The nave is the central part of a church, stretching from the main entrance or rear wall, to the transepts, or in a church without transepts, to the chancel. When a church contains side aisles, as in a basilica-type building, the strict definition of the term "nave" is restricted to the central aisle. In a broader, more colloquial sense, the nave includes all areas available for the lay worshippers, including the side-aisles and transepts. Either way, the nave is distinct from the area reserved for clergy; the nave extends from the entry—which may have a separate vestibule —to the chancel and may be flanked by lower side-aisles separated from the nave by an arcade. If the aisles are high and of a width comparable to the central nave, the structure is sometimes said to have three naves, it provides the central approach to the high altar. The term nave is from navis, the Latin word for ship, an early Christian symbol of the Church as a whole, with a possible connection to the "ship of St. Peter" or the Ark of Noah.
The term may have been suggested by the keel shape of the vaulting of a church. In many Scandinavian and Baltic countries a model ship is found hanging in the nave of a church, in some languages the same word means both'nave' and'ship', as for instance Danish skib, Swedish skepp or Spanish; the earliest churches were built when builders were familiar with the form of the Roman basilica, a public building for business transactions. It had a wide central area, with aisles separated by columns, with windows near the ceiling. Old St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is an early church, it was built in the 4th century on the orders of Roman emperor Constantine I, replaced in the 16th century. The nave, the main body of the building, is the section set apart for the laity, while the chancel is reserved for the clergy. In medieval churches the nave was separated from the chancel by the rood screen. Medieval naves were divided into the repetition of form giving an effect of great length. During the Renaissance, in place of dramatic effects there were more balanced proportions.
Longest nave in Denmark: Aarhus Cathedral, 93 m Longest nave in England: St Albans Cathedral, St Albans, 85 m Longest nave in Ireland: St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, 91 m, externally Longest nave in France: Bourges Cathedral, 91 m, including choir where a crossing would be if there were transepts Longest nave in Germany: Cologne cathedral, 58 m, including two bays between the towers Longest nave in Italy: St Peter's Basilica in Rome, 91 m, in four bays Longest nave in Spain: Seville, 60 m, in five bays Longest nave in the United States: Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, New York City, United States, 70 m Highest vaulted nave: Beauvais Cathedral, France, 48 m, but only one bay of the nave was built. Highest completed nave: Rome, St. Peter's, Italy, 46 m Abbey, with architectural discussion and groundplans Cathedral architecture Cathedral diagram List of highest church naves
The term Norman architecture is used to categorise styles of Romanesque architecture developed by the Normans in the various lands under their dominion or influence in the 11th and 12th centuries. In particular the term is traditionally used for English Romanesque architecture; the Normans introduced large numbers of castles and fortifications including Norman keeps, at the same time monasteries, abbeys and cathedrals, in a style characterised by the usual Romanesque rounded arches and massive proportions compared to other regional variations of the style. These Romanesque styles originated in Normandy and became widespread in north western Europe in England, which contributed considerable development and has the largest number of surviving examples. At about the same time a Norman dynasty ruled in Sicily, producing a distinctive variation incorporating Byzantine and Saracen influences, known as Norman architecture, or alternatively as Sicilian Romanesque. Ancient Rome's invention of the arch is the basis of all Norman architecture.
The term may have originated with eighteenth-century antiquarians, but its usage in a sequence of styles has been attributed to Thomas Rickman in his 1817 work An Attempt to Discriminate the Styles of English Architecture from the Conquest to the Reformation which used the labels "Norman, Early English and Perpendicular". The more inclusive term romanesque was used of the Romance languages in English by 1715, was applied to architecture of the eleventh and twelfth centuries from 1819. Although Edward the Confessor built Westminster Abbey in Romanesque style just before the Conquest, still believed to be the earliest major Romanesque building in England, no significant remaining Romanesque architecture in Britain can be shown to predate the Conquest, although historians believe that many surviving "Norman" elements in buildings, nearly all churches, may well in fact be Anglo-Saxon; the Norman arch is a defining point of Norman architecture. Grand archways are designed to evoke feelings of awe and are commonly seen as the entrance to large religious buildings such as cathedrals.
