who answers". The actor's interpretation of their role—the art of acting—pertains to the role played, whether based on a real person or fictional character. Interpretation occurs when the actor is "playing themselves", as in some forms of experimental performance art. In ancient Greece and Rome, the medieval world, the time of William Shakespeare, only men could become actors, women's roles were played by men or boys. After the English Restoration of 1660, women began to appear on stage in England. In modern times in pantomime and some operas, women play the roles of boys or young men. After 1660 in England, when women first started to appear on stage, the terms actor or actress were used interchangeably for female performers, but influenced by the French actrice, actress became the used term for women in theater and film.
The etymology is a simple derivation from actor with -ess added. When referring to groups of performers of both sexes, actors is preferred. Actor is used before the full name of a performer as a gender-specific term. Within the profession, the re-adoption of the neutral term dates to the post-war period of the 1950 and'60s, when the contributions of women to cultural life in general were being reviewed; when The Observer and The Guardian published their new joint style guide in 2010, it stated "Use for both male and female actors. The guide's authors stated that "actress comes into the same category as authoress, manageress,'lady doctor','male nurse' and similar obsolete terms that date from a time when professions were the preserve of one sex.". "As Whoopi Goldberg put it in an interview with the paper:'An actress can only play a woman. I'm an actor – I can play anything.'" The UK performers' union Equity has no policy on the use of "actor" or "actress". An Equity spokesperson said that the union does not believe that there is a consensus on the matter and stated that the "...subject divides the profession".
In 2009, the Los Angeles Times stated that "Actress" remains the common term used in major acting awards given to female recipients. With regard to the cinema of the United States, the gender-neutral term "player" was common in film in the silent film era and the early days of the Motion Picture Production Code, but in the 2000s in a film context, it is deemed archaic. However, "player" remains in use in the theatre incorporated into the name of a theatre group or company, such as the American Players, the East West Players, etc. Actors in improvisational theatre may be referred to as "players". In 2015, Forbes reported that "...just 21 of the 100 top-grossing films of 2014 featured a female lead or co-lead, while only 28.1% of characters in 100 top-grossing films were female...". "In the U. S. there is an "industry-wide in salaries of all scales. On average, white women get paid 78 cents to every dollar a white man makes, while Hispanic women earn 56 cents to a white male's dollar, Black women 64 cents and Native American women just 59 cents to that."
Forbes' analysis of US acting salaries in 2013 determined that the "...men on Forbes' list of top-paid actors for that year made 21/2 times as much money as the top-paid actresses. That means that Hollywood's best-compensated actresses made just 40 cents for every dollar that the best-compensated men made." The first recorded case of a performing actor occurred in 534 BC when the Greek performer Thespis stepped onto the stage at the Theatre Dionysus to become the first known person to speak words as a character in a play or story. Prior to Thespis' act, Grecian stories were only expressed in song, in third person narrative. In honor of Thespis, actors are called Thespians; the male actors in the theatre of ancient Greece performed in three types of drama: tragedy and the satyr play. Western theatre developed and expanded under the Romans; the theatre of ancient Rome was a thriving and diverse art form, ranging from festival performances of street theatre, nude dancing, acrobatics, to the staging of situation comedies, to high-style, verbally elaborate tragedies.
As the Western Roman Empire fell into decay through the 4th and 5th centuries, the seat of Roman power shifted to Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire. Records show that mime, scenes or recitations from tragedies and comedies and other entertainments were popular. From the 5th century, Western Europe was plunged into a period of general disorder. Small nomadic bands of actors traveled around Europe throughout the period, performing wherever they could find an audience. Traditionally, actors were not of high status. Early Middle Ages actors were denounced by the Church during the Dark Ages, as they were viewed as dangerous and pagan. In many parts of Europe, traditional beliefs of the region and time period meant actors could not receive a Christian burial. In the Early Middle Ages, churches in Europe began staging dramatized versions of biblical events. By the middle of the 11th century, liturgical drama had spread from Russia to Scandinavia
Beloved (1998 film)
Beloved is a 1998 American horror-drama film based on Toni Morrison's 1987 novel of the same name, directed by Jonathan Demme and starring Oprah Winfrey, Danny Glover, Thandie Newton. The plot centers on a former slave after the American Civil War, her haunting by a poltergeist, the visitation of her reincarnated daughter whom she murdered out of desperation to save her from a slave owner. Despite being a box office bomb, Beloved received an Academy Award nomination for Best Costume Design for Colleen Atwood, both Danny Glover and Kimberly Elise received praise for their performances. Sethe is a former slave living on the outskirts of Cincinnati shortly after the Civil War. An angry poltergeist terrorizes Sethe and her three children, causing her two sons to run away forever. Eight years Sethe lives alone with her daughter, Denver. Paul D. an old friend from Sweet Home, the plantation Sethe had escaped from years earlier, finds Sethe's home, where he drives off the angry spirit that inhabits it.
