Brighstone Forest is located in the southwest of the Isle of Wight. It is the largest forest on the Isle of Wight, being just a few hectares larger than Parkhurst Forest, it is spread over a number of hilly ridges. From west to east the ridges are Chessell Down, Westover Down, Brighstone Down, Newbarn Down, Rowborough Down and Idlecombe Down; the main entrance is located at grid reference SZ 419849. The forest lies close to the small town of Brighstone, is part of the Isle of Wight AONB. Shalcombe Down is an outlying block of woodland to the west of Brighstone Forest; the entrance to this block is located at grid reference SZ 395852. Both woods are managed by the Forestry Commission under leasehold agreements - the total area is 482 hectares. Https://web.archive.org/web/20070926235501/http://www.defra.gov.uk/rural/hunting/inquiry/evidence/wightcon.htm Forestry Commission management plan
Dinosaurs of the Isle of Wight
The Isle of Wight is one of the richest dinosaur localities in Europe, with over 20 species of dinosaur having been recognised from the early Cretaceous Period, some of which were first identified on the island, as well as the contemporary non-dinosaurian species of crocodile and pterosaur. Compton Bay, near Freshwater features dinosaur footprints; the Isle of Wight has layers of the Vectis and Wealden fossil-bearing beds exposed on the southern half of the island. These are revealed in the cliffs of Yaverland, close to Sandown, at Hanover Point and Whale Chine, along the southwestern coast; the island's dinosaurs come from the Wessex Formation, which dates from between 125 and 110 million years ago. During this time the Isle of Wight located on a latitude at which North Africa resides today, had a subtropical environment and was part of a large river valley complex, which ran along the south coast of England to Belgium, it was a world of ponds and swamps, so it had conditions favourable for the formation of fossils.
Animal remains from this time include crocodiles, pterosaurs and some birds. In the water were snails and mussels; as this environment did not change much, over the course of 10 million years, a large number of fossils were formed, so the island today is a rich source. Unless otherwise specified, the following is a list of dinosaurs for which complete skeletons have been found on the island. There are many more species, known only from a single or few bones. Suborder Ornithopoda Iguanodon bernissartensis Mantellisaurus atherfieldensis Valdosaurus canaliculatus Hypsilophodon foxii: Named after Rev. William Fox, a fossil collector of the Isle of Wight who found several skeletons. Suborder Thyreophora Polacanthus foxii: Also named after the Reverend Fox. Notable as no head to the specimen has been found and reconstructions are based upon suppositions from similar ankylosaurians. Suborder Sauropodomorpha The'Barnes High' sauropod: A member of the Brachiosauridae family, most Eucamerotus or Pelorosaurus.
This is the most complete specimen from the Wealden era. Suborder Theropoda Baryonyx walkeri: Teeth are common on the Island. Hand bones have been found. Eotyrannus lengi: A tyrannosauroid. First named in 2001 from a single specimen found on the island. Neovenator salerii: The holotype skeleton was found on the island. Yaverlandia: The holotype partial skull was found at Yaverland, it was believed to have belonged to a pachycephalosaurian. Deborah Cadbury, The Dinosaur Hunters ISBN 1-85702-963-1. Includes brief references to collectors on the island. Dinosaurs at Dinosaur Isle The website of Dinosaur Isle, an Isle of Wight palaeontological museum. DinoWight - The Dinosaurs of the Isle of Wight Good site for general and scientific information Dinosaur Attractions Dinosaur Visitor attractions and things to do on the Isle of Wight The Palaeontological Association - Official website. "New Species Of Prehistoric Creatures Discovered In Isle Of Wight Mud", ScienceDaily, February 2009 news item on the discovery of diverse 48 species.
Dinosaurs of the Isle of Wight ISBN 0-901702-72-2, is the title of a field guide to dinosaurs found on the island, by Darren Naish and David Martill
Ryde is an English seaside town and civil parish on the north-east coast of the Isle of Wight, with a population of 32,072 at the 2011 Census. It grew in size as a seaside resort after the villages of Upper Ryde and Lower Ryde were merged in the 19th century; the influence of this era is visible in the town's central and seafront architecture. As a resort Ryde is noted for its expansive sands revealed at low tide, making the listed pier necessary on the wide beach for a regular passenger ferry service; the pier is the fourth longest in the United Kingdom, as well as the oldest. In 1782 numerous bodies of men and children from HMS Royal George, which sank at Spithead, were washed ashore at Ryde. Many were buried on land, now occupied by the Esplanade. A memorial to them was erected in June 2004; the hovercraft to Southsea is operated by Hovertravel near the Esplanade close to Ryde Esplanade railway station and the bus station. A catamaran service run by Wightlink operates from Ryde Pier to Portsmouth Harbour which connects with both Island Line trains and mainland trains to London Waterloo.