Viking invaders arrived at the mouth of the river Seine in 911, at a time when Franks were fighting on horseback and Frankish lords were building castles. Over the next century the population of the territory ceded to the Vikings, now called Normans, adopted these customs as well as Christianity and the langue d'oïl. Norman barons built timber castles on earthen mounds, beginning the development of motte-and-bailey castles, great stone churches in the Romanesque style of the Franks. By 950, they were building stone; the Normans were among the most travelled peoples of Europe, exposing them to a wide variety of cultural influences which became incorporated in their art and architecture. They elaborated on the early Christian basilica plan. Longitudinal with side aisles and an apse they began to add in towers, as at the Church of Saint-Étienne]] at Caen, in 1067; this would form a model for the larger English cathedrals some 20 years later. In England, Norman nobles and bishops had influence before the Norman Conquest of 1066, Norman influences affected late Anglo-Saxon architecture.
Edward the Confessor was brought up in Normandy and in 1042 brought masons to work on the first Romanesque building in England, Westminster Abbey. In 1051 he brought in Norman knights. Following the invasion, Normans constructed motte-and-bailey castles along with churches and more elaborate fortifications such as Norman stone keeps; the buildings show massive proportions in simple geometries using small bands of sculpture. Paying attention to the concentrated spaces of capitals and round doorways as well as the tympanum under an arch; the "Norman arch" is the rounded with mouldings carved or incised onto it for decoration. Chevron patterns termed "zig-zag mouldings", were a frequent signature of the Normans; the cruciform churches had deep chancels and a square crossing tower which has remained a feature of English ecclesiastical architecture. Hundreds of parish churches were built and the great English cathedrals were founded from 1083. After a fire damaged Canterbury Cathedral in 1174 Norman masons introduced the new Gothic architecture.
Around 1191 Wells Cathedral and Lincoln Cathedral brought in the English Gothic style, Norman became a modest style of provincial building. Oxford Castle 1074: church tower doubles as a place of refuge St John's Chapel, Tower of London Durham Cathedral was the first to employ a ribbed vault system with pointed arches Winchester Cathedral Ely Cathedral Peterborough Cathedral Kilpeck Church, Herefordshire St Nicholas Church, Surrey Southwell Minster St Mary the Virgin, Oxfordshire St Swithun's in Nately Scures, Hampshire, an example of a Norman single-cell apsidal church. Norwich Cathedral St Edward's Church St Botolph's Priory, Colchester St John's Abbey, Colchester St Peter’s Church, Rutland – Norman chancel Dunstable PrioryBibliography Sedding, Edmund H. Norman Architecture in Cornwall: a handbook to old ecclesiastical architecture. With over 160 plates. London: Ward & Co. White Tower Rochester Castle Norwich Castle Colchester Castle, the largest Norman castle built and the first stone Keep in England Hedingham Castle, Essex Jew's House, Lincoln Boothby Pagnell Manor, Lincolnshire Oakham Castle, Rutland Moyse's Hall Museum Bury St Edmunds Suffolk Scotland came under early
North Kesteven is a local government district in the East Midlands. Just over 100 miles north of London, it is east of south of Lincoln. North Kesteven is one of seven districts in Lincolnshire, England and is in the centre of the County, its council, North Kesteven District Council, is based in Sleaford in the former offices of Kesteven County Council. It was planned to have the council offices in Bracebridge Hall on Newark Road in Lincoln the base of North Kesteven Rural District. In November 1973, a decision was taken to base it in The Hoplands in Sleaford, the base of East Kesteven Rural District. In January 1974 it was realised that this building was far too small for the size needed, the 81 rooms of Kesteven County Council's headquarters on East Road in Sleaford would suit the new council instead; the Hoplands has now been demolished for housing. The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, it was a merger of the previous urban district of Sleaford, along with East Kesteven Rural District and North Kesteven Rural District, all from the administrative county of Kesteven.
