A hope chest called dowry chest, cedar chest, trousseau chest or glory box is a piece of furniture traditionally used to collect items such as clothing and household linen, by unmarried young women in anticipation of married life. The term "hope chest" or "cedar chest" is used in the south of the United States. Using her own needlework skills to construct a trousseau and stock her glory-box "was for the working girl the equivalent of planning and saving for marriage on the part of the provident and ambitious young man." The collection of a trousseau was a common coming-of-age rite until the 1950s. It wasn't always collected in a special chest, hence the alternative UK term bottom drawer, which refers to putting aside one drawer in a chest of drawers for collecting the trousseau undisturbed, but such a chest was an acceptable gift for a girl approaching a marriageable age. Contents of a "hope chest" or "glory box" included typical dowry items such as clothing, table linens, bed linens and dishware.
As a bride would leave home on marriage, hope chests were sometimes made with an eye to portability, albeit infrequently. Examples of hand-made items made between 1916 and 1918 for a trousseau by a prospective bride are on display in the National Museum of Australia. In this case, the trousseau—never used because its creator's fiancé was killed in World War I before the marriage took place—was stored in calico bags rather than in a chest; the hope chest was used for the firstborn girl of a family. Instead of just having sheets and household linen in the bottom drawer, this box would transport these goods and dowries and later be used as a standard piece of furniture for the lady of the house to use; this dowry chest was richly decorated, however over time dowry chests became smaller, with jewelry boxes emerging instead of large dowry boxes. By contrast, a "bridal chest" was given to a bride at her wedding, by her husband, so is not a "hope chest" in this sense. Cassone of renaissance Italy Large decorated and showy chests, forming part of dynastic marriages in 15th and 16th century Italy.
These were prized displays of wealth, of more value than their contents. Dutch kast or German SchrankThese are tall wardrobe-like chests with double doors; these are larger than most hope chests, intended for regular service in the home after marriage, so were constructed as to dismantle for transport. American settlersThe peak of the hope chest as folk art came with the waves of European immigrants to America. Many of these, from Scandinavia to the Northern Midwest and Germans in Pennsylvania (Amish, had long traditions of plainly constructed chests with extensive painted decoration. Arabic originsThese chests were known as "dower chests" in the Middle East. "The more than 300,000 surviving documents in the Cairo Genizah are one of our richest sources of insight into daily life in Egypt from the ninth to the 19th centuries. Among them are numerous marriage contracts, all refer to a dower chest. For it, we see two names used: The muqaddimah was for the bride’s personal possessions, they were not elaborately decorated, except in the case of the ruling class."
There have been several instances of child deaths due to suffocation inside hope chests, due to the piece's traditional design which can trap children under a heavy and sometimes self-locking lid. In 1996, following reports of at least six child suffocation deaths, the manufacturer Lane Furniture recalled 12 million hope chests, the lids of which latched shut automatically; the recall applied to all "Lane" and "Virginia Maid" cedar chests manufactured between 1912 and 1987. The typical hope chest is of lidded blanket chest form. In some traditions, there may be one or two side-by-side drawers beneath; as with blanket chests, a small till may be found inside for small items. As the contents of such a chest would be linens, construction in moth-repellent cedar, or at least a cedar lining, was popular; the Lane Company of Altavista, Virginia were a notable maker of cedar chests. After developing production-line techniques for making ammunition boxes during World War I, they turned these production techniques into vast numbers of chests.
This was aided by strong advertising, using a teenaged Shirley Temple as a model, in a campaign targeted at GIs and absentee sweethearts of World War II. They were well known for their practice of distributing miniature cedar chests to high-school girls as advertising gifts; the Eastern Redcedar is the "cedar" used in making moth-repelling cedar chests and drawers, as well as pencils. Decoration is not an intrinsic part of the hope chest, but appears. CarvingCarving was notable in the 18th century joined oak chests; the Hadley chests of Massachusetts are covered by extensive surface carving in the typical low-relief style of the period. PaintingThis is seen in the Scandinavian and German immigrant traditions and follows traditional styles. In many Arab countries, they are still referred to as "sanduq ‘arus", or “wedding box,” although modern trends have them made of metal rather than wood, looking more like a footlocker, they are elaborately painted with a mosque dome or architectural design on the lid, with the color red predominating.
