Vine Street (Philadelphia)
Vine Street is a major east-west street in Center City, Pennsylvania. It begins at the Delaware River, proceeds west until 20th Street, where it merges with the Benjamin Franklin Parkway. In West Philadelphia, it begins again near the intersection of 52nd Street & Haverford Avenue, ends just past 66th Street, in Cobbs Creek Park. Vine Street is non-continuous between 5th and 7th Streets, because of the Vine Street Expressway and the approach to the Benjamin Franklin Bridge, it was part of Philadelphia's original street plan, laid out by William Penn and Thomas Holme in 1682, remained the northern border of the City of Philadelphia until 1854. It forms the northern border of Logan Circle. Parkway Central Library, the main branch of the Free Library of Philadelphia system and the Family Court Building both have their main entrances on Vine Street
U.S. Route 1 in Pennsylvania
U. S. Route 1 is a major north–south U. S. Highway, extending from the Florida Keys in the south to the Canadian border in the north. In the U. S. state of Pennsylvania, US 1 runs for 81 miles from the Maryland state line near Oxford to the New Jersey state line near Trenton, through the southeastern portion of the state. The route runs southwest to northeast, serves as a major arterial road for many of the suburbs in the Delaware Valley area. South of Philadelphia, the road follows the alignment of the old Baltimore Pike. Within Philadelphia, it follows Roosevelt Boulevard. US 1 enters Pennsylvania from Maryland in West Nottingham Township, Chester County, heading northeast as a two-lane undivided road that soon widens into a four-lane divided highway; the road curves north and runs through fields and woods with some development, becoming a four-lane freeway, called the John H. Ware III Memorial Highway; the route runs through rural land with some nearby homes and commercial development, coming to an interchange with PA 272 west of the community of Nottingham.
From here, US 1 curves to the northeast and continues into East Nottingham Township, passing through a mix of farmland and woodland with some residences. The freeway skirts into the western portion of the borough of Oxford and reaches a diamond interchange with PA 472 that serves the borough; the route runs through more rural areas with some nearby development and enters Lower Oxford Township, where it bends to the east-northeast and comes to an interchange with PA 10 that provides access to Oxford. US 1 continues through farm fields and woods and crosses into Upper Oxford Township, where it comes to the PA 896 exit; the freeway crosses the East Branch Big Elk Creek into Penn Township and heads east to a diamond interchange at PA 796 north of the community of Jennersville. The route passes through a mix of fields and residential development ad it continues east into London Grove Township and comes to the PA 841 interchange north of the borough of West Grove. US 1 curves northeast and reaches a diamond interchange serving PA 41 northwest of the borough of Avondale.
The freeway continues through rural land with some development and bends to the east, heading into New Garden Township and coming to an interchange at Newark Road north of the community of Toughkenamon. The route heads through wooded areas with some nearby residential development and skirts into the southern portion of East Marlborough Township, where it has an interchange with PA 82 north of the borough of Kennett Square. From here, US 1 continues east and enters Kennett Township, where it passes near more development and comes to the northern terminus of the freeway at a southbound exit and northbound entrance with Baltimore Pike. At this point, US 1 continues northeast along four-lane divided East Baltimore Pike into East Marlborough Township and passes businesses, widening to six lanes; the road narrows to four lanes and passes near homes and businesses before coming to an interchange that provides access to Longwood Gardens to the north of the road, at which point it crosses back into Kennett Township.
A short distance US 1 comes to an intersection with PA 52, at which point that route heads onto East Baltimore Pike concurrent with US 1. The road heads into wooded areas with some homes and businesses, at which point PA 52 splits to the southeast towards Wilmington, Delaware; the route turns to the northeast and crosses into Pennsbury Township, where the official name becomes Baltimore Pike. The road curves to the east again and passes through more woodland with some residential and commercial development, crossing an East Penn Railroad line before heading across the Brandywine Creek. Upon crossing the Brandywine Creek, US 1 continues into Chadds Ford Township in Delaware County and passes to the north of the Brandywine River Museum; the route intersects Creek Road in a commercial area. The road continues through wooded areas with some development, passing to the south of the Brandywine Battlefield; the route curves northeast and heads into areas of businesses, intersecting US 202/US 322 in Painters Crossing.
