The Wilmington/Newark Line is a route of the SEPTA Regional Rail commuter rail system in the Philadelphia area. The line serves southeastern Pennsylvania and northern Delaware, with stations in Marcus Hook, Wilmington and Newark, Delaware, it is the longest of the 13 SEPTA Regional Rail lines. The Wilmington/Newark Line runs on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor. Only weekday peak trains run to Newark. One morning train to Newark runs as an express service from University City to Chester before turning into a local serving Marcus Hook and the Delaware stations. About half the trains on weekends terminate at Marcus Hook. Service in Delaware is funded in part by the Delaware Department of Transportation. Most weekday Marcus Hook/Wilmington/Newark trains operate through the Center City tunnel to and from the Temple University station. On weekends most Marcus Hook/Wilmington trains run through to and from Manayunk/Norristown Line points; the line north of Wilmington was built by the Philadelphia and Baltimore Railroad.
The original alignment was opened January 17, 1838, on November 18, 1872 a realignment opened north of Chester. South of Wilmington the line was built by the Wilmington and Susquehanna Railroad and opened July 31, 1837; the Pennsylvania Railroad obtained control in the early 1880s. Electrified service was opened between Philadelphia and Wilmington on September 30, 1928. Electrified operation was extended to Newark and beyond to Washington, D. C. on February 10, 1935. In 1968, the Pennsylvania Railroad merged into Penn Central. In 1976 Conrail took over, SEPTA took over on January 1, 1983; when SEPTA took over service, commuter rail service in Delaware was eliminated, with the Claymont and Edgemoor stations closed. Under SEPTA, commuter service from Philadelphia terminated in Marcus Hook. In 1989, service was extended south into Delaware to end at Wilmington. A stop was added in Claymont in 1991. SEPTA service was extended south from Wilmington to Newark in 1997; the Churchmans Crossing station between Wilmington and Newark opened in 2000.
SEPTA activated positive train control on the Wilmington/Newark Line on May 1, 2017. On July 25, 2010 SEPTA renamed the service from the R2 Newark to the Wilmington/Newark Line as part of system-wide service change that drops the R-number naming and makes the Center City stations the terminus for all lines; this ended the combined R2 Newark/R2 Warminster service. The Wilmington/Newark Line trains make the following station stops, after leaving the Center City Commuter Connection: Bell Tower Lamokin Tower "SEPTA – Marcus Hook/Wilmington/Newark line schedule"; the Pennsylvania Railroad Technical and Historical Society
Penn Center, Philadelphia
Penn Center is the heart of Philadelphia's central business district. It takes its name from the nearly five million square foot office and retail complex, it lies between 15th and 19th Streets, between John F. Kennedy Boulevard and Market Street, it is credited with bringing Philadelphia into the era of modern office buildings. In 1881, the Pennsylvania Railroad brought passenger service into the center of the city, constructed the first Broad Street Station just west of City Hall; the sea of iron pillars holding up the PRR's elevated trackbed was replaced in the 1890s by a 10-block stone viaduct to the Schuylkill River. This created a block-wide barrier known as The Chinese Wall, cutting the western portion of the city in half and discouraging development there. At the time, most commercial activity in Center City was east of Broad Street, why the SEPTA Market-Frankford Line has no stops between 30th Street Station and 15th Street. In 1925, the Pennsylvania Railroad announced its intention to leave Broad Street Station, freeing the land for redevelopment.
The railroad, which had both outgrown the station and was operationally burdened by its stub-end nature, would move its operations to the newly constructed 30th Street Station and Suburban Station. Those stations were completed and in operation by 1933, but a number of factors, including the Great Depression which stalled the planned redevelopment, forced the railroad to continue utilizing Broad Street Station for certain types of trains for nearly two more decades. Broad Street Station was not vacated until 1952, during the term of Mayor Joseph S. Clark. Plans for the demolition of the Chinese Wall and accompanying train station were finalized and both were razed in 1953. Ed Bacon, executive director of the Philadelphia City Planning Commission, came up with a master plan for a four-block area to be cleared. Bacon named the new site Penn Center with the hopes that it would become a business center and model for future development, his plan for the redevelopment of the site included three large office towers, a pedestrian mall, an underground concourse where retail and business was to be located.
