The Newtown Jets are an Australian rugby league football club based in Newtown, a suburb of Sydney's inner west. They compete in the Canterbury Cup NSW competition, having left the top grade after the 1983 NSWRFL season; the Jets' home ground is Henson Park, their team colours are blue and white. Established in 1908, Newtown were one of the founding members of the New South Wales Rugby Football League, they competed continuously in the NSWRFL premiership until their departure in 1983, the first reduction in the League since 1937. Over this period they won the competition three times; the club was founded on 8 January 1908 at a public meeting held at Newtown Town Hall, convened by the prominent Sydney sportsman James J. Giltinan, local MP Henry Hoyle, Harry Hamill, to be the fledgling club's first captain. Newtown is the oldest in existence; the second club, was formed on 9 January 1908. When the'Dirty Reds' were controversially excluded from the NSWRL Premiership in 1929, Newtown became the oldest Australian club.
There is some argument however over whether or not Newtown was the first Rugby league club in Australia, formed on 8 January 1908. The club's website stands by this claim, however other sources, most notably Terry Williams' book Out of the Blue: The History of Newtown RLFC, dispute this claim. Rugby league historian Sean Fagan holds that the date of 14 January 1908 is the correct foundation day; the minutes of the original meeting held by Newtown's Board shows the date as 8 January. Terry Rowney holds the original minutes. Newtown played in the NSWRFL Premiership from 1908–83, they won the 1910 NSWRFL Premiership after drawing the final was enough to see them win due to being minor premiers. A Newtown winger, Jack Scott, was the first to score a try in the New South Wales Rugby League premiership. Known as the "Newtown Bluebags" for most of its lifetime, the club adopted the Jets nickname in 1973 referring to Newtown's catchment area extending to Sydney Airport. Or due to the close proximity of the club's home ground, Henson Park, to the major north/south flight path for the airport.
The club won premierships in 1910, 1933 and 1943, finished second in 1913, 1914, 1929, 1944, 1954–55 and 1981. Jack Gibson took over as Newtown coach in 1973. Gibson picked his team on form, irrespective of seniority; the great Brian Moore had been relegated to the reserves bench throughout the preliminary rounds of the Wills Cup tournament, youngsters like Ian Satori, Dennis Gardiner, Peter Parry and Warren Snodgrass were all given a chance in the top grade. The Newtown side for the final was: Barry Cox, Mark Cohen, Dave Oliveri, John Bonham, John Bradstock, Ken Wilson, Des O'Connor, Neil Pringle, Gary Sullivan, Peter Parry, Tom Melville, Mark Robertson and Dennis Gardiner; the St. George line up was: Graeme Langlands, Geoff Carr, Ted Goodwin, Bob Clapham, John Chapman, Tony Branson, M. Shulman, Lindsay Drake, Peter Fitzgerald, Rod Reddy, Inisai Toga, Colin Rasmussen, Harry Eden; the Wills Cup Final was played under floodlights at the old Sydney Sports Ground on St Patricks day before a crowd of 13,180.
At half time St George looked certain to win. In the second half the Newtown forward pack gave the Saints a taste of their own medicine which helped gain tries for Melville and Robertson, both converted by Ken Wilson which reduced the St George lead to 15-12. Brian Moore brought on at half time, scored the final try, converted by Ken Wilson which sealed victory for Newtown in the last minute, making the game one of the most exciting comeback wins in Rugby League history; the 1981 Newtown team, which played in the club's last NSWRL premiership grand final, included the legends of game Tommy Raudonikis and Phil Gould. It was coached by Warren Ryan. Financial pressures forced the team out of the NSWRL Premiership at the end of 1983; the club continued pursuing various different alternatives. One such alternative, proposed for the 1985 season involved a full relocation to Orana Park, at Campbelltown in south/west Sydney, during this period the club was being run by their loyal stalwart and CEO, Frank Farrington.
