Hinton House is a large country house near Hinton St George in Somerset, England. The house was rebuilt around 1500 by Sir Amias Paulet. Alterations were made for successive Lords Poulett by Matthew Brettingham, John Soane, James Wyatt, Jeffry Wyattville; the Tower House was added around 1814. The design of the south front is based on Inigo Jones's Banqueting House in Whitehall; the South Range is Grade II* listed. The former stable block, built in the late 18th century, designed by John Soane, is a Grade II listed building. South of the main house is a sunken garden, surrounded by low open balustrading. During the Second World War, the house was used by the St Felix School for Girls, evacuated from Felixstowe; the estate was broken up in August 1968, when it was sold by the childless 8th and last Earl Poulett. The house itself was divided into several flats. Robinson, Felling the Ancient Oaks, Aurum Press, 2011, ISBN 978-1845136703
Selfridges known as Selfridges & Co. is a chain of high-end department stores in the United Kingdom, operated by Selfridges Retail Limited. It was founded by Harry Gordon Selfridge in 1908; the flagship store on London's Oxford Street is the second largest shop in the UK and opened 15 March 1909. Other Selfridges stores opened in the Trafford Centre and Exchange Square in Manchester, in the Bullring in Birmingham. In the 1940s, smaller provincial Selfridge stores were sold to the John Lewis Partnership, in 1951, the original Oxford Street store was acquired by the Liverpool-based Lewis's chain of department stores. Lewis's and Selfridges were taken over in 1965 by the Sears Group, owned by Charles Clore. Expanded under the Sears Group to include branches in Manchester and Birmingham, the chain was acquired in 2003 by Canada's Galen Weston for £598 million; the shop's early history was dramatised in Mr Selfridge. The basis of Harry Gordon Selfridge's success was his relentlessly innovative marketing, elaborately expressed in his Oxford Street store.
From America himself, Selfridge attempted to dismantle the idea that consumerism was an American phenomenon. He tried to make shopping a fun adventure and a form of leisure instead of a chore, transforming the department store into a social and cultural landmark that provided women with a public space in which they could be comfortable and legitimately indulge themselves. Emphasizing the importance of creating a welcome environment, he placed merchandise on display so customers could examine it, moved the profitable perfume counter front-and-centre on the ground floor, established policies that made it safe and easy for customers to shop; these techniques have been adopted by modern department stores around the world. Either Selfridge or Marshall Field is popularly held to have coined the phrase "the customer is always right", Selfridge used it in his advertising. Selfridge attracted shoppers with educational and scientific exhibits and was himself interested in education and science, believing that the displays would introduce potential new customers to Selfridges and thus generate both immediate and long-term sales.
In 1909, after the first cross-Channel flight, Louis Blériot's monoplane was put on display at Selfridges, where it was seen by 12,000 people. John Logie Baird made the first public demonstration of moving silhouette images by television from the first floor of Selfridges from 1 to 27 April 1925. In the 1920s and 1930s, the roof of the store hosted terraced gardens, cafes, a mini golf course and an all-girl gun club; the roof, with its extensive views across London, was a common place for strolling after a shopping trip and was used for fashion shows. During the Second World War, The store's basement was used as an air-raid shelter and during raids employees were on the lookout for incendiary bombs and took watch in turns; the store was bombed but survived comparatively unscathed except for the famous roof gardens, which were destroyed and not reopened until 2009. A Milne-Shaw seismograph was set up on the Oxford Street store's third floor in 1932, attached to one of the building's main stanchions, where it remained unaffected by traffic or shoppers.