Here, US 322 turns east to join US 1 in a concurrency along Baltimore Pike, running past more commercial establishments in Concord Township. In Concordville, US 322 splits to the southeast and US 1 continues along Baltimore Pike, heading into more wooded areas with occasional businesses; the route curves to the east and enters the borough of Chester Heights, passing businesses before heading into forested areas, where it passes the corporate headquarters of Wawa Inc. The road crosses the Chester Creek into Middletown Township; the route passes under SEPTA's West Chester Branch northwest of the site of Wawa station, which will serve as the future terminius of SEPTA's Media/Elwyn Line. US 1 continues into commercial areas, coming to an intersection with PA 452 in the community of Lima. Following this, the route continues east and passes between the Promenade at Granite Run shopping center to the north and Riddle Memorial Hospital to the south, coming to an interchange with PA 352. A short distance US 1 splits from Baltimore Pike at an interchange by heading northeast onto the Media Bypass, a four-lane freeway which bypasses the borough of Media to the north.
The Baltimore Pike interchange is a northbound exit and southbound entrance that features a U-turn ramp from northbound US 1 to southbound US 1. US 1 runs through wooded areas with some nearby homes and crosses Ridley Creek into Upper Providence Township; the freeway continues northeast before it curves to the east and comes to a diamond interchange at PA 252 in the community of Rose Tree. The route runs through more wooded areas with some ho
Callowhill is a neighborhood in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is located in the vicinity of Callowhill Street, between Vine Street, Spring Garden Street, Broad Street, 8th Street, it is named for William Penn's second wife. Callowhill was home to large-scale manufacturing and other industries, of which an architectural history has been left in the form of grand old abandoned factories. During the 1970s and 1980s, the population of Callowhill plummeted, although numbers are rising, it is a unpopulated section of the city compared to surrounding neighborhoods. Developers have started to employ adaptive reuse projects, converting them into loft style housing. In 2010 the Callowhill Industrial Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places. Callowhill is physically cut off from its neighbor to the south, Chinatown, by the Vine Street Expressway; this has prevented Chinese businesses from spreading north, although some industrial and storage uses by the Chinese community have been placed in Callowhill.
Vine Street is blamed for the abrupt drop in pedestrian life above Chinatown, the struggle faced by efforts to redevelop this section of the city that lies between Center City and North Philadelphia. The former Reading Railroad train trestle, the Reading Viaduct, is a defining feature of the Callowhill neighborhood. Neighborhood groups have proposed; the Reading Viaduct park plan gained momentum in 2009 when Philadelphia's Center City District, its influential president Paul Levy, became enamored of the idea and became a partner to help manage the project. CCD announced on Tuesday, February 6, 2018 that the first phase of the quarter-mile-long, elevated park would open in spring 2018; the actual grand opening of The Rail park was held on June 2018, attracting a large crowd. Philadelphia Traffic Court is at Spring Garden Street and North 8th Street. Callowhill Neighborhood Association 9th and Callowhill Redevelopment Area, City Planning Commission, 2005
South Philadelphia, nicknamed South Philly, is the section of Philadelphia bounded by South Street to the north, the Delaware River to the east and south, the Schuylkill River to the west. A diverse community, South Philadelphia is known for its large Italian American population, but contains large Irish American and African American populations. South Philadelphia began as a satellite town of Philadelphia, with small townships such as Moyamensing and Southwark. Towards the end of the Industrial Revolution, the area saw rapid growth in population and urban development; this expansion was in part due to an influx of working class laborers and immigrants looking for factory jobs and dock work, as well as the first wave of mass immigration of refugees and impoverished immigrants from Ireland in the wake of the Great Irish Hunger. South Philadelphia's urbanized border expanded to reach that of Philadelphia proper, or what is today known as Center City Philadelphia. Along with all other jurisdictions in Philadelphia County, South Philadelphia became part of the City of Philadelphia proper with passage by the Pennsylvania legislature of the city/county Act of Consolidation, 1854.
The area continued to grow, becoming a vital part of Philadelphia's large industrial base and attracting immigrants from Italy, Ireland and many Southern European and Eastern European countries during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, as well as Black American migrants from the southern United States during the Great Migration of the early 20th century. The immigrants and migrants became the basis of South Philadelphia's unique and vibrant culture that developed over the next several decades. Struggling to maintain their Catholic identity in a Protestant city, the Irish built a system of Irish Catholic churches and parochial schools for their children, including Catholic high schools; the immigrant populations of Italians and Poles were Catholic. These populations attended existing Catholic churches but built their own ethno-national churches when possible. However, the more established Irish-American ethnic community controlled the Catholic clergy and hierarchy for decades in Philadelphia and throughout the region excluding the more recent Italian populations from participating in the church hierarchy.