This plan involved a name change to the Newtown-Campbelltown Jets. The proposal, including a new logo with the new name on the traditional royal blue jersey, was approved by the football club directors. In the end these plans fell through, as the economic recession of the early 1980s prevented the club from finding a suitable buyer of the Newtown Leagues Club, on Stanmore Road, Stanmore; this left the Jets out of the premier Australian Rugby league competitions. In 1988 the Jets were able to sell their clubhouse, now the Cyprus Community Club of NSW, but by time had elapsed and readmission to the top competition was not considered, it is worth noting, that for a short time in their final season of 1983, the Jets called Campbelltown home. As a show of commitment to the Campbelltown-Liverpool area, with a new junior league structure ready to be implemented at the Jets' instigation for the 1984 season, Newtown played six home games of the club's final season, at Orana Park in Campbelltown, including an opening round blockbuster against 1981-82 premiers Parramatta Eels, won 54-14 by a rampant Eels combination.
On August 27 Newtown played their last match, defeating Canberra 9-6. When the final deal between Newtown and the Campbelltown-Liverpool junior rugby league fell through in 1984 and it was confirmed by 1985 that Newtown would not be returning to top f
Hull Football Club referred to as Hull or Hull F. C. is a professional rugby league football club established in 1865 and based in West Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The club plays in the Super League competition and were known as Hull Sharks from 1996–99. Hull F. C. were one of the founding members of the Northern Rugby Football Union, formed in 1895 in Huddersfield, making them one of the world's first twenty-two rugby league clubs. That year they moved to the Hull Athletic Club's ground at the Boulevard, Airlie Street, which gave rise to their nickname the "Airlie Birds". Traditionally people from the west side of Hull support Hull F. C. while Hull Kingston Rovers are supported by the border being the River Hull. Old Faithful is a traditional Hull F. C. terrace song. The team shares the KCOM Stadium with association football side Hull City, their mascot is the "Airlie Bird". The club was formed in 1865 by a group of ex-schoolboys from York, most notably Anthony Bradley, at Rugby School.
The founders used to meet at the Young Men's Fellowship, at St Mary's Church, Lowgate. The vicar at that time was his five sons made up the nucleus of the team; the club took on members who were plumbers and glaziers. Soon another team, Hull White Star, was formed and the two clubs merged. Hull Football Club was one of the first clubs in the north of England to join the Rugby Football Union. Hull F. C. nicknamed the All Blacks, were one of the initial 22 clubs to form the Northern Union after the acrimonious split from the Rugby Football Union in 1895. The club moved from East Hull to the Hull Athletic Club at the Boulevard in 1895, subsequently played their first match there in September of that year. 8,000 people turned out to witness the first club's match in which Hull F. C. beat Liversedge. The early years of the Northern Union saw Hull F. C. prosper, their black and white irregular hooped jerseys, which they adopted in 1909 became one of the most famous and feared strips in the league. Between 1908–10, Hull F.
C. lost three consecutive Challenge Cup Finals. In the first. In the third final of 1910, they held Leeds to a 7–7 draw at Fartown, Huddersfield but were beaten in the replay held two days later. In 1913, they paid a world record £600, plus £14 per match, to Hunslet for Billy Batten, one of only seventeen players, the only representative from Hull F. C. so far inducted into the British Rugby League Hall of Fame. A year the Airlie Birds won their first Challenge Cup, beating Huddersfield in the semi-final and Wakefield Trinity in the final held in Halifax. Playing alongside Billy on that day was John "Jack" Harrison VC, MC who scored a try. Harrison scored 52 tries in the 1914 -- a club record that still stands. Twelve Hull F. C. players were killed during the First World War. Australian Jim Devereux became. In 1920, Batten was once again key in Hull F. C.'s first Championship Final, scoring the only try in the 3–2 victory over Huddersfield. The early-1920s were bittersweet years for the club. In 1921, Hull F.