North Kesteven borders West Lindsey and the city of Lincoln to the north, East Lindsey to the north-east, Boston to the east, South Holland to the south-east, South Kesteven to the south, the county of Nottinghamshire to the west. North Kesteven covers an area of 356 square miles, of which 94% is classified as green space, which includes agricultural land and open space; the district is characterised by large areas of arable farmland. More than 80 % of the population live in a market town. North Kesteven has a underdeveloped transport infrastructure; as a result, local communities have been self-reliant, with parish and town councils providing services, such as playing fields or play areas, which are provided by district councils elsewhere. The district has two main RAF stations - RAF Cranwell, RAF Waddington, both situated close to the A15, the main north/south road running through North Kesteven; the district is home to RAF Digby, which lies between Sleaford and Metheringham. The former RAF Swinderby, which can be found adjacent to the A46 near the western edge of the district, closed in 1995.
The predominantly rural nature of the district has encouraged people to move to the area to take advantage of its quality of life, low crime rates low house prices, good-quality education and local heritage. This is reflected in research, which has shown 90% of residents are satisfied with their local area as a place to live and 82% of residents feel their area is a place where people from different backgrounds can get on well together. North Kesteven's residents live in around 100 small communities. Major concentrations are in Sleaford, with a population of over 17,000. Within the district, 40% of the population live in the "Lincoln Fringe", the area surrounding Lincoln City. 72 parishes serve the district communities, comprising 58 parish councils, two town councils and 12 parish meetings. The population of the district is 104,800 equating to just over one person per hectare; the population grew by 11.5% between 2001 and 2007, making the district one of the top six fastest-growing districts in England and Wales.
This rate of growth is a result of high house-building rates and consequent in-migration to the district from elsewhere in England, as opposed to natural population change. The growth in population is projected to continue with an extra 14,000 homes expected from 2001 to 2026. At the 2001 census, there were 94,024 citizens in the district. Of all districts in Lincolnshire, it contains the highest proportion of married people and the least number of divorced people. According to the Indices of deprivation 2007, it is the least deprived area in Lincolnshire, with South Kesteven, the next; the district has comprehensive schools in North Hykeham and Welbourn. The area around Sleaford has selective schools. In 2007, the district had the third best results in the county at GCSE. Other schools in the area include Sleaford High School and Branston Community College; the district part funds The National Centre for Design, in the Hub building in Sleaford. Adjacent to it are annex buildings of Grantham College, funded by the East Midlands LSC.
On Thursday 23 June 2016 North Kesteven voted in only the third major UK-wide referendum on the issue of the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union in the 2016 EU Referendum under the provisions of the European Union Referendum Act 2015 where voters were asked to decide on the question “Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union or leave the European Union” by voting for either “Remain a member of the European Union” or “Leave the European Union”. The result produced a large "Leave" majority by over 60% of voters on a high turnout of 78%; the result was boasted by local MPs Stephen Phillips and Karl McCartney who both campaigned for a "Leave" vote. Volunteer Centre Services
North Lincolnshire is a unitary authority area in Lincolnshire, with a population of 167,446 at the 2011 census. There are three significant towns: Scunthorpe, the administrative centre and Barton-upon-Humber. North Lincolnshire was formed following the abolition of Humberside County Council in 1996, when four unitary authorities replaced it, North Lincolnshire and North East Lincolnshire, on the south bank of the river Humber, the East Riding of Yorkshire and Kingston upon Hull on the north bank, it is home to the Haxey Hood, a traditional event which takes place in Haxey on 6 January, a large football scrum where a leather tube is pushed to one of four pubs, where it remains until next year's game. In 2015, North Lincolnshire Council began discussions with the other nine authorities in the Greater Lincolnshire area as part of a devolution bid. If successful this would see greater powers over education, health and social care being devolved from central government; the 846 km2 council area lies on the south side of the Humber Estuary and consists of agricultural land, including land on either side of the River Trent.
