The Fort Elliott Consolidated Independent School District serves area students.
|This article about a location in Wheeler County, Texas is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
The Fort Elliott Consolidated Independent School District serves area students.
|This article about a location in Wheeler County, Texas is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
1. Unincorporated area – Occasionally, municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, and services become the responsibility of a higher administration. In some countries, such as in Brazil, Japan, France or the United Kingdom, unlike many other countries, Australia has only one level of local government immediately beneath state and territorial governments. A local government area often contains several towns and even entire cities, thus, aside from very sparsely populated areas and a few other special cases, almost all of Australia is part of an LGA. Unincorporated areas are often in locations, cover vast areas or have very small populations. Postal addresses in unincorporated areas, as in parts of Australia. Thus, there is any ambiguity regarding addresses in unincorporated areas. The Australian Capital Territory has no municipalities and is in some sense an unincorporated area, the territorial government is directly responsible for matters normally carried out by local government. The far west and north of New South Wales constitutes the Unincorporated Far West Region, a civil servant in the state capital manages such matters as are necessary. The second unincorporated area of state is Lord Howe Island. In the Northern Territory,1. 45% of the area and 4. In South Australia, 60% of the area is unincorporated and communities located within can receive services provided by a state agency. Firstly, the remote area that is unincorporated is the Abrolhos Islands. Secondly, the unincorporated areas are A-class reserves either in, or close to. In Canada, depending on the province, a settlement is one that does not have a municipal council that governs solely over the settlement. It is usually, but not always, part of a municipal government. This can range from hamlets to large urbanized areas that are similar in size to towns. In British Columbia, unincorporated settlements lie outside municipal boundaries entirely, Unincorporated settlements with a population of between 100 and 1,000 residents may have the status of designated place in Canadian census data. In some provinces, large tracts of undeveloped wilderness or rural country are unorganized areas that fall directly under the provincial jurisdiction
2. U.S. Route 83 – U. S. Route 83 is one of the longest north–south U. S. Highways in the United States, at 1,885 miles, only four other north–south routes are longer, U. S. Routes 1,41,59, and 87, the highways northern terminus is north of Westhope, North Dakota, at the Canada–United States border, where it continues as Manitoba Highway 83. Despite its length it has comparatively few concurrencies with any Interstate highways, in no place has it been decommissioned as a route. US-83 traverses the Oklahoma panhandle along the border of Beaver County. Approximately ten miles from the Texas line, US-83 intersects US-412 in the hamlet of Bryans Corner, continuing its journey northward, the highway crosses the Beaver River, then intersects US-64 in Turpin. US-83 North and US-64 East are co-signed for three miles, where US-64 turns eastward. At this intersection, US-270 West joins the highway, and together with US-83 proceeds northbound for the six miles to the Kansas line. US83 enters the Sunflower State in Seward County, approximately four miles south of Liberal, North of Liberal, US83 begins a multiplex with US160, and the highways remain joined until reaching Sublette, the seat of Haskell County. US83 and US160 split north of Sublette, with US160 heading west toward Ulysses, and US83 continuing north toward Garden City. At Garden City, US50 and US400 join US83 for a concurrency on a bypass around the east. All three routes cross K-156, also known as Kansas Avenue, in the northwest portion of the city. At the north end of the US 50-83 Business route, US83 splits and heads north toward Scott City, while US50, the highway passes through largely unpopulated areas of Finney County and Scott County before reaching a junction with K-96 in downtown Scott City. In northern Scott County, K-4 has its origins at US83, heading east toward Healy, and US83 traverses through rolling farmlands until reaching Oakley, the seat of Logan County. US83 reaches US40 less than a mile west of Interstate 70, North of I-70, US83 begins a concurrency with K-383, formerly US383. Passing to the east of Gem in Thomas County, US 83/K-383 takes a northeasterly track through Rexford. After passing through Selden, K-383 splits from US83 and continues northeast to US36, US83 returns to a northerly course at the Sheridan County–Decatur County line, and passes through Oberlin at US36. Oberlin is the last area of significant population the highway passes in Kansas, U. S.83 enters Nebraska south of McCook, where it meets U. S. Route 6 and U. S. Route 34