It recorded the Belgian earthquake of 11 June 1938, felt in London. In 1947, it was given to the British Museum; the huge SIGSALY scrambling apparatus, by which transatlantic conferences between American and British officials were secured against eavesdropping, was housed in the basement from 1943 on, with extension to the Cabinet War Rooms about a mile away. In 1926, Selfridges set up the Selfridge Provincial Stores company, which had expanded over the years to include sixteen provincial stores, but these were sold to the John Lewis Partnership in 1940; the Liverpool-based Lewis's chain of department stores acquired the remaining Oxford Street Shop in 1951, until it was taken over in 1965 by the Sears Group, owned by Charles Clore. Under the Sears group, branches in Ilford and Oxford opened, with the latter remaining Selfridges until 1986, when Sears rebranded it as a Lewis's store. In 1990, Sears Holdings split Selfridges from Lewis's and placed Lewis's in administration a year later. In March 1998, Selfridges acquired its current logo in tandem with the opening of the Manchester Trafford Centre store and Selfridges' demerger from Sears.
In September 1998, Selfridges expanded and opened a department store in the newly-opened Trafford Centre in Greater Manchester. Following its success, Selfridges announced they would open an additional 125,000-square-foot store in Exchange Square, Manchester city centre; the Exchange Square store opened in 2002 as Manchester city centre started to return to normal following the 1996 Manchester bombing. A 260,000-square-foot store opened in 2003 in Birmingham's Bull Ring. In 2003, the chain was acquired by Canada's Galen Weston for £598 million and became part of Selfridges Group, which includes Brown Thomas and Arnotts in Ireland, Holt Renfrew in Canada and de Bijenkorf in the Netherlands. Weston, a retailing expert, the owner of major supermarket chains in Canada, has chosen to invest in the renovation of the Oxford Street store – rather than to create new stores in British cities other than Manchester and Birmingham. Simon Forster is the Managing Director of Selfridges, while Anne Pitcher is the Managing Director of Selfridges Group.
In October 2009, Selfridges revived its rooftop entertainment with the opening of "The Restaurant on the Roof". In July 2011, Truvia created an emerald green boating lake. In 20
Sir Norman Bishop Hartnell, KCVO was a leading British fashion designer, best known for his work for the ladies of the Royal Family. Hartnell gained the Royal Warrant as Dressmaker to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother in 1940. Hartnell is famous as the man who made London a viable twentieth century fashion centre during the inter-war years. Born to an upwardly mobile family in Streatham, in southwest London, his parents were publicans and owners of the Crown & Sceptre, at the top of Streatham Hill. Educated at Mill Hill School, Hartnell became an undergraduate at Magdalene College and read Modern Languages, his main interest lay in performing, designing productions for the university Footlights and he was noticed by the London press as the designer of a Footlights production which transferred to Daly's Theatre, London. He worked unsuccessfully for two London designers, including the celebrated Lucile, whom he sued for damages when several of his drawings appeared unattributed in her weekly fashion column in the London Daily Sketch.
In 1923 he opened his own business at 10 Bruton Street, with the financial help of his father and first business colleague, his sister Phyllis. The Doctor Who actor William Hartnell was his second cousin. Thanks to his Cambridge connections, Hartnell acquired a clientele of débutantes and their mothers intent on fashionable originality in dress design for a busy social life centred on the London Season. and was considered by some to be a good London alternative to Parisian or older London dress houses. The London press seized on the novelty of his gender. Although expressing the spirit of the Bright Young Things and Flappers, his designs overlaid the harder silhouettes with a fluid romanticism in detail and construction; this was most evident in Hartnell's predilection for evening and bridal gowns, gowns for court presentations, afternoon gowns for guests at society weddings. Hartnell's success ensured international press coverage and a flourishing trade with those no longer content with'safe' London clothes derived from Parisian designs.
Hartnell became popular with the younger stars of stage and screen, went on to dress such leading ladies as Gladys Cooper, Elsie Randolph, Gertrude Lawrence, Jessie Matthews, Merle Oberon, Evelyn Laye and Anna Neagle. Top French stars Alice Delysia and Mistinguett were impressed by the young Englishman's genius. Alarmed by the lack of sales, Phyllis insisted that Norman cease his pre-occupation with the design of evening clothes and he create practical day clothes, he achieved a subtlety and ingenuity with British woollens scarcely imagined in London dressmaking, yet successfully demonstrated in Paris by Coco Chanel, who showed a keen interest in his 1927 and 1929 collections when shown in Paris. Hartnell emulated his British predecessor and hero Charles Frederick Worth by taking his designs to the heart of world fashion. Hartnell specialised in expensive and lavish embroidery as an integral part of his most expensive clothes, creating the luxurious and exclusive effect which justified the high prices.