It borders onto North East Lincolnshire, South Yorkshire and the East Riding of Yorkshire. The council's administrative base is at the Civic Centre in Scunthorpe. Before the creation of Humberside in 1974, it was part of Lincolnshire, becoming North Lincolnshire only in 1996, on the abolition of Humberside; until 1 April 1996, the area had been part of Humberside. The district was formed by a merger of the boroughs of Glanford and Scunthorpe, southern Boothferry. Alkborough, Amcotts, Ashby Barrow Haven, Barrow upon Humber, Barnetby-Le-Wold, Barton on Humber, Beltoft, Bottesford, Broughton, Burton upon Stather Cadney, Crowle, Croxton Dragonby Ealand, East Butterwick, East Halton, Elsham, Epworth Turbary Flixborough, Ferriby Sluice Gainsthorpe, Goxhill, Gunness Haxey, Horkstow, Howsham Keadby, Kirmington, Kirton in Lindsey Manton, Melton Ross, Mill Place New Holland, North Killingholme Owston Ferry Redbourne, Roxby Sandtoft, Saxby All Saints, Scawby with Sturton, South End, South Killingholme, South Ferriby Thornton Curtis Ulceby, Ulceby Skitter Walcot, West Butterwick, West Halton, Winteringham, Wootton, Wrawby, Wressle Yaddlethorpe The Labour Party took control of the council, with a majority of 1, from the Conservatives after the 2007 election where the Labour Party had 22 councillors elected.
The Conservative Party held 18 seats, the Liberal Democrats held 1 seat and the Independents held two seats. After the 2011 election, the Conservatives regained control of the council with 23 seats, the Labour Party falling to 20 seats; the area is represented in parliament by three MPs. At the 2010 election the Labour Party retained the Scunthorpe seat and the Conservative Party won the Brigg and Goole seat and the Cleethorpes seat which includes the Barton area. North Lincolnshire operates under a Leader form of governance; the cabinet has eight members from the largest political party elected to the cabinet by the council of 43. Cabinet members make decisions on their portfolio individually; this is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of North and North East Lincolnshire at current basic prices published by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling. 2004 onwards published in 2007 Eastern Airways has its head office in the Schiphol House on the grounds of Humberside Airport in Kirmington, North Lincolnshire.
Scunthorpe is the home of the Tata owned Appleby-Frodingham steel plant, one of the largest and most successful plants in Europe. Port operations, green energy, logistics and food processing are important elements of the areas employment profile
Humberside Police is the territorial police force responsible for policing an area covering the East Riding of Yorkshire, the city of Kingston upon Hull, North East Lincolnshire and North Lincolnshire. The current Chief Constable is Lee Freeman, the Assistant Chief Constable Lincolnshire from 2013 - 2015 before transferring to Humberside in May 2015. Following the sudden departure of Justine Curran, he took over as the Deputy Chief Constable in February 2017 before being appointed into the role as a Chief Constable In June 2017. Humberside Police was created in 1974 following a merger of previous forces under the Local Government Act 1972, along with the non-metropolitan county of Humberside, it was a successor to the Hull City Police, part of the areas of the York and North East Yorkshire Police, the old Lincolnshire Constabulary and the West Yorkshire Constabulary. Proposals made by the Home Secretary on 21 March 2006 would have seen the force merge with North Yorkshire Police, South Yorkshire Police and West Yorkshire Police to form a strategic police force for the entire region.
These proposals have since been'put on hold' by the government. Following the abolition of Humberside in 1996, the local council members of the Police Authority were appointed by a joint committee of the councils of the East Riding of Yorkshire, Kingston upon Hull, North Lincolnshire, North East Lincolnshire. On 21 November 2012 the Police Authority was made redundant by the introduction of the Police and Crime Commissioner; the Humberside Police Authority, at the time it ceased to exist, had 17 members in total. 1974–1976: Robert Walton 1976–1991: David Hall 1991–1999: D. Anthony Leonard 1999–2005: David Westwood 2005–2013: Timothy Stancliffe Hollis 2013–2017: Justine Curran 2017–: Lee Freeman From March 2013 to February 2017 the Chief Constable of Humberside Police was Justine Curran Chief Constable of Tayside Police in Scotland before the introduction of the national Police Scotland service on 1 April 2013, her appointment was unanimously approved by the Humberside Police and Crime panel after Humberside Police and Crime Commissioner, Matthew Grove, proposed her for the post.
