Mount Barney National Park
Mount Barney National Park is a national park in Queensland, 90 km southwest of Brisbane. It amalgamated the adjacent Mount Lindesay National Park in 1980, it is part of the Scenic Rim Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because of its importance in the conservation of several species of threatened birds. Mounts Barney, Maroon and Lindesay rise majestically above the surrounding farmlands in Mount Barney National Park on the Queensland/New South Wales border; these rugged peaks are the remains of the ancient Focal Peak Shield Volcano which erupted 24 million years ago. Mount Barney is the second highest peak in south-east Queensland and has some rare and unique plants; the town of Rathdowney is 15 km to the northeast. This spectacular park became part of the World Heritage Gondwana Rainforests of Australia in 1994; the park is dominated by the grand twin peaks of Mount Barney. Surrounding these peaks are numerous mountains, steep valleys, deep rock pools and lots of woodland forest.
The park contains the peaks of Mount Ballow, Mount Ernest, Mount Maroon and Mount May. Bush camping is allowed at Mount Barney. Restrictions apply during peak holiday times; the park has varied vegetation with open forests around the foothills of the peaks, subtropical rainforest above 600m, montane heath shrublands towards the summit of the peaks, cool temperate rainforest on the summit of Mount Ballow, mallee eucalypt shrublands on Mount Maroon. Many rare and unusual plant species grow in the park including the endangered Maroon wattle, the rare mallee eucalypt Eucalyptus codonocarpa, Mount Barney bush pea and Hillgrove spotted gum. Visitors to the park may notice the abundant birdlife due to their bird songs. A few playful platypus live in the park; the rainforest on Mount Barney provides critical habitat for the plumiferus subspecies of the marbled frogmouth. This bird is listed as vulnerable. There are expansive views over the Border Ranges and Scenic Rim forests from the summit of Mount Barney.
The mountain is an old bushwalking destination by Australian standards and more than 30 routes lead to the summits of its East and West peaks. The majority of routes are not maintained by the Queensland State government and therefore navigational skills are mandatory for first time visitors; the most challenging routes up Mount Barney include Short Leaning Ridge. Peasants or South Ridge is a better choice for less experienced climbers. Allow plenty of time for the ascent and descent, which take between 8 and 10 hours, depending on the route and level of fitness. Walkers need sound physical fitness, it is not unusual to meet climbers at all hours of the day and night, however prior knowledge of the area is required. A popular alternative to going up and down South Ridge is to ascend via South East Ridge and descend via South Ridge. Navigational equipment or local knowledge are required for this route; the benefit of ascending via South East Ridge is. From the East Peak the track drops down into the saddle area at the base of the West Peak.
The West Peak can be incorporated into this walk at an additional 2 km. There are a few Class 4 walks around the base of the mountain that don't involve as much navigation over terrain. Nearby Mount Maroon is popular for rockclimbing; the first known climb to the summit of Mt Barney by a European was completed in 1828 by Captain Patrick Logan, by one of the hardest and spectacular ridges on the mountain, named in his honour. Allan Cunningham and Charles Fraser were in his company, however they did not reach the summit. Protected areas of Queensland Mount Barney National Park
Sunshine Coast, Queensland
Sunshine Coast is a peri-urban area and the third most populated area in the Australian state of Queensland. Located 100 km north of the state capital Brisbane in South East Queensland on the Pacific Ocean coastline, its urban area spans 60 km of coastline and hinterland from Pelican Waters to Tewantin; the estimated urban population of Sunshine Coast as at June 2015 was 302,122, making it the 9th most populous in the country. The area was first settled by Europeans in the 19th century with development progressing until tourism became an important industry; the area has several coastal hubs at Caloundra, Kawana Waters and Noosa Heads. Nambour and Maleny have developed as primary commercial centres for the hinterland, although Maleny falls outside the urban area defined by the ABS that this article refers to; the Sunshine Coast, as a term recognised by most Australians, is the district defined in 1967 as "the area contained in the Shires of Landsborough and Noosa, but excluding Bribie Island".