C. lost the Yorkshire County Cup but won the county championship, both against rivals Hull Kingston Rovers. Hull F. C. could not match the successes of 1914, losing a further two consecutive cup finals in 1922 and 23 to Rochdale Hornets and Leeds but they managed to win the Yorkshire County Cup in 1923 and finish top of the league. In the early 1930s, Hull F. C. had a full goal kicker called Joe Oliver. Oliver was so dependable with the boot that the crowd at one match spontaneously started singing the Gene Autry song, Old Faithful, at him. Hull F. C. supporters adopted the song as their battle cry from on. Hull F. C.'s record attendance was set in 1936 when 28,798 turned up for the visit of Leeds for a third round Challenge cup match. The 1952 Kangaroos visited the Boulevard on Monday 8 September, they had opened their tour with a victory at Keighley two days earlier, they continued their winning run with a 28–0 victory over Hull F. C.. In 1949, the black Welshman Roy Francis became the first black professional coach in any British team sport, when he coached Hull F.
C.. Hull F. C. team won the league championship in 1956 when Colin Hutton kicked a last-minute penalty in the final against Halifax at Maine Road, Manchester. Hull F. C. won the play-offs against Workington Town. They won the European Club championship in 1957 and lost in the cup finals at Wembley in 1959 and 1960; these triumphs healed the wound of two successive Yorkshire County Cup Final defeats in 1955 and 1957. They lost in two further Challenge Cup finals to Wigan and Wakefield Trinity in 1959 and 1960. All these reverses, when one hand had been grasping so many trophies, gave Hull F. C. a steely resolve and a thirst for success. Johnny Whiteley became player coach in October 1963; when Roy Francis retired as Hull F. C. coach in 1965, Whiteley took over as coach. Hull F. C. lost to Wakefield Trinity 17–10 victory in the 1968 Rugby Football League Championship final at Headingley on 4 May 1968. Whiteley resigned in 1970 to coach Hull Kingston Rovers. Ivor Watts was appointed coach from 1970–1971 of which Hull F.
C. won 28 matches and lost 17. With the coaching appointment of Arthur Bunting in 1978, Hull F. C. began a period of dominance. Hull F. C. won all of their 26 Division Two matches in 1978–79, the only time a club has won all of its league matches in a season and returning to the top flight. The Airlie Birds lost the 1980 Challenge Cup final against Hull Kingston Rovers 10–5 and never won at Wembley until 2016, it was reputed that a ma
London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans; the City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of the London Assembly. London is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities and has been termed the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, sustainable, most investment friendly, most popular for work, the most vegetarian friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism and transportation.
London ranks 26 out of 300 major cities for economic performance. It is one of the largest financial centres and has either the fifth or sixth largest metropolitan area GDP, it is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic. It is the leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, more than 300 languages are spoken in the region, its estimated mid-2016 municipal population was 8,787,892, the most populous of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.
The population within the London commuter belt is the most populous in the EU with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. London was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries and sporting events; these include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. "London" is an ancient name, attested in the first century AD in the Latinised form Londinium. Over the years, the name has attracted many mythicising explanations; the earliest attested appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, written around 1136. This had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
Modern scientific analyses of the name must account for the origins of the different forms found in early sources Latin, Old English, Welsh, with reference to the known developments over time of sounds in those different languages. It is agreed; this was adapted into Latin as Londinium and borrowed into Old English, the ancestor-language of English. The toponymy of the Common Brythonic form is much debated. A prominent explanation was Richard Coates's 1998 argument that the name derived from pre-Celtic Old European *lowonida, meaning "river too wide to ford". Coates suggested that this was a name given to the part of the River Thames which flows through London. However, most work has accepted a Celtic origin for the name, recent studies have favoured an explanation along the lines of a Celtic derivative of a proto-Indo-European root *lendh-, combined with the Celtic suffix *-injo- or *-onjo-. Peter Schrijver has suggested, on these grounds, that the name meant'place that floods'; until 1889, the name "London" applied to the City of London, but since it has referred to the County of London and Greater London.