GessoThe elaborate gilded gesso of the cassoni was produced by skille
The bridesmaids are members of the bride's party in a wedding. A bridesmaid is a young woman, a close friend or relative, she attends to the bride on the day of a marriage ceremony. Traditionally, bridesmaids were chosen from unwed young women of marriageable age; the principal bridesmaid, if one is so designated, may be called the chief bridesmaid or maid of honor if she is unmarried, or the matron of honor if she is married. A junior bridesmaid is a girl, too young to be married, but, included as an honorary bridesmaid. In the United States only the maid/matron of honor and the best man are the official witnesses for the wedding license. There is more than one bridesmaid: in modern times the bride chooses how many to ask. No person of status went out unattended, the size of the retinue was calculated to be appropriate to the family's social status. A large group of bridesmaids provided an opportunity for showing off the family's social status and wealth. Today, the number of bridesmaids in a wedding party is dependent on many variables, including a bride's preferences, the size of her family, the number of attendants her partner would like to have as well.
The male equivalent is the groomsman known in British English as an usher. In some cultures, such as in Norway, the Netherlands and Victorian Britain, it has been customary for bridesmaids to be small girls rather than grown women, they may carry flowers during the wedding procession and pose with the married couple in bridal photos. In modern English-speaking countries, this role is separate from that of the bridesmaid, the small child performing it is known as a flower girl. In the UK there is a National Bridesmaid’s Day held on 25th March every year to celebrate bridesmaids. Although many exceed the minimum, the bridesmaids' required duties are limited, they are required to assist the bride on the day of the wedding. Bridesmaids in Europe and North America are asked to assist the bride with planning the wedding and a wedding reception. In modern times, a bridesmaid participates in planning wedding-related events, such as a bridal shower or bachelorette party, if there are any. These, are optional activities.
If it is customary in the bride's area to have a bridesmaids luncheon it is hosted, therefore organized and paid for, by the bride. A junior bridesmaid has no responsibilities beyond attending the wedding; the duties and costs of being a bridesmaid are parsed out between a bride and her attendants in a variety of ways. Since modern bridesmaids, unlike their historical counterparts, can no longer rely on having their clothes and travel expenses paid for by the bride's family, are sometimes told they must pay for parties that the bride wants to have before the wedding, it has become customary for the bride to present the bridesmaids with gifts as a sign of gratitude for the support and financial commitment that comes with their roles, it has become customary for women who are invited to serve as bridesmaids to first ask about the amount of time and money that the bride expects from them before accepting this position, to decline or resign if this is more than they will be able to give. In some American weddings, each bridesmaid may be asked to spend US $1,700 or more, with travel to destination weddings and pre-wedding parties being the biggest expense.
In the United Kingdom, the term "maid of honour" referred to the female attendant of a queen. The term bridesmaid is used for all bridal attendants in the UK. However, when the attendant is married, or is a mature woman, the term matron of honour is used; the influence of American English has led to the chief bridesmaid sometimes being called the maid of honour. In North America, a wedding party might include several bridesmaids, but the maid of honor is the title and position held by the bride's chief attendant her closest friend or sister. In modern-day weddings some brides opt to choose a long-time male friend or brother as their head attendant, using the title best man or man of honor; the activities of the principal bridesmaid may be as many or as varied as she allows the bride to impose upon her. Her only required duty is to participate in the wedding ceremony. However, she is asked for help with the logistics of the wedding as an event, such as addressing invitations, for her help as a friend, such as attending the bride as she shops for her wedding dress.