They were created to deflect the ready-to wear copyists. The Hartnell in-house embroidery workroom was the largest in London couture and continued until his death producing the embroidered Christmas cards for clients and press during quiet August days, a practical form of publicity at which Hartnell was always adept; the originality and intricacy of Hartnell embroideries were described in the press in reports of the original wedding dresses he designed for prominent young women during the 1920s and 1930s, a natural extension of his designs for them as débutantes, when many wore his innovative evening dresses and day clothes. By 1934 Hartnell's success had outgrown his premises and he moved over the road to a large Mayfair town house provided with floors of work-rooms at the rear to Bruton Mews; the first floor salon was the height of modernity, like his clothes and the glass and mirror-lined Art Moderne space was designed by the innovative young architect Gerald Lacoste. The interiors of the large late 18th-century town house are now protected as one of the finest examples of art-moderne pre-war commercial design in the UK.
The timeless quality of Lacoste's designs was the perfect background for each new season of Hartnell designs, created for aristocratic British women of all ages and worn by most of the famous theatre and film stars of their day, including Vivien Leigh, Gertrude Lawrence, Merle Oberon, Ann Todd, Evelyn Laye, Anna Neagle and trans-Atlantic stars such as Marlene Dietrich, Elizabeth Taylor and Linda Christian. At the same time, Hartnell moved into the new building, he acquired a week-end retreat, Lovel Dene, a Queen Anne cottage in Windsor Forest, Berkshire; this was extensively re-modelled for him by Lacoste. London life was based in The Tower House, Park Village West Regent's Park re-modelled and furnished with a fashionable mixture of Regency and modern furniture. In 1935 Hartnell received the momentous first royal commands, inaugurating four decades of his worldwide fame and success in providing clothes for the ladies of the British Royal Family. Lady Alice Montagu-Douglas-Scott, the future Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, a daughter of the Duke of Buccleuch, approached Hartnell to design her dress and those of her bridesmaids for her marriage to Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, third son of King George V.
Two bridesmaids were Princess Elizabeth and Princess Margaret, daughters of the Duke and Duchess of York. Both George V and Queen Mary approved the desig
Pond's is a brand of beauty and health care products owned by parent company the multinational corporation Unilever. Pond's Cream was invented in the United States as a patent medicine by pharmacist Theron T. Pond of Utica, New York, in 1846. Mr. Pond extracted a healing tea from witch hazel which he discovered could heal small cuts and other ailments; the product was named "Golden Treasure." After Theron died, it would be known as "Pond's Extract."In 1849, the T. T. Pond Company was formed with other investors. Soon after, he sold his portion of the company because of failing health, he died in 1852. In 1914, the company was incorporated under the name Pond's Extract Company; the company moved to Connecticut establishing its manufacturing center there. It moved its sales office to New York City. In 1886, Pond's began to advertise nationally, they advertised under the name of Pond's Healing until 1910. By the twentieth century, the company's main emphasis was selling cosmetics products; the "Pond's Vanishing Cream" and the "Pond's Cold Cream" were created, marking the entrance of Pond's products into the facial care industry.
Today Pond's is sold around the world. Its largest markets are in Spain and in Asia, including India and Thailand. By 1910, Pond's was a well established brand among Americans. Concentrating on their vanishing cream, the Pond's company began an ad campaign that would become notorious because of the celebrities involved in it. "Pond's Healing" took a back seat to "Pond's Vanishing Cream", as "Pond's Healing" and "Pond's Cold Cream" would be announced in small print under the "Pond's Vanishing Cream" advertisements. By 1914, mentions of "Pond's Healing" were taken off the ads, the Pond's company began to advertise "Pond's Vanishing Cream" and "Pond's Cold Cream" together, making sure to explain each cream's different purposes on the new ads. One particular ad line read "Every normal skin needs these two creams"; as a result of the new campaign, "Pond's Vanishing Cream" had a 60% increase in sales during 1915, "Pond's Cold Cream" had a 27% increase. By 1922, sales of the products had gone down, as many believed that such an available product could not perform as well as other, "designer" products.
