Bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchi in the lungs that causes coughing. Symptoms include coughing up sputum, shortness of breath, chest pain. Bronchitis can be chronic. Acute bronchitis has a cough that lasts around three weeks, is known as a chest cold. In more than 90% of cases the cause is a viral infection; these viruses may be spread by direct contact. A small number of cases are caused by a bacterial infection such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae or Bordetella pertussis. Risk factors include exposure to tobacco smoke and other air pollution. Treatment of acute bronchitis involves rest and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to help with the fever. Chronic bronchitis is defined as a productive cough – one that produces sputum – that lasts for three months or more per year for at least two years. Many people with chronic bronchitis have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Tobacco smoking is the most common cause, with a number of other factors such as air pollution and genetics playing a smaller role.
Treatments include quitting smoking, vaccinations and inhaled bronchodilators and steroids. Some people may benefit from long-term oxygen therapy. Acute bronchitis is one of the most common diseases. About 5% of adults are affected and about 6% of children have at least one episode a year. Acute bronchitis is the most common type of bronchitis. In the United States, in 2016, 8.6 million people were diagnosed with chronic bronchitis. Acute bronchitis known as a chest cold, is short term inflammation of the bronchi of the lungs; the most common symptom is a cough, that may not produce sputum. Other symptoms may include coughing up mucus, shortness of breath and chest discomfort. Fever when present is mild; the infection may last from a few to ten days. The cough may persist for several weeks afterwards, with the total duration of symptoms around three weeks. Symptoms may last for up to six weeks. In more than 90% of cases, the cause is a viral infection; these viruses may spread by direct contact. Risk factors include exposure to tobacco smoke and other air pollutants.
A small number of cases are due to bacteria such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae or Bordetella pertussis. Diagnosis is based on a person's signs and symptoms; the color of the sputum does not indicate if the infection is bacterial. Determining the underlying organism is not required. Other causes of similar symptoms include asthma, bronchiolitis, COPD. A chest X-ray may be useful to detect pneumonia. Another common sign of bronchitis is a cough. If the cough lasts for longer than a month, it may become chronic bronchitis. In addition, a fever may be present. Acute bronchitis is caused by a viral infection; these infections are rhinovirus, parainfluenza, or influenza. No specific testing is needed in order to diagnose acute bronchitis. One form of prevention is to avoid smoking and other lung irritants. Frequent hand washing may be protective. Treatment for acute bronchitis involves rest, NSAIDs to help with the fever. Cough medicine has little support for its use, is not recommended in children under the age of six.
There is tentative evidence. Antibiotics should not be used. An exception is. Tentative evidence supports pelargonium to help with symptoms. Getting plenty of rest and drinking enough fluids are recommended as well. Chinese medicinal herbs are of unclear effect. Acute bronchitis is one of the most common diseases. About 5% of adults are affected, about 6% of children have at least one episode a year, it occurs more in the winter. More than 10 million people in the US visit a doctor each year for this condition, with about 70% receiving antibiotics which are not needed. There are efforts to decrease the use of antibiotics in acute bronchitis. Acute bronchitis is the most common type of bronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is defined as a productive cough that lasts for three months or more per year for at least two years; when this occurs together with decreased airflow it is known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Many people with chronic bronchitis have COPD however, most people with COPD do not have chronic bronchitis.
Estimates of the number of people with COPD who have chronic bronchitis are 7 to 40%. Estimates of the number of people who smoke and have chronic bronchitis who have COPD is 60%; the term "chronic bronchitis" was used in previous definitions of COPD but is no longer included in the definition. The term is still used clinically. While both chronic bronchitis and emphysema are associated with COPD, neither is needed to make the diagnosis. A Chinese consensus commented on symptomatic types of COPD that include chronic bronchitis and with frequent exacerbations. Chronic bronchitis is a respiratory disease marked by overproduction of mucins; the excess mucus is produced by goblet cells and enlarged submucosal glands in response to long-term irritation. The mucous glands in the submucosa secrete more than the goblet cells. Mucins thicken mucus, their concentration has been found to be high in cases of chronic bronchitis, to correlate with the severity of the disease. Excess mucus can narrow the airways, thereby limiting airflow and accelerating the decline in lung function, result in COPD.
Excess mucus shows itself as a chronic producti
The 1988 Chatham Cup was the 61st annual nationwide knockout football competition in New Zealand. Up to the last 16 of the competition, the cup was run in three regions. National League teams received a bye until the final 64 stage. In all, 147 teams took part in a new record for the time; the final was the last to be held over home and away legs. The format was abandoned for the 1989 Chatham Cup; the 1988 final was the only one to be decided on the away goals rule, with Waikato United winning after scoring more goals in the first leg in Christchurch, despite both matches ending in draws. The Christchurch team included Steve Sumner, returning to the city after a spell with Gisborne, playing for the team he had played against in the 1987 final; the first leg was held in Christchurch, proved to be an exciting match. Waikato took the lead through Steve Tate, Lance Bauerfeind doubled their advantage. Christchurch never gave up, scored twice in the last 20 minutes through John Hanson and Johan Verweij.