Aside from being the bride’s right hand, the maid of honor is responsible for leading the rest of the bridal party through the planning of any pre-wedding events. For example, the principal bridesmaid will be the one to make the arrangements for the bridal shower, including invitations, decorations and any games or activities that will be played, he or she will be in charge of planning the bachelorette party, including any travel or lodging accommodations that must be arranged. On the day of the wedding, her principal duty is to provide emotional support, she might assist the bride with dressing and, if needed, help the bride manage her veil, a bouquet, a prayer book, or the train of her wedding dress during the day. In a double-ring wedding, the chief bridesmaid is entrusted with the groom's wedding ring until it is needed during the ceremon
A party is a gathering of people who have been invited by a host for the purposes of socializing, recreation, or as part of a festival or other commemoration of a special occasion. A party will feature food and beverages, music and dancing or other forms of entertainment. In many Western countries, parties for teens and adults are associated with drinking alcohol such as beer, wine, or distilled spirits; some parties are held in honor of a specific person, day, or event, such as a birthday party, a Super Bowl party, or a St. Patrick’s Day party. Parties of this kind are called celebrations. A party is not a private occasion. Public parties are sometimes held in restaurants, beer gardens, nightclubs or bars, people attending such parties may be charged an admission fee by the host. Large parties in public streets may celebrate events such as Mardi Gras or the signing of a peace treaty ending a long war. A birthday party is a celebration of the anniversary of the birth of the person, being honored.
The tradition started in the mid-nineteenth century but did not become popular until the mid-twentieth century. Birthday parties are now a feature of many cultures. In Western cultures, birthday parties include a number of common rituals; the guests may be asked to bring a gift for the honored person. Party locations are decorated with colorful decorations, such as balloons and streamers. A birthday cake is served with lit candles that are to be blown out after a "birthday wish" has been made; the person being honored will be given the first piece of cake. While the birthday cake is being brought to the table, the song "Happy Birthday to You" or some other birthday song is sung by the guests. At parties for children, time is taken for the "gift opening" wherein the individual whose birthday is celebrated opens each of the gifts brought, it is common at children's parties for the host to give parting gifts to the attendees in the form of "goodie bags". Children and adults sometimes wear colorful cone-shaped party hats.
Birthday parties are larger and more extravagant if they celebrate someone who has reached what is regarded in the culture as a milestone age, such as transition from childhood to adulthood. Examples of traditional coming of age celebrations include the North American sweet sixteen party and the Latin American quinceañera. A surprise party is a party, not made known beforehand to the person in whose honor it is being held. Birthday surprise parties are the most common kind of surprise party. At most such parties, the guests will arrive an hour or so before the honored person arrives. A friend in on the surprise will lead the honored person to the location of the party without letting on anything; the guests might conceal themselves from view, when the honored person enters the room, they leap from hiding and all shout, "Surprise!" For some surprise birthday parties, it is considered to be a good tactic to shock the honored person. Streamers, silly string, balloons may be used for this purpose.
Evidence of a party, such as decorations and balloons, are not made visible from the exterior of the home, so that the person honored will suspect nothing. A dinner party is a social gathering at which people eat dinner together in the host's home. At the most formal dinner parties, the dinner is served on a dining table with place settings. Dinner parties are preceded by a cocktail hour in a living room or bar, where guests drink cocktails while mingling and conversing. Wine is served throughout the meal with a different wine accompanying each course. At less formal dinner parties, a buffet is provided. Guests eat while standing up and conversing. Women guests may wear cocktail dresses. At some informal dinner parties, the host may ask guests to bring food or beverages. A party of this type is called a potluck dinner. In the United States, potlucks are often held in churches and community centers. A garden party is a party in a garden. An event described as a garden party is more formal than other outdoor gatherings, which may be called parties, barbecues, etc.