The Island Line Trains service runs from Ryde Pier Head via Ryde Esplanade to Shanklin, a distance of 8 1⁄2 miles. Ryde St John's Road railway station lies further south in the town. A major bus interchange is situated between Ryde Pier and the Hover Terminal on the Esplanade with frequent services to many island towns and villages. Ryde is the second busiest place in smaller only than Newport; the most frequent service is route 9 to Newport. Other main routes include services 2, 3, 4, 8 and local route 37. An open top bus tour called "The Downs Tour" is run in the summer; the town's large and long esplanade area has always been an attraction for tourists those day-tripping from the mainland, as the amenities are all available by walking from the pier. A swimming pool, bowls club, bowling alley, boating lake are among the attractions, there are various children's playgrounds, amusement arcades and cafés. Ryde has few large public open spaces beyond the esplanade, but areas for public recreation include Appley Park, Puckpool Park, Vernon Square, Simeon Street Recreation Ground, St John's Park, St Thomas' churchyard, Salter Road recreation ground, Oakfield Football Club.
At one time Ryde had two separate piers. Ryde has its own inshore rescue service which has to deal with people becoming stranded on sandbanks as the incoming tide cuts them off from the shore; the pier is a feature of the 67-mile Isle of Wight Coastal Path, marked with blue signs with a white seagull. Ryde has a small marina located to the east of Ryde Pier, it is tidal and dries out at low water hence it is more suitable for smaller sailing and motor cruisers. It has provision for up to 200 boats, either on floating pontoons or leaning against the harbour wall, it has a full-time harbourmaster who posts useful snippets of information on the noticeboard outside the harbour office including weather information, tide times, cruise liner movements and events that occurred on this day in history. The twin church spires visible from the sea belong to All Saints' and Holy Trinity churches. All Saints' Church is located in Queens Road on a road junction known as Five Ways, it was designed by George Gilbert Scott and completed in 1872.
The spire is 177 feet tall. Holy Trinity Church is in Dover Street, it was designed by Thomas Hellyer and completed in 1845. Holy Trinity Church closed in January 2014 and the building became the Aspire Ryde community centre; the town's Roman Catholic church, St. Mary's, is located in High Street, it was built in 1846 at a cost of £18,000. This was provided by Countess of Clare; the church was designed by Joseph Hansom inventor of the hansom cab. Other churches include All Angels, Swanmore. There are Baptist, United Reformed and Elim churches in the town. Ryde Castle, situated on the Esplanade, was built c. 1840 as a private house in crenellated style and is now a hotel. It was left damaged after a fire in 2012, reopened after major restoration in 2013. Beldornie Tower on Augusta Road was at one point a property of the Earl of Yarborough; the house dates back to early 17th century. The house was rebuilt c. 1840 in Gothic-Jacobean style with the addition of a west wing in 1880. Ryde School With Upper Chine is opposite All Saints' Church.
The chief building, Westmont, is Grade II Listed. Sited on the Esplanade are a pavilion; the Ice rink is no longer open to the public, leading to the Isle of Wight's ice-hockey team, the "Wightlink Raiders" disbanding. The pavilion houses nightclub; the town's local football team was for many years Ryde Sports F. C. now replaced by Ryde Saints F. C. & Ryde F. C. SUNDAY. Speedway is staged just south of the town at Smallbrook Stadium; the Isle of Wight Islanders started as members of the Conference League before moving up to the Premier League. Ryde has five carnivals in a typical year: the Mardi Gras in June; the Carnival at Ryde is the oldest in England. Ryde Carnival remains the island's largest carnival, with local crowds and mainland visitors totalling in excess of 50,000 spectators. Raymond Allen – TV screenwriter, attended Ryde Secondary Modern School. William Booth – the founder of the Salvation Army spent the first part of his honeymoon in Ryde. Sam Browne – the soldier after whom the belt was named, lived
Cowes is an English seaport town and civil parish on the Isle of Wight. Cowes is located on the west bank of the estuary of the River Medina, facing the smaller town of East Cowes on the east bank; the two towns are linked by a chain ferry. The population was 9,663 in the 2001 census; the population at the 2011 census was 10,405. Charles Godfrey Leland's 19th century verses describe the towns poetically as "The two great Cowes that in loud thunder roar/This on the eastern, that the western shore". Cowes has been seen as a home for international yacht racing since the founding of the Royal Yacht Squadron in 1815, it gives its name to the world's oldest regular regatta, Cowes Week, which occurs annually in the first week of August. Powerboat races are held. Much of the town's architecture is still influenced by the style of ornate building that Prince Albert popularised; the name Westcowe was attested in 1413 as the name of one of two sandbanks, on each side of the River Medina estuary, so-called after a supposed likeness to cows.
