Champaign is a city in Champaign County, United States. The city is 135 miles south of Chicago, 124 miles west of Indianapolis, 178 mi northeast of St. Louis, Missouri; the United States Census Bureau estimates the city was home to 87,432 people as of July 1, 2017. Champaign is the tenth-most populous city in Illinois, the state's fourth-most populous city outside the Chicago metropolitan area, it is included in the Champaign–Urbana metropolitan area. Champaign is notable for sharing the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign with its sister city of Urbana. Champaign is home to Parkland College which serves about 18,000 students during the academic year. Due to the university and a number of well known technology startup companies, it is referred to as the hub, or a significant landmark, of the Silicon Prairie. Champaign houses offices for Sony, for the Fortune 500 companies Abbott, Archer Daniels Midland, Deere & Company, Dow Chemical Company, IBM, State Farm. Champaign was founded in 1855, when the Illinois Central Railroad laid its rail track two miles west of downtown Urbana.
Called "West Urbana", it was renamed Champaign when it acquired a city charter in 1860. Both the city and county name were derived from Ohio. During February 1969, Carl Perkins joined with Bob Dylan to write the song "Champaign, Illinois", which Perkins released on his album On Top; the band Old 97's took another Bob Dylan song, "Desolation Row", combined its melody with new lyrics to make a new song "Champaign, Illinois", which they released with Dylan's blessing on their 2010 album The Grand Theatre Volume One. It achieved considerable popularity; the two "Champaign, Illinois" songs are not similar to each other, except that Bob Dylan was involved in both of them. On September 22, 1985, Champaign hosted the first Farm Aid concert at the University of Illinois' Memorial Stadium; the concert raised over $7 million for American family farmers. In 2005, Champaign-Urbana was the location of the National Science Olympiad Tournament, attracting young scientists from all 50 states; the city hosts the state Science Olympiad competition every year.
The University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign once again hosted the National competition on May 20–22, 2010. In 2013, Champaign was rated fifth best place in the United States for a healthy work-life balance. According to the 2010 census, Champaign has a total area of 22.457 square miles, of which 22.43 square miles is land and 0.027 square miles is water. Champaign is located on high ground, providing sources to the Kaskaskia River to the west, the Embarras River to the south. Downtown Champaign drains into Boneyard Creek, which feeds the Saline Branch of the Salt Fork Vermilion River. Champaign shares a border with the neighboring city of Urbana. Champaign and the bordering village of Savoy form the Champaign-Urbana Metropolitan Area known as Champaign-Urbana, it may be colloquially known as the "Twin Cities" or Chambana. The following diagram represents localities within a 35 miles radius of Champaign; the city has a humid continental climate, typical of the Midwestern United States, with hot summers and cold, moderately snowy winters.
Temperatures exceed 90 °F on an average of 24 days per year, fall below 0 °F on six nights annually. The record high temperature in Champaign was 109 °F in 1954, the record low was −25 °F, recorded on four separate occasions − in 1899, 1905, 1994 and 1999; as of the 2010 census, 81,055 people and 34,434 total housing units in Champaign. The population density was 3,974.6 people per square mile. There were 28,556 housing units at an average density of 1,681.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 67.8% White, 15.62% African-American, 0.3% Native American, 10.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from other races, 3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino individuals of any race made up 6.3% of the population. According to the 2010 Census the city's 32,152 households, 21.5% included children under age 18, 33.1% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 53.7% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals, 6.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.25 persons and the average family size was 2.97. According to the 2010 Census of all individuals, 17.3% were under age 18, 22.5% from 20 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 18% from 45 to 64, 7.6% were age 65 or older. The median age was 25.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.9 males. According to the 2010 Census the median income for a household in the city was $41,403, the median income for a family was $72,819; the per capita income for the city was $24,855. About 11.9% of families and 26.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over. The current city executive or Mayor of Champaign is Deborah Frank Feinen who assumed office in May 2015; the representative body of Champaign is known as the City Council. The City Council is composed of three At-Large members and one member from each of the five council districts located within the city limits.