He picked architect Vincent Kling to design most of the buildings over Louis Kahn, another possible contender. The Pennsylvania Railroad wanted to sell the land off in smaller lots for piecemeal development, but Mayor Clark used his political clout to see that Bacon's plan was realized; the plan was implemented with public support, but it would come into criticism from urban planners, notable journalist Jane Jacobs for placing vibrant urban activity underground leaving no use for the above ground promenade, failing to account for actual human usage of the space. Throughout the mid- to late 20th century, the city's office sector began to move west into the Penn Center area, thanks to planning efforts; as the office-working population became more suburbanized, convenient access to Suburban Station began to take precedence to city planners over local city transit access. Today, the Penn Center name is attached to 11 mid- and highrise office buildings. Most of the buildings of the complex are connected to the Suburban Station retail concourse and by extension the Center City Concourse.
The buildings share a loading and delivery entrance on Commerce Street which connects to all the buildings underground. Although not part of Penn Center, the Comcast Center connects to the concourse; the numbers of the Penn Center buildings radiate clockwise around One Penn Center, the oldest building. John F. Kennedy Boulevard, on which many Penn Center buildings front, was known as Pennsylvania Boulevard until 1964, after the assassination of John F. Kennedy.'Developmentally Disabled' a Philadelphia Weekly article that discusses the history of planning in Philadelphia and addresses Penn Center'The History of LOVE Park' a history of LOVE park that discusses Penn Center'Urban Renewal in Philadelphia' a history of the development of Penn Center containing many historical photographs
The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority is a regional public transportation authority that operates bus, rapid transit, commuter rail, light rail, electric trolleybus services for nearly 4 million people in five counties in and around Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It manages projects that maintain and expand its infrastructure and vehicles. SEPTA is the major transit provider for Philadelphia and the counties of Delaware, Montgomery and Chester, it is a state-created authority, with the majority of its board appointed by the five Pennsylvania counties it serves. While several SEPTA commuter rail lines terminate in the nearby states of Delaware and New Jersey, additional service to Philadelphia from those states is provided by other agencies: the PATCO Speedline from Camden County, New Jersey is run by the Delaware River Port Authority, a bi-state agency. SEPTA has the 6th-largest U. S. rapid transit system by ridership, the 5th largest overall transit system, with about 306.9 million annual unlinked trips.
It controls 290 active stations, over 450 miles of track, 2,295 revenue vehicles, 196 routes. It oversees shared-ride services in Philadelphia and ADA services across the region, which are operated by third-party contractors. SEPTA is one of only two U. S. transit authorities that operates all of the five major types of terrestrial transit vehicles: regional rail trains, "heavy" rapid transit trains, light rail vehicles and motorbuses. SEPTA's headquarters are at 1234 Market Street in Philadelphia. SEPTA was created by the Pennsylvania legislature on August 17, 1963, to coordinate government subsidies to various transit and railroad companies in southeastern Pennsylvania, it commenced on February 18, 1964. On November 1, 1965, SEPTA absorbed two predecessor agencies: The Passenger Service Improvement Corporation, created January 20, 1960 to work with the Reading Company and Pennsylvania Railroad to improve commuter rail service and help the railroads maintain otherwise unprofitable passenger rail service.