"London" is sometimes written informally as "LDN". In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge; this bridge either reached a now lost island in it. Two of those timbers were radiocarbon dated to between 1750 BC and 1285 BC. In 2010 the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BC and 4500 BC, were found on the Thames's south foreshore, downstream of Vauxhall Bridge; the function of the mesolithic structure is not known. Both structures are on the south bank. Although there is evidence of scattered Brythonic settlements in the area, the first major settlement was founded by the Romans about four years after the invasion
Bradley Scott'Freddy' Fittler is an Australian rugby league coach and former professional player, the head coach of the New South Wales State of Origin team. He works as a commentator and as a television presenter. Fittler has been named among the finest rugby league footballers of the first century of rugby league in Australia. Nicknamed'Freddy', Fittler captained both New South Wales and Australia, in 2000 was awarded the Golden Boot, he retired as the most-capped New South Wales State of Origin player, inducted into the NSWRL Hall of Fame as an Immortal and third-most-capped Australian international player. Fittler is the only player to have won two Rugby League World Cups as a team captain. Fittler coached in the NRL for the Sydney Roosters between 2007 and 2009 and for the City New South Wales team in the City vs. Country clash from 2012 to 2017, he has coached at international level with the Lebanon national rugby league team at the 2017 Rugby League World Cup. He was appointed New South Wales' State of Origin coach in November 2017 and went on to win the 2018 State of Origin series.
Fittler was born in Australia of German descent. He played junior rugby league for a number of clubs in the Parramatta JRL District including, Sadleir Bulldogs, Ashcroft Stallions and Mt. Pritchard Community Club before moving to Cambridge Park in the Penrith JRL District. While attending Ashcroft High School, St Dominic's College later, McCarthy Catholic Senior High School Emu Plains, Fittler played for the Australian Schoolboys team in 1988 and 1989. Brad Fittler's first grade career started in 1989 at the Penrith Panthers while he was still attending McCarthy Catholic Senior High School in the western suburbs of Sydney. Fittler played in the centres in Penrith's 18-14 loss to the Canberra Raiders in the 1990 Grand Final and at the end of the season was selected for Australia and went on the 1990 Kangaroo tour of Great Britain and France. Fittler did not play in a test on the tour, but scored 8 tries. In 1991 he was part the Panthers' premiership winning-side. Fittler played in the centres as Penrith, under the coaching of Phil Gould won their first premiership.
At the end of the season he was selected for the Kangaroos five game tour of Papua New Guinea and made his test debut for Australia, playing at lock in Australia's two test series win against the Papua New Guinea Kumuls, scoring two tries on debut at the Danny Leahy Oval in Goroka. Fittler scored 4 tries. During the 1992 Great Britain Lions tour of Australia and New Zealand, he helped Australia retain The Ashes. Fittler, like the rest of the Penrith club, endured a tough 1992 season due to the death of his best mate, up-and-coming halfback/hooker Ben Alexander, the younger brother of Penrith captain Greg Alexander. Following Alexander's death in a car accident, Penrith's form dropped off in the second half of the season with the defending premiers finishing out of the finals in 9th place; as a result of Alexander's death which happened between the first and second Ashes tests, Fittler was left out of the second test team by his own request, but returned to the team in the deciding match in Brisbane which Australia won 16-10 to retain The Ashes.
At the end of the 1992 season, Fittler was selected in Australia's World Cup Final team to play Great Britain at Wembley Stadium. In front of a international record attendance of 73,631 the Australians retained the Rugby League World Cup with a hard fought 10-6 win. During the first half, Fittler suffered a fractured cheekbone after being hit with an elbow from Lions hooker Martin Dermott who had gone into tackle the Australian Five-eighth with his elbow cocked. After being checked by team doctor Nathan Gibbs, Fittler continued playing; the 1993 NSWRL season again saw the Panthers struggle, finishing 12th with a 7-15 record for the year. Fittler played all three games for NSW in their 2-1 Origin series win over Queensland, before playing in all three mid-year tests against New Zealand with Australia winning the series 2-0 after the first test at the Mount Smart Stadium in Auckland ended in a 14-all draw thanks to a late field goal by stand in Australian captain Laurie Daley. Penrith improved to a 10-10-2 record and an 8th-place finish in the 1994 NSWRL season, despite the late season walk-out of Phil Gould, replaced with Fittler's 1991 premiership team mate Royce Simmons.