As of May 2017, its members are: Tom Bruno, Will Kyles, Matthew Gladney, Clarissa Fourman, Alicia Beck, Angi
Urbana is a city in and the county seat of Champaign County, United States. The population is estimated at 41,989 as of July 1, 2017. Urbana is the tenth-most populous city in Illinois outside of the Chicago metropolitan area, it is included in the Champaign–Urbana metropolitan area. Urbana is notable for sharing the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign with its sister city of Champaign; the Urbana area was first settled in 1822, when it was called "Big Grove". When the county of Champaign was organized in 1833, the county seat was located on 40 acres of land, 20 acres donated by William T. Webber and 20 acres by Col. M. W. Busey, considered to be the city's founder, the name "Urbana" was adopted after Urbana, the hometown of State Senator Vance; the creation of the new town was celebrated for the first time in July 4, 1833. Stores began opening beginning in 1834; the first mills were founded in c.1838-50. The town's first church was built c.1840 with the Baptist Church following in 1855 and the Methodist Church in 1856.
The Presbyterian Church was founded in 1856. The city's first school was built in 1854. Urbana suffered a setback when the Chicago branch of the Illinois Central Railroad, expected to pass through town, was instead laid down two miles west, where the land was flatter; the town of West Urbana grew up around the train depot built there in 1854, in 1861 its name was changed to Champaign. The competition between the two cities provoked Urbana to tear down the ten-year-old County Courthouse and replace it with a much larger and fancier structure, to ensure that the county seat would remain in Urbana. Champaign-Urbana was selected as the site for a new state agricultural school, thanks to the efforts of Clark Griggs. Illinois Industrial University, which would evolve into the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, opened in 1868 with 77 students. A number of efforts to merge Urbana and Champaign have failed at the polls. On October 9, 1871 a fire burned much of downtown Urbana. Children playing with matches started the fire.
Downtown Urbana is located west of the intersection of its two busiest streets: U. S. 10 and U. S. 45. Most of Urbana lies south of I-74. There are three exits: Lincoln and University; the Lincoln exit is closest to the University of Illinois, while the Cunningham exit goes to downtown Urbana. The University exit goes to downtown Urbana as well as Illinois Route 130 to Philo; the Norfolk Southern operates an east to west line through Urbana. The NS line connects industries in eastern Urbana to the Norfolk Southern main line at Mansfield, west of Champaign; the line now operated by Norfolk Southern is the former Peoria & Eastern Railway operated as part of the Big Four, New York Central, Penn Central, Conrail systems, being sold by Conrail to Norfolk Southern in 1996. Construction of the line was begun by the Danville, Urbana and Pekin Railroad; this short-lived entity became part of the Indianapolis and Western Railway before the railroad was completed. A branch line of the Norfolk and Western Railway used to connect Urbana with the main line from Danville to Decatur at Sidney, but this was first rerouted and closed in the early 1990s.
Willard Airport serves the city. As of the census of 2000, there were 36,395 people, 14,327 households, 6,217 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,468.3 people per square mile. There were 15,311 housing units at an average density of 1,459.1/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 67.01% White, 14.34% African American, 0.18% Native American, 14.24% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.76% from other races, 2.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.54% of the population. There were 14,327 households out of which 20.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 56.6% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.83. In the city, the population was spread out with 14.9% under the age of 18, 36.2% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 13.2% from 45 to 64, 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 111.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,819, the median income for a family was $42,655. Males had a median income of $32,827 versus $26,349 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,969. About 13.3% of families and 27.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.5% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over. Urbana has Mayor-Council government, of the strong-mayor form; the city council has seven members, each elected from a different ward. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. Urbana is located at 40°6′35″N 88°12′15″W. According to the 2010 census, Urbana has a total area of 11.69 square miles, of which 11.65 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. Urbana borders the city of Champaign; the main campus of the University of Illinois is situated on this border. Together, these two cities are referred to as Urbana-Champaign (the designation used by th
Sadorus is a village in Champaign County, United States. The population was 422 at the 2014 census, with 56.6% male, 43.4% female. Sadorus was the first town founded in Champaign County. Sadorus is located at 39°57′59″N 88°20′43″W. According to the 2010 census, Sadorus has a total area of all land. Sadorus was settled in April 1824 by Henry Sadorus, was the first town founded in Champaign County. There was a train wreck as a train was passing through the town on February 21, 2011. Two grain cars tipped over and another 3 or 4 cars derailed into a nearby field; the train had passed through the residential area of the town when it derailed, so luckily, nobody was injured. It is believed. At the 2000 census, there were 163 households and 118 families residing in the village; the population density was 503.8 per square mile. There were 169 housing units at an average density of 199.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.12% White, 0.23% Native American, 1.64% from two or more races.