The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Compact, created September 8, 1961 by the City of Philadelphia and the Counties of Montgomery and Chester to coordinate regional transport issues. By 1966, the Reading Company and Pennsylvania Railroad commuter railroad lines were operated under contract to SEPTA. On February 1, 1968, the Pennsylvania Railroad merged with the New York Central railroad to become Penn Central, only to file for bankruptcy on June 21, 1970. Penn Central continued to operate in bankruptcy until 1976, when Conrail took over its assets along with those of several other bankrupt railroads, including the Reading Company. Conrail operated commuter services under contract to SEPTA until January 1, 1983, when SEPTA took over operations and acquired track, rolling stock, other assets to form the Railroad Division. Like New York's Second Avenue Subway, the original proposal for the Roosevelt Boulevard Subway dates to 1913, but construction has remained elusive. Instead, after completing the Frankford Elevated, transit service in and around the city stagnated until the early 2000s.
On September 30, 1968, SEPTA acquired the Philadelphia Transportation Company, which operated a citywide system of bus and trackless trolley routes, the Market–Frankford Line, the Broad Street Line and the Delaware River Bridge Line which became SEPTA's City Transit Division. The PTC had been created in 1940 with the merger of the Philadelphia Rapid Transit Company and a group of smaller independent transit companies operating within the city and its environs. On January 30, 1970, SEPTA acquired the Philadelphia Suburban Transportation Company known as the Red Arrow Lines, which included the Philadelphia and Western Railroad route now called the Norristown High Speed Line, the Media and Sharon Hill Lines and several suburban bus routes in Delaware County. Today, this is the Victory Division. On March 1, 1976, SEPTA acquired the transit operations of Schuylkill Valley Lines, today the Frontier Division. Meanwhile, SEPTA began to take over the Pennsylvania Railroad and Reading Company commuter trains.
SEPTA sought to consolidate the formerly-competing services, leading to severe cutbacks in the mid-1980s. Subsequent proposals have been made to restore service to Allentown, West Chester and Newtown, with support from commuters, local officials and pro-train advocates. SEPTA's planning department focused on the Schuylkill Valley Metro, a "cross-county metro" that would re-establish service to Phoenixville and Reading without requiring the rider to go into Philadelphia. However, ridership projections were dubious, the FRA refused to fund the project. Many derelict lines under SEPTA ownership have been converted to rail trails, postponing any restoration proposals for the foreseeable future. Proposals have been made for increased service on existing lines, including evenings and Sundays to Wilmington and Newark in Delaware. Maryland's MARC commuter rail system is considering extending its service as far as Newark, which would allow passengers to connect directly between SEPTA and MARC. Other recent proposals have focused on extending and enhancing SEPTA's other tra
Baltimore is the largest city in the state of Maryland within the United States. Baltimore was established by the Constitution of Maryland as an independent city in 1729. With a population of 611,648 in 2017, Baltimore is the largest such independent city in the United States; as of 2017, the population of the Baltimore metropolitan area was estimated to be just under 2.808 million, making it the 20th largest metropolitan area in the country. Baltimore is located about 40 miles northeast of Washington, D. C. making it a principal city in the Washington-Baltimore combined statistical area, the fourth-largest CSA in the nation, with a calculated 2017 population of 9,764,315. Baltimore is the second-largest seaport in the Mid-Atlantic; the city's Inner Harbor was once the second leading port of entry for immigrants to the United States. In addition, Baltimore was a major manufacturing center. After a decline in major manufacturing, heavy industry, restructuring of the rail industry, Baltimore has shifted to a service-oriented economy.
Johns Hopkins Hospital and Johns Hopkins University are the city's top two employers. With hundreds of identified districts, Baltimore has been dubbed a "city of neighborhoods." Famous residents have included writers Edgar Allan Poe, Edith Hamilton, Frederick Douglass, Ogden Nash, H. L. Mencken. During the War of 1812, Francis Scott Key wrote "The Star-Spangled Banner" in Baltimore after the bombardment of Fort McHenry, his poem popularized as a song. Baltimore has more public statues and monuments per capita than any other city in the country, is home to some of the earliest National Register Historic Districts in the nation, including Fell's Point, Federal Hill, Mount Vernon; these were added to the National Register between 1969–1971, soon after historic preservation legislation was passed. Nearly one third of the city's buildings are designated as historic in the National Register, more than any other U. S. city. The city has 33 local historic districts. Over 65,000 properties are designated as historic buildings and listed in the NRHP, more than any other U.
