British general election, 1774

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British general election, 1774

← 1768 5 October – 10 November 1774 (1774-10-05 – 1774-11-10) 1780 →

All 558 seats in the House of Commons
280 seats needed for a majority

  First party Second party
  Nathaniel Dance Lord North cropped.jpg Hon. Henry Seymour Conway.jpg
Leader Lord North Henry Seymour Conway
Party Northite Rockinghamite
Leader's seat Banbury Thetford
Seats won 343 215

Prime Minister before election

Lord North

Appointed Prime Minister

Lord North

The 1774 British general election returned members to serve in the House of Commons of the 14th Parliament of Great Britain to be held, after the merger of the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland in 1707. Lord North's government was returned with a large majority. The opposition consisted of factions supporting the Marquess of Rockingham and the Earl of Chatham, both of whom referred to themselves as Whigs. North's opponents referred to his supporters as Tories, but no Tory party existed at the time and his supporters rejected the label.

Summary of the constituencies[edit]

See British general election, 1796 for details. The constituencies used were the same throughout the existence of the Parliament of Great Britain.

Dates of election[edit]

The general election was held between 5 October 1774 and 10 November 1774.

At this period elections did not take place at the same time in every constituency. The returning officer in each county or parliamentary borough fixed the precise date (see hustings for details of the conduct of the elections).

See also[edit]


  • British Electoral Facts 1832–1999, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher (Ashgate Publishing Ltd 2000). (For dates of elections before 1832, see the footnote to Table 5.02).
  • Namier, L. B., & Brooke, J. (1964). The House of Commons, 1754–1790. New York, Published for the History of Parliament Trust by Oxford University Press