A garden party can be a prestigious event. For example, invitations by the British Sovereign to garden parties at Buckingham Palace are considered an honor; the President of France holds a garden party at the Palais de l'Elysée in Paris on Bastille Day. A cocktail party is a party, it is sometimes called a "cocktail reception". Women who attend a cocktail party may wear a cocktail dress. A cocktail hat is sometimes worn as a fashion statement. In Anglo-American culture, a tea party is a formal gathering for afternoon tea; these parties were traditionally attended only by women, but men may be invited. Tea parties are characterized by the use of prestigious tableware, such as bone china and silver; the table, whatever its size or cost, is made to look its prettiest, with cloth napkins and matching cups and plates. In addition to tea, larger parties may serve punch or, in cold weather, hot chocolate; the tea is accompanied by a variety of managed foods. Thin sandwiches such as cucumber or tomato, cake slices and cookies are all common choices.
Formal receptions are parties that are designed to receive a large number of guests at prestigious venues such as Buckingham Palace, the White House or Government Houses of the British Empire and Commonwealth. The hosts and any guests of honor form a receiving line in order of precedence near the entrance; each guest is announced to the host who greets each one in turn as she arrives. Each guest properly speak
Mehndi is a form of body art originating from the Indian subcontinent, in which decorative designs are created on a person's body, using a paste, created from the powdered dry leaves of the henna plant. Dating back to ancient India, mehndi is still a popular form of body art among the women of the Indian subcontinent and the Middle East. Mehndi is derived from the Sanskrit word mendhikā; the use of mehndi and turmeric is described in the earliest Hindu Vedic ritual books. It was used for only women's palms and sometimes for men, but as time progressed, it was more common for men to wear it. Haldi, as well as mehndi, are Vedic customs, intended to be a symbolic representation of the outer and the inner sun. Vedic customs are centered on the idea of "awakening the inner light". Traditional Indian designs are representations of the sun on the palm, which, in this context, is intended to represent the hands and feet. Mehendi has a great significance in performing classical dance like Bharatnatyam.
There are many designs. Women apply mehndi designs to their hands and feet, though some, including cancer patients and women with alopecia decorate their scalps; the standard color of henna is brown, but other design colors such as white, red and gold are sometimes employed. Practiced in the Indian subcontinent, mehndi is the application of a temporary form of skin decoration, popularized in the West by Indian cinema and the entertainment industry, the people in Nepal and the Maldives use mehndi. Mehndi decorations became fashionable in the West in the late 1990s, where they are called henna tattoos. Mehndi in Indian tradition is applied during special Hindu weddings and Hindu festivals like Karva Chauth, Vat Purnima, Bhai Dooj and Teej. In Hindu festivals, many women have Henna applied to their hands and feet and sometimes on the back of their shoulders too, as men have it applied on their arms, legs and chest. For women, it is drawn on the palm, back of the hand and on feet, where the design will be clearest due to contrast with the lighter skin on these surfaces, which contain less of the pigment melanin.
Muslims in the Indian subcontinent apply Mehndi during festivals such as Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha. Alta, Alata, or Mahur is a red dye used to henna to paint the feet of the brides in South Asia, for instance in the Bengal region where it is done. Due to the desire for a "tattoo-black" appearance, some people add the synthetic dye p-Phenylenediamine to henna to give it a black colour. PPD may cause severe allergic reactions and was voted Allergen of the Year in 2006 by the American Contact Dermatitis Society. Mehndi is a ceremonial art form, it is applied during weddings - for brides. In Rajasthan, the grooms are given designs that are as elaborate as those for brides. In Assam, apart from marriage, it is broadly used by unmarried women during Rongali bihu. Muslims in Afghanistan started to use it as an indication of coming of age. In the Middle East and Africa, it is common for women to apply henna to their fingernails and toenails and to their hands. Henna paste is applied to the skin using a plastic cone, a paintbrush or a stick.