Its use is colloquial however. Since 2014, the Sunshine Coast district has been split into two local government areas, the Sunshine Coast Region and the Shire of Noosa, which administer the southern and northern parts of the Sunshine Coast respectively. James Cook on the deck of HM Bark Endeavour in 1770 became the first known white person to sight the Glass House Mountains, located south-west of Caloundra. In the 1820s, the Sunshine Coast saw its first white inhabitants: three castaways who shared the life of the local Aborigines for eight months. Thereafter, during the 1830s to 1840s, the district became home to numerous runaway convicts from the Moreton Bay penal colony to the south. In 1842, Governor George Gipps had the entire Sunshine Coast and hinterland from Mt Beerwah north to Eumundi declared a "Bunya Bunya Reserve" for the protection of the bunya tree after Andrew Petrie advised him of the importance of bunya groves in Aboriginal culture. However, during the 1840s and 1850s, the Bunya Bunya Reserve and its vicinity became the scene of some of the most bitter skirmishes of Australia's "Black War".
The Blackall Range, on account of the tri-annual Bunya Festival, served as both a hideout and rallying point for attacks against white settlement. By the 1850s timber cutters and cattlemen had started exploiting the area. Many of the Sunshine Coast's towns began as simple ports or jetties for the timber industry during the 1860s and 1870s, as the area once had magnificent stands of forest; the region's roads began as snigging tracks for hauling timber. Timbergetters used the region's creeks and lakes as seaways to float out their logs of cedar – the resultant wood being shipped as far afield as Europe. During the Gympie Gold Rush, prospectors scaled the Sunshine Coast mountains to develop easier roadways to and from the gold fields of Gympie. After construction of the railway line to Gympie, the coastal and river towns, being ports for the early river-trade, were bypassed. By the 1890s diverse small-farming had replaced the cattle-and-timber economy of earlier decades. Sugar cane and pineapples proved important produce for the district.
Many small hamlets and towns now emerged. Produce was taken by horse to Landsborough to Eudlo in 1891. After World War II, the Sunshine Coast grew into a favoured holiday and surfing destination; this tendency was further expanded in the development boom of the 1970s. Around the same time, various tourist/theme parks were created – the most iconic being the Big Pineapple in Woombye. During the 1960s and 1970s, the Sunshine Coast attracted persons drawn to alternative lifestyles; these newcomers developed a range of craft industries, co-operatives and spiritual centres in the hinterlands. After the 1980s, the Sunshine Coast experienced rapid population growth; as of 2016 it had become one of the fastest-growing regions in Australia. As the region becomes residential, most of the district's distinctive small farms – tropical-fruit and sugar-cane farms have disappeared, as have most of its theme parks; the Moreton sugar mills closure in 2003 removed a market for the district's 120 cane growers, harvesting cane in the region.
Instead, businesses concerned with retail and tourism have assumed increasing importance. In 2008, The Shire of Noosa, Shire of Maroochy and City of Caloundra merged to form the Sunshine Coast Region; the 2007 referendum conducted by the Australian Electoral Commission and leading to the merger remained controversial in Noosa Shire, where 95% of voters had rejected amalgamation. In March 2013, a second referendum resulted in 81% of residents voted to leave the amalgamated Sunshine Coast Region. On 9 November 2013 an election resulted in Noel Playford being elected to take office as mayor on 1 January 2014 with the new council; the Shire of Noosa was re-established on 1 January 2014. This resulted in two geopolitical areas occupying the area recognised as'The Sunshine Coast'; the Sunshine Coast Region, governed by the Sunshine Coast Council and the Shire of Noosa, governed by Noosa Shire Council. Major rivers of the Sunshine Coast include Noosa River, Maroochy River, Mooloolah River and the Stanley River.
The region includes several lakes such as Lake Weyba. Ewen Maddock Dam, Wappa Dam and Baroon Pocket Dam have been built for water storage. Several stretches of the Sunshine Coast are lined with unbroken beaches – from Sunshine Beach near Noosa to Coolum Beach.