The name was subsequently transferred to fortifications built during the reign of Henry VIII on the east and west banks of the river to dispel a French invasion, referred to as cowforts or cowes. They subsequently gave their names to the towns of Cowes and East Cowes, replacing the earlier name of Shamblord; the town's name has been subject to dispute in the past, sometimes being called Cowes, West Cowes. For example, a milestone from the 17th century exists, calling the town Cowes, but up until the late 19th Century the Urban District Council bore the name West Cowes. In 1895 West Cowes Urban District Council applied for permission to change the name of the town to Cowes and this was granted on 21 August 1895. Whilst the name Cowes has become well established on infrastructure related to the town, the name West Cowes remained on Admiralty charts, used by sailors, until 2015, when it was corrected following a letter from a Cowes resident. Red Funnel, the Southampton-based ferry company that provides routes from Southampton to both Cowes and East Cowes, has continued to use the name West Cowes for the town in information and publicity and as the name for the town's terminal.
In earlier centuries the two settlements were much smaller and known as East and West Shamblord or Shamelhorde, the East being the more significant settlement. The Isle of Wight was a target of attempted French invasions, there were notable incursions. Henrician Castles were built in both settlements in the sixteenth century; the west fort in Cowes still survives to this day, albeit without the original Tudor towers, as Cowes Castle. The fort built in East Cowes is believed to have been similar but was abandoned c. 1546 and since destroyed. The seaport at Cowes, Isle of Wight was the first stop on English soil before crossing the Atlantic Ocean with many ships loaded with Germans and Swiss passengers leaving from Rotterdam going to the New World destination of the port City of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; these Germans and Swiss passengers where going to become British subjects in Colonial America, the English Captain's made a written record of the stop in Cowes, England. It is believed that the building of an 80-ton, 60-man vessel called Rat o' Wight on the banks of the river Medina in 1589 for the use of Queen Elizabeth I sowed the seed for Cowes to grow into a world-renowned centre of boat-building.
However, seafaring for recreation and sport remained the exception rather than the rule until much later. It was not until the reign of keen sailor George IV that the stage was set for the heyday of Cowes as'The Yachting Capital of the World.' In 1826 the Royal Yacht Squadron organised a three-day regatta for the first time and the next year the king signified his approval of the event by presenting a cup to mark the occasion. This became known as Cowes Regatta and it soon grew into a four-day event that always ended with a fireworks display; the opium clippers Nina and Wild Dayrell were built in Cowes. In Cowes the 18th-century house of Westbourne was home to a collector of customs whose son, born there in 1795, lived to become Dr Thomas Arnold, headmaster of Rugby School. Northwood House was the home of the Ward family, it was donated under trust to the town in the grounds becoming Northwood Park. William George Ward was a close friend of the poet Tennyson and in whose memory the poet wrote six lines.
Cowes and East Cowes became a single urban district in 1933. During an air raid of World War II on 4/5 May 1942, the local defences had been fortuitously augmented by the Polish destroyer Błyskawica, which put up such a determined defence that, in 2002, the crew's courage was honoured by a local commemoration lasting several days to mark the 60th anniversary of the event. In 2004 an area of Cowes was named Francki Place in honour of the ship's commander; the Friends of the ORP Błyskawica Society is active in Cowes. There is a Błyskawica Memorial. Industry in both Cowes and East Cowes has always centred on the building and design of marine craft and materials associated with boat-making, including the early flying boats, sail-making, it is the place. Major present-day employers include BAE Systems Integrated System Technologies, which occupies the site of the old Somerton Aerodrome at Newport Road, Cowes; the population of the town increases during Cowes Week, the busiest time of the year for local businesses.