S. city. The historical records of the government of Baltimore are located at the Baltimore City Archives; the city is named after Cecil Calvert, second Lord Baltimore of the Irish House of Lords and founding proprietor of the Province of Maryland. Baltimore Manor was the name of the estate in County Longford on which the Calvert family lived in Ireland. Baltimore is an anglicization of the Irish name Baile an Tí Mhóir, meaning "town of the big house." The Baltimore area had been inhabited by Native Americans since at least the 10th millennium BC, when Paleo-Indians first settled in the region. One Paleo-Indian site and several Archaic period and Woodland period archaeological sites have been identified in Baltimore, including four from the Late Woodland period. During the Late Woodland period, the archaeological culture, called the "Potomac Creek complex" resided in the area from Baltimore south to the Rappahannock River in present-day Virginia. In the early 1600s, the immediate Baltimore vicinity was sparsely populated, if at all, by Native Americans.
The Baltimore County area northward was used as hunting grounds by the Susquehannock living in the lower Susquehanna River valley. This Iroquoian-speaking people "controlled all of the upper tributaries of the Chesapeake" but "refrained from much contact with Powhatan in the Potomac region" and south into Virginia. Pressured by the Susquehannock, the Piscataway tribe, an Algonquian-speaking people, stayed well south of the Baltimore area and inhabited the north bank of the Potomac River in what are now Charles and southern Prince George's counties in the coastal areas south of the Fall Line. European colonization of Maryland began with the arrival of an English ship at St. Clement's Island in the Potomac River on March 25, 1634. Europeans began to settle the area further north, beginning to populate the area of Baltimore County; the original county seat, known today as "Old Baltimore", was located on Bush River within the present-day Aberdeen Proving Ground. The colonists engaged in sporadic warfare with the Susquehanna, whose numbers dwindled from new infectious diseases, such as smallpox, endemic among the Europeans.
In 1661 David Jones claimed the area known today as Jonestown on the east bank of the Jones Falls stream. The colonial General Assembly of Maryland created the Port of Baltimore at old Whetstone Point in 1706 for the tobacco trade; the Town of Baltimore, on the west side of the Jones Falls, was founded and laid out on July 30, 1729. By 1752 the town had just 27 homes, including two taverns. Jonestown and Fells Point had been settled to the east; the three settlements, covering 60 acres, became a commercial hub, in 1768 were designated as the county seat. Being a colony, the Baltimore street names were laid out to demonstrate loyalty to the mother country. For example King George, King and Caroline streets. Baltimore grew swiftly in the 18th century, its plantations producing grain and tobacco for sugar-producing colonies in the Caribbean; the profit from sugar encouraged the cultivation of cane in the Caribbean and the importation of food by planters there. As noted, Baltimore was as the county seat, in 1768 a courthouse was built to serve both the city and county.
Its square was a center of community discussions. Baltimore established its public market system in 1763. Lexington Market, founded in 1782, i
President Street Station
The President Street Station in Baltimore, Maryland, is a former train station and railroad terminal. Built in 1849 and opened in February 1850, the station saw the some of the earliest bloodshed of the American Civil War, was an important rail link during the conflict. Today, it is the country's oldest surviving big-city railroad terminal in the United States and, after a nine-year preservation campaign and a year-long restoration/reconstruction/renovation completed April 1997, houses the Baltimore Civil War Museum; the Baltimore and Port Deposit Rail Road, founded in 1832, completed a rail line from Baltimore to the western shore of the Susquehanna River in 1837. The railroad's Baltimore terminus was on the east side of the "Basin", at the southern end of President Street; the B&PD exchanged freight cars with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, which had built a track to the eastern Basin harbor area from its original Mount Clare depot on the western side of the central business district. The B&PD and its merger successor company, the Philadelphia and Baltimore Railroad, transferred passengers to the B&O's first downtown depot at East Pratt and South Charles streets by a horse-drawn car on B&O's connecting track..