Glass House Mountains
The Glass House Mountains are a group of thirteen hills that rise abruptly from the coastal plain on the Sunshine Coast, Australia. The highest hill is Mount Beerwah at 556 metres above sea level, but the most identifiable of all the hills is Mount Tibrogargan which from certain angles bears a resemblance to a face staring east towards the ocean; the Glass House Mountains are located near Steve Irwin Way. From Brisbane, the mountains can be reached by following the Bruce Highway north and taking the Glass House Mountains tourist drive turn-off onto Steve Irwin Way; the trip is about one hour from Brisbane. The Volcanic peaks of the Glass House Mountains rise from the surrounding Sunshine Coast landscape, they were formed by intrusive plugs, remnants of volcanic activity that occurred 26-27 million years ago. Molten rock filled small vents or intruded as bodies beneath the surface and solidified into land rocks. Millions of years of erosion have removed the surrounding exteriors of volcanic cores and softer sandstone rock.
Whilst the traditional names for the hills themselves are old, the term'Glasshouse Mountains' was given more by explorer Captain James Cook on 17 May 1770. The peaks reminded him of the glass furnaces in his home county of Yorkshire. Matthew Flinders explored the area and climbed Mount Beerburrum after sailing along Pumicestone Passage in 1799; the Glass House Mountains National Landscape was added to the Australian National Heritage List on 3 August 2006. In the land between the peaks and poultry farming, as well as commercial forestry and quarrying are the main land uses. In 2009 as part of the Q150 celebrations, the Glass House Mountains was announced as one of the Q150 Icons of Queensland for its role as a "Natural attraction"; the range was formed as molten lava cooled to form hard rock in the cores of volcanoes 26-27 million years ago. The source of the lava was from the East Australia hotspot; the cores of the hills contain columns of comendite from lava which cools into a hard rock. The surrounding softer rocks have been eroded in the subsequent time, forming the spectacular volcanic plugs that remain today.
The peaks' location relative to each other exhibits an alignment, believed to have occurred due to fracturing. Mt Ngungun consists of sub-volcanic rock known as a hypabyssal rock, an intrusive rock emplaced at medium-to-shallow depths within the crust and has intermediate grain size, porphyritic texture between that of volcanic and plutonic rocks; each of the peaks is protected within the Glass House Mountains National Park. Some of the peaks display vertical columns Mount Coonowrin, Mount Ngungun and Mount Beerwah at the Organ Pipes; these columns are the result of lava contraction. Scattered throughout the hills are shallow caves which have been formed by wind erosion on rocks that were softened by groundwater; the peaks are culturally significant to the Gubbi Gubbi people. Under a native title claim, access to the peaks could be restricted as they are considered spiritual places. To the south east of the Glass House Mountains township is an Aboriginal bora ring; the names of each mountain in the range are:.
The Glass House Mountains are located in the traditional lands of the Jinibara and Gubbi Gubbi people. The mountains are members of a family with the father being Mount Tibrogargan and the mother Mount Beerwah. All of the other mountains are sons and daughters with the eldest being Mount Coonowrin, the twins called Tunbubudla, Elimbah whose shoulders were bent because she carried many cares, Round because she was so small and fat and Wild Horse who always strayed away from the others to swim in the sea. Tibrogargan, the father, observes that the sea is rising and asks that Coonowrin, the eldest son to help their pregnant mother to safety. Terrified, Coonowrin instead flees. Infuriated by his son's cowardliness, Tibrogargan pursues him and strikes him with his nulla nulla so hard that he dislocates Coonowrin's neck. Once the danger passes Coonowrin feels tremendous guilt for his actions and asks his father and sisters for forgiveness but they all weep with shame; this is said to explain the many small streams.
