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Brindabella National Park

Brindabella National Park is an 18,454-hectare national park in New South Wales, located 267 kilometres southwest of Sydney central business district in the Brindabella Range. Much of the eastern boundary of the national park forms part of the western border of the Australian Capital Territory with New South Wales. On 7 November 2008, the park was registered on the Australian National Heritage List as one of eleven areas constituting the Australian Alps National Parks and Reserves. Protected areas of New South Wales Brindabella National Parks website McIntyres Campground Another website's data

Charles Howell III

Charles Gordon Howell III is an American professional golfer who plays on the PGA Tour. He has been featured in the top 15 of the Official World Golf Ranking and ranked 9th on the PGA Tour money list in 2002. Howell was born and raised in Augusta, the home town of the Masters Tournament, he was introduced to golf at age 7 by next-door neighbor, Graham Hill, with whom he is still friends. He was a member of Augusta Country Club, adjacent to Amen Corner at Augusta National Golf Club. Howell graduated from Westminster Schools of Augusta, soon after attended Oklahoma State University, where he majored in Business Management. In 2000, he was a member of Oklahoma State's winning team and the individual winner at the NCAA Division I Golf Championship with a record-setting 23-under-par performance. In 2000, he won the Haskins Award honoring the most outstanding collegiate golfer in the United States. Howell played in three professional events as an amateur. At the age of 17, Howell participated in his first PGA Tour event.

He missed the cut. The next year he missed the cut at the Canon Greater Hartford Open. Howell turned professional in 2000, he played in his first tournament as a professional at the Canon Greater Hartford Open on July 2. He finished tied in 32nd place. Howell finished in 3rd at the John Deere Classic in only his third event. Howell made 7 cuts, he earned $263,533 but did not have an official money list rank because he was not a full PGA Tour member.. He had his first career runner-up finishes on the Buy.com Tour at the Greensboro Open. Howell placed in the top-10 in two of his first four events of the 2001 season. In July at the Greater Milwaukee Open he lost to Shigeki Maruyama in a playoff. Howell placed in 4th at the Reno-Tahoe Open and he finished in a tie for 3rd at the Michelob Championship at Kingsmill. Howell entered 24 events in 2001 and he made 20 cuts. Howell recorded five top-10 finishes. Just like in 2000, Howell did not have an official money list rank because he was not a full PGA Tour member.

Due to his successful year, Howell won the PGA Tour Rookie of the Year award. In February Howell played in two European Tour events in Australia, he finished in a tie for 67th at the Heineken Classic and in a tie for 39th at the Greg Norman Holden International. Howell became a full PGA Tour member for the 2002 season, he had a strong start to the season by placing in the top-10 in three of his first five events. Howell won his first PGA Tour tournament at the Michelob Championship at Kingsmill in October. Four weeks he finished in second at The Tour Championship, he finished 2 strokes behind champion Vijay Singh. Howell made 27 cuts, he recorded seven top-10 finishes. Howell finished 9th on the money list. Early in the 2003 season, Howell lost in a playoff to Mike Weir at the Nissan Open. Howell recorded his best finish in a major at the PGA Championship in August, he finished tied for 10th place. Howell finished as the runner-up at The Tour Championship for the second year in a row; this time he finished 3 strokes behind Chad Campbell.

Two weeks Howell represented the United States in the Presidents Cup. The competition ended in a draw. Howell was paired with Tiger Woods for four-ball matches, his overall record at the competition was 3-2 including a match play victory over fellow young golfer Adam Scott. Howell defeated Scott by the score of 5&4. Howell entered 31 tournaments and made 29 cuts, he recorded six top-10s and earned $2,568,955. Howell finished in 14th on the money list. Howell's 2004 season did not go as well as previous ones, his best finished was a solo 2nd at the Booz Allen Classic in June. He finished 4 strokes behind Adam Scott. Howell shot a 61 in the 1st round. Howell entered 30 tournaments and made 22 cuts, he recorded five top-10 finishes. He finished 33rd on the money list. Howell started off 2005 strong with top three finishes in consecutive weeks, he finished in a tie for 3rd at the Sony Open in Hawaii and in a tie for second at the Buick Invitational. Howell was not able to pick up a victory in 2005 but he recorded six top-10 finishes including five top 5 finishes.