Curran took over the position from Tim Hollis CBE QPM who retired from the service in March 2013. On 11 November 2015, it was revealed that Curran had claimed for more than £39,000 in expenses for her relocation from Tayside to Humberside in March 2013. After Keith Hunter was elected as Police and Crime Commissioner in May 2016, Curran was given six months to improve the force after it was rated inadequate by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary. Nine months after a further HMIC inspection which identified further "significant failings", Hunter asked Curran to consider her position, she announced her retirement, she left on 20 February 2017. In August 2017, it was revealed that Hunter had "lost confidence" in Curran and was "completely undermined" by her when it was decided to withhold the findings of an HMIC investigation which revealed further inadequacies within the force. Hunter sought legal advice, Curran was allowed to retire before the statutory procedure to remove a Chief Constable was started.
Lee Freeman, a former Assistant Chief Constable in Lincolnshire from August 2013 who had joined Humberside in May 2015, took over as Deputy Chief Constable on Curran's departure. He was appointed temporary Chief Constable in May 2017 and the position was made permanent on 26 June 2017. Humberside uses a wide variety of vehicles and unmarked. ProViDa is the standard in-car video unit used. All of the vehicles within the force have now changed to the recognisable Battenberg livery as opposed to the traditional livery. All vehicles within the force now use LED lightbar technology, as opposed to the older halogen rotating light bars; the LED lightbars are much clearer to see, provide a lot more illumination, along with front spots and rear reds. The main vehicles used are: • Peugeot Cars – A recent addition to the fleet in late 2016, multiple Peugeot 308 vehicles have been introduced across the force for general patrol and purposes replacing the aging Proton Impian, not being converted to run on LPG to save money.
• Vauxhall Cars – There are several Vauxhall Astra vehicles within the force which are used for general patrol and by IRT. All Vauxhall vehicles are marked with the Battenberg livery and have LED lights. There are several Vauxhall Vivaro vans which are used for patrol and prisoner transport; these are fully marked with the Battenberg livery and LED lights. Vauxhall vehicles are used for the dog section, however these are Vauxhall Zafira models; some community teams have a Vauxhall Corsa as a marked up patrol vehicle. • Proton Cars – These are used for general patrol and by IRT, these are nearly all phased out as of January 2018. The majority are Impians, with the Proton Persona phased out some years ago. Proton vehicles are being replaced across the force by Vauxhall and now Peugeot vehicles and much of the Proton fleet are now vehicles bought in 2010. All Proton vehicles have the Battenberg livery and LED lights. Humberside Police won the top award in the National Energy Efficiency Awards by running the vast majority of its fleet on Liquified Petroleum Gas.
Most Protons are dual fuel, running unleaded petrol. • Mercedes Benz Sprinter – These vans are used for Public Order and crowd situations as well as for transporting prisoners. The latest shape vans are now coming onto divisions to re
English Gothic architecture
English Gothic is an architectural style originating in France, before flourishing in England from about 1180 until about 1520. As with the Gothic architecture of other parts of Europe, English Gothic is defined by its pointed arches, vaulted roofs, large windows, spires; the Gothic style was introduced from France, where the various elements had first been used together within a single building at the choir of the Basilique Saint-Denis north of Paris, built by the Abbot Suger and dedicated on 11 June 1144. The earliest large-scale applications of Gothic architecture in England are at Canterbury Cathedral and Westminster Abbey. Many features of Gothic architecture had evolved from Romanesque architecture; this evolution can be seen most at the Norman Durham Cathedral, which has the earliest pointed ribbed high vault known. English Gothic was to develop along lines that sometimes paralleled and sometimes diverged from those of continental Europe. Historians traditionally divide English Gothic into a number of different periods, which may be further subdivided to define different styles.