Because of this, the Pond's Company targeted royalty and people of high class stature to become advertisers for the company. In addition, these ads were printed in magazines such as Vogue and others, to give customers a feeling that they were getting a quality product for a fair price. In 1923, Queen Marie of Romania visited the United States, she enjoyed the product so much that in 1925 she wrote to the Pond's Company requesting more supplies, her letter was, in turn, used for advertisement, Her Majesty joined the list of celebrities who had sponsored the products. Around the time of Queen Marie's visit to the United States, the Pond's Company began to place samples of their products at their magazine ads, the characters of "Peter" and "Polly Ponds" were created, as part of their campaign to entice normal people into buying their cream again; the marketing strategies proved successful. "Peter" and "Polly Ponds" disappeared from the company's ad campaigns after 1925. During the Depression Era of the 1930s, the company's business slowed down somewhat.
However, the Pond's company expanded adding Face Powder and Angel Face products. Pond's Company was merged in 1955 with the Chesebrough Manufacturing Company, which had a good percentage of brands in the facial care field. With this merger, "Pond's Creams" became sisters with the Cutex nail polish brand and the Matchabelli perfumes. With the Chesebrough Manufacturing Company in command, "Pond's Creams" became available at many supermarkets across the United States; the creams' bottles consisted of small, glass bottles with a round cap. The bottles were recognizable by their distinctive colors in green, blue or white; the bottle design is still in use by the Pond's brand. In 1987, the Chesebrough Manufacturing Company popularly known as "Chesebrough-Ponds", was acquired by Anglo-Dutch company Unilever, giving "Pond's Creams" a more international reach. Creams" White beauty DAY cream ADVANCED SPF 15 "White beauty NIGHT cream "Flawless white DAY GenActiv Cream "Flawless white NIGHT GenActiv Cream "Age miracle cell ReGEN DAY cream "Age miracle cell ReGEN Deep Action NIGHT cream "Acne clear expert-removing gelFacial foams"Acne clear *Anti-acne facial foam "Pure white Deep cleansing charcoal facial foam "White beauty lightining PRO-V B3 facial foam "Flawless white GenActiv Deep whitening facial foam "age miracle cell ReGEN facial foamBB Creams"Luminous Finish BB+ Cream" in light and medium shades "flawless white whitening expert BB+ "age miracle anti-aging expert BB+Talcum powdermagic dreamflower oilcontrol sandalwood angel face flawless white pressed powder SPF 30Facial Cleansers"Original Fresh Wet Cleansing Towelettes" "Evening Soothe Wet Cleaning Towelettes" "Exfoliating renewal Wet Cleaning Towelettes" "Luminous Clean Wet Cleanings Towelettes" "Luminous Clean Cream Cleanser" "Cold Cream Cleanser" "Luminous Clean Daily Exfoliating Cleanser" "Cucumber Cleanser" "white beauty pore conditioning toner" "acne clear toner" "Perfect care cold cream cleanser" "washable cold cream "clear face cold cream" "age beauty cold cream"Facial Moisturizers"Luminous Moisture" "Dry Skin Cream" "Rejunveness" "Clarant B3" for normal - dry skin "Clarant B3" for normal - oily skin "Bio-Hydratante Hydration Cream" "flawless white dewy rose gel" "flawless white dewy rose gel SPF 30"Makeup Removers"Original Fresh Wet Cleansing Towelettes" "Evening Soothe Wet Cleaning Towelettes" "Exfoliating renewal Wet Cleaning Towelettes" "Luminous Clean Wet Cleaning
Sir Cecil Walter Hardy Beaton CBE was an English fashion and war photographer, painter, interior designer and an Oscar–winning stage and costume designer for films and the theatre. Beaton was born on 14 January 1904 in Hampstead, the son of Ernest Walter Hardy Beaton, a prosperous timber merchant, his wife, Esther "Etty" Sisson, his grandfather, Walter Hardy Beaton, had founded the family business of "Beaton Brothers Timber Merchants and Agents", his father followed into the business. Ernest Beaton was an amateur actor and met his wife, Cecil's mother Esther, when playing the lead in a play, she was the daughter of a Cumbrian blacksmith named Joseph Sisson and had come to London to visit her married sister. Ernest and Etty Beaton had four children – Cecil. Cecil Beaton was educated at Heath Mount School and St Cyprian's School, where his artistic talent was recognised. Both Cyril Connolly and Henry Longhurst report in their autobiographies being overwhelmed by the beauty of Beaton's singing at the St Cyprian's school concerts.