Afterwards, Paul D. proposes that he should stay and Sethe responds favorably. Shortly after Paul D. moves in, a clean and mentally handicapped young woman named Beloved finds her way into Sethe's yard and is taken in by her. Denver is happy to have Beloved around, but learns that she is Sethe's reincarnated daughter. Nonetheless, she chooses not to divulge Beloved's origins to Sethe. One night, aware that Paul D. dislikes her, immobilizes him with a spell and proceeds to rape him. Paul D. resolves to tell Sethe what happened, but instead tells what has happened to a co-worker, Stamp Paid. Stamp Paid, who has known Sethe for many years, pulls a newspaper clipping featuring Sethe and tells her story to the illiterate Paul D. Years ago, Sethe was raped by the nephews of the owner of Sweet Home, she complained to Schoolteacher's sister-in-law, who confronted him. In retaliation and his nephews brutally whip Sethe, leaving a "tree" of keloid scars on her back. Pregnant with her fourth child, Sethe planned to escape.
Her other children were sent off earlier to live with Baby Suggs, Sethe's mother-in-law, but Sethe stayed behind to look for her husband, Halle. Sethe was assaulted while searching for him in the barn; the Schoolteacher's nephews raped her and forcibly took her breast milk. When Halle failed to comply, Sethe ran off alone, she crossed paths with Amy Denver, a white girl who treated Sethe's injuries and delivered Sethe's child, whom Sethe named Denver after Amy. Sethe reached Baby Suggs' home, but her initial happiness was short-lived when Schoolteacher came to claim Sethe and her children. In desperation, Sethe slits her older daughter's throat, attempts to kill her other children. Stamp Paid manages to stop her and the disgusted Schoolteacher departs. Paul D. horrified by the revelation and understanding the origin of the poltergeist, confronts Sethe. Sethe justifies her decision without apology, claiming that her children would be better off dead than enslaved. Paul D. departs shortly thereafter in protest.
After Paul D.'s departure, Sethe realizes. Feeling elated yet guilty, Sethe spoils Beloved with elaborate gifts. Beloved soon throws a destructive tantrum and her malevolent presence causes living conditions in the house to deteriorate; the women live in squalor and Sethe is unable to work, having become physically and mentally drained by Beloved's parasitic nature. Denver becomes depressed yet, inspired by a memory of her grandmother's confidence in her, she musters the courage to leave the house and seek employment. After Denver attains employment, women from the local church visit Sethe's house at the request of her new co-worker to perform an exorcism, their motive for doing so is tempered with guilt. The women from the church comfort the family, they are praying and singing loudly when Denver's new employer arrives to pick her up for work. Sethe sees him and, reminded of Schoolteacher's arrival, tries to attack him with an icepick, but is subdued by Denver and the women. During the commotion, Beloved disappears and Sethe, freed from Beloved's grip, becomes permanently bedridden.
Some months Paul D. encounters Denver at the marketplace. He notices she has transformed into a mature young woman; when Paul D. arrives at Sethe's house, he finds her suffering from a deep malaise. He assures Sethe. Sethe tells him that she doesn't see the point, as Beloved, is gone. Paul D. disagrees. Oprah Winfrey as Sethe Danny Glover as Paul D. Thandie Newton as Beloved Kimberly Elise as Denver Hill Harper as Halle Beah Richards as Baby Suggs Lisa Gay Hamilton as Younger Sethe Jason Robards as Mr. Bodwin Harry Northup as Sheriff Jude Ciccolella as Schoolteacher Wes Bentley as Schoolteacher's Nephew Irma P. Hall as Ella Dorothy Love Coates as M. Lucille WilliamsJonathan Demme regular Charles Napier has a cameo as an angry carnie. Prior to Morrison's receipt of the Pulitzer Prize for Beloved, Winfrey purchased the rights to the novel in 1987. There was a conflict over screenplay credit with Akosua Busia demanding sole credit and saying Adam Brooks and Richard LaGravenese got too much. WGA gave credit to all three.