During the year he was selected at lock for a test against France at Sydney's Parramatta Stadium and at the end of the season he was selected for his second Kangaroo Tour. Fittler played at lock in all four tests against Great Britain and France on the tour, winning man of the match in Australia's 38-8 win in the second test at Old Trafford in Manchester to keep the Ashes series alive; the Kangaroos went on to win the third test 23-4 to retain the Ashes before demolishing France with a world record 74-0 win in Béziers. Fittler played in 12 games on tour, scoring two tries, he was named as Man of the Match playing at lock in Australia's non-test international played against Wales in Cardiff, scoring one of his tours two tries in the wet conditions. By 1995 Fittler was the world's highest-paid rugby league player earning $1.05 million for the season. This was during the period of the S
London Irish RFC is a professional English rugby union club, with an Irish Identity. It was based in Sunbury, where the senior squad train, youth teams and senior academy play home games, the club maintain their administrative offices, at Hazelwood Drive, it competed in the Premiership, the top division of English rugby union, every season since its inception in 1996-97, apart from the 2016–17 and 2018-19 seasons, in which they competed in the Greene King IPA Championship. The club competed in the Anglo-Welsh Cup, until its demise in 2018, has participated in both the European Champions Cup and European Challenge Cup. While playing in the Championship, in 2016-17 and 2018–19, Irish played in the British and Irish Cup and its successor the RFU Championship Cup respectively; the club plays its home games at the Madejski Stadium in Reading, Berkshire. London Irish won its first major trophy in 2002. Irish reached the final of the 2009 English Premiership, narrowly losing 10–9 to Leicester Tigers at Twickenham Stadium.
In the 2007–08 season the team came close to a place in the Heineken Cup Final, losing out to Stade Toulousain 15–21 in a tense semi-final encounter at Twickenham Stadium. The club's mascot is an Irish Wolfhound character called Digger. London Irish was the last club to be formed in England by working and student exiles from the home countries, following London Scottish in 1878 and London Welsh in 1885; the first game took place on 1 October 1898 against the former Hammersmith club at Herne Hill Athletic Ground, with London Irish winning 8-3. The team that season benefitted from the early recruitment of vet and Irish international Louis Magee. London Irish manage their own academy, with players such as Nick Kennedy, Topsy Ojo, Delon Armitage and Jonathan Joseph having gone on to play for the senior side and be internationally capped. Ojo still plays for the club in the current season, though Kennedy and Joseph moved on. London Irish play in Reading. Madejski is the home of Reading FC and was opened in August 1998.
The ground is a 24,161 all-seater capacity stadium, was the largest used as a regular home ground in the Premiership before Wasps moved to the Ricoh Arena in 2014. With the exception of the annual London Double Header at Twickenham, all London Irish home matches are played at the Madejski; the largest crowd for a London Irish match was for a game against London Wasps on 15 March 2008 during the 2007–08 Guinness Premiership. The crowd of 23,790 was the highest attendance for a regular season Guinness Premiership match until December 2008. On 12 March 2016 London Irish played their first home Premiership match away from Madejski, the first-ever Premiership match outside England, when they travelled to the USA to face Saracens at the New York Red Bulls' Red Bull Arena in the New York metropolitan area. On 15 August 2016, the club announced its intention to return to London and that it was in formal discussions with Hounslow London Borough Council to play at Brentford FC's new stadium. On 10 February 2017, the club confirmed that the Council had approved its application to use the stadium for rugby allowing them to move into the new stadium from its opening season.