When Beaton was growing up his nanny had a Kodak 3A Camera, a popular model, renowned for being an ideal piece of equipment to learn on. Beaton's nanny began developing film, he would get his sisters and mother to sit for him. When he was sufficiently proficient, he would send the photos off to London society magazines writing under a pen name and ‘recommending’ the work of Beaton. Beaton attended Harrow School, despite having little or no interest in academia, moved on to St John's College and studied history and architecture. Beaton continued his photography, through his university contacts managed to get a portrait depicting the Duchess of Malfi published in Vogue, it was George "Dadie" Rylands – "a out-of-focus snapshot of him as Webster's Duchess of Malfi standing in the sub-aqueous light outside the men's lavatory of the ADC Theatre at Cambridge." Beaton left Cambridge without a degree in 1925. After a short time in the family timber business, he worked with a cement merchant in Holborn.
This resulted in ` an orgy of photography at weekends'. Under the patronage of Osbert Sitwell he put on his first exhibition in the Cooling London, it caused. Believing that he would meet with greater success on the other side of the Atlantic, he left for New York and built up a reputation there. By the time he left, he had "a contract with Condé Nast Publications to take photographs for them for several thousand pounds a year for several years to come."From 1930 to 1945, Beaton leased Ashcombe House in Wiltshire, where he entertained many notable figures. In 1947, he bought Reddish House, set in 2.5 acres of gardens 5 miles to the east in Broad Chalke. Here he transformed the interior, adding rooms on the eastern side, extending the parlour southwards, introducing many new fittings. Greta Garbo was a visitor, he is buried in the churchyard. Beaton designed book jackets, costumes for charity matinees, learning the craft of photography at the studio of Paul Tanqueray, until Vogue took him on in 1927.
He set up his own studio, one of his earliest clients and best friends was Stephen Tennant. Beaton's photographs of Tennant and his circle are considered some of the best representations of the Bright Young People of the twenties and thirties. Beaton's first camera was a Kodak 3A folding camera. Over the course of his career, he employed both large format cameras, smaller Rolleiflex cameras. Beaton was never known as a skilled technical photographer, instead focused on staging a compelling model or scene and looking for the perfect shutter-release moment, he was a photographer for the British edition of Vogue in 1931 when George Hoyningen-Huene, photographer for the French Vogue travelled to England with his new friend Horst. Horst himself would begin to work for French Vogue in November of that year; the exchange and cross pollination of ideas between this collegial circle of artists across the Channel and the Atlantic gave rise to the look of style and sophistication for which the 1930s are known.
Beaton is known for his fashion photographs and society portraits. He worked as a staff photographer for Vanity Fair and Vogue in addition to photographing celebrities in Hollywood. In 1938, he inserted some tiny-but-still-legible anti-Semitic phrases into American Vogue at the side of an illustration about New York society; the issue was recalled and reprinted, Beaton was fired. Beaton returned to England, he became a leading war photographer, best known for his images of the damage done by the German Blitz. His style sharpened and his range broadened, Beaton's career was restored by the war. Beaton photographed the Royal Family for official publication. Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother was his favourite royal sitter, he once pocketed her scented hankie as a keepsake from a successful shoot. Beaton took the famous wedding pictures of the Duchess of Windsor. During the Second World War, Beaton was first posted to the Ministry of Information and given the task of rec
Dorothy Hyson, Lady Quayle, was born Dorothy Wardell Heisen, in Chicago, USA. She was a successful American film and stage actress who worked in England. During World War II she worked as a cryptographer at Bletchley Park, she was the only child of actress Dorothy Dickson and matinée idol Carl Constantine Hyson. Her mother was known for being the Toast of Broadway. Hyson made her acting debut at age three, playing her mother's daughter in a silent film shot by director George Fitzmaurice shot at New York's Paramount studios. Hyson moved to England with her parents who divorced, her mother had a successful run in Jerome Kern's musical Sally and became the highest-paid actress in London. Hyson was schooled in England and France, but "Little Dot", as she was nicknamed, made several West End appearances in children's roles including J. M. Barrie's Quality Street. After seeing her, aged 13, in the theatrical adaptation of Daisy Ashford's The Young Visiters, Sybil Thorndike told her mother, "She's going to be a star."