The town was reported to be doing well despite the economic downturn. Cowes has a Non-League football club Cowes Sports F. C. wh
Brighstone is a village and civil parish on the Isle of Wight, 6 miles southwest of Newport on the B3399 road. Brighstone was known as "Brixton"; the name derives from the Saxon name "Ecgbert's Tun". Brighstone is the largest village in the area locally known as the Back of the Wight and extends toward Limerstone and Mottistone. In Roman times a villa was built to the north, to take advantage of the clean waters of the Buddle Brook. Brighstone history dates back to the 9th century when it was given to the Bishopric of Winchester by King Egbert. Brighstone parish was formed in 1644; the civil parish comprises the main village of Brighstone together with the smaller villages of Brook, Hulverstone and Mottistone. The entire parish lies within an area of the Isle of Wight AONB and its coastline is designated as Heritage Coast and Site of Special Scientific Interest. St. Mary's Church, Brighstone is a venerable old church that has stood for more than eight centuries; the village features Brighstone Shop and Museum, owned by the National Trust, displaying exhibitions on village life in the 19th century and contains a wealth of information about the Brighstone lifeboats.
Brighstone is popular with tourists for local shops. Several large events are hosted in the village each year, including the Brighstone Show, Art exhibitions and the Brighstone Christmas Tree Festival; the local scout hut functions as a Youth Hostel during the summer. The village pub is called The Three Bishops, named after three rectors of Brighstone parish who went on to become famous bishops; the first was the 17th-century Bishop Ken who wrote the famous hymns "Awake my soul and with the sun" and "Glory to Thee my God this night". Bishop Samuel Wilberforce became rector in 1830, used to entertain his father, anti-slavery campaigner William Wilberforce. Wilberforce Road is named after him, Brighstone's village hall is called the Wilberforce Hall; the third bishop, Doctor George Moberly, was headmaster of Winchester College before changing career to become rector of Brighstone in 1866. Another notable person who lived in the village in the 19th century was the clergyman and amateur palaeontologist William Fox, who discovered several species of dinosaur in Brighstone Bay.
The village is linked to other parts of the island by Southern Vectis bus route 12, serving Freshwater and Newport as well as intermediate villages. Brighstone Bay Brighstone Forest Brighstone Down Brighstone Christmas Tree Festival St. Mary's Church, Brighstone Brighstone Parish official website
Shanklin is a popular seaside resort and civil parish on the Isle of Wight, located on Sandown Bay. Shanklin is the southernmost of three settlements which occupy the bay, is close to Lake and Sandown; the sandy beach, its Old Village and a wooded ravine, Shanklin Chine, are its main attractions. The esplanade along the beach is occupied by hotels and restaurants for the most part, is one of the most tourist-oriented parts of the town; the other is the Old Village, at the top of Shanklin Chine. Together with Lake and Sandown to the north, Shanklin forms a built up area of 21,374 inhabitants; the main shopping centre consists of two roads, Regent Street and High Street, which together comprise the largest retail area in the south of the Isle of Wight. Near Regent Street are the Co-op and Lidl. In Regent Street itself are many local shops, including two arts and crafts shops, several clothing and sports shops, three newsagents and three bakeries; the High Street has some local shops, but is dominated by tourist shops and restaurants.
Shanklin railway station is the terminus of the Island Line from Ryde, opened on 23 August 1864. The railway was extended south to Ventnor in 1866, but this section was closed in 1966; the line from Ryde to Shanklin is now operated by former London Underground tube trains. In October 2004 a direct link was revived in the form of a bus service named the "Rail link"; this was replaced by the Southern Vectis number 3 bus. Bus services to nearby towns and suburbs are run by Southern Vectis on routes 2, 3, 22 and 24, principally from the bus stands at the Co-op supermarket. Destinations served include Newchurch, Ryde, Sandown and Winford. In the summer, an open top bus route called "The Sandown Bay Tour" is run, serving the main tourist areas of Shanklin and running to Sandown. Shanklin has one theatre, Shanklin Theatre, just off the top end of the High Street. In July and August 1819 the poet John Keats lodged at Eglantine Cottage in the resort's High Street, where he completed the first book of Lamia and began a drama, Otho the Great, with his friend Charles Armitage Brown.