In addition to the influx of Catholic immigrants, many Polish Jews and other Jews from Eastern Europe settled in South Philadelphia during the first half of the 20th century in the diverse area now known as Queen Village where Jewish immigrants lived among Catholic Polish immigrants, Irish-Americans, Italian immigrants. A smaller but significant Greek immigrant community flourished around this time, leading to the establishment of Greek Orthodox parishes in South Philadelphia. Despite this dramatic growth in population, the low funding of education by the city resulted in the first public high school not being formed in South Philadelphia until 1934. Attracted to the industrial jobs, the new residents of South Philadelphia created communities that continued many of their Old World traditions. While many of the new arrivals were Catholic, neighborhood parishes reflected their ethnic and national traditions. Monsignor James F. Connelly, the pastor of the Stella Maris Catholic Church and an editor of the 1976 work The History of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia, said in a 2005 Philadelphia Inquirer article that each parish church "offer the immigrants the faith they were familiar with."
With the dramatic loss of industrial jobs during mid-20th century restructuring, there were population losses in South Philadelphia as well as other working-class parts of the city, some neighborhood Catholic schools had to close. Today, many of South Philadelphia's communities are Italian American. Many of these communities contain both older and more recent Italian immigrants and Italian speakers, Italian saint festivals and cultural celebrations, including the South 9th Street Italian Market festival, are popular in the South Philadelphia Italian-American communities. In addition, South Philadelphia continues to be home to many ethnic Irish American communities and African American communities. Both Irish American and African American communities can be found in the neighborhoods of Grays Ferry and Southwest Center City, while the nearby neighborhood of Point Breeze is African American and is considered the center of the South Philadelphia's African American communities; the neighborhood of Pennsport remains a working class Irish-American neighborhood and the cultural center of Irish-American South Philadelphia.
An increase in late 20th-century and early 21st-century immigration has given South Philadelphia significant populations from Asia Southeast Asia, including populations from Vietnam, Cambodia and Thailand. In addition, there has been an increase in recent years of immigrants from Russia and Central American nations such as Honduras, El Salvador. Today, many vendors that work alongside the Italian-Americans at the Italian Market are of Asian descent and Mexican or Central American descent, Vietnamese, Thai and Central American restaurants are interspersed with historic Italian restaurants in the Market area; the recent revitalization of Center City Philadelphia and the subsequent gentrification of adjacent neighborhoods has led to dramatic rises in prices of housing in the neighborhoods of historic Queen Village, Bella Vista, some other northern parts of South Philadelphia, leading to an influx of young urban professionals in those more northern neighborhoods. Many of the community clubs that create the annual Mummers Parade every New Year's Day have traditionally been from South Phi
U.S. Route 13 in Pennsylvania
U. S. Route 13 is a U. S. highway running from Fayetteville, North Carolina north to Morrisville, Pennsylvania. The route runs for 49.33 mi through the Philadelphia metropolitan area in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. The route enters the state from Delaware in Delaware County, it continues in a northeasterly direction through Delaware County, passing through the city of Chester before heading through suburban areas along Chester Pike to Darby. US 13 enters Philadelphia on Baltimore Avenue and runs through West Philadelphia to University City, where it turns north along several city streets before heading east across the Schuylkill River along Girard Avenue; the route turns north and heads to North Philadelphia, where it runs northeast along Hunting Park Avenue. US 13 becomes concurrent with US 1 on Roosevelt Boulevard. US 13 splits southeast on one-way streets before heading northeast out of the city on Frankford Avenue; the route continues into Bucks County as Bristol Pike, heading northeast to Bristol, where it turns into a divided highway.
US 13 continues north to its terminus at US 1 near Morrisville. US 13 parallels Interstate 95 through its course in Pennsylvania; the routing dates back to colonial times as part of the King's Highway. In the 19th century, the road was part of several turnpikes, including the Darby and Ridley Turnpike between Chester and Darby and the Frankford and Bristol Turnpike between Philadelphia and Morrisville. In the early 20th century, these private turnpikes became public roads. US 13 was designated through Pennsylvania in 1926, running between the Delaware border in Marcus Hook and US 1 in Morrisville; the route was designated concurrent with Pennsylvania Route 91 between the Delaware border and Philadelphia and PA 32 between Philadelphia and Morrisville. US 13 ran through Darby on Main Street and Philadelphia on Woodland Avenue, Market Street, Broad Street, Diamond Street, Front Street, Kensington Avenue, Frankford Avenue. In the 1930s, the route was shifted to use Macdade Boulevard, Whitby Avenue, 44th Street, Powelton Avenue, 31st and 32nd streets, Spring Garden Street, Broad Street, Roosevelt Boulevard, Levick Street, Frankford Avenue through the city.