Tibrogargan turns his back on Coonowrin and gazes out to sea refusing to look at his son Coonowrin who continues to hang his head in shame and weeps. The mountains are promoted as a tourist asset. Bushwalking and climbing has been undertaken for more than a century; however the two largest mountains have been closed by National Parks in recent years. Firstly, Coonowrin was closed in 1999 as a result of a geological report and the development of an adjacent rock quarry. Secondly, the walking track used to access Mt Beerwah was closed in 2009 as the result of a rock collapse from the caves area across the main tourist track and was reopened January 2016. Tibrogargan and Ngungun are open to the public for climbing. There are many different types of plants including trees, grass and the occasional shrub. Animals that live there include birds, frogs, rats and mammals; the Elf Skink, a small lizard populates the area. List of mountains in Australia Photos of Mount Beerwah, Glass House Mountains
Woorim is a suburb of the Moreton Bay Region in Queensland, Australia on the eastern, or ocean, side of Bribie Island, adjacent to the Pacific Ocean. In the 2011 census, the suburb recorded a population of 1,765 persons, with a median age of 53 years. Woorim has a beach, a small shopping centre, parklands adjoining the beach. Woorim is the location of an aquaculture research facility. Erosion of the beach at Woorim is an ongoing issue with long term recession trends of the shoreline observed. In September 2007 Caboolture Shire Council published a Shoreline Erosion Management Plan in response. In the 2011 census, Woorim recorded a population of 1,765 people, 47.6 % male. The median age of the Woorim population was 55 years, 18 years above the national median of 37. 70.5% of people living in Woorim were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were England 6.3%, New Zealand 4.5%, Bhutan 1.1%, Netherlands 1.1%, Scotland 0.7%. 86.3% of people spoke only English at home. Bribie Island University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Bribie Island
City of Ipswich
The City of Ipswich is a local government area in Queensland, located in the southwest of the Brisbane metropolitan area, including the urban area surrounding the city of Ipswich and surrounding rural areas. The City of Ipswich is centrally located in the South East Queensland region of Australia. Ipswich governs the outer western portion of the Brisbane Metropolitan Area, Australia, it covers an area of 1,090 square kilometres along the coast about 40 kilometres southwest of Brisbane CBD. To the east is the City of Brisbane local government area, to the west are the rural and agricultural areas of the Brisbane and Fassifern Valleys. Ipswich is the second-oldest local government area in Queensland, after Brisbane. On 16 November 1859, after the enactment of the Municipalities Act of 1858 in New South Wales, a petition containing 91 signatures was received by the Governor of New South Wales seeking to have Ipswich, which at the time had 3,000 people, granted municipal town status; the petition was gazetted the following day, no counter-petition was received.
On 29 November, the letters patent authorised by Queen Victoria which were to make Queensland a separate colony were published in New South Wales, the petition was forwarded to the new Queensland governor, Sir George Ferguson Bowen. On 10 December 1859, the same day that the letters patent were published in Queensland, the petition was regazetted. On 3 March 1860 the Borough of Ipswich was proclaimed, its first elections were held on 19 April 1860, where John Murphy became its first Mayor; the Municipality's corporate logo was designed by Reverend Lacey H. Rumsey, the rector of St Paul's Church in Ipswich in 1861. Ipswich applied on 22 November 1904 to become a City, the status being conferred by the Government of Queensland on 1 December 1904 and its first mayor was Hugh Reilly. On its declaration, the City of Ipswich covered only the central area of Ipswich itself – what are today considered inner suburbs were parts of different entities. Beginning in 1994 Ipswich adopted an innovative, community-based, information technology project which aimed to make the city a technology hub at the forefront of the growing move towards the information superhighway.
The most prominent feature of the initiative, called Global Info-Links, was the development of a new library with free public internet access and the development of a wide area network to which people could subscribe. In October 2000, the council began erecting cast brass plaques at significance heritage sites. On 13 October 1916, a rationalisation of the local government areas in and around Ipswich was implemented, it involved the abolition of five shires: Brassall Bundanba Lowood Purga Walloonresulting in: an enlarged City of Ipswich by including part of the Shire of Brassall and part of the Shire of Bundanba a new Shire of Ipswich by amalgamating part of the Shire of Brassall, part of the Shire of Bundanba, part of the Shire of Walloon and all of the Shire of Purga an enlarged Shire of Rosewood by including part of the Shire of Walloon an enlarged Shire of Esk by including all of the Shire of Lowood On 29 January 1949, a new Local Government Act was enacted to further amalgamate local government in the Ipswich area, abolishing the Shires of Normanby and Rosewood.