In July 1868 the American poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow stayed at the Crab Inn in Shanklin's Old Village during his last visit to Europe and left a poem about it on a stone by the pub. It is not held to be amongst his best work.. The 1980s indiepop band Trixie's Big Red Motorbike were from Shanklin, recorded some of their records there. Victoria Cross recipient and Deputy Governor of the Isle of Wight, Colonel Henry Gore-Browne retired to Shanklin before his death in 1912. According to Joseph Jacobs's 1890 version of The Three Little Pigs, the version of the story on which all versions are based, the Three Pigs and the Wolf live near Shanklin. Shanklin is on the coast of Sandown Bay, therefore is part of the long beach which spans between Yaverland in the North to Luccombe in the South; the section of beach situated next to Shanklin is split into Small Hope Hope Beach. Above Hope Beach is the esplanade which boasts some traditional seaside attractions including an amusement arcade, a crazy golf course, a children's play area, with slides, ball pools, bouncy castles, swings etc. available to be hired for a child's birthday party.
There are several seafront hotels, a cliff lift from the seafront to the top of the cliff, a putting course, several cafes and restaurants and pubs, a large, clean beach. Shanklin used to have a pier, but this was destroyed in the Great Storm of 1987; the pier had a theatre at which many famous performers appeared, including Paul Robeson, Richard Tauber and Arthur Askey. The Summerland Amusement Arcade on the seafront was a seaplane hangar positioned at Bembridge where it housed Fairey Campania seaplanes of the Nizam of Hyderabad's Squadron. Large areas of the seafront were damaged or destroyed during the Bombing raids of World War II, but were rebuilt after the war, causing the current seafront to be a varied mixture of Victorian, inter-war and post-war architecture. Shanklin Sailing Club is situated at the North end of the Esplanade. Founded in 1931 as'Shanklin Amateur Sailing Club', the club has a fleet of Sprint 15 catamarans and holds races three days a week during the season. Further along the beach is the Fisherman's Cottage pub.
This is at the bottom of Shanklin Chine, from which the town takes its name "Chynklyng Chine" and in the Domesday Book of 1086 Sencliz from "Scen-hlinc". The Chine is open to the public for a small fee and continues up to Rylstone Gardens in the Old Village, it contains a small section of the pipe of the "Operation Pluto" pipeline which ran across the Isle of Wight and out from Shanklin and another branch from Sandown to supply fuel to the D-Day beaches. America Wood is a Site of Special Scientific Interest located between Whiteley Bank, it is owned by the Woodland Trust It takes a bit of stamina and determination to get into America Wood, on the outskirts of Shanklin, since it has little accessible parking. However, the more active Isle of Wight visitor can make use of public footpaths and bridleways that lead into the wood. There is an ‘open’ feel to the site with storm damage during the Great Storm of 1987 and the Burns' Day storm of 1990 felling trees and creating lots of open sections. There is one large glade, recovering from the storms.
The woods is situated just west of Ninham. Dunnose is a large cape, situated southwest of the town. An imposing and high ge
St Boniface Down
St Boniface Down is a chalk down on the Isle of Wight, England. It is located close to the town of Ventnor, in the southeast of the Island, rises to 241 metres, the Island's highest point, 1 kilometre north of the town. There is reputed to be a wishing well on its southern slope, which requires the wisher to climb up from the south without looking back. In 1545 a French invasion force attempted this against a force of the Isle of Wight Militia commanded by Sir John Fyssher- which included several women archers- and were routed. In 1940 the radar station was bombed by Ju 87 Stuka dive bombers, reconstructed in the film "The Battle of Britain"; the top is surmounted by a round barrow. At the eastern foot of the down, on the A3055 road between Bonchurch and Luccombe, a path descends into Bonchurch Landslips via a scenic rock cleft, the Devil's Chimney. St Boniface Down is home to the largest cricket within the British Isles, the great green bush cricket; the area includes some unusual plant communities including acid grassland and heathland, resulting in parts of the Down being designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest.
The gravel capping supports extensive tracts of gorse Ulex europaeus with intervening areas of heathland and acid grassland dominated by heather Calluna vulgaris, bell heather Erica cinerea, purple moor-grass Molinia caerulea, bristle bent Agrostis curtisii and locally bilberry Vaccinium myrtillus. The occurrence of heathland on deep gravel overlying chalk, the naturalised holm oak woodland and the juxtaposition of heath and chalkland vegetation are all unusual biological features in Britain. St Boniface Down is the name and was the inspiration of a 1956 work by the English composer, Trevor Duncan. 50.60346°N 1.19873°W / 50.60346.