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British Transport Commission

The British Transport Commission was created by Clement Attlee's post-war Labour government as a part of its nationalisation programme, to oversee railways and road freight transport in Great Britain. Its general duty under the Transport Act 1947 was to provide an efficient, adequate and properly integrated system of public inland transport and port facilities within Great Britain for passengers and goods, excluding transport by air; the BTC came into operation on 1 January 1948. Its first chairman was Lord Hurcomb, with Miles Beevor as Chief Secretary, its main holdings were the networks and assets of the Big Four national regional railway companies: the Great Western Railway and North Eastern Railway, London and Scottish Railway and the Southern Railway. It took over 55 other railway undertakings, 19 canal undertakings and 246 road haulage firms, as well as the work of the London Passenger Transport Board, publicly owned; the nationalisation package included the fleets of'private owner wagons', which industrial concerns had used to transport goods on the railway networks.

The BTC was one of the largest industrial organisations in the world, at one time employing nearly 688,000 people. At first, the Commission did not directly operate transport services, which were the responsibility of the Commission's Executives; these bodies were separately appointed, operated under what were termed'schemes of delegation'. The Act provided for five Executives, covering Docks & Inland Waterways, London Transport and Road Transport; the Railway Executive traded as "British Railways". In 1949, Road Transport was divided into separate Road Haulage and Road Passenger Executives, though the latter proved short-lived; the Commission's extensive activities included: British Transport Advertising sold space on premises and vehicles. Buses: the Tilling Group sold its bus interests to the BTC in September 1948, as did the Red and White Group in 1950. Midland General buses and trolleybuses were transferred by the British Electricity Authority. From the railway companies, the BTC inherited non-controlling interests in many bus companies in the British Electric Traction Group.

It manufactured buses for its own use, through the subsidiaries Bristol Tramways and Eastern Coach Works. In London and the surrounding area, the BTC ran both the London buses and the country buses, including Green Line Coaches. Docks: British Transport Docks, comprising 32 ports taken over from the railway companies. Films: the BTC had its own film production company, British Transport Films. Hotels & Catering: the former railway hotels and catering departments came under the control of the Railway Executive, but on 1 July 1948 they were transferred to the Hotels Executive. Between 1953 and 1963, they operated as British Transport Catering Services. Museums: The BTC inherited the LNER's Railway Museum at York and appointed a Curator of Historical Relics to build up a national collection. Much of this collection was displayed at the Museum of British Transport at Clapham, south London; this closed in the early 1970s and was superseded by the National Railway Museum at York and the London Transport Museum.

The BTC established the Stoke Bruerne Canal Museum. Police: the British Transport Commission Police – see British Transport Police for details and dates – was formed chiefly by the amalgamation of the various railway constabularies. Railways: British Railways, including ancillary activities like engineering workshops, London Underground; the former LMS lines in Northern Ireland were sold to the Ulster Transport Authority in 1949. Road Haulage: the local road distribution networks of the pre-nationalisation rail companies, plus the removals company Pickfords, which the railways had owned jointly. To these were added numerous smaller independent concerns taken over at nationalisation, comprising all undertakings predominantly engaged in ordinary long-distance work for distances of 40 miles or upwards; these networks were re-organised as British Road Services. Shipping: the former railway steamer services to France and Ireland and around the Scottish coast, investments in Associated Humber Lines and the Atlantic Steam Navigation Company.

Tramways: the South London tramways of London Transport, all of which were abandoned by 5 July 1952. Travel & Holidays: the travel agents Thomas Cook & Son. Waterways: canals and navigable rivers taken over from canal companies, like the Grand Union Canal Carrying Company and Fellows Morton and Clayton, but including those bought out earlier by the pre-nationalisation railways; the Caledonian Canal was state-owned. The canals are today run by the River Trust and Scottish Canals; as well as the canal infrastructure, BTC managed canal carrying services. The Commission was permitted to "secure the provision" of road passenger services, although it did not have the general powers of compulsory purchase of bus operators. To obtain specific powers of acquisition it had first to draw up, get approval for, a'Road Scheme', area by area. Only one was published, the North East Area Road Scheme, though work began on a second scheme, covering East Anglia; the NEARS was never confirmed. The quasi-federal structure of Commission and Executives proved to be an obstacle to integration and was abolished by the Conservative government with effect from 1 October 1953 (the

Tom Foley (infielder)