After finishing school in Paris, Hyson appeared in Soldiers of the King with Cicely Courtneidge at age 19. Her professional theatrical debut was in Ivor Novello's play Flies in the Sun, she appeared on stage at night. Filming at Blackpool with Gracie Fields Sing As We Go and acting in the West End in Dodie Smith's Touch Wood led to a nervous breakdown, she continued to be in light West End comedies and had a big hit in an adaptation of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice in 1936. In 1938 she appeared as Titania in Tyrone Guthrie's Old Vic revival of A Midsummer Night's Dream. During the Second World War, Hyson made several more films including You Will Remember with Robert Morley and the musical comedy Spare a Copper with George Formby, she acted in revue, musical comedy and plays like the thriller Pink String and Sealing Wax in 1943) and an adaptation from Trollope Scandal at Barchester in 1944. In 1945 she played Lady Windermere in Oscar Wilde's Lady Windermere's Fan, she worked at the secret codebreaking establishment Bletchley Park during World War II, although married to Robert Douglas, was visited there by Anthony Quayle, who became her second husband.
Quayle recalled that: "She had gone to work as a cryptographer at Bletchley Park. I went to see her there and found her ill and exhausted with the long night shifts." She was a "byword for theatrical West End glamour" and after the war returned to the West End, joining John Gielgud’s Haymarket Company in 1945. She was married twice—to actor Robert Douglas and actor and director Sir Anthony Quayle. After marrying Quayle in 1947 she soon retired from the stage to concentrate on bringing up their three children, she was widowed in 1989 and died from a stroke on May 23, 1996, aged 81, in England, a year after the death of her mother, who died at age 102. It is not known whether she or her mother relinquished their United States citizenship and/or became a British subjects. Dorothy Hyson on IMDb Dorothy Hyson at the Internet Broadway Database 1921 passport photo of Dorothy Hyson as a child, travelling to join her parents Dorothy Dickson and Carl Hyson
Lady Sibell Lygon was an English socialite, part of the Bright Young Things. Lady Sibell Lygon was born on 10 October 1907, the daughter of William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp and Lady Lettice Grosvenor. An incident when Sibell and her sister Mary Lygon remained closed out of their home, Halkin House, inspired a scene of Vile Bodies to Evelyn Waugh. Most of their life at Madresfield inspired Brideshead Revisited. Sibell Lygon was the receptionist at the hairdressing and beauty establishment in Bond Street run by Violet Cripps, former wife of her maternal uncle, Hugh Grosvenor, 2nd Duke of Westminster, she was a Socialist and a journalist and contributed stories to Harper's Bazaar. In 1935 her name was linked to that of George II of Greece together with Primrose Salt, Lady Mary Lygon, Lady Bridget PoulettOn 11 February 1939 Lady Sibell Lygon married Michael Rowley, an aircraft designer eight years her junior, son of Violet Cripps. Since the previous marriage of Rowley was not dissolved, the 1939 marriage was considered bigamy and they married again in 1949.
He died of a brain tumor in 1952. In 1953 she was named Master of the Ledbury Hunt, she lived at Stow-on-the-Wold. She had a relationship with 6th Earl of Rosebery, she died on 31 October 2005 aged 98 and was buried at Madresfield