Busia said. Filming locations included a soundstage in Philadelphia, Landis Vall
High School High
High School High is a 1996 comedy film about an inner city high school in the Los Angeles, California area, starring Jon Lovitz, Tia Carrere, Mekhi Phifer, Louise Fletcher, Malinda Williams, Brian Hooks. It is a spoof of movies concerning idealistic teachers being confronted with a class of cynical teenagers, disengaged by conventional schooling, loosely parodies The Principal, Dangerous Minds, Lean on Me, The Substitute and Deliver, Grease; the film dedicated to the memory of casting director Elizabeth Leustig and actor Lexie Bigham both of whom were killed in automobile accidents shortly after filming was completed. Richard Clark is an unsatisfied prep school teacher at the fictional Wellington Academy, who accepts a job at inner city Marion Barry High School, much to the chagrin of his boss and father, Wellington headmaster Thaddeus Clark. Richard arrives to find the school in a state of disarray and disorder, while meeting several students and faculty members, including jaded, sour principal Evelyn Doyle, her cheerful assistant Victoria Chappell and student Griff McReynolds.
Despite initial opposition to his teaching style and harassment from the school gang leader Paco, Richard begins connecting with his students and teaches them while developing a romantic relationship with Victoria. Barry High is transformed into a fine educational establishment. Frustrated and his gang tamper with the school's final exam scores, causing everyone to fail. Griff, who grew to see Richard as a mentor, loses faith in him, as does the rest of the school and Richard is fired. Griff subsequently joins Paco's gang to make extra money. Victoria learns through word of mouth that Paco was behind the failing test scores and rushes to inform Richard, who decides to confront Paco and rescue Griff with the help of several of his students, including Anferny Jefferson, Natalie Thompson and Julie Rubels. By deceiving Mr. DeMarco, a local gangster and Victoria reach Paco and the local crime boss, "Mr. A", whom they find has been Principal Doyle the entire time. Griff is told the truth about the test scores and after a brief fight, Doyle and DeMarco are arrested.
Richard presides over the graduation ceremony and proudly names Griff as the class valedictorian. The six main students of the film graduate. Richard is in a relationship with Victoria. Jon Lovitz as Richard Clark, a naive Caucasian teacher whose main goal is to help underachieving students at Marion Barry High School succeed. Lovitz plays his own mother. Tia Carrere as Victoria Chappell, the principal's assistant who sympathizes with Richard. Louise Fletcher as Principal Evelyn Doyle, who believes Richard will fail. Mekhi Phifer as Griff McReynolds, one of Clark's students and a former gang member who aspires to graduate high school and attend college. Malinda Williams as Natalie Thompson, Griff's girlfriend. Guillermo Díaz as Paco de la Vega al Camino Cordoba Jose Cuervo Sanchez Rodriguez Jr. Griff's former gang partner. Brian Hooks as Anferny Jefferson, one of Clark's students, he is a dimwitted gang member who only knows of urban pop culture. Natasha Gregson Wagner as Julie Rubels, one of Clark's students, a teenage mother with many children.
Marco Rodríguez as Mr. DeMarco, a gangster, in the midst of a shady "business" deal with Paco and another mysterious gangster known as "Mr. A". John Neville as Thaddeus Clark, Richard's father. Lexie Bigham as Two-Bags, a member of Paco's gang. Gil Espinoza as Alonzo, a member of Paco's gang. Baoan Coleman as Mou Mou Bartender The film opened at #2 on the weekend of October 25, 1996, behind the film Sleepers; the film remained in the top 5 for the next two weekends. The film received negative reviews upon its release. On Rotten Tomatoes it has a 13% rating based on reviews from 15 critics, with an average rating of 4.2/10. On Metacritic it has a score of 33 based on reviews from 10 critics, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews". Roger Ebert gave the film 11⁄2 stars out of 4, said "the movie makes two mistakes: It isn't funny, it makes the crucial error of taking its story and angling for a happy ending." A soundtrack containing hip hop and R&B music was released on August 1996 via Big Beat Records.
The album peaked at #20 on the Billboard 200 and at #4 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums and was certified Gold by the Recording Industry Association of America for selling over 500,000 copies in the United States. High School High at Rotten Tomatoes High School High on IMDb High School High at Box Office Mojo Reel movie page Yahoo! Movies page