After about 15–20 minutes, the mud will dry and begin to crack, during this time, a mixture of lemon juice and white sugar can be applied over the henna design to remoisten the henna mud so that the henna will stain darker. The painted area is wrapped with tissue, plastic, or medical tape to lock in body heat, creating a more intense colour on the skin; the wrap, is worn for two to six hours, or sometimes overnight, removed. When first removed, the henna design is pale to dark orange in colour and darkens through oxidation, over the course of 24 to 72 hours; the final color is reddish brown and can last anywhere from one to three weeks depending on the quality and type of henna paste applied, as well as where it was applied on the body. Moisturizing with natural oils, such as olive, sesame seed, or coconut, will help extend the lifetime of the stain. Skin exfoliation causes the henna tattoo to fade. Traditional weddings in South Asia can be long and elaborate affairs with many pre-wedding and post wedding ceremonies.
Different countries and regions of a country celebrate the ceremonies in different ways according to their own marriage customs and culture. A henna party is a tradition held before a wedding in many Middle Eastern and North African cultures. Henna parties were held in the house that the bride was going to live in, the guests included girls and women from the bride and groom's side of the family; the bride and all of her guests wore embroidered dresses called "binalli". In addition to this, the bride wore a red veil that covered her face. According to Hindu tradition, the ceremony is held at the bride's house or at a banquet hall on the eve of the marriage ceremony or few days before the marriage; the bride and groom attend the event together and on the occasion, a professional mehndi artist or a relative applies mehndi to the bride's hands and feet. The designs are intricate. Hidden within the mehndi pattern, the name or initials of the groom are applied; the event has a celebratory festival feel to it with the women dancing and singing traditional songs and the girls wearing vivid colors such as hot pink and yellow if the bride to be wishes to tease her future groom she will make him wear purple.
The groom wears jutti instead of western foo
An umbrella or parasol is a folding canopy supported by wooden or metal ribs, mounted on a wooden, metal, or plastic pole. It is designed to protect a person against sunlight; the word "umbrella" refers to a device used for protection from rain. The word parasol refers to an item designed to protect from the sun; the difference is the material used for the canopy. Umbrella canopies may be made of flexible plastic. There are combinations of parasol and umbrella that are called en-tout-cas. Umbrellas and parasols are hand-held portable devices sized for personal use; the largest hand-portable umbrellas are golf umbrellas. Umbrellas can be divided into two categories: collapsible umbrellas, in which the metal pole supporting the canopy retracts, making the umbrella small enough to fit in a handbag. Another distinction can be made between manually operated umbrellas and spring-loaded automatic umbrellas which spring open at the press of a button. Hand-held umbrellas have some type of handle, either a wooden or plastic cylinder or a bent "crook" handle.
Umbrellas are available in a range of price and quality points, ranging from inexpensive, modest quality models sold at discount stores to expensive, finely made, designer-labeled models. Larger parasols capable of blocking the sun for several people are used as fixed or semi-fixed devices, used with patio tables or other outdoor furniture, or as points of shade on a sunny beach; the collapsible/folding umbrella, the direct predecessor to the modern umbrella, originated in China. These Chinese umbrellas were internally supported with bendable and extendable joints as well as sliding levers similar to those in use today. Parasols are sometimes called sunshades. An umbrella may be called a brolly, rainshade, gamp, or bumbershoot; the word "parasol" is a combination of para, meaning to stop or to shield, sol, meaning sun. "Parapluie" consists of para combined with pluie, which means rain. Hence, a parasol shields from sunlight; the word "umbrella" evolved from umbra, meaning shaded or shadow. In Britain, umbrellas were sometimes referred to as "gamps" after the character Mrs. Gamp in the Charles Dickens novel Martin Chuzzlewit, although this usage is now obscure.
Mrs. Gamp's character was well known for carrying an umbrella.'Brolly' is a slang word for umbrella, used in Britain, New Zealand, South Africa, Kenya.'Bumbershoot' is a fanciful Americanism from the late 19th century. In all written records, the oldest reference to a collapsible umbrella dates to the year 21 AD, when Wang Mang had one designed for a ceremonial four-wheeled carriage; the 2nd-century commentator Fu Qian added that this collapsible umbrella of Wang Mang's carriage had bendable joints which enabled them to be extended or retracted. A 1st century collapsible umbrella has since been recovered from the tomb of Wang Guang at Lelang Commandery in the Korean Peninsula, illustrated in a work by Harada and Komai. However, the Chinese collapsible umbrella is a concept, yet centuries older than Wang's tomb. Zhou Dynasty bronze castings of complex bronze socketed hinges with locking slides and bolts—which could have been used for parasols and umbrellas—were found in an archeological site of Luoyang, dated to the 6th century BC.