3. Texas – Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Other major cities include Austin, the second most populous state capital in the U. S. Texas is nicknamed the Lone Star State to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the states struggle for independence from Mexico. The Lone Star can be found on the Texan state flag, the origin of Texass name is from the word Tejas, which means friends in the Caddo language. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, although Texas is popularly associated with the U. S. southwestern deserts, less than 10 percent of Texas land area is desert. Most of the centers are located in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, the term six flags over Texas refers to several nations that have ruled over the territory. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas, Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the United States as the 28th state, the states annexation set off a chain of events that caused the Mexican–American War in 1846. A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U. S. in early 1861, after the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. One Texan industry that thrived after the Civil War was cattle, due to its long history as a center of the industry, Texas is associated with the image of the cowboy. The states economic fortunes changed in the early 20th century, when oil discoveries initiated a boom in the state. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy, as of 2010 it shares the top of the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with California at 57. With a growing base of industry, the leads in many industries, including agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace. Texas has led the nation in export revenue since 2002 and has the second-highest gross state product. The name Texas, based on the Caddo word tejas meaning friends or allies, was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves, during Spanish colonial rule, the area was officially known as the Nuevo Reino de Filipinas, La Provincia de Texas. Texas is the second largest U. S. state, behind Alaska, though 10 percent larger than France and almost twice as large as Germany or Japan, it ranks only 27th worldwide amongst country subdivisions by size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest behind Chile, Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America. Three of its borders are defined by rivers, the Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the south
4. United States – Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography, climate and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
5. Wheeler, Texas – Wheeler is a city and county seat of Wheeler County, Texas, United States, situated on the eastern edge of the Texas Panhandle. The population was 1,592 at the 2010 census, both the city of Wheeler and Wheeler County are named for Royall Tyler Wheeler, a chief justice of the Texas Supreme Court. Wheeler is located at 35°26′33″N 100°16′27″W, the city is three miles northwest of the center of the county and is 100 miles east of Amarillo and 12 miles west of the Texas-Oklahoma line. According to the United States Census Bureau, Wheeler has an area of 1.5 square miles. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Wheeler has a semi-arid climate, as of the census of 2000, there were 1,378 people,520 households, and 365 families residing in the city. The population density was 900.4 people per square mile, there were 612 housing units at an average density of 399.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 85. 05% White,1. 81% African American,0. 44% Native American,0. 15% Asian,10. 60% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 18. 07% of the population. 28. 3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18. 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.04. In the city, the population was out with 25. 0% under the age of 18,8. 4% from 18 to 24,21. 4% from 25 to 44,23. 4% from 45 to 64. The median age was 41 years, for every 100 females there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.7 males, the median income for a household in the city was $31,375, and the median income for a family was $36,667. Males had an income of $27,679 versus $16,723 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,224, about 6. 8% of families and 10. 2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12. 6% of those under age 18 and 10. 7% of those age 65 or over. Wheeler Public Schools are part of the Wheeler Independent School District, there is one elementary school, one junior high school and one high school in the district. Teacher of the Year, Shelly Malone Belcher is the Superintendent of Schools, alan Bean, the fourth man to walk on the moon, was born in Wheeler. A street in Wheeler is named in his honor, don Rives, a linebacker for Texas Tech and the Chicago Bears, was born in Wheeler
6. City – A city is a large and permanent human settlement. Cities generally have complex systems for sanitation, utilities, land usage, housing, a big city or metropolis usually has associated suburbs and exurbs. Such cities are associated with metropolitan areas and urban areas. Once a city expands far enough to another city, this region can be deemed a conurbation or megalopolis. Damascus is arguably the oldest city in the world, in terms of population, the largest city proper is Shanghai, while the fastest-growing is Dubai. There is not enough evidence to assert what conditions gave rise to the first cities, some theorists have speculated on what they consider suitable pre-conditions and basic mechanisms that might have been important driving forces. The conventional view holds that cities first formed after the Neolithic revolution, the Neolithic revolution brought agriculture, which made denser human populations possible, thereby supporting city development. The advent of farming encouraged hunter-gatherers to abandon nomadic lifestyles and to settle near others who lived by agricultural production, the increased population density encouraged by farming and the increased output of food per unit of land created conditions that seem more suitable for city-like activities. In his