This was confirmed. Director of Rugby: Declan Kidney Head Coach: Les Kiss Defence Coach: Declan Danaher Forwards Coach: George Skivington Head of Strength & Conditioning: Robert Palmer The London Irish squad for the 2018–19 season is:Note: Flags indicate national union as has been defined under WR eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-WR nationality; the London Irish senior academy squad is:Note: Flags indicate national union as has been defined under WR eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-WR nationality; the kit is supplied by XBlades. The 2018-19 kits celebrates 120 years of Exiles by continuing the traditional dark green colour and retro collar design reintroduced last year. "Exiles from 1898" is inscribed on the inside back collar and the London Irish emblem is on the left chest. The jersey features an orange narrow striped design across the jersey; the club's principle sponsor Powerday appears on the front centre, below XBlades' logo, with Thames Materials on the right chest.
Other club sponsors Pump Technology and Keltbray appear on the back with Redrow Homes and Turmec Teoranta on the right sleeve. The playing shorts feature the logo of sponsors VGC Group and Cherwell Software in addition to the continued orange striped design; the away kit is white with a two broad green striped design across the jersey. European Challenge Cup: Runners-up: 2005–06 English Premiership: Runners-up: 2008–09 RFU Championship Champions: 2016–17 Anglo-Welsh Cup: Champions: 2002 Runners-up: 1980 Surrey Cup: Winners: 1981, 1982, 1986, 1987 Middlesex Sevens: Champions: 2009 Premiership Rugby Sevens Series Champions: 2012 Cunningham Duncombe Series Champions: 2016 The club hosts London Irish Amateur RFC for non-professionals to allow them to improve in Rugby; the team plays at offices, Hazelwood in Sunbury. Some players such as Justin Bishop and Kieran Campbell have gone through the ranks to play for London Irish professional team. Digger is an Irish official mascot of London Irish, he has an important job in providing support to the Club.
On 30 May 2003 Digger won the "Best Mascot" award in Premiership Rugby at the Premier Rugby Marketing Awards. On 23 April 2006, Digger ran the London Marathon raising money for Spinal Research. He
New South Wales Rugby League
The New South Wales Rugby League is the governing body of rugby league in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory and is a member of the Australian Rugby League Commission. It was formed in Sydney on 8 August 1907 and was known as the New South Wales Rugby Football League until 1984. From 1908 to 1994, the NSWRL ran Sydney's New South Wales', Australia's top-level rugby league club competition from their headquarters on Phillip Street, Sydney; the organisation is responsible for administering the New South Wales rugby league team. The following clubs are the member clubs of the NSWRL; the New South Wales Rugby Football League was responsible for the introduction of rugby league into New South Wales in 1907. Since that time the NSWRFL has built a rich tradition at all levels of the game. Great names and great games illuminate the League's growth since 1907 up to the present day; the NSWRFL was formed in August 1907, when player discontent with the administration of the New South Wales Rugby Union, over rejection of compensation payments for injuries and lost wages, led to a breakaway movement.
Key figures in the new movement were James Joseph Giltinan, legendary cricketer Victor Trumper, Alex Burdon, Peter Moir, Labor politician Henry Hoyle, George Brackenreg and Jack Feneley. The first rugby league game in New South Wales was played on 17 August 1907, in which New Zealand defeated New South Wales Rugby League team 12–8; the Sydney premiership was started on 20 April 1908. Nine teams contested the initial season, they were: Balmain Tigers Cumberland Fruitpickers Eastern Suburbs Roosters Glebe Dirty Reds Newcastle Rebels Newtown Jets North Sydney Bears Western Suburbs Magpies South Sydney RabbitohsThe NSWRFL premiership was continued on the successful basis of the first competition in 1908. In 1929 Jersey Flegg was appointed to the position of president of the NSWRFL and in 1941 he became chairman of the Australian Rugby League Board of Control. At the time of his death in 1960, aged 82, he was still serving in these roles; when NSWRFL president Flegg died in 1960, Bill Buckley replaced him and became boss of the Australian Rugby League, a position he remained in from 1960 until his death in 1973.