Gothic architecture continued to flourish in England for a hundred years after the precepts of Renaissance architecture were formalised in Florence in the early 15th century. The Gothic style gave way to the Renaissance in the 16th and 17th centuries, but was revived in the late 18th century as an academic style and had great popularity as Gothic Revival architecture throughout the 19th century. Many of the largest and finest works of English architecture, notably the medieval cathedrals of England, are built in the Gothic style. So are castles, great houses and many smaller unpretentious secular buildings, including almshouses and trade halls. Another important group of Gothic buildings in England are the parish churches, like the medieval cathedrals, are of earlier, Norman foundation; the designation of styles in English Gothic architecture follow conventional labels given them by the antiquary Thomas Rickman, who coined the terms in his Attempt to Discriminate the Style of Architecture in England.
Historians sometimes refer to the styles as "periods", e.g. "Perpendicular period" in much the same way as an historical era may be referred to as the "Tudor period". The various styles are seen at their most developed in the cathedrals, abbey churches and collegiate buildings, it is, however, a distinctive characteristic of the cathedrals of England that all but one of them, Salisbury Cathedral, show great stylistic diversity and have building dates that range over 400 years. Early English Decorated Perpendicular The Early English Period of English Gothic lasted from the late 12th century until midway through the 13th century, according to most modern scholars, such as Nikolaus Pevsner. According to the originator of the term in 1817, Thomas Rickman, the period ran from 1189 to 1307. In the late 12th century, the Early English Gothic style superseded the Romanesque or Norman style. During the late 13th century, it developed into the Decorated Gothic style, which lasted until the mid-14th century.
With all of these early architectural styles, there is a gradual overlap between the periods. As fashions changed, new elements were used alongside older ones in large buildings such as churches and cathedrals, which were constructed over long periods of time, it is customary, therefore, to recognise a transitional phase between the Romanesque and Early English periods from the middle of the 12th century. Although known as Early English, this new Gothic style had originated in the area around Paris before spreading to England. There it was first known as "the French style", it was first used in the choir or "quire" of the abbey church of St Denis, dedicated in June 1144. Before that, some features had been included in Durham Cathedral, showing a combination of Romanesque and proto-Gothic styles. By 1175, with the completion of the Choir at Canterbury Cathedral by William of Sens, the style was established in England; the most significant and characteristic development of the Early English period was the pointed arch known as the lancet.
Pointed arches were used universally, not only in arches of wide span such as those of the nave arcade, but for doorways and lancet windows. Romanesque builders used round arches, although they had occasionally employed pointed ones, notably at Durham Cathedral, where they are used for structural purposes in the Nave aisles. Compared with the rounded Romanesque style, the pointed arch of the Early English Gothic looks more refined, it allows for much greater variation in proportions, whereas the strength of round arches depends on semicircular form. Through the use of the pointed arch, architects could design less massive walls and provide larger window openings that were grouped more together, so they could achieve a more open and graceful building; the high walls and vaulted stone roofs were supported by flying buttresses: half arches which transmit the outward thrust of the superstructure to supports or buttresses visible on the exterior of the building. The barrel vaults and groin vaults characteristic of Romanesque building were replaced by rib vaults, which made possible a wider range of proportions between height
South Kesteven is a local government district in Lincolnshire, forming part of the traditional Kesteven division of the county. It covers Grantham, Stamford and Market Deeping; the 2011 census reports 133,788 people at 1.4 per hectare in 57,344 households. The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, from the municipal boroughs of Grantham and Stamford, along with Bourne Urban District, South Kesteven Rural District, West Kesteven Rural District; the district was run by Kesteven County Council, based in Sleaford. In the discussions around 1972 that split off the north of Lindsey, to become South Humberside, there were radical plans to split off the south of Kesteven to make a county based on Peterborough. Neighbouring Rutland would have joined, but instead was consumed by Leicestershire. South Kesteven borders North Kesteven to the north, as far east as Horbling, where the A52 crosses the South Forty-Foot Drain. From there south it borders South Holland along the South Forty-Foot Drain, crossing the A151 just west of Guthram Gowt.