Between the 1930s and 1960s, three bypass routes existed for portions of US 13 between Marcus Hook and Philadelphia. The divided highway alignment between Bristol and Tullytown was completed by 1950; the US 13 freeway between Tullytown and US 1 was completed in 1955, shifting the northern terminus to its current location. This freeway was once considered to become a part of I-95 that would pass through Trenton, New Jersey before it was decided for the interstate to bypass Trenton to the north. A US 13 freeway was again proposed between I-95 near Bristol and Tullytown in 1969 but was cancelled; the route was shifted to use 43rd and 44th streets, Powelton Avenue, 34th Street, Girard Avenue, 33rd Street, Ridge Avenue, Hunting Park Avenue in Philadelphia in the 1950s. US 13 was rerouted to use Church Lane and Baltimore Avenue between Yeadon and West Philadelphia in the 1960s; the route was shifted to its current alignment in the 1970s. US 13 enters Pennsylvania from Delaware in the borough of Marcus Hook in Delaware County, heading northeast on four-lane undivided Post Road.
From the state line, the route passes through Sunoco's Marcus Hook Industrial Complex. The road narrows to two lanes and crosses a railroad spur serving the industrial complex before it heads into the commercial center of Marcus Hook as 10th Street, intersecting the southern terminus of PA 452. US 13 crosses a Conrail Shared Assets Operations line and runs between residential areas to the north and industrial areas to the south before it crosses the Marcus Hook Creek into the borough of Trainer; the route becomes Post Road again and passes between homes and some businesses to the north and a Delta Air Lines' Trainer Refinery to the south before it reaches a junction with the western terminus of PA 291. The road continues through urban residential and industrial areas as it enters the city of Chester, where the road name becomes 4th Street. US 13 passes near urban businesses, turning northwest onto Highland Avenue; the route passes under Amtrak's Northeast Corridor near the Highland Avenue station serving SEPTA's Wilmington/Newark Line before running past more homes and turning northeast onto 9th Street.
US 13 passes Community Hospital of Chester. The route comes to an partial interchange with the US 322 freeway providing access to and from the Commodore Barry Bridge over the Delaware River. Following this, the road continues past urban residences and businesses, passing south of Chester High School and crossing Chester Creek. US 13 reaches a junction with the southern terminus of PA 352 and Avenue of the States and continues northeast to intersect PA 320, routed on the one-way pair of Madison Street northbound and Upland Street southbound; the route turns north onto Morton Avenue and continues through urban development, curving to the northeast. US 13 crosses the Ridley Creek and forms the border between Ridley Township to the north and the borough of Eddystone to the south, widening to four lanes and becoming Chester Pike; the road passes a mix of homes and businesses before it comes to a bridge over Crum Creek, at which point it enters Ridley Township. The route passes under I-95 and continues past commercial development in the community of Crum Lynne, gaining a center left-turn lane.
US 13 enters the borough of Ridley Park and passes under the Northeast Corridor near the Cr
Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania
Philadelphia County is the most populous county in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of 2017, Philadelphia County was home to an estimated population of 1,580,863 residents; the county is the second smallest county in Pennsylvania by land area. Philadelphia County is one of the three original counties, along with Chester and Bucks counties, created by William Penn during November 1682. Since 1854, the county has been coterminous with the City of Philadelphia, which serves as its seat of government. Philadelphia County is part of the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD, located along the lower Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, within the Northeast megalopolis. Philadelphia County is the economic and cultural anchor of the Delaware Valley, the eighth-largest combined statistical area in the United States, with a population of 7.2 million. Native American tribes of Lenape were the first known occupants in the area that became Philadelphia County; the first European settlers were Swedes and Finns who arrived during 1638.
The Netherlands seized the area during 1655, but lost control to England during 1674. William Penn received his charter for Pennsylvania from Charles II of England during 1681, November 1682 he divided Pennsylvania into three counties. During the same year, Philadelphia was planned and was made the county seat and the capital of the Province of Pennsylvania. Penn wanted Philadelphia, meaning "love brotherly", to be a place where religious tolerance and the freedom to worship were ensured. Philadelphia's name is shared with an ancient city in Asia Minor mentioned by the Bible's Book of Revelation, it was William Penn's desire, as a Quaker, that his "Holy Experiment" would be found blameless at the Last Judgment. When established, Philadelphia County consisted of the area from the Delaware River west between the Schuylkill River to the south and the border with Bucks County to the north. Two counties would be formed out of Philadelphia County, Berks County, formed during 1752, Montgomery County established during 1784.
