The British National Party is a far-right political party in the United Kingdom. It is headquartered in Wigton, Cumbria, and its current leader is Adam Walker and it currently has one councillor in UK local government. During its heyday in the 2000s, it had over fifty seats in local government, the BNP was formed in 1982 by John Tyndall and other former members of the National Front. By Tyndalls admission, it remained ideologically identical to the NF, during its first two decades, the BNP placed little emphasis on contesting elections, in which it did poorly, but rather focused on street marches and rallies. A growing moderniser faction was frustrated by Tyndalls leadership and in 1999 ousted him and this resulted in increased electoral growth throughout the 2000s, to the extent that it became the most electorally successful far-right party in British history. Concerns regarding financial mismanagement resulted in Griffin being ousted in 2014, by point the BNPs membership. Ideologically positioned on the far-right of British politics, the BNP has been characterised as fascist or neo-fascist by political scientists, under Tyndalls leadership, it was more specifically regarded as Neo-Nazi. The party is ethnic nationalist, and espouses the view that only white people should be citizens of the United Kingdom and it calls for an end to non-white migration into the UK and the removal of settled non-white populations from the country. Initially, it called for the expulsion of non-whites, although has since advocated voluntary removals with financial incentives. It promotes biological racism, calling for racial separatism and condemning mixed race relationships. Under Tyndall, the BNP emphasised anti-semitism and Holocaust denial, although Griffin switched the focus on to Islamophobia. It promotes economic protectionism, Euroscepticism, and an away from liberal democracy, while its social policies oppose feminism, LGBT rights. The BNP has a centralised structure that gives its chairman near total control. It established a range of sub-groups—such as a wing, record label. More widely, it was unpopular and faced much opposition from anti-fascists, religious organisations. BNP members were banned from a number of professions and polling suggested that a majority of Britons favoured the partys criminalisation, the British National Party was founded by the extreme-right political activist John Tyndall. Tyndall had been involved in Neo-Nazi groups since the late 1950s before leading the far-right National Front throughout most of the 1970s, following an argument with senior party member Martin Webster, he resigned from the NF in 1980. In June 1980 Tyndall established a rival, the New National Front, at the recommendation of Ray Hill—who was secretly an anti-fascist spy seeking to sow disharmony among Britains far-right—Tyndall decided to unite an array of extreme-right groups as a single party
A National Front march from the 1970s, the movement from which the BNP emerged by 1982.
Nick Griffin at a BNP press conference in Manchester in 2009