book, Cities and Economic Development, Paul Bairoch takes up position in his argument that agricultural activity appears necessary before true cities can form. According to Vere Gordon Childe, for a settlement to qualify as a city, it must have enough surplus of raw materials to support trade and a relatively large population. To illustrate this point, Bairoch offers an example, Western Europe during the pre-Neolithic, when the cost of transport is taken into account, the figure rises to 200,000 square kilometres. Bairoch noted that this is roughly the size of Great Britain, the urban theorist Jane Jacobs suggests that city formation preceded the birth of agriculture, but this view is not widely accepted. In his book City Economics, Brendan OFlaherty asserts Cities could persist—as they have for thousands of years—only if their advantages offset the disadvantages, OFlaherty illustrates two similar attracting advantages known as increasing returns to scale and economies of scale, which are concepts usually associated with businesses. Their applications are seen in more basic economic systems as well, increasing returns to scale occurs when doubling all inputs more than doubles the output an activity has economies of scale if doubling output less than doubles cost. To offer an example of these concepts, OFlaherty makes use of one of the oldest reasons why cities were built, in this example, the inputs are anything that would be used for protection and the output is the area protected and everything of value contained in it. OFlaherty then asks that we suppose the protected area is square, the advantage is expressed as, O = s 2, where O is the output and s stands for the length of a side. This equation shows that output is proportional to the square of the length of a side, the inputs depend on the length of the perimeter, I =4 s, where I stands for the quantity of inputs. So there are increasing returns to scale, O = I2 /16 and this equation shows that with twice the inputs, you produce quadruple the output
7. Shamrock, Texas – Shamrock is a city in Wheeler County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 1,910. The city is located in the portion of the Texas Panhandle centered along the crossroads of Interstate 40. It is 110 miles east of Amarillo,188 miles west of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, located in south central Wheeler County, Shamrock was the largest town in the county in the late 19th century. George and Dora Nickel consented to keep the first post office in their dugout there in 1890, the mail was to be carried once a week from Mobeetie. The neighbors decided to let George name the office and his Irish mother had told him always to depend on a shamrock to bring him good luck, so he suggested Shamrock for the name of the office. But when a fire destroyed his dugout, George Nickels post office never opened. Mary Ruth Jones became Shamrocks first postmistress, running the Shamrock post office out of the Jones family home, by 1907, the town was competing with the towns of Story and Benonine as trade centers. In 1911, E. L. Woodley became the mayor of the incorporated city. In 1926, the discovery of oil and the operation of gas wells by Shamrock Gas Company helped spur the citys continuing growth. A decline in the oil caused the population to drop in the 1940s. By the 1980s, the town was home to a modern school system, a chemical plant, oil and gas processing plants. At its peak, in 1930, Shamrock had a population of 3,778, despite some rebounds, the city population continues to fluctuate. According to the 2000 census, the city population has dropped to its lowest recorded point with 2,029 residents, Shamrock holds an annual St. Patricks Day observance. Astronaut Alan Bean, a native of nearby Wheeler, visited the community on March 13 as the kickoff for the 2015 ceremony and he became the fourth man to walk on the moon, a feat that he once described as almost like I couldnt believe it myself. Shamrock is located at 35°13′2″N 100°14′50″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.1 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,029 people,852 households, the population density was 979.7 people per square mile. There were 1,072 housing units at a density of 517.6 per square mile
8. Wheeler County, Texas – Wheeler County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 5,410, the county was formed in 1876 and organized in 1879. It is named for Royall Tyler Wheeler, a justice of the Texas Supreme Court. Wheeler County was one of thirty prohibition or entirely dry counties in the state of Texas, however, in approximately 2010, the community of Shamrock, located in Wheeler County at the intersection of Interstate 40 and U. S. Highway 83, voted to allow liquor sales. Within the city limits of Shamrock is the place to purchase liquor in Wheeler County. In 1876, the Texas State Legislature established Wheeler County, in 1879, Mobeetie was named the county seat. Mobeetie was then known as Sweetwater, but this name should not be confused with the Sweetwater, a stone courthouse was erected from locally quarried materials in 1880 but was replaced by a wooden structure in 1888. The town of Wheeler was designated as the county seat in 1908, the wooden courthouse was moved to the current site but was replaced by the existing structure as a result of a 1925 bond election. The previous building was sold to a sheriff, Riley Price, the structure was designed by E. H. Eads of Shamrock and built by local contractors Hughes and Campbell. It features Palladian windows and Corinthian columns, characteristic of the Greek revival style of architecture. In the 1880s, Temple Lea Houston, the youngest son of Sam Houston, was the attorney of the 35th Judicial District of Texas. The district was based at the time in the courthouse at Mobeetie in Wheeler County, Houston was also a member of the Texas State Senate from 1885 to 1889 and later moved to Oklahoma, where he worked for statehood. An NBC television series, Temple Houston, which aired from 1963 to 1964, is based on his life. The Pioneer West Museum, the Wheeler County historical museum, is located in Shamrock off U. S. Highway 83. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 915 square miles. Interstate 40 U. S. Highway 83 State Highway 152 U. S. Highway 66 is no longer officially commissioned or signed, the population density was 6 people per square mile. There were 2,687 housing units at a density of 3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 87. 83% White,2. 78% Black or African American,0. 78% Native American,0. 55% Asian,0. 08% Pacific Islander,6. 64% from other races, and 1. 34% from two or more races
9. County seat – A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in the United States, Canada, Romania, China, in the United Kingdom and Ireland, county towns have a similar function. In the United States, counties are the subdivisions of a state. Depending on the state, counties may provide services to the public, impose taxes. Some types of subdivisions, such as townships, may be incorporated or unincorporated. The city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county, a county seat is usually, but not always, an incorporated municipality. The exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia, likewise, some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, in some of the colonial states, county seats include or formerly included Court House as part of their name. Most counties have only one county seat, an example is Harrison County, Mississippi, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats. The practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days when travel was difficult, there have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states, Coffee County, for example, the official county seat is Greensboro, but an additional courthouse has been located in nearby High Point since 1938. For example, Clearwater is the county seat of Pinellas County, Florida, in New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government. Historically, counties in this region have served mainly as dividing lines for the judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of government and thus no county seats, in Vermont, Massachusetts, and Maine the county seats are legally designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the shire town. Bennington County has two towns, but the Sheriff is located in Bennington. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town governments. As such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county
10. Mobeetie, Texas – Mobeetie is a city in northwestern Wheeler County, Texas, United States, located on Sweetwater Creek and State Highway 152. The population was 101 at the 2010 census, six below the 2000 figure, Mobeetie was a trading post for hunters and trappers for nearby United States Army outpost Fort Elliott. It was first a buffalo hunters camp unofficially called Hidetown, connected to the major cattle-drive town of Dodge City, Kansas by the Jones-Plummer Trail, Mobeetie was a destination for stagecoach freight and buffalo skinners. As it grew, the supported the development of cattle ranches within a hundred-mile radius by supplying the staple crops.1 The first formal name for the town was Sweetwater. It was located on the North Fork of the Red River, nearby Fort Elliott, developed to protect the buffalo trade from Indian raiders, stimulated further growth of the town. On January 24,1876 occurred the Sweetwater Shootout, anthony Cook shot and killed Mollie Brennan. King then wounded Bat Masterson, who in turn killed him, Texas cattleman Charles Goodnight said about the town, I think it was the hardest place I ever saw on the frontier except Cheyenne, Wyoming. When the town applied for a post office in 1879, the name Sweetwater was already in use, the town took the new name of Mobeetie, believed to be a Native American word for Sweetwater. Mobeetie became the first county seat for Wheeler County, one day, Allison rode through Mobeetie drunk and naked. Allison married America Medora Dora McCulloch in Mobeetie on February 15,1881 and it was never a large town as early plains towns went, but it was a busy and a thriving center. When Timothy Dwight Hobart arrived at Mobeetie in 1886, the town was in the heyday of its existence, Mobeetie had all the elements of people that it took to make a typical frontier village. It had its buffalo hunters and its bull whackers, its soldiers and its scouts, its indolents and its prostitutes, its substantial businessmen, one of the most stabilizing influences among the citizenry of Mobeetie was its soldiers. The presence of several hundred soldiers at the fort increased the profits of the merchants, the keepers, the dance halls. In the 1880s, Temple Lea Houston, the youngest son of Sam Houston, was the attorney of the 35th Judicial District of Texas. The district was based at the time in the courthouse at Mobeetie, Houston was also a member of the Texas State Senate from 1885 to 1889 and later moved to Oklahoma, where he worked for statehood. An NBC television series, Temple Houston, which aired from 1963 to 1964, is based on his life. At its peak in 1890, the town had four hundred people. Further decline came with the tornado of May 1,1898, in 1929, Wheeler moved two miles when the Panhandle and Santa Fe Railway built nearby tracks