Howell entered 29 tournaments and made 21 cuts. He finished 29th on the money list. Howell did not have a successful season in 2006, his only success was a tie for second at the Zurich Classic of New Orleans and a solo second at the 84 Lumber Classic. Howell made 20 cuts, he recorded three top-10 finishes and only five top 25 finishes. He finished in 52nd on the money list. Howell bounced back from his disappointing 2006 season with a successful 2007 season, he recorded two runner-up finishes in his first three tournaments. He finished in a tie for 2nd at the Sony Open in Hawaii and in solo second at the Buick Invitational. On February 18, 2007 Howell won his second PGA Tour event, he won the Nissan Open by defeating Phil Mickelson in a playoff. The next week Howell made it to the round of 16 at the 2007 WGC-Accenture Match Play Championship. Two weeks he finished in a tie for 6th at the PODS Championship. Howell did not enjoy much success after that, his best finish after the PODS Championship in March was at the WGC-CA Championship where he finished in a tie for 16th place.

Howell entered the 2007 FedEx Cup Playoffs in 8th place in the points standings. He played in all 4 playoff tournaments, his best finish came at the BMW Championship. Howell went on to finish in 18th place in the final FedEx Cup points standings. Howell has earned

Charles Murray, Lord Murray

Rt Hon Charles David Murray, Lord Murray was a Scottish Tory politician and judge. He became Lord Advocate in 1922, he was born in London the son of a merchant. Murray was educated at Edinburgh Academy and studied aw at the University of Edinburgh, was admitted as an advocate in 1889 and appointed a King's Counsel in 1909, he was a Major in the Fourth Division of the Royal Engineers, resigning in 1907. He was on the War Office staff from 1915 to 1917, was appointed a temporary Lieutenant Colonel and Director of National Service for Scotland in 1917, he was appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1918. He became Sheriff of Renfrewshire and Buteshire in 1918, was awarded an LLD by the University of Edinburgh in 1919. Murray was an unsuccessful parliamentary candidate in Edinburgh South in 1910, but was elected for the seat in December 1918, holding it until October 1922, he was Dean of the Faculty of Advocates from 1919 to 1920, was appointed Solicitor General for Scotland in March 1920.

He was sworn of the Privy Council and promoted to Lord Advocate in March 1922, holding office until October of that year. He was raised to the bench with the judicial title Lord Murray, where he served until his death in 1936. In 1923 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, his proposers were Francis Gibson Baily, James Hartley Ashworth, Sir Francis Grant Ogilvy, Sir Edmund Taylor Whittaker and William A. P. Tait. In life he is listed as living at 62 Great King Street in Edinburgh's New Town, a large and impressive Georgian townhouse, he became a deputy lieutenant of Fife in 1922. He is buried in the central roundel in Warriston Cemetery. In 1896 he was married to Annie Florence Nicolson, together they had four sons, their eldest son, David Charles Graeme Murray, married the Comtesse Elena Maia Sollohub. Their second son, Crichton Gavin Murray died while a child, their third son, Keith Anderson Hope Murray, became Baron Murray of Newhaven, his youngest son, Charles Dean Leslie Murray was an advocate.

Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Charles Murray

Koyuk River

The Koyuk River is a river on the Seward Peninsula of western Alaska, in the United States. The river originates in the interior of the peninsula, at the Lost Jim Lava Flow of the Bering Land Bridge National Preserve, where it flows southeast towards the mouth of Norton Bay on Norton Sound; the native village of Koyuk is located at its mouth. The two major tributaries are the Salmon rivers, its Inuit named as Tebenkof Eskimos, reported by Captain Tebenkov, IRN, as Kvieguk. The Western Union Telegraph Expedition spelled the name Koikpak; the Seward map of 1867 gives Koipak, as Kayuk and Kuyuk. The Kanguksuk is known as the Left Fork of the Kviguk; the present spelling comes from 1900 United States Geological Survey. The Koyuk River, one of the largest in the Seward Peninsula, originates in a lake bounded on the north by the Bendeleben Mountains, in the upper reaches of the Bering Land Bridge National Preserve, in Northwest Alaska; the upper reach is reported as being made up of flat lava fields to the north of the mountains.

The 115-mile long river flows southeast for 90 miles south for another 25 miles. The river empties into Norton Bay, which it enters via a tidal estuary downstream of the river's confluence with the East Fork Koyuk River near the village of Koyuk; the last stretch of the river, is in a southeasterly direction as it joins the bay, flows through the tundra wetland area. The catchment in the middle and upper reaches has a horse-shoe shape, the hills surrounding the valley lie in an elevation range of 2,000 to 3,000 feet. In its initial reaches, the river has steep slopes with rapids in the upper most reaches having shallow depth of flows; the river widens as it flows down with more flow additions from tributaries which join it and the width of the river attains 820 feet, with a slow moving stretch of the river recording a 5-foot depth of water. On both banks of the river rock exposures derived. While the lava beds were noted in the upper region of the river and in the valley, geological formations in the valley were mapped by Walter Curran Mendenhall, the fifth director of the US Geological Survey.

He reported these formations as basalts of Late Pleistocene age. Gold and radioactive minerals were reported by the U. S. Bureau of Mines in 1973, as well as lode and placer claims, along a 10-mile wide stretch of the river. BasinThe river becomes a broad estuary subject to tidal effect extending for long stretch upstream forming a flat mud- and sand-filled basin; the basin area measure 2,000 square miles. The Bering Land Bridge National Preserve is in the uppermost part of the basin, its drainage includes southeastern Seward Peninsula through Norton Bay. A study of the archaeological remains at the Lyatayak site, south of Cape Denbigh and south of Koyuk, indicated that the area was inhabited 6000 to 8000 years ago; the recorded history of Koyuk is traced to Lieutenant L. A. Zagoskin of the Imperial Russian Navy during the 1840s. In 1865, William Wennis of the Western Union Telegraph expedition reported that the Koyuk was deserted on account of the smallpox epidemic wiping out the entire population of the village and that the village had been abandoned for 13 years.

The Yupik-speaking Unali Eskimos and the Melemute Eskimos resettled in Koyuk during the 1860s to take advantage of caribou herding. In 1879, a trading post for furs was established at the river's mouth by the Alaska Commercial Company. During the gold rush, there was intense activity in the region but hardly any gold was found though claims had been staked at many places within the Koyuk River valley. By 1900, the village had declined to the level of subsistence economy, depending on fishing and hunting caribou and moose and picking on berries. Under the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act the Koyuk River is categorized as "Freshwater Aquatic Herbaceous" and is one out of 25 nominated as the National Wild and Scenic Rivers; the river and the basin draining it is rich of wild life species, which consists of five fish species, 22 mammals species and 46 bird species. The flora of the river watershed, in their descending order of distribution are: closed needleleaf forest dominating the riparian zone.