An older source on the umbrella is the ancient book of Chinese ceremonies, called Zhou Li, dating 2,400 years ago, which directs that the dais should be placed upon the imperial cars. The figure of this dais contained in Zhou-Li, the description of it given in the explanatory commentary of Lin-hi-ye, both identify it with an umbrella; the latter describes the dais to be composed of 28 arcs, which are equivalent to the ribs of the modern instrument, the staff supporting the covering to consist of two parts, the upper being a rod 3/18 of a Chinese foot in circumference, the lower a tube 6/10 in circumference, into which the upper half is capable of sliding and closing. The Chinese character for umbrella is 傘 and is a pictograph resembling the modern umbrella in design; some investigators have supposed that its invention was first created by tying large leaves to bough-like ribs. Others assert that the idea was derived from the tent, which remains in an unaltered form to the present day. However, the tradition existing in China is that it originated in standards and banners waving in the air, hence the use of the umbrella was linked to high-ranking in China.
On at least one occasion, twenty-four umbrellas were carried before the Emperor when he went out hunting. The umbrella served in this case as a defense against rain rather than sun; the Chinese design was brought to Japan via Korea and introduced to Persia and the Western world via the Silk Road. The Chinese and Japanese traditional parasol used near temples, remains similar to the original ancient Chinese design. A late Song dynasty Chinese divination book, printed in about 1270 AD features a picture of a collapsible umbrella, like the modern umbrella of today's China. In the sculptures at Nineveh, the parasol appears frequently. Austen He
Piers Plowman or Visio Willelmi de Petro Ploughman is a Middle English allegorical narrative poem by William Langland. It is written in alliterative verse divided into sections called passus. Like the Pearl Poet's Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Piers Plowman is considered by many critics to be one of the greatest works of English literature of the Middle Ages preceding and influencing Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. Piers Plowman contains the first known reference to a literary tradition of Robin Hood tales; the poem, a mix of theological allegory and social satire, concerns the narrator/dreamer's quest for the true Christian life in the context of medieval Catholicism. This journey takes place within a series of dream-visions; the poem is divided into the divisions between which vary by version. The following summary is based on the B-version of the poem—the most edited and translated. Prologue: The poem begins in the Malvern Hills between Worcestershire and Herefordshire. A man named Will falls asleep and has a vision of a tower set upon a hill and a fortress in a deep valley.
A satirical account of different sections of society follows, along with a dream-like fable representing the King as a cat and his people as rodents. Passus 1: Holy Church visits Will and explains the tower of Truth, discusses Truth more generally. Passus 2: Will sees Lady Mede and finds out about her planned marriage to False. Passus 3: Lady Mede travels to the royal court. Passus 4: Conscience and Reason convince the King not to marry Mede to False. Will wakes up. Passus 5: Will falls back to sleep. Reason gives a sermon to the Field of Folk and the people decide to repent; the Seven Deadly Sins make in penance attempt to go on pilgrimage to St Truth. They get lost, Piers Plowman makes his first appearance: he will help the penitents if they help him plough his half-acre. Passus 6: Piers and the penitents plough the half-acre; some people refuse to work, Hunger punishes them until they work. But once Hunger has been sated, the people return to idleness. Passus 7: Eventually, Truth sends Piers a pardon for the penitents' sins.