In 1973 Kevin Humphreys was appointed President of New South Wales Rugby League and Chairman of Australian Rugby League. Under him State of Origin was introduced. In 1983 Humphreys was succeeded in these positions by Ken Arthurson. Under Arthurson the clubs in the NSWRL expanded outside the borders of the state and the country until in 1994, after administering its 87th consecutive premiership season, the NSWRL was replaced by the Australian Rugby League as club football's peak administrative body. Notwithstanding the hand over of control of the game at the elite level across Australia to the Commission, the NSWRL did retain responsibility for both the administration of the New South Wales rugby league team in State of Origin series, as well as day-to-day management of the state-based New South Wales Cup second-tier premiership, as well as junior representative competitions and divisional leagues throughout NSW and the ACT, it does so in conjunction with the NSW Country Rugby League. In a similar way, the rival Queensland Rugby League retained responsibility for that state's Origin team and lower tier competitions.
The Royal Agricultural Society Shield, or RAS Shield was the New South Wales Rugby League's first premiership trophy. It was presented to each year's premiership winning rugby league team; the Eastern Suburbs club achieved this feat winning premierships in 1911, 1912 and 1913. The hand crafted silver and oak designed shield was donated to the NSWRL by the Royal Agricultural Society of New South Wales in its first year of competition. Leading journalist Claude Corbett wrote in Sydney, newspaper on, 1 May 1914, "The Royal Agricultural Society Shield, presented at the inception of the League's first grade competition has been won outright by Eastern Suburbs, who upset all calculations by winning the premiership three years in succession; the club has presented the shield to their captain, Dally Messenger,'as a token of appreciation of his captaincy." In 1929 Jersey Flegg was appointed to the position of president of the NSWRFL. Midway through the 1909 season, Edward Larkin was appointed full-time secretary of the NSWRFL.
In 1951, the NSWRFL originated the J. J. Giltinan Shield, following his death in 1950; this trophy was awarded to the premiers of the NSWRFL competition, being named after one of the founding fathers of the NSWRFL and rugby league in Australia. The trophy remains today, being awarded to the minor premiers of the National Rugby League competition. Following Jersey Flegg's death in 1960, Bill Buckley was made the NSWRFL's new president. In 1967 the NSWRFL grand final became the first football grand final of any code to be televised live in Australia; the Nine Network had paid $5,000 for the broadcasting rights. In 1973 NSWRFL boss Kevin Humphreys negotiated rugby league's first television deal with the Australian Broadcasting Corporation; the NSWRFL had commenced a popular and successful mid-week competition in 1974 known as the Amco Cup, but as the Tooth Cup and the National Panasonic Cup. The success of this competition, which included teams from both Brisbane and New Zealand created pressure for further expansion in the NSWRFL competition.
In 1980, the NSWRFL President Kevin Humphries, chairman of the League since 1973, was instrumental in the establishment of the State of Origin series between teams representing the NSWRFL and Queensland Rugby League. The immediate success o
The Illawarra Steelers are an Australian Rugby league football club based in the city of Wollongong, New South Wales. The club competed in Australia's top-level Rugby League competition from 1982, when they, along with the Canberra Raiders, were admitted into the Sydney Rugby League premiership until 1998 when they formed a new joint venture team, the St George Illawarra Dragons with the St George Dragons in 1999, before selling its remaining share in the club to WIN Corporation in 2018. Over those seventeen seasons the club received three wooden spoons, made the play-offs twice and had a total of three of its players selected to don the green and gold for Australia. Illawarra still field stand alone teams in the Tarsha Gale Cup, SG Ball and Harold Matthews competitions as the Steelers, their mascot from 1982 to 1998 was the Steel Avenger. 23,750 capacity WIN Stadium is their home stadium. The Illawarra Rugby League made several attempts to enter the NSWRL competition, the first major attempt was in the 1950s.