By 1838, the PW&B was carrying passengers from further northeast through Philadelphia to Baltimore, where they could transfer to the B&O and continue west to Ohio or by a new branch line further south to the national capital at Washington, D. C; the PW&B started building its own station at the southwestern corner of President Street with Canton Avenue with train yards, including a roundhouse and freight warehouses of about six square city blocks, extending east along Canton Avenue. The Greek Revival-style station opened on February 18, 1850. In addition to the brick head house with a distinctive arched roof, the original station had a 208 feet long barrel vaulted train shed over the tracks; the PW&B added a styled freight house, adjacent to the south of the passenger station, in 1852. On February 23, 1861 President-elect Lincoln, on his inauguration Whistle-Stop train ride, transferred from the President Street Station to Camden Station in order to thwart the Baltimore Plot assassination attempt.
The station was involved in the Baltimore riot of 1861, as Massachusetts state militia troops bound for Washington were being pulled in several connecting horse cars and marching to the B&O Camden Street Station, ten blocks west and were attacked by an angry mob of Southern and Confederate sympathizers, with a large number of civilians and four soldiers killed and many people wounded in the ensuing melee. On Friday, April 19, 1861, Baltimore Southern sympathizers attacked the passing 6th Massachusetts infantry regiment of the state militia and the "Washington Brigade" of Philadelphia from the Pennsylvania state militia. Both units were heading to the national capital at Washington to reinforce defenses in response to the requests for troops in his proclamation declaring the existence of an insurrection by 16th President Abraham Lincoln after the firing on Fort Sumter in Charleston harbor in South Carolina by newly organized Confederate States military forces a few days earlier. In 1873, the newly organized Union Railroad built a new set of tracks in northeastern Baltimore, connecting the original PW&B main line with the Northern Central Railway going north to York and Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
The new connection ran through the new Union Tunnel to NCRY's new Charles Street Station, north of Mount Royal Avenue.. This station on North Charles Street and its successors in the northern reaches of the city replaced the earlier President Street Station on the southeast for passenger service; the latter continued to serve as a freight station into the 1940s World War II era but served some passenger trains until 1911. The Pennsylvania Railroad, which acquired the PW&B in a merger in 1881, demolished the President Street's eastern train shed after heavy snow damage in 1913 and erected a new, shorter shed, built with wooden roof trusses; the President Street Station was used as a warehouse. The train shed was destroyed by fire, leaving only the present head house by 1970, when it was abandoned. In 1979, the derelict building was acquired by the City of Baltimore, which planned to demolish it to clear the way for a proposed southern extension of the Jones Falls Expressway to connect in an interchange near the harbor with the east - west Interstate 95, never built.
In 1989, the station's wooden arched roof collapsed in a snowstorm. In the 1990s, a public-private partnership pushed by a supporters group, the Friends of the President Street Station, funded the reconstruction/restoration/renovation of the vacant station and historic site, which reopened in April 1997 as the "Baltimore Civil War Museum" with the assistance of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Museum at the Mount Clare Shops. President Street Station, Inc. operated the museum until 2000, when the building lease was partnered with the Maryland Historical Society, located on their campus of buildings on West Monument Street, until 2006. The lease/partnership arrangement with the City and the FoPSS expired in 2017; the museum temporarily closed in 2007, due to budget constraints by the MdHS in connection with their nearby extension at the new Fells Point Maritime Museum on Thames Street
Paoli station is a passenger rail station located in the western suburbs of Philadelphia at 13 Lancaster Avenue, Pennsylvania. It is served by Amtrak's Keystone Service and Pennsylvanian trains, most SEPTA Paoli/Thorndale Line trains; the station has a waiting room and a coffee shop. The one-story tan brick building was constructed by the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1953 at a cost of $140,000; this station is 19.9 track miles from Philadelphia's Suburban Station. In 2011, an average of 1,240 people boarded and 1,408 alighted SEPTA trains each weekday; the Paoli Intermodal Transportation Center Project involves the relocation and expansion of the Paoli Station to a new site near the existing facility. Improvements associated with the new intermodal transportation center will include a bridge over the rail tracks, renovation or replacement of the existing station building, new passenger waiting and ticketing facilities, passenger amenities, shuttle, passenger parking facilities, potential new retail and commercial business development.