The City of Ipswich was enlarged to include the more urban parts of the Shire of Moreton. The Shire of Moreton was enlarged by the inclusion of the northern part of the Shire of Normanby and all the Shire of Rosewood; the southern part of the Shire of Normanby was transferred to an enlarged Shire of Boonah. The Shire of Moreton amalgamated with Ipswich on 11 March 1995. In March 2000, Ipswich ceded some rural territory in Mount Walker, Mutdapilly and Warrill View to the neighbouring Shire of Boonah. Following the major reforms of local government in Queensland, on 15 March 2008, Ipswich lost the rural areas of Harrisville and Peak Crossing in its southeast to the new Scenic Rim Region. On 31 October 2012, a groundbreaking ceremony for the Ecco Ripley housing development project was conducted by Ipswich mayor Paul Pisasale and Sekisui House; the local government has 10 Councillors each representing one division. Each Councillor serves a four-year term; the Mayor is directly elected by the people every 4 years.
Elected mayor of 2016, Paul Pisasale, resigned on 6 June 2017 citing health concerns. Division 7 Councillor Andrew Antoniolli and Deputy Mayor Paul Tully both contested the 2017 Ipswich Mayoral By-Election, held on 19 August 2017. Councillor Antoniolli was elected Mayor with 34.57% of the primary vote and 54.44% after preferences, with Paul Tully winning 30.83% of the primary vote and 45.56% after preferences. After Andrew Antoniolli's election as Mayor, a By-Election for the vacant Division 7 was held on 7 October 2017. David Martin was elected with 23.65% of the vote. |Antoniolli won the 2017 Ipswich City Council Mayoral By-Election, triggered by the resignation of former mayor, Paul Pisasale, charged with multiple counts of corruption. In May 2018 Andrew Antoniolli was charged with seven counts of corruption forcing him to stand down and administrators to take over Ipswich City Council. In August 2018, the Queensland Government passed legislation to dismiss all of the councillors and replace them with an administrator.
At the time of the dismissal, the divisional Councillors were: The City of Ipswich includes the following settlements: 1 - split with Scenic Rim Region2 - not to be confused with White Rock in Cairns Region Ipswich City Council operates three public libraries at Ipswich Central and Redbank Plains. It operates a mobile library service to Booval
Nambour is a town and locality in South East Queensland, Australia, 101 kilometres north of the state capital, Brisbane. The town lies in the sub-tropical hinterland of the Sunshine Coast at the foot of the Blackall Range and has a population of 11,187, it was the administrative centre and capital of the Maroochy Shire and is now the administrative centre of the Sunshine Coast Region. The greater Nambour region includes surrounding suburbs such as Burnside, Coes Creek, Perwillowen, has an estimated population of 15,550; the name is derived from the Aboriginal word "naamba", referring to the red-flowering bottle brush Callistemon viminalis. In 1862, Tom Petrie with 25 Turrbal and Kabi Kabi men including Ker-Walli and Billy Dinghy entered Petrie's Creek with the view to exploit the large cedar growing in the vicinity. Near Rosemount, they encountered some resident aboriginals with whom they had a traditional ceremony together. Petrie's group afterwards made a permanent logging camp further up the creek in the area now known as Nambour.
At this camp, Petrie branded the 25 aboriginals. With a piece of prepared glass, he cut his logging symbol of a P inside a circle into each of the men's arms; these aboriginals, as well as local Maroochy men such as Puram, worked hard, returning with Petrie to build the roadway, fell the timber and transport the logs downriver. The Nambour area had its first permanent European settlement in 1870; the town was still just called Petrie's Creek. In 1890 the Maroochy Divisional Board was established. In 1891, the rail link with Brisbane was completed, at its opening Petrie's Creek was renamed "Nambour", after the Nambour cattle station. A fire in 1924 destroyed many of the timber buildings along the main street. Petrie's Creek Post Office opened on 1 June 1888 and was renamed Nambour by 1890; the Nambour branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association was founded on 1 November 1928. In 1931 they established their QCWA Rest Rooms in the Shire Hall. In September 1958 they opened their own building at 10 Short Street.