The border follows the River Glen near to Tongue End where at Baston, the boundary crosses north-south over Baston and Langtoft fens. It crosses the A16 at the B1525 junction meets the Welland about two miles west of Crowland at a point called Kennulph's Stone; the parish of Deeping St. James is the south-east corner of the district, where the district borders the unitary authority of City of Peterborough; the boundary follows the Welland to Stamford following the B1443 where it skirts the edge of Burghley Park. At the point where the railway crosses under the A1, is the corner of two other districts – Rutland and East Northamptonshire; the boundary with Rutland follows the east side of the A1. Since 1991, none of the A1 bypass is in South Kesteven; the boundary meets that of Great Casterton, follows the B1081 Ermine Street at Toll Bar. The boundary follows that of Rutland, crossing the East Coast Main Line at Braceborough and Wilsthorpe and again at Carlby. At Castle Bytham, the boundary follows the east side of the A1, crosses the A1 at South Witham, where a little further west is a corner with the district of Melton.
The boundary follows that of Leicestershire along the former Sewstern Lane, now the Viking Way where it crosses the eastern end of Saltby Airfield. The boundary deviates from the Viking Way at Woolsthorpe-by-Belvoir where it follows the River Devon, it crosses the railway at Sedgebrook. This area is part of the Vale of Belvoir; the boundary passes through the former RAF Bottesford, where just north it meets the district of Newark and Sherwood at Three Shire Oak. The boundary crosses the A1 at Shire Bridge, it follows Shire Dyke at Claypole, crossing the East Coast Main Line briefly follows the River Witham. The north-west corner of the district is on the River Witham at Claypole just south of Barnby in the Willows. Further east, a two-mile section of the A17 skirts the district, just east of Byards Leap. A corner of the district is where it meets the former route of Ermine Street, now the Viking Way; this is the point where it meets the corners of Cranwell and Byard's Leap, Temple Bruer with Temple High Grange in North Kesteven.
The boundary follows the Viking Way for three miles south, crossing the A17. It follows the B6403 to just north of Ancaster, it skirts Ancaster rejoins the B6403 south of Ancaster to a point just south of RAF Barkston Heath. It passes just east of Oasby, crosses the A52, passes east of Braceby and Sapperton and Pickworth north of Folkingham. North of Horbling it follows the A52 all the way to Donington High Bridge, it is interesting to add that, since 1965, the border with Northamptonshire is Britain's smallest border at only 10 metres. However, the boundary with Rutland was altered in April 1991. South Kesteven District Council is elected every four years, with 56 councillors being elected at each election. Since the first election in 1973 either the Conservatives have had a majority on the council, or it has been under no overall control. After controlling the council from 1979 to 1991, the Conservatives regained a majority at the 2003 election, which they have held since. After the 2015 election the council is composed of the following councillors:- On Thursday 23 June 2016 South Kesteven voted in only the third major UK-wide referendum on the issue of the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union in the 2016 EU Referendum under the provisions of the European Union Referendum Act 2015 where voters were asked to decide on the question "Should the United Kingdom remain a member of the European Union or leave the European Union?” by voting for either “Remain a member of the European Union" or "Leave the European Union".
The result saw a decisive vote to "Leave the European Union" by 60% of the electorate on a high turnout of 78%. The result went against the views of the local MP Nick Boles, in favour of a "Remain" vote; the result was declared at Meres Leisure Centre in Grantham early on Friday 24 June by the "Counting officer" Beverly Agass. Allington Ancaster Aslackby and Laughton Barholm and Stowe Barkston Barrowby Baston Belton and Manthorpe Billingborough Bitchfield and Bassingthorpe Boothby Pagnell Bourne Braceborough and Wilsthorpe Braceby and Sapperton Burton Coggles Careby Aunby and Holywell Carlby Carlton Scroop Castle Bytham Caythorpe Claypole Colsterworth Corby Glen Counthorpe and Creeton Deeping St James Denton Dowsby Dunsby Easton Edenham Fenton Folkingham Foston Fulbeck Great Gonerby Great Ponton Greatford Gunby and Stainby Haconby Harlaxton Heydour Honington Horbling Hough-on-the-Hill Hougham Ingoldsby Irnham Kirkby Underwood Langtoft Lenton, Keisby and