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Brittany (administrative region)

Brittany is the farthest west of the 13 regions of France. It is named after the historic and geographic region of Brittany, of which it constitutes 80%; the capital is Rennes. It is a peninsular region bathed by the English Channel to the north and the Bay of Biscay to the south, its neighboring regions are Normandy to the northeast and Pays de la Loire to the southeast. Bro Gozh ma Zadoù is the anthem of Brittany, it is sung to the same tune as that of the national anthem of Wales, Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau, has similar words. As a region of France, Brittany has a Regional Council, most elected in 2015; the region of Brittany was created in 1941 on 80% of the territory of traditional Brittany. The remaining 20% is now called the department of Loire-Atlantique, included in the region of Pays de la Loire, whose capital, was the historical capital of the Duchy of Brittany. Part of the reason Brittany was split between two present-day regions was to avoid the rivalry between Rennes and Nantes. Although Nantes was the principal capital of the Duchy of Brittany until the sixteenth century, Rennes had been the seat of the Duchy's supreme court of justice between 1560 and 1789.

Rennes had been the administrative capital of the Intendant of Brittany between 1689 and 1789, Intendances were the most important administrative units of the kingdom of France in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. As for the provincial States of Brittany, a legislative body which had met every two years in a different city of Brittany, that had met in Rennes only between 1728 and 1789, although not in the years 1730, 1758, 1760. Despite that, the Chambre des comptes had remained in Nantes until 1789. However, from 1381 until the end of the fifteenth century Vannes had served as the administrative capital of the Duchy, remaining the seat of its Chambre des comptes until the 1490s, the seat of its Parlement until 1553 and again between 1675 and 1689. Although there were previous plans to create regions out of the departments, like the Clémentel plan or the Vichy regionalisation programme, these plans had no effect or else were abolished in 1945; the current French regions were created by gathering departments together.

In Brittany, this led to the creation of the new region of Brittany, which included only four out of the five historical Breton departments. The term région was created by the Law of Decentralisation, which gave regions their legal status; the first direct elections for regional representatives took place on 16 March 1986. A majority of the population in administrative Brittany and in Nantes continue to protest against the division of the traditional territory of Brittany, hoping to see the department of Loire-Atlantique reunited with the administrative region of Brittany. However, such a reunification raises other questions: first, what to do with the remainder of the present region of Pays de la Loire, second, which city should be chosen as the capital of such a reunified Brittany. See History of BrittanyBrittany, lying in the west-northwest corner of France, is one of the great historic provinces of France; the most Atlantic of France's regions, Brittany is proud of its Celtic heritage, that sets it apart from the rest of France.

It enjoys a mild climate somewhat warmer though not drier than the climate of the southwest of England. The name "Brittany" derives from the Britons who, back in the Dark Ages, came south across the English Channel to seek refuge from the Anglo Saxon invaders who were pushing them out of a large part of the island of Great Britain. In this historic past, other Britons fled to the west and south west of their own island, to Wales and Cornwall. Today, the French administrative region of Brittany covers four "departments", the Côtes d'Armor in the north, Finistère in the far west, Morbihan in the south, Ille et Vilaine in the east, bordering on Normandy and the Loire valley area. Another department used to belong to the historic province of Brittany, this was the Loire Atlantique, the area round the city of Nantes which used once to be the Breton capital, but is today no longer in the region; the capital city of the modern Brittany region is Rennes, located in the central eastern part of the region.

Other important cities in the region are Brest, one of the two most important French naval ports, St Malo, an imposing walled city on the north coast, Vannes, the capital of the Morbihan, with an attractive old town centre. Quimper, the capital of the Finistère, St. Brieuc, the capital of the Côtes d'Armor, are less important. Lorient, in the Morbihan, was once a major shipping port trading with – as its name suggests – the Orient, it is the venue for Brittany's annual Interceltiques music and culture festival. Despite its limited size, Brittany is quite a diverse region; the south coast, facing onto the Bay of Biscay, is flatter, much milder, has a number of large sandy beaches. There are a lot of inlets on the south coast, such as La Trinité sur Mer, which in the past have been ports and commercial harbours, but today are more popular wit

George Allanson-Winn, 1st Baron Headley

George Allanson-Winn, 1st Baron Headley, known as Sir George Allanson-Winn, Bt, between 1776 and 1797, was a British barrister and politician. Born George Winn, he was the only son of Pelham Winn, of South Ferriby, Lincolnshire, by Elizabeth Wighton, daughter of Reverend Gilbert Wighton by Elizabeth Allanson, sister of William Allanson, of Bramham Biggin, Yorkshire, he entered Lincoln's Inn in 1744 and was called to the Bar in 1755. In 1761 he was appointed a Baron of the Exchequer, a post he held until 1776, he had succeeded to the estates of his cousin Mark Winn, of Little Warley, Essex, in 1763. In 1776 he was created a Baronet, of Little Warley in the County of Essex. In 1777 he succeeded to the estates of his cousin Charles Allanson of Bramham Biggin and took the additional surname of Allanson. In 1789 Allanson-Winn was returned to Parliament for Ripon, he was elected through his connection with William Lawrence, who managed the elections in Ripon, brother-in-law of the widow of Allanson-Winn's cousin Charles Allanson.

He continued to represent Ripon until 1798, during which time he was a silent supporter of William Pitt the Younger's administration. Having earlier petitioned Pitt for an Irish peerage, he made a renewed petition in 1793, he was rewarded four years when he was made an Irish peer as Lord Headley, Baron Allanson and Winn, of Aghadoe in the County of Kerry. Lord Headley married firstly his kinswoman Anne Winn, daughter of Sir Rowland Winn, 4th Baronet, of Nostell Priory, in 1765, they had one daughter. After her death in October 1774 he married secondly Jane Blennerhassett, daughter and co-heiress of Arthur Blennerhassett, of Ballyseedy, County Kerry, in 1783, they had two daughters. He died in April 1798 and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son, Charles

Ray Shaw (association footballer)

Raymond Shaw was an English professional footballer and manager who played in the Football League for Birmingham. Shaw was born in Staffordshire, he began his football career as an amateur with Walsall, played local football for Streetly Works and for Darlaston, before turning professional with Birmingham in 1937. He made his debut in the First Division on 25 September 1937 as an emergency centre forward in a 2–1 defeat at Preston North End, he played only over the next two seasons, but was first choice at the start of the 1939–40 season, abandoned on the outbreak of the Second World War. Shaw made 111 appearances for the club in the wartime leagues, a few more when the Football League resumed in 1946, before retiring as a player to join Birmingham's coaching staff, he succeeded Alf Wood as manager of Walsall in October 1964, stabilising the club in mid-table in the Third Division and twice leading them to the Fourth Round of the FA Cup. After three-and-a-half years in post, he handed over to Dick Graham and took up a coaching position with Leicester City.

Shaw died in August 1980 at the age of 67. Ray Shaw management career statistics at Soccerbase