The wet graminoid herbaceous habitat lies between higher ground. The mesic graminoid herbaceous forms the hilly tussock tundra; the dominant vegetation in the valley is of tundras, except in the basin area below Knowles Creek, where it consists of tree species of willows and birch. The river is well known for its fishing resources; the fish species reported are Chinook salmon, sockeye salmon, coho salmon, steelhead/rainbow trout, Dolly Varden trout, northern pike, Dolly Varden trout, Arctic char. Some of the important mammals reported in the river basin are moose, grizzly bear, black bear, wolves, red fox, beaver, an

Harawi (Messiaen)

Harawi is a song cycle for soprano and piano, written by Olivier Messiaen in 1945. Harawi is the first part of Messiaen's'Tristan Trilogy', preceding the Turangalîla-Symphony and the Cinq Rechants; the cycle takes its name from the'Harawi' or'Yaravi', a love song genre of Andean music which ends with the death of the two lovers, thus providing a vehicle from the composer's exploration of the theme of love-death central to the myth of Tristan and Isolde. These themes are explicitly stated in the work's subtitle: "Chant d'amour et de mort"; the ideas of love-death may have had a deeper personal significance to Messiaen, whose first wife, Claire Delbos had begun to suffer from mental illness in the years preceding Harawi's composition. Though the work bears no explicit dedication to Delbos, it is impossible to consider that her condition cannot have been at the forefront of the composer's mind while working on the cycle; the text of Harawi is Messiaen's own following Wagner's music dramas of and Debussy who set his own symbolist poetry in his four Proses Lyriques.

Messiaen's text is surrealist, comprises isolated symbols, raised to the ultimate symbolic ideal in that they are emancipated from grammatical on syntactical constructions, as demonstrated by the cycle's second movement'Bonjour toi, colombe verte': "Etoile enchaînée, Ombre partagée, Toi, de fleur, de fruit, de ciel, et d'eau, Chant des oiseaux" In addition to the French text, Harawi uses Quechua words, not for their semantic meaning, but for their sound, that is, their timbral qualities. For example, the fourth movement,'Doundou Tchil', uses these two words onomatopoeically to represent the ankle bells used by Peruvian-Indian dancers; the eighth,'Syllabes', uses repetitions of the word'pia' to simulate the cries of apes, descending from a Quechua legend in which these animals' cries rescued a prince from danger. A typical performance of Harawi lasts about 50 minutes. Conservatoire de Montreuil, October 2008Yvonne Loriod and Rachel Yakar, soprano: Erato, 2292-45505-2/IX ECD 75501, record. Studio 107 Radio-France, February 1988Carl-Axel Dominique and Dorothy Dorow, soprano: BIS, 7318590000861, record.

Nacka Aula, Sweden, 27-29 May 1977 Brund, Siglind. Messiaen's Explorations of Love and Death: Musical Signification in the Tristan Trilogy and Three related song cycles, Pendragon, 2008. ISBN 978-1-57647-136-4 - Google

Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi

Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi is a Syrian castle or qasr located 80 km south-west of Palmyra on the Damascus road. The castle is a twin palace of Qasr al-Hayr al-Sharqi, built by the Umayyad caliph Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik in 727 CE, it was built in the Byzantine architectural style. Qasr al-Hayr al-Gharbi is one of a number of desert castles in the Syrian/Jordanian region; the site consisted of a palace complex, a bath house, industrial buildings for the production of olive oil, an irrigated garden and another building which scholars suggest may have been a caravanserai. Over the entrance is an inscription which declares that the it was built by Hisham in the year 727, a claim, borne out by the architectural style, it was used as an eye of the king during the Umayyad era, to control the movement of the desert tribes and to act as a barrier against marauding tribes, as well as serving a hunting lodge. It is one of the most luxurious examples of a desert palace, it was utilized by the Ayyubids and the Mamelukes but was abandoned permanently after the Mongol invasions.

The castle is quadrangular in outline with 70-meter sides. The central doorway to the castle is attractive, has been moved to the National Museum of Damascus to be used as the entrance, its semi-cylindrical towers on the sides of the doorway and the geometric shapes mirrored a blend of Persian and Arab architecture. Little of the original castle remains; the gateway is preserved as a façade in the National Museum of Damascus. Desert castles Islamic art Islamic architecture List of castles in Syria Umayyad architecture Media related to Qasr al-Heir al-Gharbi at Wikimedia Commons Syria Gate