The two goals scored by Waikato in the first match were to prove invaluable. The second tie, in Hamilton, was evenly balanced. Waikato's Steve Tate again opened the scoring, with a goal after 17 minutes; the away goals rule meant that Christchurch would need two goals — a 1–1 draw would not be enough for them. In the event, one goal was all they got, via a Keith Braithwaite penalty a quarter of an hour before the final whistle; the Jack Batty Memorial Trophy for player of the final was awarded to double goalscorer Steve Tate of Waikato United. * won on penalties by Queens Park and South Auckland * won on penalties by Waikato United Aggregate score 3-3. Waikato United won on away goals. Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation New Zealand 1988 page UltimateNZSoccer website 1988 Chatham Cup page
Gary Willis is an American bassist and composer known foremost as the co-founder of the jazz fusion band Tribal Tech. Aside from his work in Tribal Tech, Willis has worked with numerous other jazz musicians including Wayne Shorter, Dennis Chambers, Allan Holdsworth. "Slaughterhouse 3", released in 2006, continued his collaboration with drummer Kirk Covington as well as saxophonist Llibert Fortuny to form a modern jazz/funk/groove power-trio. Willis's latest solo CD "Larger Than Life" was released on the Abstractlogix label in 2015. In addition to "Larger Than Life", Willis's solo career includes Retro from 2013, Actual Fiction from 2007, No Sweat from 1996 and Bent in 1998. Willis is the author of four books for bass guitar, "Fingerboard Harmony for Bass", "The Gary Willis Collection", "Ultimate Ear Training for Guitar and Bass" and "101 Bass Tips" all published by Hal Leonard. Willis, a Texas native, studied composition and improvisation at The University of North Texas College of Music, where he switched from guitar to bass.
He is an instructor at the Catalonia College of Music in Barcelona, Spain. Gary Willis uses his signature model Ibanez fretless 5-string bass guitar, Aguilar Amplifiers and D'Addario strings, he is an instructor at Berklee's campus in Valencia, Spain. Gary Willis | "Actual Fiction" and "Slaughterhouse 3" "Retro" Gary Willis website Bass Guitar Magazine Gary Willis Interview in Issue 29 Bassist and Composer Gary Willis, 8/01/2007 Gary Willis Berklee faculty page
The following highways are numbered 290: Manitoba Provincial Road 290 Japan National Route 290 Interstate 290 U. S. Route 290 Arkansas Highway 290 Florida: Florida State Road 290 County Road 290 Georgia State Route 290 Kentucky Route 290 Maryland Route 290 Minnesota State Highway 290 Montana Secondary Highway 290 Nevada State Route 290 New Mexico State Road 290 New York: New York State Route 290 County Route 290 Ohio State Route 290 Pennsylvania Route 290 South Carolina Highway 290 Tennessee State Route 290 Texas: Texas State Highway 290 Texas State Highway Spur 290 Farm to Market Road 290 Utah State Route 290 Virginia State Route 290 Washington State Route 290 Wyoming Highway 290
Samba Jazz!! is the third album recorded by the group Meirelles e Os Copa 5, led by J. T. Meirelles. Released in 2002, this album celebrates the return of the group, after a long period without recording any song; the album was produced by J. T. Meirelles, who composed and arranged all its songs. Despite the long period between the last album, Novo som, Samba Jazz!!, Meirelles tried to keep the same music conception he had when he was 20 years old. He tried to create simple songs, influenced by jazz, but at the same time which remind Brazilian music. In fact, this album evocates the samba-jazz rhythm as in 1964, when Meirelles e Os Copa 5 recorded their first album, O som. J. T. Meirelles: alto saxophone, flute Guilherme Dias Gomes: flugelhorn Laércio de Freitas: piano Adriano Griffoni: bass Robertinho Silva: drums and percussion
Cornelis is a 2010 Swedish biographical drama film directed by Amir Chamdin, about the life of the musician Cornelis Vreeswijk. The soundtrack of the film was composed by Cornelis' son Jack Vreeswijk. Vreeswijk is portrayed by Hans Erik Dyvik Husby known as Hank Von Helvete, former lead singer in the Norwegian rock band Turbonegro; the film centres on Vreeswijk's refuge to Sweden when he was a child and his radical political views and taste for women in his adulthood. The film's premiere in Sweden was 12 November 2010. David Dencik was nominated for a Guldbagge Award for his portrayal of the folk musician Fred Åkerström. Hans Erik Dyvik Husby as Cornelis Vreeswijk Malin Crépin as Ingalill Rehnberg Helena af Sandeberg as Bim Warne David Dencik as Fred Åkerström Johan Glans as Anders Burman Frida Sjögren as Anita Strandell Vera Vitali as Ann-Christin Wennerström Pernilla Andersson as Ann-Louise Hanson Louis Fellbom as Jack Vreeswijk Adrian Munoz Nordqvist as young Cornelis Vreeswijk Fabian Fourén as 6 years old Jack Vreeswijk The film was well received.
Svenska Dagbladet stated that the film was made with a "tremendous attention to detail" and that the actors "significantly portrayed" their characters. Aftonbladet stated that Chamdin is "a poetic film narrator who delivers a touching picture of an unusual man", but that the film "tries to show too much, a whole life, at the same time as it shows too little". Cornelis on IMDb Cornelis at the Swedish Film Institute Database Cornelis at IMCDb.org