It made a much more serious attempt for entry into the 1967 season but were blocked by the Country Rugby League who used their constitution to prevent Illawarra's plans of playing in the Sydney competition. This was a crucial moment in the emergence of the Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks, as it was after Illawarra were blocked and the NSWRL wanted a second new club to enter with Penrith, preferably in the South of Sydney due to continued success at that time of the St George Dragons, to avoid the need for a bye that "the shire's" submission was successful. In this unsuccessful bid, Illawarra were to be backed by the wealthy Illawarra Leagues Club in Church Street, Wollongong; the club is the second oldest leagues club in the world. It was established to financially support top class rugby league and soccer in the region. On 13 December 1980, the NSWRL voted unanimously for Illawarra to enter in the 1982 season. Only three dissenting votes were counted. Illawarra's organiser Bob Millward told those at the meeting that rugby league in the region depended on this bid getting the go ahead.
Interest in the region had turned away from local football to the Sydney competition. The Illawarra Mercury daily newspaper was increasing its coverage of the Sydney premiership and Illawarra's inclusion was viewed as the best way of reviving the local league. Illawarra entered the competition in 1982, with financial backing from many of the local leagues clubs, their first captain was star fullback John Dorahy, first coach Allan Fitzgibbon. The recession hit hard and the leagues club money dried up and the Steelers were a new club in desperate financial trouble. In 1984, BHP Steel saved the club. BHP stayed with the Steelers, their first 8 seasons produced 3 wooden spoons. In the 1989 Panasonic Cup the club reached the final, played against the Brisbane Broncos at Parramatta Stadium; the Broncos raced to a 16–0 lead and it seemed the Steelers much more fancied opponents would run away with the game. But Illawarra, inspired by eventual man-of-the-match, Great Britain international halfback Andy Gregory, hit back.
Young Illawarra juniors such as Brett Rodwell and Rod Wishart made their mark in this game, players that would form the foundation of the club's improved performances in the early 1990s. Illawarra lost; the large Illawarra contingent at Parramatta Stadium booed the Broncos after their win, with Brisbane captain Wally Lewis gaining their ire by gesturing back. Illawarra's performance inspired Australian folk singer John Williamson to write a song about the match; the 1989 season saw Gregory's Wigan and Great Britain team mate, fullback Steve Hampson, playing for the Steelers. 1990 saw big improvements with the club finishing not too far away from the top five. The Steelers licensed club opened its doors thanks to the efforts of the local community and businesses. A new coach by the name of Graham Murray turned Illawarra into an unbeatable force at the Wollongong Showground in 1991, losing only to the Penrith Panthers who went on to win the premiership. A big win against Brisbane and a crushing 44–4 win over Canterbury-Bankstown were signs of things to come.
A crucial refereeing decision by Bill Harrigan towards the end of the season in a game at Penrith Stadium put an end to their finals aspirations. Harrigan, much to his credit, apologised in the media after the game, thus Illawarra missed out on a place in the finals by just two points, despite having a season points differential second only to eventual premiers, Penrith. The Steelers had revenge in the 1992 pre-season Toohey's Challenge, defeating Brisbane 4–2 in a tryless final at Dubbo; this sparked their successful 1992 Winfield Cup campaign, going to within one game from the Grand Final. Illawarra's first semi-final was against future merger partner St George, beating "big-brother" 18–16. Next a loss to the Broncos 22–12 and their last chance against St George, losing 4–0. However, Illawarra were denied tries on several controversial occasions leaving the Steelers with a bitter end to their successful season. During the 1992 season, the Steelers hosted the touring Great Britain Lions. In front of 9,500 fans at Steelers Stadium, the visitors won a tight game 11–10 1993 and'94 were disappointing in contrast to'92, but the club still managed to finish just outside the top 5 each year.
Super League hit in 1995 and the Steelers were in for a roug