Thomas Michael Foley, is an American former professional baseball infielder and coach, who played in Major League Baseball for the Cincinnati Reds, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos, Pittsburgh Pirates, from 1983 to 1994. After retiring as a player, Foley served as an on-field coach for the Tampa Bay Rays, from 2002 through 2017, when he moved into the team's front office. Foley was born in Georgia, his father was in the U. S. Army so he moved a lot in his childhood; when he was growing up he lived in France and Japan for four years. Foley graduated from Miami Palmetto High School, where he played both football and baseball. After high school, Foley played baseball at Dade South Community College until the Cincinnati Reds drafted him in the 7th round of the 1977 amateur draft. At age 23, Foley made his major league debut on April 9, 1983. In his first start 8 days he had a walk and a 2-run double in the first inning before taking the field. During the 1985 season, he was traded to the Philadelphia Phillies along with Alan Knicely and a player to be named for Bo Diaz and Greg Simpson.

Projected as the Phillies' starting shortstop in 1986, he was hit by a pitch in spring training and wound up playing sparingly behind the incumbent, Steve Jeltz. On July 24, 1986, Foley was traded to the Montreal Expos along with Lary Sorensen for Skeeter Barnes and Dan Schatzeder; as an Expo, Foley played as a utility infielder over the next three seasons, attaining personal bests in games played, batting average, slugging percentage, runs scored, home runs, RBI. While his playing time diminished over his remaining time in Montreal, his utility role expanded as he played all four infield positions during each of the 1990-1992 seasons. Prior to the 1993 season Foley signed as a free agent with the Pittsburgh Pirates, where he continued to serve as a part-time player/utility infielder for two seasons, he returned to Montreal for the 1995 season, but played sparingly and retired after being released on July 26, 1995. All of Foley's 13 seasons were played in the National League, he was never part of a team that reached the postseason.

A natural left-hander, he fielded/threw right-handed because as a youngster he first played baseball with his father's right-hander's glove. Foley credited his versatility afield for his longevity. "I wasn't a great player, but I was an average major league player who did the little things. I did what I was supposed to do, they say there are glove guys, I was a glove guy. I could catch the ball and throw the ball, I tried to mix in as many hits as I could." Fielding metrics back that up—over his career, Foley compiled above league-average range factors at both second and third base, average range factors at shortstop. When asked what stood out to him about his 13 seasons in the majors, he responded, "Probably just making it to the major leagues." After his retirement as a player, Foley was hired in 1996 by the expansion Tampa Bay Rays as a minor league field coordinator. Following the team's initial June amateur draft, he oversaw the first mini camp in club history. During the summer of 1996, Foley managed the Rays' Rookie level team in Butte, Montana.

He was named the Pioneer League's Manager of the Year. After four years as field coordinator, Foley became the Rays' director of minor league operations in 2000, he managed an Arizona Fall League team, the Maryvale Saguaros, in 2001. Foley was hired by the Tampa Bay Rays to be their third base coach on October 25, 2001, served in that role through the 2014 season, working under Hal McRae, Lou Piniella and Joe Maddon. During his 13 years as the third base coach, he waved home 9,418 runs, or 77% of the 12,215 runs scored in club history to that point. On December 19, 2014, the Rays announced that Foley would move into the dugout to serve as new manager Kevin Cash's bench coach. On October 2, 2017, the Rays announced Foley left the bench coach role in a mutual agreement and would be taking another role with the team, he is the longest-tenured coach in Rays history. Foley is American of Japanese descent, he married Marta Wright on August 28, 1981, they have three children together, Bryan and Brooke.

Brett works within the Rays organization with his father. He is an area supervisor scout covering Iowa, Illinois and Wisconsin. Baseball portal Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet Tampa Bay Rays Official bio

Approximate limit

In mathematics, the approximate limit is a generalization of the ordinary limit for real-valued functions of several real variables. A function f on R k has an approximate limit y at a point x if there exists a set F that has density 1 at the point such that if xn is a sequence in F that converges towards x f converges towards y; the approximate limit of a function, if it exists, is unique. If f has an ordinary limit at x it has an approximate limit with the same value. We denote the approximate limit of f at x0 by lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ f. Many of the properties of the ordinary limit are true for the approximate limit. In particular, if a is a scalar and f and g are functions, the following equations are true if values on the right-hand side are well-defined lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ a ⋅ f = a ⋅ lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ f lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ = lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ f + lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ g lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ = lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ f − lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ g lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ = lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ f ⋅ lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ g lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ = lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ f / lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ g If lim x → x 0 ap ⁡ f