When challenged on the pardon's validity by a priest, Piers angrily tears it in two. Will is awakened by their arguing and, musing on his dreams, decides to seek ‘Do-wel’; the A-version of Piers Plowman stops at this point. Passus 8: Will's search for Dowel begins, he enters into a disputation with Friars. He falls asleep once more and meets Thought. Thought instructs Will in'Do well, do better, do best'. Practical interpretation of what these concepts mean is to be provided by Wit. Passus 9: There is an extended allegory featuring Dowel and the Castle of Flesh, exposing the need for people to be governed by their ‘Inwit’; the text discusses marriage. Wit makes further inroads as active virtue. Passus 10: Will meets Wit’s wife, Dame Study, she complains to Will about his ignorance. Will proceeds to Clergy and Scripture to learn more about Dowel, he considers. Passus 11: Scripture complains about Will's lack of self-knowledge. Angered, Will has a dream-within-a-dream in which he meets Fortune, he serves her into old age.
Will learns about power of love. Kynde shows Will the world. Will has an argument with Reason: Reason, Will concludes, does not do enough to keep people from sin. Will awakes from the dream-within-a-dream, he now meets Imaginatif. Passus 12: Imaginatif teaches Will, bringing together and improving his understanding of earlier discussions in the poem. Imaginatif emphasises the importance of Grace. Passus 13: Will awakens and falls back to sleep. Piers the Plowman Do Better and Do Best. Conscience and Patience meet Haukyn the Active Man, who wears a coat of Christian faith which is, soiled with the Seven Deadly Sins. Passus 14: Conscience teaches Haukyn to seek forgiveness and do penance. Haukyn cries out for God's mercy. Passus 15: Will finds himself alienated from the waking world, but Reason helps him to go back to sleep, whereupon Will meets Anima. Anima tells Will off for his pride in wanting to know too much, but goes on to talk about charity, in particular how the Church should care for its flock, but how its priests and monks do not always fulfil this duty.
Talking to Anima, Will starts to conclude. Will realises that he needs to switch from searching for Dowel to searching for Char
A wedding planner is a professional who assists with the design and management of a client's wedding. Weddings are significant events in people's lives and as such, couples are willing to spend considerable amount of money to ensure that their weddings are well-organized. Wedding planners are used by couples who work long hours and have little spare time available for sourcing and managing wedding venues and wedding suppliers. Professional wedding planners are based worldwide but the industry is the largest in the USA, western Europe and China. Various wedding planning courses are available to those. Planners charge either a percentage of the total wedding cost, or a flat fee. Planners are popular with couples planning a destination wedding, where the documentation and paperwork can be complicated. Any country where a wedding is held requires different procedures depending on the nationality of each the bride and the groom. For instance, US citizens marrying in Italy require a Nulla Osta, plus an Atto Notorio, legalization of the above.
Some countries instead have agreements and the couple can get their No Impediment forms from their local registrar and have it translated by the consulate in the country of the wedding. A local wedding planner can take care of the different procedures; the services of a wedding planner may include: Interview the couple and parents to identify their needs. Preparation of the budget Design and style of the event Scouting locations Photoshoots Planning a detailed checklist Preparation of the list of participants Identification of venues for events Identification and contracting of wedding professionals and service providers and contract preparation and execution. Acquisition of custom decorations, such as a travel map Coordination of deliveries / services on the wedding day. Have a back-up plan in the event of a disaster. Manages programming with software. Help and prepare legal documentation and translations - for destination weddings Event layout indicating the location of the dance floor, buffet points, chairs, etc.
Event briefing for all suppliers Coordinating wedding day and pre-event assembly follow-up The 2001 comedy The Wedding Planner with Jennifer Lopez and Matthew McConaughey is about the busy life of a wedding planner who falls in love with one of her clients. Many TV shows that have branched from wedding planning, such as TLC's Say Yes to the Dress; this is a reality show that follows brides as they shop at the prestigious Kleinfeld's for their perfect wedding dress. Another show is'My Fair Wedding' with celebrity party planner David Tutera. More Bollywood film Band Baaja Baaraat is about marriage planners falling in love. Ranveer Singh won Best Debutant at several awards; the film had a successful run at the theaters. The 2011 Hong Kong television drama Only You tells the stories of a fictional wedding services agency and their clients. Event planning Marriage proposal planner