Construction for the $36 million station commenced in February 2017. The canceled light rail Greenline would have connected Paoli Station with the towns of Phoenixville and Oaks, Pennsylvania. Paoli has two low-level side platforms with pathways connecting the platforms to the inner tracks, though switches allow trains to move to and from the outer tracks to reach the platform; some SEPTA trains terminate/originate here. The center tracks were removed in 2017 to allow for the construction of a center high-level platform. In late 2018, temporary high-level side platforms were built for use with Amtrak services. Paoli Intermodal Transportation Center | project information Station from Valley Road from Google Maps Street View SEPTA - Paoli StationPaoli, PA – Amtrak Paoli, PA Paoli Amtrak-SEPTA Station
West Chester Branch
The West Chester Branch was a local passenger and freight railroad line owned by the Pennsylvania Railroad and Penn Central. The line connected with the Philadelphia-Washington Main Line at Arsenal Junction near the University of Pennsylvania and the Philadelphia-Chicago Main Line near Frazer, Pennsylvania. A portion of this line is now called the Media/Elwyn Line and is owned by SEPTA; the branch was composed of rail lines built by two companies in the 19th century. One portion, a 9-mile line from West Chester to Malvern, was built after 1831 by the West Chester Railroad; the PRR leased the line in 1859, moved the Malvern end to a junction at Frazer in 1880. The PRR acquired the West Chester Railroad in 1903; the other portion, a 26-mile line from Philadelphia to West Chester, was built by the West Chester and Philadelphia Railroad between 1852 and 1858. In 1880, the WC&P was purchased by the PRR-controlled Philadelphia and Baltimore Railroad, which merged it the following year into the Philadelphia and Baltimore Central Railroad.
As the PRR's West Chester Branch, the line offered commuter rail service between Philadelphia and West Chester, the county seat of Chester County. In the 1920s, the PRR electrified the Paoli and Chestnut Hill lines its Philadelphia-Washington Main Line to Wilmington and the West Chester Branch out to West Chester; the PRR ended passenger service from West Chester to Frazer in 1932 and removed those tracks in the early 1960s. In 1971 and 1972, there were washouts on the nearby Chester Creek Branch and Octoraro Branch, due to heavy storms and Hurricane Agnes. Subsequently, the Penn Central ended service north of West Chester and parts of the nearby branches and removed some of the tracks. Today, the right-of-way can still be seen in places. After the PC bankruptcy and the formation of Conrail in 1976, operations and ownership of the West Chester Branch was ceded to the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority in 1983. SEPTA operated the line as its R3-Media/West Chester service until 1986, when service was truncated to Elwyn.
As of early 2014, SEPTA operates commuter rail operations on the line between Philadelphia and Elwyn, while the West Chester Railroad operates a scenic excursion train on weekends between West Chester and Glen Mills. Occasional nocturnal freight service occurs via Amtrak to obtain track ballast from a quarry in Glen Mills. SEPTA plans to restore rail service west of Elwyn to a new Park and Ride station in Wawa in 2020; the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation plans to study how much it would cost to restore SEPTA regional rail service to West Chester. SEPTA Regional Rail West Chester Railroad Advisory Ad Hoc Committee to Reestablish Rail Service to West Chester. "The Potential of Rail Service to West Chester Borough". Archived from the original on 2016-06-20. Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission. "Wawa to West Chester Regional Rail Extension – Ridership Forecast". Archived from the original on 2017-04-15. West Chester Railroad Restoration Committee | Borough of West Chester, Pennsylvania