There were 163 households of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.1% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.6% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.06. 24.4% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 35.9% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 126.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 120.5 males. The median household income was $44,375 and the median family income was $42,083. Males had a median income of $35,167 versus $20,500 for females; the per capita income for the village was $18,540. About 1.7% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.
Sadorus Rock is a large rock, in a local field. The rock was moved from the field to in front of the Sadorus Park around 2003. Formally known as "Pioneer Rock", it was renamed "Sadorus Rock" and dedicated to Henry Sadorus on October 30, 1932, it is believed that the large rock wound up in the un-rocky fields of Champaign county sometime during the end of the last ice age when melting glaciers deposited the rock in the area. Jennie Garth, Actress starring in Beverly Hills, 90210 and What I Like About You Dorothy Schroeder, AAGPBL All-star player and all-time league leader in RBIs and walks.
Rantoul is a village in Champaign County, United States. The population was 12,941 at the 2010 census; the community was named after Robert Rantoul, Jr. a U. S. representative from Massachusetts, a director of the Illinois Central Railroad. Rantoul was laid out in 1854 for the Illinois Central Railroad by John Penfield. A post office was established in 1856 as Rantoul Station. In 1917, Rantoul was chosen by the United States Army to be the site of Chanute Field, due to its proximity to the Illinois Central railroad and the War Department’s ground school at the University of Illinois. In the 1930s, Chanute Field grew, dominating the local economy as thousands of airmen were stationed there to train recruits. Renamed Chanute Air Force Base after World War II, it was closed in 1993, but was reoccupied by the Octave Chanute Aerospace Museum, permanently closed on December 30, 2015, the Rantoul National Aviation Center. Rantoul's economy has taken a sharp decline due to the base's closing, from which it has never recovered.
The book Eye of the Storm: Chanute Closes by Katy B. Podagrosi tells the story of this period. Rantoul is located at 40°18′17″N 88°9′7″W. According to the 2010 census, Rantoul has a total area of 8.259 square miles, of which 8.15 square miles is land and 0.109 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 12,857 people, 5,330 households, 3,367 families residing in the village; the population density was 1,776.5 people per square mile. There were 6,161 housing units at an average density of 851.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 76.69% White, 16.88% African American, 0.47% Native American, 1.75% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.89% from other races, 3.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.69% of the population. There were 5,330 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.8% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.02. In the village, the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males. The median income for a household in the village was $36,904, the median income for a family was $43,543. Males had a median income of $32,440 versus $22,382 for females; the per capita income for the village was $17,948. About 8.5% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.7% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over. Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Rantoul. Amtrak Train 391, the southbound Saluki, is scheduled to depart Rantoul at 11:10am daily with service to Champaign-Urbana, Effingham, Centralia, Du Quoin, Carbondale. Amtrak Train 393, the southbound Illini, is scheduled to depart Rantoul at 6:00pm daily serving the same points as the southbound Saluki.
Amtrak Train 390, the northbound Saluki, is scheduled to depart Rantoul at 10:27am daily with service to Gilman, Kankakee and Chicago. Amtrak Train 887, the northbound Illini, is scheduled to depart Rantoul at 7:02pm daily serving the same points as the northbound Saluki. Rantoul National Aviation Center Don Branson, auto racer Sean Bubin, offensive lineman of the Detroit Lions and New England Patriots ) Michelle Franzen and radio reporter, graduated from Rantoul Township High School Darren W. McDew, U. S. Air Force general Greg McMahon, special teams coordinator for the New Orleans Saints. Adrian Pillars, sculptor Jheri Redding, chemist, hair care products entrepreneur and businessman. Alan Ritchson, actor most known for Blue Mountain State Blake Schilb, professional basketball player, playing for Red Star Belgrade Craig Vetter, innovative designer of motorcycles and motorcycle accessories, inducted into the AMA Motorcycle Hall of Fame in 1999 Illinois Skydiving Center, a major center of that sport, located in nearby Flatville.
Octave Chanute Aerospace Museum, detailing the history of Flight, Military Aviation, Chanute Air Force Base, located on the old Base. Closed in 2015. Korean War Veterans Museum, a Museum under construction detailing the history of the Korean War, located on the old Base. Rantoul Theater Group, offering drama and musical live entertainment Rantoul Township High School, the only high school in Rantoul and stands as its own district. RTHS serves students from Rantoul, Thomasboro and the surrounding rural area. More information is provided through the provided link; the University of Illinois football scrimmage game is held at the high school field in August. St. Malachy Grade School a Catholic Grade School in Rantoul, IL. Rantoul City Schools District 137 is a Pre-K-8 District with Grade Level Centers, made up of 5 schools: Eastlawn, Pleasant Acres, Broadmeadow and Eater. Lincoln's ChalleNGe Academy In 1993, the Center for Strategic and International Studies published a study entitled, Forging a Military Youth Corps.