From these separations, as well as other border changes, was created the present-day boundaries of the county. The City of Philadelphia, as planned by Penn, comprised only that portion of the present day city situated between South and Vine Streets and the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers. Other settlements were made beyond the boundaries of the city, in the course of time they became incorporated separately and had separate governments. Several of these settlements were situated contiguous to the "city proper" of Philadelphia, such as Southwark and Moyamensing in the south, the Northern Liberties District, Spring Garden and Penn District to the north, West Philadelphia and Blockley to the west — which combined with the City of Philadelphia formed one continuously urban area, the whole group being known abroad as Philadelphia. Besides these, there were a number of other outlying townships and settlements throughout the county. Over time, as the population expanded out from the City of Philadelphia, those closer to the City of Philadelphia became absorbed into Philadelphia.
During this period, the city government of Philadelphia and the county government of Philadelphia acted separately. By the mid-19th century, a more structured government bureaucracy was needed. A reform charter, on February 2, 1854, defined all the boroughs and districts of the County of Philadelphia as being within the City of Philadelphia, thus abolishing the patchwork of cities and townships that had comprised Philadelphia County since its founding; the city-county consolidation was a result of the inability of a colonial-type government by committees to adapt to the needs of a growing city for new public services, for example, better streets, transportation and schools. The newly integrated districts had marked characteristics between them, but over time, after the consolidation, these characteristics were integrated into the City of Philadelphia. Presently, the names of some of these old districts survive as the names of neighborhoods in the city, with their boundaries matching their historic boundaries.
During 1951, a new law known as the Home Rule Charter merged county offices completely. This new charter provided the city with a common structure and outlined the "strong mayor" form of government, still used; the county offices were merged with the city government during 1952 eliminating the county as a government. Though the county no longer has a government structure by law, in both the Unconsolidated Pennsylvania Statutes and The Philadelphia Code and Charter, the County of Philadelphia is still an entity within the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, it is thus subject to the laws of the Commonwealth concerning counties. Exceptions include restrictions stated in the Home Rule Charter of Philadelphia, Act of Consolidation, 1854, subsequent legislation; the county is the only First Class County, meaning it had a population of 1.5 million or more at the last census, in the Commonwealth. Philadelphia has become racially and ethnically diverse over the years, this process continues. Since 1990, thousands of immigrants from Latin America and Europe have arrived in the county.
Presently, the city has some of the largest Irish, German, Puerto Rican, Vietnamese, Ukrainian, Chinese, Arab and Cambodian populations in America. The county has the fourth largest concentration of African Americans in North America, including large nu
Pennsylvania State Route System
In the U. S. state of Pennsylvania, state highways are maintained by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Each is assigned a four-digit State Route number in the present Location Referencing System. Traffic Routes are signed as Interstate Highways, U. S. Routes and Pennsylvania Routes, are prefixed with one to three zeroes to give a four-digit number. PA Routes are called Pennsylvania Traffic Routes, State Highway Routes; the Pennsylvania State Route System was established by the Sproul Road Bill passed in 1911. The system took control of over 4,000 miles of road; the system of roads continued to grow over the next few decades until continual addition of roads faced greater opposition. On October 1, 1940, the Pennsylvania Turnpike's first section of highway was opened to motorized traffic. In 1970, the Department of Highways and several other offices and departments were reorganized into the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. In 1987, the Sproul system of Legislative Routes was reorganized into the current Pennsylvania State Route System under the Location Referencing System.
In 2013, PennDOT posted weight restrictions on several bridges along the state route system. As a result, several truck routes were signed for U. S. and state routes, bypassing these weight restricted bridges. Signage practices for these truck routes vary by district, with some districts such as District 5 signing them as standard truck routes and others such as District 6 signing them as double-bannered "alternate truck" routes; the symbol used for the signage of state routes is an outline of the keystone after Pennsylvania's nickname. Four-digit State Routes are unsigned, except on small white reference markers at intersections, are only unique within each county. Underneath, there is a larger typeface number identifying the segment of highway being entered. Segments are one half mile long and are numbered in multiples of 10 on non-Interstate highways. Segment numbers increase in the north or east direction, are even-numbered on undivided highways and on the northbound or eastbound direction of divided highways.
Special routes are not assigned State Route numbers corresponding to their signed numbers, but are instead marked along other routes Quadrant Routes. Concurrencies are assigned a number equal to the smaller number of the concurrent routes, or the highest type. A signed Traffic Route number does not match the State Route in the case of an extension or relocation. A different number can be used to avoid conflicts between different types — for instance, signed Pennsylvania Route 380 is State Route 400, renumbered ca. 1973 when Interstate 81E was renumbered Interstate 380. The majority of, but not all, signed. Pennsylvania Turnpike Transportation in Pennsylvania List of BicyclePA bicycle routes Pennsylvania Department of Transportation