Santiago Astata

Santiago Astata is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico. It is part of the Tehuantepec District in the west of the Istmo Region; the name "Astata" means "place of herons". The municipality covers an area of 446.54 km² at an elevation of 30 metres above sea level. The climate is warm. Flora includes deciduous trees and shrubs such as passion fruit and mesquite. Wild fauna consist of deer, rabbit and wild boar; as of 2005, the municipality had a total population of 3,642 of whom 273 spoke an indigenous language. A few people speak the lowland version of Oaxacan Chontal, a language, in danger of extinction. Economic activities include agriculture, animal husbandry, harvesting the ocean for fish and shellfish for the Salina Cruz market, limestone quarrying and logging

1100 in Italy

Events during the year 1100 in Italy. Distillation of liquor is estimated to have been invented in Italy around the year 1100. Antipope Clement III William IV, Marquess of Montferrat Enrico Dandolo John of Meda Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Pope St. Gregory VII". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Henry IV". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Matilda of Canossa". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Conflict of Investitures". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Coulombe, Charles A. Vicars of Christ: A History of the Popes, (Kensington Publishing Corp. Caravale, Mario. Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani: LX Grosso – Guglielmo da Forlì. Rome, 2003. Marchesi di Monferrato: Guglielmo IV. Carraro, Silvia. "Tra sacro e quotidiano. Il monachesimo femminile nella laguna di Venezia in epoca medievale". Retrieved 2013-11-24. Dale, Thomas E. A.. Relics and Politics in Medieval Venetia: Romanesque Painting in the Crypt of Aquileia Cathedral.

Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-01175-2. Retrieved 2013-11-28. Jackson, Sir Thomas Graham. Dalmatia, the Quarnero and Istria, with Cettigne in Montenegro and the island of Grado. Clarendon press. P. 386. Retrieved 2013-11-28. Madden, Thomas F.. Enrico Dandolo and the Rise of Venice. JHU Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-9184-7. Retrieved 2013-11-23. Madden, Thomas F.. Venice: A New History. Penguin Group US. ISBN 978-1-101-60113-6. Retrieved 2013-11-28. Muir, Edward. Civic Ritual in Renaissance Venice. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-10200-9. Retrieved 2013-11-28. Riley-Smith, Jonathan. "The Venetian Crusade of 1122-1124". Retrieved 2013-11-28. Sandi, Vettor. Principj di storia civile della repubblica di Venezia dalla sua fondazione sino all'anno 1700. - Venezia, Coletti 1755-1756. Coletti. Retrieved 2013-11-28. Schulz, Juergen; the New Palaces of Medieval Venice. Penn State Press. ISBN 978-0-271-04836-9. Retrieved 2013-11-28. Setton, Kenneth M.. A History of the Crusades: The Impact of the Crusades on the Near East.

Univ of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 978-0-299-09144-6. Retrieved 2013-11-28

Nowhere Girl

Nowhere Girl is an adult fiction webcomic by Justine Shaw, about a "college student who feels like an outsider in her own life, finding her place in the world and coming to terms with her sexuality". It is named after a song written by British futurist band B-Movie. Since its start in 2001, Nowhere Girl has won several awards. However, the comic has been retired in 2010. Inspirations include Love and Rockets by the Hernandez brothers, John Hughes films The Breakfast Club. Additional influences include pop music singer Morrissey and music groups The Elastica. Although the comic is not autobiographical, issue two draws some material from the author's time spent working for an Internet start-up in Silicon Valley during the boom years, circa 1997–1999; the comic was planned to be in five parts, but only two of them have been completed thus far. Shaw has contributed artwork to the Star Wars Origins website, which documents possible inspirations George Lucas drew from to create the Star Wars films; the Village Voice has described the webcomic as "a graphic novel that appeals to the clove-smoking, Nick Drake-loving art student in all of us."

In 2003, Nowhere Girl received a nomination for an Eisner award in the "best new series" category, making it the first nomination of a Web comic. Shaw was nominated for "talent deserving of wider recognition". In 2003, Nowhere Girl was nominated for several categories in the Web Cartoonist's Choice Awards winning "Outstanding Comic", "Outstanding Website Design", "Outstanding Dramatic Comic" and "Outstanding Reality Comic". Scott McCloud stated that Nowhere Girl was important because the design of its pages worked well on the web, making the long-form webcomic more approachable. Official website