That same year, acting upon the studies recommendations, provided funding in the 1993 Defense Authorization Act for the N
St. Joseph, Illinois
The Village of St. Joseph was founded on 28 April 1881 and is located in St. Joseph Township, Champaign County, United States; the population was 3,967 at the 2010 census. St. Joseph is located at St. Joseph, IL. According to the 2010 census, St. Joseph has a total area of 2.14 square miles, of which 2.12 square miles is land and 0.02 square miles is water. As of the census of 2004, there were 3,900 people, 2,014 households, 1,002 families residing in the village; the population density was 3,024.3 people per square mile. There were 1,157 housing units at an average density of 1,022.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.90% White, 0.10% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.24% from other races, 0.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.86% of the population. There were 1,125 households out of which 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.4% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.8% were non-families.
22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.03. In the village, the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males. The median income for a household in the village was $53,424, the median income for a family was $61,094. Males had a median income of $40,250 versus $29,450 for females; the per capita income for the village was $21,381. About 2.8% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over. The public high school for this community is St. Joseph-Ogden High School, a school that combines students graduating from St. Joseph Middle School with students graduating from Prairieview-Ogden Junior High, with the majority of students coming from the St. Joseph area.
Not all students within Prairieview-Ogden Junior High's district are within the high school's district. Some of these students will fall within the borders of Rantoul, IL or Thomasboro, IL high school districts instead. There is locally owned restaurant in St. Joseph. Chain restaurants include Monical's Pizza, Dairy Queen and Casey's Pizza. Locally owned restaurants include La Luna Cafe/Yummy Tummy Pizza, Padano's Pizza, Roch's Place, The Wheelhouse, El Toro; the grocery store, IGA, the newest gas station, Jack Flash have fresh delis inside. Frank Hanly, 26th Governor of Indiana, was born in St. Joseph Village Home Page Community Arts Resource History of St. Joseph, Illinois Champaign County Economic Development Corporation - St. Joseph Community Profile St. Joseph-Ogden High School
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Embarras River (Illinois)
The Embarras River is a 195-mile-long tributary of the Wabash River in southeastern Illinois in the United States. The waters of the Embarras reach the Gulf of Mexico via the Wabash and Mississippi Rivers; the river drains a watershed around 1,566,450 acres in an agricultural region. The name comes from French explorers, who used the term embarras for river obstacles and difficulties relating to logjams and the like; the Embarras River rises in Champaign County. The upper reaches of the Embarras include the detention ponds near the intersection of Windsor Road with U. S. Route 45 in southeastern Champaign; the Embarras flows southward through Douglas, Coles and Jasper Counties. In Jasper County, it turns southeast for the remainder of its course through Richland and Lawrence Counties. Portions of the river's lower course have been channelized, it joins the Wabash River 6 miles southwest of Indiana. Along its course, the Embarras passes the towns of Villa Grove, Charleston, Newton, Ste. Marie, Lawrenceville.
In its upper course in Champaign County, the river collects the East Branch Embarras River, which rises in southwestern Vermilion County and flows 20.3 miles westwardly in a channelized course, past the town of Broadlands. 39°53′25″N 88°10′50″W In Coles County, the Embarras collects the Little Embarras River, which rises in Edgar County and flows 19.6 miles southwestwardly. 39°34′26″N 88°04′28″W In Jasper County, the Embarras collects the North Fork Embarras River, 64.0 miles long, which rises in Edgar County and flows southwardly through Clark and Crawford Counties. 38°55′00″N 87°59′18″W The United States Board on Geographic Names settled on "Embarras River" as the stream's official name in 1964. According to the Geographic Names Information System, it has been known as the "Ambraw River" and as the "Embarrass River." The only population of harlequin darters in Illinois is found in the Embarras River. In the 18th century, the Embarras River was part of the trail from Cahokia to Vincennes; the river route was used by George Rogers Clark's forces during the Illinois Campaign.
List of Illinois rivers Watersheds of Illinois Columbia Gazetteer of North America entry DeLorme. Illinois Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-321-4. Embarras River - Illinois Geographic Alliance Surf the Embarras with USEPA Prairie Rivers Network