The town was bypassed by the Bruce Highway on 16 October 1990, which now forms the locality's north-eastern boundary. This alleviated most of the local traffic congestion. Along the middle of the roadway of Mill and Howard Streets, a piece of Queensland Rail history is still on display - the Nambour to Coolum Tramline; the Tramline was used to transport passengers and sugar cane in the early 1920s. The Tramline forms part of the Moreton Central Sugar Mill Cane Tramway, The tramway closed at the end of 2001. Much of the track and signal lighting still remains; the Nambour & District Historical Museum, more known as the Nambour Museum began with an opening ceremony held on 20 April 1996. The Nambour Public Library opened in 1982 and had a major refurbishment in 1998 with a minor refurbishment in 2016. In the 2011 census, Nambour had a population of 10,221. Nambour has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Mill Street, Currie Street, Howard Street: Moreton Central Sugar Mill Cane Tramway 17 & 19 Mill Street, 14 & 16 Bury Street: former Moreton Central Sugar Mill Worker's HousingAnother heritage listing associated with the Moreton Central Sugar Mill is the Store Road, Maroochy River: Tramway Lift Bridge over Maroochy River According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 11,187 people in Nambour.
52.9% of the population were female and 47.1% were male The median age was 40 years Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 4.4% of the population. 77.1% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were England 4.0% and New Zealand 3.6%. 87.7% of people spoke only English at home. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 33.5%, Catholic 16.0% and Anglican 13.5%. Nambour is represented by the following politicians: Nambour's primary industry has been sugar, with extensive cane fields surrounding the town, the Moreton Central Sugar Mill in the town centre; the mill itself began operating in 1897 until it was closed in 2003. The long-term future of the sugar industry in the area is in doubt. Other industries in the area include tourism, the growing of tropical fruits; the Big Pineapple tourist attraction on the southern outskirts of the town reflects both of these pursuits. The Big Pineapple Music Festival attracts thousands of visitors to Nambour.
Other tourist attractions include Thrill Hill Waterslide Park, the Big Cow, the Big Macadamia nut. Situated near Nambour is the Queensland Government's Maroochy Research Station, a major subtropical fruit and nut research and extension centre; the 61 ha research facility was established in 1945, has an office and laboratory complex, netted orchards, postharvest coolrooms and a biotechnology facility. With access to national and international funding sources, specialist staff work in conjunction with investigators from other research agencies; the main shopping areas in Nambour are Nambour Plaza which has 40 stores, Nambour Mill Village Shopping Centre and Centenary Square Shopping Centre. The TransLink Transit Authority is the authority that coordinates and integrates the public rail and bus services in South-East Queensland, of which Nambour is in Zone 6. Nambour is serviced by several Queensland Rail passenger trains, including the Tilt Train and is one and a half hours north of Brisbane by rail.
Regular services use the Sunshine Coast line. The region connected to Brisbane via the Bruce Highway. Greyhound Australia interstate coach
Moreton Island National Park
Moreton Island National Park is a national park which covers 98% of Moreton Island in Queensland, Australia, 58 km northeast of Brisbane. It has three main townships, Cowan Cowan and Kooringal; the island is home to Queensland's oldest operating lighthouse located at Cape Moreton on the northern tip of the island. The township of Cowan was home to the Australian soldiers during WWII and many relics remain on the island. Access to the park was restricted during a clean-up of oil from the 2009 southeast Queensland oil spill. Activities such as bushwalking and watersports are popular in the park. Humpback whale can be seen in surrounding waters between late spring; the park contains heath and open forests of scribbly gum and pink bloodwood. Other areas contain mangroves and melaleuca swamps. Access to the island is via the MICAT vehicle ferry service from Lytton, near the Port of Brisbane, the Tangalooma Flyer launched from Pinkenba or the Kooringal Trader from Amity Point on North Stradbroke Island.
The Combie Trader barge service from Scarborough in Redcliffe City to Bulwer no longer operates. Camping is permitted in specified campsites as well as within zones along eastern and western beaches. Moreton Bay Marine Park Protected areas of Queensland Official website